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THE VERMONT PllOiXIX
Is Pt i f Kiii.li i.vjuv Satiiiii.it )l o AT
B l! ATTl.K BOKO, VT,
Onicc .No. II (Ji nolle Host, lis, Incll's Illoeh,
Oi'iwilte llralthlioro llmis.
Tr.lt.VI.9i $2 00 nr j-eiir J1.G0 In ndvMicc. No deduc
tion frntil the alsive price n 111 hereafter 1,0 made except to
fulrtll existing cnnir.ict.
CIIAS. CCM.MIXUS, Publisher.
Cm. S. Pkoity, Printer.
T1V KNTV-r'OlT.TII VOU'Mi:. Tllllll) OP NKVT SLltll?.
CITLKU'S IILOCK MAIN ST llltATTLKIIOltn.
ViisAsr's Ckuuuvm ?i irr in NrUKo Taiu-k., with
Trts N kw Srrl r Ci tuids.
BllATTJLEIiORO, VT. : AUG. S, 1S57.
KT No liar Kept. . . Closed InvarlaHv nt 10 P. SI. .Ct
VV. I.tl.l.CV, PnnrmkTon.
C. AV. IIOHTOX, M. 1)..
PHYSICIAN AM) SUKOHON,
So. 3 I! In lil'V lllllliliim.
K. M. l'UXKHOCSKR It CO.,
si stcoNii sh'.kct, limvm oi.tvi; and iajccst,
ST. LOUIS, MO.
n. m. mmiotsEK, w. A. iiifnnviit,
i:. t. ruttLL, ' MH.
R M. V. Si CO,, will ndvanee. on shipments lo their
coire.pondents In New Orleans, ,cw vorK, una iwsiou.
Manufacturer of, rtn.1 l)e.il-r In,
Cons, I'l.tols. ToHlina 1'k'i'rn, Ammuni
UeoalrluK 'Ion" at short notice on f-ivor.ible term'.
Shop oipojilt the American. n,... I iKATTM'-lill 110, VT.
The "llrnltlrljoro Cururt Iiinul"
ire prepared to furnish Ml'flC mi nil occedons, of tlio latest
anil most pvipul ir character. Address
LEWIS S. lilOM.NS, , or L'll.VS. 0. l'.LLIS, Leader.
li. M. AVIIHS, M. l.,
llcctlc lMijnirinn mill Surgeon.
0FP1CK, No. 2, KLl.loT S.TIU.IX
Two Doors West of .... HB LUIl IIOCSK
j. ii. v. ii. r.vi'KiiimooK ,
Manufacturers and Dealers In
Kr.lplre Ktnlr, Victor, Ntrst nn' nnil (irnrm
Viilli- Cook Sliisc,. I'urlor unit 11i
Siosi'kiiikI Hot Air l'limncr.
Atsoi Plows, Cultivator", Ho.i'l Seniors, Churns, Iron finis,
Kussiaand Irtish Move t'is.,niid all kinds of Stove
Furniture, Japan and t'.iinui'in Tin-ware.
iYo 1 Excltawjt ,7orA-,....l;P.ATTLL110K0, VT.
HKl'STIS .V lll ltXAI',
Harness. Trnnli. VulNc & Collar SI n li u fii c
lurcrnniiil Ciirrlni,.- TriiiuuiTs.
Uepalring Articles In the abov c business punctually attended to
MAis-Sr., OrroMTK Avnmcis: IIhise,
J. F. IIscaTU. J. W. linear.
AMIXAXDER II. I'lKU,
l'liilll' I'nti'iit l.i'ii'r IV nil niHl City Gnlo
anil Clotli llouril Tor I'nrl.ln.:.
And Pealir in Lumlier, Hills of Tlmlxr, CliiMinK Bhlnglcs,
Kc, manufactured and fumUlied to otiltr.
WKiT WAHDgnOlU), T.
E. C. CUOSS, M.D., lMi)ii liill mill Snrgrou,
OlFICE AkAR J. I. LARK'S i'KL'U STORE.
Such Domestic Medicines as I lure prov.-d vuliuUe In my prac
tlce during the past ten years in Oullfupl and l;yden,
kept on hand and dispensed at my otlice.
I'urr Slattfr for Vnc c i nn 1 1 o n .
Attorney mill Couuellor nt Ijiiu,
IltLinovcd from Saltou's Hher to UrattleUiro, A t.l
XT OIQcc ovir the savings Hank.
FliAGG .V CROS1IV,
.IttoruejN nml ConiiMfllor nt Lust,
0. r. FLA GO.
v. . cnosDr.
JAMKS W. CAUl'HXTER,
Attorney & C'ouiiNellor nt Ijiisr mul Solicitor
Saiton's nit ir Village, llocklnf ham, Vt,
CIIAS. X. DAVF.XI'ORT,
Attorney & Couunellor is I Lilts- A. Solicitor in
11RAI)I,KV &. KELLOGG,
Allorni ja .V Counti'Dori ut Lusv & Solicitors
Office opposite the Bratlleboro House, UKATTLEBOKO, T.
J. D. BRADLET
ceo. n. KtX!.o(,a.
AttoruejM mill Couiini'llorH nt Luss.
Olhco tvio doors West of the JUiik. JAMAICA, VT.
J. a. HITLER. U. I- K.N'oft LT02I.
KSTKV Si K ATIIAX,
Dealers in all kinds of
Murlilr, Gruiiite, hlnle, Soup-Stone, tec.
Two doors South of the llrldge, .Malli-St., 1IKATT I.EUOKO, VT
ii. x. nix,
Attorney & Coiiiiftcllor ut Lnss'ullil Solicitor
WIIITIN01IA.M CENTKi; VT.
WOODCOCK A; VIXTOX,
TT All kinds of Printing Iilr made to order. Cash pal.1
for H hits and llro tl Kjgs. 1111ANLI JiOUU, T. .
U. CROSI1Y S CO.
Wholesale Dealer In
Flour, Gruili unit Proilnce.
No. 3 Dlake's Block,.... UltATTLLllOKO, VT.
JOSKI'Il STKKX &. SOX,
ItoolinrllrrK, l'ublUlicra mill SlulioiierH,
Corner of Main and High otmts, WIATTLBIIUIW, VT.
JOSKrit BTEE.X. J. fllASK BTEEN,
CIIAS. C. KLL1S,
llooli-ltlnili r ii IHnult Hook .'Miiiiiifiictiiri r,
lirlck Block, three doors aiwve tho Ameilcau House,
Bit ATT LEB0110, VT.
S. PIKli, R1FLU AIAK11R Si GCXS.M1TII,
Will execute all order In his line, either for MAKING Oil III:
PAllllNO, uhleh may lw entrusted to his cure. All
work warranted to (.'he satlsfattlon.
Shop on Jlirgi-Slrtet,'! doors H'citofCwM btretti
S. A. MORSi: li CO.'S
In tliercurof Hie Itrutllelioro Home,
Mais StlebT, BltATTLKBOP.O, VT.
