Newspaper Page Text
TIII3 VEIIMONT PHCENIX
ll Published every Thursday Morning, l
OmCK No. flBARITE HoW, DwIMKIX'S I1L0CK,
tkihis,1 to nor year to (liiRle ulnerllir tl.SSpcf
i ri, i of 0 or more) In all en.es Cm u odMi.ee.
ye?,r '"' ',,,; lMinle to any authorial Agei.ts whose
aX'owWIed t thl.omce.
ac wio CIIAS1, OHMMINQS. Publisher,
P03r VOK. TIU3 VF.HV1UNT DldiSIX ll lent Into all
tl, 1 burns or Win lhara County free of Vintage. To any part
of HiU note out of tlile County, for 13 cents per yean else
whore lie cents per year payment! In all cases to be made
quarterly In advance,
Twenty-Eighth Vol.) Borenth of New Serios.
LIST OP AGENTS,
t . whim payment, for TUB VKllJIUNT 1-IltEMX, for 1861,
ntVsU J'r,l V-MAN llftlltl WjWer.Wil. 11.J0NF.S,
t iMFUCrli Marlboro. W. W I.YNUH, FnyttteTllle.J.
Ul-MM ciili " I William.,!!!, BAMUfcl. WBOWSl IJ.I
ii V WW HOUUIITON I itovlon'. Hlvcr, 0. W JAM.
nu.Tlll'U Caml rl Import, A. A. WYSIAN Somerset, 11.
" 8?.Mr.l.VIN A. KNOWLTON j Tow.,,.
I il ltt'rrKltFlKM) I WestTowiuhend, U. VV.l'AOl.;
Vn,n' AI)D ")N WIIITIIKl) ; Ward.horo, 1101,
I tsn IM Il rOSl Wardshoro, LIUF.IITY WIU.F.11;
VirlVlKir... I VV. KlliDi.ll: Wcstmlnsler, 11. C.
i Vsd W ... er West, 11. W. IIAMIII.lNt Whltlnpha.n,
II N U1V. J ,"k..mvlll-, ltV:nil.N IIATCUl Wilmington,
WBuJ S l'v, Wln.ll.an.. WM IIAIUIIS, Jlt. South
WlnlhnmlK.llA NF.IIOK, J 11. 1 ChcsUrllchl, N. 11., II. O.
ill" .inOB, llllule. N. li , O.J. AMtUO.N , Winchester.
N. II , K. M. KOIlUia No.tl. llcrnardston, Mass., N. P.
AD. & A. 0. NOl'RSE, Manufacturers of
. Dion, Sashes, and Klln.ll. ami Dealers In Lumber,
twain Mill tor I'laulng, Salnr, Moul.lii.gi, Sc., 4.C.
F.stry & Urccn's llullduiir,
MERTCAN HOUSE. URATTLEHORO,
T II 0 W V. ' S Victurc Uallcry
h . C...ispnlrpm 1'hntO'
graph.. Pictures mn'lo at this establlsliment are mounicu
by the llirsrentafeiilr.i mctlio Is ami are wurrantc.1 to stand
the test of time ami climate. llrattleboro, . t.
T)ILLIA1U) HALL, Cuti.ku's Hi.ock,
llpimslta llevcre House, BUATTLKDOllO, VT.
Wlnants CtlebrrttcJ Slate nml Wood lle.1 Taolcs, with tho
New StJ h Cushion. IT Closed at 10 P. M.
BHADLKY & KI5LLO0G, Attorncjs nnd
Counselors at Law and Solicitors In Chancery. Ofllce
opiHjslte tho llrattleboro House, Uratltlilioro, Vt.
J. l. Uradley. Oe... 11. Kellogg.
UTLRIt & WHKF.LEU, Attorneys and
Counsellors at Law and Solicitors In Charce ry.
J. 1!. Dutler. JI. II- Wlieiler.
i N. DAVKM'OHT, Attorney and Coun-
m tllor at Law una Solicitor in Chnnct ry,
ii-it iiivnrrtv vt
CHAHLES CHAl'IX, AUCTIOXEEU &
Agent to sell Heal Ktate. Applications front Hits and
neighboring t'in-ns will be attended to at short notice and oil
llrattleboro, .March J, 18J9. 10
C1 W. QKAU, M. 1)., Homeopath-
and Hydropathic Physician.
Oltice at his residence In Green Street.
YV. HOHTOX, M. 1)., rhysi-
! clau and Surgeon, No. 3 HUVe's Pulldlng,
cTunnivo ciittut! rr.'V a vii rt.',
'V . ch.uiic DfiitUt. 111 be In Jamaica frum the 1st till Die
btli. In UViton from tlie 8th till the 15th. uml In South Lon-
dotnlcrry fn-m the 15th till the cluc of each month. He will
trcut nil 11ipas"8 nnil lrr'j;u. irllles of Tcethi hIho Insert nrti
ficii.lTe.uti In unv mdnuertlcslrwl. All work none In the best
Btj lea ut liijr priiK'n iwl warniuU.nl ajulnst any fitlure in the
work, ltrmacish. 13. A. STMJIUN3.
Soutti LonJytulerry, Vt.
J7 MORRILL, M. IL, Homkoi-atiiic Piiy
J Kirux & Slaordx. I'lihcr's It lock, Main H. Office
h irs uritrinKii), 1 to a o'clitck P. M.
Kifirs tu J. F. U IHTTLi:, M. D , Nashua. X. II.
A. MOHUII.L, M. 1) . Conconl, N. II.
W. II. CIIAMltKKUN, M. V., Keenc. N. II.
S. M GATfi, M. D , AugusU. Me.
April. I860. 13
J? J . CAR P K XT E H , Dealer ix
i Toy i, I'nney O wttfj, Uoyks, SUttooery, Newspaper!,
il.14 uines uml IVrltxlIcuU.
8uiidcrfptl)iu recelvf-l for the Prlncipiil Newspapers ami
M ij uinej, nn.l furwunled by Mall or otherwise.
FLAGG i& TYLKR, Attoiinkym and Coun
sellors AT Law, WILMINGTON, VT.
17 M . FORRES, Attorney
JLli) asd Counsellor at Law ash Notaht Public,
WINClltSTKH, N. II.
Alio, Agent for the Atlantic and KocLlngham Mutual Fire
7 C. EDWARDS, successor to L. D. Salis-
JL i-urt, llix.lt UltiIer,atulMiuiuUcturcrorit1anklhoLs,
anl tleWr in all kinJt of Writing uml Wr.MM-ii.fr I'uhts,
llll TTLKIIUKOt T.
13- The hiiktit pricm in Caih paid for iajJi, Vutton
Jl'atte and ait kinds of Paper Hock.
T? J. UIGGINSON, M. 1)., Piivmcias and
JL Surgeon, (Jrem Street llllATTLKIIOItO.
