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Poultry Raising as a Profitable Industry
By D. TANCRED—Chapter IV—Care of Layers.
I cannot lay sufficient stress upon
the importance of feeding plenty of
green stuff to the laying fowls the year
around. It is a safe bet to say that
not one person in a hundred furnishes
the fowls with sufficient green food.
Cabbages are eaten with great relish
and may be had —or grown—at low
cost for several months. Kale is a
good green food and lasts longer into
the winter than does the cabbage;
while sugar beets, or a half sugar, half
mangel beet, may be fed after the cab
bage and kale are exhausted, and will
last until a fresh lot of greens is ob
tainable in the spring. Chickweed, let
tuce, lawn clippings; all are good. Not
only is a plentiful supply of green food
conducive to health, but when plenty
of it is given to the fowls the protein
contents of their ration may be in
creased and more eggs produced.
Certain other substances are of great
importance in the hens' diet. First of
these is charcoal, a splendid regulator
of the digestive organs. Fresh wood
A DRY SADDLE WHEN
IT RAINS IF YOU WEAR
K. wJj x M\ll The on * service
j|^A|\ ■XV \/i \ and the comfort it
ul IV^ ♦ji I^J gives makes it the
'\\v\\nl Slicker of Quality
* '*\/ $3.50 Everywhere
A. J. TOWER CO.
Tower Canadian Co.. Ltd.. Toronto PCS 11
rpHE Union Meat Company will always
*• pay highest prices for all the poultry,
eggs, dressed veal and hogs, yon raise.
Make arrangements to ship your produce
direct—save the commission you would
have to pay a commission house. Write
a letter stating what produce you can
supply and the quantity, to
Union Meat Company
874 Gllmub St.. :: Portland, Oregon
Write today for our catalogue showing lateßt
designs of our famous Sandstone Fireplaces.
Every home should have one. They are fire
proof, do not smoke, will last a life time,
and cost less.
Tenino StonelCo., Tenino,;Wash
lift inoru fur your turn, no matter where you are. VV*
pay twloe as much a* horn* buyera and from 10 to 30%
more than any other dealer anywhir*. Our big. free,
111 UHtrated catalog tell* why and proves It by letter* from
shippers In every State. Bend for tt today—now—be
fore you forget. We'll lend with It also our trrn*Trap
pen' '; aide, tells how to trap and care for fun. Also our
big freaprlceltKtnnd market report. All sent free for
asking and all different from anything you ever saw.
BORRY HIDE & PUR CO.. 2SB Main SU. Carry, 1%
charcoal should be used; not bone —or
"animal" —charcoal, which is worse
than worthless. A hard, sharp and
medium seized grit must be supplied
them and I would rather pay a dollar
per hundred pound for grit that Is
just right than use an inefficient
substitute. Fowls that are laying
well also consume considerable quant
ities of oyster shell, and dry—or
"commercial" — bone should also be
given them. A small four compart
ment hopper, nailed to the wall of
chicken house not far from the ground,
is the best receptacle for these sub
Do not forget that hens require lots
of drinking water and it should be fur
nished them fresh and clean. Let them
have it as cool as possible during the
hot summer days and if possible take
the chill off it during the coldest win
ter days for the more water the hens
can be induced to drink the larger will
the egg yield be.
On the Pacific Coast eggs bring their
highest price in November. The De
cember price is somewhat lower, but
until the break, which occurs, as a
rule, by the middle of February, the
price is still very good. Most of these
high-priced eggs are laid by pullets.
The older hens do not get back on the
job, after molting, before January and
by the time they are laying well the
price goes down by leaps and bounds.
For this reason the pullets are far
more profitable to the egg rancher than
older hens, even yearlings. My work
with the trap nest has furnished me
with a vast amount of data, on this
subject, that is absolutely correct and
it enables me to give absolute facts
and not guesswork. The average pro
duction of White Leghorn pullets is
between one-fourth and one-third great
er than the production of the same
fowls in their next year of laying. I
confine my statement to White Leg
horns because a pullet of that var
riety, if of a good strain and properly
cared for, should be laying well at the
time when the price of eggs is highest.
Not one in a hundred of the older hens
will be found laying at the time the
price touches the highest notch. The
price drops to the lowest point of the
year late in February simply because
the old hens are all on the job again.
It is at its highest in November be
cause only pullets are laying at that
time and only good pullets at that.
Of course the pullet that does not be
gin to lay earlier than the older hens
is not more profitable than they; less
profitable in fact, because such a pul
let owes her owner nearly a year's
board bill at the time she begins to
produce, while the older hens have
been unproductive for not much over
100 days, on an average.
