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CONTAGIOUS KERATITIS IN CAT
S. B. Nelson, D. V. M., State Experi
The Veterinary Department has re
ceived during the past few weeks nu
merous reports from Douglas, Lincoln,
Whitman and Walla Walla counties,
relative to a peculiar disease affecting
the eyes of cattle, in some cases the
affection being so serious that it re
sulted in the destruction of the eye
Investigations made to determine
the nature of the disease show it to
be identical with contagious keratitis
—contagious opthalmia—which has
been observed in the middle Eastern
states for some years past.
The first symptoms noticed is a
swelling of the eyelids and a flow uf
tears over the face. The animal will
also try to rub the eye on some ob
ject, generally its front leg, showing
the presence of an irritation or itch
ing. These premonitory symptoms are
followed by a true inflammation of the
Upon a close examination of the eye
it la seen that the disease has its be
ginning in or near the center of the
cornea, or clear part of the eye. Near
the center of the cornea there is found
a small blister projecting slightly from
the rest of the eye. A little later this
blister breaks, discharging its con
tents, and forms a ragged-edged ulcer.
Toward this ulcer the blood-vessels
radiate, giving a very characteristic
appearance to the eye. As the disease
continues, the front of the cornea be
comes opaque —having a scum over it,
due to the dying and passing off of
the outer layers of the cells forming
the cornea. If the disease assumes
a light form, the ulcer heals, leaving
a scar that is hardly noticeable after
the eye has cleared. However, if it
should be a clear attack, the ulcer
may slough through the cornea and
cause the destruction of the eye.
The period of incubation, the period
that the disease is in the animal's
system without the symptoms being
visible, is probably from three to
seven days. The full course of kera
titis is from three to six weeks, de
pending on the severity of the attack.
All cattle, both young and old, are
subject to it.
Isolation, the separation of the dis
eased animal from the well ones, is
of great importance, and should be
practiced whenever it is practicable.
Treatment has proven quite satis
factory. If possible, the affected ani
mal should be placed in the dark, as
the light is often painful to the eyes.
We would recommend the following
treatment out of the many that have
come under our observation:
Drop into the eye two or three times
er*>ry day, morning, noon and night,
a few drops of the following eye
Zinc sulphate one grain.
Morphine sulphate three grains.
Water one ounce.
This wash is slightly astringent and
also allays the pain.
Or the following may be used:
Boracic acid fifteen grains.
Morphine sulphate ... .three grains.
Water one ounce.
If the ulcer refuses to heal, it may
be stimulated by touching it with a
solution of silver nitrate, five grains,
to one ounce of water.
The opacity of the eye will gradu
ally disappear, but it can be materially
hastened by the use of three grains
potassium iodide to the ounce of water
dropped into the eye two or three
To put the medicine into the eye,
use a small eye dropper. Place the
hand that holds the dropper firmly
against the head of the animal, sd that
the hand will follow all of its move
ments and so prevent any accident
of injuring the eye with the dropper.
The medicine should always be put
in at the outer angle of the eye, as
the lids commence to close at this
angle and will, therefore, force th-3
fluid over the surface of the eye.
This is probably the first time that
this disease has been observed in our
VALUE OF A HERD.
Casual observers at a show ringside
fail to comprehend the immense value
of the breeding cattle display, or the
patience, skill and expenditure need
ed to acquire one of the crack outfits.
Rosegay, the Angus bull that died in
Milwaukee a few days ago, would
have brought $10,000, if not more, at
a forced sale. The Gardner show herd
of which he was the head, is worth
probably five times that sum. Yet,
as many equally valuab.e herds of
the several breeds can be enumerated
on one's fingers, and at a great dis
play, such as the Chicago Internation
al, millions of dollars are represented
by the stock displayed in the ring.
The uninitiated, accustomed to re
gard one beast as the equal of anoth
er, are likely to be startled when ac
quainted with the facts.
GOOD OPINION OF PRUSSIAN
An lowa farmer writes that at one
time and another he has tried nearly
everything on the market for curing
the heaves, but with indifferent re
sults until he began the use of Prus
sian Heave Powders. Now he thinks
he has found just about "the thing for
the horse man to tie to." That is the
ruling opinion of about every one who
has ever tried Russian Heave Powders.
It is advertised elsewhere in our col
umns over the signature of the man
ufacturers, the Prussian Remedy Co.,
of St. Paul, Minn. Look up the adver
tisement and write the company, men
tioning this paper.
Looking for Herefords? See the ad-
vertisement of Conrad & Sons, La
Grande, Ore., announcing special sale
Prof. Shaw says: "It is estimated
that sheep will eat 576 out of the 600
weeds and grasses in the northwest,
while horses consume but 82 and cat
tle only 56. The fact is, sheep prefer
many kinds of weeds to grasses, and
weedy fields and horse pastures are
improved by turning a small flock of
sheep into them."
