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Vermont phœnix. (Brattleboro, Vt.) 1834-1955, May 20, 1836, Image 2

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From the Kev York American.
Wau with Mexico, which a few days
ngo only, we referred to as possible, unless
tho quiet mass of the country should inter
pose to prevent it, Is now, wo almott fear,
inevitable. t
Washington, Saturday Night.
A war with Mexico seems to bo the rage
juAttow. Some War wo must'have, or the
nationnl affairs would droop in interest. So
tit least seem to think our rulers. It will be
recollected that on some observations being
made a fortnight or three weeks past, ns to
the redundancy in the Treasury, Mr. Cam
brolcng scoffed at the idea,( and said ns we
were on the eve of a war with Mexico, that
alone would do away every idea of a sur
plus in tho treasury. He in his turn was
scoffed nt as on alarmist ; but there is no
prophet so true as he who by his own deeds
can cause tho fulfilment of his prophecy.
Henco we have had consecutively puesented,
tho call of Gen. Gaines on the Governors
o'tho southern frontier Stales for Increased
force ; his own march pursuant to directions
given him by the Department, which were
known to Mr. Cambreleng ; and now a let
ter of approval by the President of all nnd
every thing that has been done of n war
like tendency ; and to crown fall, n call for
oru million, with a statement that ten mil
lions moro may bo required I ! Such in
brief is tho prospect before us; and in fur
therance of this, the House having suspend
ed tho rules for tho purpose of taking up
tho bill, tho various documents to which I
have alluded were presented in support of
the proposition ; after which an inflamma
tory uppeal was made by Mr. Cambreleng,
grounded on the statement in Thursdays
Courier, that Te Deums nt Mexico were
Riin? on tho arrival of the news of the cap
niri! of tliu Alamo, nnd that a requisition for
an increased force of 5000 men was ordered
to conmlete tho achievements or Santa An
na &c. He called for the newspapers, nnd
after sundry objections to reading the euito
rial commentary thereon, instead of thcoffi
cial report, which objections were overruled
by tho intense desire created to hear them
nil through the House, tho articlo was read
by the (Jlerlc.
Mr. Underwood moved that nil the docu
ments that were read should be printed":
they were of so nstonishingn character, that
ho was not prepared at once to nci on me
bill. It was known that Mr. Forsyth had
had communications on the subject with the
Mexican minister now here, nnd he wished
to know what statement was made by him
on the occasion to Mr. F. Both sides of
the Question should bo given. From what
appeared, Gen. Gaines had crossed the Mex
ican line, from which consequences would
result that would cost tho country money
and'blood too. Mr. Cambreleng here said
mark that ho concurred in the propriety
of having the documents printed before they
ricted on the bill, in order that they should
approach an important matter of this kind
uith airdue deliberation and. upon the ful
lest information. He knew they must com
mand attention, and he had caused them to
b prcsehtedfoTthat purpose, so that tho
House might be prepared , to act. on the bill
on Monday. This publication was -necessary
for the information of tho House and
the country. Mr. Wnddy Thompson, for
one, desired to free himself from the respon
sibility that must result from any delay in
iho bill. Ho ut the same time protested a
gainst any recognition of tho right by which
General Gaines had. as it appeared, called
for military aid. Mr. J. CI. Adams rose to
inquire, as fuller information was not given,
from either of tho chairmen of ways and
means or on foreign relations.-whether they
had any official report from Santa Anna, in
dependent of the statement of tho Courier
and Enquirer. Mr. Cambreleng blinked
this question, and went on to say ns he was
understood that ho had merely alluded to
tho paper to corroborate tho statement of n
necessity for an increased strong force on our
part; without which, ns Santa Anna was to
be reinforced, it was to be feared the Indians
would drive General Gaines before them,
&c. Mr. Adams further inquired, whether
the lion, chairman could assign any reason,
why that pirt of a conference held between
Mr. F. and the Mexican minister was com
rnunicutod on the part of Mr. Forsyth atone?
Why was not anv thing stated as to what
the Mexican minister had said or done?
Did ho not know that the Mexican Minister
on this occasion remuined mute said noth
ing? Wjs any communication as to this to
be made hereafter? The proceedings of
uen, Uaines struck him with ns much as
tonishmont ns they did Mr. Underwood.
A povyot had been given to that commander
which was in itself the power to make war.
Had tho Mexican Minister ncquiesccd in
this crossing of the frontier? Thcro was
another point of view in which the conduct
of-tho Executive was-extraordinary. This
assumption of power wns without any com
munication to tho Senate, and this was the
first day the act itself was made known.
