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SCIENTIFIG AND INDUSTKIAL.
It is stntctl that a Pnris flrm has pat
fcntcd nn invcntion for tho instantancous
formntion of stcam.
Kngincering ig rcsponsiblo for the statc
Dient that a vcsscl constructcd of paper
has bccn lnunclicd in St. Pctcrsburg.
fcho is drivcn by stcam.
It has bccn cnlculatcd tlint to mako tho
D30,000 tons of papcr annunlly rcquircd
for tho supply of tho world, 430 days'
mcdiiim flow of wntcr down tho rivcr
rhanics would bo nccdcd.
Captnin Schufcldt, of thcUnitcd Statcs
trmy mcdical cori)s, has fonvardcd to
tho Smithsonian iustitution a collcction
of somo !!,000 spccimcns of vcrtcbratcs
ind invcrtcbratcs collcctod around New
An ingcnious npparatus caltcd n "firc
damp indicator " has bccn invcntcd in
Genevn. Every hmtr or half hour tho
air of the minc is forced into tho bnrncr
oy a bellows aiul tho rcsult is rcgistcred
iu the central ollicc.
Cclluloid will not bo as popular in tho
fiiture as it has bccn, if a new substanco
tvhich has becn mndo up in London
proves succcssftil. It possesscs nll tho
nardncss nnd brilliancy of cclluloid, and
Whcn cattlo aro intcndcd to bo ma-
lieiously dcstroycd in India thcy aro
picrccd with a thorn of tho Arbus preca
torius. Death cnsues on the sccoud day.
Strangc to say, tho poundcd sccds, taken
Intcrnally, havc little action.
A writer in tho Journal of Scicnee, in
an article on " Cram and Its Amenitics,"
tlaims that brainwork is not by itsclf
physically injurious, but that, whcn
tvithin rcasonablo bounds, it is distinctly
favorablc to long lifc ; and ho enforccs
his arguuicnt with somo happy illustra
lions. A new nnd curious usc for tho cuca
lyptns tree, alrcady famcd as an antidote
to malaria, was discovcrcd by accidcnt
latcly in California. Tho lcaves, it has
becn found, act as a prcvcntivc of that
incrustation of stcam boilcrs which lcads
lo thcir gradual corrosion and is said to
bc almost tho solc cause of oxplosions.
Dricd apricots aro likcly to bo a prorai
aent articlo of cxport from California.
Herctoforc this fruit has bccn put up al
most cntircly in tin cans, but, in consc
qucnco of overproduction, the canning
factorics reduced tho prico paid to tho
farnier to such a figurcthatho was drivcn
to expcrimcnting with various proccsses
of drying, and discovcrcd a mcthod that
leavcs tho fruit in a dclicious statc.
Among tho various substances found
on tho " coatcd " lnunan tonguo nftcr a
microscopical cxnmination are tlic follow
ing; Fibcrs of wood, lincn and cotton;
jibcrs of spiral vcssels, fibcrs of muscle,
iu ono caso cight hours after cating;
Btarch grains, chccsc mold, portions of
potato skins, scales, moths, ctc. ; hair
from legs of bccs and of spidcrs, pollcn
of various llowcrs and thcir stamcns;
liairs from various lcaves, in ono casc tho
wing of a mosquito; fragmcnts of tho
lcaves of tobacco vcry frequeutly, and of
chamomilc llowcrs, ctc, occur rcpeat
vdly. Triumph of Surgery.
Modern surgery is ablo to provido a
man with a new nose, new lip, now eyc
lids, and an artilicial throat. It can "do
moro ; it can, by tho process known as
fkingrafting, providc him with a new
skin. The following description of tho
process is report edbyanEnglish surgeon:
The patient, a prctty little girl of eight,
was admitted into St. Gcorgo's hospital.
Two years )reviously her drcss had
caught fire, buming both legs from tho
hips to the knces soverely. After a year's
treatmcnt tho lcft thigh had hcaleii up;
but the right had ncvcr got bettcr, and
prcsented a terriblo ulcer, cxtending all
ilown the outcr side. For four niouths
Ehc lay thcro without any signs of im
provcmcnt. On Mny .T tho child was
brought into tho operating thcatro and
jilaced under the inlluencc of chlorofomi.
Two small picces of skin werc then
snippcd from thebnckwithupairof sharp
pointcd scissors, and imbedded plantcd,
in fact in tho granulations or " proud
Qesh" of tho wound two tiny atoms,
tcarccly biggcr than a pin's liead, and
fonsisting of little moro than the cuticlo
or outcr skin which wo raisc in blistcrs
by rowing or cxposuro to the hot sun.
Fivc days latcr no ehange was visible,
and by-and-byc tho operation was con
sidcred to havc failcd, sinco tho picces of
skin had disappeared, instead of grow
ing, as had bccn expccted. But twelvc
days after the" operation two little white
cicatrices appcarcd where tho seed had
bccn sown; and in my notes I tind that a
wcek latcr these werc big enough to bc
dignifled as " islands of new tissuc."
Tho most wondcrful part of it was that
not only did these islands grow and in
crease rapidly in circumfcrence, but tlio
fact of thcir prcsenee sccmed to stimulate
tho ulcer itsclf, which forthwith took ou
a healing aetion around its margin. Bov
cral moro grafts werc itnplantcd subse
iuently, including morscls from Mr. Pol
loek's arm, from my own, and from tho
shoulderof a negro; the last producing
a white scar-tissuo liko tlie rest. In two
months tho wound was hcaled, and thc
little patient was discharged cured.
Showcrs of rishcs.
