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Vermont phœnix. (Brattleboro, Vt.) 1834-1955, December 30, 1836, Image 2

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COlVftHESS.
Monday, Dec. 10.
Sknate. iVir Clny, by leavo introduced
n bill to appropriate for a limited time this
proceeds of thu public lauds, nod granting
land to certain Slates. Ho explained the
difference- bciwea this, nnd the former bills
introduced by him for tho 6amo object. It
- In t.nrril. if i ill ttl( llltt nf thn nTM-
propuato iu ui-iii - i -
ent year, and to end with the year 1841,
when the biennial reduction of duties under
tho compromise act will cease. On motion
nf Mr Calhoun, so much of tho President's
Message ns relates to tho reduction of tho
Tcvenuo was referred to the committee of
Finance. A committee was appointed to
consider and report what measures should
bo adopted to repair tho loss occasioned by
the destruction of ths Putent Office. Mr
Ewing's motion for recinding the Treasury
order was taken up, and Mr Benton addres
sed the Senate in defence of tho order until
4 o'clock, when tho Senate adjourned.
In the House of Representatives, leave
was granted to the committee on the burning
of tho Post Office to sit during the session
of tho House. The question of reference
of thu petition Ironi Uosion tor a reduction
of the coal duty was resumed. After some
"discussion the motion to refer to the commit
leoof Manufactures was negatived, yeas 88,
nays 124, and it was referred to the Com
inittco of Ways and Means. The rest of
tho day was occupied in the reception and
reference of resolutions and petitions.
Tuesday, Dec. 20.
Senate. After the presentation of n
number of privute petitions
Mr Webster offered the following Reso
lutions, aud called for their consideration at
this time.
Resolved, That the Secretary of tho
Treasury communicate to the Senate the lat
est statement made at or for tho Treasury, of
the coudition of the Deposite Banks, exhib
iting among other particulars, tho names
and places of all Deposite Banks, appointed
ainco the 23d of June last their capitals,
nnd the amounts of public monies actually
transferred, or ordered to bo transferred, to
those Banks respectively.
Resolved, That tho Secretary of the
Treasury communicate to the Senate a de
tailed statement of all transfers of public
monies, ordered since thu 23d of Juno last,
for the purpose of executing tho Act of that
date, for regulating the De poshes of tho
Public Money, showing the dates nnd a
mounts of such tiansfcrs from what place
to what place from what Bank to what
Hank and tho tunes advised tor sucli trans
fers, respectively. Also, a particular state
ment of all transfers other than such as were
made in execution of tho aforesaid act
The Senate having agreed to the present
consideration of the resolutions,
Mr' Webster expressed u-deoira to make a
I , r . .2. 1.1 . . I
single remaric. tic siaieumai in iuo course
of the speech made by Mr Benton yester
day, on tho subject of tho Treasury order
of the 12th of July last, that gentleman
read a staterneut which he had obtained from
the Treasury Department, from which it ap
peared that there wcro Banks which had
very considerably increased their discounts,
and enlarged their operations, since the is
suing of that order. Mr W. said that to
iiim this fact was neither new nor surpris
ing: in fact, he believed it to be generally
understood that this was the case ; and the
only question which remained to be asked
was which are tho Banks whose situation
is so flourishing as to enable them to thus
enlarge their discounts? Aro they the
State Bunks, nnd the Commercial Banks
all, or a majority of them? He believed
not. He was impressed with a belief that
these instances of enlargement of operations
were confined to the Dcposito Banks, which,
if ihn U'hnln nrn pmlirnnnrl. nnlv nrisint,vl n
proportion, in relation to the other Banks, of
1 Is r fr . . t inn . f . i
ituoui uu or u 10 iuuu, uno oi iuo prom
inent objects of this order seemed to bo to
place large sums of money in Banks situat
ed among communities which did not seek
or desire any pecuniary aid for commercial
operations, and to take those sums away
from Banks upon which the commercial in
terests of tho country made constant requisi
tions for assistance. He wished tho infor
mation which his resolutions asked for, to
enable him to understand how the matter is.
Ho, understood it to bo as ho had stated.
One effect of this order to transfer monies
from Banks where they could be advantage
ously used for the public good, to otheis
where not being required for tho purpose of
discounts, nnd lying on their hands charge
able with interest, it presented n strong
temptation to the holders to loan it on indi
vidual security, and for terms which might
disable them from reclaiming it when tho
exigencies of tho public might require.
