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r tfE RANCh
with which is consolidated
I he Washington Farmer,
The Pacific Coast Dairyman,
The Farmer and Dairyman,
The Farmer and Turfman.
Official organ of the State Dairymen's Associa
tion and the Btate Live Stock Breeders' Associ
MILLER FREEMAN, - Editor and Manager.
Editorial Offices: - - - Seattle, Wash
Tel. Main 1265—Long Distance Connection.
Issued Ist and 15th of each month.
Seattle - Metropolitan Bldg.,
Cor. Third and Main Sts.
Spokane - Alexander & Co., 621 First Aye
Subscription (in advance) $1.00 per year.
Agents wanted in every town to solicit subscrip
tions. Good commission and salaries paid.
The paper is sent to each subscriber until an or
der to discontinue is received from the subscriber.
We must be notified In writing, by letter or postal
card, when a subscriber wishes his paper stopped.
Returning the paper will not answer, as we cannot
Utid It on our list from the name alone on the pa
per. We must have both name and address, and
all arrearages or dues must be paid as required by
Dae of expiration of subscription Is shown on
your paper by address label containingyour name
Failing to receive the paper regularly you should
notify the Seattle office at once, when mistakes,
If any, will be corrected.
Address all communications to THE RANCH,
Metropolitan Bldg, Seattle Washington.
T. L. Haecker, who will deliver sev
eral addresses at the next annual state
dairymen's convention, is the professor
of husbandry of the Minnesota agricul
tural college. He has a national repu
tation as a specialist in dairying.
. The next annual convention of the
State Dairymen's Association will be
worthy of a large attendance of dairy
men. It will be held during January at
Kent, and the exact date of the meet
ing will be announced in our next is
The country storekeepers do not like
rural mail delivery, because the farm
ers who used to come for their mail, and
incidentally bought things at the store,
now stay at home, and let the mail
carrier buy for them such things as
they cannot do without. If free rural
delivery has done away with the de
bating societies that used to hold forth
at the corner groceries, some one
should rear a monument to it com
posed of the unwhittled store boxes
that must be accumulating throughout
The company at Highland, 111. man
ufacturingpthe "Economy" brand of
condensed milk, recently sent broad
cast to the citizens of Seattle a cir
cular letter which contained a most
serious charge against a local con
densed milk company. This circu
According to a statement ueceutly pub
lished by the Oregon state chemist, a com
pany in the State of Washington is taking a
part of the butter fat out of the milk used
and furnishing merely Its lean parts in the
ran, and the manufacturers have never
denied this accusation.
A copy of this circular reached Col.
Alden J. Blethen, editor-in-chief of
the Seattle Daily Times, who thereup
on wrote a strong editorial, which
appeared in the issue of that paper of
Nov. 23rd. He expressed himself
with vigor on this stTbject as follows:
If this charge has even the semblance
of truth it ought to be ferreted out and
made unpopular by prosecuting the persons
engaged in the offensive business.
Naturally enough, "the Oregon chemist"
gives no names and therefore The Times
cannot warn the public against the parties
carrying on this adulteration, but It can
expose the fact if the statement be true,
and that is the object of this publication.
Now the only institution of the
sort in the state of Washington is the
Pacific Coast Condensed Milk Com
pany, which puts up the "Carnation
Cream" brand. The object of the
Highland concern, of course, is to
create the impression that the Kent
Company is selling a doctored pro
duct, and thereby prejudice people
against the Carnation brand. Such
tactics are not resorted to against a
competitor by reputable firms.
The Ranch does not believe that the
Carnation Company removes any but
ter fat from the milk. It does prac
tice a deception however, in calling
the product "Carnation Cream," for it
contains only six or seven per cent of
butter fat, whereas condensed cream
should show from 50 to 75 per cent
butter fat. The process of the Car
nation Company is not given out, and
we are not acquainted with the par
ticular details of its preparation, but
in a general way the method followed,
is to purchase whole milk from the
dairymen, which contains an average
of 4 per cent butter fat. It is reduced
by condensation and by other manip
ulation until it is as thick or thicker
than cream. As it is very poor cream
that does not test at least 20 per
cent butter fat, it will be seen that
this product is not all that it seems,
(and this is where the profit lies.)
The Pacific Coast Condensed Milk
Company is a good and thriving in
dustry, it has a large factory at Kent,
and is putting in another at Forest
Grove, Ore. The company is making a
great deal of money out of the fa
They should be given all the sup
port possible by the people of the
Northwest if they are doing a square
business. If they are humbugging the
people the state dairy and tood com
missioner should prosecute the offi
cers according to law.
D. A. Brodie asserts that Angora
goats in Western Washington will net
from 35 to 50 per cent annually on the
investment. Read his article in an
The Trade Register, the organ of
the manufacturers and wholesalers,
When the farmers first began the agita
tion for class legislation against oleomar
garine, this journal held for equal justice
and urged the oleo factories to advertise
their product on its merits and not allow
It to he sold as butter. They would not
do ho, and to this fact may largely be as
cribed their great loss. We also asserted
that the class legislation sought by the
farmers would react as It deserved. This
has not come to pass, but it is coming, just
as sure as any other false legislation la
sure to be eventually disastrous to its pro
This dismal prophesy might be
taken more seriously if the Trade
Register would explain on what
grounds there is to be a reaction.
All the dairymen ask is that they
shall be protected against a pro
duct made in imitation of and in
tended to be sold as genuine butter.
The dairymen do not object to oleo
being sold as such.
The "class legislation" of which
our contemporary speaks, protects
the producer of a genuine product
against false competition. It pro
tects the consumer against the sub
stitution of a spurious compound.
If that Js class legislation, The
Ranch would like to see it extended
to every kind of food products. We
would really like to have a fair ex
planation from the Trade Register as
to wherein the oleomargarine law is
working an injustice.