Tho coast of Mcxico, near Vera Cruz,
not long ngo liad a shower of fishcs,
causing the utmost consternation. A
Minilnr thing happcned at San Luis
Potosi. Suncrstitious peoplo tnlkcd
nbout thc end of tho world. Tho fishei
wero a specics of sardincs not familiar in
tho ncighborhood. A shower years ago
in Wales was of a small fish known 113
fcticklc-backs, sprinkling the ground over
nn arca of several squaro miles. Thcy
werc alivo whcn thcy fell ; yet if caught
up by a whirlwiud from nuy of tho
brackish ponds near tho sea in which this
spccies of lisli nbounds they must have
been convcycd through the air a distauco
of thirty milcs.
Fricnd to Artist "I sco tho art com
mitteo rejected that picturo of yours."
Artist " Ycs, and it's all bccauso ono
of tho mcmbcrs was projudiced ngainst
mc. But I'll gct evcn, you bet."
Fricnd " l'll tell you how to get your
Fricnd " Paint his portrait." Zouis
NEWS 0F TIIE WEEK1
rteni nnd MlcUle Stnte.
LiGiiTNisu kllleil Jlrs. Wheuler, o Ara
hcrst, N. II., nnd tct flro to tho riremlses.
Vntcr bolng Ecnrco, hcr husuand oxtin
gulshcd tho llames with milk.
BEVEnAl. witncsses bcforo tho Unltod
Btntcs Senato commlttoo on cducatlon nnd
Inbor, Eittlng iu Now York, urgod tho cstnb
lishmcnt of iudustrinl pchools nnd moro
hcalthy homos for tlio pooror people.
Two rosscngcr trnins collidod near Fort
tlnin, N. Y., with such torrifio cffect that
both ingines, two baspajo cars and a smok
inR car woro complctcly wrcckcd. Enginocr
Micbncl Lyons nnd Jamra "Whitlock, a pas
Ecngcr, wcroinstnntly killcd, anothor passon
ger had IiU sltull frncturcd, nnd nbout twenty
moro pcrsons woro injurcd in difrcront de
grces of tovcrity.
The Athlctic baseball club, winncrs of tho
Amcricnn nssoeiation championship, upon
thoir return to Philndelphia from their
Vcstcm tour, wero rcccivod by a iirocession
estimntcd to contnln 10,000 porsons nnd re
viewcd by the mayor. Tliousnnds of iKjoplo
thronged tho streots, flngi woro displnyod in
profusion, nnd a bnnquot was given tho vio
Genhpal RoaEn A. Pnvon, of New York,
I:as bccn retnlncd ns counscl for O'Uoimel,
tlnyer of Cnrey, tho Irith informor, nnd hni
f niled for London.
New York newsdcnlers to tho nuniber of
rovcrnl thousand held a pnrndo nnd mnss
niccting to protcst ngainst tha rcdur'tion in
prico of sovcrnl Icading nowspapcrs nnd n
conscqucnt reduction in thcir proflts.
The machincry of a paper mill at Man
chester, Mass., wns stopixjd by four lnrgo
ccls blooking tlio whool. Ono eel wns threo
fect thrco inchcs long, nnd welghed nenrly
NonTHEit.v New IlAJirsiiinc nnd Vermont
Lnvo bcen visitcd by iiuito henvy snow
At tho rennFylvnnla 6tnto depnrtment,
Ilnrritburg, thc South Peinu.ylvnnia rnilroad
company, belongins to tho Vanderbilt kj-s-tem,
filed notico of nn increaRO of capital
stock from ?l-i,C05,000 to ?i0,000,000, and an
issuo of J'JO.OOOiOO of bonds.
Extensive frnuds in tlio burcnu of tho
New York wnter registcr havo been uu
carthed. Tjie centenninl convention of the I'rotest
ant Episcoiial church of tho United Statcs
met nt I'hiladelphin. A iirocession o sixty
bis-hops clotlied in full canonicals entered tho
church. Tho opening scnnon was prcacheil
by Bishop Clnrk, of Rhodo Island. Tho
houso of bifhois and tho houso of deputies
James McSteek was hanged nt PitUburg,
Pcim., for the murderof his wife.
At Allogheny City, Ponn., Jolm Iirown en
tered tho houso of his pni tner, Ilenry AVenver,
nnd without pi-ovocation killed him, and
then bcnt his brnins out in tho prc?enco of
his wifo and child. Iirown is twenty-two
years o'd, nnd AV'eaver wo? two years hi
scnior. Tlioy wero engngol in tho bitsines.-!
of b.ijing and fcclliug hore?. Iirown com
mitted ths murder bjcaif-e a woman of bn 1
reputation, with wlinm ln had liecomo in
fntuated, aud whom ho had brouht to
AS'oaver's houso, had becn ordero.l by tho
lattcr to lcnvo upon discovery of her true
Axcxpress t:ninnt Pliila'Ielpliia ran into
a strcet cnr, knoc'.;in; it into splinters an 1
scattering thothirty-ilvo pnsseners, consist
ing of workin people, in nll directions.
Four of tho passengcrj wcre killo l and ten
Ciii.nese ga'iibUiis houso? in New York
nro being ra'.dod by tho police.
South and West
Dunixo a political cmnrro at Liberty,
Miss., A. "V. 'W'hitington, sheriir of Aniito
county, wns stabbo 1 twico iu tho back by
Eugeno ileElweo and killed. McElweo wns
turroundid by a eiowd and ihot to death.
IxoBapti t church nt Coir.nnchc, Tesas
cfterlho prcaehins was over nnd theeongrc
grcgation had gono to n crcek to witness
a bnptiMii, Hobett and AVilliam
Butchor, brothcrs, who had remained
in tho buildiug, becnmo involved in a
quarrcl with ono Hnrri?, nnd Itobart Iiutclier
wns shot dead with a hotguu by Hurris.
Vilh'am Butclier nnd Ilarris then eugaged in
n fctrugglo for tho possesion of tho gun, dur
ing which Ilnrris wasfatally bcaten.
