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By Geo. Severance, Superintendent
Western Washington Experiment
Frequent inquiries are received by
the Station requesting the analysis of
a certain sample of soil, in order to
find out just what it will grow. For
the benefit of interested parties we
wish to state that a chemical analysis
is of very insignificant importance in
determining just what a soil will pro
duce. The fact is that nearly every
ordinary fruit, vegetable and field
crop, barring peculiar or unusual soils
or crops of quite limited adaptability,
is being grown successfully on nearly
every ordinary kind of soil where
other important factors are right.
These other necessary factors include
condition of soil drainage, amount
and distribution of moisture supply
throughout the growing season, eleva
tion and topography as affecting air
drainage and tendency to frost, slope
and exposure (north, south, east,
west) aa affeoting earliness and general
warmth of tract; physical condition
of the soil as affecting the warmth
and earliness, ability to retain moist
ure through leaching, and last, but
not least, tillage and general manage
ment as affecting the development of
available feitility, retention of moist
ure in dry weather, eradication of
weeds and the development of proper
physical condition for the free and
rapid development of plant roots.
Chemical analyses show all farm crops
to contain the same elements but in
varying proportions and all fairly
good soils to contain those same ele
ments in quantities that would re
quire years to completely exhaust
whatever crop might be grown. The
chemical analyses show the total
amounts of the plant food elements
Lime and Sulphur
Pure, Strong and Free from Sediment
V Lilly's Lime and Sulphur is guaranteed
m to be as highly concentrated as it is pos-
II sible to make. Every can and barrel is
■ tested and the strength stamped on the
I label so that you know exactly what
1^ to use. Price List and Spray Book
Z*!**l^^ sent on request.
M &tk^^<±. Lilly's Spray Book contains much
m jJT'^jC^>'^^S^ information >* Diseases and Pests
f .Al/>fc "^WV*» i and how to treat them.
S^iOjF JE7I"S Cha«- H- Lily Co-
JP*Jt<V-^L' MM SEATTLE. WASH.
.-->'Xi2V, tsSmr^L Dorit keep digging like this!
~*vStHSj^£iiC/~ Msmim]i?3&*- The product of 25 hens for one week
y&£\.W\<-!&>£fMyMJ&x2&*^M!te will buy a case of Giant Stumping
-vJaS'Jftjß^.^^aNßl^B^^ Ponder. That will, if intelligently
"" '^^ST^QaP-^^^f^^^^ used, do more and better work than
-^^SsfeS^cT 1'7 you can in two weeks.
GIANT Nitro Glycerine STUMPING POWDER
Ib Bdentiflcally made and not a guess so product or 0$ .
a compound made to meet a competitive price made Mtk. iff
by Borne other party All I ask Is you buy a case. / 'I>llHtl —-v I/I
Try each btick carefully and see just what is the re- • MB .^T 1*"1 i4> "1
suit, dollar for dollar comparison Is your proof, you | ■/- > t'jb^n "Jj
will be satisfied. 1 have powder for Dltchiug, Sub jj^/C^ iflwitj^^/t yf
Write me for what you 'v«nt and get a prompt _■— Vfejfv )JRsgi ()■ ~**3^*^
Greo. 15. V<l«il- Tm^^^^^S^
514-516 First Avo. So.. Seattle, Wash. «JS,«jP^iiiii«ij3^i :^=== -
Distributing Agent for Giant Powder Company, Con.
but only a very small amount of these
elements is available to the plant at
any one time, rarely enough to carry
a crop through one season. The real
fertility of the soil or its crop pro
ducing capacity will depend then
upon the rapidity witb which the
large store of insoluble fertility is
made available, and this in turn will
depend upon thoroughness of tillage
and maintaining an abundance of
humus in the soil. A poor soil,
chemically, well handled may develop
available fertility faster than a rich
one poorly handled. This difference
in rapidity of development of avail
able plant food according to tillage
and management may be so great and
bear so little relation to the actual
chemical composition of the soil that
little shades of difference shown in
gross chemical composition mean
practically nothing in determining
the adaptability of the soil to different
On the other hand an examination
of the physical condition helps con
siderably. If the . soil is sandy we
know that it will be a warmer and
quicker soil than if heavier and will
be adapted to crops that should be on
the market early or should make a
quick growth. If very heavy it will
be a colder soil and probably adapted
to the slower growing or full season
crops or those that do not specially
require a warm soil. If very coarse
we know that it will not endare drouth
satisfactorily and will not carry crops
well that should make their best
growth or be fruiting during the dry
est period, nor crops that naturally
require an abundance of moisture.
