Newspaper Page Text
THE BEST TIME TO CHOOSE A
G. H. Clark.
The best time to judge a dairy cow
is when ih« is giving her greatest flow
of milk. This time will suit our pur
poses very well for the cow will not
then be preg&ant by an undesirable
sire, and will have her next calf from
lne sire selected for the purpose of
improving the dairy qualities. Some
of the objections to choosing the cow
at this time of life are that the suc
ceeding offspring may be influenced in
an undesirable direction by the prev
ious impregnation, and the previous
care, feed and milking of the cow may
nst have been such as to develop her
dairy qualities to the best advantage.
Since it is known that acquired habits
and conditions of life are often trans
mitted to later generations, the latter
objection affects not only the profits
from the milk of the dam, but may be
detrimental to the offspring. These
objections can be overcome only by
beginning with young heifers, and this
is equally objectionable unless the an
cestry of the heifer is known, for it
is almost impossible to foretell dairy
quality in them. The fresh cows can
at once be put to a vigorous test, and
any unprofitable ones disposed of at
the end of ten or twelve months, thus
WHAT CAN THE PATRON DO TO
INCREASE HIS PROFITS?
C. F. Eldredge.
If you should ask this question of the
creamery patrons, most of them would
answer, "Milk more cows." But is this
the best answer to the question?
Would it not pay the patron better to
keep a daily record of the pounds of
milk from each cow, along with a rec
ord of the monthly test? By doing
this he could quickly and easily deter
mine which cows were losing him mon
ey. He could then dispose of these
and replace them by cows that would
come up to the desired standard.
The patron should choose some one
breed of cattle and stay by that choice.
He can build up his herd by using a!l
possible care in the breeding and the
feeding os his animals. There is al
ways room for improvement and it
should be his aim to make his herd as
nearly perfect as possible.
By watching his milk sheet he will
soon see that it does not pay to have
his cattle standing out in the rain and
snow. He will build warmer barns and
take better care of his cattle in every
way. At this point he can easily be
persuaded to introduce into his system
a tank heater and other improvements
and try a balanced ration for his fine
young heifers. By doing this he will
learn that by proper feeding, milk will
be produced in much larger quantities
and far better quality than under his
old method of feeding. This method
need not necesarily cost more than the
other, but even if it does, the increase
in the milk supply will more than
make up for the increase in the cost Of
feed. For example: A man's cow
produced 200 pounds of butter-fat at 20
cents per pound. The feed costs $12.
This leaves $28. He feeds and cares
for his cows in the way that dairy
cows should be fed and cared for; they
produce 400 pjunds of butter-fat,
bringing in $80. The feed has cost
$35. Subtracting the cost of the feed
from the value of the bulter-fat, he has
left $4fi, making an increase of $17.
The care of the milk is another item
of great importance. The higher the
quality of the milk, the higher will be
the quality of the butter, the better
will be the price paid for it. The more
the creameryman gets for his butter,
the better price he can pay for butter
fat. This brings us to the COndttllon
that if the farmers would bring in a
better quality of milk they would re
ceive a higher price for their butter
fat. Therefore it is to the interest of
every creamery patron to endeavor to
bring in the best possible quality of
milk. No creameryman should bring
milk that is tainted or in any way be
low the standard, for a little of such
milk would ruin a whole churning of
butter. So, if the patron will bring
in milk of a poor quality he must
blame no one but himself if it is re
turned to him.
By thus working together and look
ing out for one another's interests thi
creameryman and his patrons will see
a marked increase in the good feeling
between them, and at the same time
they will be putting money into each
DON'T BE INTELLECTUALLY
Recently a creameryman dropped
the remark that he did not care to ex
plain the workings of the Babcock test
to his patrons for the reason that the
more the patrons learn the more they
kick. A young man just graduated
from a certain dairy school and em
ployed as butter-maker in a large
creamery, was asked by his company
to assist as co-worker in learning the
buttermaker's trade. He did not re
fuse, but he very reluctantly imparted
any information. A litue later he
made, the remark that he would give
the information desired for $25 or $30.
