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Vermont phœnix. (Brattleboro, Vt.) 1834-1955, December 09, 1836, Image 2

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Tt. Asylum lor Ihc Insane,
Open.
THE Trustees of' the Vermont AsylniYi lor
tlio Insnne, would announce,-- that this
Institution is now ready for tlic reception oP
patients Tile building is fimshcil ! n manner
adapted to the clarification and convenience of
its inmates. Tlio two wings nro so constructed
ns to afford pleasnnf and commodious- rooms,
mid that the sexes -may bo entirely separated.
Rooms are prepared fbr the sick, removed from
nil annoyance, where the- immediate relatives
nnd friends of' the patients-can if they desire,
liestow their kind attentions nud sympathy.
Experienced' mitses and attendants nro procur
ed, and none will be retained except those who
arc kind' and' fhithlil to their trust. No harsh
treatment' will ever bo for n moment allowed.
Several rooms are prepared in the centre
buildiusi for those who require additional ac-
commouanonsoi nucnuanisnnu luxuries, wwcm
will bo furnished according to tlio destio 01
frif.nilA nnd tin; compensation to the institution..
For this cln-s of patients, superior accommoda
tions are oll'ered. They will be received into
the immediate family of the Physician, and not'
only ho under his constant care nnd.wateliful-
IIOSS, UUl parillKO 01 ail THie-eiiJujriiK.-iiui ui ouuiui
life. .
Arrangements arc also made Tor the reception
.and accommodation of persons, who though
not insann.-nieufllictetl with kekvous diseases,
requiring medical treatment. Pleasant nnd well
furnished rooms, and good board in the family
of the Physician, will bo ntli)rded;.niid lYom his
experience and study, he will be- enabled to
nilnpt a comic tif tteatnient mnru likely toTio
successful than that of ordinary physicians who
have not made such diseases their peculiur
eludy.
Due provision has been made for the exer
cise, amusement and employment of- the- pa
tients. Connected with the Asylum i a F.wim
of nearly fifty acresin which the patients will
lie employed in gardening and farming, in such
a degree as shall be conducive to their health.
Such employments are now admitted to be
among the most important and successful means
of restoration, and in this respect this institu
tion has a decided: ndvantage ovr any other itu
tins country. Mattle-tfoorsy chess,, uratigiiw
ami the like amusements will he allbrded. The
females will be employed in knitting,, needle
woik, painting-,. fc&c Carriages will be provid
ed for the daily riding of the patients in suita
ble weather, and they will also take their daily
walks with nurses and attendants. A small
and select Library, the Newspapers of the day
and several Periodicals, will be furnished for
the patients.
The situation of the Asylum is healthy and
iteliglitlul. It has llie appearance or a cneenui
country residence, und every resemblance to a
place of confinement has been can-fully avoided.
Immediately in front of the institution is pre
sented a landsrapo of a rich nnd cultivated
meadow, extending in the distance into pic
turesque und rumantic scenery, so well adapted
to arrest and remove the morbid funcies, wiiich
enslave the minds ol the insane The view is
also enlivened by the passing and! repassing of
earnages and travellers on two large tliorougn
t'tres, in front of the institution.. Though re
tired,, it is vet in the immediate-vicinitv of the
village',, and the-grounds about the establish
ment are tastelully lam out in beautilul walks
and ornamented with many rare and valuable
trees, shrubs, ami plants, all of which conspire
to make the ab-jde op iu inmates at once plea
sant and cheerful.
The whole will be under the chnrce of Wm.
H. Rockwell, M. D., who for the last seve
ral years,, has- been, connected with the well
known Itetreac for the- lnsaner at Hartford, Cl.
From llis experience under Dr, Toifd sml fits
success and devotedness to this branch of his
profession, the Trustees are confident m the
belief that all' that kmd'r assiduous and skilful'
treatment can contribute towards the restora
tion, reason willr with the blessing of God,,
be accomplished at this Asylum.
Terms of Admihsioir.
For convenient accommodations in thrwings
Three Dollars per week.
For those who require n room in the centre
building, from Five to Twelve Dollars per
week, uccording to tho accommodations re
quired. (In consideration of the assistance rendered
to the Institution.hy the State, and from n de
sire to extend its advantages- to all classes of
community, tho Trustees have determined to
receive indigent patients at an extremely low
rate less than they can fte- maintained pro
jerltj elsewhere.
Indigent patients, in this slate, whose disease
is not of more than thrc. months standinrr.
i'.., r i. M...i .i.-. - - -
a mi JU1.1.AHS i it; i witk, imviuuu mm n cer
tificate is lodged with one of the Trustees sign
ed by a majority of the Selectmen of the town
where the patient resides, statintr that thev nro
of, opiuioa that said patient or his or her pa
rents, or iiusimnu, ins tne caso may bo; noes
not possess property to tho amount of one hun
dred dollars. No patient however shall re
main iu tho institution upon the said terms over
six months, as that term will gencrnlly suffice
to determine whether tlio caso is probably cu-
rauie or not.