If neither very coarse nor very heavy
we know that it may be used satis
factorily for almost any crop that
grows if the local climatic conditions
are favorable and market and labor
conditions make the crop desirable.
In short, it is only when soils are
found to be very coarse, or very fine,
or very mucky that we figure the mere
composition of the soil to be a large
factor in determining what it is best
The station examines samples of
soil as to physical conditiop and as
to acidity but cannot advise wisely
without answers to the following
1. Is the soil well drained, natural
ly or artificially? If not can it be
2. Has the tract good air drainage
%ttflfl£' We Want Ten Million Dollars' Worth of Furs
JHw^ Biggest Prices! Better Grading! Most Money by Return Mail!
/s?%ll£3i BiHk Those aro the ad vantage you have in sending your furs to Funsten. We
AWuB ■SSSSR are the largest in the world in our line. The biggest American. Canadian
YZJHMHHHHUK^ and Knrop.-iin buyers are represented at our regular gales. Competition for
i'l«k d »Til »1 »1 •* »1«^ Funsten Furs is greatest. As we Bell furs in larger quantities and get more
/aM 11 f.l ■■ m >T*_Ev\ pot cash, we con pay you more cosh for yours than you can get anywhere.
9fJlJ|B||BnK\ We count on largo volume of business and small margin of profit. No travel
/>,r//WM+i ■11 ii aHS^V ing buyers—do all our business direct with you. Wo want ten million dol
//j|S^U^^^^^3^^i •nrs' worth of furs. We want your shipments, anything—from one skin up.
'JK3^i^^^^^^^^^H^M>»SS Big Money in Trapping Do trapping during spare time. It's good
MftAzi •! a affia Big money in Trapping Bpor t kU n a} « big. Mink, coon, skunk.
IWfk MIH **^\ra muskrat. fox. wolf, lynx, white weasel and all kind* of fur« are valuable.
?Mfl Rin^ T.. v To accommodate trappers and shippers we furnish traps, including
MMmßSmaß6®M!i TrapS the famous VICTOR at factory cost. Largest stock in U. 8.
iM&II^MUMi^gSSSM r,,«,i,« A M : Ma | Rail Guaranteed to increase your catch or money
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■ LARGESTBf Guide; Game Laws and Trapper's Supply Catalog-three books in one-For Market
I IN THE 'iHHt' Reports, Funsten Safety Fur Shipping Tags, etc. ALL FREE. l«)
I world IPP Funsten Bros. & Co., 354 Funsten L S^_Loul«_Mo l
or is it subject to local frosts?
3. What is thte condition and char
acter of the subsoil down two, three
and four feet?,
4. What is the elevation as com
pared to the surrounding land?
5. What is the topography (level of
6. What is the exposure (north,
south, east, west facing)?
7. What of the more delicate crops
are found growing in the same general
locality as an evidence of the possi
bilities of the climate?
8. Give any information regarding I
local labor, transportation or market
facilities that may influence the pre
ference as to crops.
To illustrate: A sample of good
loam soil is received, accompanied
with the request: "Analyze this soil
and tell me what it will grow." Now
so far as the soil is concerned it would
grow anything successfully from
watermelons to hay or grain, but lack
of drainage would restrict to hardy
vegetables or forage crops, local frost
conditions due to lack of air drainage
would eliminate the delicate fruits,
labor conditions might eliminate
certain otherwise valuable crops for
which all other conditions might be
suitable. Again, all conditions might
be right for the growth of the most
valuable crops except that the slip
shod character of the man would unfit
him for growing anything except the
crudest or hardiest crops. The fore
going consideration should make ap
parent the fallacy of expecting a mere
chemical analyses of a sample of a
soil to tell exactly what crops it is
best fitted to grow.
LOSSES BY INSECT PESTS.