These two illustrations describe the
kind of selfishness that exists among
those that ought to know better. Help
ing others enlarges a man's intellectu
al vision. The questions, answers and
discussion that will invariably arise,
under such circumstances, will bring
out new points to both parties; it will
bring forward new problems to be
solved at spare moments, and it will
produce a general good feeling that is
not to be compared to silver or gold.
It will more than likely mean promo
This meeting together for mutual
benefit among the farmers and dairy
men is a phase of agricultural life that
needs greater development. Much is
being done at the present time along
this line in the way of farmers' insti
tutes, grange meetings, farmers' clubs,
c.c, but even in this work we rub up
against men who say that they know
all there is to be known about farming.
They ridicule the idea of agricultural
papers, reports or colleges; they say
that they have no time for such trash
as this. What a pity that all men who
"know it all" (?) should be so selfish
that they are not willing to impart the
information to others who are in nead.
The fact of the matter is, we need to
sperd more time in farming with our
brains and possibly a little less time
with our muscle. Mr. Aaron Jones,
Master of the National Grange, made a
n mark during a series of grange insti
tutes, that he was attending last July,
that if a young man starting out on
a farm who expected to work ten hours
a day would put in seven and a half
bOUfV posting himself and studying
the problems ajong agricultural lints,
he had no question but what he would
be several hundred dollars better off
at the age of fifty than he would be
if he spent his whole ten hours in the
field or barn. Times are rapidly
.MIIAHMII IT FINISHES the heaves.
I Timo was, about fifteen years afro, when heaves were thought incurable. Not
■ ■■ I W IWJ —A so any more. The famous old Prussian veterinarian Rot to the
_^B _I W M •\" M mmi bottom of the matter. His formula is embodied in
Wffil'jAl PRUSSIAN HEAVE POWDERS.
Mlil *M "^ >T* M Unequalled for Coughs, Pink Kyi', Epizootic, Distemper, etc. Head this:
OentlwTenl-1 b«n uilnj th. Pru.iUn llovp I'nwilrri the put el«ht month., »nd in tb.t tlm. h»T« cur.,l 11 hom»i of ham, 14 of dlitam-
Wr^ndT'f^rnn" co.X lour Pnu.Un IU.n«ll« h«. panl. r.»t Mput.tion In thl. ..ction. KBftEST !.EI!N<Ki. N.w.rk. N. V.
sO«nt.;i«Btb,ia«ll,BOo. F;r.t .ppl to jour d«l.r. If h. do« not h»». It, writ. v.. Writ, ttjhow for our f«. book of «8 p^M.
_ -I—- » — » PRUSSIAN REMEDY CO., St. Paul, Minn. __—J
Portland Seed Co., Portland, Or., Coast Agent.
SHIP YOUR CREAM TO US!
Commence shipping your cream to the best market in
the West. We guarantee to get you more for your cream
than you can get at home, and make weekly spot cash pay
ments. One shipment will convince you of this fact. Add
your name to our long and growing list o fsatisfied shippers.
We refer you to any bank in Seattle.
The MEADOWBROOK CO.
At the Capital City, Victoria, October 7, 8, 9, 10, 11.
OPEN TO THE WORLD.
The Only Fair West of the Mountains Visited by Their Royal
Highnesses, the Prince and Princess of Wales.
LARGEST CASH PRIZE LIST EVER OFFERED IN THE
JUDGES FURNISHED BY THE DOMINION DEPARTMENT
Live Stock, Agricultural, Horticultural, Mineral, Industrial and
Horse Racing and Other Sports.
AQUARIUM OF LIVE FISH.
The Only One ever Opened in British Columbia
Exhibits Delivered in Unbroken Cars in Victoria.
Horses and Stock for Exhibition Purposes can be Bonded in Free.
Entries for Exhibits Close September 29th, for Horse Races,
For Prize Lists and Information, Apply
BEAUMONT BOGGS, Genl. Secty., Victoria, B. C.
DAIRYMEN, ATTENTION tr otthmsup.rior
None other genuine. Excels all other cow feeds, with no excep
tion in the largest flow of milk by actual tests. Wiite for prices
SEATTLE CEREAL COMPANY, Seattle.