1 EORGE HOWE, Attorney & Counsellor
ai uiwt una soiignor unn .n after in ciiHncery.
GF. G A li IC, Surgeon and Physician
Qftce No. 5 llrlck Uow, directly opposite IJriittleboro
Hume, Itruttlvhoro, t.
Keii'lettCf, i;illit St., 'M iloor West Revere Home,
N. II IX, Attorney, and Counsellor
. at Law and Solicitor in Chancery,
IN. THORN, Druggist & AroTHE
. ciar, opposite the Post Office, I'.IIATTLF.UOIIO.VT.
J II. STED.MAN, M. 13., Physician- an7
Surgeon, West llrattleboro, Vt.
Having had a professional es. Jierlence of nearly thirty years,
and b?lng familiar ultli the severul systems of practice in
V)gue at the Jiresent d ty, Dr. S. hopes to adapt his treatment
to the dem .nds of eatli indi. idual case. 2
P. WARREN, M. 1)., Physician-
i and Surgeon, I Removed from Favetteville.l llesl-
lUuce on (Jreen Street. Ollice in FisW1! Illock, Main St.
TOSKPII .STEEN'.llooksellcr, Pulilishernnd
f) SUtioner, corner of Main and HlghSta , llrattleboro, Yt.
T RETfING, CA11INET MAKER AND
fj Carver, M.tnufactun-r and Healer In all Winds of Cus
tom mate Furniture. I'lcture Frames of all descriptions ut
wholesale uml retail. Carving and Repairing Furniture
deue ttt tlnrt notice, ami h11 work ttarratited to give tatUUc
tlon. Corner Main and High btretts.
iS: II. ESTERIiROOK.
linuftlCturers and Dealers In LniDire Ptate. Victor.
Htev1it, and (leneiee Valley Cook Stoves, I 'a r lor and Hon
Stores and Hot ir Furnaces.
Alsoi L'hir. Cultivators. Ho ad Semners. Churns. Iron
SI tks, RustU and Kiifrtidh Stove I'lpe.anJ all kindiof Stove
Furniture, Japan anl Common Tin Ware.
No. 1 Kxchatigf KlocW, RRATTLKBORO, VT.
T If. KATHAX, Dr.ALKR in VERMONT
tf and ITALIAN MAHI1I.K, MARULK ami SLATK
MANTLKS, TAIIL11 TUl'C, BOAllsTUNK FIKKl'laCKS,
OlbTKRNS. SINKS, Ac.
MU.NCMKNT8 and 1IKAPST0NLS on hand and made to
or i it, -3u timet en t ieij(Hi lor monuments and tlabs on ex
Mltlftn Ut thoso lrlshlnir Ui purchase.
All wrk warruntd ft gw s.iiiif.iction In price, quality of
Ollice oppoiity the Flour Mill near the Railroad Croitluc.
Hrattleloro, lh-c 6, 1900.
LG. MEAD, Attorney and Counsellor
at Law, practicing In the Courts of Vermont ai.d New
H.unpihire, Aukm orsntsETXA trt (mutant Cvrnta
ny, ltd 'Vindnm County Mutual Jo, Alio, Agent to pro-
tuir i ciiaiuiia, hiiu uuuuir L.anu. i-oin miBniontr lor lite
fititesnf New York aud New Hampshire, California and
fi 11 K V. X- VAKirQ T
-i-lX In the rear of th llrattleboro House, ifulii Street,
T)0ST & PH ARSON, Dkntistr,
JI n.V ..articuliir attl'lltlnn In lh tin.a..vallin nf I..
n.tural Tth. Also, Insert Teeth on O j'd, Platlna, llubber
or ailrar Hat,uso Klectrlclty In estractlnir teetb.and treat
fi'S ' '" 'I'U'en's Teeth .ueee.srully.
U.nas anl ItislleiK. nearly upposlt. the Congregation. 1
Cliuroh f iriutr residence of the late O, O. Han,
I. N. PZAHSOX
J ainmnaciurcr nnti Denier
JL In I.adl... , Mls.',Chlldren's and Hoy's lioots.ghntt
O EWELLMORSE.PiticrinAi. SiAin 11 .n,",.
ij er. Shop at Hwln.ll S. nils.'. urAr n,e )rJge, Urattle.
TtrooncocK & vinton. i'tlcr .,,,
V f icturer.. All kinds of Prlntlnn p,, m,j, ( or.
.Ur. Cash paid for White and Drown Kaii. Lraltleboro,
WM. S. HOUGHTON, Ilnrnes,,
T I .ruiai.. 1 sins ai.uuiawm.vi, mik v.arrius. rni
la.r, CUT.VBY, VT.
UtlATTIsBllOUO A CAD KM V.
ABOA&DING and day school
for Boys and Young Mon.
Mn."& Mu. A. E. LEAVENWORTH,
riMIH SECOND SESSION WILL OPEN
I on Wednesday, January Olh, 1801. The tVch.ol Is now
full, anil, as but few vacancies will occur, application sliouM
bs mnle early. Address,
li. A. I.KAVKN'WOr.Tll,
H'ttl Urattltlioro, VI.
Nor. 31t, 1800.
J. D. BURNIIAM & CO.,
"Wholosalo Tobaoco, Tea, Snuff and Softnrs.
GENEUAI, SUIM'LY STORK,
213 Slnle Street,
tE7"Ajrt.'nts for the Virginia Plug Tobacco Manufacturers.
Sept. 7, 1800. 0m37.
MISSES MAUSII & BALLAltD,
Hare Just recelrcd a targe and rich assortment of
Sl'ILIMi AM) SU.M.MUIl
which they will H happy to show to their customers
at their rooms In
Main Street, llrattleboro, Vt.
' DrcuvMnklun lonr nuliranmp plncr,
III Miss S. N. 000 DDI. I,.
April 27, 1800-tfl7
BRiVTTLEHOHO VALLEY MILLS.
The subscrllicr lias cliarpe or the above 51111s,
W1IEUE 1IK1S PHEl'AItEl) TO 1)0 ALL
T kinds of fusion. Milling In the very best manner,
r.irtlci.lnr iillrulloii (ilrrn In mtliliiu
Exlra Family Flew for the Farmers.
always on hand for sale at the lowest market price, FLOUR
by the Car loud, AVuRon load, llarrel, or Hag.
All kinds of FKKI.and M KAL for sale at the mill and de
livered to any part of the llllgv, FOR CJSIl.
W 12 KASO
OITice on Main-street, 2nd door below J. Stem's Uookstore,
nearly opp sttc Iliph-slrcit.