FA V KTT K V1LLK 1 1 OT K L,
I'. Q, KNAPP, I'ROI UIETDB, Nbwfaxe, Vt.
The Ijest aecommodatlons for Traveler and Visitors.
(lo,i,l vutiling connected with the house.
1:. V. CltOSS, M, I).,
l'li)aicinu unit .Siirtfcoiit
QL'IU'OltD CENTHK, VT.
WAl. S. HOUGHTON,
IluriirMi, Truulc mnl Valim AMuuiinu'iurcry
ANH CAHUIAOU TJtl.M.MCH, I'L'TNKV, M,
Manufacturer aud Dealer lu Indlea, flent, Mlasea, ChiUrcns
ti ml Jloy'a
ItooUf Sliori C!(iitn ainl KubberN,
OppoBUc the I'obt Oihue, Main Street, .... IUlATTLKIlonO.
J W. IIOTrOXr Aioi1irrm-r unit Druutflilf
And IK'uK r In
5IAIN STltECT llUATl'LEUOHO, VT.
L. C. IHEAD,
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW, practicing In
the Courl-Huf Vermont and New lUu..nhlre,
HJAuknt or xtir.KJW'A trt Inmranet ( 'or;tnnytnnd
Wm-thatn County Mutual 'to,
ALifO, Ayent to .rwuro I'enttloni. and liounty Land.
Commiiininiicr for the State of Nw Vork and Nhw Hump,
ftiln), Callfiimla and Notary Public. 27
V. II. PKSSKXHKX.
KXKIIAL lXSUItANCi: ACJKNCV.
UlUce WlllUtou'. Slouo Illoeli.
The ubs.rllr has the aseney of the VT, MlTl'AL FUtU
I.NSURANn; COMPANY, with a CuplUil exceedlnt: 1.UUU..
DUO. Aliotliefl'lUNIlUKI.DUIlKANDMAUINKlNSl II
ASCE CO.M PAN V,(stm kl Ith a Capital or $160,000! a laro
iutIus) and tho tUNWAY HUH I.NSl'HANLT. COMPANY,
(stock) nlth a CaplUil of $100,000. lie Is also prepared vt.
feet Insurance, If desired, In the jrrSA INBUllANCU COM.
PANY.Ilartforl.and ATLANTIC I IKK AMI MAK1.NKC0.,
Providence. Persons uisiiluit to Insure on pioperty will ii)
well to call on him lefru itfectlujj the same Insurance on
Lin: trar also U i nVited nith him In the NATIONAL I.It'K
INel'ltANi'i; Co.MPANY, 'or any term and to any amount
uutuoudnsr $10,000 at ono r ik 1'. II. ILSsENUKN,
UrattlebjrJAimary&ri, 1b3T- 2
P OK THY.
When fWilliwH ilirt frnm t-utt.iKi- pmp(
Aii'l flni.cri ihium of (mlcy fIipru'isJ
Whvix nvi'tm iwy nnil i tho IrnvuM
An t wooilbinrn Hint thv way
Wo lnu to My 1mm itally mrr,
To trriillni tho ruutitry huxom ntr
To Jftlu cur luui, ami form n ilnjr
To L1113I1 and mort, an 1 ii nre unit rlnjr,
Auill tho new uioti liy.
Unoth ln, "I'm IU', the joutli nml true;
1 uUli to piim n hour with )un,
'Dili j-lcHniinf tuiinntT Ji).''
"Ootitf in ! rouu! In ! jon iuey elf
Atut Hltr our rricml ' 'Tt t'rlcnJ'hlp'i fcir,M
'(Vine cMvhcomc hrtth onr fj-orti tn Mnre j
Tht.rv'n fttlrcnio kin 1. and room to npure,
AmM the i u'niiiTii !n;.
Thn rln U rjrn.nl ; hut who nro ther!
''Coine, tell jour erninl If J mi itlctue;
Vou look no tout ati-l li) at vnwt,
You dim th five uf day.'1
"AmUtion!" "Jcnlouiy land "Stiifv!"
A ii I '5urn!'' Abl ".Virliiehr. of J.tfo j'
"If ruth jour iiruk"', we tmte your kin ;
lhv jiUre in fall, 5 on can't c-otnv lu
Anitd the neiwnown hy.''
Another jiutet rrmea bimn.Hujr hy,
With hrow unnrhiklcil, f.iirnnl hiifh
Mltli nun-hurnt fjee nii'l routoh cjr,
And akn your lento to eta).
Quoth he rm Fun, your rhjht fripud!"
Come In! come la; with , ion we'll vml!"
Ami tint we fntie In n ling
And thin we hudi. and d.itiei, and ting,
Amid the !ie-nKiMit hay.
sM IS CULL A NY.
A litllo more than fiftv years uso, n man liy
llic name (if llcury Thompson c.tlleil at llie
linitst! of Mr. J. Sinuli, it ic-i'lunt i:i a ictircil
jian of Knglaml, anil ri(Ufteil a night's Iml
inj. This it'im'-t was tirantei, and tho Uran
pur, having taken mno refreshments, retired
early l bed, reiiuestin that he mipht be awak
ened nt an etrly hour the folluntng morning.
When the servant niiiioinled lo call him en
tered the room for that purpose, ho was found
in his lied petfeelly dead.
On exaininini; his body, no marks of violence
appeared, but his coinitciunce lookeil extreme
ly natural. The stury of his death soon spread
nnioii the neighbors, and inquiries eru made
as to who he was and by what means he came,
to his death.
Nnthiii" certain, however, t as known. lie
had arrived on horseback, and was teen passing
through a neihboriiii.' villann about an hour
befoic ho reached the house where ho had come,
lo his end. And t'len, as to tint manner of hi
death, s i little could be discovered, that the
jury returned a verdict that ho " died by avM
tition fiout (iod." When this was done, tho
stranger was buried.
D.ijs and weeks paved on, and little further
was known. Th,' publie mind, however, was
nut nt tot. Su-pieions existed that foul means
had hastened the stranger's death. Yliiper
to thai cliecl vvas cxprccil, anil in the hearts
of many, Smith was considered tho puilty man.
I ho tnrtner eliaraeler o! smith nau not oeen
good. He hadlived a loose and irregular life,
involved hiui'elf in debt by Ins extravagance,
and at length, lieiiin nspceted of havint; ob
tained money w rongfully, he tudilenly tied from
More than ten rear?, however, had now
elapsed since his return, during uhuh ho had
nveo at ins pius'ui tesiuence, apparently in
good circumstances, and with an approved char
acter, lln Inrincr life, however, was now re
membered, and suspicion was fastened upon
At tho expiration of two mouths, a gentleman
one day stopped in tho place lor tho purpose of
making inquiiies lespecting tho stranger who
had been found dead in Ins bed. 11c s.ippoed
himself to he the brother of the man. The hot so
and clothes of tho unfortunate man still icm lin
ed, and vveie iuunedulclv known as having be
longed to his brother. 1'hc body also, was taken
op, and though ennsiderally changed, boio a
strong resemblnnce to him.
