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A Pure Bred Bull a Cow.
A dairyman who has a good work
ing herd of grade cows has saved up
a few hundred dollars which he wishes
to use in buying some puie bred
animals. He hopes eventually to go
into the breeding of pure bred stock
exclusively. Now the question arises,
shall he buy a couple of pure bred
cows with what money he has, or shall
he put the whole amount into one
good bull. The bull at the head of
his grade herd is not a pure bred,
although from good milking stock.
We flud dairymen all over the state
in just such a situation, which is
really very easy to solve. From the
standpoint of value of calves and more
net profits we would like to see every
one be able to sell all their giade cows
and buy an entirely new herd of first
class pure breds. But this is not the
feasible way of changing over. With
out any exception it would be better
to start with a good bull and a grade
herd than to mix a few good pure bred
cows with the grades and have no
bull at all. True enough the cows
would probably begin making money
for you at once, but how much more
wouldn't the bull make for you in
the increased value of your grade
heifer calves? You should strive for
a higher producing herd among your
grades by using a first calss blooded
sire. Then in a few years you will
soon have enough to replace your
whole herd with pure breds. Not all
at once but a few at a time.
The pure bred bull is certainly an
essential in either a grade or pure
bred herd, and too much emphasis
cannot be put on the statement that
"The ball is half the herd."
Makes a Higher Average.
liegin now lo keep an individual
record of the cows in your herd.
Open up an account with each cow.
Your herd as a whole is probably
paying you some profit, but you may
have a few individuals who are pull
ing the average down. You can't
afford to keep these. The quicker
you sell them to the butcher the
better off you will be. It is not the
number of cows that count, but the
kind of cows, and we must emphasize
the fact that there is a vast difference
in oows that are being Kept for dairy
It isn't the whole herd record that
is so valuable, but rather the record
Of the indvidual. Instead of an
average of 150 pounds per cow as it
now stands in this state, let us briug
it up to 200 pounds at once, and later
to 400. We can do it by means of the
Babcock test and scales and an ac
count of the feed consumed. Cull
out the poor ones and breed from the
HTi s^|^ |^
Why DE LAVSL Cream
Separators Are Best
De Laval the Logical Leader De Laval Designers Most Experienced
,,.,. The De Laval organization of separator scientists,
It is not due to any mere stroke of luck or freak of experts, engineers, designers, practical manu
circumstances that the De Laval Cream Separator facturers and skilled workmen of all classes, not
has maintained first place in the esteem of cream on , in one country but a half dozen, is unap
producers ever since its invention in 1878. There proached by all would-be competitors combined,
is a reason for everything if we but know it and The De ' val ream Separator as we know it
there are many reasons why the De Laval is now tod ig the compos i te production of these men of
and always has been the best cream separator. many shopg and many CoU ntries, the amalgama
tion of the longest and best separator experience
De Laval the First Practical Separator in the world.
Dr. De Laval invented the first successful continu- All Important Cream Separator Patents
ous cream separator because he has worked harder, Controlled by De Laval Company
tSXSi iepaS don ao n f dcrea e m ffo°m nST than Moreover, the principal features devised in the
any nthifr man who had attpmnted it construction and development of the De Laval
a^tfrtfn7wUh^hUa^ ad? a Xt 'the De Laval machines have naturally been covered by patents,
Company has maintained its leld in the improve- numbering several hundred in all, so that how
ment and development of the separator, step by ever great their knowledge of De Laval machines,
step from year to year, because it has always had would-be competors have been compelled to utilize
an nrffani7fl.tinn hfittfir finiiinnpid in fivprv wav to means of construction which would avoid infringe-
HESESSV-' s"*5"* Sti&SSSStja
f , , . . _ ' _ . .. time the construction covered by such patents had
World-Wide De Laval Organization been discarded and abandoned or further improved
in the course of De Laval progress.
The De Laval organization extends the world over, . . „_. m_-_-* r-* «i ll «!w ft | l , hi.
with a number of the finest and largest shops in De Laval Used AlmOSt tXCIUSIVeIy DV
the world in America, Sweden, Germany, France, Creameries and Butter Factories
Austria, Russia and other countries. Everyone •■•«•■•••••
of these shops is devoted solely to the building of That, briefly, is why De Laval Cream Separators
separators. Their manufacture is not simply have maintained their supremacy, regardless of
incidental to that of something else, as is the case one competitor or another, increasing their sale
on the part of every would-be competitor. No year by year until their already nearly universal
other separator shops compare with them in size, use in larger size by creameries, butter factories
equipment or volume of production. They pro- and milk stations is rapidly becoming as general
duce more separators in a day than any competitor in the farm and dairy likewise, and for the self
in a week or most of them in a month. same reasons.