Ho alluded to Mr. C.'s former mysterious
declaration, that we were on the eve of war,
and said ho feared that it was but too true;
and, as was then said, all tears ns to a sur
plus might bo at an end I However wilting
Jio would be to support a wnr when tho in
tercsts and honor of tho nation were con
cerneu, no saw on tnis occasion a gross
breach of neutrality if not an act of hostil
ity; and yet no communication to that body
in whom tho power of declaring war was
vested by the constitution. Wns it not fit
ting that they should have been told before
this day of these difficulties, much of which
had been created if existinirnt nil bv acts
of our qwn citizens, making war.against the
Mexicans? They wore commanded, too,
by a former member of that body, and even
lately propositions have been made to rec
ognize the independence of a portion of a
country with which we held a treaty of am
ity. Gen. Gaines even considered that the
Mexicans wore warring against what was
part of tho United States. - Ilo considers it
"a war against our Texinns." Mr. Cam
breleng said the word neighbor was left out.
Mr, A. said this did not mend tho mnttRr
-If ho w'as rightly informed, there is another
matter of some moment connected with this
wnr: it wns a war to re-establish slavery
end m a placo where it was .uow abolished
by the Mexican States. Resistance to abolt-;
tion was in fact the cause of tho war, and
hereafter, it was said, Texas was to come
into this Union ; but for one, he was for no
such udditfon to tho United States, nor
for countenancing a war curried on under
such auspices. He adverted to the meeting
recently held in New York, at which u
known confidential officer of the government
presided, inviting the people to uld in this
war, and he expressed his hope, however
others might net, that Congress would tuko
caro that the non-interference with foreign
nations, nnd the neutrality to which tvo were
bound by treaty, should not bo violated. Mr.
Peyton said, ho heard the remarks of Mr.
A. "with no less astonishment than grief and
mortification, nnd ho ridiculed tho fears
which ho held out as to the danger of war
from Gen. Gaines passing over an imnginn
ry line, when tho object was to protect our
citizens, &c; and he denounced Santa Anna
as responsible for all the consequences of
these proceedings, fllr. uamcr remarked
that tho instructions to Gen. Gaines wero,
"that ho should not go beyond tho lines;"
being only authorized to take n position- be
tween thif lines of the disputed territory
which wns claimed by the United States.
Mr. Bell said, although not prepared to de
cide on the merits oT tho case, it was best to
pass tho appropriation at once, in order to
meet any contingency to arise. Thcro were
strong circumstances, at least, to suspect
that a retaliatory feeling might be created,
which would have its influence on a victo
rious leader, and which an imposing force
only might counteract. Wo should be pre
pared for tho worst. Mr. W. Thompson
stated that tho present Mexican Minister was
a second Metternich; nnd although ho was
inducing people to suppose that a cession of
Texas might be procured, yet, on tho other
hand, he was known, when in London, to
have been alarming the jealousies of tho
British government nnd people that the Uni
ted States entertained designs upon that ter
ritory. No one in fact was more hostile
than ho was. Tho American minister had
demanded if he had so acted, and he frankly
avowed it. In fact, ho would lose his limbs
under the influence of. the ecclesiastical dis
position that pervaded that Republic, sooner
than cede Texas, where the air of really free
institutions was deemed pollution, nattier
than that, he would sco it a prey to Ca mun
ches, and a waste hovvlini; wilderness. Mr.
Adams took tho floor in defence of himself
from the remarks of Mr. Peyton and Mr,
Thompson, insisting that crossing tho line
of even disputed ground was a violation of
neutrality, and wtiich tee, if circumstances
wero changed, would be thu first to resent.
He declared finally, he was averse to sec
Texas mado n nursing mother for slavery,
even with the countenance of our southern
States; and in reference to tho censure that
was can on him for his diplomacy in ceding
Texas in 1819, ho averred that every word
of the treaty was planned under the direction
of Jambs Monroe that he (Mr. A.) was
the last man in his cabinet who consented
thereto and that tho present Chief Magis
trate, Andreic Jackson, then being in Wash
ington, he had taken it to him, bv'Mr.
Monroe's direction, to obtain his opinion.
nnd he was favorable to it ! So much for
that. The d elm to was kept up until a late
hour, when Mr. Cambreleng took ono of
his accustomed somersets, undnvailing him
self of the excitement which prevailed on
various accounts, said he now desired to
net on the bill, and it was finally reported to
the House nnd passed, and war with Mex
ico is now almost unavoidable I
In Senate, Monday, May 9.
INDEPENDENCE OF TEXAS.
Mr Preston presented a memorial from a
respectable meetinir of inhabitants of Phila
delphia, expressing their sympathy for tho
struggle now carried on in Texas for inde
pendence, nnd praying Congress to recog
nize it.