The regents of the Washington State
Agricultural College will ask for $135,
--000 for maintenance fund for the next
Among the items which will be ask
ed for from the legislature will be ap
propriations for a small hospital to
cost from $1,500 to $2,500; the build
ing of a live stock pavilion, in which
to exhibit and judge stock, to cost from
$1,000 to $1,500; the completion of the
chemistry building, $4,000; miscellan
eous improvements, $2,500; rebuilding
the creamery, which was destroyed by
fire, $4,000; installing of additional
heating apparatus, $6,000.
The Pacific Coast Condensed Milk
Company is installing at Kent, in con
nection with its plant, a con
plete equipment for the manufacture
of Sanitas baby food, and expects to
use about 12,000 pounds of milk daily.
We give the tip to every one of our
readers in timber districts to write at
one to Congressman Cushman, Wash
ington, D. C. for a free copy of "The
Woodsman's Handbook" described in
The prices paid by the Borden Con
densed Milk Company for milk, as
given on another page, are considera
bly higher than paid by Pacific Coast
Condensery at Kent. The price rang
ed from $1 to $1.45 during the last
year. Either the Kent company is
giving the public more condensed milk
for the same amount, or it's making
more money proportionately than the
Dairy and Food Commissioner Mc-
Donald made an important seizure of
oleomargarine at Whatcom last week.
This is the first oleo case in this state
for a good while. The state of Wash
ington is not a very healthy field for
the oleo men.
The editor and family extend thanks
to friend H. M. Lichty, of Sunnyside,
for a fine Thanksgiving turkey.
De Witt C. Britt writes entertain
ingly of the Clelan country in this is
sue. That is"iT"rich and promising sec
tion, and we are glad to know that it
is getting ahead so well. The writer
is editor of the Chelan Leader, one of
our best and most interesting ex
changes, established 1891. The people
of Chelan should give Mr. Britt their
substantial support, and thereby show
their appreciation of his devoted ef
forts toward the upbuilding of that fa
Must Pull His Weight.
The first requisite of a good citizen
in this republic of ours is that he shall
be able and willing to pull his weight
—that he shall not be a mere passen
ger, but shall do his share in the work
tnat each generation of us finds ready
to hand; and, furthermore, that in do
ing his work he shall show not only
the capacity for sturdy self-help, but
self-respecting regard for the rights of
others. —Theodore Roosevelt.
Dedicated to Mr. Robertson, editor
of the Yakima Republic, by Senator
elect Jack Splawn.
Grandpa—"Willie, why do you study
grammar?" Willie —"So I can laugh
when people make mistakes." —De-
troit Free Press.
The State Grain Inspector places
the yield of wheat of this State at
\WX% p S Ij r i/y*
j 111^ fffil
1 II). -2r> cents. PfEL^"" * jjMfft)
A modern and up-to-date combinatloi
which is more wholesome than the bakin<
powder trusts' cream of tartar product.
ASK YOUR GROCER
J. C. Robinson, traveling representa
tive of the Empire Cream Separator
Company, spent last week in Seattle.
He has been making a tour of the
northwest states in the interest of his
company, and has established a chain
01 agencies in all the leading dairy
districts. He says the Empire Separa
tor Company will carry on a vigorous
campaign out here next season.
The advent of the separator is to
work a great change in the private
dairy, and every one interested should
read up on the matter. This machine
not only economizes labor, but the
work it does is of a far better nature
than it is possible to do by the old
A Magazine Thirty Years Old: —
The Christmas (December) number of
the Delineator is also the thirtieth an
niversary number. To do iustice to
this number, which for beauty and
utility touches the highest hark, it
would be necessary to print the en
tire list of contents. It is sufficient
to state that in it the best modern
writers and artists are generously
ously represented. The book contains
230 pages, with 34 full-page illustra
tions, ot which 20 are in two or more
colors. Tne magnitude of this Decem
ber number, for which 728 tons of
paper and six tons of ink have been
used, and may be understood from the
fact that 91 presses running 14 hours
a day, have been required to print it;
the binding alone of the edition of
915,000 copies representing over 20,
--000,000 sections, which had to be gath
ered individually by human hands.
AN ABIDING FAITH.
The Illinois Central Railroad Company
has an abiding faith in the future of the
great Northwest. A short time ago, this
was manifested by the establishment, in
Seattle, of an agency to take care of their
interests there. The latest effort is to put
on a splendidly equipped new train service
between St. Paul and Chicago. The new
trains will run Sunday, November 2nd. They
will use their own rails between Chicago
and Albert Lea, Minn., and the Mineapolls
& St. Louis liy. tracks from Albert Lea to
Minneapolis and St. Paul, running into the
Union Depot at St. Paul, which is the same
that is used by all lines in that city.
The train is to be known as "The Chicago,
St. Paul and Minneapolis Limited," and
will consist of sleeping car, buffet library
car and reclining chair car, through without
change between Chicago and Minneapolis
and St. Paul. Dining car service wll lalso
be maintained, supper being served out of
Chicago, and breakfast into Chicago. Trains
will leave St. Paul at 7 :10 p. m., and ar
rive in Chicago 9 :30 a. m. Leave Chicago
at 0:10 p. m., and arrive in St. Paul 8:40
a. m., making cuose connections at St. Paul
a. m., making close connections at St. Paul
chased via this line, In connection with
all western lines, at all stations.
For further information regarding rates,
routes, time, etc., call on or address, D. B.
Trumbull, Commercial Agent 111. Cent. It.
It, 142 Third St., Portland, Ore., or Paul
B. Thompson, Freight and Passenger Agent,
111. Cent. R. 11., Seattle, Wash.
Blanchard's Poultry Book 20
ots" Address The Rauch.