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DAIRY AND CREAMERY
By Prof. A. B. Nystrom, Dairy Instructor State College, Pullman, Wash.
(For any information regarding this department, write the above.)
COST TO RAISE A CALF TO TWO
AND ONE-HALF YEARS OF AGE
On the average dairy farm where
the work of feeding and caring for
the stock and operating the farm is
done by two or more men it is a diffi
cult matter to determine exactly what
it costs to raise a calf. It we were to
consider carefully every item of ex
pense we would find that our heifers
are costing us more than we sup
posed. Too often we feel that any
labor done in connection with the
feeding and caring for calves should
not be charged against the calf be
catise the services are rendered out
side of working hours and are a sort
of a recreation. To be sure the own
er of good stock takes pleasure in be
ing with his calves morning and even
ing and watching them grow, still If
he were to hire the work done he
would find it.necessary to pay regular
wages and he should therefore figure
his own time as a part of the cost of
raising a calf.
The following estimate represents
the average from four counties in the
state, namely: Walla Walla, Whit
man, Pierce and Yakima. It is as
sumed that if one man devoted all
his time to calve 3he could take care
of 75, and if this man were to furnish
bis own board and room he should
receive $75 per month for the work.
5 days, no cost.
10 days, 10 lbs. whole milk at 2c a lb. no skim $ 2.00
7 days, 7 lbs. whole milk at 2c a lb., 7 lbs. skim ie 1.10
100 days, 18 lbs. skim at jc lb., no whole milk 4.50
100 days, 2 lbs. grain at $25 a ton 2.50
250 days, 4 lbs. grain at $25 a ton 12.50
110 days, 2 lbs. hay at $8 a ton 45
240 days, 4 lbs. hay at $8 a ton -- 4.00
Total feed cost for one year --. — $27.05
Labor, one man 75 calves, $75 per month .^12.00
Total for the year - 39.05
FROM ONE TO TWO YEARS
365 days, hay 6 lbs. a day, $8 a ton $ 8.75
365 days, grain 5 lbs. a day, $25 a ton 21.81
Labor - ------ 100°
From two to two and one-half years (same) 20.28
Adding cost for first year 390J>
Total cost from time of birth to 2>£ years of age, at
which time she ought to begin to produce. _ $99.89
The cost from one to two and one
half years can greatly be reduced by
supplying a good cheap pasture there
by eliminating all or a part of the
grain. For the best development of
the heifer, however, she should be well
fed from the start aud should never
be allowed to stop growing until full
BUTTERMKERS SCORING CONTEST
Prom the results of the Orst scoring
of butter made by Washington but
ter makers it would seem that critical
butter eaters of this state will not
need to look out of the state for a
good article. Nor does it seem that
we would be compelled to take the
"back seat" for any state in this im
Three scoring contests are to be
held this year, the MOOOd MM at the
Statu FMr and the last one during
the annual meeting of the association.
The first contest was held at the
THE WASHINGTON FARMER
Ellensburg Produce Company's store
in Seattle on May 28tb. There were
14 entries of butter, some of which
were brought by the buttermakers
themselves who held a short meeting
after the scoring.
The principal defects were high
acidity and curdy flavor, no ranoidity
or decidedly objectionable flavors be
ing found in any samples. Some of
the butter showed signs of having
been over-worked, or worked at too
high a temperature but as a lot it
was exceptionally good in every re
spect. The highest score was 96 and*
the lowest 92. The following are the
three highest scores:
Winlock Creamery Co., Winlock, 96.
1. Benedicktsen, Spanaway, 95%.
H. J. Keithahn, Tenino, 95}^.
QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
Requirements of a Good Dairy Barn
(Question: Will you kindly furnish
me with such information as you
have to impart relative to the build
ing of a good dairy barn for about 20
to 30 cows. Have an ideal location
on side hill with lower side to the
south. A. M. D., Loomis, Wash.