Uratllelwro, Oct. 1, 1SW. tf-3
rpniC UXDEHSIGNEl) respectfully informs
X the cltlii'iisof llrattleboro' and vicinity that ho lias
rented the Dental Ib.ius l.tely occuplnl by Dr. Comcys,
over IV. V.. Kason's Flour stoiv, where he a HI be pleased to
see any who may be in need of the str ices of ft lienlht.
' I. N. I'KAIiSO.V.
Ilrattlfb iro, Aug. 8. 1800.-1132
IFTEEX THOUSAND ROLLS PAPER
HAN01N03. fnewlnow in store and receiving direct
from the best manufacturers In the United Slates,
For nnil' svliolrnalc nnil Krlnll
DECORATIVE, EMHOSSED AND VELVET
NICK ASSOKTMUNT l'Al'CIlS FOR SIDU LI0IIT3.
I'A I'KIl CURTAINS & CURTAIN fJOODS
Kverybwly who thinks uf buying Papers this Spring should
not fail of looking tLrough this stock.
Llbtral Divounts for cash on large bills.
M. T. VAN DOORS.
March 2j, I860 12
JAMAICA LEATHER COMPANY
CUSTOM MADE BOOTS
Kxprcssly for the New England Trade.
All work warranted.
Prices to suit the times.
I,. X. KIMIACUE, Aili'iit,
tf.40 JAMAICA, VT.
COPARTNERSHIP. Tin: VNHKitsi(iXi:i
J h-i.e form?.! a co....rttiersliil under the name and style
.,t nVF.UF.rr K IIUOKIM and wil. continue to carry on
th.. Illacksmithlnir at the ol I stand of W. II. IIVKItKTf.
Sliooltu and everything in the line of III tcka.nltl.ll.tf will
lie done In better st le than at any other place In the county
for casli, and casn only, for It is octler lor you un every
one to pay the cash when the work Is done.
i . ... ... r.ii... i,
u fount'. r.iiOKKS.
llrattleboro, June l'i, teoo.
P. 6. All bills duj the unlcrslgned must be paid without
iti.y. vt. li. i:vi:ui:tt.
Juae u, idou. ujs
'HO COUNTY COMMISSIONERS
roiVX AGENTS IX VIMIMOXT.
rhewell established limmrttiiK house of CHAS. IIACKMAN
83 Front-strett, N'eiv York, lias made extensile sale of the
best description of pure Wines and l.binors 'u Town Ageuts
It. this Suwt Justly earning by the character of the goods
sold a reput ilion Tor selling nly pure liquors and at reason,
able prices, which fact should not be u. erlooktd by those who
arc required bylawtopurchi.se and sell none but genuine
Annllc.ition for floods may be made to C1IAS. BACK-
MAN, 83 Front-st., New York, or to bis Agents, M. Vt'.
IHIKW. WM. 11. KIIWIN aud T1I0S. HLL1S, who lire nil.
thorlzcd to solicit orders.
P.eference may ba made In regard to the character and
standing of the Houses and to the superior quality of the
KUtt A Kli ill .tur.itt uiw, fro., o. uneiiiisiry, u. t .....
S W.TIIAYKIt.M. I)., Dean of Med. Faculty, V. V. M.
YY. CAIll'KNTK , M P., 1'ron.ssor do., U. V. M,
J. T. PIKIICK, Agent, Iturllngton.
JAS. MITCH 1: 1. 1., Commissioner Chltlrnden County.
Ci'Alll.KS DAVIS. do.
W. 11.11 llltlllllAM, do.
II. STOWKI.L, do.
CALVIN UI-ODOl.Tr, do.
A. PKAKCK, do.
Clll;STi:it SPKNCKIl, do.
1IAKNKS FltlSmi:, do.
GKOHQi: FI3IIKH, do.
A. 11. (Hl.tlOIti:, no.
IRA GIFFOIII) do,
It. II.1IOYT. do.
ATAVOODS1 QUININE AND
be Ural Aioiiiiiiic Toiilt' rr odVrril to I he
HKCOMMKNDBI) UV TUB FACULTY
For its Superior Medicinal Qualities.
fTMIIS i:li:oant compound which has ki
i cured the confidence and endorsement nf iiu.st .f t(.
ladiiirf Chyslclans of New England, is a pulatuble and rill
cint f rrni of ftininet containing all the perulUr virtues of
rr.mi t ix ii uiv, cirtiuny citmoinen wun v.ir.ouf forties
and Mtomachic. and cannot fail to metlthe wants of thy do
H ts a mild tonic to (tie stomach, Increasing tho apetlttf,
asslstlnn digestion, pre-eminently gool in dysipsla, strength
cuing ani invigorating to itio uigesuve and nervoui systems
after prostrating tliseasdst and in fever and ajue, or kindred
compl.ilt.ts, its aid Is Invaluable.
for iiiarrhiLM, dysentery and cholera morbus, tha puMIc
ay rest assured there is nor can be anv betUr ireiienil rem.
line orthe very tH.-9t rhyslclans In Ronton has said "that
it m the bstt preparation of lUttern that has eitr betn
offered to the public."
I'ul up in half pints a well as quart buttles, In order that
an may convince intmseives or iu superior merits.
For full particulars tefereuce is made tu the printed circu
lars, rus tui-B or
CHARLES II. AT WOOD,
10 Central Strott, llostmt, aud by Druggists cvtrynhere.
A. DL'NKLKK, Agent, West I.rattleloro.
Itoston, Sept. 1, 1SG0.Iy30
O 0 II E S T E R V LOUR!
a. V y
Justrecelvednnd rorSalebylhesubscrlWr.lOOIlbls double
.xtra Family Flour. r . 11. r e.car,N llj-.N.
Oct. 'JJ, uml 10
VO It S A la 15.
TisiTnl 1 III; suOscniH'r oiior lor nio inn niaco
J''IPll tltualetl In the west part of Chesti rlleld, N. II op.
JT.JVri ... ... ....
pusite liuinmerslou I)eot, and uuout six miles rrom the vil.
age or llrattleboro. Sal.l plnca consists of almut two acres
of gool land,a good sbry and.ahalf H0rHK,and WooUhed
and llarn, Also, a Store occunied by the subscriber as a
Grocery Store. Also, the Ferry wills good Iloats, (formerly
known as Smltls Ferry.) The above olfers a rure chance fur
any ierson who wishes to live easy and make money. For
further particulars Inqulreor the subscriber on .ne premises,
It. II. IIAV1S.
