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graekle from Texas bad eaten at one
meal about 100 cotton boll worms,
besides a few other insects. A ring
necked pheasant's crop from Wash
ington contained 8,000 seeds of chick
weed and a dandelion's bead. More
than 72,000 seeds have been found in
a single ducks stomach taken in
Louisiana in February.
Birds Especially Useful
Bluebird's diet consists of 68 per
cent insects ani 32 per cent of vegeta
ble matter and fruits.
Kuby-crowned kinglet is one of the
worst enemies of scale insects.
Eighty-seven per cent of its food is
wasps, bugs, leaf hoppers, plant lice,
scale insects and other pests. The
rest of its food is mostly weed seeds.
Chickadee—About two-thirds of its
food is made up of beetles, ants,
wasps, flies, bugs, grasshoppers,
spiders, etc. The other one-third is
mostly seeds of weeds, vegetables,
Brown creeper eats no vegetable
matter, but feeds entirely on ants,
moths, wasps, insect eggs, scale and
other injurious insects.
House wren feeds on grasshoppers,
beetles, bugs, spiders, caterpillars,
cutworms, weevils, ticks and plant
Brown thrasher uses nearly all ani
mal food and scarcely any vegetables.
Myrtle warbler eats mostly insects,
scale and plant lice forming a consid
erable portion of its diet.
Loggerhead shrike feeds on beetles,
moths, caterpillars, ants, wasps.
Barn swallow feeds almost exclu
sively on insects taken on the wing,
such as flies, gnats and a few useful
Purple martin—More than tfaree
fourtbs of its food consists of wasps,
bugs, and beetles.
Song sparrow makes its diet about
three-fourths of noxious weeds, and
one-fourth of injurious insects.
Upland plover feeds on weevils,
beetles, wire worms, white grubs,
l////^« : ,-S : 6Q TO
WESTERN CANADA NOW
The opportunity of securing free^jlf
homesteads of 160 acres each, and %
the low priced lands of Manitoba, "s§
Saskatchewan and Alberta, will soon §|
have passed. g|
Canada offers a hearty welcome to.p
the Settler, to the man with a family
looking for a home; to the farmer's
son, to the renter, to all who wish to ||
live under better conditions. gg
Canada's grain yield in 1913 is the 1
talk of the world. Luxuriant Grasses p
give cheap fodder for large herds; cost |s
of raising and fattening for market p
is a trifle.
The sum realized for Beef, Butter, |
Milk and Cheese will pay fifty per ||
cent on the investment. Jp
Write for literature and particular" ip
as to reduced railway rates to
Superintendent of Immigration,
Ottawa, Canada, or to . ffTrlPi
Canadian tfCr3viN I
Government Agent. WH'j&C R'a, I
J. Grieve, fMVi\P^A
Cor. Ist and Post Streets, IV*rN^fl 4
Spokane, Wash. I fWjfri J ■
"Gleanings in Bee Culture" lA.
Three Month* 1 UC
Tbli great little magazine is packed with fact! ami
ideas worth dollars to you in learning bow to keep
bees or make tbem more profitable. How and when
to feed) bow to get more and better honey. FREE
book on "Bit SuppUti" with it. Send stamps or
sliver at our risk.
The A.I. Root Co., Box 11. 58 Suiter St., San Francisco, Cal.
rmy worms, cut worms, saw files,
horse flies, cattle ticks, etc.
The English sparrow is a pest. It
eats but few insects^feeds on fruits
as well as seeds and by combining in
numbers to tight the larger and more
useful birds, drives them away.
Make friends of all the useful birds
and see that the cats do not kill their
EQUILIBRIUM OF NUTRITIVE
There is in nature what has some
times been called the law of com
pensation. This term implies that in
order to spend on one side nature is
bound to economize on the other.
When nourishment flows to one part
in excess, it rarely flows of another
part in great degree. For instance,
if nourishment is required in large
measure to keep up the supply of
muscle necessary to the laborer, it
cannot supply, ordinarily, a large
amount of fat; a cow that*is a heavy
milker will not fatten, at least while
she is furnishing a good supply of
milk. In like manner if the seeds of
fruit are large, the fruit itself is gen
erally small; if there is a heavy crop
of fruit, the wood growth is general
ly not large, or if the wood growth is
small the fruit growth is more likely
to be large, provided the tree is get
ting sufficient nourishment. It is
important, therefore, to keep a prop
er equilibrium between the growth of
the wood and the production of fruit.
