Newspaper Page Text
FROM PROF. SPILLMAN.
Washington, D. C, Aug. 19, 1902.
Editor The Ranch: —The depart
ment of agriculture wishes to get in
communication with farmers who
have grown pencillaria, or pearl mil
let, during this season or previous sea
sons. We should like particularly to
know the amount of seed used per
acre, where the seed was obtained and
at what price, and whether or not a
good stand was secured. We should
also like to have the opinion of your
readers as to the value of this crop
as a fodder crop, and how best to util
ize it. In return for information
which any of your readers may fur
nish us, we shall be glad to recipro
cate by sending them publications of
the Office of the Argostologist.
W. J. SPrLLMAN,
Agrostologist, U. S. Department of Ag
riculture, Washington, D. C.
In gathering apples for cider, they
are usually shaken from the trees,
picked up and placed in heaps on the
ground where they are allowed to re
main until the grower has time to
take them to the mill. Much bruising
usually results from shaking apples
off, and if allowed to remain too long
in the orchard, the cider will be of
very poor quality. If the very best
of cider is desired, the apples must
be sorted, and all wormy and partially
rotten ones thrown out. In large or
chards, bruising is prevented by the
use of canvas placed under the trees;
where cider is made on a large scale,
it pays. The whole width of the can
vas should never be less than 25 feet,
and the safest plan is to have it 32
feet; when this size, an apple seldom
falls outside. The outer edge is held
up, 3 or 4 feet from the ground by
means of stakes. When the apples
fall upon the canvas, they roll at once
toward the trunk of the tree, and are
little damage by bruising. If the can
vas is properly made it can be used
for many other purposes. Cider ap
ples should never be piled directly
on the ground. They are liable to be
come musty, or at least take on an
earthly flavor which is transmitted
to the cider. If they must be piled in
the orchard for some time, make a
bed of straw for them. Tn most farm
communities, sweet cider is to be had
for only a few weeks in autumn. Of
course, if one has his own cider-mill,
sweet cider may be had any time after
the apples begin to ripen. As a rule,
however, the average farmer depends
on some one who makes cider for the
neighborhood. After coming from a
mill of this kind, the cider will remain
sweet for only a short time; depend
ent, more or less, upon the weather.
There is now a demand for clear
sparkling sweet cider which retains
the original fruit flavor. Good cider
must be made from fairly well ma
tured apples, free from worms and rot.
Old mills, tainted with pomace, and
with the wooden portion soaked with
vinegar, will not produce first-class
cider, as acid ferments will be intro
duced, resulting in a rapid change.
Use clean cloths, vats, presses, etc.,
keeping them clean by scalding at
least once a day. Endeavor to keep
the cider from coming in contact with
the microorganisms, which are in old
pumace around most cider mills. If
these get into the cider, fermentation
begins at once, and it will be impos
sible to completely check it. Fer
mentation is more rapid when the at
mosphere is humid and the temper
ature hibh. Consequently, v cider is
to delay making until late in the fall,
Half and Half.
The dyspeptic may well be represented
pictoriafly as being half masculine and
hall feminine, and combining the least
desirable characteristics of either sex.
He has all the stubbornness of the man
with the peevish ir- -.
ritability of a sick pfWJ
woman. He's not r-/jJ%«&
pleasant company at
home or abroad. fyl
Dr. Pierces Golden Jkr4^
Medical Discovery /f^^^rW^r\
cures dyspepsia and / \\ \/\ \
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ated organs of climes- ;Jz?/ f^i
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It renews physical ' j\ JrL^y
health which carries 7 /*?!My\
with it cheerfulness \\./ | ■■••s%s.
of temper, and makes \\l]P I • '<*
life a pleasure instead ][ J '*??•ss:
of a penance. In / ':::•s'ss'.
The Discovery» II / :j:/;ygsf
purifies the blood by IIV I 'i-•>;.■;*■•
eliminating the cor- if f A $?&£*,
rupt and poisonous II jr>j V-:y.;'.:;:
accumulations from |1 j I :.:;-v-V;.v-j
--which disease is bred, ill ;f;/■':•;s£•
It increases the ac- ill/ '$'?•&.• \
tivity of the blood- If/ •■•v-"-^/-; \
making glands, so |^£y : '■'■']}. .\^iy
increasing the supply *^ l_>^^
of pure rich blood, which gives life to
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life and new strength.
"Your 'Golden Medical Discovery' has per
formed a wonderful cure," writes Mr. M. H.
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tried Dr. Pierces Golden Medical Discovery and
now I am cured."
Accept no substitute foi " Golden Med
ical Discovery." There is nothing "just
as good" for diseases of the stomach,
blood and lungs. f
The Common Sense Medical Adviser,
1008 large pages in paper covers, is sent
free on receipt of 21 one-cent stamps to
pay expense of mailing only. Address
Dr. R. V. Pierce, Buffalo, N. Y.
when the days are clear and dry, and
the air cool; then, too, the fruit con
tains more sugar, late in the season,
which tends to preserve cider, as well
as to improve the flavor. The only
easy method known for preventing
changes, is to heat it to a temperature
of 175 to 180 degrees Fahrenheit, then
place at once in sterilized, self-seal
ing jars while hot. The writer has
never tried any other kind of jars or
bottles, but no doubt there are other
kinds that would be just as good. One
might safely use the same methods as
for canning fruit, except that tin
should never be used. If cider is prop
erly put up according to this plan, it
will keep almost any length of time.
Of course, heat causes slight changes
in the flavor, and the deterioration
takes place rapidly when the jars are
opened; therefore, the cider should
not be exposed to the atmosphere, for
any length of time, before being used.
Ship us your
Hides and Wool, Pelts, Furs and Tallo*
BISSINGER 4CO SEATTLE.
J. M. HIXSON & CO., Inc.
Commission : Merchants
(loods handled strictly on commission. We do
not buy anything. Consignments solicited. Ke
turns made promptly.
821-823 Western Avenue
Send your HIDES FURS. WOOL and PELTS to
H. F. NORTON & CO., SEATTLE
Wool Pullers and Tanners, Hlghese Casi Price*
Prompt Returns. Agents for K«nnlmim Hh >ip
J. W. GODWIN & CO. I
COMMISSION MERCHANTS 1
Fruit and Produce
Largest receivers, handlers and shippers. Ours is one of ®
® the oldest firms on the coast. ®
® Account of sales and checks mailed patrons every week.
$ Correspondence solicited. ®
®) Stencils furnished on application. ®)
; WESTERN AYE NUE, SEATTLE. •
New crop seeds
Write for Prices.
Lilly, Bogardus & Co. Seattle, U. S. A.
SHIP YOUR CREAM TO US!
Commence shipping your cream to the best market in
the West. We guarantee to get you more for your cream
than you can get at home, and make weekly spot cash pay
ments. One shipment will convince you of this fact. Add
your name to our long and growing list o fsatisfied shippers.
We refer you to any bank in Seattle.
The MEADOWBROOK CO.
All Sizes. Not the Cheapest, but Lowest Priced. The Best
Mills ever put on the Market. Write for Prices.
Cartey Bros. s Col fax, Wash*