Boarders laboring under nervous disenso will
ho received at reasonable prices according to
accommodations required.
CP No patient will be received for a- less
term than three months, and payment for that
term will bo required in advance. If the pa
tient should recover before the expiration of
mm lerm, uie pay tor tne unexpired time will
be refunded. If tho patient remain longer than
three months, tho subsequent payments will
not bo required in advance, but only for the
time tho patient remains.
N. B. It should be borne in mind that in
the first three months of insanity the chances
of recovery by proper treatment, are vastly
greater than at any subsequent period. Insane
persons should therefore on the first appear
anee of the disease, be placed under curablo
treatment.
Application for tho admission of patients mnv
bo mado by letter or otherwise, to Dr. Wm. if.
Rockwell, or either of the Trustees.
SAMUEL CLARK, )
JOHN HOLIJROOK, f n, ,
EPAPHRO. SEYMOUR, ( 1 rustees
JOHN C. HOLIJROOK, 1
Brattleboro, Dec. 5, 1830.
CK3- Publishers of newspapers in this nml the
adjoining states, will nld the cause of humanity
by giving the above one or nioro insertions in
their papers.
From tho Nrw Ymk Juuriml of Ooiiuimrco.
NEW-YORK CATTLE MARKET, Dee. 3.
At market 1300 Beef Cattle, 25 Milch Cows,
and 4500 Sheep and Lnmhs.
Tlw quality of tho Beef was fair and tho
supply was large, -vhich caused a reduction in
pin e of about 50 cents tho Ibj 000 were taken
nl fr.'?,m, 9' ?Jeru,g, I"!00 7 tl'o 100 lb.
Milch Cows 20 sold at from 25 to .15
Sheep & Lanibs-ZPhu supply being, large, a
further reduction of about 25 cents a head
wai submitted to; 3500 were taken at from 1 76
to $-1 60 for Sheep, and 1 25 to $2 75 for
liunlbs.
T)ressed Hogs have come in more plenty
-ices are about 1 the cwt. less, sales at
-2to9 l-2c, ' ,VB 1
Ijjwvn ol! Tcrihonl.
A'n net, nllering llie' lernt of tho Supreme,'
Court. iji thu county ol Chittenden,
It is hereby enacted by the General As
sembly of the Stale of Vermont, Thnt. in fu
ture the supremo court of said statu ahnll he
holden ut Burlington, within nnd for thu
county of Chittenden, on thu Thursday ho.u
preceding tho first Tuesday iu Jniiuuiy in
each year. And nil complaints, informa
tions, "indictments, notions nnd suits, bills-,
petitions, und every other matter, or thing, in
inw or in equity, now pending, in, anil ull
writs nnd wnrmutS) nppcnls, cognisances,
nnd every other, mutteri on thing, returnable
to, or hurealter nmtlu rettirunblo to the stud
court in tho county aforesaid, shall be ente
red, heard nnd. determined, nl the lime in
this act named for the said court to hold its-
session in said county. And ull persons
nnd. parties, required by law to appear, bo
fore said court in said county, shall appear
und Have day in suid court at the next term
thereof, holden in said county, ncootdingto
tho provisions of this act.
Provided, Thnt this net. shall toko o fleet
from and after the passage of the snmo.
Approved, Nov. M, 183G.
An act, in addition to an net dividing thu
State into Judicial Districts, passed Octo
. her 20th, 18153. .
Si'.c. I. is hereby enacted by the Gen
eral Assembly if the IStale oj Vermont,
Thnt the county bf Urn ml Isle shall hereaf
ter be annexed to thu third judicial circuit,
nml tho county of Lamoille shall bo annex
ed to the fifth judicial circuit.
Sue. 2. is hereby further enacted,
That this act shall take effect immediately
on the passage thereof.
Approved, Nov. 10, I-83G;
An net, in addition to un net entitled "an act
constituting the' Supreme Court of judi
cature nud county courts-, defining their
power and regulating judicial proceed
ings." It is hereby funded' by' the General As
sembly of the Stale of Vermont, That the
judges of the supreme court shall not hero-
niter be required to- account to thu Treasu
rer of the Mute for tho fees paid to them re
spectively by rlio several clerk of counties
lor Hie benefit ol' snul judges, agreeably to
the act to which this is in addition, pased
November eighteenth, one thousand eight
hundred and twenty-four, and the net entir
tied "an net establishing permanent salaries
for thu judges of the supreme court of this
state," passed October thirty-first, one thou
sand eight hundred and four.
