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With which la consolidated
\Uf Washington Farmer,
The ductile Coast Dairyman,
The Farmer and Dairymau,
The Farmer and Turfman.
Official organ of the State Dairymen's Associa
tion and the State Live Stock Breeders' Associa
MILLER FREEMAN, - Editor and M anager.
Editorial OlUces: - - - Seattle, Wash.
Tel. Main 1266—Long Distance Connection.
Seattle - - Metropolitan Blag.,
Cor. Third and Main Sts.
Spokane - Alexander & Co., 521 First Aye.
Subscription (In advance) f 1.00 per year.
Agents wanted in every town to solicit subscrip
tions. Uood commission and salaries paid.
The paper Is sent to each subscriber until an or
der to discontinue Is received from the subscriber.
We must be notified In writing, by letter or postal
card when a subscriber wishes his paper stopped.
Returning the paper will not answer, as we cannot
H-ad It on our list from the name alone on the pa
ner. We must have both name and address, and
ell arrearages or dues must be paid as required by
' "STate of expiration of subscription is shown on
your paper byaddreßS label containing your name
Failing to receive the paper regularly you should
notify the Seattle office at once, when mistakes,
if any, will be corrected. __„„.„„„
Address all communications to THE RANCH,
104 W. Washington St., Seattle Washington.
New Westminster ..Sept. 30 to Oct 4
Victoria Oct 7 to 11
Spokane Oct 6 to 14
Lewiston Oct 13 to 18
Boise Oct 20 to 25
The King County Fair Association
is planning to run a full-fledged fair
next year. That organization has
splendid quarters convenient to Se
attle, and will no doubt get up a big
show. They should have some outside
aid, and although we do not think the
state would make an appropriation,
King county could well afford to con
tribute $5,000 to be offered as premi
ums for agricultural and live stock ex
hibits. That sum hung up as premi
ums would make a really great fair.
Herds of live stock from all parts of
the West would enter, and we don't
know but what we could, in a few sea
sons, outstrip Salem as the best show
on the coast.
Attacks on the last federal live stock
census are coming in from all quar
ters. That it was wholly erroneous
and unreliable appears to be the gen
The trouble with the federal census
is that the task of enumeration is
turned over to a lot of politicians,
whose only interest in the work is to
make as much money with as little
trouble as possible. Much of it is pure
guess work and its unreliability is
Better than a faulty census would
be none at all.
For the first time in the history of
the Washington state fair the space
in the exposition buildings will be in
sufficient for the exhibits. The ma
chinery hall will be overflowing, and
special provision will have to be made
to take care of the extra exhibits.
The Yearbook's the thing! We still
have some left and can send any good
subscriber a copy free. Nearly 900
pages of the best information on all
departments of agriculture. There
are many fine pictures, some of them
in colors. Send to The Ranch at once
B. C. FRUIT INSPECTION.
The esteemed New Westminster, B.
C. Columbian takes exception to the
charge made by the San Francisco
Chronicle that the aim of fruit inspec
tion by provincial officers is to ex
clude fruit from the United States
The Chronicle says:
"It Is safe to say that the extraordinary
vigilance of the fruit inspectors at Van
couver and other British Columbian ports
to detect and condemn shipments of "in
fested" fruit from this state is merely a
device to preserve the local markets for
local fruits. A dispatch printed Monday
stated that five shipments of pears from
this state had been condemned and cremated
at Vancouver. It is. of course, possible
that the shipments in question were really
"wormy," but in view of the experiences
of our shippers, and their knowledge of the
rigid inspection system enforced, we do not
believe it. Wherever the apple or the pear
grows In this country or in Kurope there
will be found the codling moth. Trees
planted in some secluded valley may escape
for a few years, but the moth soon finds
"There is no prospect of exterminating
this pest of seed fruit. The numbers may
be diminished by spraying and banding the
trees, but enough always escape to com
pel a renewal of the fight. It Is not possible
for anyone to ship apples or pears with the
certainty that they will be absolutely free
from coddling moth. The traces left by
the minute worm are entirely obliterated
as the fruit grows. When it is picked the
worm may not have emerged, and the fruit
may appear perfect, and yet, when it is
boxed, the worm will find its way out. The
most that any grower or any shipper can do
Is, therefore, to pack no fruit which shows
any signs of worms when packed, and even
that is not always a guarantee. This is
true of the British Columbian fruit as well
as of our own. To condemn a whole con
signment on the discovery of a few wormy
specimens is simply to prohibit Importation,
which, as a rule, is the real object of local
fruit Inspection. It Is probably the object
In British Columbia. Where there are no
local fruit interests to be protected, fruit
inspection. If it exists at all, Is a farce.
Fruit really "infested" with worms should
not be sent to market, and if sent should
be condemned. It is not worth anything.
To make the discovery of one or two stray
worms the cause of condemning the entire
consignment Is but a manifestation of com
mon selfishness In a disagreeable and un
With all due respect to the Colum
bian, we think the Chronicle is about
right. Fruit inspection in so far as
exclusion of pests goes is a farce, and
a failure, and should be so recognized.
We have evoluted through the pro
cess in this state. A few years ago
our fruit growers were terrorized by
the wild and lurid prophecyings of
a lot of pseudo-professors, forecasting
ruin and disaster wherever the insect
pests were introduced. So we got leg
islative enactments and appropria
tions with horticultural commissioners
and fruit inspectors on every corner,
and yet the pests took up their abode
in all parts of the state. The of
ficers were reasonably vigilant and
industrious. The valiant fight made
by Prof. W. H. Brown, inspector for
Seattle and King county, will go down
into history. Attack after attack was
made by him on the "pestiferous in
sects." in the daily papers (accompa
nied by his photo), and all to no avail.
