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BALMERS PLAIN FRUIT TALK.
Editor The Ranch:
Dear Sir: —In making a few notes
on the apples exhibited at the late In
terstate fair at Spokane one condition
is very observable viz., the difference
in size, color, and condition of ripeness
In the apples from the low altitudes
and those grown on higher grounds.
The upland apple grower is at a great
disadvantage when pitted against the
man from the lower and warmer val
leys. This would not be the case were
the fairs held sometime after the holi
days; then the upland fruit would
show at its best. It is obvious it the
Interstate fair promoters desire to
keep up the interest of all the growers
it will be necessary to make two
classes, one for the upland grower and
one for the man from the valleys. The
dividing line ought to be somewhere
between 1200 and 1500 feet above sea
The apples exhibited this years were
not in such great quantities as here
tofore, but were of the finest quality.
Probably the finest and cleanest fruits
were those from Prosser, on the Yaki
ma. Pity they were not correctly labl
ed, and shown to the best advantage.
The plate exhibit in apples was very
good, and quite fully represented.
Alexander was in good shape, one or
two plates being exceptionally fine.
Arkansas (syn. Mammoth Black-twig,
Paragon, Arkansas black, etc) —was in
a bad mix. There is need of pomo
logical education here. Arkansas is
a fine dark red apple, and one of the
most useful for large plantings in our
state. Baldwin is shows seldomer
than formerly. Baldwin is not a great
success east of the mountains, west of
the Cascades it is of more value. Ben
Davis was here in all his glory. Ben
is indispensable. Beitigheimer is a
show apple, but that is about the only
place it would be missed. Blue Pear
main was shown in good shape. A
useful fall and early winter apple.
Esopus (Spitzenberg) was well rep
resented with about a dozen plates.
A valuable apple where it succeeds,
but not generally profitable, owing to
its paucity. Fall Pippin is always
more or less confounded with Gloria
Mundi. The two have much res
emblance. Fameuse, a fine little apple
and holds its own well amongst its
big neighbors and is always shown in
goodly quantities. Gano has come to
the west to stay. It is a fine fruit on
hill or valley lands, and a good keeper
and shipper. Gravenstein, pretty ripe,
held the boards as of old. Jonathan
becomes more and more popular from
year to year. It is a good variety to
tie to. King was in good condition,
and is very desirable for market be
fore the holidays. Lawyer was shown
in goodly numbers, but will not be at
its best for six months to come.
Maiden Blush always looks pretty on
the plates, and cannot yet be spared
from our orchards. Yellow Newton is
always one of the fullest exhibits, but
why people on the higher lands con
tinue to plant it is a puzzle. This ap
ple needs a warm valley and a long
season to bring out its qualities.
Northern Spy, unshapely, a poor keep
er and shipper, slow to come in bear
ing, and a bad habited tree, might well
be dropped from lists of trees to
plant in the northwest. Palouse, a
Whitman county seedling, introduced
by Geo. Ruedy, Colfax, is a fall apple,
and of very good quality. Fine for
family orchards. Rhode Island is not
the apple in the west that it is jn the
east. It is a poor keeper here and the
quality is not firstrate. Rome Beauty
is one of our very best commercial ap
ples; does well on the high lands, or in
the low valleys, is showy, and a fine
keeper and seller; ought to be largely
planted for market. Wagener, is a
Northern Spy type of apple, but a
more valuable appley than Spy for the
northwest. Its place, owing to its
precocity, is as a filler in newly plant
ed orchards. Not a bad apple. Waxen,
not much grown east of the mountains,
but valuable west of the Cascades.
Winesap, always well shown. A good
small to medium apple, and popular
with those who like an acid apple.
Wolf River is the "Bluffer" amongst
apples. Wealthy, a showy, valuable
fall apple, a good seller and profitable.
York Imperial, shown in small quan
tities, is a popular eastern variety, but
will succeed in the west only in the
warmer valleys; it requires a long
season to mature it.