We offer One Hundred Dollars Reward
tor any case of Catarrh that cannot be
cured by Hall's Catarrh Cure.
P. J. CHI^nEY & CO., Toledo, O.
We, the undersigned, have known P. J.
Cheney for the last 15 years, and believe
him perfectly honorable in all business
transactions and financially able to carry
out any obligations made by their firm.
West & Tkuax, Wholesale Druggists, To
Walding, Kinnan & Mauvin, Wholesale
, Druggists, Toledo, O.
Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally,
acting directly upon the blood and mucous
surfaces of the system. Price 75c. per
bottle. Sold by all Druggists. Testimo
Hairs Family Plllc art the beat.
GILBERT HUNT FEED MILL.
jjpjw This roll has no equal in the mar"
tWPfi&i ket as a lcc<l crusher.- Tll° mills
llMlaK§l aro complete, all ready to holt .up
fp|»*llg£s an(l 8° to work. The rolls and shaft
BtiU&sßS& ing are very lieay y> an(l tll° I)ear'
mssUwwfim ings heavy an(l long,, insuring cool
> JR¥ "*g"-> running journals. Tin; rolls aro
J§j^®^^vf'|): JiiSlhll'GT slightly corrugated to make them
/slljVKifc!!, t^lsEM*® *'OC(* l)n)l)er'y» but not enough to
■Kn^T*™' t» _JrU^ grind the grain fine, as is the case
■?- ""Ifl H lu^^HS Iml spring contact on rolls is very eas
>fflffj'l 118 fa If P\\ able hopper feed and absolute force
*' V U 111 I I■•\\ feed over the rolls. We make them
Iv llpl—klm 1 i\\ in a numi3er of different styles, suit
l!j-"ijTm^ttt--- ILJfeW ''<• to a'l requirements, and having a
(«i||g§|||i||Sfi|^^ ' capacity of from ten tons to fifty
~--^^^^B^ WALLA'WALLA, WASH.
All Sizes. Not the Cheapest, but Lowest Priced. The Best ;
Mills ever put on the Market. Write for Prices.
Cartey Bros. s Col fax, Wash.
/|^^H|HB Registered §
J||nHHHL Herefords.. I
■^H3fPl»Hßtef4»w6^SKnß^^^BM Original Stock Imp. from England; herd
■jD nU headed b Mack Alamo.
"^BgJ/B^^KggS^lJ&F ...THE SPRINQDALE STOCK FARM...
A. J. SPLAWN, Proprietor, NORTH YAKIMA, WASH
LADD'S HAZEL-FERN FARM
A. J. C. C. Jerseys. A. G. C. C. Guernseys. Reg. Berkshire Swine.
The only deep milking strain of COMBINATION blood on the Pacific Coast, headed
by Chief Engineer (47147), who carries all the blood elements of Brown Bessie and
Our Guernseys were selected from the best milkfng strains In the United States.
Our Berkshires were selected for breeding and Individuality and contain the blood
of Cherry Blossom, Longfellow and Lee st rains. We can assure buyers of quality, the
best of breeding and satisfaction. We lnvlt c correspondence and personal inspection.
F. E. M'ELDOWNEY, Supt., Portland, Ore.
OAK HILL STOCK FARM
■ Property of CHAS. E. LADD, Breeder Ij
Shorthorn Cattle, Shropshire
Cotswold and Southdown Sheep
All stock registered with the best of breeding aud Ind'vldual merit. Young ;»tocli
stock for sale. FRANK BROWN, Mgr., North Yamhlll, Oh.
Old Process Oil Cake Mea,
Experienced feeders pronounce it to be the best and most profitable for Milch Cows. Beef Oatk?
Horses, Sheep, Hogs, Kowls, etc. Keeps stock in a healthy condition and makes palatable- meats. j
you have one horse or cow, or a dozen, they should not be without Oil Meal. Oil Meal Cake is sold by
all dealers in hay, grain, flour aud seeds. Correspondence solicited. - ~
PORTLAND LINSEED OIL WORKS
Marcus Simpson, Mgr. ' Sherlock Aye., near Nicolai St., Portland, Oregon
HAZELWOOD COMPANY, Ltd. V
Breaders and Importers of .' '
HOLSTEIN, GUERNSEY AND JERSEY^CALTLE
POLAND CHINA SWINE
We have some fine young Poland China sows for sale. All stock registered and from the b«»'
blood in the United States.
Southdowns <«" <*<*
m m U " number of he/d
ofyoung sheep of this popular breed. J. T. Wilkinson Chilllwack. B.C.