We have the pests, and they promise
to remain permanently. At the ports
of Puget Sound the only use to which
the inspection law can be profitably
put is to relieve our markets in times
of congestion. The plan's so simple
we wonder it wasn't thought of long
ago. Just call the inspector's atten
tion to the infected fruit from Cali
fornia and Oregon; and off it goes to
the dump. In this state our law is
so sweeping that the inspector can
dump a carload of goods if he finds
"one of two stray worms," and
The Ranch knows that some of the
California fruit has gone that way.
The editor has seen the inspector do
Advertise pure-bred stock in the
BETTER LOOK OUT.
Boarding house keepers and hotel
men will still use oleo, buying the
coloring matter and working the stuff
over to suit the taste of their board
ers. For ordinary family consump
tion this plan will not work. —Chel-
sea, Mich., Standard.
The Standard ought to warn those
boarding house keepers that they
render themselves liable to a $1,000
fine, besides a manufacturer's license
and 10 cents per pound tax. —N. Y.
NOT A "RUBE."
Far from looking down upon the
farmer as a "Rube," regard him as an
expert in most of the practical things
of life—more especially mechanical
things. You can tell the city man that
a camera operates by a simple pres
sure of a button. He will leave the
"rest" to you. As a rule he knows
nothing whatever of mechanics —
couldn't wield a hammer with any pre
cision, couldn't comprehend a tech
nical description or a diagram if you
gave him one, and doesn't care to, or
dinarily. Make the camera practical;
that is all he asks. When it is out of
gear he takes it to the repair shop
around the corner. But the farmer
wants to know all about the process
of making a picture, and all about the
mechanism that accomplishes the feat.
He has a mechanical sense that is ut
terly lacking in city folks. Things
must be advertised largely from the
mechanical side, and very little can be
left to you. That is why the meanin??
less diagrams of cogs, wheels, levers
and working parts of agricultural ma
chinery bring results in farm journals.
TOO MUCH THINKING.
A high salaried professor in a noted
Chicago university arises to remark
that he believes the planet Mars is in
habited by a race of people of super
ior intelligence to those on earth.
College professors of this brand do
the world little good. Their "thinks"
are not worth a dollar per ton. Peer
ing through a telescope at a bright
red planet is productive of absolute
ly nothing but conjecture. The pro
fessor in this case, it will be noted,
adds with a touch of naive, "of course,
this can never be established pos
Better by far ascertain how to de
stroy a fungus growth, threatening
crops or to increase the yield of grain
than to speculate on the age or gen
eral health of the man in the moon.
The alleged scientist is far too nu
merous and receives more than his
share of popular attention. He is es
W. D. Hoard says: "We have often
heard social and political speakers
wonder why the farmers could not be
brought to co-operate together the same
as other classes in society do. The
reason for this lack of agreement and
co-operation, in our opinion, has been
because the farmers have never really
learned to do business with one an
other as have the business classes.
When in the course of social evolu
tion they have learned that art, then
they will be ready for larger co-oper
ative work. We think the co-operative
creamery and the co-operative tele
phone are helping greatly to hasten
the dawn of a more general co-opera
tion among farmers of all classes.
There is a very serious need of such
co-operation in the matter of putting
and Bfy nS
and W\S~ ''il
1 II). 25 rents. NLIJJ* INI! ' "^Sjlllfj
A modern and up-to-date comblnatlo*
which is more wholesome than the bakln>
powder trusts' cream of tartar product.
ASK YOUR GROCER
down all adulteration and counterfeit
ing of food. Such nefarious work
strikes a deau.y blow at the basic right
of the farmer to furnish the food of
the nation, and is at the same time
just as" deadly a blow at the health
and commercial rights of the con
The wife of Prof. B. E. Elliott, agri
culturist of the State Experiment Sta
tion, died last week.
The Braddick-Keating Co., Portland,
dealers in creamery supplies, have
furnished F. M. Kanpisch, Chehalis,
with a complete new creamery equip
ment to replace the one recently des
troyed by fire. This will be the finest
equipment of any creamery in that
part of the state.
"How to Build Small Irrigation
Ditches," is the title of a fine little
bulletin just published. Another is
the "Propagation of Plants." You can
get either or both of these valuable
bulletins by writing to the U. S. De
partment of Agriculture, Washington,
There is no false bottom to this time
of prosperity. We have had six years
of good times, and the farmers, the
merchants, and the workingmen are
all on firm ground. Earning capacity
has increased and the success of the
crops has made dividends certain. —
James R. Keene.
Married, near Cornwall, Miss Jane
Week to Mr. Albert Day.
"A Day is gained,
A Week is lost —
But time cannot complain;
For soon there will
Be Days enough
To make a week again."
What we had to say in our last is
sue about the shortsightedness of the
food and dairy commissioners who are
working to get a national pure food
law passed, does not apply to the
Oregon commissioner. Mr. Bailey is
looking forward to the time when
he will be national food commissioner.
He says he already has the whole
coast lined up for him, and thinks it
likely he will land the position. He
is earnest, conscientious and ener
getic, and we hope his ambition will
W. C. Stayt has about completed
the organization of an irrigation com
pany. Although he is not ready to an
nounce the field of the company's ope
rations, he intimates that it will be as
large or larger than the Sunnyside.
Eastern capital is behind the enter