Newspaper Page Text
JUDGE MANGUM'S SPEKClf.
Wc ask the attention of all readers to the
following extract from the speech of Judge
Mangum of N. C. delivered lately in the U. S.
Scnalo. This speech points out the impor
tanceoftho coining contest hetwecn the pow
er of money in the hands of the. Administra
tion, and the power of the People. It presents
the question truly Money against the People.
It is a great nnd interesting question. It
must give rise tn a keen and protracted con
test. Tho parties on either side are strong
nnd powerful. The States and tho People,
on one side, against tho General Govern
ment, and its office holders, friends and re
tamers, on the other. These are the parties.
I take my stand on the side of the States and
the People. Italic it with confidence), thoueli
with certain knowledge that all our present
efforts will bo defeated. I rejoice to see eve
ry party compelled to take position. I nm
gratified to sec gentlemen come up to the
ntnvl rVUn .0 r,rt tilMitln tvmtl n f 'I'tlilt
111(11 l. A lltIC 19 11V llll.iui.. .ui.l.u. J
must fall into the ranks on the side of the
States and the People, or they must fall into
tho ranks of this Government nnd its official
corps.' Take position, gentlemen. Let the
People see where you are. I know your
strength. I know that present defeat is our
lot. Wc know that our cause is good, and,
with the blessing of God, wo shall be ready
to do battlp for it, from day to day, from year
to year; yes, sir, firmly and fearlessly will
we do battle for it, for the term of the longest
of tho Punic wars. The People will look
on: thoy will investigate its merits; they
will come to our aid; they will achieve the
victorv over power and its mends, nnd inyr
midons, oven in their entrenchments. Sir,
I know wo arc beaten for tho present. Tho
official corps and its adherents have n tower
or strength in the President and his veto.
They will keep the money for a while
The President's influence may screen and
sustain them yet a little longer, liewnre
of the hour when that protection shall be
withdrawn. Beware of (he vengeance of an
abused People. You moy bind poppies
mingled with the laurel ol fsew Orleans,
vet a little longer round the brows of the
People. But beware: the day of retribu
tion willsurclv come. Manv of us ma v.
nnd most probably will, sink undcrjho hoof
of power. "1 he blood or the martyijis the
a r . i, t,...l. ...:n 'i.-4r il
seed of the church. There will be those
to follow who will drive the spoiler from his
I have said tho States nnd the People are
on one side. Is it not so? Have not the
most decisive expressions of popular opinion
been heard, in the old States, in favor of the
Land bill 7 Have not the Legislatures that
were free from party control expressed their
approbation strongly ; Do they not Unow
that the public debt is paid I Do thev not
know thnt the money hero is not needed,
and cannot be properly used ? Do they not
know that this superabundance destroys re
sponsibility, begets extravagance, and "must
end in profligacy and'eorruption 1 Do they
not know that it is in this form only thut
they enn hone to be sharers in this rich nnd
princely public domain? Do they not know
thaj'un equahfistribution would awaken en
terprise;; stimulate industry, and enrich and
fcmbellish the States? And is it wonderful
that' the people every where desire the mea
sure? But net so the politicians. To thein
it is wo.rmwood and gall. To the great
"spoils parly" it brings terror nnd alarm.
To all others it brings healing on its wings,
unless, perchance, tou very few whose pride
of opinion may be startled, or to some from
the newStates, who may hope from other
modes to derive yet greater benefits from
the public lands than this measure promises.
If the measure shall pass. I know it u ill
is a crcat evil, and vet I
would not abrogate, modify, or touch the
veto nower. I regard the veto as one of the
contrivances in our system to break the
shock of consolidated power ; a wise contri
vance to orenif sudden excesses in legislative
action. , In the long run, it must yield to
the settled, dispassionate judgment of the
country. In this case, I venture tn predict
that result. But the "spoils party" how is
it that this party can have nn interest distinct
and separate from the communities through
which it is distributed? Let us look into
This great scheme of civil and political
liberty of ours, the ndmiration and wonder
of the age, is yet but an experiment: nn ex
periment thus fur illustrating, nnd gloriously
illustrating, the truth of the groat principle
upon which our whole system rests that
man is capable of self-government.
This system, in its successful ond splendid
career, is year by year developing new
symptoms, new tendencies, nnd unforeseen
phenomena ; some portending evil, others
full of refreshing promiseund encouragement.
In the early and purer times of "the He
public, parties were divided upon great prin
ciples, growing out of the workings of the
system itself With rmjal zeal mid patriot
ism, they took essentially different views of
the tendencies of tho system. This diversi
ty of opinion was found in every State, con
nected with no locnl interest or sectional
bias, but having reference solely to the great
questions, on which each nnd every part of
the body politic had nn equal interest.