1 1 now felt authorized in ascertain, if possi
ble, tho manner of his death, lie pioceedcd,
therefore, to mvestigato the ciictimstauccs as
well as ho vvas able. At length ho made known
to tho magistrate ot tho distiat thu information
ho had collected, and upon the strength of this,
Smiih wis taken to jail to be ttied lor tho wil
ful murdor of Henry Thompson.
Thu celebrated I.onl M tiiflield vi-as ihen on
tho bench. Ho charged Iho grand jury lo bo
cautious as to finding a bill against tho ptisoner.
llie evidence of his guilt, puil'y, might ho
small. More information might bo obtained.
Should he bo acquitted ho could not be mo
lesled again whatever testimony should rise up
against him. Tho grand jury, however, did
find a lull, but by a majority of only one.
At length tho' time ot trial arrived. Smith
was brought into court and placed at iho bar.
A great cruvvd thronged the room, eager and
anxious to boo tho prisoner, and to hear thu trial.
Ho himself appeared firm and collected. Noih
ing in his manner ornppearanee indicated guilt;
and, when iho (piesliou vvas put to him by the
clerk, " Are you guilty or not guilty V" ho nn
swered with an unfallenng tongue, and with a
countenance perfectly unchanged, " not guilty."
1 he counsel tor thu prosecution now opened
tho case, Iiut it was apparent that ho had lit
tle cspcctalion of being able to prove tho pris
oner guilty, Ilo stated to tho jury, that the
cise was in great mystery. 1 ho prisoner was
a man of lespectahdity nud of property, Thu
deceased vvas supposed lo have had about him
gold anil towels to a largo amount ; out toe pris
oner was not so much in want of funds as to bo
under a sirong icmptation to commit murder,
And besides, if llie prisoner had obtained tho
pioperly, hu had effectually concealed it, Not
a tr.tco oi it couui no lounii.
Why, then, was tho prisoner suspected ? Tho
deceased, llenrv Thompson, was a iovvcller, re
siding in London, nud a man of wealth. Ho
had left London for tho nnrposo of meeling a
trader at Hull, of whom he expected o make a
large tiiiicnase. 1 no trailer no tlul meet ; aim
after tho departure of thu hitler, Mr. Thompson
Was known to have in his possession juw els and
gold to a largo amount.
With theso in Ins possession, ho left Hull on
his return lo London. 1: vvas not known that
ho stopped until hu reached Smith's, md tho
... . .ir i .i i :.. l... i....t
next inn, mug was iiiscuveicil iieuu ill ins ucu.
He died, then, in Smith's house, and if it could
bo shown that ho camo to Ins death in an tin
natural way, it wool I increaso the suspicion that
tho pnsouor was in some way connected vvitli
iv'uvv, then, continued tho counsel, it will ho
proved be; oiid tho possibility of n doubt that
thu deceased died by poison. What was that
poison 'I It was a recent discovery of s&ino
(Jurinan cheunsls. Mid lo ho inoduced Irom uis.
lilliii" tho seed of tlio wild oheiry tiee. It was
a poison more powerful than nuy other known,
M,t Muoiivi-ti i luu bU IIUUICUI'llClJ ,13 i n-inw
no in.irks of sufl'uring and no contortion of thu
Iiut then, tho question, when and by whom
was ii uiiunnisteieii i uno circumstance, a
small uno indued, and vet upon it miuht hang a
horrid tale, vvas, that tho stopper of a email hottlo
of a very singular dcsciintio'i had been found in
' the prisoner's house. Tho stopper had been
1 oxaminoil, ana said by medical inuti lo have LO'
liuit'ed to a (icrnian vinl, containing the kind of!
poison he had di si rihi d. Hut, then, w.nt that t
poison administered by Smith, or nt his instiga
tion ' Who weie the ptisnncr's family '! J
consisted only of himself, a housekeeper and one I
man servant. The man servant slept in nn out-1
linuso adjoining the iuahlc, anil Hid so nu thu I
night ot 'I liotniwin's dealh. The prisoner slept
in one end of the hmie. the housekeeper nt the
other, and the deceased had btcu put ill aioum
adjiiiiiing the housekeeper's'.
It could he provcd,,that about Ihreo hours af
ter midnight, on tho night of 'I hompsou's dealh,
a liiht had been seen moving about thu house,
nud that a figuiu holding the light was seen to
pn fiont the loom in vvhieh the prisoner slept to
Ibu liouscki.epiT .s room i the light noiv ili-ap-tieaicd
for a tniuntn when two net sons were seen, I
but whether they went into Thompson's room I
the witness could not swear ; but shortly afu r
they vvele observed to pass quite through the '
entry to Smith's toom, into which they entered, 1
and in about five minutes the light was extin-1
Thu wilncss would further state, that after j
the person had lettirned wilh the light into
Smith's loom, and before it vvas etinguibcd he
had twice perceived somu dark object to inter
vene between llie light and the window, almo-t
ns Urge as tint suifaco of tho window itself, and
which hu described by saving it appeared as if,
a door hail been placed before the ligh'. Now, '
in Smith's room, thcru was nothing that i until '
account for this appearance, and there vvas nei- -ther
cuplionrd nor press in thu room, whit h, but '
for thu bed, vvas enliiely empty J tho mom in
which he dressed being a distance beyond it.
The counsel for the ptosi'cutiun hcru conclu-1
ded what ho had to say. During his address,
Smith in no wie appeared to be ngiiatod ordis
tiY.,,.,1 and equally unmoved while the witness 1
lestilteil in substance what the opening speech
of iho counsel led thu court and jury to expecl.
Lord Mansfield now addresscil the jury. He
said that in his opinion the evidence was not
sufficient to condemn the itisoner, and if the
ii ry agreed with him in opinion he would (lit
harge him. Without leaving their seats, im
i ry agieed that thu evidence was not sufficient.
At ihis moinelil, when ihev vvcro about to
render a verdict of a iputtal, tlio pri-otier to-c,
and addres-ed the couit. He Slid he had been 1
accused of a foul crime, and tho jury had sihl
there was no sufficient evidence against him.
Was ho to go out of court with suspicions test-,
ing upon linn, afler all? This ho was unnill-
ng lo On. Ho was an innocent man, ami it the
udgis would grant mm an opportunity, he
vould proved. He would call tho housekeeper,
who would confirm a statement which ho would
now in tke.
Tho housekeeper hail not appeared in court.
She had concealed herself or been concealed by
Smith. This vvas considered a dark sign againt
him, hut he himelf now ofl'ercd to bring her I
forward, and stated as reason, not that ho was j
not willing that she should testify, hut, knowing i
the' excitement, he was fearful that sho would i
ho bribed to give tcstimouv contraiy to fact. '
Hut he was now ready lo rcltte all the circum-1
stances he knew ; sho might be called and ex-,
amined. If her testimony docs not confirm my
story, let me bo condemned.