Chc.Urfleld, N. II., Aug. .10, 18C0 S9
FOR SALE, ON OR IIEP0RE THE
FlIIST 11AV OF AI'IUI, NKXT, A 1)KSIIIAIII.K
Oottaire Ilouao. Barn and thrltlv Fruit
Uarclen, wrii suppii'ii win. v at Ml mm an in gocw repair,
oleasantlv locallil ou Chase Street
For terms, ic, enquire of J, IIOYT ou the premises or at
r.stey Bt ureeirr.tieioiieon suop. 1.1
rtOMMERCIAIi NOTE PAPER. JUST
VJ reoelved a large luvolee of Crtjttat Sprinu. F-ntplre,
and I'liuinlf Note Paiers, which will be sold very low for
vasn, or it aue Itags, at tlie i.raii.euoro jmmjk hwtv, iy
Jan. 1,1681 I J STBF.N,
1ATAI.0QUES OP THE 11RATTLED0R0
VllLlCK Lidbiov tor sate Price zor-euts at
The linnqull pnthos or tlie sul.jolncil plcco 11 nils nn
npproprlntc expression In Hie cct nnil placlil (low of
TUB TWO VILLAGES.
Over tho liver, mi tho hill,
Moth n vill.iRo white nnd still
All iirmiml It the forest trees
Shiver nnJ whlper in tho breeze)
Over it aalllnp liuclows ro
Of soitritiR hawk nnd (.crrnmliie crow,
And mountain prnsse", low nnd sweet,
Urovv In tho nildrllo of every street.
Over the river, under tho hill,
Another village lleth still
Thero I see in tho cloudy night
Tu inkling stars of household IIrIiI,
Fires thnt gleiini from tho smithy's door,
Mists that curl on tho river shore;
And In the road no grasses grow,
Fur the wheels that linsten tu nnd fro.
In that village on the hill
Never Is wiund of smithy or mill
The houcs nre tlmtcliod nlth gnus mid flowers j
Never it clock to toll the houist
The muiblo doors nre ulwnys shut,
You cannot enter In hall or hut i
All the villagers llo nlecp
Never n grain to sow or reap ;
Never In dreams to monu or sigh;
Silent uud Idlo nnd low they lie.
In thnt village under the hill,
When the night it us slurry mid still,
Many n wenry soul in pruj er
Imk's to the other village, there,
And u coping nnd sighing, longs to go
Up to that homo I'ruin this below J
Iings to sleep In tho forct wil.l,
Whither li.ivc vanished wlfo nnd child,
And betroth, praying, tills nnswer fnl It
"l'uticncc ! that village shall hold yo nil I
THE CniOAQO DETECTIVES AND TUB
ADAMS EXPKE3S nOUHEIlY.
(from the Ilotton Journal
The iirogicss of tlie trinl of tho Atlami V.x
prcss robbers, nliirh lias just resulted in tho
conviction of Andrew I.. Roberts. Louis Steh-
bins uml l'oiter Kellogg, hits revealed one of
the most ingenious ooltl nnu sueces.lul crimes
on record j that the Adams Express Company
have exhibited a remarkable degree of ability
and liberality in ferreting out the perpetrators
of the robbery, and that the whole affair has
been thoroughly sifted to the extermination of
a nest of most desperate rogues who have laid
various plans of operation, in various parts of
the country. Hut the manner of bringing about
this lesult has scarcely been brought to light.
The inside working ol the investigations, the
progress of the detective operations; in making
the developments upon which the criminals
were apprehended, has not been levcaled. It
was expected at the commencement that these
revelations would be made by some one of the
detectives, and a great deal of interest was ex
cited to the case thereby. The prosecution,
however, supposing they had evidence enough
without further encumbering the minds of the
court and jury, and by request of the detectives,
whose interest it is to avoid personal publicity,
refrained from presenting it, excepting in so far
as it was necessary for Mr Hangs to give a few
links in the chain of evidence.
Hut by the favor of tome of tho detectives
we are enabled to lay befoie the reader a brief
statement of the Chicago detectiv e organization,
and their proceedings m the case of the express
company, as illustrating their general mode of
The Chicago detective force consists of some
fifty individuals, a few of whom are females,
half a dozen being located in Chicago perma
nently, as managers nnd cleiks, and foity-fivc
arc immediately connected with the detective
business in all pails of this country, the Cana
das, Australia, or wherever their services are
required. Allan Pinkerton is the founder and
sole manager ol the lorce, which was orgnmzetl
on the present plan some eight vears ago. An
evening spent with Mr Pinkerton und some of
his associate detectives, convince us that they
n ro men of intelligence and rcmurknblo lor
clearness in understanding human nature. The
director in particular appears to have been a
student of the world, and understands thor
oughly the vaiious casts of mind with which he
is constantly coming in contact. As show iny
the system with which he goes to work, h; had
b.'cn reading in Hulwer's novel the murder of
I'.ugenc At am, scoring the salient points ot the
account, which he explained would bear upon a
murderer in high life, whom he had been liv
ing to discover, and who he supposed would
evince some remorse ol conscience, as iu the
novel, These marked passages, the detectiv is
are required to read, in order the better to un
derstand the position of a man in similar cir
cumstances, nnd how to approach him.
Mr Pinkerton himself is n plain man, hardly
displaving outwardly the shrewdness for which
he has so wide a reputation. Hesajs that he
scarcely ever goes to New York, or any great
place, without being taken for a "greenhorn,"
upon which all the "ball" or "patent safe" nnd
such confidence games are attempted. He en
joys these things highly up to a cei tain point,
when he turns the tables upon the confidence
men, nnd they beat a hasty retreat.
The rules of the detective establishment are
strict, and all upon entering the force must
make a wiitten agreement to nhido by them.
One of these rules is that, on taking n case for
investigation, they pledge themselves to relin
quish all rewards that may have been offered
Jiir its success ; they arc simply to leceive n per
diem. Each man has to make n complete rec
ord of eachdu)'H work, accounting for every
hour in tho day, for everv act, and giving the
fullest possible history, all which has to be sent
immediately to head-quaiters, thereto be en
tered upon the records. Then, of course, tho
stiictest confidence and secrecy is enjoined, let
ting their real character be known to but very
few. When they are engaged upon a case like
this, for a company, they allow but one or two
men of that eompanj to know them. On mak
ing the contract, the director specially declines
to have any of his men go upon the witness
stand, although he almost alwajs waives that
stipulation afterward if the cause icquires it, as
iu this case, when Mr Hangs gave his testimony.
So, though Mr Pinkeiton has attended upon
this ease, been in court every da), sat at tho
public table at the crowded Sterling Hotel, and
been among men in tho streets, he is scarcely
known to it dozen men here, anil even the ar-gus-eved
reporters are inquiring for him, and
conclude that ho has left. These precautions,
of course, are necessary in a measure to the
success of their plans.
Mr Pinkerton discards entirely the idea that
it takes a rogue to catch n rogue. On the con
trary, a man with the least dishonesty or want
of promptness ii detrimental to lain would
upset in a moment a plan based upon the in
vestigation of weeks. When n new man is tak
en in, n watch is often kept over 'him by his
brother detectives, whom he does not know.