He; said he was not surprised the feelings
of the people of tho U. States generntly should
ao aroused on this occasion ; tor, whenever
there was such a strugglo going on, it hud
been always mamlested.
Their cries for liberty found on echo in
the.United Stales. Ho ((enounced Santa An
na as a usurper, who had tiampled on the
free constitution under which the people of
lexus tiad been seduced to emigrate thither,
rhat-usuiper was now marchinc on to com
plete its destruction, calling to his aid all
that ambition and fanaticism could susreest
waging at once, u war of abolition and
-uuioiicisin. no wns not prepared to say,
however, that tho U. . Government ouuht
to interfere in ihe contest now. A liigh und
moral duty devolved on them not to let their
feelings or their sympathies bo warped from
stern inexorable justice. The present slate
of things enforced tho necessity of forbear
ance, but at the same time, of being prepared
to-maintain tho interest and honor of tho na
tion nt all hazards, no as not to transcend
those other duties which wero imposed on
them by the law of nations.
it wns Unown that bantu Anna had made
it his boast, "that ho meant not to stop his
.. . r i m i ' ,
buiuui ui cunqucM in xexas; Dm inai nc
meant to pluck the lnurels from tho brow
of Gen. Jackson and plant his standard on
their own capiloll" That ho had declared
such to bo his determination, before ho tool
tho command of his army. Rolying, ho pre
sumed, for nid of a certain description in
this pioject, and which ho expected to find
on the banks of tho Misstssmni. Whether
this was mado only in a vaunting spirit or-
noi, was unnecessary to inquire; to bo fore
warned, however, was to be forearm!. nn.I
this only made it fitting, that if tho slightest
attempt of the kind wns made, they should
be prepared to meet it, when he should re
gard it as tho knell of his dominion over
iexas, ano tne independence of that coun
tj-y its certain result. As tho
jvet would shoitly como up,- on tho bill for
the defence of tho Western frontier, he
snouid now rcirain saying more, nnd moved
to luy tuo memorial on tho table, but with
drew tho motion in favor of
Mr Webster, who said that although he
concurred in most that had been said by tho
Senator from S. 0 yet, that ho could-not
forget, wo wero on terms of amity with Mex
ico had recently conclude! n irt
that Government, ns now constituted nnd
had thus .iggngnizcd its lawful existence,
itnrinr aiirlrfftrcumstancctf. he felt that the
same degree of restraint should be used in
npplying opprobrious epithets to tho Head
ol that Gdvurnmcnt, and which must pre
vent a result which he wished to have the
continuance of peace. Ho would not sup
pose that there would be aggressions until
there was some manifestation of it made.
Ilo would not do anything to afreet the
peace of tho U. Stales. Ho wont for it and
for the defence of the U. S. in all her rights.
Mr Preston said it was difficult nt all
times with the recollection of the barbarities
that were practising, to discipline one's mind,
so that the epithets which ho used would
not pel force bo dnshed from his lips. He
could not forget that ho had duties ns un
American Senator, although ho could not
but feel thnt ho wns olso a citizen of the Re
public of America.
Mr Porter snid that the neutrality could
only bfcprcservud by abstinence from such
denunciation as they had heard, nnd pence
could bo preserved, only by tho force of
public opinion. Ho deprecated the state
ments mado as to Santa Anna, and wished to
know unon what authority they were made.
Mr Preston referred him to tho Senator
from Mississinni.
Mr Walker read an extract from a letter
received by him from nn agent of the U. S.
then in Mexico, who vouched for its correct
ness, and that the declaration wns made in
the presence of the British and French Min
isters theru at tho time.
Aftersome further.reinnrks from Mr Walk
er, Mr Porter, Mr Brown and Mr Moorp,
Mr Buchanan said, he had five other me
morials of a similar character whfch he
asked leave to present. As he wns taisrep
resented on a former ocension, he. now de
sired to state, that ho only expressed the feel
ings of a man in favor of the Texiats; but,
that when called upon to act, he tnusfbo
governed by a strict adherence to tho prin
ciple of non-interference with the dbmestic
affjirs of foreign nations. He hoped they
would bo able to establish their independence.
If, however, Mexico violated the U. S.
territory, by letting slip the Indians upon it,
then, every American would suy, it wns
lawful to repel force by force. His blood
boiled, he confessed, at the recollection of
tho barbarities practised by Santa Anna on
them, but ns an American Senator, he could
not give them any thing but his good wish
es. He moved that the peiitions should be
printed nnd laid on the table.
MrShcplcy opposed tho motion to print,
not wishing to give the slightest encourage
ment to such petitions.