The request of the prisoner appeared reason-1
able, and I.crd Mansfield, contrary to his usual
pincticu gianted it. I
Tho prisoner went on with his statement, lie i
said he wished to go out of the court, relieved
Hunt tho suspicions winch vveru resting tqion
him. As lo the poison, by means of which tho
stranger was Mid to have 'died, he knew neither
the name of it, nor even tho existence of it, un
til made known hv tho counsel. He could call
(iod to witness tho truth of what ho said.
And then, as to Mr. Thompson, ho vvas a
perfect s'tanger to him. How should he know
what arlulu of value ho had? He did not
know. If ho had such utticles at Hull he might
li.no left them on tho road, nr which vvas more
probable, have otherwise disposed of them.
And if ho died by means of thu fatal drug, ho
must hive administered it himself.
He begged llie jury to remember that his
premises had been repeatedly and minutely
searched, and nut the most trilling article that
belonged lo tho deceased had been discovered
in his possession, Thu stopper of n vial had
necn lounii nut ot this ho coulil only say, lie
had no knowledge, and had not seen it before
ll vvas produced in court.
One fact had been proved, and onIyone.
That ho would explain, and his housekeeper
would confirm iho statement. A witness had
testified that some one hail gone to llie bc(i
room of tho housekeeper on iho night in ques
tion. Ho was ready to admit that it vvas him
self. Hu had been subject for much of his life
lo sudden fits of illness; hu had been seized with
one on that occasion, and had gune to procure
her assistance in lighting a fire. She had re
turned with him to his room for that purpose,
ho having wailed for a mmtito in thu pas-agu,
while shu put on her clothes. This would ac
count lor Iho momentary disappearance of the
light. Afler remaining a few minutes in his
room, and finding himself better, ho had dis
missed her and retired lo bed, from which ho
had not riten when ho was informed of tho
death of his guest,
Such vvas tho prisoner's nddrcss, which pro
luccd a powerful eficet. It vvas dolivered in a
firm and impressive manner, and from tho sim
ple and artless manner of tho man, perhaps not
one present doulttd his cntiro innocence.
1 ho housekeeper was now introduced and
examined by tho counsel of tho prisoner. Sho
had not heard any part of thu statement of
Smith, nor a single word of Iho trial. Her story
confirmed all ho had said.
To this succeeded cioss oxinnnation by tho
counsel fur tho pro-ecution. Ono circumstance
had made n deep impression on his mind that
was, that while thn piisoncr and tho housekeeper
wero in tho room of thu former, something like
a door had obstructed thu light of tho candle,
so that Iho witness "testified to tlio fact hut could
not seo it. What vvas this obstruction ? There
wis no door nothing in tho room .vvhieh could
account for this. Iiut tho witness was posilivo
that something like n door did for a moment
como between tho window and tho candle, This
needed explanation, Tho housekeeper was thu
person that could givo it. Designing to probe
this matter in tho end to Iho bottom, but not
wishing to excite her alarm, ho began by asking
her a few unimportant questions, and among
others, where thu candle stood when chu vvas in
Mr. Smith's room ?
" In tho centre of tho room," sho replied,
" Well, was tho closet, nr cupboard, or what
ever you call it, opened onco or twice while it
stood there ?"
Sho mado no reply.
" I will help your recollection," said tho coun
sel ; "lifter Mr. Smith had taken tho medicine
out of tho closet, did ho shut tho door, or did it
1 cmaiu open '"
" He shut it."
" And when ho replaced tho hottlo in tho
closet, ho opened it again, did ho ?"
" And how lung was it open tho last timo ?"
" About a minute."
" Well, and when open, would the door be
exactly between the light and tho vvinduvv?"
' It would."
" I forgot," said llri counsol, " whether you
said thu closet was on tho right or on the left
hand sido of tho window 1"
' On thu left hand s!do."
, " Would tho door of tho closet make any
noiso in opening?"
" Aiu vou certain?"
" I am."
' Havo vou evor opened it yourself, or only
seen Mr. Smith open it?"
"I never opened It myself."
" Hid vou ever keep t'iu key i"
" Never "
" Who did V"
' Mr. Smith, always."
At that moment the housekeeper chanced to
east her eves towards Mr. Smith, the prison 'r.
A cold, damp sweat stood upon his brtnv, and
his liico had Iml all its color i ho appeared a liv
ing imago of dealh. She no sooner saw him
than she shrieked and fainted. The. consequence
of her answer ll.ished acioss her mind. Shu
had been so thoroughly deceived be thu man
ner of Iho advocate, and tho little importance Ins
had seemed In attach to her statements, that sho
had bjeti led ou, liy ono question to another,
till she had luld him nil he wanted to know.
Sho was obliged lo bo taken from tho court,
and a pbtsiciiu who was ptesent wis requested
tn nltend her. At this time tho solicitor for tho
jiro-eeoiion (answering lo our stale's altornev)
lelt the court, hut no onu knew for what pur
pose. I'resentlv the physician cime into court,
and staled that it would he impossible for the
housekeeper lo resumu her seal in thu boxshoit
ol an houi or two.
It was almost twelve in the day. Lord Mans
field, having directed that the jury be accommo
d ited with a loom, wheru they could be kept
by themselves, adjourned the couit two hours.
Tho pnsouor, in iho meantime, was temauded
It vva between four and fivu o'clock, when
the judge resumed his seat upon the bench.
The prisoner was again placed at iho bar, and
ho housekeeper broiiihl in and led to the box.
The court loom wis crowded to excess, and an
awful silence pervaded the place.
The cross examining counsel again addres-ed
tho housekccr. " I havo but a few mure
questions to a-k vou," slid he, tako heed how
vou answer, for yuur life hangs upon a thread."
Do vou know this stopper !"
" 1 do."
" To whom dnos it lielong?"
" To Mr. Smith."
When did vou hist seo it ?"
At that moment thu solicitor entered tho
court, bringing with l.im upon a tray, a vvaleh,
two money big, a jewel ease, and a bottle of
the same manufacture uf thu stopper, and hav
ing a i mk in it. The tray was placed on the
table in sight of the prisoner and Iho witness,
and fr-in tint moment no doubt remained in the
mind ot any man picent of the guilt of tho
A low words will bring this mrlancholy talc
to iis close. The house where the muidcr had
been committed was between nine and ten miles
distant. The solicitor, as soon as the cross ex
amination of llie housekeeper had discovered tho
existence of thu closet, and its situation, had set
nfl' on horseback, with two sheriff's officers, and
after pulling down a part of the wall, had do.
teeted this important concealment. The search
vvas well rewanlcd. Tho whole of the properly
belonging to Mr. Thompson vvas found there,
amounting in value to soma thousand pounds;
and lo leave no room fur doubt, a bottle was
discovered which the medijal men instantly
pronounced to contain the very identical poison
which caused tho death of the unfortunate
Thompson. Tho result vvas too obvious to need
It scarcely need be added, that Smith vvas
convicted and executed, and brought to his aw
ful punishment bt his own means. Had he
said iiothin.' had he not persisted in calling a
witness to prove his innocence, ho might have
escaped. Hut Clod had evidently left him lo
work out his own ruin, as a just reward for his
From the New KoglaDd Tanner.
