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mer pruning may do some good with
the late bearers.
The principles of pruning laid down
in this article will apply, with slight
modification, to all kinds of fruit trees.
It must be remembered that some va
rieties of fruit bear only on old wood,
while some other kinds bear only on
the new growth. A peach tree bears
only on new wood. Hence, it is ad
visable to keep your peach trees so
cut back as to have an abundance of
new wood not too high from the
ground. One object in pruning all
kinds of fruit trees is to keep them
from getting too high. Very tall trees
Fine Stock of Fruit and Ornamental
Trees. Send for price list. Agents
wanted everywhere. Address
ENGVOLSEN NURSERY CO.,
Port Angeles Washington.
Are tested and proved best
for the West —all other sorts
being discarded. Why experi
ment, why take chances?
You can absolutely depend on
ftjj&f seeds. Our catalogue
for 1908, consisting of 112
pages, 16 colored pages made
from actual photographs,
with full cultural directions,
is yours for the asking. You'll
also find that I&U£s seeds are
SOLD BY DEALERS
The Chas. H. Lilly Co.
Seattle, Portland, San Francisco.
400 Tons of Express
'• The above is a concise statement
of the and satisfactory busi
ness we did in 1907 with consignors
from the Wenatchee Valley.
Think of it—5467 different and
separate consignments—for* which
we sent the growers of that valley
And over 400 tons of it came by
This means more than 250 satis
fied shippers from that valley alone.
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/ B^SPSIEtt v Bfi
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J. B. POWI.ES.
DO YOU KNOW US?
If not, it would be money in your
pocket, and better business for us if
you would write us.
We are going to 'do better all
around in 1908.
Are you going to be with us?
J. B. POWLES (EL CO.
cannot be sprayed as easily as lower
ones, and it is more expensive to pick
(he fruit from tall trees. It must be
borne in mind (hat grapes bear only
on the previous year's growth. Once
I was visiting an old gentleman, and
he informed me that his grape vines
did not bear to do any good. I sug
gested to him that peruaps his grape
vines needed pruning. He informed
me that he pruned them thoroughly
every spring. I made some further
inquiry about the varieties and told
him such grape vines ought to bear
well. It was early in the spring, so
we went out to see what was the
matter. Imagine my surprise when 1
found that he had cut away almost
the entire previous year,s growth.
Then I explained to him that grape
vines did not bear good on old wood.
He pruned next spring according to
my advice and had a bountiful crop of
grapes each year afterwards. This
shows that many mistakes are made
in fruit growing by not understanding
the underlying principles. The time
to prune grape vines is early in the
spring, for if pruned too late they
will bleed profusely. Apples, peaches,
pears and nearly all deciduous fruit
trees should be pruned during the
time the leaves are off, but not when
♦ ■ ♦ ♦
In our last issue attention was
called to the fact that some 6,000
boxes of apples shipped from Orcas
Island to San Francisco were con
demned and sent back to Seattle on
account of being infested with the
bud moth (Tmetocera ocellana). It
seems, however, that while the papers
in California and Washington reported
these apples infested with the bud
moth, there was a mistake as to the
insect causing the infestation, for it
was the Japanese Fruit Borer (Lar
vena herellera). The Hon. J. R. An
derson, Deputy Minister of Agricul
ture, Victoria, B. C, has kindly sent
me a copy of a letter from W. J. Jef
frey, State Commissioner of Horticul
ture of California, in which this false
report is corrected. In this letter from
Commissioner Jeffrey is the official
report from Mr. E. M. Ehrhorn, who
is in charge of the quarantine work in
San Francisco. The following is Mr.
Ehrhorn's report in full: "I con
demned 6,000 boxes of apples from
Bellingham on November 18th. Mr.
Jewett, of Hunt & Hatch Company,
notified this office that they expected
a large shipment of apples from Orcas
Island, on the Sound. They also in
quired about the bud moth and wanted
to know what it was, saying that this
pest was known to exist in the section
where the apples were raised. This
insect is a very serious pest in the
eastern states, especially in New York
and the New England States. We told
him that when the shipment arrived
we would make a very thorough in
spection of the fruit, and if found in
fested it would have to go back to
the point of shipment.