Mr Webster said, it was so much a matter
of course to print memorials, that no improp
inference could be drawn from their now ac
ceding to that motion, whilst it might be con
sidered disrespectful to the signers, to refuse
it. Ho desired that it should not go abroad,
that there was any apology or defence nude
in that body, for Santa Anna: he had not
heard any excuses for his barbarities, nnd
he would bo unwilling that any thing of that
kind, or unbecoming the age, should be
thought capable of finding apology oj 'ex
cuse in. that body. S
All tho memorials were ordered to bo
printed, and laid on the table.
The resolution cnllini? for inquiry from
the Secretary of tho Treasury, as to the ex
pense incurred for removal of the Creek In
dians, on motion of Mr Webster, wns taken
up und agreed to.
The bill Irom tho House to ntithoriso the
President to accept thu services of volunteer
corps, &c. wns taken up and considered as
in committee.
An amendment authorising tho President
to appoint officers above thu grade of Captain,
only, nnd providing that theso appointments
should bo confirmed by the Senate, wns
agreed to.
After some debate, the bill was recommit
ted to the committee on Militaiy Affairs.
And tho bennte adjourned.
In tho Houso of Representatives, Mr Ev
erett introduced n resolution culling upon
the President of the United States for infor
mation relating to our uflairs with Mexico.
The amendment to the nmendment adopt
ed by the Senate relatir.g to the exploring
expedition passed by a vote of 92 to C8.
This nmendment gives to tho President of
the United States, authority, if in his opinion
the public interest shall require, to send out
a surveying nnd exploring expedition to the
Pacific Ocean nnd South Seas, and appro
priating 8150,000 for that purpose.
Tuesday, May 10. The President sent
a message to Congress, informing that advi
ccs had been received of tho payment df'the
first four instalments of tho indemnity by
France,
In the House, tho joint resolution for ad
journment was called for, and negatived
yeas ey, nays uu, -
The bill from the Senate, providing for
the distribution of the proceeds from the sale
of Public Lands was taken up, and after
considerable debate, without taking the ques
tion, the Houso went into comhiiiteo of the
whole on tho "bill to provide for tho better
protection of the western frontier."
The first section of this bill authorizes
the President to cause to be surveyed and
opened a military road, from some point on
tho right bank of tho Mississippi rivor, be
tween the mouth of the St. Peters and the
mouth of Dcsnoirs rivers, upon such route
ns may appear best calculated to effect tho
purpose of tho act, to Red River.
After some debate, the bill was amended
so ns to require tho nssent of the Indian
tribes, inhnbiting tho country through which
the rond wns to pass, to its construction :
and also requiring that, in case their nssent
should not bo obtained, tho road nlmnl.1 v.
made on tho east side of tho boundary of
said State and Territory.
1 ho committco rose and reported tho bill
ns amended. '
Fortification Bill, On motion of Mr.
Cnmbrclong, the House went into Commit
teo of tho Whole on tho stato of tho Union
(Mr Mann in tho chair) on tho bill mnkin
appropriations for fortifications for the year
1630
Mr Cambreleng having moved to amend
tho bill so as to appropriate 81,251,000 for
arming the fortifications of the U. Slates,
m nirm nC Vn . who was entitled to
Ull uiiwuiiiu", . ... . . ! ,1...
tho floor, spoke two hours nnd aJiairon the
subject of the revenue, ndvocnting its distri
bution among the Stales.
Ifthesurplus was distributed nmongit ti c
States, the distributive share of Virginia
would grently assist in t arrying on her works
of internal improvement. By such- alone
would she bo restored to her pristine glory,
and wealth, nnd prosperity!
Mr Towns, of Geo. took thCfloor, and, on
is motion, tho hour being lute, tho commit-
Nary Bill, The Houso look up the na
vy appropriation bill returned from the Sen
ate, with the disagreement of thnt body to
so much oflhu amendment of the House, in
relation to tho exploring expedition, us re
quires thnt the President should bo author
ized to send out tho expedition in cose ho
should deem it expedient, and consider it
necessary for the public interests.
Aftersome debate, the House concurred
with tho Senate in striking cut the restric
tion, it hnving been explained by Mr Ad
ams, that the words were mere surplusage.
Tho4Housc then adjourned.
In Senate, Wednesday, May 1 1. In the
Senate, Mr Clay reported a bill to provide
for currying into effect tho treaty of limits
with tho Government of Mexico which
was rend and ordered to n second reading.