He believed that the information could be
obtained from tho Treasury Department
without putting the Department to any seri
flus inconvenience or loss of time.
Tho resolutions was then agreed to.
Housu. Tho Chair presented a letter
from tho Secretary of the Treasury on the
eubject of steam boilers ; which was refer
red to the select committee on steamboat dis
asters, and ordered to be printed.
On motion of Mr Harper, of Pa., it was
resolved that a Select Committee bo appoint
ed to consider and report what measuresare
necessury to restore tho records, drawings,
models, &c, destroyed in tho Patent Office,
nnd for their preservation in future.
Election of Chaplain: Pursuant to the
order yesterday ndopled, the House proceed
ed to the election of a Chaplain, when on
the third ballot, the Rev Mr Oliver C. Com
stock, having 103 votes was duly olected.
Tho House then adj,
Wednesday, Dec. 21.
Senate. Several messages of an Exe
cutive character were received from the
President of the United States by Andiew
Jackson, Jr. his Secretary.
Mr Senator Dana, from Maine, appeared,
whs qualified, and took his seat.
Mr Benton flflprnrl n ...on!..,! l
ivquiuwuii, WHICH
was adopted, directing tho Secretary of the
. reou,ry t0 whxm tho Senato whnt amount
... ttvMu uu auver nas oeen received at eacl
iyjjujJiucesmcp the Treasury or
the Senate of the amount of receipts in cer
tificates civen byithe Treasurer of tho U.
Sta'tcs'for payments to him on nccount of
niiblic lands, iind tho amount nnd date ol
each certificate or receipt, and tho name of
tho payor.
The Senatoproceoded to the consideration
of tho Special Order, when Mr Webster ad
dressed tho Senate in opposition to the Treas
ury Uruer, and spolto until Unit past tour,
without concluding. The Senate then adj.
House. A message was received from
the President of tho United States, infla
tion to thu burning of the Post Office, and
recommending imnicdinte appropriations for
tho future accommodation ot tho same; ,
MR WISE'S RESOLUTION. h.
The Houso resumed the consideration of
tho resolution submitted by Mr Wise, and
the amendment offered by Mr Pcarco of
Rhode Island. Mr Lano being then entitled
to the floor, rose, nnd spoke at great length
in opposition to the original resolution and
in reply to tho remarks heretofore made by
the gentleman from Virginia, (Mr Wise)
and tho gentleman from Tennessee (Mr
Peyton.) Upon the conclusion of Mr L's
speech, Mr Howell, of Ohio, look tho floor,
and tho House then adj.
Thursday, Dec. 22.
Senate. Texas and (he United Slates.
A message was received from the Presi
dent of tho U. States on tho subject of the
State of Texas, and giving the information
obtained by the agent sent to that country
during tho Inst summer, aud the views of
tho Executive in reference to tho propriety
and prudenco of a recognition of Texas.
l he President after reciting luc proceed
ings of the two Houses, in which ho found
his own course of conduct in despatching
un agent to Texas, states that he has trans
mitted extracts from the reports of that agent
in order to give to Congress all possible
light on the subject.
tie stales that ho had taken the steps to
wards recognition, and that the proceedings
which he has instituted are entirely in con
sequence of tho resolutions of the two
Houses at the last session. The dispropor
tion between the physical force of Mexico
and that of Texas is quoted as one of the
reasons lor npprehending that the establish
ment of Texan independence will rot be
effected without a still further doubtful strug
gle. Under a new President, Mexico is
preparing a new armament to pour down
upon Texas, and our usual nrudencc and
the policy on which it is founded, prescribe
to us that we shall make no precipitate move
ment, but await the issue of this new at
tack.
Ho reminded tho two Houses that the
people of Texas had adopted a resolution to
apply to the United Slates for admission into
thu Union, as soon as the United States shall
have recognised her independence of Mex
iru'' Lki? circumstance is treated ns one
which involves the delicacy of our situation,
and renders it more especially incumbent on
us to act with tho greatest coolness, nrudencc
uuu ueiiucrauon. Alter a tun view ol all
I J..ISI w . ri r ,1 . . ..
tno circumstances tho President arrives at
the conclusion that prudence requires of us
to stand aloof for tho present, and wait to
see how the coming struggle will eventuate,
I he President, in conclusion, cxnresses his
entire willingness to coincide with the Sen
ate in any course which that body may
think most conformable to the true interests
of the country.