Tiie fn-bt nnnual meeting of tho Luiubcr
Jlanufncturers' association of tho Northwct,
which ineludes practicully nll tho wcaltliy
and Uading ilrnis cngaed in tho tiade, wa?
hclil a few days a;o iu Chicago. It was
resolvcd to taku stcj s which would cheek tlio
wlio'.cnlo debtruction of forests, ns thcy can
npt btnml the prcscnt drnin.
Jfli, the notorious Indinn cliicf who has
given so mueli troub'.o rcceiitly in tho South
wcst, nnd iu Jlexico, was drownod a short
tinio ngo whiio drunk.
Sis negro teetion hnnds qunrre'ed nnd
fought over a gumo of card? with ono Ned
Bradfleld, ii'nr I'rovldeuco Stntion, Ijo.., nnd
tho quarrel fiuaily rosulted in tho Mx uogroes
rcn-.ting Bradfleld over a flro so bally that
lio dicl. All tix wero niTOitol.
A l'UOMlNENT fnrmer nanio.l Iioguhn wai
hunting near Jlenoincnce, W'U,, when ho
thoughthosnw a bcar, and llred. Iuvoti
gntion f.Itoed hc had killed his brother.
A JIii.waukee dU;nteh says that S. H.
Scanmns, toructnry of tho Nntional Millers'
astodntion, tn'.ccs nn cnc'.urnsiiig viewof tho
outlook for tho llour niilling in.lu.stry iu tlio
crop yaar which is now eommencing.
Two youii5 men cous'.ns, nanied Austln
Guthrie nnd Franklin Meyers iu:irreleI in
tho In lian Territory nliout a girl's uirectlons,
Both wero on lior.bick, nnd ilrawin knivcs
thoy attaeked each other with sueh ferocity
tmt l oth sxin fell from their horses wltli
Jacoh Elmer nud Charlos Hlnsley, two
Etngo robbcrs, belonyln;; ton eang that killed
Mcssenger CoUins 0:1 August 10, wero over
tnkcn by Shcrift l'nul nnd n jxjsho ten miles
from Tutsm, Arizona. Elmcr wai killo 1 nnd
Hinbky wounded. Tho lattor cscapol into
tho mountain?. bjt wa pursucd, found nnd
All th-3 Ncrth Carolina Confoloiato dead
reposing nt t'10 Arliujton cemctery, iKar
Wnshiugton, havo been disinterro 1 anl taken
to Italeigh for re-Ir.tenneir.
The paymfnts nudo from tho trcosury by
wnrrunts during Sortcmlor wero ns fullowg ;
On nccount of civil ncd nilsccllnnoous, f.5,001,
D00.8O; war, $i,17T,01S.'.M; ravy, Sl.iKII.TOO.Sa;
interior, IndiaiH, $7il),aJ1.0S; intcrior, peu
slons, $3,737.77; totil, $ll, t:,47I.b3.
Dunt.NO Septcmber tho nationnl dcbt ww
dccrensod $14,707,!220.11. On tho 1st inst. tha
totoldebt was$l,.Wl,8tl,53.).0S; cash in tho
A report to tlio United Statcs Marino
hospital Bcrvico nt 'Washington saya that
in Tninchu'a, ttato of Chiapas, a panio
relgns 011 occount of tho grcat mortality
causod by blnek fmalliwx. Tho town has a
population of lO.CKX), and 1,S0J liavo diod of
tho dlease, dccompoiitioii sottinj in in many
caM!K bcforo death.
Gn.NEnAi. OEOnon VT, Gettt, in command
of tlio artillery sehool at Fortress Jlonroe,
has been plnced on tlio retlred 11st of tho
nnny, having rcached tho ngo of sixty-four
yinrs. Ho hns bc3ti succcedcd in command
of the nrtillery icliool by Colonel John C.
Tidball, of Oeneral Sherman's s!a!f.
The tecretnry of tho treasury has deoidod
tlint green pluins aro freo of duty tinlcr tlio
new tnriff act. Quito a larco trndo in this
fruit is enrried on over the Caiiadian border,
nnd tho qucstion nro?! whotlier it wns dutt
ablo under tho provision wliicli impoies a
duty of ono cont per pound on "prunes,
datos nnd plmne."
The total vnlue of tho imiiortsof merchan
d'sj during tho ycar cnded August .'it wns
$70G,S04,f(h, nnd n decreaso from ln-t ycar of
e33,204,:J). Tho total valuo of tho cxports
was f8-v,71P,ltlii, nn incroas,o of $;,:JSj,101
over last ycar.
Majok T. J. Annorr, a clerk in tho war
c'cpartment, Washington, for nnro than
twenty years, dicd n few days ago at tho ago
of eighty-four. Ho had alwnys lo 1 11 f rugal
lifo, nnd under his pillow after his deatli was
found 3;!,(KK) in Eovernnicnt bonds.
Gekeual Uuni.EV, eommissioaer of jien
sions, in his nnnual report, statcs that
thcro nro living to-dny ahnost ns many veter
nns who have not npplio.l for rtensious ns
thcro wero soldiors on tho roll of tho
nrmy in Jl.iy, ia. Thero wra l,000,rlt
naincs 011 tho roU on tlint datc, nnd thcra
nro at tho present tinio 0u'J,O0J veteraus
who have neVcT nsked a dollnr of tho govcrn
mtnt. Therc are on iilo in Washington 10'),
003 cjrtificntcs of disnbility that hnvo not
b?cn actod 011, siniply bjcauso that numbcr
of living veternns, who aro clearly n:id in
disiiutably entitle.l to jwnsions, hnvo not
nslced for nnything nt tho hands of tho
Andhew Doyle, convictod nt Hnlifax,
N. S., of nssnulting n little girl, as apnrtof
his punishment received twenty strokes with
a whip, well la'd on.