Air Clay said thnt the bill was in exnet con
formity wilh the former one, and was intend
ed to rcvivo the commission which had ex
pired in consequence of the expiration of tho
trenty. The Committee on Foreign. Rela
tions were desirous that it should pass with
out delny. There wns a peculiar propriety
in so pns'sing it, resulting from our existing
relations with Mexico. A survey wns to
be made; and we wero endeavoring to as
certain, as precisely a possible, the true
boundary lino between that country nnd our
own. In tho meantime, the General com
manding our forces in that quarter had ta
ken up a position in or near this disputed
territory. Existincr circumstances were such
ns to make it absolutely necessary that prop
er officers should be authorized to carry out
the provisions of the trenty, thereby evincing
the sincerity of our intentions, nnd tho fidel
ity with which wo udhered to our engage
ments. In the House tho Land Bill was further
discussed, hut no decision was had respect
ing its reference to a committee.
In tho Senate, on Thursdny. Mr Bucha
nan, from, the Select Committee, reported a
bill additional to the act providing for the
admission of Arkansas into the union.
The bill for carrying into effect the treaty
with Mexico (for establishing the boundaries)
and the bill authorising the enlistment of
boys into the navy, were passed.
The fortification bill was taken up for tho
consideration of amendments. The debate
was chiefly on the motion to amend the
clause appropriating 8101,000 for fortifica
tions nt Penobscot, bv increasing the sum to
$150,000. Tho Sonata adjourned without
coming to any decision thereupon.
In the House, Mr Johnson, of Kentucky,
from tho Committee on Military Atliiirs, re
ported a bill Tor the establishment or a Na
tional Foundry.
Mr llayucs moved that the rules be sus
pended, in order to take up tho Joint Resolu
tion, fixing tho adjournment of Congress on
the 23d of the present month. Mr Maun,
of New York, asked for tho yeas and nays,
which wero ordered. The question being
put wns decided in the negntivo Yeas 8)1,
Nays 107.
Tho land distribution bill was taken up,
ns the. order of the day; the question being
on the three motions of reference. They
were discussed until ono o'clock, when the
fortificntion bill was taken up, and debated
until the adjournment the question being
on the motion of Mr Cambreleng, to amend
the bill, by inserting a clause making an ad
ditional appropriation of $700,000 for tho
armament of the fortifications.
From the Washington Globe,
The Simrms Revenue and the Gold
Cllltll l.Nn V Wi linilrs.t!iml llinf (
great moment was received by the Commit-
. -r i- : ii i .- . ., ,i ..
ivu ui rureiL'ii iieiunons in me iinnqn m
Renresenlulivea on Vrirlm- tti. Villi l..in
the bill to purchase the French and Neapo
litan indemnities. By this hill suven mil
lion of dollars are proposed to bo appropria-
n-u, io vneciuiu purcuaso oi tnese claims by
the holders, and truly nothing moro auspi
cious to tho public interest could be con
ceived of. Threo great objects will be im
mediately accomplished by it. 1. TheTrea
sury will bo relieved instanter of seven mil
lions of dollars : 2. The merenntilo commu
nity in the great cities, now sorely pressed
by the Bank of tho United Slates, will bo
o,...,.l r,... !. r .1... ....... ..
aved from the pressuie of that institution:
I. Thu mini nf tin.' rTnit.nl Cmi... ...ill
quire seven million of foreign ijold coin to
I... . i : i i i .
iv.-tuiu;u inio nan anu quarter eagles.
Each Of theSI! flllil'i-ls is n nrn,it iir.i.11 ,., it.
If 1 1 1 J
sell; but tho latter is perhaps the most stri-
""o u"1 ponnni. i ne noilition ol so
largo a sum to our gold coinage, will tipme-
uinu-iy mum- gum a common currency ; and
US tllO Wliolo Sum n il I li.'lnnir tn 1 1,,, "l I., t..,,!
" O Will, Ull
Stales, the coinage and distribution can bo
so regulated us lo give the greatest effect to
the valuablo acquisition. Qunrter eagles,
ui ..1111.11 uiotoiuago nns oeen small, can bo
ordered by the Government to anv amount ;
when coined, tho Government can order it
to tho interior of tho Stntps
tiers of the Union, to bo paid out to tho pco-
Vw, uuu mug 10 00 put into circulation, in
stead of being hoarded in city banks. In
fact, the true diameter of the bill is that of n
purchase or gold bullion, und tho benefit is
greater to the country, in getting tho gold.
I inn il is In ,1,,!;-,. ? . b 1 '
- viuiuiiiiiia, ui gemng reauy
money for their claims. Of theso seven
minions 01 indemnities, part is now on tho
way to the United Sim tS nhmit fiirn mill iV tie
, - " - J M ' v W Hit IIIUIW
nre to nrnvo this, spring nnd summer; tho
rest in twn nnnlml 1 '
" iiioiiiiiiieina, uearing in
terest. As it arrives, it goes to tho mint,
takes its turn in being coined, then goes into
tho Treasury, nnd thenco is paid out to tho
people.