The message having been read, it was
ordered that the message and documents be
printed, and 1500 copies of each were order
ed to be printed.
Mr Wright, from tho committco on Fi
nance, to whom had been referred tho peti
tion of the Hardware Merchants, renortcd n
bill, in conformity with the prayer of the
pcimoners.
Mr Swift introduced a bill for tho moral
and religious improvement of the army of
tuu u. oiaies.
Tho Senate proceeded to the consideration
of thu Special Order, being tho resolution to
rescind tho Treasury Order. Mr Webster
resumed and concluded tbo argument ho
commenced yesterday against the legality
ns well us tho policy of the Treasury order.
Mr Benton then expressed a willingness to
refer tho resolution with instructions. Mr
Niles then spoko at somo length, in reply to
Mr Webster, and in defenco of the order,
After somo remarks from Mr Rives, the Sen
ate adjourned over to Mondny.
House. The House spent somo time, in
committee of tho whole, on the bill to estab
lish the U. S. Mint, and to reuulatetliG coin.
nge of the U. States.
Tho President's Message in relnt'nn in
Texas was read, referred to the committee
on Foreign Relations, nnd after debate 20.-
uuu LujJiea oi u oruerea to uo printed. Mr
Hoar of Massachusetts warmly eulogised
the principles of the message. Mr Wise
said, that if, undor pretence of moderation,
it intended to withhold our countenance
from a people who were struggling for lib
erty against oppression, ho was opposed to
its doctrines.
The Senate did not sit on Friday, it hav
ing ndjourned over to Monday. In tho
House, nothing of importanco transpired.
I he consideration of a resolution offered by
Mr Fry, of Pa., referring to tho committco
of Agnculturo tho expediency of abolish
ing the duty on bread-stuff's and grain, was
resumed. Tho motion of Mr Adams, to
amend tho same, by including suit, coal and
lJjon nd. tJo motion of Mr Williams, of
W. O. to include sugar, wore still pending,
Mr Ing, read a speech in support of the res
olution. He was for a reduction of tho
I anff, in order to prevent an accumulation
of surplus funds in the hands of the Depos
ite Banks, and for tho relief of the agricul
tural interest from unnecessary taxation.
He thought agriculturalists whom ho repre
sented, would gain much by giving up their
nominally protective duty, in order to get rid
of some ruinous burden. The further con
sideration of the question was interrupted
by Mr F, Whittlesey, upon whoso motion
the Hpuso proceeded to tho orders of the
day.
The remainder of tho day was spent in
tho consideration of private bills. Tim
TREASURY REPORT. ,
The annual report of the Secretary of the
Treasury is n much longer document than the
Presidents Message, occupying over eight
columns, in small type, of the Official Ga
zette at Washington. The National Intelli
gencer gives the following abstract of Its con
tents :
Receipts and Expenditures for 183G The
balance in tho Treasury on the 1st of Jan
uary last was 2G,749,803. Tho receipts
for 183G are estimated ot 847,69 1,808, iif
which tho rccrints from Customs tor
three first quarters have been $17,523,151,
and the receipts from Lands $20,048,029.
The expenditures for 183G aro ascertained
and cstimnted ot 831,435,032, of which the
.payments for the military service, (includ
ing fortifications,) during the thrco first
quarters, have amounted to 813,010,001.
Deducting the expenditures of tho year,
ascertained and probable, from the receipts,
tho balance which will be in tho Treasury
on tho 1st of January, 1837, is estimated at
843,005,069, and, deducting the ''unavail
able funds" of $1,080,000, leaving "the
available balonco" 84 1.925.6G9. (.This does
not include the balance to the credit of the
Post Office Department at the end of the
year, estimated at $513,920.
Rcvcnvt and Expenditures fr 1837.
The receipts ore estimated as follows; Cus
toms, 816,500,000 : Lands, 85,000.000;
Bank Stock and Miscellaneous, 82,500,000.
The expenditures (including 81.000,000 for
usual exercise of appropriations beyond es
timates) are estimated at 820,755,831.
Imports and Experts. The Imports dur
ing the year ending 30th September, I83G,
aro ascertained and estimated ot 8173,
540,000, showing an increase, compared
with the preceding year, of 823,644,258
The Exports during the same period arc as
certained nnd estimated at $121,789,000, of
which 8101,105,000 were domestic pro
ducts, nnd the residue foreign, exhibiting an
aggregate increase, compatcd with the pre
ceding year, of $35,423, and nn amount ex
ceeding the average of the last three years
by 85,829,150.