Giieat excitemcut prevniled in Jrndn'd
over King AlfonMj's insulting receptiou in
Pnris. Band? of jieoplo parnded tho strcet?
of the Spnnish capital, insulied Frenchnien
and oiienly tlneatcned tlie French enibnssy,
King AlfouEo's coolness and dignilicd Leariug
whilo iu Pnris hns e msidorably increabcd his
prebtige nt honie.
Tiie nihilists have issued circu'nrs demnud-
ing of the Itut-ian government a cessation of
tho cruel treatmeut of primcrs.
AnviCKS froni Port nu Priuce, Hnyti,
stnto tlint n revolt against tho government
wns proniptly suppressed, but not b3foie tho
inMirroctiouists In 1 sot (iro toapoition of
tho town aml dcntroyed n grcnt dcalof prop
erty. Tlii! gu llotico l.as ju-t performed its
lilocdy work at Vcrriilles, Frnnce, tho
vietim being ono Houy, who had ncen
fentcnccil to death for murderiiig nn
old woiiinn nnd her servant. A dipntch
detcribes tho fatal moment ns follows:
"Thcro wns n momcnt of brtnthles? hesita
tion. Thc n suddcnly M. Deiblcr (tho execu
tioner) prcascd s.'multnne usly tho button o
tho lunctte nnd tho buttjn of tiienx drop
Tho jirisoner's hcnd rdltd int-i tho wooden
buekct, half filled with sawdust, niul tho
body fell into tho baskct. Tho operation
'ostcd exactly two minutes aud tbirty
As a cag- as being hristcl in a ceal pitnt
Lei'h, Englan 1, the ni c broke, pi-tipitating
tho cngc to the bottoin of the thaft aud kill
ing six m'ncrs.
Kixa Ai.roxso nnd tho queen of Spain
wero checrel liy grtnt erowils in Mnlrid.
Tlie anology of Pie-i lent Grevy, of Frnnce,
wns n t deemed su'lleieut tati-fneiion by
Spaniaivls for the aetion of the French iki
ulaco toward the Sjianih kiag.
HfxniiKus of inr-.ons havo bcen dying
dnilyof jellow fcver in Slnzntlan, Mexleo.
Tho inlmbitants aro t'eoing in overy direc
tion. AnviCES from Mni'a?acar ftate that 3In
kobo, tho commander of tl.o Ilovas hn? of-feredruHnrd-i
for the slaugliter of tho eap
tain of nny Freneh nian-of-wnr which shall
wreck or burn any ressel. Aceordiug to the
'nnio ndvlccs tho Fieuch garrtons nt Tnma
tnvo and itajunjn aro virtunllr bloeknd.l.
A WHALlxa vessil wlikh Imt just nrrival
nt I)undiH, Seotlan 1, from the aretic r.gion,
rciorts that tho natives nt Fnunler's Island
stnted they tuw ilve uien at Ktah, in f-'mith's
Sound, north of I'a lin's Iiay, oarly in the
ycar, wln bj'oiol to n larso exjioli
tion fiuther to tli3 north. whHi wn
beiioved to lw tkal of Liuu'.ciinnt Greely.
Tho captnin uf tho whaler l'.i.-ves that the
party ai sjnt out by I.ieu.enant Grccly to
meet tho stea'.ner I'roroiw, whieh was then
ou tl.o way to f-'mith's SiunJ.
Susi: & SincTii, lyndon merchants, havo
fniled for nbout Sl,'i"'),(l)J.
Guor.GE Waudux, Kcref ary of a proniinent
liowlnn corporation, has nbseondeJ with
JEtO.IXJU of tho coneern's fuiuls.
Tiie eutiro ministry o. Norway havo been
imijeachel by tho suprcmo tribunil.
A letteu lete'veil from Jloiatlan, Mexico,
gives terriblo pn.'iicu'ars of tho ravnges of
yellow fever. Out of nn opera trmiio of
thirty-eight pei-sons only ilvo Wero lcft nt tho
end of livo w. eks.
The Spnnbli nmlu'salor in Fraixi do
mnmbd tho punishmjnt of tho (.iT.'iilers iu
the recent insu'.t to Kin; Alfoiwi.
Urox President Grevy's request Gcneral
Thilnudin, Freneh ministr of war, sent in
liis resigmtio'i. General Thibaudin hnd
rofu-.ed to nttend tho receptiou given iu Paris
to King Alfouso, of Siain.
At Surogosha, Sj nln, a crowd asscmb'cd
beforo tho French consjlato nnd bcgnu to
stouo tho bulidin;, wh?n they wero charged
by tho polieinndilispertoJ. Thocausoof tho
nttnci wa? King Alfono'stroatnient whilo in
A wild pig found in tlio woi.ds r.cnr Lvtlo
Sta'ion, Ky., was, nfter considemblo difli
culty, eo trnlncd by his ihider thaf l.o wouM
tollow his mnsUTttsthe hist'Ticlanibfollowed
Jlnry, AVlienever his nntter t-its down to
at tho pig will Jio down by his a de, nnd eat
auddrinkwliateverhls trair.or ha'.idihim.
From "7i to :i' u ca's aro do..troyi-d weekly
in l'lulndelnhia by tho ngent of the Woirnu
liinuch of ti:o C lty Rcfuse for Lcsl aud Suf
leiing Aiiiuir. u
This ycar tho grnr.o oropof tho groat Hud
n rivcr vnlloy fruit ilistrict is immcnse.
AjmnosK Daooett, a young man worklng
on tho farm of Davld Greely, nt Liberty, Mo.,
shot Elln, n daughtor of Greely, through the
ncck, causing instnnt death. Innnedlatoly
after tho shooting IJaggett went into an
orchnrd near tho hou.o and shot hiinself
through tho head, expiring instantly. Jeal
ousy was tho causo of tho murder nnd sulcide.
Dnggctt hnd becn iinrtinlly dernnged nt
At Northboro, Mnss., n man named Ta'
lor, rosidhig in Brockton, but 011 a vlsit with
his wifo at thohomo of Hichard Eylnard,
shot his wife, ilangerou'-ly wounding hcr,
nnd then blew out his own bralns.
