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How to Fertilize
Every farmer knows that plants
need food as much as cattle. He
knows that plants cannot get all the
food they need out of the ground
alone. He must suppl/ them with
certain foods himself, or they will not
thrive or bear their full yield of fruit.
Exactly as he supplies hay and oats
to his horse so he must supply nitro
gen and phosphate to his plants. He
may buy these in the open market
exactly as he does his hay or his
oats, or he can buy them in combi
nation in the form of a "complete fer
tilizer." There is no secret value in
the complete fertilizer, it is nothing
more nor less than the ingredients
combined and sold at a higher price
Nitrogen is by far the most expen
sive of plant foods, and it will pay the
farmer well to stop and think before
he buys it in this combination form.
The Best and Cheapest
The cheapest and most practical
form in which to furnish nitrogen to
plants is nitrate of soda. In the
rainless region of Chili are stored
away vast quantities of nitrogen in
what are known as nitrates —the only
form in which nitrogen can be utilized
by a plant. The nitrogen which exists
in organic matter, that is, roots,
stems, dead leaves, weeds, leather,
dried blood, etc., and also nitrogen
in the form of ammonia salts, must
first be changed to nitrate before U
can be taken up by plants. This
change is dependent upon conditions
of weather. If season is backward or
there be a prolonged drouth this
change may be so retarded as to de
prive the plant altogether of nitrate
food at the very time it needs it most:
moreover nitrogen in the form of am
monia salts leaves acid residues in the
soil. Nitrate of soda, on the other
hand, is entirely independent of weath
er and leaves the alkali behind as a
soil sweetener. It is immediately
available under any circumstances, for
it is readily soluble, and immediately
it comes within reach of the roots of
plants it begins to be taken up by
them. It can, therefore, readiiy be
seen that the practical value of va
rious forms of nitrogen ranges from
nothing at all, where conditions . of
temperature or soil prevent nitration,
to 100 per cent as nitrate of soda
where nitration has already complete
ly taken place- Moreover, the process
of transforming the nitrogen of cot
ton seed meal, dried fish, dried blood,
tankage and other nitrogenous con
stituents of "complete fertilizers," etc.,
into nitrate is very wasteful, for much
valuable nitrogen is lost in the pro
cess, as well as by natural oxidation.
Soil experiments have shown that 100
pounds of nitrogen in these organic
forms have only about one-half to
three-fourths the manurial value of
100 pounds of nitrogen in its nitrated
form of nitrate of soda.
A Great Saving
In view of these facts it seems ex
traordinary that farmers should con
tinue to purchase their Nitrogen In
compound form with phosphate, when
they car* procure it much cheaper, and
ready for the plants' immediate use,
in the form of Nitrate of Soda. The
New Jersey Experiment Station, after
analyzing nearly 200 different "com
plete fertilizers," found the average
value or market price of the various
constituents to be $25.66 per ton,
while the average selling price was
$34.23 per ton. In some instances the
actual value of the plant food was as
low as $15.00 per ton, while the price
per ton was $35.00. Available Nitro
gen in the form of Nitrate of Soda
costs about 17 cents per pound. It
costs from 25 to 30 cents a pound in
so-called "complete fertilizers," and
even then is often in a form which,
is not available as food for the plants,
for it must first be converted into Ni
trate. The time required to do this
varies from a few days to a few
years according to the temperature
of the soil and the kind and condi
tion of the material used in the "com
It must be recognized that the
farmer should have a chance to de
rive some profit from the use of a
fertilizer, and wise buying is a pre
requisite to successful use.
How It Helps Crops
If a young pig or a young calf does
not have an abundance of the right
kind of feed when it is young it be
comes stunted in growth, and never
recovers from it, no matter how ju
diciously it is afterwards fed. The
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585 Nitrate of Soda s
The two wheat fields illustrated above tell their own story. By tests carried on all over this country, it
has been demonstrated that 100 lbs. of Nitrate of Soda to the acre has resulted in an average increase
of 300 lbs. of wheat on each acre. It is the standard nitrogenous fertilizer, and the cheapest.
I TEST IT FOR YOURSELF ENTIRELY FREE
Let us send sufficient Nitrate of Soda for you to try, asking only that you use according to our direc
tions, and let us know the result. To the twenty-five farmers who get the best results, we offer, as a
prize, Prof. Voorhees' most valuable book on fertilizers, their composition, and how to use for differ
ent crops. Handsomely bound, 327 pages. Apply at once for Nitrate of Soda, as this offer is
necessarily limited. "Food for Plants," a 237-page book of useful information, will be sent free
to farmers while the present edition lasts, if paper is mentioned in which this advertisement is seen.
• . Send name and complete address on post card.
WILLIAM S. MYERS, Director, John Street and 71 Nassau, NEW YORK
intelligent cultivator has learned that
this holds good in the feeding of
plants. Nitrogen is the element that
enters most largely into the build
ing up of the plant itself —root,
stem and leaves. Most plants need
to take up most of their Nitrogen
during the early stages of their
growth, as in oats. It is plain,
therefore, that the cultivator cannot
afford to overlook Nitrate, and thus
endanger the chances of his crops
which must have Nitrogen in a form
the plants can use. The presence of
Nitrate at the outset enables the
plant to get its food when it needs
it most, and develops a vigorous
growth of roots, leaves and stems
capable of withstanding the scorch
ing rays of the sun or sudden
changes of the temperature, disease
or the attacks of parasites.