The Surplus Revenue. The recommen
dations of tho lost Annual Report are re
newed, and reductions suggested of duties
on raw materials or foreign origin used in
some of our important manufactures, and
next on nrticles of comfort and necessity for
tho people generally. A prohibition of the
sale of the nublic domain to nnv but actual
settlers is also mentioned as another mode of
curtailing the revenue.
The Public Monty. An account is given
of the measures odopted in pursuance of the
net of June 23d, I83G, to regulate the de
posites of the public money, and some re
commendations are made of prospective pro
visions on mo suujeci, sucn as authority to
discontinue as deposite banks, when no lon
ger necessary, those selected undor tho late
act, $c.
The Mint and the Currency. The coin
age of tho Mint, from the 1st of January to
tho 1st of November, 183G, has been, of
gold, 93,019,410, and of silver, $2,877,000,
i ho establishment of a gold coin of one
dollar is again urged upon Congress. The
quantity of gold coin now in tho country is
estimated at $15,000,000. The Secretary
of the Treasury calculates the whole specie
in the country in October, 1833, at thirty
millions oi uouars, ana tno wnoic specie
Tiow inthc country at seventy-three millions.
Various speculations on the subject occupy
a number of pages in this part of tho re
port. miscellaneous. The report concludes
with sovernl suggestions of a miscellaneous
character, among which the renewed recom
mendation of the adoption of mensuies for
regulating Steamboat Navigation must meet
with very general approbation from all those
who have as much horror as we have of
those appalling catastrophes which class
themselves under the head of "Steumbout
Uisastersl"
Splicing Ncuspapcrs. Wc have -st-a-s
reason given by a poor fellow for marrying.
It was that the winter was coming on, and
he had but a single blanket, his Dolly also
hail but one, nnd they proposed to put the
two together, and round both of them.
The printers in this Stato are finding this
policy necessury these hard times. The
Wiscosset and Bath papers have united ;
the Brunswick Regulator has stopped; the
China Orb hns struck into a new comet at
Belfast; the Working Men's Advocate has
joined the Bangorenn, and both together
jiuvu uimeu wiiniue meenanic and t anner;
tho old Ilollowell Advocate, after swallow
ing up first the Working Men's Advocate
at Augusta, has then the Free Press at Hal-
lowed, has finally been merged in tho Ken
nebec Journal; the Christian Pilot nnd
Gospel Banner huvo united ; and now the
Bangor Whig tells us that tho People's
t'ress and tho Commercing Advertiser at
Bangor (Van Buron popcrs)aro to be united.
This reduction in the number of presses
is inevitable, unless tho priccsore raised.
Kennebec Jour,
Melancholy Occurrence. Mr Lewis E.
Washburn, of Wcstford in this, coantypn
man much esteemed and respected "and of
good habits, was killed in the most shocking
manner while employed in his Grist Mill,
l to went to his null on Tuesday morning
last, accompanied bv his son about 20
of age, and after they hnd got it in opera
tion, told his son ho might return to tho
house, that he being accustomed to tho mill
could superintend it alone. Whilo ho was
engaged ho went below probably to exam
ine or secure some of tho machinery, and
was caught by tho spur-wheel that carries
two run of stone and tho Iron-cogged trun
del head that carries one of them, nnd was
hurled in with such tremendous forco as to
throw the mill out of gear, nnd cnuso his
immediate death. He was found about
noon by his son with his breast confined in
the cogs of tho wheels, lacerated to the
heart. "1 his is another awful admonition to
those who aro engaged with machinery
winch is propelled ly strong water power,
IUjMhoir danger Otstiro jf, j
Post Orrict Report. The Report of
tho Post Master General is a business aocu
ment of only tolerable length and repre
sents that Department ns in n very flourish
ing rondilion. Wo lenrn from this paper
that on the first of July last, tho Post roods
in this country were about 1 13,000 miles in
extent, and tho annual transportation of the
mails at the rateof 27,578,020. Within tho
quarter ending September 30th, last, improve
ments were ordered on old moil routes, in
creasing tho rate of annual transportation,
37p4824 miles. The number of Post Offices
,ii?4ho United States on the first of December,
wns 1 1,100. During tho year ending June
30, last, GOG post offices wero established,
345 discontinued nndthero wero 1844chan
ges of Postmasters. Tho number of Post
Offices will be greatly increased the coming
year, in consequence of the great extension
of mail routes.