A stiieet car nt Alloghany City, Penn.,
collidod with a freight traiu, nnd nll its pas
ssngeri, twcnty-llvo in numljer, wero in
jurcd, two or threo with a likellhood of fatal
AMonMO.vconfcrenco at Salt Ijvxo Cily
wns largoly attcndod. Leading Mormons
imiressed upon their hcarcrs tho necessity of
living up to their rcli'jion, practicing polyg
nmy nnd paylng tith'ng. Apotlo Cnnuon
lirocnted tho stati,ties of tho church, which
thowul n meinbeivhiii in Utah of l'27,'-".li.
Tlio church orgnnization cnibraces twelvo
nixistlcs, fltty-cightpntriarchs, :i.Ss')5eventies
:),15:i nighprie't?, 11,0 W elders, 1,.10!) bMiojn
nnd l,(Wi) deacons. Arteonarcpart? nmembor
ship of 2,9H. Idaho is not rerortd, but has
doablothat of Arizona. Eighty-ono missioinr-
r ie3 havo becn appointod to go ou mission? to
Luroiio and tho Unitod Stnto?. Efghtccn nf
this numbcr wpresetnpart for mission? in tho
Southorn Stntts. Tho Southern couverts aro
being coloni?e 1 nialnly iu Colorado.
Tiie nnnivcrsary of tho settlement of
Gerinantown, l'cnn., wascelebrnted at Clove
land, Ohio, by n monster uarndo in tho nttcr
noon nnd n grand festival at night, nt wliicli
addrcsso? wero mndo by tho mnyorand nu
nicrous promineut Gernian rcidHiit'i.
Dallas, Tcxas, has been visltcd by a rain
which destroycd a largo nmount of valuablo
propcrty, including nbout fl,00J ba'.cs of
Al.DKItMAN IlESnV PrAUNCKEnPHO.V, of
Austin, Tcxas, nnd n mnn named Jetta (juar
reled, and tho nldcrninn shot Jett3 twiee.
Jettc, in fnlline, seized tho wcnpm from
Pfauncker)hon nnd shot him in tho nbdo
men. Botli nion wero fntnlly wounded.
Manv tliouind ncres of public land nro
said by nn investigatiug ngent of tho govcrn
ment to hava bjen stolen hi tho Territorics
by parties who have seized tho domain with
out complyiiig with tuo homestead law-.
Niiiili.sT pro 'lamations nro said to havo
been Rsued. solemnly scntoifiu; tho czir of
Itussia to death becaus3 ho hasfailo l to grant
liberty to the people.
He.nky Iiivi.vo, tho lcnding English n?tor,
nbjiit to visit America, conchUed nn un
parnlleled parting tour of the provinces
at Llverpool. Tlio receipts wero enurmous
and the cnthusinm was such that tlio netor
was publicly entertained in every city ho
NfJlEliors baudscallctl Hos, similar to tho
Black Flagsof China, havjinvaled Siain.
The cjar of ltu'ia and Jiol'rincoof Wnlcs
have goue to Swedeu on n hunting cxcursiou
AsK.ifillu t r imls in (Iu- Tcrrititrivs
Sci.lng- thc I'nM c ItiMiiuin.
A Snlt Inko City dNpntch iys: Colonel
Jnmes Tullis, n special land ngent of the gov
ernment, who has been invctignting tho
land frauds in the Territorics, is in this eity
Ho says thero has bcen sonie tnll swear
ing dono by witne-,ses in some of tho
land olllces, nnd that largo traets of
land havo been patented by per.-ons
who had in 110 wiso complied with the Idnd
law.s. Tliodes-rt land cntiy not had been
violatcd with n recklcj-sno-s that was oi
tively astonMiiu; In HLiny ca?cs it wns
found tlint nb-oiutely nothing had be?n dono
touard reclainiing tho lands. and yet whnt
ni c known nnd regnnlcd as so Jd eitizens havo
gono lieforo tho landolIlc?rsun inia lesolemu
oath that tho land hnd been reelaimed nn 1
nll the coiiditions of tho law complied
with, where, in fn t, 110 11 nrk mndo by
human hands could 1 found Uou tho
cntiro traet. Other traets wero tnken up
under tho dert net that nro 110 moro ilocrt
than tho valley of tho Ohio river. Other
land wns found to hnvo becn taken up under
thetinibereulturo a"t upon which thero was
crowing nt thetinieof tlieoriginaUlling moro
fonst trcos tlmn tho law requiivs when iliial
proof is to bo made. Tho 1k m-stea i Inw hn?
not Ik'cu fnirly construfd, nnd thoiwinds of
aeros havo liecn jKitenteil by jicrsons who
hivo not complied witli 0110 idnglo iv
quireuient o the law, and who havo
Kiven finudment totiinony ntli tho full in
tent nud Iurpoe to ilef raud tho gove rnment.
'iensof tliousatids of ncres of public lands
nre fenced oif by wenltliy stock raisers, thu?
leaving tho actunl scttlers without n rangi
tortho fnmily cow. In 0110 instnnco it wn?
found that men livi g near a city in Mo:i
tnna had fenced up :i,HHi ncres of pub ic
lands nnd pennit' od tho town jioople to pas
turo their stcek on tho eiicksaro lor $1 per
month 1 er head.
YIET OLD PEOPLE.
Dr. OliverS. Taylor, of Auburn, N. Y., tho
only survivin' lnenibcr of tho Dartm.u'.li
sollege clnss of 1K1S, is lOtJ years old.