His theory is, that where there is a mind capa
ilo of committing crime, you may nlso find in
nn honest man a mind nearly its counterpart,
and that the latter can gain the confidence and
discover the guilt of the furmer. Hence ho se
lects his detectives from diflercitt classes of so
ciety of vaiious educations, habits and incli
nations disc-aiding all distinctions of religion
and politics, nnd only inquiring for their hones
ty and capability. He can theicfore select from
his force tho person most fitted for detecting
anv class of criminals.
The operations in the caso of tho Express
robbery perhaps illustrates as well as any tho
course they pursue, and a shorthecount may not
be uninteresting, in connection with tho late
trial, though it would bo impossible to go 'into
nil the details. In tho first place some ono out
side of thu forco wns sent upon the ground of
mo ronoery, to collect all the "outside" l.ictsuo
could. Upon these facts, Mr Pinkeiton set
himself to study tho jmihuhUitita in this case.
It will ho seen tn have becnadillicultone, when
. it is known that all the employees of tho road,'
BKATTLEBORO, VT.: JANUARY 31, 1861.
including Stebhins, hail been examined and ex
onerated, nnd that the Company had offered a
reward of 85000 for the apprehension of the
rogues, tho boldness of the deed having con
vinced the company that some professional thief
had done it. Having examined tho facta, Mr
Pir.kerlnn sifted tho matter down to this : that
some one connected with the train must have
had n hand in it, and from the evidenco in tho
company's examination, it lay between Stebhins
and tho conductor of the train. Hut, Mr P.
nrguctl it could not have been the conductor,
who, if he had any propensity to steal, could do
so in fares from the company. Ho fastened
upon Louis, nnd from the complications in the
robbery, saw that he must have had associates,
who could most easily be discovered through
A detective was put upon him first to discov
er what were his general habits nnd what socie
ty he kept. This rev ealed an unusual difficulty
to commence with. The dilliculty of the inves
tigation depends n great deal upon the number
ol n suspected party's associates. It was found
that Stebhins was a counterfeiter, nml was in
the habit of frequenting houses of ill-fame,
which crimes, having nothing to do with this
case, only served tp throw obstacles in the way,
from thu number of confidants they necessarily
gave him. Five "shallows," as the tlejcclivcs
term themselves, were . et.' put upon his track
two in New York, one ostensibly employed
on the train with him, one somewhere on the
route, and one in Hoston. He was "shadowed"
thoroughly from his house to the depot in Hos
ton, and on his arrival again from tho depot to
his house, or to his various haunts. On the
train, his everv movement was known. When
he arrived in New York, a shadow took him,
traced him to tho hotel, or to the vaiious jilaccs
of resort. He quickly suspected something.
They had followed him to the house of Roberts,
in New York, several times. Stebhins one day
saw tho shadow follow him there, went in ami
cot Roberts to come out and expostulate with
the suspected individual. Of course the shad
ow was ignorant of all suspected intention!
About the same time he suspected something
wrong in Hoston. At the depot, on Washing
ton street, uji to his very door, to the saloons,
the same pair of eyes was 'pon him. lleing n
man of fine appearance, on the Sabbath as he
paraded about town, Stebhins took offence, and
resolved to face the intruder. So, procuring a
policeman to keep sight of him to save him
from personal v iolcnce, he turned about and ac
costed the shadow verv abruptly one day, with
"What are jou following me for?" The shad
ow was very much astonished at this sally, and
demanded to know very gravely if Stebhins in
tended to rob him, and what was his name?
Stebhins was rather confounded at the manner
of his shadow, and probably concluded that his
fnars were only the result of conscious guilt.
At first he hail been very careful about spend
ing money or talking. Hut, becoming reassured,
he began to let himself out. They followed
him mote frequently to the house of Roberts
and to suspicious places. It was necessary,
however, to make frequent changes of shadows.
Strong suspicions centeiing upon the Roberts
brothers, a room next to Samuel's house was
taken and occupied by the detectives, and every
mov cmcnt of the suspected parties was watched.
It may be as well to state that during all this
snailowmg other parties were watched anu lol
lowed tin. It is nlwnvs nocussarv for them to
feel their way and to leave not even the faintest
mark of guilt uninvestigated. Though they
found many criminals in other directions, none
could be implicated in this after a fair shadow
ing. The books of the detectives would show
a curious record for some patties who little sus
pect that their private history has been written.
Time passed till in the month of July Steb
hins had a furlough. It was necessary to watch
him more sharply and into new channels.. He
had not entirely got rid of luiking fears of be
ing lolloneil lor a purtse. jic wou'ii iokk un
usual paths nml bv-wats to arrive at his destin
ations; he would jump on and off the forward
platform of the horse cars while in full motion,
and would sometimes take a carriage and order
I it ilr.ven verv ranullv. so that it was with the
utmost difficulty that he could bo followed.
During his furlough, Stebhins visited New-York.
It was then for the tirat time that, still tracking
him, he was found in company with Kinney, at
the Litter's place. Stebhins also paid n visit to
Maine about this time. He was shadowed to
Gardiner, -Hallow-ell, Augusta, Togus Springs,
and other places where it could be done. He
got acquainted with a railroad conductor in
Watervillc, from whom the shadows learned
that Stebhins had given the impression that he
was conductor of a New York train. Every
move of the shadowed party was carclully writ
ten in the ubiquitous note book even the mon
ey he spent and where ho spent it. Coming
back from the tour in Jlntne, the shadows were
with him in Hoston and New York and upon
the train, also studving, iu unaccountable ways,
the life and associations of Kinney and the
Soon after the five hundred dollar bills were
returned tu the Atlantic Hank and were traced
through the L'niod Hank at the Alfied Hank
A description of the party who had changed
the money in Alfred in company with Andrew
Roberts, was obtained from the cashier of tho
Hank. It was put into the hands of the shad
ows, and proved to bu it complete picture o
iunnov, alil.migrt-frc-li.iu tune there under the
name of llakcr. Now light began to beam up
on the caso; it was necessary to wotk faster
aud bolder; from shadowing them as strangers
they must produce an effect as friends ; it was
necessary to gain their commence, .vir. nangs,
who seemed to have direction of affairs in New
York, therefore openly entered the saloon o:
Sam Roberts, wheio Kinney, Andrew Roberts
and Stebhins frequented, introduced himself as
Iiaker, and appearetl to bo "hale fellowl well met,"
witli the proprietor, by whom lie was oltervvnru
made acquainted with Andrew, llie propriety
01 rumpling tlie name ot linker win oe seen
when in thu course of conversation, they in
formed him that they knew n man by tho name
of linker, who had recently been on a visit to
Maine with Andrew to buy horses. Mr. Hangs
being acquainted in .Maine, could talk with
them in relation to matters there, and thus Ut
ile links iu the chain of development were dis
Hut Kinney kept shy for a time. One day
Mr. Hangs, now Iiaker, was in tho saloon, and
the conversation turned upon u horse trot com
ing off at Fashion Course, L. ., at which An
drew Roberts nnd Kinney were 'to be. Of
course the detective saw a good chance to com
mence with Kinney, and ho made arrangements
to be thero also. He was there, and Roberts
presented him to Kinney ns an old friend and
associate. The detective noticed the playing o
Kiniiev's countenance when ho was presented
as Haker. To make sure of the indentity of
r! .. ..... ii... .. ,
..iu persun jYinui-i us iuu iiuKCl wuu i.asseil
tho money, tho President of tho Alfred Hank
was present at tho trot, and kept sufficiently
near to notico tneso proceedings.