These parties were the best and purest
that hove sprung up in our history. Time
alone could settle tho great questions be
tween them, and time has settled definitively
many of them. In the progress of events,
these parties took a tingo from sectional'
prejudice and local interest, and were nvnnfil
to other occasional disturbances and deflec
tions, from strongand heady personal nmbi-
uon. in tne iuiness ol time, in more than
half the States, they lost almost every thin
but their names, and were merged in the
great and fearful vortex of sectional intorests,
.and sectional interests alone, exceitso'farus
personal ambition yet clung to them, and oc
casionally modified their action. This mod
tfication of parties existed at or ubout tho
timer that I . first took a place in tho councils
of the Union. I then regarded them as
having taken the most dangerous, tho most
remorseless, and the very worst combination
that was compatiblo with the forms of tho
Constitution, and a reasonable guarnntv of
practical-.liberty. How short-sighted mid'
hovt erroneous were my views. ' This mod-
ificotion, restinir essentially upon crcat sec
tional interests, banded together for the op
prcssion and legislative plunder of the rest
produced nn irregular over-action in thepo
lilicnl machine, us well as in the great pecu
niary interests of tho country. This again
run into a new modification, or rather pro
duced a political phenomenon, eluding us
yet, the calculations ol the philosopher, in
reference cither to the probublo term of its
i .. -i. ...... i.. .......... -f
uuruiion, or uie miigiiiiiiuu uuu umuu ui no
Wo now sen. for tho first timo in this
country, u great, numerous, and powerful
party, formed without reference to any great
niinciplcs of national policy, without regard
to sectional interests, maintaining n sort of
neutral ground upon nil tho interesting and
deeply agitating questions ol the tunes i.
middle position, from which, with a dexter
jous skill iiuhcnrt of balancing, they may
incline to the North, South, East or West,
ns exigencies may require: neither tariff
nor anti-tariff: neither internal improve
ment, nor unti-internni improvement; neither
abolitionists nor nnti-nbolitionists different
sections of the party holding antagonist prin
ciplesupon all these nucstions ; nnd the par
ty itself, or rather the heads of it, holding nt
dillerent period., opinions favorable to both
siues oi inese, ns wen ns otner vital qttcs
tions. wo see them disregarding or despp
sing principle, acknowledging no test, save
only that of loyalty to their chief for the time
1...!." l .1". t.i . r i. ... i .
ueiuir. unu me ueucsis oi dim v. milieu to
gether by selfish interests; with no element
of coherence but the love of office and the
desire of public plunder.
This party has acquired the appropriate
and significant appellation of "The Spoils
Party." The idea was first suggested by
one of their high prieMs, who ministers with
becoming devotion nt the altars recking with
public spoils. They go for office and the
spoils of office. Their greatest interests are
centered in the Treasury nnd the offices of
the country. I o increase the means ol the
interest in common, with tho tho engine from off tho ndjoining track, the
)f our People. You seo hitrr trnin arrived at tho foot of plane number
one, at the distance of forty twoiniies irom
Baltimore. Tho instructions given to the
mon. or nn
frrpnt linilv of
borne on. in despite of his having been
niminst them upon odious tairifi's ; against
them upon tho profligate squandering of-
money upon internal improvements j ugiuusi
them upon the slave question j nnd against
them upon 4 very essential view touchinc
the puro and economical administration of
this Government. t m
Sir. what individual populnrityTnccessnri
ly local, can contend agninst this factitious
populnrily, endowed with ubiquity, and siqv
ported bv the keenest selfish interests ? Sir,
the only'hope is jn the virtue nnd intelligence
of tho People. And yet the People, scattered,
dispersed, without unity of purpose and con
cert of action, can nmke but feeble head
against a corps, powerful, disciplined, ac
tive, and controlled by a single will. The
truth is, organization, must bo met with or
gnnizTition, as far ns practicable, or the free
dom of election will be gone forever.
THE VALLEY HAIL ROAD.
The Editorof the American Hail-Uoail Jour
nal, published nt New York, has made in his
number of Feb. 20, large extracts from the pro
ccedingsof the Windsor Convention, and pro
mises the Address of the Committee of Corres
pondence, in n future number. He adds the
following rematks, to which wc invite the at
tention of farmers and others -along the pro
posed route. ri. Lfirou. .-j
Wo ennnct, however, permit this opportil
nit v to pass without expressing our highest
satisfaction -with the proceedings of the Con
vention in relation to this most important loose, when the engine, starting without ns
Road, eras we are in the habit of designa- sislancc, on this grade, drew the double car,
i.nrrihrrr had beerff as vour committee, are in
formed, to stop hero, and disengaging tho
double cur, tonllnch tho three single cuis to
the encine, and to ascend tho plains with
them, and fifty passengers; this being a du
monstrution of the power of the engine,
which it was believed, would satisfactorily
prove its efficiency for use, where the eleva
tion was at tho rule of two hundred feet per
mile. Confident, however, in the power of
the engine, the engineer, without stopping at
the foot of the nlane. commenced its ascent,
with the trnin that had left Baltimore. Tho
imnetus tictiuired on the level was lost in
the first three hundred feet of tho ascent, af
ter which the engine drew its load steadily
to the summit of the first planu.fat the rate
of from four to five miles nn hour, accumula
ting speed ns it approached the top. This
plane is 2150 feet ill length; 2030 feet of
w hich ascended at the rate of 107 feet per
mile, nnd 100 feet at tho rate of 201 feet per
mile. From tho first plane the train pro
ceeded to the second, which is 3000 feet in
length 2S00 feet of which nscend nt the
rate of 170 feet per mile. 100 feet nt the rate
of 227 feet per mile, and 100 feet nt the sum
mit at the rule of 2G1 feet tier mile. The
engine nnd its train ascended at the rate of
from five, to six miles per hour, to within
thirty feet of tho summit of this plane, when,
whilo on the grade of 204 feel to tho mile, it
stopped. The three small cars, weighing
live tons one hundred weight, wero then cast
Utiln Senate Monday, April A.