Ephraim Hhcrikld, of tlnk lilulV, Ark., wns
iu 1ns lOidyenrwhtnhediwl. HNfather and
his two brothers all hved moro tlmn ninety
For sixty j-ears Mrs. Hotn Davis, of JeiTer
sonville, Ky., wasu slave. SIio has just dicd
nt tho nge, aicordiag to her friends, of l'M
AVilliam Pullivnn, of Urlmua, Ohio, who
diod reeently at the ago of ninety-four yeni-s,
fou.ht iu tluwarof M'i, and nh in tho
After n married lifo of sixty-scre 11 yeni's,
Amelia Sanfonl, of Milleilgeville, tin., died
reeently in her ninetieth ycar, Her lmsbnnd
W. J. Bnrlow, of Livo Oak, Fla., is 103
years old. His fathcr lived to tho ngo of lOii,
nnd his grandfather, itissaid, wiu lti years
old whenhe died.
AValter Evnus, who dicil reeently nt Head
ing. 1'enn., ngid ninety year . wa.alwchclor,
and wcaltliy. lio nover left uis farni, fenring,
ho said, to inect a woman.
r Judgo Thonins Stewart, of Warren countj',
New Jersey, had suvcn sons. Ono of them
isstill living nt tho ngo of So. Tho others
dieil nt Wi, hn, S1, kU, H nnd t'.'.'.
Tho sistcr of Mrs. Lydia Mu'ford, who died
nt Hauover Neck, N. J., ngul nincty-one
eai-s, is living iu Moumouth county, and her
ngo, it is ta:d, oxe eeds a ccntury.
Indtans in Brnzil uso nnts to dress wounds,
cniiMing them to bito tho edges tcgethcr nnd
then eutting oif tho hend; tlio inw s will not
relax, but hold tho wound togetiiertillhealwl.
They wero formerly us. d ns a cruel Instru
meiit of torturo by South Afrioiu trilw-i,
wlm tied their vietim to a trie, smeaitHl hif
ludy with greaso.aud plaeod n aut's uest
A LARGE FIRE. .
Burning of tho Exposition Buildings
Tho Entirc Buildings with All Thcir
From dlsimtches to tho New York papors
wo glcan tlio following partlculars of tho de
struction by flro of tho exposition buildings
nnd contcnts nt Pittsburg, l'cnn.
Tlio mngnificent buildings of tlo Pitt?burg
exposition, 011 tho north bank of tho Alle-
nvcr, navo uecn totauy destroyeu.
Inmienso structures, with their
almost endloss varietv of exhihits. i!lustra
tivo of every bi-anch of art, scienco and
mei hanicnl skill, which wero ycstcrday vis
ltcd by thousands of iwople, nnd slneo tho
ofening on Keptcmbor 0 hnd been visited by
htin lrods of thousanils, is now a mcro mns?
of splintcrs nnd iiowderod cmbers, nnd curhd
nn 1 tangled iron.
Tho flro wns disrovcrcd in tho boiler room
nttncheil to Machincry linll, nt tho south end
of tho bullding; nnd "beforo tho wntchiimn
couM give nn nlarm, tho ilames hnd sjiread
to Floral hall, Machinery hall, nnd i,bo mnin
buildiug, nnd iu less than ten minutes tho
buildings wero on flro from end to end, and
when tho liro depnrtment arrivod on tho
ground tho flames wcto lieyond control.
Nothing was tavcd, nnd the tfremon turned
their nttention to savmg ad.'acent propcrty,
many rcsidences on South nveuue lwmg in
iinnies. Vy hnrd work, howover, they suo
ceedcd In saving thes1 with 110 moio dnn ao
than tho burning of corniccs at:d fenccs.
Hepeatcd nlarms soon nrous;d nimot tho
cntiro population of tho two cllies, nnd it is
cstimated that not less than from 75,000 to
100,1 0J witnoss?(l tho coiiCa-ratlon. Tho ro
llectionof tho ilnmes illuminatcd tho country
for miles around. In ono l.our from tho dis-'
covery nf the firo n nieronttenuated skeleton
of n onco ningnilicent strueturo wns nll tlint
wns left. It is known to have stnrted in tho
lioiler houso, nnd mnv hnvo bcen caused
from a spark from tho f uriinca, or tho ncci
dentnl ignition of somo substnnee from tho
gns-;'et left burning in tho lioiler house. It
will probnbly rench fl.0X),(J(0. Secretnry
Pnttcrson p'nces tho valuo of the buildings
destroycd nt fl.7),0(KI, tho insuiance lieing
?m(fK. Tho exlnbitors will sustain a
los of nbout ?VT(i,000.
An inarnblo los?. however, wns occa
sioned by tho destruction of the relie depart
ment. 'The cash valtiu of the iuticles con
tainol therein dld not exceed SIO.IXK), but
cnmiot 1m? replacel. Tho Gre.it Westeni
band lose a full set of splendid instruinents.
In tho snfo wero $0,000, the cash lcceijits
from yesterday's admissions, and Lovy's gold
Thc nttendnnco nt tho exposition yester-daj-
was tho hrgest of any of tho provious
days in its history. The ndmissions in tho
day nnd ovcning wero 1!7,(XK), nnd tho
crowd lnst night wns so grent that tho
builrtlng wns packed to its utniost
capacity. Had tho contlagiation oc
curred last night nt 0 o'elock, con
sidcring tho rnpidity with which tho
llnincs spnnd, tho loss of lifo would havo
been nppnlling, a? it wouid hao becn nlmost
impossiblo for even n part of tlie crowd to
The buildings which werc destroycd wero
crected in lb7."i. Tho maiii buildiug wns tfn)
feet long aud l.VJ feet wjle. Machinery hall
was 1(H) feet long nnd 1.7) feet wide. Tho
other buildings wero small.
THE SPANIARDS AE0USED.
(ii(ciisi K'ecltiitr Crmted hj- Ivlng Al
fi:UMi's It ceiitiiiu In I'arls.
