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two or three miles she suddenly
wheeled about and started for home
full speed. She was followed by a
person driving a good fast horse, try
ing to head her oft. Being frighten
ed and trying to keep ahead of the
horse, she ran for a quarter of a mile
before she could be stopped. For
about two weeks after this I noticed
the cow coughing a good deal, but
knew nothing of the running away
until after the calf was born about
ten days later. Am I right in think
ing the cult" was born pre-mature?
The cow was bred on the 11th of
December, 1911, and the calf came
on the 9th of September, 1912. The
cow did not "bag up" when the calf
was born and did not give a teacup of
milk at a milking. The calf was un
usually small and weak at birth. It
was necessary fo have the veterinary
come on the third day and remove
the afterbirth. Is it not highly prob
able that since there seems to be no
other cause, that the excitement from
the running away, and the overheat
ing and exertion from the trip would
be injurious to a cow in her condi
tion? W. J. M. Interbay, Wash.
Answer: We cannot account for
the peculiar condition of your cow
unless it is due to the exertion men
tioned. We have known whore over
heating and exertion have resulted
injurously, and this could be ex
pected with a cow that is about to
freshen. If you have given the cor
rect dates the calf was not boru pre
mature, aud in some cases the udder
does not show signs of milk until the
calf is born. From the fact that you
had to secure the assistance of a
veterinarian leads us to believe that
you have not given the correct dates
in which case the calf came a month
early. It would bo impossible for us
to give the proper directions for
handling the cow since it requires
some one on the spot to do this.
Perhaps I,.careful regulation of feed
giving plenty of succulence with a
good bran mash would help to bring
her in good shape. Under no circum
stances should a cow be forced to
exert herself as this cow has done,
and especially when so near the time
of calving, and although it is impos
sible to say definitely as to the cause,
it seems probable that some vital
organ has been deranged by the over
exertion, with a subsequent imparing
of the milk-secreting functions.
WHAT TO FEED IN WESTERN
Question: Would like to get in
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rill Ik disc attachment ami all-steel wheel—new this year. mirt^^jt
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*X _K^.s!wJ«Vk We carry itocK lv Ban Krnucinoo. Ageu^. uear ,'M^^tT . -"V?\i If V 'Ift \
XiJ |l 'WaW——ill Mill 'I I
Western Washington. I nm milking
a herd of 20 Ayrshires, buying all
my feed on the market. At present I
am feeding alfalfa hay, bran and
shorts. Kindly advise if this is an
economic feed and also the amount
of feed to briug best results. S, D.
B Regents Park, Wash.
Answer: It is comparatively an
easy matter to feed cows in a climate '
that is so well adapted to growing'
green feed nearly the year round, i
The ration you have mentioned lacks !
both in succulence and In carbohy
drates, and wo would advise adding
30 pounds of roots, silage or kale and
also some ground oats or barley.
Under your condition we would make
the ration about as follows: Thirty
pounds of succulence, alfalfa hay as
much as she will consume, and for a
grain ration mix one part ground
oats to one part bran and shorts and
feed one pound of this mixture to
three and one-half pounds milk.
IS IT SAFE TO INBREED?
Question: I would like to know
whether or not it is practical to breed
a heifer to her father? The animal
in question is a Jersey and there is
no other pure bred bull in this locality.
Answer: Under ordinary condi
tions it would not be considered safe
to practice inbreeding, especially in
Jerseys. They have been inbred to
such an extent on the Island, their
imtive home, as to weaken thoir con
stitution. If, however, you wish to
fix a desirable characteristic and
both animals show strong constitu
tions, it may prove wise to in breed
as you have suggested.
RED WATER AGAIN.
Quostion: I have a cow troubled
with the red water since last summer.
The last month she has been getting
worse until she passes cloggy or foamy
blood and gone nearly dry. She was
fresh last April 23rd, was served
September 21st. Am feeding clover
hay aud rutabagas. Have tried alum
with no success. D. W. Seattle,
Answer: Members of the Station
staff of the Washington State College
Experiment Station have been in
vestigating the so-called red water in
cattle for a number of years past.
Up to this time, however, no satis
factory method of treatment has been
discovered, neither have we been
able to discover the cause of this dis
ease. Many drugs when given to
animals ait'ected with the disease
seem in some cases to render tem
porary relief, that is, there is a sub
sidence of the bloody urine* if you
wish to try one of these I could
recommend your giving the follow
One ounce of calcium lactate in a
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quart of water as a drench once daily
until the symptoms have coased, then
discontinue until the symptoms again
If this treatment does not render
relief tbe best thing that 1 can recom
mend is to fatten tbe animal and dis
pose of her for beef.
The flesh of cows affected with red
water, if they bo in prime condition
and fat is perfectly wholesome, the
disease being a local one within the
No Summer Fallow in Moist Sections
That summer fallowing is a practice
long ago discontinued in humid dis
tricts is a statement marie recently
by Prof. H. D. Scudder of the Oregon
"It is throwing money in the river
to summer fallow here in this moist
part of the stato us tour times the
amount of plant loods that the crop
can use is brought out and loaches
away in the drainage" he said. "It
is necessary in Eastern Oregon how
ever where the climate is dry."
1 'The yield per aero is the measure
Of successful farming. Farmers of
Oregon have for too long spread them
selves over too much land and thus
cut their profits and into their store
of soil fertility. The problem of the
Oregon farmer is to maintain the
fertility of his land taking off crops
Of increasing value without depleting
the yielding power of the soil."
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