Piovidcd, however, That if the feus of'
cither of said judges shall ut any time ex
cited the sum of one hundred and lwcnty-
fivu dollars per annum, such judges shall
account' to the Treasurer for. such execs.
Approved,. Nov. Ii7, 183G.
An act, mad'diriun to an-not entitled "an act
to empower the Judges of the Supreme
N Court to grant bills o divorce, and tu-repeal
parts of certain acts therein mention
ed," passed Nov. 7, 1835.
is hereby enacted by the General As
sembly of the Stale of Vermont, That in
all petitions now pending, or that may bo
hereafter pending, iu the supreme couit for
biljs of divorce, the conviction of the peti
tioner of any crime-, and sentence thereon to
three years imprisonment, nnd uctual com
mitment thereon tu the stale prison, shall bo
taken, nud deemed to be n wilful desertion
for three years, within, tho true intent and
men u i tig of said net any law or custom to
the contrary notwithstanding.
Approved, Nov, 10, l.tf3ti
An act, concerning County Court Writs.
is hereby enacted by the General Af
sembly of the Slate of Vermont, That jus
tices of tho pence shall have the same pow-
i-i iu- siyii un uii'-nmi writs, reiuruuoic to
the count? court of their respective conn
tics, that the clerks of the several county
courts uo-.v imve, which writs may run into
nny county or place within this state, nnd be
there executed by any olhcer to whom dt
reeled. Approved, Nov. 3, 183(5.
An net, repealing part of "an act allowing
vnuuiacca iu IllllUJUll'l UCllOUS Ul.llieilOWIl
names."
is hereby enacted bi the General As
sembly of the Stale of Vermont. That the
proviso to the first section of nn act, enti
tled "un act allowing endorsees to maintain
uclions in their own names;" also an. act
M...1 i... .. :.. 1 .- ' , 1 . .
umuiL-u un net in explanation 01 nno in au
dition to, an net therein mentioned," passed
Nov. tlio first, in the year 0110 thousand
eight hundred und thirty-two, be, and tho
same are nereliy repealed.
Provided, That nothing in this net shall
impair any risrht which hns accrued under
tne actio which this is nn amendment.
Approved, Nov. 17, 1830.
An act, to repeal part of an act relating to
legal settlement.
It is hereby enacted by the General As
sembly of the State of Vermont, That the
twentieth section of un net entitled nn "act
defining what shall bo deemed nnd mlindir.
ed a legal settlement, and for tho support o(
the poor: for designating thu duties nnd
powers of thu overseers of the poor, and for
tho punishment of idle nnd disorderly per-
sons," pn6sed Murch third, in tho year ono
thousand seven hundred nml ninety-seven,
excepting tho last proviso to said section, he,
nnd tho same is, hereby repealed.
Provided, That this act, shall not effect
tiny suit already commenced, hut tlm Nil tmt
shall bo henrd and firmllv iotu rmineil in llm
sanio innnnor ns though this net lind not
ueun passed. Approved, Nov, 17, 18,'lfJ,
Cincinnati. Ono the princitidl firiif-icnTTf
ii.iMi; uuie, - porif. which in 11 n utiitu.r
1 1. ...i!i .1
season, It is said, may bo even pillt-il up, wo
may say corded up, as lumber at wood in
with us., Ttiu nuinlor ol MfinlIuil
here, uro sometimes not lew ltnn ti0,0W
in n your, and tlio cnpjuil mtihwi'ii hi liw
business is risiutr orfc2.0MH.flflH. VJu w,,..
told thut at Mr. Colemflo's- fMiibUUuwnt
alone, which wo bclluvu is llm UfUHt, up
wards nf KHWHKi 1 t.. i.ii...i r.. .. . '
- .vvpvvy uvfn iMum i- u sea
son,
V13IIMOJVT P H IE IV IX.
I) H A T T L P. I) O It 0, V-r.
Fnt day MoiiNiN'o, December 9, 183G.
Presidential Election. Wo had hoped,
by this lime, to bo nblo to give the ofiicml
result of the Presidential' t-lection in ull tile
States, Uutiiuis yutt "in tlio fog,'.' ns Webb
savs.. It is impossible to lull how the six
Western, nnd South Western Stales have
voted. Rumour, however says that Missis
sippi, Louisiana, nud Arkunsiiws.lmvo gone
for White. Alabama ami Missouri, fan Van
LJuren and Illinois for Harrison..
Allowing llie nbove reports lo bu tMie,.lhe
final result will bens follows.allowing South
Carolina. to go for White.
For. Van Buren, 1.V2
Against him,. Ml
Majority for Van Buren l.l'
There is doubtless no. choice of Vice
President by tllu people. Tlio vote will
prolitilily stund'ns follows-:
Van 13ureri. Whig.