A De La'bal catalog or any desired separator information will gladly be sent for the asking.
DE LAVAL DAIRY SUPPLY COMPANY
165-167 Broadway GENERAL OFFICES: 1016 We.tern Avenue
NEW YORK _ ox SEATTLE
29 Madl^T Street 101 Dru mm Street, I4«I6 pVn7ess Street
29 chlcago SAN FRANCISCO. 14 A Winnipeg Street
Chicago SAN FRANC SCO. Winnipeg
good ones only; using a good pure
bred bull at the head of your herd.
Make Preparations Now.
Don't forget to put in some good
silage crops this year and plan to
erect a silo for use in the fall. The
earlier you can plant the seed the
less chance you will have of being
caught by the frost.
Also put in some root crops. It
does not matter which root you choose.
Take the one you know the cows will
relish and will also yield abundantly.
There is not very much difference
between the feeding value .of the
different root crops.
West Side Institute.
Probably the most successful insti
tute trip ever undertaken by the
Washington State College is the one
that is now being carried out in the
southwest part of the state. Two day
sessions are held at the principal
towns, and lectures are given in horti
culture, dairying, poultry raising and
soil managegment. One of the fea
tures of this trip is the demonstration
car that is being carried. It is equip
ped with horticulture tools, such as
various forms of pinning and grafting
knives. Dairy utensils, such as Bab
cock testers, coolers, etc., and a com
plete electric lighting system suitable
for farm use.
Demonstrations in testing in ilk are
given at earn stop, and wberever an
orchard is accessible a pruning demon-
stration is given. This adds consider
able to the effectiveness of the work,
since it not only tells the farmer the
best method of doing a certain thing,
but he actually sees it done.
The process of getting rid of stumps
by means of the char-pitting method
is explained and demonstrated where
It is hoped that every section of the
state will be covered with such a
demonstration car, and give the
farmers a chance to see the best
method to be employed in the various
branches of farming.
Hogging Off Corn Becoming
Popular in Farm Economy.
To "hog" or not to "hog" the corn
field is a question that has its ad
vocates in numbers great; likewise,
it has its opponents. The preponder
ance of experience, however, is in
favor of hogging ofl corn. Why?
Because no warranted complaint ever
has been lodged against it, except in
According to the University of
Minnesota Experiment Station's
observations, bogging off corn means
that pork can be produced with less
grain thau by feeding ear or snapped
corn in yards.
That hogs fed in the Held gained
nearly one-third more rapidly than
those in yards.
That the cost of fencing corn tields
may be from $1.00 to 82.50 less per
acre than cost of husking the corn.
That hogs waste no more corn in
the field than when fed in the yard
as they pick corn clean as most men
do in hasking.
That the labor in oaring for hogs is
not increased by hogging corn.—Am.
Steele & Wire.
THE Union Meat Company will always
*• pay highest prices for all the poultry,
eggs, dressed veal and hogs, you raise.
Make arrangements to ship your produce
direct—save the commission you would
have to pay a commission house. Write
a letter stating -what produce you can.
supply and the quantity, to
Union Meat Company
374 Gllsan St.. :: Portland. Oregon
Milk 48] lbs. per day, Butter 2\ lbs
Raise the Standard of your dairy cows by
putting in a few pure bred Jerseys. Your cream
test will go up from 25 to 50 per cent. Nine good
I young bulls for Hale. My herd sire is Merry
Maiden's Duke 7th, a pure St. Lambert. Like
begets like. Apply at once for choice.
MERIDIAN DAIRY FARM,
B. C . Crabtrek, PROP. Lyndim, Wash.
Breeder and Shipper of A. J. O. C Jersey cat
tle, Plymouth chickens and Bronze turkeys.
Milk Fever Outfits, JBA
T\KHORNERB, t«Ht lyphonfl, nHtterß.^flfl
l' dilators, etc. Reoelvedonly award «£2Hß
World's Fain Chicago and St. Louis. Write
for illustrated catalogue. HAUBBMANN A
DUNN CO., 392 So. Clark Bt., Chicago.
I tAt t*)e wrapper
LV/W f\ i on th 1 paper—if
your time is up, please sc d us 50c for
renewal for one year.