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to have some of this kind of bay all
the year around. Whether carrots or
beets should be used would depend
upon which one you can get the
cheapest If you are raising them
the one that will give you the highest
yield per acre at the least cost is the
one you should use as they both till
practically the same place in the ra
tion, the carrots fitting in a little
better with alfalfa hay than the beets.
A good grain ration to feed in ad
dition would be equal parts by weight
of bran and ground oats. Feed all the
bay the cow will eat up clean, and
about (hree pounds of roots daily for
every hundred pounds live weight of
the animal. The grain ration should
be fed in tbe proportion of one pound
for every three or three and one-half
pounds- of milk produced.
In the case grain hays are fed, 1
would prefer beets to carrots, and
mix the grain in the proportion of
two parts by weight of bran to one of
rolled oats, feeding in the same pro
portions as noted above.
Teat Leakage; Flies
Question: Kindly tell me a cure
for teat leakage, and also a good
spray for cows. E. F. S., Hoquiam,
Answer: There seems to be no
known treatment for teat leakage, but
fairly good results are obtained by
smearing a little collodion over the
end of the teat after each milking.
The collodion is easily removed at
Presumably you refer to a spray to
keep the flies from bothering the cows
during the late summer. There are
several brands of fly sprays on the
market, most of which are chieflfy
composed of some coal tar product
with an addition of flsh oil or pine
tar. In experiments that have bern
conducted with many of these sprays
it has been found that while in some
cases they tend to make the cow less
restless, in no case did t^ey increase
the milk flow. The fact that the
sprays have a disagreeable odor has a
tendency to keep flies away, and for
this purpose the sprays can be used
to good advantage in the barn, and
around the yard. Directions for
THE UNIVER SAL MILKER
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Here's a Milker that is
Always "On the Job"
One of the most serious problems before the
dairyman Is securing reliable and compe
tent milkers. You have often had no end
of trouble when a milker suddenly quit, or
when you found he was incompetent,
haven't you? You can avoid all these
troubles by installing a
I want to tell you more about this machine
and show it to you in operation. It will
Have money for you and at the price It sells
for, you cannot afford to be without It The
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EC RI TPMQ Distributor for
. Hi. DURIIO, Washington.
MOUNT VERNON, WASH.
SILVER BIRCH FARM JERSEYS
BRED HEIFERS AND BULL CALVES FOR SALE.
Write for illustrated pamphlet today.
CHAS. M. TALMADGE, R. I. Box R, Newport, Wash.
making the spray will be found upon
the container in which the spray is
Question: 1 have been trying to
raise calves I bought when tive days
old, but have been losing so many
with bloody flux and dysentery.
What can I do for them? One
rancher said 1 could use tnnnic acid
and water. Edwin L. D., Burke,
Answer: The disease which you
have mentioned seems to be the infec
tious or white ecouxs, and nearly al
ways proves fatal. The calf is usually
sick from the beginning. The disease
germ gains access to the calf's body
through the navel. The fact that
several cases occur in - succession
would indicate that it is infectious.
The trouble may be avoided by
making sure that the calf is dropped
in a clean stall; and that it is not al
lowed to come in contact with dirt or
manure until the cord is dry. As a
precautionary measure it is well to
tie up the cord at birth, aud to apply
a mild disinfectant such as a weak
solution of creolin or zenoleum.
There is nothing that can be done for
the sick animal in the case of white
If the scours is caused from in
digestion, it is well to add a tea
spoonful per pint of milk of a mix
ture of one-half ounce of formalin to
15>fc ounces of water, cutting the milk
down to one-half the usual amount,
After two or three feeding periods
the milk given may again be increased
to the usual quantity. The formalin
should be given for two or three
Another good remedy is to give a
drench of three ounces of castor oil
in a pint of milk. This may be fol
lowed by a teaspconful of a mixture
of one part salol and two parts sub
nitrate of bismuth, three times daily,
two or three days until the condition
of the animal improves.
1 have never heard of tannic acid
being used for this purpose.