For Johnson, M l For Granger, 77
Tvler. -17
t . ' Smith, S3
1 17
The choice will of coursa be mnde by the
Senate ftotn the two highest candidates. In
which case, although wo should rejoice iu
the election of Mr. Granger, we are inclined
to -think Johnson will be the V. President.
Vt. Asylum for the Imanr. It will be
seen by a notice in tliis p.iper, thnt this insti
tution is now ready for the reception of pa
tients. We invite the attention of all our
waders to the article on the subject, by Dr.
Rockwell, the Superintendant, which we
also publish this week. It is desirable that
information on. this subject should be gene
rally disseminated, Insanity has nl present
a large class of victims, and so sudden. ate
its ultaiks thnt none can tell how long him
self or his friends' will escape. We. trust
the papers generally throughout this state,,
will copy the articles which appear this
week, especially as the instiiuliuu is estab
lished iu part by the bounty oCihu slate.
Thai. The news from Texas is both in
ten-siing nnd important. The Te.nn Con
gross is now in session, in which n proposi
tion lias- been mnde to appoint Commission
Kiisto treat with the Governwent of the U.
Stares, for the admission of Texas into the
Union. The proposition hns for its has
" Toleration of Slavery. " A guaranty not
lo settle Indinns itnthe Territory." "The
State to be received on nn equal footing with
the original States." "Thu new, Stole lo
cede her unoccupied' hinds to-thu- General
Government." A discussion upon-ihe liber
ation of Gen. Santa Anna had' taken placu
in Congress, but it was resolved, by ti large
majority, to retain him prisoner for some
time to come. Congress have been discus
sing among other Lsills, one "granting
bounties of lands to volunteers;" nndnnother
to charter a "Bank of Commerwand agri
culture." We copy the following- remarks
on the Inaugural AddressurPresident llous
ton from the New York Express.
Gen. IlmistoiJs Address. -We spread bo
fore our readers in detail n document now of
the hiuhest importance, made so by the vast
annexion of 'territory that tho Union of
Texas promises us but doubly so. by tho
mighty discussion with which thu Union,, if
effected nt all, must be bruuiht about;
discussion which wu foresee is to be but a
renewal of the Missouri question, and one
which will shuUe the Republic fioin the Sa
bine to the Passamnquoddy. The Address
of the Texian General is that of a soldier,
rough and rude, and it smacks of the camp ;
but eloquent at times, nevertheless. Indeed
the glory of this grent achievement of Amer
ican valor iu " a spot of earth," as he well
says, " almost unkuown to the geography of
the nge," dazzles us nt times r and it will
require the calmest judgment of our rulers,
in Washington, to-net as Justice nnd Honor,
as wen as sympathy may dictate.
"CiiEMisTuv roil BKot.VNr.iis." Wo
have received from the publishers a copy of
the new edition of this work which has just
issued from the press. Ever since we be
enmo acquainted with this work, wo have
considered it the best text book extant fot the
younger students in Chemistryrin our Schools
and Academies. Wo observo among other
improvements in this edition, several very
nent engravings, in addition to mauy con
lained in tho former editions, illustrating dif
ferent parts of the work, executed by our
townsman, Mr J. Hills. Wo happen to
know llmt Mrs Phelps has in press n huger
and pioie oliiboruto work on the sumo sub
ject, intended for High Schools and Acnde-
mic.i. 1 ho following notice of the above
mentioned work nod its Author, wo copy
from thu Albany Daily Advertiser.
Chemistry. Mrn A. II. L l HIM.liu flu.
flitter of fin, inlcnted Mrs Wii.i.aiiii of Troy,
has written l..nt .... ..1 : 1. i
V """ "ii miwiiiaiiy, lICBIgni'U
mr common suhoold nml the younger pupils
v Afn",,"lkt which is publishnr iu Nuw
Vork. Tlnw two Indies huvy tlonu more
thiiti miy two Ijvjng women to developo the
nlellcrt of their sex, and tho benefits of their
Mlor will ho felt by tho American people,
I6nf after they themselves shall Iinvepae6ed
from the stage of their usefulness.
The N. York Express or Saturday savs.
the supply of wheat and ryo from Europp
una uireuuy oecn seven hundred and fifty
thousand bushels I
' Thr Money Market. It seem.n- that tho
elements of trndo in tlio City oft'Ncw York
nre in greut commotioni Two of tho city
Journals, viz: Tho New Yorker nnd the
Kvnress. Imve been very cfl'eclually, showing
lit! t tlf Shelocks of Wull-streeti Some of
tho Hanks roar like tho Bulls of Bhshati,
but just so much thu tnoro the Editors will
not hold their peace. "Cornering" seems
to ho tho order of ihc day of the modus
operandi indicated by the ubovo cubnlislic
phrase, our rcodcrs shall bo mndo acquaint
ed when wo have rootm
Fire in Quebec Wc lenrn from tlic Que
bec Meicury that' on- the evening or Nov.