The bill for admitting the State of Ar
kansas into the Union, was read a third time
and passed yens 31, nays G. The expun
ging resolution was then token tin, and Mr.
Leigh addressed tho Senate. Before lie had
concluded his remarks hegavo way for a
motion to go into executive session. After
n short session with closed doors, the Senate
In tho House of Iteprcsentatives, the de
bate was resumed on the Kentucky resolu
tions, in favor of n distribution of tho pro
ceeds of public lands, nnd Mr Howes con
tinued his speech until the expiration of the
morning hour. wMrWiso moved n suspen
sion of the rulesflfor the purpose of taking
into consideration a resolution for nn inqui
ry whether there is any connection or rela-
Treasury, and to multiply offices, contracts.
and jobs, is to increase their prosperity. It
is dear thnt the interests of tho Spoils party
is diiectly opposite to the interests of the
l'eople. Jt is equally clear that theynreu
corps separate and alone, having n common
interest among themselves, hut no interest
in common with the rest of tho community
As thev have a separate interest, so thev
have a separate organization, which, in its
character, is hard, stern, and inexorable.
I hey are in the. nature ofa creat military
encampment in the midst of a peaceful com-
munny, living upon the iruits ot honest
men's labor, feared, haled, nnd vet for the
most part implicitly obeyed. Their disci
pline is exact, ond their stratagem masterly
i uey uccimy every important post tnrouirh
out uie union, i hey are moved bv n sini
will. An impulse nt tho centre is felt
throughout tho extremities. They are en
dowed with a sort of political ubiaiiitv. A
single word of command from head quarters
unngs upon loot more than a hundred tlious
and office-holders and expectants dispersed
.1 I . .L T. 1 .
iiuuuijiiuvH uiu union, animntcu oy one
spirit, and intent on n sincle obiect. Uein
forced by a subsidized press, they simultnnc
ou&ly utter a spurious coinage of public
opinion which is borno from the extremities
to the centre, whence the refluenco sweens
. I. . . . . . . '
over uie enure uonieucracy. jjy this pro
cess, a man of straw, or certainly a John
ucn or iticnaru rcn, may ho presented as a
Presidential candidate with hich claims and
n commanding popularity. To consummate
mesciiemc, another order issues forn great
Baltimore Convention "fresh from the Peo
ple," to determine precedence between the
rival pretenders to the throne. This trnim.r)
band is instantly afoot, delecnles arc sent
some with and -some without constituents
1 hey register the edicts of their chief the
dispenser of the spoils ; and these edicts are
sent to all the ends of the earth, as the col-
itcieu win anu wisdom ot "The Great Dem-
ocr.uic Hcptiblican Party."
Il is easy to perceive that no merit, how
ever exalted; no public service, however
illustrious, can contend, single handed and
alone, ngainstthis stupendous array of power
and influence. It iseasv to see ii tlm p..
ident for the time being shall place himself
lu iuo nenu oi tun icarlul organization,
bringing his official power, patronage, and
influence to bear upon freedom of opinion,
unu iuf irceuum oi suurage, that successful
resistance will be difficult, nav. nlmnst im.
possible. It is easy to see thut, if the People
shnll not rise in their miuht. ivhil it U vm
time, arid brond with scorn all arrogant in-
lorfprnnro with tlm... .!!. l : i s..
...... . i iijjino, uuu imptioent
attempts to dictate tho succession, the day is
not far distant when they will surrender in
despair, and abandon all hope of ever seeing
.uiuuii-i i-ii-siueni ireeiy cuosen by the unbi
nssed suffrage of the People.
feir, 1 pronounce it as my deliberate and
solemn conviction, that if the People, in the
pending contest.shnll not risi. in th
and robuko Executive interfi!riii-r. nn,i i'i.
unions uicinuon oi a successor, unless eon
I'll Qlnn clinll n .. . . .. .
u" oiiuu jnuuiitu u uuu siuie oi tnin'rs,
wu shall never see another Pre.xhb.m fmnl,.
chosen. Not moresurcly did the Emperors
of Pome, backed by their Pr.xtorian bands,
iiiiiunuisi penoas oi ner history, dictnte
tho succession, than will this organization,
ut-uuci uy uie rrcsiuent. annomt. from irm
to term, Ins successor. If this organization
shall prevail ut this time, where is the ground
of hope for defeating it in tho future ? Will
tho People ever hove n Mrnnm.r .nc . -
tho "powers that be" well hnvea weakerone?
