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LATE POTATO BLIGHT.
Mrs. M. C. R., Chehalis. Wash.,
writes as follows: "Cleared a piece
of land last spring and planted it with
potatoes. Have a very fine crop;
blighted very little, about one in
sixty. Would it be all right to plant
potatoes another year? Would the
bligbt effect the next crop?"
Answer: She probably refers to
the Late Blight which has ruined so
many thousands of dollars worth of
potatoes this year. This potato blight
occurs worst in wet seasons and usual
ly attacks potatoes in July and
August. Muggy weather following
hot sunshine being the most propi
tious weather for this disease. It is
a distinct disease from Early Blight.
The Wyoming Experimental Station
has probably given more attention to
this disease than any other station in
the United States. This station re
ports that the Bordeaux Mixture is
the one remedy upon which to de
pend. It says further:
"It has been almost conclusively
proved that the rot of the tuber which
follows an attack of late blight is
really due to the infection of the
tuber by the spores which have fallen
upon the soil and which, in the course
of the season, are carried by rains or
irrigation waters into contact with
the tuber itself. Here it may begin
growth at once or it may develop
after the potato has been dug and
stored. Sometimes a large portion of
the crop is thus lost even after it has
been harvested. Thorough spraying
of the vines will, at the same time,
impregnate the surface of the soil
with the copper-sulphate solution.
Thus not only is the formation of any
considerable number of spores pre
vented, but the spores that do happen
to reach the soil are destroyed.
"It is believed that the spores of
the fungus do not live through the
winter. If that be true the mycelium
of the fungus must either live over
in the dead tops that are left strewn
about the Held, or else the tubers
carry the disease over from one season
to the next. The latter is thought
the more probable, as it has been seen
that the blighting of the tops (if not
checked by spraying) is very likely to
be followed by rot of the tubers,
either before or after digging. Of
course, no one would think of plant
ing badly rotted potatoes, but those
that are but slightly affected may
escape notice. These, if planted,
will be sufficient to start the infection
the next year, and once started it
soon goes over the Held."
From this it will be seen that the
spores are very likely to be in the
ground, and it would be unwise to
plant the same ground again next
jear. However, potato growers do
this repeatedly, saviug themselves by
using tbe Bordeaux spray two or
three times during the growing season.
THE RAISING OF CALVES.
South Prairie, Wash., Oct. 22, 1912.
Editor The Ranch:
I would like to address a few words
to the person who inquired concern
ing the raising of calves with small
amount of milk. Your advice is
correct but at the same time it can
be done. T commenced with one cow
without any knowledge of rearing
calves, and learned by experience. I
l.,st some but raised more, and really
made a good profit. I gave them as
muob milk as possible and commenced
with it gruel of just one or two table
spoonsful of Hour increased gradually
in order that indigestion might not
set in. When they became accustomed
to the change I commenced with a
E. M. or very fine shorts, with equal
caution. Care must be taken not to
over feed. I have heard of various
feeds and methods but this has been
mine. Doubtless, bread soaked soft
in warm milk and water would be
wholesome for the first two or three
weeks, the critical time. Some recom
mend keeping calves with no exercise,
especially to fatten them, but snch is
not my experience. For if well fed
they will exercise in order to aid
digestion and improve appetites. I
know this is somewhat difficult but
prospects of a shortage of cows will
likely make it a paying business.
MRS. G. W.
New World's Transcontinental
Victoia, B. C, Oct. 16.—Thomas
W. Wilby and P. V. Haney, the two
hardy transcontinental motorists, who
left Halifax, N. S., August 27th in a
Reo arrived here today amid great
enthusiasm. This completes the first
cross-continent automobile trip via
an all Canadian route ever made, a
feat that hitherto many times has
been attempted by other motorists
and promptly abandoned owing to the
primitive conditions of the roads in
many sections of Canada. Now that
Wilby and Haney have conquered the
gumbo swamps, unblazed mountain
trails and escaped the dangers of the
scores of yawning precipices en
countered both day and night in their
strenuous 5,000-mile transcontinental
trip they have well won a place among
the world's classics for hardihood and
steady-going reliability in motoring
as well as won a lasting gratitude from
every believer in good roads.
For many days it has been doubtful
whether the pathfinders would ever
reach this city under their car's own
power because of the havoc which the
heavy rains have played upon the
gumbo swamps and dangerous mount
ain trails and now that they are with
us local motorists are unanimous in
their praise for the successful ter
mination of their hazardous venture.