2ilh,that a fire broke out in that city which
before it could be checked, destroyed fifty-
four dwelling houses, besides other build
ings, creating much distress.
We observe with regret that some or the
ablest members of the U. States Semite have
H-signod, or declined n re-election. Mr.
Clayton of Dchuvurc. Mr. Leigh or Virginia,
Mr. Mniigum or N. Carolina, Mr. Porter or
Louisiana, nnd Mr. Clay or Kentucky wu
nre rtot without hopes however thut the Inst
nnmed gentlemen may consent to be n can
didate fiir re-clcclioi)( It is not nt. nil sur
prising' thnt such men should retire in dis
gust from the councils or tho nation, when
they see the people willing to elevate to the
chier executive magistracy a man whose
gratest merit has been the most abject sub
serviency to a weak nnd tyrannical old man,
that he might make available to himself his-
itnmense but strangely acquired populnnty.
lint "honest Ingo" has succeeded, nnd the
1th of noxt March will see the "Utile man of
bread und butter, dressed in broadcloth," nsj
he has been called by a cotcmporary, scaled i
in the chair or Washington
llypcrion." Com.
a "Satyr to
From llie Ymnoiiir Telegraph.
Distressing Intelligena. Extract of a let
ter, dated
"SiiAiTsnimY, Nov. 21, 1830.
"A solinenlynfilictinff event occurred here
Inst Tuesdnv mornini'.. which has astonished
and filled w ith grief this- whole community.
Deacon George (Jalusha, 111 u suite of ill
heulth nnd inmitnli uertuiceinenU desl roved
himselfby hiwiinnir. nischnractcrhns long
been thnt' of an honest, iteacinble, quiet man
faithful, liberal nud consistent. Perhaps
few men had the esteem nnd confidence or
nil who knew them in nn equal degree."
ClrAK-EKS-TO- CoiMiiv.it OrricK, )
Nov. 20, half past I, P. M.
I.ATK I'll O.II FLOKIDA.
Defeat of the Scminolci Indian.
Wu had two arrivals from Jacksonville,
(E. F.) last evening, and leatn from passen
gers, the Dratifyinir intellitreuce that, an ux-
piess, which reached Chirey's Fei
eny on
Monday last, (haviue left thu nrmv the pre -
ceding morning, nt Wnhoo swamp) reported
.1.... I . .11 . A I , .
iiiiuiwo names nnu in Ken place oeiween tne
Tennessee und Florida volunteers nud the
Indians, in both of tchieh the farmer were
victorious. The first engagement touk place
oa the LSth i 11st. in which twenty Indians
were killed,, while tho loss of the whites
was five killed und several wounded. The
last fight occurred on Saturday afternoon
last; the loss on either side not ascertained
The regulars and friendly Indians w ere nut
engaged in cither battle, having taken, u.
nother route.
From- on old negro, who. was taken pris
oner, it was.nsccrluincd that not more than
linir the Indians were engaged, the other
portion having taken another course and
that they were short or powder :ind dispos
ed 10. yieiu,. nut icareu to muKu the proper
auvances,
h gives us much pleasure thus to an
nounce that n decisive victory has been oh
lained over these hitherto indomitable sava
ges, nnd wc hope the advantage obtained
mny only be the precursor or an entire sub-
jugation or the horde, and that speedily.
iVcip Hampshire Legislature. Extract of
a letter dated Concord. Dec. 2. Thecnnsii.
tutionni question touching the right of tho
State to receive the surplus, which, was rais
ed by tho Portsmouth wiseacres, you will
perceive, uus uccn settled pretty decisively
nays 0, yeas 1911 three of tho lull's hnfuo-
from Portsmouth. The monev w-UI bu m.
ccived. nnd it is admitted by nil, divided
among uie towns, t ne Uovernor's reconi
mendation to loan a portion of it to rail road
corporations finds but little fnvor. Inquirer.
NEW YOKK MARKET, Dec. X
Ftoun Tho week
the slightest change whatever:. Tlic North
luvor has now closed, nnd consenm-ntli- nn
more supplies can ho received mil..., ii
should open again. Tho stock or Western
here islnrge, some say ovur it hundred nnd
fifty thousand bbls, nono however of e.nn.
sequence will be received from the South :
,r ln.,.n..... .1 .1 .1 . .'
i, iiunvtvi, more is tins stocif on hand, it
will be nmple for the demand until thu canal
again opens, Sales of Western common
ut 10 fancy 10 25--Ohio 0 87 n inl?vn
Flour 7 50. A good deal of sour is selling
at 0 AO for New Orlenns. Co
Chain 1 ho grent supply of wheat and
rye from Europe is drawing to ti close.