In this way tho detective develnned the trull:
of the case, being with them frequently, enjoj ing
their pleasures and apparently consenting to all
incir pians. hui u wouui no n fruitless task to
attempt a faithful transcript of these operations,
Mr. Hangs says that if he hud had n few- days
lunger nu wuuiu iis.u fui su jar as to live in
tho Roberts family ns n hoarder. So far had
ho insinuated himself into their good graces
that tho prclimlmuries for that arrangement hod
been made, Hut it was evident that they must
striko vvhilo tho iron was hot, nnd bring the
whole to a culmination ns soon as possible.
Several months had passed since the robbery,
and time would bo likely to obliterate certain
points ol evidence, aa, on tho Ulltlt ot Uc
tober, Andrew and Samuel Roberts and Kin
ney were arrested. Soma of the stolen nron
crty was found upon them, as demonstrated by
Soon nfter, Kinney made his
confession, which still furthei corroborated the
result of these investigations. Kellogg wns
also arrested, under circumstances as related in
tho testimony. The money on tho Langdon
Hank, which Krllngg was charged with having,
was traced through different channels to the
lands of ono John 11. Hammond of Mount
Morris, in Western New York. This Ham
mond appears to be nn eccentric genius, from
his testimony in the case, which convulsed
Court, Jury and crowd vvith laughter, through
out his account of the visit of the officers to him.
Mr. Hangs went to Mount Morris, took n con
stable, invited Hammond into n room, nnd re
quested to know if he had any Langdon money t
to which ho said it was nu unfair question, lie
consented to bo senrehed, and look off his coat
and vest ; but when they wanted to go further
in the search ho protested, and declared his
readiness for a "tight or a foot race." The
parties went before n lawjer for advice, and
Hammond savs that he wits advised to "show
his hand ;" that the legal gentleman impressed
him with the rigidness of the Yankees, who
thought tho Yorkers might ho described ns
"going nbout with n hymn book in one hand
nnd n halter on the other; if they couldn't get
a singing school, they'd steal a' horse ;" nnd
that if they took him down tho Connecticut,
'incy would hang htm on suspicion, nnd if the
rope broke, would knock him in the head with
nu nx 1" The result was that the man gave the
money up to Mr. Jiangs, and informed him that
Kellogg had sent it to him.
1 bus the Inst link was obtained, nnd the chain
of evidenco was complete. The wholchad bevn
done by the detective, nnd the criminals were
brought to justice. Though this case has not
required such hhitrn inside practice as some
tlie Alabama case fur example, where n Shadow
was thrown into prison upon a pretended
charge, and succeeded in gaining the confidence
of tho thief sufficiently Jo warrant the latter in
disclosing tho hiding place of over $10,000,
with the understanding that it should be used
for his (the thief's) own benefit yet the various
localities and culprits connected with it, nnd the
extent of its ingenious complications rendered
this one of tho most difficult cases ever un
raveled. LINCOLN'S CABINET-EDWARD HATES.
From the Alljny Evening Jonrnat, Jin, 10.
Fourteen vears ago n circumstance occurred
which, if it did not prove that we vveie "born to
good iuck,'" at least showed us fortunate in ac-
tidcntially making the acquaintance of n gen
tleman eminent in talents ami virtues, mat
gentleman was Hon. Edward Hates. The .cir
cumstances were, that upon the adjournment of
the Chicago River and Harbor Convention, in
presiding over which Mr. Hates "won golden
opinions," we left in the steamer St. Louis for
an excursion to the Falls of St. Anthony. The
steamer was etovvded witli distinguished and
fashionable people, among whom were the late
Philip Hone nnd tho late John R. Peters of
New York, the late Rnswcll Colt of Paterson,
N. J., (leorge W. Clinton of Hufl'aln, C. C.
Trowbridge of Detroit, John L. Schoolcraft of
Albany, eve., t.
Mr. Hates concluded to join the party at the
last moment, and being indifferently berthed,
and not quite well, Capt. Wheeler ins'istcd upon
that gentleman's occuiiving his own state-room
a spacious airy saloon, into which he had
previously (an old habit of steamer captains
"Joe Coin stock" did it ou the Baltic) installed
the writer of this "soft impeachment."
Strangers, thus thrown together by accident,
we passed the first day and night like English
men, without speaking. Hut ou the morning
of the second day wo fell into a familar, pro
longed, and, to us, most instructive and agreea
ble conversation ; and with such intellectual
communion we need hardly add that a week
f;lidcil away (tlie weather and surroundings tie
ightful) most idcnantitly. That week daguer-
reotvped Edward Hues indelibly upon oiirrcj
fnr.l nnil mrisnrv.
In 18 IK, when Gen. Tav lor was elected Presi
dent and Mr. Fillmore Vice-President, while
our relations with Mr. F. were close and confi
dential, nnd after Gen. T. had stated to Mr. F.
in n letter that he should rely on his knowledge
and experience in forming his Cabinet and in
administering the Government, nnd while, just
befoie leaving for Washington, we were think
ing and talking over for the Cabinet, we m-
prcssat tho ice-rresment elect with the wis
dom and impottance of inviting Mr. Hates into
the iniuuct, nnd he leu Albany Willi the inten
tion of asking Gen. lav lor to do so.