Is their nominee either eminent for talent
or illustrious for public service? Where
nro the fruits of his ability, or the monu
ments of his statesmanship? Where the
proof of elevation of principle, broad states
manlike views, decision of character, or puro
poiticul integrity? Where? Where? And
vet, without pretension to distinguished pub
he. service; without eminence of ability, oi
l.u o, am m; public virtue, he is a now-
v. , uiiiijuuior. wiio cnta
CStimato tnn nruvoi ami i..n .....
estimate tho power and influence of "The
Spoils Party ?" Look to the cntir'o South.
You seo their candidato holding a doubtful
and passengers to the summit with tho great
est apparent ease. The steam escaped in
volumes from thu safety valve ns well when
the engine reached the summit of the planes
as when it left the foot of them. The weight
drawn up the planes was ns follows, nccord
ing to actual weighing:
ting every new Hoad already or obout to be
uuderlaU'i) "link m the grand Cham.
There are in reality but few routes along
which the inhabitants would be more bene
fitted than through the valley of the Connec
ticut. It is in truth the garden of New
England and it is inhabited by ns hardy,
as honest, ns industrious, nnd as intelligent
n population ns can be found elsewhere.
Yes, ire challenge the. world to produce its
parallel! Why, then, have thy so long
neglected to improve their own beautiful
valley and thereby retained their sons anil
daughters urqmul tfiein, to cheer their decli
ning years, and to enjoy the pleasure of im
proving their native hills nnd beautiful val
leys? Simply, we answer, because they are
an hardy, and prudent people, who grow
wealthy rather by industry than by specula
tion nnd they have thereforo been content
linings, ..iimitiiuu umnvi u, iwiiiiu tew , ginc, without tup assistance oi the impetus
years. Anu the nouns nnti necessities no, 0f previous high speed and the weight of
"i..ui., u, iiiii.n, mi im.- iii-ujiir, ;iu ion io cwt. deducting Irom the above the
must nlso change. Four and five miles per weight of three cars cust offon plane num
hour will not answer now a days nor one, ber 2. was drown uiih mml ..-ic. ,,
or two tons for n load of merchandise-, or pro- j frrade of 2G 1 feel to iho mile, the engine
"'ice by no means it must he forty to one,, starling tho trum from rest on this urade.
nunuicn ujiis ai uie raw oi icn 10 uiiecn
miles per hour, to satisfy those who believe
I 10 2 0
1 15 2 0
3 17 0 0
.A. 15 2 0
ffcr ' 0 0
17 1 4 0
8I0 0 0
on and they have thereloro been content ! np the grades before mentioned, the s
ith the ordinary facilities of transacting 1 0f which was 2-WKfr'mile, with
iismcss. 'Times, however, ami things have j ease, nnd by the intiercnt rTower of
lianged. wonderfully changed, within a few.rrinc, without the assistance of the i
Making a gross weight of 25 11 0 0
'This weight of 25 tons 1 1 cwt. was drawn"
up the grades before mjmtjpned, the steepest
in the "march of mindjf of the present day !
Must, did I say ? Yes. must ami wo know
of no section of the cuuntry in which it may
nay, in', bo accompanied more readily,
or more certainly, than by the people of the
Wu were surprised and hichlv cratified
by the facts staled in the report of the Com
mittee to ascertain the amount of available
wjater power of the Connecticut, its tributa
ries, and the streams running into Lake
Cradled, as wo were, in the unner vnllev
of the Connecticut, and having spent many
years along its banks, we supposed we knew
something of its resources. We were not.
however, aware of the extent of power, un-
nxed and useless power useless only for
want of easy and cheap access to il which
it could boast. Our lack of information,
however, was from n want of invesiiuaiion
as we can, on reflection, well believe and
not from the nbsence of data to arrive at thu
truih. Anil wo are the more stronelv im
pressed with the importance of this work.
I.I . j. . '
unu tne necessity ol early, efficient, nnd un
tiring efforis. to insure early construction.
in relation to the amount of business
which the countrv will furnish, ivn iln nnt
ueem n necessary to say a word, save that
mere cannot ue a doubt not a sin ale don 1,1
hut that it will, immediately on its comple
lion, pay nn income of 11) per cent, nt least
and this will be greatly increased in five
years, at fair rates of loll. This, however.
is not us most important feature this will
not be its greatest value; as, on thnt day on
which a locomotive shnll msx its uniii-n
ength, rrom tide water to Canada 11 mi nnd
oj course, to Montreal, on that day, we
say, every man's nroneriv within si mil.
of its route, will bo worth 25 per cent, more
than il is this day, nnd in truth and conscience
wo may sny forty to fifty per cent. an in
crease which would moke three such roads.
u on, then, we say go ahead
Hon, official or unofficial, between Reuben
M. Whitney and the Treusury Department,
but it was refused yens 81, nays 90.