Tho accruing revenue of tho department
for tho year ending the 30th of June last was
83,398.455. The engagements and liabili
ties of the department for thesame year were
82,755,023. Thus the excess of revenue
over tho engagements and liabilities of thu
department was 8642,381. The nccounts
of tho Postmasters aro rendered, and the
quarterly balances paid by them with admi
rable promptitude more than ninetyjire per
cent, of tho revenue of tho department being
collected within thirty days after the close of
the quarters in which it accrues, without any
expense.
The increase of revenue for the quarter
ending the thirtieth of September last, over
the corresponding quarter of last year, was
about sixteen percent. And it is expected
that in consequence of the many improve
ments in tho mail routes, &c, there will be,
during the year ending Juno 30, 1838, on
advnnce in the income of the department of
nt least fifteen per cent, over that of the cur
rent year.
In view of these facts and extracts, the
Post Master General recommends a revision
of the present rates of postage, to take effect
on the 1st July next, with a view to a reduc
tion of about "twenty per cent." To this end
he suggests the followingscalc of letter post
ago in lieu of the present, viz 1
75 miles and under, Scents.
150 miles nnd over 75 -10
300 miles and over 150 - 15
GOO miles and over 300 20
Over GOO miles - . 25
The Post Master General doubts tho poli
cy of reducing the postage on newspapers
genernlly but thinks the postage on news
papers should be graduated according to
the size and weight of the matter to be con
veyed and recommends that newspapers
containing 550 square inches or under,
should be carried not over 200 miles nor out
of tho Stale, for half a cent over 200 miles
nnd out of tho State for 1 cent. Newspapers
550 inches square, ond not over 920, to be
carried not over 200 mites and not out of tbo
Slate, one cent over 200 miles, one and a
half cents. Newspapers over 920 inches
square, not over 200 miles, one and a half
cents over 200 miles two cents. It is rec
ommended that the rates of postage of period
ical pamphlets be regulated on the sam prin
ciples as those suggested for newspapers
and reduced to tho lowest rate which will
pay tho price of transportation.
The abuse of the franking privilege by
members of Congress is alluded to, nnd the
practice severely censured.
An Unnatural Mother. Yesterday, a
woman with an uncommonly interesting in
fant of only two or three weeks old in her
arms, went on board the steamboat Union,
Captain Tuttle, nt Sing Sing, and came down
to this city. On the way, she was observed
to treat her infant badly, nnd when told she
would kill her child, she said she did not
care if she did. As soon as tho steamboat
touched the whnrf, at thu old States Prison
dock, tho monster of a mother leaving her
child on board, hastened on shore, and when
told by the cabin maid that the bout would
bo off in a moment, the unfeeling mother re
plied that she would be buck in time. Tho
child wns heavily dosed with laudanum,
and slept through tho hnnr nf if H....rim,o
and when tho boat came to land below. Corn
iuiii tunic nau uio iniuni conveyed to tho
AlmS tlOUSC nflipfi-YvllPtt It !n tvj.ll (nlr.tn r.-.rn
of. As tho mother evidently intended to do-
w.. ..... viinu, uuu diiu uuu uo lueniuieu oy
several ladies who were on board, Captain
Tuttle has determined, if possible, to find out
the unfeelinir wretch, niut finv.. hr if.,,,.
siblc, brought to condign punishment.
w., v wriii,n,ii jrxuficr,-
Ono of tho most rnlrl hlnnilwl t, .,rl ;nl,...
murders wo recollect ever to have heard of,
was committed on Monday last, by n servant
girl 12 or 13 years old, belonging to Mr
Abraham D. Mitchell, of Cecil county. It
appears that somo offence had been given to
tho girl by the mother of a very young black
child, just uble to stand alone; and tho
wretch seizing an opportunity when tho
mother was absent nnrl thn i-liiU nlnnn
tho most unheard of cruelty, gave thu child
a blow with a fire shovel on the head, which
deprived it instantly of life. Having nccom
V im, dinD0'icnl purpose, she carried
the child Somo Hislnm-n fmm ,1... !,... i
- , fc - ,,,u uuuau uuu
covered it over with fodder. WL,n ii,..
mother returned, tho child being missed, a
search was nmiln Tint ,v;ii,,., ..r... m.l
girl nt Inst confessed tho criino and produced
tho body. She is now lodged in iail.