Madrid disjiatehes givo 1 articulars of tho
intcnso feeling arousetl 011 nccount of King
Alfonso's insultiug receptiou by n crowd in
PnrR Vvm his return to Madrid tho
king's receptiou wns mo.-t enthusiastic. An
enormous crowd couipUteiy b'.oekeii tho
streets between tho railway statiou and tlio
roynl palnce. Flag? wero displayed in
every pnrt of tho city, nnl many slnjis
were clo.scd. Tho queen went t3 tho Es
curial to mtet the kin?. whom the cabinet
miui-tcrs, civil nud militnry o'.lieer.-, nnd
mnnv othenlepaties nud senntors welcnmed
nt tlio stntion. On the nrnval of tho trnin
loud cheere were rni-od, lnsting several
m.nutos. Tluir niajesties i)roceedeil
to tho palaco in n carriao unoscorted.
They wero surrcunded nnd foL'onod by u
grent ninss of iie ple. Tho plaudits i on
tinueil nlong tho whole route. The enthusi-a-m
w ns greatest in tho squaro bcforo tho
alaee, where thoutands had nssembled, nl
mot stoppmg tho progress of tho roynl
Tho king nppcarcd on the baVony of tho
I a'aeo several times, and nf terward held a
populnr re'eption. At night n scronado was
given beforo tlio palaco by tho hands of tho
garrison. Many 1kiucs throughout tho
city w. ro ilhtiuinated. It is estimatel
that W.HM persons attcnded tho recep
tiou. Tlio king orderod that 110 0110 should
lw refusod ndiinttan' o to tho 1 alaee. Tho
saloons could senrcely contain tho iniiueiiM
crowl of nristocra's, ollieei-s, privato sol
diers, students nnd woikmen.
At ono of tlio tlua'iv? in tho cvening the
nudience cimi elkd an aetre.ss to sul.sti'.uto
tho nntional air f r somo Freneh ojuplets
firniing a iwrtion of tho plny which wns
being performed. The )K) ulnrity of tho
royul fnmily l.ns vn'.t'y incrcnscd s:r.C3 thd
events in I'nris.
MARVELOUS AND MONSTKOUS.
An eight-legged calf is tho producV of
Bourbon county, Ky.
A CATwns boi n nenr Auinrin, Ga.. reeent
ly, with two head-. It is lively nud hcalthy,
aud cnn yowl with ono month uiul maul with
Tim larr'rst logowr brought into nny .of
tho sawmills in Pnragould, Mo., was tho
nualhft of four lrom the samo tree, nnd
nunsured fortv-two iuclies nt th. snmli end,
mnking l,t5i) feet of one-inch boirds.
A Missoi'iii mnn hn? two pnmpkins in his
gaideii, th" otio iiivauriug flvo ftet and ten
inehes in circiuiifereuco nn J tliree feet throj
iuclies in length, nnd tho other five feet four
inelies in circanifereuce, nnd thno feet four
inehes in length.
A KAHMEit brought a spiash to Kirkville,
Mo., lnst wcek, that weighul swenty-ono
pounds. Ho clniins tohnvu two other similnr
secinien? ut honie, growiug 011 tho tamo
viue, which nro much iargir t'.ian tho ono lio
brought to mnrket.
Amiiiew county, Mo., hns nn npplo treo
mcnsuring six feet f. ur mches iueucumfer
enco nt eighteen inelns from tlio ground.
The lurgest limb meusuroafour ftet niul two
Inche? in circmnfereufe. Tho bmr.cho? iu
tho widest placo ineasuro forty-nine inehes.
DISEASES IN ANIMALS.
,V Nntloiuil Ctiuvciiliiut Cnllt'tl lor tlic
Iliseiihsluii of 'I'liU Mibjccl.
A circulnr has lioen issued by the United
Etates tlfi arlinent of agriculturo stating
that n c nvention of roprcsjutntives of
nll claifes intcr.sted iu tho auuiml iudus
tlustnoof tho Lnited Statcs will lm held In
Chioago Thui-s. ay nud Fnday, Novoaibr l."
nnd K, lhNJ, for coufeieuea ejue.'rning con-tiigiousdista-o
aiuoiig iloiiu'stie uiiiinn's. In
mlditiou to ndtlre&es nnd ivioi'ts tho follow
iiig topies nro proioted for ilis'iisfion:
1. Tlio extcnt to which oningiousdhen'os
exist nmons comostiennima's m this eoun-
i. Tho motles by which they aro Introtlucod
3. Methods by wh!c!i they may lo eradi
cate.1 or infectetl dWr.cts to kolitod.
4. Tho ctlleiency of oxKtins lejislation
relative tosuch diicases.
niexlcnn Tlnilicr Klllv Hcr I'lro
Cliildieii nntl llcNtrn)'H IDcriclf.
A Laretlo (Tcxas) dispatch saysi A gentlo
man just from Ivmipasas, Mcxico, glvcs full
partlculars of a most horriblo tragedy that
occurrcd on AVednesday near that placo.
Mrs. Vnldez killed hcr flvo childrcn nnd then
hcrsclf during a flt of Insanlty.
In ono of tlio largo rnnches, nbout twenty
miles to tho southwnrd of Lnmpasas, thcro
Kvcd for four yenrs jiast a quict. woll-to-tlo
Mexlean named Antonio Vnldez, whoso
famlly consisted of wifo and fivo childrcn,
tho ago of tho eldest of tho childrcn being
ten years, nnd of tho youngest two yenrs.
Tho wife. who was about thirty years
of ago, had been subject to epileptic
flt? nnd spclls of me.'nncholy of long
uuratlon. lluring tho jia-t few months sho
bas cxhibited many eviijences of insanlty,
mid when in such montnl alierration invaria
bly sought'to do violeneo to her litlla ones.