THE CHEAP BOARDER.
" I shall be perfectly content to live ns you
do, Mis. Willey, 1 only want thu privilege of
Vecling at home. If you choosn to go out of the
city, I will t.tko vour place at the table, and see
that cierv thing is provided in your absence."
' Hut I do mt feel as if, at the low price of
linen dollar and fifiy icnts per week, I shall
he able lo all'ord any luxuries," remarked thu
widow Willey, with whom Mrs. llay was stipu
lating for " terms am! accoumio lations." " You
are aware, nowadays, (at least wo housekeepers
an1.) that every article we coi.sume if so enor
mously high, that it is only upon the most com
mon food we can subsist. Now if I thought
.Mrs. liay, tint you would ho perfectly s.itistied
to live ns I do, ami would come, in like ono of
the family, neither desiring nor expecting innro
than we furnish, vou might take my luck cham
ber, and wu would try the expel iment of living
together bui really, iho price vou name is un
' Hut you must remember, mv dear lady, that
I shall make no trouble, nor will you incur any
exira oxpenc on my account.' I shall tako
chargo nt my room, and you nor your friends
will never know I am on vour premises, save at
the table. I am a very small talc, and easily
satisfied ; so lor three fiftv I mav come, msv I
Mrs. Willey hesitated. " Slpi never knew
any ono who fancied lady hoarilcis. Mrs. Udes
had told her only yesterday, shu would not lake
charge of a woman at ten dollars per week, if
tnero was a man whom slm could board. Mie
says they commence wilh fair weather, and al
ways end in a squall. If I thought such would
be tho casu with us, and that our friendship
would ho btoken by close intimacy in living to
gether, no money would jnduco mo lo g'tvu you
an affirmative answer."
" Of courso not, Mrs. Willey. I have lived
with a great miny people, and havo seen great
varieties ol character, and by this limu have
learned what it is to necommoilat i myself to
other people's caprices. Give yourself no anx
iety on that account. With your permisssinn, 1
will como in to-morrow morning. Where I now
hoard, my siiuation is rendered very uncom
lortablo by tho ill-usago of my landlady ; it was
only yesterday, she absolutely refused ma tho
usu of her kilclien to do iny washing."
" You really do not attempt to wash your own
clothes?" inquired Mrs Willey. anxiously. "1
do not think I can consent to that in my house.
Y hi know our help aro not pleased with being
troubled wilh oilier people's work, and I am
sure, 1 would nt displease my Bridget fur tho
price of your board ; sho is an invaluable tieas-
uro to me, Sho has been wilh mo upwards of
si- ii-Mi .1- i ,
si.s. seais, now, user ooieu .,11. 11 uiey (lieu j auit
tho creature js so allbetionato and kind, I could
never consent to bring nny trouble up'on hor
' Don't bo fearful, my dear woman. 1 only
do a little starching; just a few handkerchiefs,
and utidersleeves, and collars. You know wu
poor people cannot afford to employ a laundress
in teat and destroy articles for which wo pay so
high a price. Why, if you will believe me, on.
ly yesterday, old Sally Franks brought homo
to mu a pair of tindcrslcovcs all torn in slits ;
and 1 paid fivo dollars for them a few weeks
ago. And there is my Iloniton laco collar as
bluo ns indigo; looks liko a more rag. 1 only
wish I had tho monoy I paid for it."
"Why, what did you give, Mrs. Hayt"
" Suveu dollars, and it vvas cheap at that;
"maiked down," on account of being soiled.
Mrs. Green gave ten dollars for precisely tho
samo pattern. 0 dear, I sometimes think I will
go into tho country to live, where an imitation
lace pasted fur a real Mechlin or Brussels. Hut
there, when you are in thu world you must eon
form to tho fashion. I think in your family, I
shall save a great deal in not being obliged to
wear such nice articles for table dtcss. And
you will givo mo leavo to como in to-morrow j I
shall havo but a few articles lo move,"
Mrs. Willey assented, though not very cor
dially, Sho could not but think n woman who
bought underslcoves and lace collars, at so dear
a rate, ought to pay higher board. Hut then,
sho supposed Mrs, Hay had many presents, and
some of her live dollar gold pieces had been ap
proptiatetl ns tokens of icmcmbrancc. She
comforted herself by feeling Iho stair was in her
own hands, and shu should icguldtu her table
fare as she chose, determined not to alter fur a
The following morning Mrs. Hiy arrived
wilh two full loids of furniture-, quite enough lo
furnish a small house ; and yet, she had engag
ed but ono room to place it in. Mrs. Willey
Hepped nnt vvhilo it was unloading, to procure
her dinner. When shu returned, thu found a
largo, old fashioned sofa fining in her chamber,
u heavy, antiquated side-board stood In iho en
try, and two large looking-glasses, vvhieh tho
room would not admit on account of tho low
celling. Mrs. Riy came forward, in her bland,
coneihiloiy manner, declaring "she did not
krow what to do with her rubbish ; perhaps sho
would givo her leavo lo set in tho attic, until
hecoul I sell it at miction ; at any rate, hero it
is, Mrs. Willey, and wo must do something vvitli
It." (.lust behind her sho snicd a littlu poodle
dog) ' O.Mrs. Willey, I forgot to mention
about my little " Spot." who always goes with
me. You will bo delighted with iho eieaturc,
when ho becomes acquainted. And I havu thu
lircttiesl little Maltese kittm up stairs; shu will
lie a pci feet treasure, if you aro troubled with
" Any more In your family '" inquired Mrs.
Willey. ' lieally, Mrs. l'ay. I hid no idea of
this. 1 don't know what to do with your furni
ture. A dog I despise, and as to a eat, I never
yet onnscnlcd to keep ono on my premises
I'crcriving the tide was settiii against her,
Mis. Itay immediately suggested that the dog
and cat should never invado her premises, and
Ihen added, As the loom is now my own, 1
suppose 1 havo a right to put in it who and what
Mrs. Willey rcroUv wished sho had r.over
taken a cheap boarder, but determined, if Iho
experiment tint not work well, lo give it up.
Nio provided a place for thu old furniture in
her attic, and quietly set herself about her u-ual
business, llndgct was building her firo pre
paratory for cooking her dinner, when a loud
voice called for her at the top stnirs Mis. Hay
begged her to ask .Mrs. Willey " if she would Imj
kind enough to send her a bit of cake for her
luncheon; nnil lliddy, if you Invo any spare
slices of meat left Irom yesterday's dinner, will
you bring it for Spot and Malta '! they are both
famished." And Mrs. Itay went into her own
The articles called for vvcro furnished, nml
Mrs. Willey mado no comments, when lliddy
gave in," She's no lady, savin' your prisence."
Mrs. liay next appeared at dinner. Sho was
dressed in a very elegant silk, " which had worn
beautifully. It was two dollars per yard, and
very cheap. Ono of the " matked down" stock.