The new (?) apples introduced by
the Louisiana Nursery Co. are begin
ning to be seen on the show benches,
but the less said about them the bet
ter. Black Ben Davis is the best of
them, and is, I believe, distinct from
Gano, and a better apple. Apple of
Commerce, and several others intro
duced by this firm have little to rec
ommend them. The fruit, as grown in
the vicinity of Spokane is very in
No new apples of local origin were
shown this season.
J. A. BALMER.
Dairy farmers of the irrigated dis
tricts are interested in the following
query and its answer, which appeared
in the Breeders' Gazette:
R. E. 8., writes: "I am feeding the
following ration to dairy cows: Al
falfa hay, 10; sorghum fodder, 20;
wheat bran, 3, and cottonseed meal, 2
pounds per head daily. My desire
is to get a good balanced ration as
well as the cheapest. Where can I im
prove upon this?"
If our correspondent will do a little
figuring, using the feeding tables, he
will find that his ration corresponds
very closely to the Wolff standard, and
this true, it should be found satisfac
tory. On the whole, no improvement
need be attempted. It will be noticed
that a very limited quantity of grain
is fed, only five pounds daily. Read
ers not familiar with the situation
should remember that the protein re
quirements of the ration are about
half met in this case from the alfalfa
hay, which supplies over one pound of
Here is where alfalfa is a great help
to the dairyman. The finer parts of
good alfalfa hay are just about as rich
in protein as is wheat brain. Farm
ers in several parts of our country are
gradually coming to learn that when
they are in need of protein for their
cattle it is a good deal cheaper to raise
alfalfa and cure it into good hay than
to patronize the millers in the pur
chse of bran. Bran is an excellent
feeder for dairy cows, but we must
not depend upon it entirely lest the
prices of it soar far above our abili-'
ties to purchase. The alfalfa plan is
indeed a blessed one on any farm that
will grow it. Let every one study this
agricultural marvel in order that it
may bless his lands and his live stock,
and help replenish his pocketbood if
the plant can be grown.
W. A. HENRY,
A man who dares to waste an hour
of time has not learned the value of
life. —Charles Darwin.
•■"■■ Pl Take the Short Gut to Best Results
fr —R==^yyL==i4l in feeding of all kinds of live stock, either for growth
[I °prsss7anD[ LJI and rapid development, putting on fat, or increasing
W^£j°yvrooD|--'^ milk, etc. by feeding
I I^SSfe 1 Prussian Stock Food.
. fCisvL It not only increases the product thereby reducing the first cost, but
li^HlS^Sa^^M it wards off disease and keeps the animals in a more thrifty and
■ I Itti^HStfjßiy houltliv condition. As a general proposition read what it has done
for this man.
Gentlemkn:—l have fed Prussian Stock Food to my horses and obtained splendid
results. The improvement in condition and spirits was remarkable. My milk in
creased IB per cent by factory weight on this food during the dry weather. I heartily
endorse its we. . A. L. Smith, Dundee, Mich.
Ask your dealer for it. If no agent in your town, write us for special terms, etc. We mail
68-Page Book on Stock Feeding Free.
PRUSSIAN REMEDY COMPANY, ST. PAUL, MINN.
Portland Seed Co., Portland, Or., Coast Agent.
SHIP YOUR CREAM TO US)
Commence shipping your cream to the best market in
the West. We guarantee to get you more for your cream
than you can get at home, and make weekly spot cash pay
ments. One shipment will convince you of this fact. Add
your name to our long and growing list o fsatisfied shippers.
We refer you to any bank in Seattle.
The MEADOWBROOK CO.
THE HAZELWOOD CO.,
Have exclusive agency for all Eastern Washington, including
Yakima and Kittitas counties, also for the states of Idaho and Oregon.
Improved U. S. Separators
DAIRYMEN, ATTENTION *• our Exclusive Manufacture
DAIRYMKH > A I f tIW I #€/#¥ of the Superior
None other genuine. Excels all other cow feeds, with no except
tion, in the largest flow of milk by actual tests. Wiite for pric.
SEA TTLE CEREAL COMPANY, Seattle.
COLD STORAGE. !
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WASHINGTON COLD S TORAGE WAREHOUSE.
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UNITED WAREHOUSE CO. SEATTLE.