The discussion of the Navy Appropriation
Bill was resumed, and Mr. Jnrvis addressed
tho Houses until the usual hour of adjourn
ment, when Mr. Robertson obtained tho floor,
and the House adjourned.
In tho Senate on Tuesday, Mr. Benton,
on leave, introduced a bill for supplying the
Mint, from the JJopositc Banks, with silver
bullion. The ninouut which will bo de-1
mantled, at present, will Uo about n million
of dollars per month. A bill to authorize
the importation of certain articles free of
duty, was considered in committee of the
whole. A bill from the House, to nmcnd
the act granting relief to the sufferers by
fire in New York, limiting the operation of
tho bill to such, bonds as fud been given at
the date of tho fire the construction put up
on it by thu collector being to apply it to all
bonds given, up to the date of the passage of
the bill was read a lirst, second, and thud
time, nnd passed. The Expunging resolu
tion was ngain taken up. mid Mr. Leigh con
cluded his remarks. Tho resolution was
then laid on the table, and ordered to bo
In thoMJonso of Representatives. Mr. Ad
a ins, by leave, presented the resolutions of
the Massachusetts Legislature relative to
the North Eastern Boundary. Mr. Smith
from thu Committee of Ways and Means,
reported a bill to amend the bill for tho re
lief of sufferers by fire in-New York, so as
lo limit its operation to bonds given before
the fire. The bill having been read twice,
and it motion being modu that it bo engross
ed for a third reading. Mr. Adams inquired
of the Chairman of the Committee whether
they had considered the principle involved
in the bill. If he was not mistaken, it was
what was called an ex post facto law. Mr.
Cambrelcng referred to certain acts as form
ing a prece'dent for the present bill.
Mr. Adams said, he hoped then that the
bill would not be passed to a third reading
now. It required consideration, for it -n n
nnd to lead lo exnrr.tnlinm. ...i
-- ----- -- - -j--- -im huich Wft..
cr realized. Ho hoped thm WOuU
postponement of the question tonrin ,r'
tra number. ' ulu(i
Mr Grundy expressed a wish id.
gentleman from South Carolina had.
liis attention to the amendment J.
tho bill. It was so framed P
General would have no authority i
ny binding contract. Every com J(Ic,l,
bo submitted to Congress, and must ,
tho sanction of -thu two Houses, t f"
would be biiidintr. This n,..jJltf"M
been nronosed iv tho Son, 1 h
(Mr lining.) and had been
agreed to in the committee. Ti.. u aI
tcrlGcneral would hnvn nn
snluppt nf i-nnlrni-fe Tin ...... I l H
as a nccotialor with tho Wnr r....
Railroad companies all possible iufLl
which would be required as to the . ,
of the Government. Hm h.. ... 5
on the subiecta of cnnlmi-io . -II u. ..
un In nri.anrit flw nfl.... - 4
whom thev must ! ni-i..r,(,1 .. .
No additional nnwnr. ihnr.r...
r I .1
was not authorized to do any thing i
took uway th
at me summit two car loads ot nur iron
weighing each four tons, were attached lo j question whether the Supreme Court of the
the train, and the whole, weighing then 33 I United States would not consider it uncon-
tons 15 cwt. was made to descend the plane
on the return to Baltimore, bv the action of
engine alone, and without the assistance
of a brake, at such speed as the engineer
pleased, and was several times stopped, on !
till Will (Inn n tn vlinti' ,1... ww... 1 :.. '
, . v, "ui' mi. IVIIllllunu III
which the engine was held.
With such results as tiionbovo, it is unne
cessary to add, that your committee are
equally gratified and surprised; anJ from
what they themselves witnessed, they have
no hesitation in expressingmieircoiiOiciion,
that the engines of the Baltimore and Ohio
Railroad, are cupable of drawing with ease,
at Icist fifty passengers, up nscents of nnv
length, of from 200 to 220get per mile. "
struggle in evory State, save one,' from th
I'otomac to the Gulf of Mexico.
eminent riti7n r i . .
--v.. men uwu, Willi Identity
. identity of principles, and a com
irett. You see him borne on u-itb.
mon mterett. You see him borne on. with-
u- ii-eiiiig in common, a principle in com
Extraordinary verformancc on the linlti
more and Ohio Rail Road. ,W Ktimn
irom tin ohicial .report of a committee of the
Corporation of Baltimore, made to that ImH,.
it... c. it... i. i, . '
c iuiiumiiij vi-iy rumarunoio lacts respect-
iiik uiu power oi a locomotive. urnirmnn n
heavy train, to overcome nscents ot n rn.mii.