Mr Dewey, a stage proprietor at Castlcton,
Rutland county, liuu lost thirty horseu by the
cveuty of the last wintor.
FilOM TEXAS
Tho Editors of the N. Y. Journal of Corn
meico have been favored with the following
extract of a letter from nn officer of tho U.
Stutcs Army, dated .. ;,
FoitT Jksup, April 10, 13JO.
"Tho accounts from Texas arc truly 'dis-trcssin-'.
Col. Fannin's command, there is
no doubt, has been enliiely destroyed by the
Mexican army. A report reached Nacog
doches thnt tho Indians nnd Mexicans were
in large force, to the north of that city, and
ready to fall upon the defenceless inliabi
tnnls. In consequence, theso people have
fled to tho Sabine River (at Gaines's ferry)
in crowds. The river is very high, and
great difficulty is experienced in crossing
them over. Iho road oetwecn mis pi nut;
nnd the Sabine has been crowded with funiij
li.., fWinrr from ihe savacf Mexicans and
less savneo Indians. Gen. Gaines left here
to-day, with fourteen companies for the pur
pose, I suppose, of preventing the ineumon
of Mexican forces on our 'side of tho Snbinc
river. The General is too prudent to in
volve us in a war, unless he lias a proper
and iust cause. Therefore, wo calculate
upon having nn active campaign, but no
fighting. I say lo you, that a largo force
is lo lie in tho field on this frontier, and
consequently wc must be nctive.
From (he Altaknnat (Lull.) Manner of April 19,
PosTsciiirT.-From a trentleman who left
Perkin's Ferry (Culcnsieu) on last Thurs
day, wc learn that the people fromIexus
are flockinir in throuirh that dircclioti to the
United States. Tho accounts they givu of
affairs in that country arc not very flatter
ing. They state that Gen. Houston is en
camped within a few miles of tho Trinity,
and thnt so much apprehension has seized
the minds of the people, that they drive
their cattle across the Sabine, and offer thoin
for nlmost any price. They state also that
Houston had but.800 men wilh him," nnd
that many were leaving tho army and seek
ing refuge in the U. btales.
Cr-Thc National Intelligencer considers
tho subjoined extract of a letter ns authentic;
"In Caav. Sabine, lpri23, 183G.
Dear Sir In my last letter I told you
there would probably bo 'war in the West.'
Gen. Gaines has iust learned that nn emis
. - , 1 1 1 . .1. .
r, i. i .1. ..I. l.-r.L:
. l li l 1 1... T . . I. .
ce, wc snait sec oy anu uy. in me iuciiu
time he has despatched Capt. Hitchcock, of
tho U. S. Army, and a tile or 25 men, with
a flag of truce, to the head quarters of the
Mexican General, to warn turn of tho conse
quences, and to stay his hand, if possible,
from tho indiscriminate end inhuman slaugh
ter he is committing upon our devoted coun
trymen." Wu extract the following from the Louis
ville Journal Inst leceived:
"Calvin Henderson, Esq. writes from
Washington, tho capitol of Texas, that ho
wns in tbc Convention Mali when the mourn
ful intpllirTtnfn nf lh masnarrn ftrrimrl I
vjiiu 01 mc nieinoers insinniiy rose nnu
made a most stirring nnd iriflntnmatorv np-
-1 1 . 1. .. ...I I. 1.1.. -I I i".L
i.'i'i fi nil 11 Hiiiiuiifii inn 11 n.Tr .tun innr. i
ft, .......... f ,l.A r-..-. ..... ..1...
11 t41.11, ui ,u-,iii,ua ui ,111; injuuiuuuij, lull -
fiscal. lh.! nrnrmrn- nf nil whn hn!,l rn.
Rise 10 surVt?. iir. iietiiirrson savs: "I'rtor'r. ' t.. ... .1
. .
nuiiiio iiimimicii vvvrv uouv : nis aeaui wns
worthy of himself he certainly killed 25
viiviiti UUIIU5 IHM 3lv Ll I IVil
friends to como and n venae his death.
St. Louis, April 20, 1836.