Nitrate of Soda is of high value
for early crops, such as peas, corn,
beets, cabbage, etc., where rapid ma
turity is desirable. It is a special
help to hay, grain, rye, wheat, tim
othy, orchard or other cereals or
grasses, all of which are unable to
obtain sufficient Nitrogen from the
soil just when they need It. It Is a
great specific in the production of sug
ar beets, potatoes, cotton and cane.
Small fruits, such as blackberries,
currants, raspberries, and gooseber
ries, which need a steady, even growth
are greatly benefited by Nitrate of
Soda, which can be furnished all ready
for digestion when the plants require
The highest agricultural authorities
have established by careful experi
mentation that 100 pounds per acre of
Nitrate of Soda applied to crops has
produced the INCREASED yields tab
ulated as follows:
Barley 400 lbs. of grain.
Corn 280 lbs. of grain.
Oats 400 lbs. of grain.
Rye 300 lbs. of grain.
Wiheat 300 lbs. of grain.
Potatoes 3,600 lbs. Tubers.
Hay, upwards of 1,000 lbs. barncured.
Cotton 500 lbs. seed cotton
Sugar beets 4,000 lbs. Tubers.
Beets 4,900 lbs. Tubers.
Sweet Potatoes 3,900 lbs. Tubers.
Cabbages 6,100 Pounds.
Carrots 7,800 pounds.
Onions 1,830 Pounds.
Turnips 37 per cent.
Strawberries 203 quarts.
Asparagus 100 bunches.
Tomatoes 100 baskets.
Celery 30 per cent.
Hops 100 pounds.
Nitrate of Soda is a plant tonic,
and an energizer; it is NOT a stim
ulant in any sense of the word.
Nitrate of Soda may be used alone
without other fertilizers, as a Top
Dressing, at the rate of not more than
100 pounds to the acre.
How to Learn About It
The Nitrate mines in Chili are su
pervised by the government and au
thentic information is annually circu
lated about Nitrate of Soda among
those who should profit by it. For this
purpose the Nitrate of Soda Propa
ganda is maintained. Advertisements
have been placed in the leading agri
cultural papers and offices established
at John Street and 71 Nassau Street,
New York, for giving out information
in regard to actual tests made with
Nitrate of Soda and as to its uses.
Results on Hay
For three years samples of Nitrate
of Soda have been sent to farmers to
experiment on Timothy. In each case
two patches were marked out in the
hay field, side by side —each about 20
feet square, about 1-100 of an acre.
One received Nitrate of Soda, equiva
lent to 100 pounds per acre, the other
had none. The following are fair sam
ples of the results reported, giving the
weight of cured hay in each case:
Horace Field, Mnttapoisett. Mass.
Plot without nitrate, GO lbs. Plot
with nitrate, 90 lbs.
"Hay was well made. Nitrate plot
ready to cut ten days earlier than plot
without nitrate and the growth now is
much heavier on the nitrate plot."
William Norman, Toledo, Ohio.
Plot without nitrate 36 lbs. With
nitrate, 62 lbs. "This is what I call
E. P. Nance, Oak Level, Ky.
Plot without Nitrate, 70 lbs. Plot with
Nitrate, 140 lbs.
Ole O. Hatledal, Benson, Minn.
Plot without nitrate, 20 lbs. With
nitrate, 52 lbs.
"Plot with nitrate now thick with
grass again and will produce second
crop of hay. Plot without nitrate will
not be worth cutting again."
Herbert J. France, Blairsville, Perm.
Plot without nitrate, 63 lbs.; with ni
trate, 118 lbs.
"Hay wag thoroughly cured when
weighed. Plot with nitrate kept six or
eight inches ahead all summer.
Alonzo J. Bryan, Hunterdon, N. J.
Plot without nitrate, 31 lbs.; with ni
trate 63% lbs. "The nitrate made won
Chas. J. Groth, Springville, N. Y.
Plot without nitrate, 78 lbs.; with ni
trate, 147 lbs. "Cut nitrate plot twice,"
E. B. Strong, Cauming, Nova Scotia.
Plot without nitrate, 68 lbs.; plot
with nitrate, 91 lbs. "Much pleased
Leonard D. Spicknall, I^a Belle, >$.o.
Plot, without nitrate, 44 lbs.; with ni
trate, 69 lbs. "I consider nitrate of soda
a most valuable producer as hay seems
softer and brighter from nitrate plot
than from the other.
The average of these tests show an
increase of 2,775 pounds of field
cured hay per acre with the use of
100 pounds Nitrate of Soda. Bearing
in mind the cost of Nitrate of Soda
per 100 pounds, it is very evident that
it pays to use it.
The Purpose of the Nit
Free books, bulletins and all de
sired information are promptly for
warded to farmers interested. Thou
sands of farmers of the United States
have seen Nitrate of Soda advertise
ments and thousands have written, in
answer to them for free books.
No nitrate is sold by the Nitrate
Propaganda; it is maintained simply
to put the fact clearly auU accurately
before the cultivators throughout the
country and rapidlly they are finding
out that Nitrate of Soda is the cheap
est and by far the most practical form
of supplying their crops with Nitro
gen. It is the only existing instantly
available Nitrogenous Food for
To a limited number of farmers wno
want to know, the Propaganda, in ad
dition to bulletins from agricultural
experiment stations, giving results of
actual trials with Nitrate of Soda, is
sending a handsomely illustrated book
which any farmer may understanu, and
which should be in the library of ev
ery farm in the United States.
Farmers who may not care to make
any of the experiments, who would
like to know the results that others
have obtained or w&o desire any in
formation whatever concerning nitrate
of soda should write to William S.
Myers, director, John street and 71
Nassau street, New York.