But the good pullet; the pullet of
the right variety and the right strain;
not only lays a good many more eggs
than the older hen, but, besides that,
the excess of her production over that
W INCREASE EGG AND POULTRY PROFITS
Bf Theamount of eggsandpoultry poundsyou get depends on the feed- fA
JBf ing. So don't blamo the hen. She is doing her best on the food you are
£0 giving her. Try LILLY'S Poultry Foods, the accumulated experience B
Bl of 26 years in the manufacture of poultry foods. Test them out yourself. Wm
g^ Your dealer can supply you, and a few rations will show you the dif- |B
|A ference between scientifically prepared foods and hap-hazard mashes Jh
«A. niirPniiltrvßnok tells you all about HOLLY CHICK FOOD, LILLY'S SCRATCH B
«^ yurruuitiyuuuiv FOOD, EGG AND FEATHER FOOD, GROWING FOOD MM
LILLY'S Specially Prepared CRYSTAL GRIT, LILLY'S 55 Per Cent Protein BEEF JB&
SCRAPS and LILLY'S 79 Per Cent Protein BLOOD MEAL. Send for a copy of £&
this book today, it is free, and ask your dealer for Lilly's Poultry Foods _^H^r
CHAS.H.LILLY 8.0^ 1^
LIMESTONE CHICKEN GRITB
Write for free samples and reading matter. The need of lime is known. The gov
ernment urges its use. It means better crops for the farmer and better poultry for
the chicken raiser. Try it and the results will interest you as they have interested
others where it has been used properly and carefully.
®. TV. H. DALLY
Manufacturer and Dealer—Limestone Products, Building Materials.
SEATTLE TACOMA SPOKANE
The Business Man's Way of Raising Poultry
IS FULLY DESCRIBED IN THE BIG 1912 CATALOGUE OF
THE TRAP NESTED WHITE LEGHORNS
MAILED FREE BY THE TANCRED FARMS; KENT, WASH.
of the hen has been laid at the time
when prices are highest; the highest
November price—as quoted by jobbers
on the Seattle market —having aver
aged 55c per dozen for several years
past. Speaking in averages a good
pullet should have $1.25 worth of eggs
to her credit at the time the older hen
begins to lay.
In the case of a yearling hen the
production, once she is fairly started
on her second year of laying, is very
little under that of the average pullet;
but with hens over two years of age
there is a great falling off in produc
tiveness so that there is not only the
idle period of the moult to be consid
ered, but also the fact that during her
productive season she lays fewer eggs
than a pullet or a yearling.
I advise all egg ranchers to adopt
my own practice of disposing of all
fowls at the end of their pullet year
and completely restocking the place
every year with new pullets. Because
of my breeding business I carry over
about one-sixth part of my pullets into
their yearling year; those particular
ones being the cream of the flock as
layers. But were it not for the de
mands of my breeding pens I would
market every fowl on the place at the
end of their pullet year. Under the
old conditions it was practically im
possible for an egg rancher to renew a
large flock in this manner; but with
the division of the poultry business
into specialties, as is now the case in
the great egg producing districts of
the country, it is both possible and
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A I taff^S-r^''^ $8,500 offered for one Invention.
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\vi (Y^^yß Patents advertised for Bute at our ex
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v^VwjnK Patent Obtained or Fee Returned
YCT M% CHANDLEE & CHANDLEE. Patent Atfys
II \T7 Established 10 Years
' ' '** 1029P- Street,_Washinglon 1 _D 1- C;_^_
juiiiibun » MACHINE
Do the work at home. Costs little and saves
the poultryman all costs of buying grit,
ground bone. etc. Why buy such when you
can make your own on a '•Johnson." Write
me for particulars, prices, etc.
FRED A. JOHNSON
513 So. 38th St. Tacoma, Wash.
(Two cents per word each issue.)
piRCULAR FREE, of the best Buff and White
Leghorns, Buff, White and Partridge Wyan
dottes, Black Minorcan and Barred Rocks.
Fred A. Johnson, 513 3.") th St , Tacoma, Wach.
ttIGH VIEW POULTRY FARM-S. C. W.
-n- Leghorn*, trapnested; that lay and pay.
Write for prices. A. E. Learned, Dcs Moines,
EIGHTY FIVE H. 0. White Leghorn PulletH;
12 Anconai. $75.00 if taken at once. M. B.
Turkeys IB 50 to $k.oo each. Italian Uees in new
10 frame hives, $8.50 per hive. Mrs. Jus. Neatly,
Sultan. Wash. 9tfc
titHITE Wyaudottes-winter layers, My young
** chicks weighed 4^ pounds In 16 weeks
EKKf $1.50 for 15; |(i 00 for 100. Alfred Brittain,
Can tie Rock, Wash. 9-6tp
npEN "Purest" White Kork cockerels, |1.50
*• each, until January. Howard Blnns, Hbel
ton, Wash. <t 4tp
FOR SALE—Fifty pair No. 1 Extra Homer
PiKeouH Guaranteed first class. 75c pair.
Addrestt 1,. K. Cliutou, Granite Khl Im, Wn. 9 Btp
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