Our receipts from there hnvu 1 nnn n limit
seven hundred und fifty thousand bushels;
railiermoro wheat than rye. This enor
mous quantity is unparalleled in thu history
of tho country. Tho stock is now nil but
exhausted, therp bpjpg ji0 rye and only u
bout fiOOO bushels nr
the latter Imvo been ijs week at 20!i n 212
cis, and ryo nt J27 J.2 cts. There hns been
some northern-rye sold this week nt 130
cis. : which is an advance or 5 cents. Very
little, corn here, considerable sales or north
ern yellow ut 103 a 100 cts, and Mtiryluud
u 89 a I) cas(
Vermont Asylum for the Insane.
It will he seen by the notico ofithu Trus
Ircs or the Vermont Asylum for the lusune,
that tho institution inow roudy for the re
ception of patients. Tho plensunt location
of the establishment, the convenient arrange
ment or the building, and thu means which
nro provided fon the comfort1 nndl restoration
of its inmntis, seem to warrant tho assurance
thnt! with tho favor of God,, it will be the
means- or dispensing llie blessing or health
nnd reason to those who tnnyrcqnire its aid.
Of all, thc-nfilictions toiwhich our nature
is liable, that of. insanity claims n sad pre
eminence in the catalogue of htitnan suffer
ings. No nge. or sex, or grade of intellect,
is exempt from its nttnek. Minds, tho most
cxulted'nntl refined, nnd allied to the warm
est and holiest affections, nre most exposed
to its destructive influence. Thu innn of
genius experiences some disappointment or
mortification, or the fond and confiding heart
stiflers some great domestic afiliction, und
the citadel of reason is attacked, and a brill
iant nnd cultivated mind is laid in ruins.
By this afiliction, man is deprived of that
faculty which indicates our divine origin,
and frequently hns little left but the human
form to distinguish him from the brutes that
perish Under its influence, the very foun
dation or intellect is undermined and sub
verted, and tho moral qualities nnd noblo nf
feciion uro. perverted or destroyed., Every
generous passion and every noble sentiment
nre liable to be obliterated or supplanted by
the basest propensities of our iialtire. Lib
frequently disregards the claims of kindred
and friendship, violates the most sacred obli
gations, and not tinfrcqucntly cherishes the
strongest aversion towards those he most
loved. Fomerly the delight, the ornament,,
and the benefactor of society, he has now be
come estranged from its dclights.aiid disturbs
its-order, nnd peaco. Frequently he is tho
victim of the wildest nud must extravagant
illusions, fancying himself nn inorgnnized
mass, a vegelable, a biute, a man or a deity ;
and sometimes which is more dangerous,
he delights iu the destruction or lives und
property. Of htm it may now be literally said,
that "destruction and misery ate in his path."
It is now L'uiicrallv conceded, thnt it is
imnossible lo iimnitcc the insane with much
success-in private families. Neither children
nnd domestics, nor friends nnd neighbors, can .
exert that influence and control over heads1
ol families which obtains among strangers j
nud iu nn nsvlum for the insane. If the na-,
! lient be n head of a family nnd is restrained
his own house, his mind will be constant-
irtiiaicu, anu his disease aggravated oy
l.l. . - -IT 1
uie reconeaiion ol his lortner prerogatives,
and hu will brook with an ill grace nny au
thority from those he hns been accustomed
to command. If the patient be u child, every
opposition to his wild desires, he considers
as open hostility lo his wishes, and can re
ceive 110 benefit from thosti he considers-as
hfs persecuting enemies. In private rami
lies also, not to mention tho interrupted peace,
the multiplied cares, and even wretchedness
or those among whom is a victim or insanity,
the patient will need that medical skill which
is rarely possessed by those who are occu
pied in the cure of othor dissnses, and will
sufler for want of thut moral manngenieut
which cuii be pursued only with experienced,
, iiitvlligeuU. humane and faithful nurses and
j attendants, who are qualified for their task. I
I I '
nnd whose services are almost indispensable
in the curative treatment or insanity. In pti-
vate families the innuiac often becomes so tin -
manageable, that he is confined in some cell
and doomed to wear those ehains which
should be-worn only by the guilty, and then
he generally sinks into a stale of uYsponden-
cyand confiimed insanity, ir hiscase is not
entirely hopeless, he wilfretain miml enoiiL'h
to perceive, at iuiervals, that he is nn outcast
from society, nnd beino conscious or his in
nocence, he w ill consider his treatment as
cruel und utiiusi. Ofieu his nersonal liberie
is taken from him by his nearest relative or
uenres: irienu. tic now luinKs thatnll man
kind have conspired acainst him: and fan
eying himself the object of wanton persecu
tion and cruel treachery, he abandons him-
sen to all tho wildness and extravagance of
muniacai ut ry, or sinus deplorably miserable
into the lowest df pthsof despondency. This
state of things is sooner or later succeeded
by a state of idiotisui, and the most abject
degredatioii. Little but the human form is
now left him, nnd " like tho ruins of n once
mngniliceut edifice, 11 only serves lo remind
us 01 us lormor dignity and grandeur. '
Wo will suppose thnt the poor maniac is
m-iiuiT vioit-iu nor mischievous, but merely
cherishing the phnnloms of his own distem
pered imagination. Ho now goes from
house to house, and wanders from place lo
limn;, irequeiiuy wiiuoui rood ana without
decent apparel, exposing himself to the scoffs
and sneers of the thoughtless and imfeM hi it
and ulternnlcly the object of merriment and
dread, and retaining his former sensibility,
which is perhaps rendered more acute by lib
disease and tho insults and indignities which
no receives, ho will either break out imn
mantucni lury, or withdraw from society and
hrnnil ctlnn .1.-.!. ....... I . .
