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CONCRETE FENCE POSTS
Concrete baa taken the place of
wood in so many instances that one
is no longer surprised at its adoption
for any purpose. The latest use to
which it is being put and with great
success is its substitution for wood
as fence posts. Nearly all the farm
ers in the Middle West are adopting
the concrete fence post on account of
its permanent qualities, neat appear
ance and low cost. Many of the rail
roads are fencing their right-of-ways
with it and the use of it has grown
to such an extent that the govern
ment has cone to the trouble and ex
pense of getting out a bulletin of sev
eral pages recommending its use to
farmers, giving full and explicit de
tails as to how to make the concrete
post, what materials to use, the prop
er method of re-enforcing and how to
make the forms. The principal agri
cultural colleges of the country, after
thoroughly testing it, advise its use
and the lowa State College of Agri
culture at Ames, lowa, perhaps the
leading agricultural college in the
country, gives the concrete fence post
its unqualiUed endorsement and is
preparing 529 concrete fence posts to
enclose a new farm purchased by the
There is no question but that with
in a few years wooden posts will have
been supplanted by concrete for the
reason that a concrete fence post can
be made at a cost not to exceed that
or a wooden post and when a farm is
once fenced with concrete fence posts
the problem of fencing on that par
ticular farm is over for all time.
The government bulletins show
that when a wooden post has been in
stalled for two or three years its
strength has depreciated fully 50 per
cent while a concrete fence post con
tinues to get stronger for a period of
seven years until it is so hard that it
is absolutely impervious to the ele
ments and it becomes a permanent
portion of the farm, adding not only
to its attractiveness but to its value.
The average life of a wooden post
is from three to six years and the ex
pense of re-placing them is as flxed
and certain as taxes and in many in
stances the cost of repairs each year
amounts to as much as the taxes on
In many of the prairie states there
is no native wood out of which to
make posts though there are a few
being manufactured from osage hedge.
It is only in a few localities, how
ever, that this material can be obtain
.cd and besides it is very expensive.
The most of the posts used in those
states are shipped from a loug dis
tance, and by the time the farmer
has placed them in the ground the
cost to him is excessive. When a
person takes into consideration the
millions of posts in use in those states
and the fact that from 15 to 30 per
cent have to be replaced each year it
is no wonder that the farmer is look
ing for something permanent.
Another advantage of using the
concrete fence post is that it makes
it possible for the farmer to burn
over his fence row each fall, thereby
destroying the home and breeding
ground of the numerous crop-detroy
ing bug and insects, in testing such
places. From numerous tests made
by government experimental stations
it has been proved that the clearing
out of such places makes the adjoin
ing tracts free from these pests.
As stated above, the first cost of the
THE WASHINGTON FARMER
I YOU CANNOT AFFORD TO PUMP
and carry water and saw wood by hand power. Elbow grease is all right in its
A place but should be devoted to better purpose. The distilate engine is the most
9 economical motive power.
vL THE BULL-DOG ENGlNE—Standard of Quality
■BH is built in special combinations for every purpose. Not the Cheapest—But the highest
M^L ■ quality at a reasonable price.
VU H P BULL-DOG ENGINE With Drag Saw Attachment so that engine can be used for
and Pump Jack, ?70.00. pumping or cutting wood, $85.00.
Prices F. O. B. Tacoma. Freight allowed to Seattle or Portland
WE ALSO FURNISH SMALL ELECTRIC LIGHTING OUTFITS IN COMBINATION.
Nickerson-MacFarlane Machinery Co. 15 B r a nch s£^ !l' MvL adp7b^" h'
concrete post is no more than the
wooden post, and in many states
where wood has to be shipped from a
distance the cost is less. The only
materials that go into a concrete post
are sand and gravel or if sand and
gravel cannot be obtained, crushed
rock, wires for re-enforcing and
cement. Sand and gravel can be
found in almost all localities and the
cost is very small. The government
advises the use of old bale or barbed
wire for re-enforcing, claiming that
it is better than new wire or rods.