It nn, ti.l.,inr...n .1.. ..I . ...
hi iviuiuiu iiieuiuru ui us possible,
" weigiu oi uu ions to cu t. wus drawn
linn nltini. nnt r..... .1. ..
I- - ,.. U 1 ioiiim hU'i iL-i-L 111 inn mi 11 i
- . - , -- ..... u,
uuu 1001 1,1 uventy 1 The engine starling on
Some years nno. Dr T.nrilnnr .i,..
mined before the cnmmiiii.n r n
np.i ; " "V". """ail
u v.ui .iuui 5, spout) 01 an ascent or between
GO and 70 feet to the mile as the evirem
limn nt which the power of a locomotive
WOtlld operate The nrnrti-nl v :
, . - ...tiii-i ji' id
ol OUT Ampripnn imli.... ... r .
r -..vm .Hiuuuiu ior 1 10 per--
forninni!n n.pnrrl..,! I,..l... 1 I. r
built in Baltimore has aua,1rni,.i yi..f
With such results already, what may not
ut nopcu from the progress of our til) miirnitQ
A InnrMim I M T 1 n
"Tho t mm rnnniiiart l.n.!j .1
and Its tnni or nfr. ,ln..i.i .. 1 . . . ''"h"11-
" "uuuiu uigm wheeled
Tin: Iiion .Mountain. .lfr. Feather-
itonhaugh, in his elaborate Report upon the
mineral uuu geological character ol certain
puts of Missouri and Arkansas, submitted
to Congress at its lost session, thus describes
the Iron .Mountain in Missouri
Having completed my examinations of the
lead mines, I pursued' a souiherlv ennrs..
with the intention of visiting the ilistrict of
primitive rocus, us it hud b.-en desciibcd to
me, wiuoh lies on about the same parallel
with the heads of I he Meniniack river. At
a considerable distance I perceived very lof-
ll liille nfn A'tfV.ir. ... . . r
v " "luviviu i3icci irom any 1 jmd
1 cjosseu, and having an abrupt and stony
IISl'IMlt. Till! rnnl-e .1... l r . . J
. . . ..w .wsn0 uiiuii nil? Niniii. n i ,,.
litulional. It was unnuestionablv
past facto law ; and it took awajTfrom citi
zens of thl ITnitlwl .Qlnl,. rml.lc
- 1 'Itjll.J tvivu 111
them by a former act of Congress. With a
viewto'fiml proper lime for consideration,
he hoped the bill might take the usual
sengercar, constructed to accommodate for
ty four persons, nnd three four-wheeled nos.
eenger cars capable of containing seventeen
fnch. After so.no delav. n,,il.. S6"
coming .., contact with the leaders of n bur
'Jen team, who, being nlarmodprung before
.... "j.uii mi: aiupe 01 ine
chain are for a considerable distance dciiu-
ueit. nnu present a well defined sienite. Tho
.iiaiii nt a instance appeals to run N. E
and S. W. but upon crossing it, and examin
ing it inside, it deflected" into u crateri form
reminuing me in somo of its features, of
uniU iiiicu-ni volcanoes 1 had seen. In vn
nous portions of this district I found varie
ties of greenstone, alternating with some
hotizontal locks entirely qnnrizose, nnd con-
lu.ninjj u nine, upon one lofty hi nf
aii-illlu x juunil mminen r .1 .
.;.. ------- UH.1UIUO OI II11S
iJiCtDUs.rock. extremely and ponderously
mpregnated with iron, and at a distance of
about a m fmm .1... : .
. ... Ulu lru) inereasihir
n quantity , the inieimediotn AiUnn 1
curno upon one or tho rarest natural metallic
spectacles 1 have ever n tt ' 1.
Knnri.1.. 1 ' . T, " "! "'' l"OHQ
-, . . 6., vuw-nu witii trees, 1 observed a
ve.nliko mass of iron ofa steel gray. This
,.rT " . UY? tho surface of
n Htu il iiiiiiii. nnr nt in ..-r.. i
ho nnprnranco of being roughly paved with
"'""J " ', ' iron, irom mm to twentv
pounds weight; beneath the surface u 2
r0"" ims-.j ..red u,
iitftu viioi m vvr.;r inii Knn r.,. .
.meed it port., .nnd southl 900 fe , 'u i i
linn rni-ni.wl ....'.I. .1 . . V 11
rw":vu, superficial soil. Un.
USlial OS IS tile mnn-nil 111 hi rC .
cubic contents of ffita "St
.nsnificant to tho subtorrnneou qmn i,y
li s extraordinary phenomenon B
with admiration. H,.r. . , . ' m.t
iy of iron oflering the Vo,, c 'of Sw i
.hose adequate to all i'' J
After some remarks by Mr. Smith, Mr. !