Wilby and Haney left Halifax, Nova
Scotia on August 27th for Victoria,
British Columbia in search of an all
Canadian highway from coast to coast.
Their route lay via Truro, (Nova
Scotia) Moncton, N. 8., St. John,
Fredericton, Revierede-Loup, Que
bec, Three Rivers, Montreal, Ottawa,
Belleville, Toronto, Sudbury, Sault
Ste Marie, Port Arthur, Bat Portage,
Winnipeg, Brandon, Regina, Medicine
Hat, (Alberta) Calgary from thence
to Nelson and Victoria, B. C.
In the hundieds of cities, towns and
villages through which the intrepid
and gamy pathfinders trudged their
irksome way the warm-hearted
Canucks were one in showering their
welcome, adulation and Godspeed.
The keys of Canada were literally
handed over to them, a happy con
trast to the wet blanket which Jupiter
Pluvius has been wont to throw on
the popular good roads enterprise
from start to finish in the heavy
rains that he has been continuously
visiting upon the Canadian pathfind
ers. In thus winning a new world's
transcontinental record they will
merit the gratitude and honor of
their fellow motorists in Canada and
the United States.
A. D. Hudson, of TaDgent, Oregon,
is one of the up-to-date breeders of
Berkshire swine of the Pacific North
west. His farm is at Tangent, Ore
gon. In a recent issue we ran a
picture on the front page of two of
his champion sows. Mr. Hudson
stated at the King County Fair that
he had sold close to $4000 worth of
stock from his herd, the bulk of these
going to Western Washington. Mr.
Hudson is more than fair with his
customers. He pays the express and
ships subject to approval. How he
can do this is a mystery to some of
his live stock competitors, but giving
a ■quart deal and expecting the same
will generally get it as he never had
but one returned. He showed twenty
three hogs at the King County Fair,
and before he got around the circuit
be had sold all but five of these. If
you want a nice, young Berkshire
boar, or a trio of pigs, write him.
(PAID ADVERTISEMENT) __.
King County Fair Bonds |YES|
You Should Vote for this
BECAUSE—A County Fair should have a permanent home, it is
unwise to spend public money on leased property.
BECAUSE—It will build up the country, and thereby develop
commerce with the city, benefitting country and city
BECAUSE—The exhibiting of the farm and factory products of
the county stimulates investment.
The following country organizations
have unanimously endorsed the
proposition to vote the $280,000
bond issue to buy the Meadows:
King County Pomona No. 13, representing 19 granges, the
county organization of farmers, having a membership of nearly
Valley Central Grange, Kent.
Meridian Grange, Kent.
White River Grange, Orillia.
Sunnydale Grange, Seattle.
Dcs Moines Grange, Dcs Moines.
Cherry Valley Grange, Duval.
Bellevue Grange, Bellevue.
Happy Valley Grange, Redmond.
Lakeside Grange, Seattle.
Bothel Commercial Club.
Kirkland East Side Federated Clubs.
Renton Commercial Club.
Auburn Commercial Club.
Duwamish Commercial Club.
Georgetown Commercial Club.
The country districts believe that the city voter will support
this small bond issue to acquire a permanent home for a County
Fair, with the same vote as did the country districts when voting
bonds to the extent of $5,000,000 for the Lake Washington Canal
and the Harbor Improvements in Seattle.
A County Fair is a Good Investment for the
A Permanent Location is Necessary.
There are only two questions to consider:
First, Location; Second, Price.
The Board of Directors made a thorough investigation as to
this property, (taking into consideration a fair valuation for the
improvements) and represent that the price is reasonable, and
that it will grow to become a valuable county asset, and furnish a
permanent home for a County Fair.
D. McINNES, President, Seattle.
J. D. DEAN, Secretary, Seattle.
C H. Burnett, Jr. Seattle J. I. Gilmore, Auburn
A. S. Burrows, Seattle C. R. Campbell, Bellevue
Homer L. Bull, Seattle J. P. Jorgenson, Zenith
J. W. Kahls, Seattle Herman Nelson, Orillia
E. F. Wweeney, Seattle Lon A. Shimp, Vashon
A. M. Robinson, Richmond Beach L. Y. Williams, Kent
Geo. McFarland, So. Seattle
Directors King County Fair Association.