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fallacy in the argument of some
dairymen that their lack of property
is due entirely to the low prices of
dairy milk. While the price of milk
should unquestionably be raised in
many localities, it is equally true
that the quality of the cows kept by
the dairymen should also be raised.
There are many good cows who on
account of lack of proper feed and
care fail to produce enough to make
a profit. A dairyman speaking of
one of his neighbors who was to have
a sale of milch cows in a few days
said: "He will be considered the
biggest liar in the neighborhood in
six months. He is able to make his
cows produce large quantities of milk
because he knows how to feed and
care for them, but when his neighbors
who buy them on his statement as to
their ability to produce, take them
home and care for them as they are
now caring for the cows they already
have, they will fail to produce the
guaranteed quantity of milk, and the
men, not realizing that the fault is
their own, will accuse him of lying to
them at the time of the sale. "
I have known dairymen who utter
ly failed to practice the first principle
of feeding, and that is to give the
cow all she wants to eat. They ignore
the fact that the cow must have
enough feed to maintain the body
and nourish the growing foetus and
that it is only after this has been
supplied that they expect the cow to
give anything in the way of milk. It
is true that a cow will produce milk
on a feed ration which is less than
that required to maintain her body,
but this is done only at the oost of
the body tissues and stored up fat.
Last April I visited 60 dairies in one
of the best dairy sections in New
York. The cows on the whole were
the best dairy cows 1 have ever seen.
Many of the dairymen were feeding
and caring for these cows in a way
which gave them splendid returns,
but there were several dairymen who
were limiting the rations to bare sub
sistence. The cows of these dairy
men were in a very emaciated condi
tion, and, while giving some milk,
did so at'a loss.
The kind of feed which makes up a
ration must be governed largely by
the price, and this price often differs
with different localities. A feed
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('^2^^sSSSb,^ Wbrlds Greatest
'^jr^%~^^j?js^^^^"^^^^~^ "Seventyyears ago (in 1843) Peter Schuttler *^%^
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vli§s *n ? world, with a plant that covers over 20 acres, still owned and under '%fe,
<gS* > the active personal management of Peter Schuttler's grandsons. <Sgg*.
£§§?" The Old Reliable Peter Schuttler Wagons No inferior materials ever enter our factory, and -Sgj,
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f Peter Schuttler Roller Bearing j
H The Greatest Improvement of Farm Wagons in 50 Years §§
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which can be economically fed in one
locality, might not be so fed in an
other. Some feeds the farmer grows
on his farm, and while not so good a
feed as some of the feeds which he
can buy, may be more economically
fed, even though the amount of milk
produced may be less.
There are a few general principles,
however, which every dairyman should'
keep in mind regarding the ration he
is giving his cows. First —that there
are two general classes of feeds, pro
tein and carbohydrates. The first is
used in building up the body tissues
and the growing foetus, and if the
cow is giving milk, it is from this I
food that the casein or curd is pro- j
duced. The latter furnishes the heat j
and energy to the body, and the sur
plus is used in building up the body
fat. The protein feed can sometimes !
do the work of the carbohydrates, !
but under no circumstances can the j
carbohydrates take the place of the '
proteins, as they contain no nitrogen,
which is one of the elements which
make up the protein feeds and which
is required in all the functions of this
class of feeds. Care should be ex
ercised not to have a ration which is
too constipating or too laxative, and
it should contain sufficient bulk to
make it eisy for digestion, but not to
the extreme that it will require too
| much energy to masticate and digest
it. This feeding and caring for the
cows is second only to the cow t er
self in importance as a factor in
cheap milk production.
THE NEW YEAR.
The old year with its sadness, its
sorrows, its pleasures and its joys has
passed into the realms of things that
were and the new year is open before
us. "Let the dead past bury its
dead" insofar only as we place behind
us those acts which were not creditable
to us, and let us welcome the new
born year with a determination to
make it better than the last. All
have had their sorrows, some greater
and some less, but not one of us has
realized all that we desired during
the year that has gone. Not one of
us will realize all we desire of the
year that is before us. Possibly it is
better so. Possibly some of our de
sires are bettter unfulfilled.
How often we see that trouble and
trials bring out the real worth of men
aud women. Many never know their
strength until they are put to some
great test; nor know thoir weakness
until they are put to a trial. How
easy it is for those who never are
tempted, or whose lines are placed in
sunny places, to find fault and criti
cise those who appear less successful
and those who make up the soamy
side of society. Possibly if those
who are so free to criticise knew all
the circumstances they would find
less fault and learn that thoy whom
they look down up'Ui are really having
greater success in life than them
selves. Possibly if they were subject
to the same temptations as those
whom they criticise or placed in the
same trying positions they would
prove to be less worthy then the onos
criticised. A great change has oome
I over the people in the laat tenj years.
Before that the only God that was
worshipped in the American nation
was the money God. We are learning
fast that money is not all. We are
learning that character counts. We
are learniug that the men and women
of the community who give unselfish
ly of their time and labor for the up
building of character in schools,
churches and society are of more real
value to the community then those
who accumulate the largest fortunes.
We have a long way to go yet before
we realize all this, but we are learn
ing and the quicker wo learn it the
better for all. Let the new year teach
us this among other good things.
The world is not getting worse but
better. Let all assist in helping this
spirit of broader charity and stronger
Yon don't know how much real comfort you
can take out of a rainy day until you have
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