,,, oi.nvii uuaiiiiiity ovur nis landed
persecutions, or perhaps ternitnnlo his hf.. !-
suicide.'
The number of tlio insane, the miserv cv.
perieuced both by the patients nnd iheir
friends, und llie honelcssness-of their nvn.
ery wnue iney remum at homo nud nmonir
tlio causes of their insanity, can ha r.niu-nii-iwl
11 . i . . .
or only by those whu haw bestowed pqrtic-
mar intention 10 me subject. Uur minds
might shrink from the contemplation of tins
dreadful ilUorder, which is so calculated
to humble the pride ns well us uenson of nmn,
were it not lor thosu cheering emotions
which are produced by learning what has
been accomplished for these unfortunate suf
ferers in institutions provided for their relief.
?tT.,1?.uS. nR us in 1 789 tho celebrated Dr!
Willis, m his evidence beforo the parliament
or Great Britain, stated tlmt of thoo placed
under Ins care within threo months from
their attack, nine cases out often recovered,
I he snmo fluttering result, has been, obtained
in those great French hospitals.-over which
1 inel nud Lsqnirol have so ably presided.
Dr. Uurrows of England, in un extensive
practice, bus hud still greater success. Nor
need wo look to foreign co-lpirics -for oxam
pies. In several institutions in our flwn
country, siiuilur success 1ms ulso obtained, i
MM.-.,. ; nr... :.'..
i,ih.iu.o uui; 1. ibiiiiisianco Of whirl 1
public nro not sufhciently nwnre in ' !"'
these institutions, nnd thnt is, tho n
of-plncinc tho patient in an Asylum?,'
ns posssiblcnfterhchasbccoine insan
has been uohireobsi-rvcd.ninetemhiil'
when the palionfis placed at one of tU er
stitutions wilhin three months frn,n,i""
tack ; but when the disorder has
a chronic suite, only about one W11
restored. While the n.Miont ,cm"J,l'
home, not unrrequenlly nil tl0 couiajj
produced his- disorder continue to onl, .
and ncglcctor improper treatment aKe
his disease, confirms his halluctnntion 1
precipitates him into that hopeless state if
which no power otrW than dirinc can ,
cue him from his deplorable condition
the maniacs which now rcs.de a,m
had derived the ndvunlttgesorn well re t
a larce nronortmn r . "
might now be useftil members of societr
In their present condition, they are tiotolT
lost to themselves and the community l
are sources of urecthedtu-ss and misc'rrt
both. We coil account for the neglectn'
this subject has received only on the rrinn '
pie that we become callous to the m'Z,
we nre accustomed to witness Uetnles.
all other, cases, it is natural for man to,v
n-lieffrom his sufil-rinas, and excite id.
mm J- 111 iii-iyiiuwiiu-ii. liVJ
nnlibi. nil Alti.ra -ftlllltKr ll,nVr
..-.1... i- r.11 i ..
assistance he so much needs, niio'Wnfot
possible, would bur against himself llk-i
of charily which nre opened for hisrclit-f.