Shocking Sckne. Buhni.no a IN'loro
Alive. One of the most shocking and re
volting transactions occurred in our city last
evening nboul Q o'clock, which has ever
been witnessed in our country. Tho cir
cumstances, as near as I can" learn them,
nre ns follows. A colored man, belonging
to one of the steamboats, was taken in custo
dy by the deputy sheriff, Mr Hammond, nnd
one of the constables named Mull, for some
disorderly conduct. They had entered the
Court House yard when the negro struck
Mr Hummonu on the chin with a largo
knife, which glanced nnd cut tho main nr
tcry, so that ho died in a few seconds. He
then turned and struck nt Mr Mull, cut him
in the abdomen so badlv, that his life is
despaired of. The negro "fled nnd took shel
ter under a shed ; and warned his pursuers
from npproaching him. Ono of them, how-
oyer, with a brick bat broke his .right arm
his knife dropped he immediately took it
in his left hand, nnd made several attempts
to stab those who took him. Ho was then
lodged in jail.
A number of the citizens soon collected,
nod were so exasperated that they demanded
the Keys of the jailer, or they would demol
ish the house. Resisiance being useless, he
delivered llirm ip. They look-him urn,
and, wilh nearly n Ununimous voice, resolved
to UUK.N HIM.
They then chained him to a tree a short
distance from tho Court House, and placed
under him a large heap of dry rails, which
thoy fired ; and one of the most revolting
scenes ensued thnt has over been witnessed
here. Tho shrieks ntid groans of tho vic
tim were loud nnd piercing, and to observe
one limb after another dron into thu fir n-n
awful indeed. He wns about 15 minutes in
dying. I visited tho nlnco this mnrnincr.
nnd saw his body, or tho remains of it, tit
tho place of execution. Ho wns burnt to a
crumb. His lens and nrms wero pone, and
only n part of his head nnd body were left.
The scene was too sickening to contemplate,
and I left it. 1
I have only timo to add, that while num.
hers here deprecate the manner in which it
was effected, thoy think his crime so heinous
that, terrible ns his punishment was, it was
merited.
Bikoular Fact Tho Now-Yorcer of
tho 7th inst. says "a gentleman .who wns
one of several creditable persons who no
need the circumstance, informs us that fire,
remnimng unextinguished since tho drendful
conflagration in this city on tho 10th of De
cember last, was discoveied in rumaing
among a heap of coal and cinders near" the
corner of Wall and Water streets, so Islelv
as the ht inst."
mr H.i mm rmw mm rmr m
Tl n . m ... .
lilt A 1- 1' I . K n n I n ..
Tr . lf 1
a. mufi 1 ia,ii,iu, iMA.V 20, 183fl
WHO S1IAT.L HE Oca NEXT P
mib - in niucii tnaffniini.
outrht to be duly coiiaulpn-,1 j .
. " . . " u"u itmt..
uiavusjiu. iim iiuuiiiiuiinn made lini
convcm ons ni aiontnp ior . ... -
........... -j vr
. I " ttlCCflTlM-.
iu uiiiiiii, 13 nut Butiaiuciorv to hnv .
bio portion oi tno wines in th! t...
btate. While it is conceded that Cm n
j-ttii futtl nttil tittlitnr .
- - j """"irainniu
nis uesi menus even uo not cam r.i.
eminent laienu which quality B .
1 . ... , --.,
tne reins ot government with dignity tJj
possible vicissitudes, and without trUi
President or these United Stat -n
, i - , . .. ... " wuw
menu niniscii io inc commence ofhiic
cnts. Nor can it bo said that eiper
matters of state or diplomacy give hjB
vantage over ins competitors. Hi, ,u.
sion io ooinmma is mo only instance n
lieve in which he has lieen ctnnlwi .t.
aim inai, u is wen Known, was produciitt
beneficial results. Without expfnenf, it
uuu iiiiui,iiiiiiu: UJ UlUllgUlSrifu tl
it tviai. la it nriiitnfit f i n..f?.l- t .
....... ... tuuiiuc (inwfc..
maiiugcinciii me interests oi tins vast hW;
For ourselves wn h.ivn no,., l ... .
wan ins nomination. Uiouch wi. r.n.....
as iiemi; uie. expression put lorthljifl
convention delegated bv the WI112 nsrir
we can no longer miui our eves tn th.ftw
a inrcc maiontv 01 the neon c nf iS;, c,
ueciueuiy upposeu 10 me nominal nn u,
assurances Given us be true aal
reason to doubt them there is scared. ir.
: .. i.: ...... Ar . 1... - ... . - .... ..
... 1 - - iiiuuuiai-i
heartily embraces it. Mr WpW, -j
doubted v be the first rlmiri nf tl, wi
ly in Vermont: but ins c ectmn lwn.
oui 01 me nucsiion. 11 remain in .u
who snail be llie man ol thmr rhn,i 1
thi! nurnose nf cnminn- fn -i 1M.1 .L.
ffii nnint. nnr rnltmina in)nn.n...r..
, . -.w v.vil ,u t,c
- i
candid discussion of thp merit, r,r it,. .