On 'Wednosclay tho alllicted woman wasi
nttncked withn fltof unusual soveritj-. When
sho had reoovcml from tho spnsiu lier hus
band went to woik to herd a flock of sheep
belonglng to tho rnnch. Ho lnd ljcen gi no
but a short time when 1ns wifo roso
from her CDtlch, nnd with n hugo butclier
knife, which had ben carolessly left wlthin
hcr rench, coninieneed her terriblo work of
distruction. Her oldost child, nswcetgirlof
ten, wns flrst to fnll n vlctim to her mnniao1
niother's cruel blows, her hend lieing ahnost.
tevircd from her body. A ith that mathotb
poculinr to insnno imi-sons sho in quick
succession slew tho other chdlreu, hark
ing nnd stabbing them iu nsiekeiiiiiginnniier.i
Tho frnntic woman, nfter tho fivo bliodingi
little eorpscs Iny nt her teet, viewed them,
with grim satisfaction, illllng tho nir with
wild nnd wcird exclnmations. Sudden
ly, taking n parting look nt the
Hend Moro her, sho plunged tho knife
Into her own brtast, rce!el to a corner
iu tho room, nnd fell dead. During nU
tho timo this fenrful traoly wns.
lieing cnacted tho terving woman, a
peon, was j owerless to provcnt it from
abject fear. Thehusbanu was soon njiprised
of what hn l happened, and his lamentatloM,
were pitinblo in tho extremo and ho could not'
lw console 1. In due tinio tho neighboi's camo
and sjiecdy nnnngements wero mndo to biuy
tho dead. Six grnves wero dug and tho next
moniing tho fuuoral rites wero performed.
Lovc, like charity, covcrs a multitude
A man's ntling passion is thc key to
Wcll bcgun is half cndcd, says tho
provcrb, and a good bcginning is half
Thc greatcr a man's wcalth thebroadcr
may bc, if hc but will it, thc spherc of
If you count thc sunny and cloudy
days of thc wholo ycar you will iind that
tho sunny ones prcdominate.
The gravc is a vcry small hillock, but
wc can sec farthcr from it than from tho
highest mouutain in thc world.
Whcn you fret and ftimo at thc petty
ills of lifc, remcmbcr that the wliccls
which go round without crcaking last
"Wo havc a vast mnnbcr of giugcrbrcad
young gentry thrown ujion thc world
who rcmind onc of tlic abandoncd hulli
Eometimcs picked up at sea with only a
tnonkcy on board.
Timcs of gcneral calamity nnd con
fusion havc cvcr bccn productive of the
grcatcst minda. The jiurcst orc is pro
duced from tho hottcst furnacc, and the
brightcst thundcrbolt is clicitcd from the
Tlic world is tho grcat tcmptcr, but at
thc samo timc it is thc grcat monitor. It
stimulatcs our pride by its pomp and
show, its ilccting honors and pri.cs; it
goads men to the race, and inspires them
with covctousness and rapacity; but, on
thc other hand, it is thc gnat memento
and cvidenco of its own vanity and of the
cmptincss of cverything it offcrs to u.
It is tiie great saddcner, thc grcat warncr,
the great prophct.
By cxample, a thouand timcs moro
quickly than by prccept, childrcn can bo
tatight to spcak kindly to each other, to
acknowlcdge favors, to be gcntlc and
unsclfish, to bo thoughtful and considcr
nte of the comforts of thc fnmily. Tlio
boys, with inward prido at thcir fathcr'
courtcsy and demcanor, will bc chival
rous nnd hclpful to thcir youngcr sistcrs;
thc girls, imitating the mothcr, will bo
gcntlc and patient, cvcn when big
brothcrs aro noisy and hcedless.
Engli.xh Skjiai'ks iu Aincrlcn.
Of late ycnrs, says tlie HulTalo Couricr,
many attcmpts havc been made iu various
sections of this country to nccliiuate the
skylark. In most cacs tlie bird failcd to
tbrivc, and its admirers came to tho con
clusion that furthcr eilorts toward its
ncclhnatization would bo usclcss. In
Xew Jersey the cxpcriment has becn
moro succcssful. Two years ago Mr.
Kngland, publisher of thc Xcw York
Sun, imported cighty-four skylarks and
libcrated them on his lawn nt Hidge
wood, ns was notcd at tho time in these
columus. For sonic timc they kcpt ia
onc llock, and then some dispcrscd,
leaving a llock of about lifty. Subsc
(piently thcso jiaircd and scattcrcd
through tlie adjoining countrv, many
staying not far from where tlicy had
becn libcrated. Thcy werc to bo sccn
every day, soaring higli and pouring
forth tho soiig that only a lark can sing.
Whcn wintcr set iuthc'larksdisaiijH'arcd,
nnd many doubts wcre cxpressed that
they would cvcr return. spring came,
and somo wcre sccn, proving that tho
bird could witlistaud thc rig"rs of a
northcrn wintcr. During thc summcr
some wcre agaiu hcard in several parts of
licrgcn and Passaic counties. Tlu third
summcr of their liberty sh.iws yet
stronger proofs of thcir naturali.atiou
and ability to brcctl in this country,
thcy being sccn nnd hcard in niore places.
Onc man iu lloboken found a ncst with
four young ones and another ncst whicli
had bccn vacated. This was w itliin thrco
milcs of the jilaco where tlie origiual
llock was libcrated two years ngo. These
signs of incrcaso nre notcd with much
satisfaction by the people of New Jersey.
It is tlio Itulk't Mhicli 'IVlls.
It is tho bullct which tclls in war. H
sccks its targct on thc pickct-posr, onths
skirmish linc, on the r.iid. alongtlic ritle
pits nu'd brcastworks. The musket is
ncvcr silent. It is a slow cancer cating
away nt tho lifo of an cncmy. It sccki
hini out in the mvine, it discovcrs him iu
tho thickct, it gives him no rest on tha
plain. Artillery roars and flaihcs, nnd
its missiles scrcam and terrify, Imt the
jiondcrous shot falls wide of its targct in
digs its own gravc in thc soil. II. (JnaJ.