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By Prof. A. B. Nystrom, Dairy Instructor State College, Pullman, Wash. ES
(For Any Information Regarding This Department, Write Above.)
silage for Dairy Cows.
Most Of our readers doubtless know
something about silage, and what it
will do. Still we feel that too much
stress caunot be laid on the feeding
value of this kiud of feed for dairy
Let us consider some of the ad
vantages of the silo. We must under
stand first, of course, that silage
means green feed and although we
generally cuie hay for keeping by
means of a silo, we can put it in green
aud if proper precautions are taken,
it will be excellent feed all the year
There is a decidedly low per centage
of Joss of feeding value of the crop
when put into a silo as compared
with curing and storing the dry feed.
This difference comes not only in the
loss of water, making the hay less
succulent, but the decomposition of
the dry matter, the food elements,
takes place and we find that the per
cent of loss in ordinary curing of
crops is from 30 to 60 per cent, while
in the silo the loss is only from five
to ten per cent. That is, nearly all
the feeding value the crop contains
at the time of cutting is retained in
The succulence it affords the ration
is a great factor in favor of silage.
The natural food for a cow is green
grass containiog lots of water. Her
system is such that she can handle
such feed to better advantage, and
not ouly that, but it enables her to
digest other dry feeds so that she can
make better use of them. I mean by
this that wnile a cow may be getting
a complete ration of dry feed and
will seemingly be doing well, if we
add also some silage or some other
succulent crop and at the same time
take from the dry ration an equivalent
of nutrients we will Hud that she will
come up decidedly in her flow of milk.
It has been said that cows fed on
silage all the time are less liable to
milk fever and other diseases, and
that can probably be explained in that
these succulent crops keep the cow
laxative and she is able to ward off
Ailother advantage of silage is that
it gives a uniform quality of feed.
A crop of corn, tor example, when
cured as fodder, or a crop of clover
or aFalfa cured as hay will vary in
quality according to the amount of
exposure. Under such conditions,
although the amount given could be
controlled, the actual amount of
nutrients would vary and of course
the cow could not do her best. When
silage is stored property there is prac
tically no variation in the quality of
the feed. It must of course be cut at
the proper time to give largest amount
Of nutrients, but when once in the
silo there is sure to be a feed which
lias very nearly the same composition
all the way down, so that if your
ration is once computed it will always
1 do not mean by this that you
should always feed the same ration,
that is impracticable, for the cow like
any other animal can do better when
she has a variation. But the varia
tion nearly always is made through
the grain ration and is best made
there. Different kinds of silage may
also be grown to give variation.
The economy of storing the feed is
another point in favor of the silo. It
takes considerably loss space for stor
age of a crop when put in the silo
than when cured and stored in the
dry state. A ton of cured hay will
occupy about 400 cubic feet, when
stored in the barn, while a ton of
silage will take up approximately 50
A silage crop can be harvested with
out the danger of having it ruiued by
rain; while a heavy rainfall will dis
continue the work of filling the silo it
will in no way injure the feed, where
as iv curing the crop, a very large per
centage of the food elements is lost
when it gets wet, especially if it is
nearly cured by the time the rain
When silage is fed it means more
intensive farming, for more cows can
be kept on a certain area than when
other methods of feeding are used.
More cows means better land, because
dairying builds up rather than ex
hausts the fertility of the soil.
CROPS FOR THE SILO.
Some of the crops that have been
used successfully in the silo are corn,
alfalfa, red clover, peas and oats and
a few others. All of the legumes have
proven to be a more economical feed
when siloed than when fed dry.
The writer has recently had the
opportunity of visiting practically all
the dairy sections of the state of
Washington and parts of British
Columbia and Oregon, and in talking
with the farmers in regard to crops
we find that there are very few local
ities in this Northwest country where
corn cannot be grown successfully for
the silo. Of course it must be a
variety that matures early and al
though the yield of grain will be light
as compared with that in the corn
belt, it will be amply large to make
it profitable as a silage Held.
For the best feed, corn should be
cut as soon as the kernels begin to
glaze and the bottom leaves are brown.
There is not as much danger in let
ting it get too ripe as in cutting be
foie it gets ripe enough. Corn cut
too green will make sour silage and it
is impossible to remedy it, while too
ripe corn can be made into perfect
silage by the addition of water at the
time it goes into the silo.
Of the legumes in this section of
A Good Judge of Cows
is likely to be a good judge of a cream separator. The
same quality of brains that enables a man to breed high
class dairy cattle, leads him to buy the best cream separator.
It is worth noting that the man who produced the
World's Record Holstein cow
COLANTHA 4THS JOHANNA,
has a United States Cream Separator. This man is
W. J. Gillette, of Rosendale, Wis.
And do you know that the owner of
the great record-breaking Jersey cow, A. O. Auten, of
Jerseyville, 111., uses the United States Separator on
Also the owners of the wonderful $10,000 Guernsey
the Riebrock estate, of Helendale Farms at Athens,
Wis., use four United States Separators on their farms.
Chas. L. Hill of Rosendale, Wis., owner of the cele
brated Guernsey cow Twilight Lonan uses a United
States Cream Separator on his farm.
P. H. Scribner, of Rosendale, Wis., who developed
the celebrated Jersey cow Loretta D., and who is one of
the great Jersey breeders of the country, uses a United
States Cream Separator.
If the United States Separator is the separator for these
business men and thousands of others, leaders of the dairy
world, why not for you? These experts—men who know,
and do —require the use of a separator which skims closest,
washes easiest, runs easiest, and wears longest.
This is the reason they all choose the United States
Separator. Send for Catalog No. 158 today.
The United States Separator holds World's Record
therefore is the World's Standard Separator.
VERMONT FARM MACHINE CO., BELLOWS FALLS, VERMONT.
Distributing Warehouses in all Dairy Sections
the country, red clover probably makes
the best silage. it should be cat
about the same time that you would
cut it for hay. Do not cut it too
green. It may be put in silo without
running through the cutter, but it
handles so much easier and packs so
much better that it is best to cut it
up as you would corn. Alfalfa silos
well, but if care is not taken it will
make highly acid silage on account
of the excess of water in the green
plant. Kale has in a few cases been
successfully stored in the silo. It is
a highly valuable feed for dairy cows
and where winters are severe it may
prove as good a silage crop as any,
however, where the climate is such
that it is possible to get into the field
at all times there would not be much
advantage of putting kale into the
If you expect the best returns from
your cows you must give them succu
lent feed. You must give them
variety and results have been obtained
in the principal dairy districts of the
country prove that silage is the mo9t
economical feed for the dairy cow.
Puget Sound Herd Holstein-Friesian Cattle
NOW NUMBERS OVER 200 HEAD
Service Bulls: Aaggie Cornucopia Crown De Kol,
Querinus Cornucopia, and Dutchland Colantha Sir Ormsby.
At the Portland and Western Washington Pairs we won two
grand championships, two junior championships, and seven
teen first prizes. Herd tuberculin tested.
WILLIAM BISHOP, Propr.
Stock for Sale at all times. Chimacum, Washington