Answer: We do not consider a
dairy barn built into the side-hill an
ideal dairy barn; but if it is most
convenient to build it into the side
hill, especial care will have to be giv-
en to having the floor well drained
and the stable well lighted. You
should put in a cement floor, and
this should be layed on at least eight
j inches of cobblestones or cinders so
as to allow for perfect drainage, and
thereby avoiding udder troubles
which are caused by damp, cold
floors. It is well to stand the cows
in two rows with tbeir heads toward
the middle of the barn, dividing up
the floor space about in this way:
Five feet from inside wall to the gut
ter ; gutter one and one-half feet
wide, six to elgbt inches deep, floor
sloping to the rear two inches to keep
the cows from standing in the gutter,
and to allow the liquid manure to
drain off; stall lour and one-half feet
deep, with a depression one inch deep
! and a foot wide just in front of the
manger to keep the cow from slipping
on to her knees when reaching for
food; six inches of upright cement
four inohes wide with bolts put in it
Krai! \lh\ l"i C ' ***" —
HH Blanchard Says: .■'
fii^H "The first requisite of a
iIMHHI good silo is good lumber."
Irßrtll' Js^li What the Professor says is true with emphasis on
Btililflliiw FIRST which implies that there are other requisites.
WO^Bh^^l V We agree with the Professor and insist that good
IWj&if&Hg&fQ lumber" comes first and foremost in the construction of a
mamß2jfmsiw silo. This is why we are very careful to select the very
|/*jt!S|gHtt(^ choicest logs we can find for silo purposes and after
vefizL^^Ur^sk sawing these into staves, they are air-dried for six months
||S[jt=^E§ip^ j or more. If you know anything about lumber, you will
ll^^r -^%g^» know what this means.
In the final manufacturing operations, this silo stock is carefully
graded, according to our own strict grading rules after which it is care- -
• fully milled into fine silo stock.
. Our Silo Stock is Air-Dried v
Irrespective of the guy lines and other hardware trimmings, The
Weyerhaueser Silo is just so much air-dried lumber of a superior grade—
clear, one-piece fir staves —which can only be secured by purchasing the
WEYERHAEUSER SILO, complete in one shipment.
• The second important requisite of a good, air-tight silo is a conven
ient, labor-saving, time-saving door that does not stick and is not lost
around the farm. THE WEYERHAEUSER DOOR is just this and the
small amount that it adds to the purchase price is very small indeed.
The third requisite is a reasonable price for this choice grade of
AIR-DRIED lumber, Our well-known superior advantages and facilities
permit us to make lower prices than any other concern in the Northwest.
If you can use a two-piece stave —either in the clear high-grade
fir described above or in our "select" we can name you still lower prices.
In fact these prices are so low that any farmer feeding ten or more cows
positively cannot afford to be without a silo. The splines are guaranteed
to make the stave as rigid as any one-piece stave.
The scientifically designed and guaranteed anchorage system, the
tested steel hoops and lugs, the malleable compound pressure latches and
the easy swinging doors, the safe tread ladders—extremely valuable as
they must be to you—add but very little to the price of the silo as fully
nine-tenths of the cost of the Weyerhaueser Silo is in the exceptionally
fine quality of lumber and the AIR-DRYING process—absolutely essential
to a good silo and the first requisite, as a silo made from inferior lumber
will not last any length of time.
SOME OF OUR REPRESENTATIVES ARE:
For Whatcom and San Juan Counties: Royal Dairy Co., Bellingham, Wash.
For Jefferson and Clallam Counties: Glendale Creamery Co., Port Townsend, Wn.
. For Skagit County: Clear Lake Lumber Co., Mt. Vernon, Wash. ■; .x='%":
For Western Oregon and Northern California: Booth-Kelly Lumber Co.,
Eugene, Ore. . .
Write them for prices based on carload freight rates, if you live in these coun
ties. Mr. Robert Burt is our field representative. Address 1009 Western Aye., Seattle.
Weyerhaeuser Lumber Company, Everett, Wash^
MADDHUf PADDAPF SOLVES THE FEED PROBLEM
IYIAKKUW UADDAuL wiite to c. c. martin, bangor.wash.