The cost of cement varies in different
places, but as the proportion used is
one of cement to about five or six of
sand and gravel, this cost does not
exceed 10 cents a post. Labor is of
no consequence for the post can be
made on the farm at spare time when
the help is not busy with something
else. The form in which they are
made can be constructed out of any
old boards handy and takes but a few
minutes to build. They are exceed
ingly simple in construction and any
one able to use a saw and -hammer
can make a satisfactory mould.
One of the greatest difficulties here
tofore has been in arriving at a satis
factory method of securing the wire
*o the post. A unmber of different
methods have been tried, such as
placing a strip of wood in the post
and attaching the wire to the wood.
The objection to this is that the
weather causes the wood to swell or
shrink and decay and the government
advises strongly against its use.
Another method tried has been im
bedding staples in the post while it
is green but the staples rust or break
off rendering the post useless.
Fastening the wires to the post by
means of tie wires going around the
post is not satisfactory because of
the difficulty of securely fastening
them and the fact that under pressure
they will move up and down on the
A Seattle man, William K. Kirk
wood, has recently patented an im
provement consisting of a diagonal
receiving slot on the face of the post,
leading into a transverse slot running
through the post which seems to have
solved the difficulty. By his method
the wires are self-fastening and can
be removed at will. No staple or
tie wire is required and It has met
with universal approval. The fea
ture that most commends this post is
its simplicity and the fact that any
farmer or farmer's boy can make a
successful and practical post without
any outlay for special moulds, yet can
produce a post which requires no
staples, fasteners or accessories what
ever for holding up the wires.
THE AGRICULTURAL FAIRS
Southwest Washington — Centralia-Ohehalis,
G. R. Walker, Secretary, Aug. 24-29.
Vancouver, B. C—H. 8. Roleton, Secretary.
Vancouver, Wash.—Geo. P. Larseu, Secretary,
Why Spend Your Money for Wood
Ililillllil Posts and Re-Fence Every
BRHB Five to Seven Years?
D| ■;'-^ SB The first cost is the same whether you use concrete
SH9 ; '>* I or wood posts. A few years afterward your wood posts
HH gH begin to rot and within from five to seven years you
■H sBI must re-fence at a cost the same as at first.
11l H The Kirkwood Re-Inforced
SII^JB Concrete Fence Post
H§f I ■ Will Last Forever
■I S9 The new method of fastening is simple, easy to work
|^H SB «nd absolutely sure. It allows perfect adjustment of
Hi l^fl wires and if necessary, the wires can easily be removed.
SM^jj L^*wß This post will settle the fence question for you. It
W/M (^T^ fifi will cost no more than wood and when your fence is put
Wt |B UP with KIRKWOOD RE-INFORCED CONCRETE FENCE
■■ *$£ MH POSTS it is up to stay. You can make them on your
I »$& I own farm. No forms or accessories to buy.
jflß We want to tell you more about the KIRKWOOD.
We know that it will mean a big saving for you. Drop
■Pis JH us a card and we will send the circulars that will tell
?>''^H you more. Write today.
|B^ pat BB We desire agents in every community in the United
I i C 9m' I States to handle this post. No capital required. Write
BBi^ 9M I today for the agency proposition.
ES'/d/Jffli Kirkwood Re-Inforced Concrete Fence
MAkI^MM Post Company, Inc.
WKMKBKIEKM 204 BURKE BLDG . Seattle, wash.
Interstate Fair, Spokane, Wash.—Robert H.
Cosgrove, Mgr., Sept. 12-20.
Walla Walla, Wash.—Robert H. Johuson,
Secretary, Sept. 14-19.
Washington State Fair, North Yakima, Wash.,
Helena, Mont.—A. J. Breitenstein, Secretary,
Victoria, B. C—Geo. Sangster, Mgr., Sept.
Nelson, B. C. -Geo. Horstead, Mgr., Sept.
Oregon State Fair—Salem, Ore., Frank Mere
dith, secretary, Sept. 28-Oct. 8.
New Westminster, B. C.—D. E. Mac-Keuzie,
Sept. 28-Oct. 3.
Salt Lake City, Utah—Horace S. En3ign, Sec
retary, Oct. 5-12.
Olympic Peninsula Fair-Port Townseiid, Wn.
Arcb C. Tweedie, Secretary, Sept. 10-12.