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BUTTER IN THE ORIENT.
Dairy Commissioner Bailey, of Ore
gon, is In receipt of the following in
tnesting letter from Hon. H. B. Miller.
V. S. Consul in China, regarding the
outlook in the Orient for Pacific coast
m. \v. Bailey,
"Dairy and Food Commissioner.
"Hear Sir: —Concerning the Orient,
1 beg to advise you that in the mar
kets for the dairy products there has
been a constant increase in the con
sumption of butter, both in China and
Japan. Butter and cheese to the
amount of 29S.<><)0 pounds were in
ported into China in 1901. This was
an increase of over 70 per cent, over
the previous year. The enlarged con
sumption of these articles indicates
a growth that will make the con
sumption of 1893 at least double the
"The increased passenger travel on
the Pacific ocean is also enlarging
the Pacific coast market for butter aiiu
cheese in a marked degree.
"The demand for butter and cheese
in Japan is also growing, and will
continue to increase. The most re
markable growth in both of these
countries in consumption of dairy
products, however, is condensed milk.
Butter is consumed largely by for
eigners. but the natives are taking a
fancy to tinned milk of the sweetened
kind, and it can be found in the
native stores as far as our cotton
goods penetrate, and much further
into the interior than our flour goes.
This milk is growing in favor be
cause it is being looked upon as a
medicine for the sick and health food
for children, and it is also believed
that it has power to revive vitality
and give the forces of youth to old
age. The growth of this sentiment
throughout both Japan and China is
so great that the supply of this sweet
ened milk is constantly far below the
"The extensive development of ir
rigation that is now coming into Ore
gon, the tremendous increase in the
production of the best milk-producing
plant, alfalfa, demand that steps be
taken by the people of this state to
enter the Oriental markets with milk,
butter and cheese.
"This country has better communi
cation by steamer, a better climate
and cooler waters to ship through,
and shorter time in reaching con
sumers than any of its competitors,
and there seems to be no reason why
it cannot command the trade. The
merchants of the Orient are anxious
to make connections with manufac
turers of these products here and
arrange for monthly shipments. An
agent established at Kobe, Japan,
who would make annual trips to the
principal places in Japan and China,
study the wants of the trade and
have the factions here conform to
their wants, could command the trade
and make it permanently tributary
to this coast.
"Very truly yours,
H. B. MILLER.
PICKING OUT A GOOD COW.
E. L. Vincent.
Some men have a knack of doing
thing! that puts everybody else to
shame. They will go into a herd, and
as soon as they look the stock over
say, "There is a good cow." Acting
on this suggestion one finds he has
not made a mistake. Mow the thing
v as done Js as much a mystery to us
M. J. SHIELDS & CO.
Growers and Importers of all kinds of
GRASS AND FIELD SEEDS.
Dry ground, deep-rooting grass seeds
that we will guarantee to grow on
ground that will not produce cereals or
any other kind of grass. Will make
crop of hay and pasture all seasons of
the year. Address,
M. J. SHIELDS & CO., Moscow, Idaho.
SUGAR PRUNE SCIONS
From bearing trees. Fine, thrifty growers.
Fruit very large. The best prune, ever in
troduced into this country. Apply to Orcas
Fruit Co., Fast Sound, Wn.
afterward as now. We only know that
this man's judgment has not failed
us. But few men are able to make
such a choice. Most of us, as the old
saying is, "don't know a good thing
when we see it" in the line of a cow.
But there are certain homely signs
which are helpful to the man who
sets out to find a cow for his dairy.
Some of these are as follows: The
cow ought to be of fairly good size,
so that she can eat a good ration.
She should have a large udder and
good-sized teats. Following the milk
vein along to the entrance to the body,
in a good cow we would expect to find
a hole large enough to take the second
finger readily. Some hold that the
vein itself should bo large and crooked.
The cow should have a thin neck
and a slender tail. She should be
wide between the hind less. She
should have a good, honest look in
the eyes. She should stand handling
well. When milked she should enjoy
the process if the milker be a good
hand at it. A couple of rudimentary
teats behind the four fully developed
ones are a good indication. If added
to this we know the owner of the cow
to be an honest man and he tells us
that the cow is a good one, if we can
agree on the price we may be reason
ably sure that we have gotten the
worth of our money. This matter of
picking out a good cow has proven so
unsatisfactory to a great many men
that they have come to the conclusion
that they can better afford to raise
their own cows from calfhood than to
trust their judgment to select them
from other herds. There is a satisfac
tion about this that goes a long way.
If the heifer should fail to turn out
well we cannot blame anyone but our
selves; whereas, if we trust the man
we buy of, and then our expectations
are not realized, we are quite inclined
to find fault and never fully trust the
neighbor as we did before. It is real
ly more of a job to pick out a good
farmer than a good cow. So many
men think when they sell a cow that
she is the very best of all in the lot,
when the fact is they are, for the time
being, sadly mistaken. Self-interest
is so strong. And after we have done
our best we may be deceived. If we
are, the best way is to get out of it
as well as we can. blaming no one,
and try to do better next time. —Farm
Be sure you are right—then sit
down and think it over. —Life.
Blanchard's Poultry Book 20
ots. Address Th« Ranch.
I ~~""%8_ 'NTS 1
|*J AT THE ■■
l| New York Dairymen's Ass'n Meeting, 3
|j| Jamestown, N. V., Dec. 9 12, 1902 H
M WON BY THE DIAMOND CREAMERY CO. ■
l|j ). 1,. HVDi: & S>)N', I'UDI'KIKTOKS, MASSKNA, N. Y. P^
■M Users of 13 No. 0 (largest size) U. S. SEPARATORS B
. Knoli out- replacing an Alpha ])t-Laval or Sharpies ■
M mi: U. S. HOLDS THE WORLD'S record V
Mm for clean skimming. In fact.it excels all others in mi many points it fljl
H STANDS IN A CLASS BY ITSELF l|f
B For Western trade we transfer our Separators from Chicago, Minneapolis an.l Omaha. ■
SB Addiess all letters to Bellows rails, \ t. HB
10 Write for descriptive catalogues vJA
V VERMONT FARM MACHINE CO., Bellows Falls, Vt. 19
For Sale on Any Reasonable Terms by
A. M. FERRELL, - Everett, Wash.
2511 Wot mart* Arm.
AGENT FOR WASHINGTON, NORTH OF SEATTLE.
THE HAZELWOOD CO.,
Have exclusive agency for all Eastern Washington, including
Vakima and Kittitas counties, also for the states of Idaho and Oregon.
Improved U.S. Separators
Newest and Best Equipment in the Northwest. Brick Buildings. Low
Insurance Rate. Wharf and Rail Con nections.
WASHINGTON COLD STORAGE WAREHOUSE.
Oriental Readman and Occidental rehouses. Oriental Dock.
30,000 Tons Capacity. "\A\ U. S. Bond and Free
UNITED WAREHOUSE CO. SEATTLE.
n m mvMrai t% "VrMTHMYMMUI to our Exclusive Manufacture
DAIRY MEN, ATTI ft/IW of thm Superior
None other genuine. Excels all other cow feeds, with no excep':
tion, in the largest flow of milk by actual tests. Wiite for price
SEATTLE CEREAL COMPANY, Seattle.
T 1 /Til and its Products $| Postpaid: Address
leSting milk, The Ranch, Seattle.