Elkton (Md.) Courier,
Arrest of thr Cn
r Repeljo, deputy U. S. marshal, on Tues
day eveninc nrrrstml Tnn r. t:-. .i..
bouza, master of the Portugueso biig Bri.
Imnt, lying at tho foot of Maiket street, on a
charge of importing slaves into this port.
1 his is tho same brig which wns the subject
- r'H m mo ami ot xuesdoy, and
WllICIl Wns Hllnnn.ml In k.. . I .- .1
n,i p . i'i'"- uu n-guiur eiaver.
tho nvo slaves whom wo mentioned ns be-
"ii in iuo orig, wero also arrested, and are
in confinement as witnesses. Souza also
was in custody yesterday, being held to bail
in tho sum of fcfinniv rV:hn. r.u .
"""in mo iiiuic nor
any or tho rrow, who uro white Portuguese
weru orrested.jV. Y.Sim. h '
VERMONT PHCB1VIX.
i-jA. - r-r- in hi i ' ' -r " rrrf nnflt rr f "
BRATTLEBORO, Vt.
Fbidat MonwiKO, December 30, l8S6.
Wo publish on our first page the highly in
teresting letter of Mr Diddle to John Quincy
Adams on tho Currency, which we commend
to tho careful perusal of every reader of the
Phainix, man, woman, ond child; for it is n
document so perspicuous that a child can un
derstand it.
"We think without controversy, Nicholas
Diddle must bo acknowledged tho greatest
financier which our country has produced, if
we except perhaps, Alexander Hamilton.
We found this opinion on the signal success
which has attended his administration of the
affairs of the United States Dank ever since he
became President of that Institution. Tho
Galaxy contains the following remarks on tho
above mentioned Ictttcr: "The surmises of
all parties are laid aside before this brighter,
clearer light and we only wish to enquire,
why, when all cither openly or tacitly acknow
ledge its truth, is it excusable or even desirable
in the opponents of Mr Diddle and the U. S.
Dank, to withhold assent? Let it be allowed
that Mr Woodbury is a man of talent docs it
derogate from his general merits that he has
mode a false step? Not in the least. And the
President must his word nnd thought be ido
lized because he is the great head of o party?
We opine not. Attachment to Party may be
fully exhibited without a blind submission to
every decrce for that manifests a servile cring
ing for something more than the love and fur
therance of truth. If then, Mr Diddle's letter
bo based on immutable truth as clear as the
daylight, instead of a fawning and ignominious
silence, let tho party papers come nobly and
boldly forward and acknowledge that the Gov
ernment has taken a false step, and urge for
the good of the community that it should be
retracted? Dut we feel that we arc advocoting
chimeras. We shall lie told that 'all is fair in
politics' that a step once taken can never be
retraced that tho leaders of a party must be
upheld as infallible that whatever emanates
from them must be seized as though it were an
oracle; but that party spirit must carry it
against truth, propriety and justice."
Mexico. We learn by the late papers that
our Flag has been insulted in some of the
Mexican ports, and several American seamen
had been imprisoned. It appears the Mexicans
lind taken possession of a Baltimore Drig in the
harbor of Vera Cruz, and hauled down our
stripes and stars while our Consul was on
board. He immediately spplied to the Com
mander of the Doston Sloop of War then ly
ing at Sacrificios, the usual place of anchorage
for armed vessels, who remonstrating with the
Mexican officers, they were st last induced to
intimate that they would return the vessel to
the Captain provided he would promise not
again to hoist his flag in the port. This pro
mise the Captain of the Doston would not give,
and in consequence the Mexicans retained pos
session of her ond sent her to sea with CO new
recruits. With the Sloop or War Natchez, on unplea
sant occurrence has taken place. She was at
anchor at Sacrificios, when one of her boat's
crew had a dispute with some fishermen. The
Mexican military guard interfered and impris
oned the Americans, where they remained 23
days, and Capt. Merwin was compelled to put
to sea without them. They were at last given
up to the Consul.
.Military Court of Inquiry.The Court of
Inquiry at Frederick, adjourned on Friday last
-an. 4. un I nursday the 22d inst. Gen.