"When the shipment arrived I sent
Mr. Bremner to the vessel, and he
brought me a sample of the apples,
and instead of finding the bud moth,
as was expected, I found the fruit in
fested with the Japanese Fruit Bor
er (Larvena herellera). Accompanied
by Mr. Bremner, I went to the dock
where they were unloading the fruit
and we made a very careful examin
ation of every variety of the apples,
as there were several different lots,
and after doing this work we were
satisfied that this shipment should not
land in California. We found a very
large percentage of the fruit infested,
and after notifying the owners the
men were told not to unload any more
fruit. The lot was sent back on No
vember 23 by the same steamer that
had brought it." Mr. Jeffrey adds:
"Mr. Ehrhorn is an entomologist of
national reputation, so there is no
doubt about the identity of this infec
It is well to learn, all we can about
this pest and the best means to use
In combatting it. This was a serious
loss to the fruit growers of Orcas Is
land, and we feel sorry for them.
This lesson can be drawn from this in
cident: Never allow infested fruit
to leave your orchard unless it goes
to the cider mill or jelly factory. It
may be that the good people who
packed this fruit did not notice the in
festation. I examined a number of the
apples after they were returned to Se
attle and can see that the infestation
could have been easily overlooked,
and especially where it was not known
to exist. I have cut open a number |
jilMN 1 f<TO aM^l^^f that bring the biggest prices are those
■ I I ml which combine fine flavor with good size
If i /Mill* and sni PPin £ quality.
111 L '/ill!I W I The best results arc obtained by using an abun
ill If || l^\ *'/ 1 /// Wm
;"__ JgwA " "" dant supply of a complete fertilizer containing
*"^^|f 4 per cent, nitrogen, 9 per cent, available phos
phoric acid, and at least 10 per cent, of actual
This formula will be found productive of wonderful results
with all kinds of berries.
Detailed information is given in our free book—a valuable treatise on scientific
fertilizing. It is complete and trustworthy and contains suggestions which will
mean money to the man who follows them out. Address
GERMAN KALI WORKS
New York—93 Nassau Street Chlcago-Monadnock Building
Atlanta, 0a.—1224 Candler Building
Meyer, Wilson & Co., San Francisco, Calif., Sole Agents for Pacific Coast.
19-^ Irrigate Your Farm.
"'"lpy ** * i§«iv lum lvi hi.
-r^; - '-^fig^g^^MJ^w^^^^^ " has P 'l'l' others, it will pay you
.<..* '^i^^^^n^fS^W^ Vry ■' f Fairbanks-Morse Irrigation Ma
■ *HWw&' §B&^^' cliinery will often Increase the
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*wi&lMr'' :Jkj from 10 to 100 per cent. Then
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glne and Centrifugal Pump for Write for Pree 40-page Irrigation
Irrigating-. Book No. 881 PI.
Fairbanks, Morse (Si Co.
309 OCCIDENTAL AYE. • , SEATTLE, WASH.
of the infested apples, but in no case
did I find any larvae. Mr. Pendleton,
the Deputy Horticultural Commission-
er, however, informs me that he did
find some of the larvae, and they re
semble very much the larvae of the
peach twig borer. The larvae did
not bore in as far as the carpels, or
seed pockets. I shall do all I can to
find what is the best method of com
batting this pest, and publish what I
learn in this paper. I doubt not but
spraying with some preparation of ar
senic, arsenate of lead- perhaps will
be found to be the correct remedy.
But the time to spray will have to be
determined by the time of its attacks.
One thing in Mr. Ehrhorn's report
puzzles me. He says that when he
sent Mr. Bremner to the vessel, "in
stead of finding the bud moth, as was
expected." Now the thing that puz
zles me is how an entomologist of na
tional reputation could expect to find
apples infested with the bud moth. I
have before me two reports from two
entomologists of national reputation,
and they agree in saying that the bud
moth (Tmetocera ocellana) does not
attach fruit, and that the larvae does
not winter in fruit. It seems to me
that Mr. Ehrhorn has cut a small
slice off his national reputation in tell
ing what he expected to find. "When
doctors disagree, the people are free."
If Mr. Ehrhorn, Mr. Jeffrey or anyone
else can satisfactorily explain this mat
ter, I shall be glad to give the explan
ation to our readers.
Mr. Anderson, of Victoria, says that
the Japanese Fruit Borer (Larvena
herallera) is not known in British Co
lumbia. Let us learn all we can about
this pest and what to do to fight off
* * *
Since I wrote the above item about
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the condemned fruit from Orcas
Island, I have conversed with a man
who has just visited the island and is
about to locate there. He says that
the people who shipped the apples
and other fruit growers complain that
they were not fairly treated in this
matter. They say the fruit was in
spected at the point of shipment and
pronounced clean. They charge that
because of the financial flurry that
fruit declined and that intrigue was re
sorted to, so that it would not have
to be paid for according to contract.
I do not wish to become a party to
this matter, but will lay before the
readers of this paper all the facts in
the case. If some one in Orcas Island,
familiar with the facts, will write a.
brief statement of these I will publish