Now that Mr. Lincoln has invited Mr. Hates
into Hi Cabinet, and that the invitation has
i accepted, the people are interested iu
ving "what manner of man" he is. This
eunosiiy is tne more natural Horn tlie circum
stance that, though all the while an eminent
member ol the bar of St. Louis, it is more than
thirty vears since Mr. Hates was in public ser
We venture, therefore, to publish the follow,
ing letter, which, while it explains the circum
stances that evoked it, was never intended for
the public eve. W c hazard little in assuming
that tho.e who read it will be quite rcudy to ap
prove .vir. Lincoln's selection ot a Cabinet
St. Louis. Aug. 9. 181
Tt)'illUIlI.OVV Wi;i:i), esq. Dear Sir: I take
it for ceitain that I am indebted to your person
al courtesy for n copy of The Albany Evening
ouu nun ol uatcild July,
In me it were mere affectation, not to say
stolid insensibility, to pretend that I am not
plcascd and gratilied very highly ot the com
mendations so unexpectedly heaped upon met
and the rather, when I consider what manner of
men and of presses they are who think fit to
volunteer such commendations. Not only your
able and efficient paper, and your powerful
neighbor, The Argus, but almost every paper of
boin parlies, upon tne long waier-uno irom
Chicago to New York, havo chosen to make
honorable mention of me, and to indulgo in
eulogies more expressive ot Hip generous en
thusiasm of their respective editors, than of
any particular merit in tho somewhat accidental
subject ot their praises. I know lull well how
this result has been brought about. I attended
the Convention, nameless, and distinguished in
nothing from thu thousands that composed the
mass. Thero was probably not n man present,
ol ii0 years old, who was personally known to
so tew, as i was. uaiieti to trie chair by acci
dental circumstance, and without design or pre
meditation on my pari, tne uonvcnlioiv expect
ed nothing from me, and I expected nothing.
nnd hoped for nothing beyond the discharge uf
tho common duties of the' place in such manner
as to no no injury to our great cause, aim to in
etir no just censure. 1 ho Convention, by its
wiso moderation, having put down nil nnpear.
anco of party spirit, and having thereby ac
complished all its objects, with entire unanimity,
nnd with n cordial harmony at first unhoped
for, wns in tho best possible humor. Tho mem
bers, delighted with tho work they had done,
ond pleased with themselves, were overflowing
with the milk of human kindness. It was my
good fortune to act in this auspicious moment,
and to launch upon this flood of good feeling.
I gave them something, when they expected
nothingi nnd thoy, carried away by surprise
moro than by pleasure, exercised toward mo,
without measure or calculation, that "charity
which believeth all things." This viovv of the
matter does, in my estimation, in no degree di
minish the vnluo of tho meed that has been
awarded me. In this viow I appropriate and
enjoy it, as tho most cherished honor of my
life. To tako literally tho compliments that
havo been made to mo would produce a feeling
rather of humilation than ot pleasure, for I
could not do it without being abashed by the
conscious certainty that they aro undeserved.
In tho paper which you d'id mo tho favor to
send J on have copied, with approval, several
paragraphs irom llit lmyaioMimung r.xprtss,
which profess to give historical facts touching
my political relations and acts twenty years ago.
It'is no matter ol surprise that even n journal
so intelligent as I'iC Express should fall into on
error when attempting to trace tho course of
one so unknown nnu unnolicealile. I hoc arc
several erroneous statements in those para
graphs, which arc now of no manner of interest
to the public, and to me not of sufficient impor
tance to make me desiro a public correction.
Hut the pleasant acquaintance which it was my
good fortune to make with you recently on "tlie
Lakes," begets in me the desire to give jou in
dividually tlie true versnn of one passage which
is incorrectly stated in lhc J:xprcss,am adopt-
elected in the Summer of 1820 or "21 nu-ninsl
.. j uc t tint unit n is sniu oi me: "lie wns
Mr. Scott, nml in the expectation that he cvuld
oppose the Administration nf Mr. Adams, lie
voted for Andrew Stephenson for Speaker
against John II'. Taylor." It is true that in
1820 I was elected to Congress against Mr.
Scott. All the rest is turned upside down.
Certainly, no man in Missouri expected me to
oppose Mr. Adams Administration. I had
voted the Adams ticket against the field, and it
was notorious at home that I desired tho re
election of Mr. Adams, and that Mr. Clay
should succeed him. It is truo that a powerful
party, with Col.itcmon nt its head, denounced
Mr. Scott for casting the vote of Missouii in
favor of Mr. Adams; and is nlso truo that
throughout the canvass, upon all fitting occa
sions, in the pi ess and on the stump, I defended
Mr. Scott on that vote, and disclaimed all de
sire to beat him on that ground.
It is an entire mistake to suppose that I voted
for Andrew Stephenson for Speaker. Having
known Mr. Stephen! on all mv life, I had no
HiiViYof temptation to vote for him. I voted
for John W. 1'ajlor not that I knew nnvthing
about Mr. Tav lor personally, but he ha- been
an acceptable Speaker in n 'House that had mv
sympathies, and was well thought of by the few
old fm nils which I had about Washington
such, for instance, as James Pleasants of Vir
I observed in your paper, and in several
others, intimations concerning me, which, how
ever llattering to my vanity, nflord me no real
pleasure, it is intimated that upon the acces
sion of tho Whig party to power and responsi
bility (which event, I trust, is just at hand) I
may be expected to render public life, and take
a more conspicious place in the Government.
'l have had such thoughts
And noble aspirations in my ijtn.th.
To make my mind the mind of other men."
Hut they arc all gone. Twenty vears ago by
a fortunate compulsion, I was driven from pub-
ui, iu Miimi; ill... j UIII I1UW JIIlM II1U UlCriUlilU.
My opinions of men and measures nre settled
and consolidated, and my habits formed and
stiliened to the standard of pfrofessional and do
mestic life. The passions, we nre told, grow by
what they feed ou, and perhaps the converse is
nlso tine. I have had no official food these
twenty years, and certain it is I have lost mv
aspetitc for that sort of aliment. 1 assure you,
fair, in nil sincerity and truth, that if the Whig
party weie dominant to-morrow, I should not
seek, nor expect, nor desire to receive, any pub
lic station whatever. In my present condition,
there is no ollice in the gilt of price or people
that I would accept, if freely tendered. And
this feeling does not arise from any silly pique,
nor sullen disgust, produced by the thwarted
projects and disappointments of my youth, but
is the natural result of my social position and
domestic relations. 1 never had the gift of
foi tune-making, and now n large family are de
pending for support and education upon my
professional labors, Next month my vvife,cx;
pects to present mewith the fourtecnth.child,
and her first is barely twenty-three jears old.
And so, Sir. you perceive that at home. I. am
a sort of captain, with a whole company of light
Infantry under my rrtmmand, whose physical
nccraMiii's nnd moral discipline may well afford
employment for all the intervals of professional
labor. And jou may well suppose that a man
so circumstanced should not he very ready to
launch upon the stoimy deep of politics. I
have no thought of doing it. As far as my
feelings of personal pride are concerned, I am
satisfied. The approval of such n bodv of men
n- the Chicargo Convention, and the generous
plaudits ot the press upon that occasion arc
fame enough for me. The measure of my
vanity is lull.
And now, Sir, I pray jou, pardon this Ion;
lett'i'i it is wiitten to vou peisoinlly not to
your paper. It is wiitten in pleasant rcmem
lirance of the formation of our pleasant ac
quaintance, and in gratitude to you and to many
other editors (some of both political parties) who
have been pleased to do me so much more than
justice in regard to my late public service.