She had worn it full tw month', anil there was
not a tl.iw in it." " Dless me," thought Mrs.
Willey, "my silk dress, which was purchased
at my husband's death, is just ns good as ever."
Again tlio cheap rate at which tier boarder was
hv ing sorely vexed her ; besides, she never saw
a person eat more voraciously. Mrs. Hay's re
marks, to s were not very conciliatory to Mrs.
Willey 's feelings. "I do declare, this seems
'ii' living. 1 always thought I should prefer a
private family, there aro no htlf cooked messes.
1 don't know when I have lasted ich a cup of
collce. l'ardon me, Mrs. Willey, if I tako mv
fourth cup ; and your steak is delicious ; I will
taku just a mouthful inoro of that tender pan,
the gristlo will do fur M dta. And may I taku
a cup of milk to Spot, with your leave V"
To all this Mrs. Willey 'stiar.gely assrntcd.
Mrs. Itay told all her friends what a delightful
lioirding place sho had found. She was furn
ished with everything, and charged but three
dollars and fifty cents per week ! In these hard
limes, was it not remarkably cheap'
The first tnunth had expired. -Mrs. Willey
had ljorne her miery like a marty r, and now
she demanded her payment. She made out her
hill, charging a dollar per week a head fur Spot
and Malta, and nine shillings for"cxtras," con
sisting of lunch, second suppers, fee., and di
rected llridget lo leave it for Mrs. Uny's inspec
tion. Madam llay adjusted her eye-glass better
than her temper w hen she saw the amount whii h
her cheap living had cost her. " Was she al
ways to he thus imposed upon, not only by
stranger", but, by one's own friends? Had she
not been served soagain and again t hcrpaticncc
was worn out;" and sho commenced discharg
ing her sentiments to Mrs. Willey.
" Now hero I am, a poor lono widow ; not a
friend has called upon me sinco I como in your
house, Mrs. Willey. With no husband or child
to protect my rights, with nobody lo lovo but
my poodle and cat, I have taken what you have
been pleased lo set bef'uro mo ; and now, look at
my revvatil ! These " items'' tell the story, l'or
clearstarching ono dozen underslcoves, so'venlv
live cents. Outrageous 1 I considered it only
a friendly act which your Hibernian did fur mu.
" Hoard for Spot," one dollar per week. Tho
highest price ever asked mo in " gentcf I board
ing houses" was but filly cent". And for tho
kitten, ditto. Itidicuhuis I I had better have
gono to a hotel." Mrs. Itay walked across
tho room with an elastic step.
"And J," replied Mrs. Willey, "took you
merely to oblige you. I havo since found you
were turned from your last quarters, on account
of your parsimonious habits. Tor years, Mrs.
Itay, I havo lived quietly alone my inconio has
met my liabilities; but sinco you havo been
with me, tho extra oxnenso incurred neatly
doubles my previous accounts. Tho price of
vour hoard at tnreo ntty per weeK, would not
havo paid for tho raw material. And why should
I sulfur nny discomfort on youraccount ? Why
should I abate a single farthing of what I ought
to receive, in order that vou may bo clothed in
expensive silks and Hom'ton laces, and ihussavo
money enough lo enable you lo visit Niagara!
Mrs. Itay, a cheap boarder always demands more
lhan a high priced one, for they aim lo secure
quite as good accommodations, nro jnst ns fis
Inlioiis in their food, and rcquiio quite as much
attention yes, more, for thu attempt to sivo in
i'iie way, in order to expend in another, makes
litem guilty of petty meanness, which soon nro-
vokes those who provide for them, nud being
goarticu uy mo ruiiectton tnat tney aio not re
ceiving their just dues, both narties becomo un
comfortnblo to each other. Now my advico to
you, Mrs. Itay, is gratuitous; hut I would change
my course, ami what you appropriate to rich
clothing, travelling, and keeping dumb animals,
1 should freely givo for my board ; and mv word
for it, yon will find yourself far happier than
you have yet been."
Mrs. Iiay affected to bo quito unmoved by
Mrs. Willey's remarks, but when wo next heard
from her, sho was boarding nt a comfortable
houso at tho rato of soven dollars per week;
having disposed of " Spot and Malta," and so
cured a laundress to starch her laces and collars,
and, although it took nearly all her incomo to
meet her expenses, yet she was brought lo ho
liuvo that, to suctiro llie good-will of a landlady,
sho must remunerate her properly for her board.
It is needless to add that this effort to " live
cheap" with Mrs. Willey broko their friendship,
ns it developed soino traits of character which
ever after caused a disaffection, that no further
acts could clfaee; and were I to point to tho mor
al of tho above tale, (which, ahis, is to true,) I
would warn two friends from attempting to live
together, upon tho cheap plan of securing a home
on tho scoro of friendship alone ; for all cxner-
ienco teaches that a fair compensation for all
services rendered, puts that friendship upon thu
umy puiiuaiiuiii oasis.
Why should a deed not bo dated in a plcn ?
Docauso it would ho in-valley-datcd (invali
dated.) Great events often make email men famous.
THE WONDERS OF CALIFORNIA.
Tilt; CAI.AVIMtAS oavi:.
A correspondent of tho San Francisco Ilnllc
tin furnishes tho following description of a re
nowned cave in Calaveras county, California:
Wc arrived about 11 o'clock nt Cave Citv. a
snn'l and almost deserted mining town where
the cavn i situated. This curiosity was first
li'covcred by Cant. Taylor in 1850, while shoot-
itp' nt a mark near hv his cabin. Alter rcstin7
a few minutes and taking dinner, wo proceeded
with our guiifo to visit tho dark leccsscs of -Na
ture. Tho first and main entrance is on tho
side of a hill atound tho nnglo of a jutting rock,
nhout ihreo hundred vards from tho town. This
nrtificid passago has been cut through the solid
rocK about eighty feet, It was with nnnelptl
feelings of awe, and wonder that I entered those
still chambers, which for thousands of years had
remained tindistiitbed by tho rude voico of man.
1 teit like an intruder upon the secret realms ot
darkness. As we arrived at tho entrance each
of us lit our torches, and commenced in proces
sion to grope our way with bonded kneo through
Ihe low anil narrow aisles lo the fust chamber,
which is called tho "Know-Xothing Lodge."
Tho ceilings are high, dark, anil iricgular, and
are unadorned hv stalactites.
Leaving this chamber, wo next enter "Dcgis-
tcr Hall," vv hero every vi'ilor is expected to im-
tnonalizo hu name by writing it with charcoal
upon tho smooth columns which lino tho high
ceiling. This passage leads lo"Colnmn lloom,"
whero there is a largo swinging rock, so nearly
balanced as to almost inovu by the touch of tho
hand. There aio several columns standing
which bear evidence of being worn out bv tho
leaping cascades of walerfrom above. Wenow
turn to tho left, and crawled our way through
tho " I'nhlo Passage" to the "Chapel Itoom."