Clinch was under examination. In renlv in
tho question, what in his opinion caused the
lauuro oi tno Honda campaign, under Gen
Scott, he gave tho following answer :
Ae.,f '"H f enerSV political forecast
... .uic ncuu vj me r or uepariment. The
nCCOSSltV nf nrniMilmrr firrninol l.l.'. a
ana enabling troops to net promptly nnd efficient-
j iin.ni, was mug ago suggested to that
ugh functionary. It was not until too late
that he ou-okn from liia ,lramo nr..i:,:.i
. . ... w.LU..,, vji iruimttu IIIU-
lerment, and turned his attention to bleeding
.v nuo .,.;. IIIIJKWIUIt! lO UO mOXet
than expose a handful nf ipmilin in
our ill provided and gallant troops to disease
ond starvation; the inability of our government
to suppress a savage iusurrection, and thechar
actorof our gallant officers to scurrilous animad-
Whio Tbiumni. An election for a member
ol the State Legislature to fill a vacancy, has
juav icruunaieu in me city ol New-York, and
resulted in the choice of Mnrria Trnnlrlin tt.n
Wing candidate, by a majority of more than
i wo 10 one.
A letter from Washington, dated on Satur,
oay, Bays:-.It is reported that Gen. Santa
larrU?5-.hero to-nte"1- Tho jury in the
case of White, is now out. Mr Clay, I un-
llerstnnil. hna rnncnntn, n A r.
, ty iriiiuiu iu me oen-
ate six years longer." Boston Centinel.
I have read with Iiio-h snt!
correspondent in tho Troy Whig) Mr. Mc
Guire's "Religious opinions nnd character of
ii uaun.giun." i no autnor deserves well of
us country. 1 hero is enough of incident in
the work to give it interest, enough of discus
sion and reasoning to give it value. He has
turned his materials to good account. No
young man can read it without profit. Let
the patriotic and the good, be as zealous to dis
tribute such works as the unprincipled are to
circulate writings of on opposite character.
Prescription for a Dittur Cold Day
Harrington of the Galaxy, advises all persons
to get into o towering passion until tho cold
snap is over, nnd avoid cool contemplations
nnd poetic ease. Old Dachelors should procure
n situation in some kitchen to stir hasty-pudding,
and attend the toasting machine.
Fourteen hundred hogs, averaging 200 lbs
nett, have been bought in this matket within
two or three days, at 95.87 1-2 ond 80. This
may be , said to have fixed the price of this great
staple for tie season,- Cireinna Pott,
Corrcionlcnco of the Journal of Commetet
ivAsiii.vuTo.N, Dec is
It is admitted on nil hands tliatiL"'
governmttU must recruit from ihe nil ,
tho Whigs-nnd that Mr Van Bu !n ;
ing ul the South in which qusrie" u"11
cent elections have told him lie is mutl
pected. In a conversation the olhrrdll
the mansion of the President, he said Vl
uncommon emphasis the Sovth lUn,
convinced of my orthodoiy on the tvli,!,
Slavery. J will make it the great tii i
principle of myichole adviinislration.L,
will accomplish it. Mr Rivrs js, 0f ui'
Southern men I hnvecver knoun'u... "
itive on the subject of slavery-nnc I i,T
haps the most judicious siaiesmnn .v'"
naps tno most iuuicious statesman oniC
subject in tho whole South. He js 'Jij
so far ns I can judge from occasional ?2
versolion more of nn Abolitionist than fi
Van Buren, nnd I hentd him mylrf.
jure the latter not to suppose the South H
lion of madmen.
There can be no question of tlic foiki
there is much chagrin among the mJ
crs of the Administration, on nrm,,... if?
unwillingness of Mr Arnn DurenloUw
vised, or rather instructed, ns to the poW
of his future government I7e hut,.
plainly that he will be indcpendcnU,
Senators and Representatives hate U
Ienrnt it nt tho expense of their prrsocil
vanity. Iom confident from what I fci
........ ... ri . r I , n n tr.n. ...I . II
ovui hihib iii.ii, nuitj uuai i nave liearif-.