This can be done by thinning if the
fruit supply is too large, or pruning
to cut out the wood growth and throw
the vital forces into the fruit if the
fruit supply is not sufficiently large.
SPRAYING NOT DANGEROUS
"How soon after spraying with
arsenate of lead is it safe to cut clover
or alfalfa in an orchard and feed to
At one of the State Horticultural
Conventions of Washington the ques
tion was discussed: "Is there
danger to persons in eating apples,
without wiping, on which there is
still the arsenate of lead spray J"'
After discussing the question at
length it was decided, that it was
not possible to eat enough npples to
receive any perceptible injury on ac
count of poison. From this would
infer that it would not be possible
for a cow to eat enough alfalfa or
clover to receive any perceptible in
jury from poisoning with arsenate of
lead. Further, we spray our own or
chard sown to alfalfa, out the crop
whenever it is ready, feed the hay to
the horses and have noticed no in
jury; nor have we ever heard of stock
being injured in that way.
FOR ROOT MAGGOT
The government is still carrying on
the experimental work on the white
root maggot on Vashon Island. A re
port will not be out in time for use
To tbe present tbe best remedies
discovered are as follows:
First, three pints of lime slacked
to cream in a gallon of water with a
tablespoouful of crude carbolic acid
added and apply around the plant.
Second, tar paper discs around the
Third, Napthaline flakes, or moth
balls, put near the plant and renew
when evaporated. They are inexpen
sive and effective.
—a product of selected grades of California crude f||
oil, distilled and re-distilled, treated for the elimi- |||
nation of all foreign matter and by means of ex- |||
haustive laboratory tests, maintained at the most |||
rigid standards of uniformity and high quality —in El
short, the best gasoline the Standard Oil Company |i
can make. lgS
Red Crown signs are furnished to all dealers X
handling Red Crown Gasoline. Watch for the S|
Sign or ask our nearest I
agency about delivery in
J^^^^^^^^^ bulk. JeM
mmWk Standard Oil I
■I^s^) c*?",?," y m
4MfASM- Mr, Farmer
■^--%JkJji flStir^^L DorCt keep digginy like this!
- '^SS^Jm™^*'^ - "*mßE^ 'ifci he product of 25 hens for one week
'tfißtfjirZiM-^^Kfok will ftuV a case of Giant Stumping
'^^^^^^MMW^A Ponder, that will, if intelligently
used, do more and better work than
-j^J=^'^^-*LO a^ you can in two weeks.
GIANT Nitro Glycerine STUMPING POWDER
Is scientifically made and not a guess-so product, or |f>J
a compound made to meet a competitive price made ]\SL . J
by some other party. All I ask is you buy a case. , "itotrtJaißL^—^ ill
Try each stick carefully and see just what is the .' jJfi .^^ *—t4 Aj
result, dollar for dollar comparison is your proof. 4 /■ i7i\W
you will be satisfied. I have powder for Ditching, JkfV^ IJmm^m X.ifd<^/
Sub Irrigation, Mining, etc. £&&$. (^ ~" -^
Write me for what you want and get a prompt \^.ss!£r\ B&L^^J**9l^^^
<*!'<>. 15. vV<l;iii- jM^lh^^^
514-516 First Avo. So., Seattle, Wash. _ K^Si^i^L^,^.. '
Distributing Agent for Giant Powder Company/Con.
costs o- j One Man Stump Puller
"™ s-^fL [One man does the work. Many have cleared an acre a I Lj^
$30 iWm\ day, pulling 24 inch and 36 inch stumps. Weight9o lbs. L>'
FREIGHT v^lßi Bend for folder. Quick deliveries from Portland or fjrrs
PAID MlfiL. P° aDe ' W. E. MORRIBON, Dept. O &(!l/JCr
jT^WnSv 821 Riverside Aye. .Spokane, Wash ]EwJrf~^