1 Ins chamber presented many obiecls of curi-
trity and attraction. In tho centre arose a nat
ural altar ol sial.ignntes, whiln on ono side is a
niche (worn in tho rock) which verv much re
sembles a pulpit. The beauty of tins room, as
wen as many other parts ot tho cave, has been
much marred by visitors breaking olfand carry
ing away tho most beautifnl stalactites. I was
p,es.cd to learn that the proprietor has deter
mined to nrotect it from any further destruction.
a loin mo "cuajiei we uescenueu a sloping
passago to the "Lake. Tins is an irregular
chamber, at the bottom of which there is a lake
of clear cold water, which wo w ere informed
had been sounded ono hundred feet and no bot
tom had liecn discovered. Woamuscd ourselves
by throwing stones in iho water to seo the bub
bles rise long after they had disappeared in the
depths of tho clear water below. Hero wo rest
ed a short time lo refresh ourselves with a drink
fiom the pure crystal water of this fountain, un
reflected by the light of day and unruflled by
the pas'ing breeze.
.Next wo returnid and hastened to the "Ilish-
op's Palace." This chamber is irregular in form,
and is from sixty to ninety feet in extent. The
arched ceilings aro about thirty feet high, sus
pended from which aro huge stalactites of vari
ous form and color, from one to ten feet long.
Sovcral large ones hanging from tho centre of
tho "Palace," with numerous small branches,
present the appearance of so many huge chan
deliers, icllecliiig the light of our torches, and
brilliantly illuminating the gloomy recesses of
this world below. While admiring theso habi
tations of solitude, according to a socre tarrange
ment, cv ery light was extinguished. Tho change
(mm visions so beautiful to darkness to profound
almost startled my senses with fear and dread.
1 had otten groped my way through woods nail
fields hi the blackest nights, when every light of
heaven seemed extinguished, but not till now
did I ever fully iealizu the painful sublimity of
pci ic-ci silliness anu (larKness. At nrst there
vvas not a motion mado or a word snoken : nil
seemed attentively listening to tho silence of Na
ture. Jho ileath-hko s umber that for .i iW
had bound us was soon broken bv a son" of
praise, in which all loined with a real snint and
devotion. As the sweet strains of music were
harmoniously reflected from the dark arches aud
columns of this great cathedral of Nature, it
seemed as if I never before felt so impressively
the majesty of the Creator of all this grandeur.
witter tlio music had ceased one of our party fir
ed a pistol several times, the report of which was
deafening. As the founds revetberated and
echoed fiom room to room, till they died away
in the distance, they seemed liku tho mornings
of departed spirits.
Wu now relit our torches, and proceeded to
ascend our difficult and at times dangerous way
through tho "Secret Passage." This path has
evidently been worn out by the waler, which, in
mo rainy season, reudeis it almost impossiblo to
visit thu cavo. It is so low, in places, that it is
necessary to stoop and almost crawl to avoid a
collision with the projecting rocks above. Hut
mo visiter is richly paid lor all Ins toil in ascend
ing, as ho is ushered into the presence of the re
splendent beauties of the "Hridal Chamber."
The most imaginative poet never conceived or
painted a place of such exxuisito beauty and
workmanship. This room tho crowning object
of interest having been lately explored, has es
caped thu vandalism ot man, and now reflects all
the unblemished beauties of nature. It is near
ly circular in form, anil is about eighty feet in
diatneler. Some tho incrustations aro massive,
while others aro ns dclicato as tho lily and frail
ns wax-work. In color they reflect every hue
and expression ; some ato as white as alabaster,
while others are clear and sparkling us tho dia
mond. All seemed fresh and new. Indeed, the
invisiblo Architect has not yet finished this master-piece
of workmanship ; tho structure is still
visible going on before one's eves. Ono can see
iho water trickling down its tiny course, deposit
ing carbonate of lime toperfectlhedelicalo point
of some immense stalactite. Tho sides and arch
es aro clothed in a drapery of dazzling beauty,
rendering it indeed a fitting typo of a fairy bride.
Queen Cleopatra, in all her prido and beauty,
nev cr reclined in an apartment moio magnificent
than tho "Hridal Chamber" of this cavo.
Immediately above, and to tho back of this
grand apartment, and connected with it by a short
passage, is another room, called tho "Organ
Chamber," It appropriately takes its name from
tho arrangement of tho stalactites as a musical
scahi, upon which may bo produced notes re
sembling the music of an organ ; thu largo pend
ants corresponding to tho low bass wires, vvhilo
the smaller ones will produce all tho different
notes of tho higher keye. Tho various apart
ments nro so arranged that this is tho last room
to ho visited which is worth noticing. The clos
ing scene is exceedingly appropriate. After
feasting tho eyo upon the splendor of walls, arch
es, columns and pendants, ornamented by an
infinito Arlist, and having filled tho mind with
tho painful sublimity of 6ilcnco and darkness,
nothing could produeo upon tho senses a greater
thrill of pleasure lhan to listen to iho sweet mus
ic of nature echoing and ro-ochoing tlnough these
halls of solitude.
Reluctantly leaving this rreat ortran. still
sounding thepraiso of Him "whodoethall things
wen," wo retraced our faltering stens to tho
"Hridal Chamber," to tako a last lingering look
of its grandeur, dressed in a thousand iovoly
lorms. irom hero wo rapiuiy wound our lonu-
ous way up to tho oponing on the top of tho hill,
near winch tho cave was discovered. Ihe cavo,
in all its aisles and apartments, is nearly a tnilo
A YANKEE IN MISSOURI.
A writer in the Missouri Democrat, strikingly
illustrates, in tho following interesting sketch,
tho difference between Yankco enterprise and
tho indolent habits of men reared in slavo stales:
"Less than half a hundred miles from St Louis,
as I traveled through Missouri, I could but mark
tho tamo and quiet aspect of tho country, exhib
iting a sad want of cntcrpriso among the pcoplo
in that particular Neighborhood; fences almost
I.I I iilPI.1 HCi I" P.MW..SiUSHiW'W.I!S.IS1VsSJ.W
Foil one siiuaro of 12 lines or lets nonpareil lype, (do smal
lest Im usM,) tin lnf rllons Ui fr rich sunn unl In
scrtlon CO cents, Tho immlr of Instrttons must U1 Inarkcit
on all a'hinlsements or they srlll be continued until orlercil
out. Contracts will be mailo with advertisers Ir- th, col
umn or fractional parts thereof, nt liberal rat-s. Tran iei.c
advertising to Iw paid In advance.