The time has come when, if ever,
the farmers and fruit growers of
America must be aroused to the point
where they will put forth some in
dividual activity in remedying the
evil that has arisen through the de
struction of insectivorous birds.
Heretofore, the American farmera, as
a class, have left the greater portion
of the burden of protecting wild life
to other people. Now the time has
come when they must put such pres
sure on congress that a law for the
federal protection of migratory birds
will be passed at the next session.
Annual losses by insect pests are
estimated at $20,000,000.
The codling motb aod curculio apple
pests cost us about 88,250,000 a year
for spraying operations and $12,000,
--000 a year in shrinkage of value in
tbe apple crop.
The chinch bug wheat pest some
times costs us $20,000,000 a year.
The cottonboll weevil costs the cot
ton planters $20,000,000 a year.
The tree insect pests cost the natioa
$100,000,000 a year.
The grasshoppers, cut-worms, army
worms, wire-worms, leaf-hoppers and
other insects cost the nation annually,
more millions than can be counted
separately; but the total for all in
sect pests is $20,000,000. Now. Dave
we not paid this price about long
The value of the birds destroyed as
"game" and for "food" i 9 not equal
to 1-one-thousandth of the value they
would save to the national wealth, if
permitted to live.
Regarding the slaughter of our
birds, the iocrea9e of insect pests, and
the losses they inflict upon us, the
great mass of the American people
are sound asleep. The situation is
illogical, absurd and intolerable. A a
reasoning beings it is our duty to
take hold of this subject like men,
stop the abuse, stop tbe disgrace and
avoid some of the loss. —Live Stock
Second only in attendance and the
number of targets shot at to the
Grand American Handicap, the sixth
annual shoot of the Westy Hogans
held its fleeting sway, September 18
--20, at Atlantic City. Disagreeable
weather conditions made the brilliant
work of tne shooters all the more re
markable. Every contest was hard
fought and all the winnings were
richly deserved. The banner event
of the meet, the championship of the
Westy Hogans, was won by G. H.
Newcomb, of Philadelphia, 99x10t
and 19x20 in shoot off, shooting Rem
ington-UMC Arrow steel lined shells.
Mr. Newcomb also captured high
amateur average, 431x450, 24x25 ia
sboot off, using the same amunition.
J. S. Young shot his way to the Bull
Durham trophy, 146x150, with Rem
t are valuable to us. Your name in our posses- 1
sion will be just as valuable to you. We pay the
highest prices for furs. Ship them to us.
Us. Send today tor price
PWjVj^^P «^iv "•*' and ta*s ~tht V
K^raliilpll rect Buyers,
7\jM'JE~»» i%BMpMHt Commiuian.
VMM 10 to 50% more money for you to Haw Fur*.
- %ti/> llitrKt- and Cattle Hide* to us than to »ell at hums.
'*<Wl Write for Price List, market report, shipping Un
'«;book Hunters' and Trappers' Guide
thins on the subject ever written.
V Must rut in« all Fur Aiilim*!*. I.enth«r
F X. X^C* hound, WO po«ch. Price«».oO. To Hid*
\\" nnclFurßhipi»orß,#i.a.".. Wrlt.i.xluir.
AMMJtsCH IUBOB.. l»ept 79. . Mlnneaixilla. Mla»
HFMf^fAQAZINE, all about
/M H*rU" huiuiiiK, trapping,
Kf^^^^Q^ '""*>'. raw furs, uhms ; good stories and
•^*"«*V V^ photos, B Market prices and name« of
reliable fur dealer*. Erery trapper, hunter and dealer
needs Pub News Magazikk. Copy, .1 Oc.j 3 months, 2ftc-.
FUR NEWS PUB. CO.. 71 W. 23d St.. New York, Roam 540
_ .^■^^fcHIINTHKI TRAPPERS I BUYERS!
JtoflßP' nUHItnO! Make More Money. lU«4
V J^KL~ . Hunter-Trader-Trapper l»*-aoo par*
■ i i^^^^^9i.tOßgtula» about (came, truiiH, Joh.
rum, fish, root*, trapping secrets, 10« Camp & Trail, 1»-
Mpage weekly,Bamesubject», raw fur report*, prloe«, &«.
A. R. HAROINO, Publisher. Box 8«» Columbus. Ohio .