Briggs, nnd Mr.' Mercer, Mr. Cushing of I
iMassachusetis said that
In several enses it had been decided by
the Supreme Court of the United States, in
reference to the words of the Constitution as
lo ex post facto laws, and by the Supremo
Courts of different Slates, in relation to
words of similar import in theii seveml
siitutiotis, that the expression ex ;ioj facto
applied only to penal statutes, and not to
n;gisiiuion aiiectmg the civil rights of indi
iitiuiua. ii mis, tnerciore, was the onl
nlililinn ', 1! . . I .
wivv.iwii, ii uiu nut aeein in mm in im ......
tied to as much consideration as the member
iiom iwassacnuselts hud bestowed upon it.
After somo further debate, the bill was
ordered lo be engrossed for a third readiii"
and was read a third timo and passed. m"t
isu auempieii lo obtain the assent of th
,UU5e 10 !1 resolution lor a committee of it
T,"rU. . "ve ! ,lu! enployment of Reube
in. n ininey, out a motion to suspend th
nus negauveu. yeas b'J, nays 91. The
Navy appropriation bill was nain taken un
in rninmiiinr. nfil.,, ... . . . '
. , ",u iur- ainure enir
lirnnn:i-il ilini nn..r ,1... .1 .... . ...
, . ...... mtki 1111- .'i-iiin-mn n fmm i';-
ginia should conclude his remarks to-mor
.w.., una uiu snoiiiu ho passed, and
tlUllIU INI'llirC IliniKI.ll nt c.nn , .1
! m . .. . --uuii uo u ana tne
general civil nnd diplomatic bill
in nmrn it... i . . r-l.'V"'
...w.v ItlllVllllllIt III IVniPh 11 rv hn.l
cated to the bill making appropriation for
the support of the army. Ho made this
proposition at the request of the Committee
or Ways and Means, who were unwillinc
lonscr to take tho resnni,.;!,:!;... r i. . b
1 :"". ui iLMMnir
.1 - 1 - ---'w w,,n u
..... (....mn-Mi wiinout a dollar for supply
i he commitipi. rnr .....t .,r. ' J
number of engrossed private bills, tin
fry" nfoundinn?, ''"r'on of "-X
ry, j found other similar meiall.V. i,i.
eJifof.ulPNr. V I ultributo to an ex-
I. Senate, Thursday, April 7,
Uailroad Contracts. Mr n rnnnt
i ,h-m,ni,"l'u 0,1 ,ho Posl 0ffic " po"
1, I n "Ton on iho subject of the
1: l,0n. P0,.urncts thi railroad
.-.I.,, , wmcii ie rend from tho table.
llr I'.Wlnrr nf fl .t . ..l .1 . ..
. , . : & y",u 0iaieu mat the report
contained much important matter whiJh it
u,,i-, lo my vl:loro U)0 pulj,iei nm ()
.-.uMuug.y moved that there be 5,000 extra
Mr Cllllinnr. co.M .1... .1
UU Ullu WJU r,,porl WJ)S
mportant one, but he could not but appro
hend that it m .Mu 1,., .i;n;..i. . 1 r
ili.. . . . " tarry out
lu i ,, ,V,IIC" 11 contained. He feared
that the Postmaster Genernl w,,l,l
as tho agent of the Governinent to contracl
itm mvou vuilllHiiiirs. inn rrriinf .l.r
1 i1',3 .po."Tr' .nnd in i1'!8 rcsP"t iho bill
h "! '..cnr.clu."y guarded. Ho
...... ..v.. ..mU t ine to turn in his
mind the many difficult ,i.si. 3
n.l i.. i... r. ; ., ." -mcu to
.v...v, ,tl UV ill I D ninn lir
Iho hill Should enn 1 ? ?"m'
so lariro n num C ' ,7J 'T,!,.0'!!n,n8
,i.i.t:' "" uuvn i q caso
tl . t these ex parta reports held out flattering
prospects, which were doomed lo be cloudcc?
w ""ti-i u i lie I'mu.,
uencrai. was oiiorou bv i n Snnm. r
. . - . . j - "uuiiir r-,
f .1 l. ... I ; i "v.
uinu, unu nan receivcu unaniinou t.
.i .i... i.: ii : :.. .. , . -
. l ni.1. . i.iiu liii ...ii. iii tut muni r
r r ,UIH
vv i uiu uiviiii: uiiv iiil ri'ncpti
inc. l-osimasier uencrai os possible.
in. viiiiiuuii ivua uesirous tlinl tti
l0-PJ.V 1110 l'xlra should U J
polled, until there had been .i $
nuns unoweu ior examination into the rn
Mr Grundy expressed the liopcthaltll
ever number it might be thought prowi
print of this report, they mighfbe pr,,,
uiitv.-. ii ii us u iiiuiiur 01 UUSinrtc l.
i . .1 . . . 1 ... . ,
-. -"'"I'-'n'Ci might o;.
their conlracls with a full Lnnivledjeot
views of the Department arid the corcit-T.