For all Probate advertisements, excepting notices of sppllca
lions to sell real estate, $1.60 each for Uircc Insertions,
Post AOs i Tits VstiMosr rrmsax Is sent Into all the towns of
Windham County free of Postage. To any rt of this f win
out cf this County, for 13 cents per ycar elsewhere 20 cents
)ier )ear payments In all cases to be made iiuartcriy In
concealed in tho thick brush, grown up inside us
well as outsido tho field', houses of most som
brous appearance, wanting even in tho cleanly
show a peck of limo and an hour's work would
imparl. Looking at tho rich soil and pondering
thu unthrifty nppearanco of the country, I rodo
along in thu stillness of the morning, no sound
disturbing tho quiet, save tho occasional report
of tho gun ol soma hunterof petty gatna frup
or down tho valley ; in tho sounds themselves I
thought I found to sonic extent a solution of tho
question of why it was that land so fertile was so
badly tilled ; farmers wore out squirrel hunting
while tho spring time was upon them and tho
fences not yet repaired.
While I was meditating on iho chargo a few
yeaia will procuco in that region of country, a
pudden turn in the road brought mo to ono of
those beautiful streams of water found curved
among the hills overy few miles along my route,
and tho sound of a waterfall mingled vvi'h tlio
rattle, clatter, antl buzzing sounds of a mill sa
luted my cars, while a scene presented itself so
highly contrasting with everything in tho sur
rounding country, that the very contrast seemed
lo invert it wilh new beauties. There stood a
fine flouring nml saw mill, with numerous wag
ons being loaded and unloaded, horses receiving
and bsing relieved of their burdens, numerous
small hoys perched on the top of bags of meal
or flour, turning their horses heads homewards,
bringing to my mind tho wood cut at tho head
of a campaign paper in 1044; dozens of men
wero piling and handling lumber; tho wholo
scene, in fact, wearing nn unmistakable look of
bustle and business. a though tho energy of a
a whole neighborhood had been centered in that
a litllo further on, crowning tho summit of an
eminence overlooking tho scene I havo attempt
ed to describe, was a handsome tesidencc built
in modern slyle, neat and tasteful in every part,
w bile op and dow n tho stream, large fields of
wheat and green meadows wero spread out so
picturesquely that with my admiration thero
arose a desiro to know the possessor of such line
property. He was pointed out to mo by ono of
tho laborers; on approaching him, I was receiv
ed with an affable and courteous manner, and
was soon in possession of all the information de
sired. He was a native of Massachusetts, had
not yet reached middle age, camo to Missouri
six years ago, went to work lo start a manufac
turing establishment in the neighborhood whero
lie now lives, found no encouragement, but met
with every opposition, was denounced ns a Yan
kee and abolitionist, threats were mado to drive
him from tho country, influential men deliberate
ly went to work to organize a system to foment
opposition to him; he soon found himself with
out a dollar, but within him there was that which
is worth more than money there was will, a
determined energy which laughs at poverty.
Friends, for he had some friends even thero,
came to his assistance with a few hundred dol
lars, and on Mrce ncres of land, there in the un
clistuibed forest, lis began the erection of his
mill, soon had it up ancl going, paid ofl all his
liabilities, now owned eujht hundred acres of tho
fine land around him, he has been ofTered S20,
000 for his property, thought it not half its worth,
was improving it all the time, hired all his labor.
In answer to a question as to his political opin
ion, he answered freely, I am a free soiler, sir,'
and pointing around him over his fields ho add
ed, 'hero is eight hundred acres of free soil in
Missouri, and it shall grow to be eight thousand
THE LANGUAGE OF TOBACCO.
In our last week's issue wo addressed a few
words of advice and admonition to marriageable
females. We propose now to the marriageable
males a similar service. And as our request that
tho young men would not lead tho article which
we addressed, last week, to the ladies exclusive
ly, was strictly complied with (so far as wo caro
about knowing to tho contrary) we trust tho girls
will be equally obliging and polite and skip this
article. t'.s for Ihe gentlemen cxclusn-ely.
We wish lo assure our marriageable young
friends that of tho greatest obstacles in tho way
of their getting good and sensible wives is their
habit of chewing or smoking tobacco. It is tho
languago of personal indecency, coarse vulgarity,
evil associates, bad manners, degrading sensual
ity, and all unclcanliness. Many young men
are deceived or misled in this malter, because
young ladies arc too timid or too kind-hearted tn
express their sentiments. When asked, "Is
smoking offensive to you ?" they will often re
ply, "Not particularly," or "Not at all," or "I
don't mind it much," or "Oh, no; its perfecUy
delightful I" when tho truth is they hate it liko
poison, as it really is, and are half stifled vvitli
your nauseous breath.
Many young ladies notice that tobacco-using
is a common habit among young men ; they seo
no help for the evil, and hence, rather than be
como "ono flesh" with a creature whose mouth
evolves narcotio fumes and disgusting miasms,
they rcsolvo to live decently, if they die "old
AVe havo talked with scores of females, mar
ried and single, young girls and old girls, wid
ows, etc., on this point, and never found but ono
who did not detest tobacco-smoko and abhor to-bacco-spittlo;
and this one was an old woman
who had got into tho habit of smoking a dirty
pipe as a remedy for the asthma. Well, if smok
ing is proper for a man, why is notit proper for
a woman I Surely this can not bo a question of
Wo wero in conversation the other day with a
young married vroman on this subject. She is
twenty-eight years of age, and has only been
married a few months; and being every way an
accomplished and attractahlo person, wo inquired
tlm reason that she came so near being an old
In answer she declared (hat sho had, from
earliest recollection, such a constitutional antipa
thy to tobacco that she was satisfied sho could
never enduro a husband whoso breath was al
ways polluted wilh it, and she had firmly resolv
ed, at tlio ago of "sweet seventeen," never to wed
unless she could marry a swcot breath. Sever
al opportunities presented for a match, cligiblo
in all other respects j but sho steadily refused
them all. Afler persevering in her good reso
lution for moro than ten years she received a
proposat from a poor but respectablo young man
who did not uso tobacco, and accented him at
once. She says she can walk with her husband
in a puro atraosphoro ; sho can converse with
him without boing sickened at tho filthy state of
his mouth, and sho can sleep in tho cmhraco of
Morpheus, without being poisoned. Life II
tustrated. A Gothic Castlb undkr the IIammeii.
Tho death of tho late Earl of Shrewsbury has
extinguished ono of tho oldest titles in England,
which has been borne by tho Talbot family un
interruptedly sinco the timo of Henry VI. Tho
founder of tho fuuiily was tho cclebralcd John
Talbot, who figures so conspicuously in Shak
spearo's historical plays; and tho namo has al
ways been strongly identified with tho interests
of the Roman Catholic parly in England, of
which tho lato Earl was ono of the leaders.
The death of the Eatl, without heirs, has in
duced tho necessity of bringing under the ham
mer a vast collection of furniture, paintings, ar
mor, und all kinds of miscellaneous relics which
have accumulated for centuries in tho Talbot
family. Among theso are included tho armor
in which John Talbot, tho first Earl, encoun
tered Joan of Arc, and died under tho walls of
Poicticrs, and the banners which have survived
tho wars of tho Roses, or the Commonwealth, to
bo sold at last at auction to the highest bidder.
Alton Toners, the principal seat of tho family,
and which. accordin" to London, presents tho
finest combination of garden building with gar
den scenery anywhero existing; in Europe," h
now open for the purposes of tho suction.