POULTRY FOR IH£ FARMER
Farming may be divided into two
classes: The specialist and the gen
eral. The specialist may consist of a
single crop or it may be two, these
the farmer devotes his entire time
and energy to. We have the fruit,
berry, alfalfa, cattle, truck, poultry
farmer, each of these being special
ized by the different farmers.
The general farmer has variety for
his crop. It may consist of grain,
fruit, hoes, a few cows, a few hives
of bees and some poultry.
On the farm of the "specialist" as
well as on the farm of the "general
farmer" is to be found flocks of poul
try, ranging in numbers of from R
dozen to several hundred head.
The 1910 census tell us that the av
erage egg yield per hen found on
both classes of farmers is 80 eggs.
But on tbe farmer that makes egg
farming his specialty the average
yield is 110 per year per fowl.
Here we have a difference of two
and one-half dozen eggs in favor of
the egg farmer. There must be a
reason for this difference and there
First the egg farmer keeps better
stock; second, be feeds better; tbird,
he houses and cares for better, and also
he obtains a higher price for his
products by giving the marketing end
some care that the other class of
farmers pay but little attention to.
There is one happy thougbt through
it all, however, that as we travel mile
after mile through th 9 farming dis
tricts, we can easily see tbat all
/BelierEggs Bigger Prof ftsli
ft All chicks require lime and '
v, grit. Daily's Grits provide both; S|
."#... cheaper and cleaner than shells, jj^L
more soft-shelled eggs or 7W
-v • egg eating henc JHF
RpwGrouna .... *2Hr
dwellings, barn^nen hous?iwr^ p
SMD.Dally j I Free
| "Conservo" makes hen-houses sanitary |
- They Pay Dollars while
Chickens pay cents
The young, 20 to 25 flays old, sell /or 40 to 60
cents each (according to the. season). The
city markets are always clamoring lor them.
Each pair of Pigeons will raise
18 to 22 young a year.
They will clear you, above all expenses. |5 00
a year per pair. " They breed the entire year.
Twenty minutesdaily will care for 100 pair*.
Always penned up out of the way
Very small space required
All this is fully explained in this month's
issue of our journal; send for it; price lOctn.
Reliable Squab Journal, Versailles.Mo.
juihimjii > MACHINE
Do the work at home. Costs little and saves
the poultryman all costs of baying grit,
ground bone. etc. Why buy such when you
can make your own on a "Johnson." Write
me for particulars, prices, etc. '
FRED A. JOHNSON ,
513 So. 35th St. Tacoma, Wash.
THE WASHINGTON FARMER
classes of farmers are giving the mat
ter of poultry more thought than did
they a few years ago. Better stock
and better houses are to be seen now
on most ali farms. As the farmer
visits his agricultural fair and poul
try show eaoh year he easily becomes
interested, as he gazes upon the fine
specimens of the different breeds of
poultry he finds on exhibition at these
plac^o. And as he goes back to his
home and looks over his own flock,
deep down in his own heart he soon
realizes that a flock of mongrels of
all colors, sizes and ages are a dis
gusting sight to behold, and it is
then and there that the seed of dis
content is sown which ripens iuto the
gradual selling off of the mongrel
flock and replacing them with fowls
of quality and of one breed. From
his farm papers in the part devoted
to poultry does he learn much that
he applies to better feeding, housing,
care and marketing of his products.
While successful poultry raising has
become an exact science, there are
no hidden secrets. The love of the
beautiful and the application of com
mon sense is all there is to it.
Any farmer that will devote a little
common sense to his poultry can
clear a silver dollar from each layer
per year, providing be has a liking to
some extent for poultry. On most
farms it is quite possible to grow
either an acre of alfalfa or clover.
If this acre be handled right it will
support 500 laying Lens and never de
stroy the green food grown upon it.
This acre will return $500 then. In
this short article the writer will not
attempt to tell how this $500 can be
made, but it can be made on most all
farms and is being made right now
by quite a few. There can hardly be
found a crop tbat will give the large
returns at as little labor required as
poultry will providing conditions are
made correct in the start and then
all future details attended to as they
should be. There are some tbat will
doubt this statement, giving as their
reason tbat if this large a return could
be obtained from a single acre tbe
poultry business would soon be over
done. Let me say in conclusion that
all farmers do not like poultry and
, that all farmers are not successes as
farmers, but $500 net can be made
from a single acre from poultry by
those that will.