The increase or insanity union" u? k
quires the aitl of such institutions Ow,
the greatest evils of civilization anrlrtEt
1
ment, is the introduction of insanity. ptI.
hups there is no country in which itprerafo
Preraili
to so great 1111 extent as in these Uwi
States. Among the greatest moral cauni,
ure disappointed hopes and monificd pnfe
In this country where ull llie offices of rot-
tiiiiuviii uiv uj.uii iu vwiy irrrman, itf
w here the facilities for accumulating wail
are so numerous, persons even in hnn.1
life cherish hopes w hich can never be mli
zed. Expectations high raised arethecn.
at precursors of.dis.ippointtninl,aiidtheirt
tified pride thereby occasioned not lufrt-
quuntlv precedes insanity
With thiaviow of lliu subject, ii cannot lift
be cheering to tho mind of every pbilanttro.
pist that there is nn Asylum for the Inane
established among us. This in.Mittmos s
established on the most humane and lihni
j principles, nnd w hulevcringenuilycaniatm.
or ocuevolence bestow for, the rcmondofu.
sanity, will lierebepieseiiti-dtothoscrtOT.
:.. :.i n 1.:, ..i .1. . . 1
intr its aid.
1 ins ji iwiii uiuu Kteutu
our usual conceptions of a mad Iioum. it
not merely it place of security, where uW
fortunute sufferers are only confined, let
here they enjoy the society" of others, tsi
pattnke ui their amusements and mm-
uients. Nor is it merely a hospital in itkitl
they may obtain the skilful apphtaiicaci
medicine, for there are many cases wktrttlt
hallucinations may be removed by the tk3
ful adaptation of moral treatment. Not tat
n place for moral management merely, let
there are ensos where uiedicLie sloiitrn
remove the disease on ubiob tie insttj
depends. There aw mane cases whirls
quire tlic co-operation or both medical i-.l
moral treatment.
No exertions have been spared on ttepK
r the Trustees to provide the institution ri
every facility necessary for its successfil
1 operation. The pleasant and heaBv loo-
tiouofthe Asylum, lhe convenient arncj-
ment of the building, and the Jccoml
grounds about thu esiablisbrm-nt, tecceii
admirably adapted for its object Hep
vision for the employment and atuusttiftt
of the patients is not inferior to any ct!w
similar institution in the country Tbttei
r - n... i..j ...i.r.l, iImmiii
a iiiiiii ui c.CL'iieiii uiiiu, un iiimu wi--
beautiful flower garden, elegantly larff
und oriiamenled with many rare plants,(
will furnish a pleasant recreation and et-ci-e
for those who have a tasie for that W
of employment. To cultivate theculim
garden and farm, while it invigorates til
body and produces healthy action "
system, will tend also to divert lhe mindta
remove those hulluniciations which com
tute the disorder. The females will be
nished with thatemploymcnt which WW
led to. their sex, the slate of the patients, j
their former habits. Carriages areproiw
for the regular tiding of the patients
the weather will permit, and the nursesifi
ntteudauts will accompany thcin m iW
daily wulls ubout the premises. When U
weather will not admit of out door ciern.
it w ill be furnished within, together
suitable amusements, such as lattWiW
throwing tho ring, chess, draughts, andi"
like. A library, selected for thcpu'K''
provided, und the several patients
furnished with such books as are adapted
their individual cases. Tbev will W
access to new
cwspnpers and seretal JSPSw?!
which are received ot thfAsyh-ny Tim
uue iwiportant consideration iw;
nrri'inpiit nf Aavlnms for the Insane, '!- 1
proper nurses and attendants should beJ
viileil fnr wiilinnl I linir ns.sistailCC. a"
ovnrlinnn u-!ll In n n-i-.vil inrnsure proW
nvailinir. We nielinppv to state thai j'
nre procured who haveformerlv 'l5, 4
Plivsicinii in this nrdiioiisemployint'ii'i'J
uro known tQ bo cxpericijccdi11,1"?: ,,4
mano and faithful. 'o thir.k the WtaJ
tho patients mny rest assured ,'ial?l'f'",.,j
fort will be mnde to remove the disorder,'
in all cases, every inmate will be treotva"
nil. that 1-indncss.nnd hutnaniiy. '
lowed every lndulgenco of whicn
will admit. Neithvr. plmins nor i!ic??W
will over bo admitted, and every tiWr
who shall offer nny violence in FZ
nnco of his duly, will bu immcdinielvo'- ,
There is nlsp n vigilant ' '
.... ...1 .1 : i.li ihc Ah""
I'rustees whose dut
r. .l r ri-V. ..ociiinlir,r
;i iiuaL- uiiLV 1 w ----
iieqiieiiiiy uiiu i;egiin,uiy,iu aiiyp"--;-
ments nnd correct abuses if any exist-
Mii-sirlims nml Rilllnrs of
and indeed overy pofson capable of cJf j'
nn influence on public sentiment in "t-
this suhiecl is culled upon to advocate -
object of benevolence nnd humanity."" j
necia v ono in which tho weimru,'"
numbers of the community nro invoUf
WILLIAM II. ROCKWJ;
Physician o tho Vermont A J
lum for tho

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