that he will not be guided by party mom
either in his appointment to offices, or in iS
great measures of his administration
I he great difficulty in the way of
inet of compromise, is the distance betw
the prominent lenders of thetwogrtttw
ties. Who shall move first? and ifiS,
President Elect tenders office, will iiUt!,
cepieu f or win u noi oe indignantly rfitf
cd? There are, fortunately, amon?'ie
personal friends of Mr Van Buren. na:f
gentlemen of high character, and I
name one to whom the country may jet it
indebted for a most honorable agencjs
mitigating the asperity of party rancosi
Mr Senator King of Alabama, Thu r
tlnmnn hns nrinrivt iinncnnl enl;A.',J i
. . . ...... cviituiiuCDDm
subject of the new Cabinet and Iaoiili
irom personal knowledge to say, thiU
conuuet nas oeen most uisintercsledscdlo
ornble. I heard him state n feivdajirja
ton noisy office holder of one of the
partmcnts, thnt the day would soon Ucis
when clerks and editors would lesMtj
control Secretaries and Major Genen!i,
and this he stated with such emphasis u
silence the damagoguc at once.
1 ho city is unusually full fbrihetau
Office seekers are here by the doiea fcf
evciy part ot the Union, nnd indeed tn
every part of the world. There ii a ra4
ing nearly every day ot the White Hm
on the subject of the new cabinet asdti
in short tho exciting pulse in the vrm
frame of the old hero who noivdreiwi
little else. It is entirely through hia b
tno rutchen Cabinet taction hope to raa
ine t'rcsident elect and to retain tbeir
and their influence.
There wns a scene about the Geaa'il
day or two since, which created much eel
rimcnt. There had been an intimsta
perhaps an application) made to the Pral
dent some months ago, that the present fc
master at Boston, Mr Greene, had fnjil
office long enough that he had wwl
rich ore and that the Hon. Aleiiccnil
Everett was desirous to obtain the ctEft I
it wns one which would suit his literaryWl
its nnd pursuits. The subject wasntml
to him a few days since, and the eU I
got into a passion, nnd read a Idler t
received from lioston, detailing .Mr il
ctt s lormer bitterness and abuse,-
declared he must be tried loneer befefl
could be trusted. The old chief sai4'
tell you sir. I have read morelilewtB
you imagine, and know nil about ihfKJl
ol the 11th hour." I
There can bo no doubt of MrKftiH
intr retained in his present office,!
story of Mr Rives having made his!
ment a condition precedent to disc" "i
trance into the Cabinet, is entirely on
air ttives nas aircaay signweu uuji
to accept office, the present fceerewjn
't reasury will, if he retires, go to i-j
tho War IJepartmcnt has bttn eje"'
Jones of North Carolina; nnd so''
r....i i, ; mnUc
UIU IUUUIU, UU lUIlMCI, J t" -.J
llnili.r n nrni- Tilfi-!nrv' TjllV. Inert!
thrnn nmtr Totrrne nf lh. RlinieUlt
appoint.
South Carolina and Tcxas.-.
teo of the Houso of RepresentainM"!
n i: j. r. thnt iurtl,I
vuiuiiuu, iiiuuu u iriui, v.. ." - ,j
Mornffi,.' !t..ncrn -hich relatedtol'l
' - " ' t .
in .iilitl, tk.i. ,,vnrcl fl Petotffl (
renco in the views of the GorenW1!
subject. This report wns agrceaio
Houso. In tho Senato the satneW
ing referred to a committee of "
Hamilton, tho lato Governor, vutm.
ho made a report of a dircclly opFfv
cause of Texas, nnd recoromcndjO i
VUIIVUIIUIVV 111 ,11V tV,wi- .
House. lioston Dai. Adv.
renortofthecommissioncrofPu11,
that the foundation is nlready M' '
l'atenl Utlice. Tho exieni ui -
uuuuiiigis ;wu leei in lc"t f.,il
Besides tho facings, the granite
basement story, on both the norm
ironts is Inid, and n consiuunw-i.
mntGrinls in rnllppled on the g'?w
for proceeding in the work in tN'jjJ
uniortunalely tho aesirucuu "ym
els in tho patent office, renders I
building unnecessary, ior
come. -Boston Patriot.
j-uoiic aaie oj uamn -.id
the Wyandots. -Tho President
his proclamation, directing- the
nptt nf tl, tract nf Intld in O&IO"
T r. I- i- r t. 'm
ceded to the United States, byl",
the 23d April last, with abandon
tin I iwlinno l-Iiv thn ftlinUIUUV" U
tv in nuestion. tho proceeds of i"e. J
k - 'i .' ,u inninm. mri
bo
into
d tho Treasury of tho Unit"prl

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