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POULTRY ON THE FARM
By Harry H. Collier.
The average farmer makes little out
of his poultry for the simple reason
he does not give them the care that
is necessary to success. There is a
reason for the lack of cate that many
have not considered. The busy time
on the average farm is in the spring
of the year and that is the time when
one should be able to give poultry the
best of care.
Another reason for the lack of suc
cess is the fact that the average farm
er never sets an egg until some old
hen gets broody and for that reason
he never gets out the early pullet
that will return the quick profit. The
late hatched fowl is the one that
lays the following spring when every
other hen in the country is shelling
out their greatest number of eggs.
The farmer carried these pullets
through the winter at a costly outlay
lor feed and he does not get an egg
when tho prices are at their best. If
the farmer would get an early start
each spring, hatch his pullets in Feb
ruary and March, he could do it at a
time when the weather is such that he
could do little outside on the farm.
13y getting them out early he would
have pullets laying in October and
November when eggs are bringing
their best prices but in order to do
that the farmer must hatch the early
cnick with incubators. To put in an
incubator without having a decent
house in which to run would be use
less. If one would build a house
where the temperature could he held
around 75 degrees with no other heat
than that from the incubator, that
would make conditions that would
bring the 90 per cent hatch.
Brooding the early chicks is another
problem that must be looked into.
In order to make a success of tbe
early brood one must have a good
brood house in which to keep them.
He must have a brooder that will suc
cessfully keep the chicks at a heat of
90 degrees without going higher. The
farmer unlike the average fancier and
his wife has no time to watch a
brooder. He should have a machine
that would regulate itself under any
and all conditions. Such brooders
are not cheap affairs but they can be
had if one will pay for them. With a
well regulated brooder and a good in
cubator, the farmer would be able to
compete for the winter egg trade but
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Do the work at home. Costa little and saves
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me for particulars, prices, etc.
FRED A. JOHNSON
813 So. 35th St. Tacoma, Wash.
if he depends on old biddy who has a
habit of laying when eggs are cheap
est and not setting when one wants
early chicks, he will make a failure of
the poultry business'every time.
The farmer should not keep any
thing but tbe beat in poultry. The
farmer that breeds pure bred cattle,
thoroughbred horses and full blood
pigs, makes a holy show of himself
with a lot of scrub or dunghill chick
ens on the place. The man that has
pure breds from cats to horses is the
man that catches everyone who comes
on his place. If you see a farm cov
ered with pure breds in every line
you feel sure that the man behind
those pare breeds is on the farm for
the love of the work and that his
hobby is the best of everything.
Such men give you confidence the
minute you go on their place and if
you want to buy anything in the line
of stock, swine, cattle or fowls you
feel that you can safely entrust your
money with a man with a farm of
Some farmers will build a barn for
their stock that is better in looks and
in conveniences than the house he
gives his wife. You will find a farmer
of this kind that will allow his hens
to roost anywhere they can Hnd a
place under cover and 99 cases out of
100 he is the one that will say that
poultry does not pay. The progres
sive up-to-date farmer is the man
that is using everything on the farm
to bring in an income. Poultry will
do as much as anything on the place
if the fowls are given half a chance
but they will not do well unless they
are well cared for.
The question of what is best for a
farmer in poulty is for him to settle.
It is a matter of choice after all.
Some farmers will have nothing on
their places but Holsteins, while oth
ers favor Jersey cattle. They will
not give a Berkshire hog a pen on
their farm yet have plenty of room
for Chester Whites or a Poland China.
The question before the farmer is
what is best for his uses. The Leg
horn fowl as an all-around layer seems
to meet the bill when it comes to the
egg basket yet those who give care
and attention to Plymouth Rocks,
Rhode Island Reds and Wyandottes
sing their praises as egg basket tillers.
The all-around fowl like the Plymouth
Rocks or Wyandottes seem to have a
lot of admirers on the farm. These
hens produce fine broilers, good
roasters, good average layers and
what is a flue thing for the average
farm, good mothers. The mother hen
on the farm is very valuable. The
farmer can set her, get her chicks up
to a couple of weeks old and tben the
old heu can pick up the things that
would go to waste around the place.
These old mothers will raise tbeir
youngsters about as cheap as they can
Turkejs on the farm is what wo
need here in Western Washington.
We do not raise near enough to meet
the demand and we should get busy
with this end of the poultry business*
Turke.\s have been so high in the
Puget Sound markets that only the
well-to-do can afford to eat them.
ll' Inlays such as Thanksgiving and
Christmas are hardly complete with
out a good fat turkey on the table.
With the farmer able to get an aver
age of 96 cents per pound for turkey
it would seem that they would grow
more olAweiica's famous bird.
The turkey in which there is most
E. A. SHARP
Progressive Royal White Wyandottes
AMERICA'S BEST PRODUCTION
Toppenish, Wn., April 24, 1914
Northwestern Produce Company
North Yakima, Wash.
Please ship us half-ton of the
Albers Bros. Mash Mixture, one sack of
hen grit and two sacks of Developing
Food. lam going to try and work up a
trade of this Albers Bros, goods among
the local boys here and we may get
together and use it exclusively. I am
satisfied that I am getting better re
sults from it than anything else that
I have used.
Yours very truly
(Signed) E. A. SHARP.
This letter was unsolicited.
ALBERS BROS. MILLING CO.
LARGEST CEREAL MILLERS IN THE WEST.
Klock Produce Co.
EGGS POULTRY PORK & VEAL
profit should be a quick maturing
fowl. The Bronze is our most popu
lar turkey for the reason that they
produce the larger carcass, but
Bronze turkeys do not rupture as fast
as the smaller varieties. The Nar
raganset and White Hollands are both
fast maturing birds and those who
have bred them say that they are
just as easily bred as any variety.
Geese is another fowl that is little
bred yet there is a good demand for
geese when brought to market.
The writer has recently established
a farm where he expects to breed one
kind of turkey, geese, guinea and
duck. In chickens we shall carry one
of the all-around fowls, a Buff Kock
and Black Minorca for a small fowl.
1 hope to get Jersey cows and Berk
shire hogs before I get through. The
children will keep Belgian hares and
pigeons. In fact tbere will be some
thing on the place for every child
and we are a large family at our
house. Including myself tbere are
five boys and including their mother
there are four girls. We have the
Butt' Rocks, setting the eggs of the
Minorcas, the ducks, turkeys and
geese are growing. For guardians on
the place there is a Collie dog and an
English bull terrier. So far we have
jut a pair of pigeons but hope to
SEND FOR SHIPPING TAGS
make them pure bred Homers before
we make the claim as a breeder. In
the stock line we have a Shetland
pony and two grade Jersey cows. We
are dickering for a Jersey heifer that
must come from the purest of Jersey
blood. In pigs there are just one
Berkshire which we hope to increase
to many later on.
Rubber Stamps Stencils, Badges,
itUDDer b tamps Numbering Ma
chines, Notary Seals. Eto. Pacific Coast Stamp
Works, 117 Cherry St., Seattle, Wash.
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