..ii ivinijiii ajiu no wns a ineinkrc'iv
uommuieeon the I'ost Office ond IVtRm,
nnu n 'i il acntiiesrrn in iim m,,,.. n ..
uiu uui il-ui iiiium: i con m M mini...
: . . ' . Lis ii
on the bill : he fe It nmse f still . i;...
. ; ... uyvi.ri
act in relerrnri. tn tho
. -- - - -w inju t us ii is r-
tTlLMlt mitrlil UiyroTlftfr Airtntn TI- 7
.. i i -- ijcirin;
1 1 1 1 . ii.i, .1 a nn n. r ..
. ..iuic im
ecution 01 internal imnrovim..ni ri,.i-
enn vjovernmeni won u nrivnM
iPiimia inu int'iins ill r inn r.nn ..........
tllL'Si! roads, nnd u-nnM iUo . i
uiu riuiruaus mrougnout me Union.
The motion was then agreed to.
Incendiary Publications. ThcSena!p
ceeded to consider the bill prohibiting
ty postmasters from receiving or transact;
through the mail to anv State. TVrrftm,.
r:....i. - .. :
1ioiui.i, i.uiiiiiii iiiiiitTN ini.ri.rn rn...i.
the c t roil hit inn nf uliiz-t, 1,,. ,t, t.....
w. uiviunau si
Cmtn T...:,.... ... r: . . .
.. . . . r J " r..
ueu. and lor other purposes.
lr llritric nifiil. eAm..
..:i.- .1- im . , r. , '
oi.ivir ainoun, the isenate adjourned.
House of Revresentatirs.
II. n i. . .
-- ...... v.i iiiuul iiii i ir in nn nueri
tt submit a resolution for the distn'bulic;'i
solutions adopted by the Slate of Marjb
in f:rnriiiii h .1
iur.v-11 u(i in i-ummiue', ana fuu,i.iw ti
appropriated for public building!, ia
of a -grant of land for that purpose ISi
bill was finally reported to the House Tit
Navy annronriatinn lull uc ihpn tul-m n
Mr White's amendment of 8150.000 fa
Pensarola was a-ireed to. The bill w
then read a third time and passed, t)Jt!t
uouse, niter an arduous sitting, adjourn!
A party of the wild Indians have ra
committed outrages upon our western w
tier. homn li'n.- rinvQ cmro Mr Hltm
and his brolher-in-l.iw were killed on &
head waters of iho Navidad. Wc t:f
stand that he was travelling home, nitlb
family, (wifo and two children) who hi
mum nn ... .1 tt c . . . vn
Hibbcns, with her children. wercuLenp
uiicia. hum nnr i'niitimci nrnt'inrr inuir
somu to the Indians, they put nnendw
existence, bv dashinrr its heml arrninsUW
After travelling some distance un the Ctf
orado river, Mrs. Hibbcns effected bt
cape, and travelled into the upper W
nienhs. The company of rangeis sialic1
in that part of the country, pursued the
dians, overtook them, liilled their tW
wounded some, rescued the cartive cl
took several horses and mules, and dispell
ed the irnn" 'Two nf the rnti!?cr$ f
slightly wounded. Texas Registtr Ftti
IVi rr.....r..i --o.-ii. n. t,tlnt
occasion heretofore, to speak of the euc
ii-il h I..I..VI. I- L-.l l,.,., ir.'
-. .1.11111 uiu 1 UWLT 1UUII1 UUU I'V."'1!!
ed by Mr. Gray, to the weaving of Sil
But the only expeHlnenls which had lie
linnn I . 1 1 1 1 A I'i
........... v,, buiiOiiUtll'UlUUUU IUUUI.
HI the lost llin.n
i.i . v iiil U 1111. UIUI. M-r
1 .1... ' . ... . l!
...u iiiuuuiiieiurc oi Mil,, nas ucm j-
operation upon h piece of while IW
IJandkerchiefs three quarters wide T
.win iiiia mil in rnT nil iiniini mni iniu.-
fore hnvo been enteilnined in relation W
practicability of weaving silk in this mf
oviiiiuuii, Uy moiking the piece viuir
cil, and the 'loom has woven an inch no"
half of this fabric in one minute. CXseo
I. I .it mk
-mill line r nni-i n niimn n I Mil cuv
... w... I
. unu va ui tut" i it i in nir iiiiiiu) '
inferior to t in imnnriol The gis
who attends it is an uxnerienend cotton f
. . 1 . . ...I..
cr, nnu one ol the smartest in tho
wi.vi Him hib iiini ri iirnn vvnnniii uii--
nll....l .. J r i . . n- A lidt
Mniiiii lu iour oi tnem, anu turn on u"--..
dred vnrdK ? What W
1 .iT Y t - ....Iii3
"vmis j. uiiiiune snv IO tnni I 1 vu-
The town ofWnfrmm .plplrnitedintb'
- i"j "ifcwu o ii.vv; it D wmo
run ui u io asncs. ionaon pap.