.... . 1 .4. 1
...'nM((K(ntrl llnl t if. nlnnr nrfl... 1.
nil AirM P 1) ,i l l.i l .i . ..
.. ! . ' . .. r t ,
j
timent of c'ery American bosom.
Qfitniital C. Alton tr lint liun
' j mi ayynuwsii
Master at Norlhfield, Mass. in the rJt
William romcroy jr. deceased.
iifiri in 111 iii7 11 r i" ui 11 k irmm iinru j
r r-t 1. it . . t
....... 1.1. . ..... . v. v-,: 1 i..ti: 1
Eciuifiv. nuvr, hut i , ii , ii, 11:11 1 n
11 I ? 3 1 ., ... ....
, "--'I
l..l .. ... n !. . nr lOn 1 .L
a .:..:. r .1..... . .
ry much the same as last year.
The apprehended JTar uith Mtzia.-
; - i-- e-
following in a postscript;
4 , 1, . .
i.f'i.(,.L;. j he c iini.iiv lii n ni dial m itus
1 itist lx-n tpwivpA in thiq ritv frrnn inrAn
; t , .
! Sta,,"ff V.1.".1 thcrc lt- lhc Jwld,:P
iiiptit 1 1 111 1 u us ui 11 win 11 1 u iiirxiLAn uuu
of j this that Gen. Gaines has been misiofrai
. uumaiion irom me ironucr. Memicr
1113 1 . . , ' " mVw
,,,s ,ct,cr 10 thc Secretary of W ar.
uovernor uannon oi i ennessce. ta
( , 0
i, . . . . ... p
siaif inr imriv pnmnnmii nt i-n iinimtH
- 1 1
the frontiers from Mexican ami Indiu
J; ifi.. .
ing the force called for bv Gen. Gaineit
in. ...I. .firiirmir , mm r, .niTicri.
unnecessary and unwarranted byanje
militia asked by that officer.
UI 1 tAUJ, IIU3 laaUiTU U JJIUliaiUdiiVU -T-
vnl nmi militnrir nnA nil rnllmfnra &u
lUIIUWUUUIllBj IU UU UUUC UUU iig" -
r ; .ii.. & a 'i.i. tUi rm
icuuug any uiicui'K io viujuic u
uu: cuiisiiiuuuii jhuiiiuuujj; uiv uui-
auinisiuii ui iviiiuuua ui iityiuoj
It w T t .k mftT
ftllu V. IVUIIO 1 1 1 Vlliuiiv -
IIUCI UV lllllllllll U BlUU 4U lilt IM"1-"
Airicaus uuo lexas exceni imm wv
atates.' ana this cxcention win w i'
lor no oilier nurnose t nan lor me ww-
s:aves. aviio. me moment iney
i .1 . it m inta
rn 1 Z 1 ...III I..nA I ro ri
... J
uo. running. i no sxevr uncui-
P il. nrnt. ..1
At a ate hour ast cvenmir. a Ecu'""
. . . . . ...tUmil
rived m town, unit infhrmM us that ne"
who liickilv nimtn his eseane from IWP"
mnssnrn- nf Fnnninir's liartv. and ini
nereii oiiicrs qiso escnneu, uii'i; :
himnsnn. I:nniur. llnwiLa. I .PI (tinulWl '
tit-ii. ijiii. i' nniiimr ivns wiiuiiurn . .
in i nv tin, nii.Tii.nna ni'ii iras i ic i--
.... . . . . . ... . .l. Irri
inrorinnnt heanl of him. We ej"
next to givS a more detailed account.
fire. There has been an extensi
. if
rianiiickct loss siuo.uuu: one .
HIH. rM V no. ItllI" rtlin UL
onnositH Allmnrln SQS.OOO: and
1 ... . I..OO r W W . W .'X' , ,
'.nnnoi. In fll.:n lrt.n Dir. mill lliv
cK'i Imlin n TroV.ff"1""
contents, has also been destroyed by "
-.. 1...1 oi i... Tl,n Rcnatew
wuiiciitii wiHuiyi. ""-
....,!..., l. .- i ...!.l. iI.a ltoUS0
ULLiit:uL iiiiN i-iiiiiTii rriii ,viiii ,(.v - .
nresentntlvpa In flm rhnico of Jan ' .
as Scnntor in Congress, by a vote
oi
Tl!.. f ...ll n tlonnpl.
of Delaware. lieil at Newcastle on tM'
clnnf tti in, .lnllKa nf the "".
volvo on Chatles Polk. Esq. Spc
Senate. a
iri.. -KT ir r -! ..... ilmt Vf3''
Europe arrive loaded down wiin
.i.
n m utniiunieu uiui ni icusi mv
arrive ut New York this summer.

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