GROUND PHOSPHATE ROCK
High grade tine ground phosphate
rock has been put on the market by
the United States Phosphate Co., of
Salt Lake, Utah. Heretofore phos
phate has been sold in the West in
connection with other mixed ferti
lizers in the form of phosphoric acid,
being rather expeusive in that form.
The ground rock ia both cheaper and
its effects rnoie lasting. The Urbaua,
Illinois, station has been experiment
ing with ttie ground phosphate rock
with most astonishing results in in
crease of yield of grain. A dressing
of it on clorer lands and on the berry
fields is likely to increase the yields.
The soils of the Coast section are
much improved with liberal dressings
of potash, ground rock phosphate
and lime, for these stimulate the
growth of clover, vetch and pea crops
which in turn are storing nitrogen in
the soil in proportion as they become
heavy yiblders. As the phosphate
rock can be applied any time without
its effects being lost, but preferably
in the growing season of spring, ex
periments should be made in numer
ous localities with dressings, if only
on a plot of clover a few feet square,
in order to determine results with
adjoining untreated laud. It can be
obtained in 100-pouud lots or in
smaller packages through the parcel
IT DOESN'T TAKE AN EXPERT THE MAN WHO TAKES EVEN
knowledge of mechanics or a long the first step indicated in seeing
working test to tell the difference for himself the difference between
between the De Laval and other the De Laval and other cream
cream separators. separators doesn't put his money
nW THF POMTPARV WITH A IQI4 into anY Other machine One time
ON THL LONTKAKY, Wlln A 1914 m a t nousan( i
De Laval machine placed beside pomparativft y ffw
any other separator the diflerence THE COMPARATIVELY FEW
is apparent at first sight to the b^ ers °f other separators are
man who never saw a separator those who mere y read printed
u e f ore matter claims or listen to the ar
gument of some dealer working
IF HE WILL THEN TAKE FIVE for a commission, and who do not
minutes to compare the separat- think it worth while to see the
ing bowl construction; the size, difference for themselves,
material and finish of the working THE WISE BUY ER OF A CREAM
parts, particularly those subject separator today does see this
to wear and requiring to be occa- difference when buying his fir.t
sionally taken apart and put to- separator, while the unwise or
gether; the manner of oiling and care iess one usually finds it worth
everything which enters into the while t0 do so when he comes t0
design and construction of a sep- b Becond cream separator a
arator as a simple durable ma- or two later
chine, he will still further see -Jitpv r>F i avat apfnt pom
the difference. EVERY DE LAVAL AGENT CON
siders it a privilege to show the
IF HE WILL GO A STEP FARTHER difference between the De Laval
and turn the cranks of the two an d other separators, and to afford
machines side by side for half an every prospective buyer the op
hour, particularly running milk portunity to try out and prove the
or water through the bowl, he difference to his own satisfaction,
will see still more difference. if O n the first examination he
AND IF HE WILL TAKE THE TWO feels the slightest doubt about it.
machines home, as every De Laval THAT'S THE REASON WHY FOUR
agent will be glad to have him do, buyers ont of five are buying De
and run them side by side in prac- Laval Cream Separators in 1914,
tical use, the De Laval one day and and why the use of De Laval
the other machine the next, for a machines will, before long, be
couple of weeks, he will see still nearly as universal on the farm
greater difference in everything as already is the creamery and
that enters into cream separator milk plant use of power or factory
practicability and usefulners. separators.
De Laval Dairy Supply Company
165 Broadway 101 Drumm Street 1016 Western Avenue
NEW YORK SAN FRANCISCO SEATTLE
50,000 BRANCHES AND LOCAL AGENCIES THE WORLD OVER
PURE BRED REGISTERED
Bred for Type and Milk Production.
Every animal is guaranteed to be absolutely as represented.
La Conner Flats Stock Farm
J. H. HULBERT, Jr. Mount Vernon, Wash.
BREWERS' DRIED GRAIN
Is the cheapest milk-producing feed you can buy.
Let us quote you prices. Drop us a card today.
PACIFIC BREWING & MALTING CO. TACOMA, WASH.