EGG LOSSES DURING HOT WEATHER
Statistics show that during the
summer months from one-fourth to
over one-half of the eggs produced
are a total or partial loss, reports the
Heat is directly or indirectly re
sponsible for a loss in that state of
two and one-half million dollars worth
of eggs annually. Heat causes germ
growth, embryo and mould develop
ment, increases evaporation and
causes eggs to become bad in a very
Nearly all of the loss in eggs due to
heat can be avoided by the ordinary
conveniences that the average farm
provides. If farmers would take the
same care of eggs that they do of but
ter before and during the time it is
taken to market, there would be
practically no loss from heat. Any
temperature above 70 degrees is too
Eggs should be collected daily and
should be cooled as quickly as pos
sible. A sweet, fresh basement which
is 000 l makes a satisfactory place to
store eggs. They may also be kept
cool by placing them in a bucket
lowered into a well. Avoid storing
them in musty basements and keep
them away from Hies.
HAND VS. ENGINE POWER.
Conditions at the present time are
such that no man, do matter bow
good he may be physically, can afford
to pit himself against a gas engine or
other form of eoonomical motor in
doing any work that can be done by
the engine. If there is surplus hu
man energy to be dissipated it cer
tainly can be used to better advan
tage when directed to the accomplish
ment of some purpose requiring the
co-operation of brain with musuular
force, rather than to be expended on
such labor as turning a crank or
working a pump handle. It may be
interesting to look at some costs for
hand labor as compared with any
standard internal combustion engine.
The easiest example to use for this
comparison is the pumping of water
and the example which is probably
most interesting is the average well
pump for farm and household pur
Using a single acting cylinder three
inches in diameter with seven-inch
stroke and lifting water against a
total head of 60 feet and operating
at 40 up strokes per minute, the work
would be such that a husky man
would be glad to quit in a very short
Under these conditions the water
lifted would be 510 gallons per hour
or 4080 gallons in eight hours and the
horse power in water lifted would be
slightly over one-tenth one horse
power and the actual power required
to drive the pump would be less than
one-half horse power. To produce
this power a one and one-half horse
power engine should use about one
half pint of ordinary engine distillate
per hour or one-half gallon in an eight
hour run. If the distillate costs 10
cents per gallon at point where it is
used, then the cost for pumping 510
gallons would be only about six
tenths of one cent and for pumping
4080 gallons would be five cents.
What is eight hours of a man's time
This one example that the writer
has chosen as a basis for comparison
is less favorable for the engine than
almost any other pumping conditions
out it is probably sufficient to illus
trate the advantages of using an en
gine for such work as it can do and
the saving of human energy for better
and more profitable purposes.
Manager Engineering Department
Co., Tacoma, Washington.
MONEY Makers — Nine varlelies of fancy
rabbits; also Belgian hares, for sale. K. W.
Raush, Kent, Wash. 12 2tc
X lock Produce Co.
EGGS POULTRY PORK & VEAL
SEND FOR SHIPPING TAGS
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; The KANT-LEAK KLEET makes seams
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The Barber Asphalt Paving Company
Largest producers In the world
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P] 1 BBS B, [|P
I —Better egg results than from any brand
•* of "beef scraps."
O —Positively no fish flavor in eggs or meat
~ of birds fed on it.
O — None of the "digestive troubles that
*■* many "beef scraps" cause.
A Lower mortality among hens fed to
* force a high egg production.
—Baby chicks thrive on it; they don't
die, as they often do on "beef scraps."
Contains 28°/ c more egg - laying
protein than beef scraps, and is pure,
fresh, and sweet. TRY IT.
(Reg'd Trade Mark)
Write for free sample prices and feeding
WESTERN TALLOW CO.
54 Beale St., San Francisco, Cal.
YOUR COWS! YOUR HENS!
will yield you a greater pro
fit if you will ship us your
Cream and Eggs
Full weights and full prices sustained for
each shipment no matter how long you con
tinue shipping to us. Ask your neighbor if
this is not true, for we have shippers from
every community in the Pacific Northwest.
Write for tags, stencils and prices.
TURNER & PEASE CO.
Western Aye., Seattle, Wash.
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