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ing fruits of any kind you can have
"too much of a good thing."
Hen mauure is a concentrated fer
tilizer consisting very largely of
nitrates and some phosphates. The
only fertilizer with which it is com
parable is guano, a fertilizer imported
from some dry island in the PaciHc
Ocean oft 1 the coast of Peru and con
sists of the droppings of birds that
have accumulated there for ages. In
dome places these accumulations are
said to be two hundred feet deep.
The only difference between guano
and hen is that the birds leaving
these droppings have fed on fishes so
there is a fish element in guano and
not in manure. In all other respects
they are alike for they consist of the
urine and the excreti combined which
m/[ A John Deere
'MfW^m-M:^ Farmer Can
'W;J fiPwfGet it ree
THIS valuable book has eighteen article* oni live
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all claim is the most concentrated
fertilizer to be found. Our scientific
agriculturists recommend the use of
two hundred to four hundred pounds
of guano to the acre as all that should
be used. Then think of a man recom
mending three tons of hen manure to
the acre for strawberries!
As to some of Mr. Kandall's other
questions, 1 hardly know what to
say. 1 can not see how strawberry
plants can be "cultivated all summer
after fruiting and up till they start
to grow in the spring." Surely no
one would cultivate strawberry plants
in the winter, neither could be when
the ground was frozen. 1 would
recommend cultivating strawberry
plants after fruiting but not con
tinuously even till fall. When 1 grew
strawberries by the acre in lowa, I
practiced what was then called the
"matted row system." The runners
were not cut or palled off but were
allowed to grow and by cultivating
the ground during the growing season
the runners were turned lengthwise
of the row and in this way we made
the "matted row." We did not ran
the cultivator very close to the row
even in the early spring and got
further away as the season advanced.
No harm was done to the old plants
by the cultivator and the runners
turned lengthwise of the row furnish
ed a cushion for the fruit and kept it
out of the dirt. That method is not
practiced in the Northwest and 1
doubt if it would be the best.
There are no such things as "fruit
rootlets" in the strawberries. The
pistils and stamens both belong to
the vegetative part of the plans and
not to the roots. If the roots of straw
berry plants are oat with the hoe or
broken with the cultivator, the food
supply will be lessened for all of it
must come in through the roots ex
cept the carbon which enters the
plants through the leaves. With part
of the roots broken the supply of
food will be diminished and the plant
will be feeble and sickly. Don't
mutulate the roots any more than you
would the tops.
1 might have answered these ques
tions by a few short words like yes or
no but 1 thought it best to deal with
the underlying principles and thus
create a thirst for a more complete
knowledge of plant life.
The apple referred to by Mr. Randall
is called "The Vanderpool Red." 1
have never seen the apple and know
nothing aboat it except what is stated
in the circular which he incloses.
The recommendations are in some
cases from men known to be very
competent and reliable, especially is
this true of Mr. Williamson, secretary
of the Oregon State Board of Horti
culture. 1 would think the apple
worthy of trial and would so recom
mend it. But the prices asked for
the trees are too high for anything
but experimental purposes. Too
much is claimed for the apple to be
all true. My advice is uniform as to
new and untried apples, viz., go slow
till they are tested in your own
locality. An apple may be a success
in one locality or in more than one
locality and do not do so well in
others. That its true of the Spitzen
burg which in some respects is the
best apple that grows. "Prove all
things, hold fast to that which is
good," \h a safe and sane rule.
The question of cold storage for our
fruits and especially for our winter
apples, is one that must receive the
earnest attention of fruit-growers.
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""^^***!^fc^ to __ ■ «=» Mean a Saving to You of From 40 to 60%.
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ISIeSE-", " " _^^iB/L H^^^*3^^^^ 255 Galloway Station, Waterloo, lowa
Some things clearly indicate to me
that the fruit growers must have their
own cold storage plants, or at least
must be able to control them. It will
not be enough for the apple buyers
and shippers to have cold storage
plants. If that condition should pre
vail, these plants might be managed
so as to be a detriment to the growers.
This is not guess work on my part.
Let me give an illustration of how
these plants might be used to the in
jury of the fruit growers: A writer
in the Kural New-Yorker of October
14th, makes this statement: "The
storage situation in Wyane county,
New York, appears to be no exception
to the reports you have heard. About
the first week in September a party,
reported to be a buyer, secured an
option on all the remaining space in
the local storage; his name is with
held. The day his option expired he
closed the deal and signed for the
space. Up to that time two orchards
Had been sold, one at 80 cents a
bushel for every thing picked; tne
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Insure Bumper Crops
Fertilize your soil for every crop. Fall i$ the time to bow Animal
Fertilizers for the best results. The winter rains thoroughly disin
tegrate the fertilizer, producing a plentiful supply of humus for the
next years crop. These fertilizers are food to the soil. They make
things grow in abundance and to perfeotion. The alight cost of the
fertiliser proves an investment without equal—bigger crops better
Beaver Brand Animal
Will prove a, revelation to yon. Sow them this fall and oompare next
year's crops with this year's, acre for acre. You will discover that
the money you put into these fertilizers will prove the most profitable
investment yon ever made. We have printed a2O page booklet ex
plaining just why the soil needs these animal fertilizers and citing
instances of the profits produced. The information this booklet con
tains is worth hundreds of dollars to any farmer. It is free for the
asking. Send for it this minute while yoo have it in mind.
Union Meat Co. noiito" ibe2S^ ani>
other for $2.50 per barrel for the fruit.
After these sales, buyers left the
vicinity for perhaps two weeks. They
are returning now and are offering
$1.50 to $2.00 per barrel, barreled,
for No. 1 fruit. They seem very con
fident in their otters, but are not ap
proaching any growers who are known
to have secured storage. It is report
ed that every inch of space has been
engaged all over the state, and the
buyers are citing this fact as an in
dication of an immense crop."
Here we have a case of the buyers
controlling the cold storage plants
so as to beat down the price of apples
yet in the hands of the growers.
Brete Hart was mistaken when he
wrote, "For ways that are dark and
tricks that are vain the heathen
Chinee is peculiar." The heathen
Chinee is not peculiar for here ia a
dark way and a trick by the apple
buyers of New York that leaves the
Chinaman a mile behind.
Some one may want to know if this
condition here depicted by a Wayne