With great respect, I remain,
SLAVE rnorEItTY IN THE TEItRITO
HIES. Oil the 12th of August, 1848, in the Senate
Chamber, .Mr Webster said:
"What do they (the slave-holders) mean by
'property?' We certainly do not deprive them
of thu privilege of going into theso newly
acquired territories with all that, in the gener
al estimate of human society, iu the general
and common, and universal understanding of
mankind, is esteemed property. Net nt all.
The truth is just this. They hav e in their own
States peculiar laws, which create property in
to Persons. They have a svstem of local leeis-
lation on which slavery rests ; while everybody
; ... , ..... .. ... .
ngrccs uiui it is ugaiusi natural taw, or at least
against the common understanding that pre
vails among as to what is natural law.
"The real meaning, then, of southern gentle
men, in making this complaint is, that they
cannot go into the tenitories of tho United
States, carrj ing with them their own peculiar
local law, n law which creates property in per
sons. This, according to their own statement,
is all the ground of complaint they have. Now,
here, I think gentlemen aro unjust towards us.
How unjust they are, others will judge; gen
erations that will come after us will judge. It
exists only by local law. I do not mean to de
ny the validity of that local law where it is es
tablished; hut I say it is, after all, local law.
It is nothing more. And wherever that local law
does not extend, property in persons does not
exist. V ell, sir, what is now llio Uemaml on
tho part of our southern fiiends? They say
'we will carry our local laws with us wherever
we go. We insist that Congress does us un
justico unttisticc unless it establishes in the ter
ritory iu which we wish to go, our local law,'
This demand, I for one, resist and shall resist.
It goes upon the idea that thero is an inequali
ty, unless persons u-der this local law, and
holding property by authority of that law, can
f;o into new territory and there establish that
ncal law to tho exclusion of tho general law.
Mr President, it was a maxim of tho civil law,
that between slavery nnd freedom, freedom
should alivajs bo presumed, and slavery must
always bo proved. If nny question nroso ns to
the status oi an individual in Home, ho was
presumed to bo free until he w as proved to bo
a slave, becauso slavery is an exception to tho
f;encral rule. Such, I suppose, is tho general
aw of mankind. An individual is to bo pre
sumed to bo free, until a law can bo produced
which creates ownership in his person. I do not
dispute, tho forco and validity of tho local law,
as I have already said ; but 1 say, it is a mat
ter to bo proved ; and therefore if individuals
go into any part of tho earth, it is to bo proved
that they nrcuot freemen, or clso thpresumpton
is thnt they are.
"Is thero nothing to bo said on tho other
sldo in relation to inequality ? Sir, from tho
ditto of this constitution, and in the counsels
that formed and established this constitution,
sulH,c.,uo,,t Insertion, TOcent" Th. VSZ'S ,', J?Ch
must marked all ..trmml'oMhVy0.
t nud until ordered out. Contrset. all ,1. . , ?!
advertiser, by column Ktl","' !.,?.
"wee ' T"n"l':",',"r,,,m" tobe psH te ad!
For all Probate adrcrtlserKuls.eicertlns notices of xmii..
$1.60 each for thnr. Insertions .,
For notices of labi-ratlom. Kslrays.tl,. formation and disso
lution of Coiwtncrshlps, Ac, fl each fr three Insertion..
If sent by mall is.e money mtm accompany the order.
For nesurss Cimv In the first coltaim from (3 M to 18 0i
per year ftcrordlna; la the space thy occupy,
mid I suppose in nil men's judgments since, It
is received as n settled truth, that slave labor
and free labor do not exist well together. I
have before mc a declaration of Mr Slason, in
the convention that formed tho constitution, to
that effect. Mr Mason, ns is well known, was
a distingushcd member from ViiginU. Ho
says that the objection to slave labor is, that it
puts free white labor to disrepute that it caus
es labor to be regarded as derogatory to the
character of the frce white man, and that the
free white mnn despises to work, to use his ex
pression, where slaves arc employed. This is
n matter of great interest to the free Stales, if
it be true, ns to it great extent it certainly is,
that wherever slave l.ihor prevails, free whito
labor is excluded or discouraged. I agree that
slave labor docs not necessarily exclude free la
bor totally. There is free while labor in Vir
ginia, Tennessee and other States, where most of
the labor is done by slaves. Hut it necessari
ly loses something of its respectability, by tho
side of, and when associated with, slave labor.
Wherever labor is mainly performed by slaves,
it is dcgi ailing to freemen. The freemen of
tho North, therefore, have n deep interest in
keeping labor free, exclusively free, in the new
"Hut, sir, let us look further into this allcdg
ed inequality. There is no pretence that south
ern people may not go into territory which
shall be subject to the ordinancqjif.lTST. The
only restraint is that thty shall not carry slaves
thither, and continue their relation. Thej- say
this shuts them nltogcther out. Why, sir,
there can be nothing more innccurnte in point
oi tact than tins statement. 1 understand that
line-half the people who settled Illinois are peo
ple, Or descendents of people, who came from
the southern States, and 1 suppose that one
t ird of the people of Ohio are those or de
scendents of those, who emigiatcd from the
South ; and I venture to say, that in respect to
those two States, they are nt this day settled by
people of southern origin in as great n portion ns
they tire by people of northern origin according
to the general numbers and proportion of people
South and North. There are as many people
from the South in proportion to the whole peo
ple of the South, in those States, as thero aro
from the North, in proportion to the whole peo
ple of tho North. There is, then, no exclusion
of southern people ; there is only exclusion of
a peculiar local law. Neither in principle nor
in fact is theie nny inequality."
Judge Douglas, in 1850, said:
"Hut you say that we propose to prohibit by
law your emigration to the Territories with your
property. We propose no such thing. We
lecognize your right, iu common with our own,
to emigrate to the Territories with jour prop
erty, and there hold ond enjoy it in subordina
tion to the law j ou may find in force in the
country. Those laws, in some respects, differ
Horn our own, as the laws of the various States
of this Union vary, on some points, from the
laws of each other. Some species of property
are excluded by law in most of the States, as
well as Torritories, as being unwise, immoral,
or contrary to the principles of sound public
policy. For instance, the banker is prohibited
irom emigrating to Minnesota, Oregon, orCali
fomia, with his bank. The bank may be prop
erty by the laws of New York, but ceases to be
so when taken into a State or Territory where
banking is prohibited bythe local law. So, ar
dent spirits, whisky, bra'ndj', allthe intoxicating
drinks, are lecognized and protccted'as'proper
ty in most of the'Statesrif.not.allof them f but
no citizen, whether from-.the .North or South,
can. take' this'species of propertj'"withhim, and
hold, sell, or use.'jt at, his plcasiii.ejn.all the
TcrriforiesJjeMusirit iiTprohibited liy the local
law in Oregon hj-'tho statutcsof theTeniforj-,
and in the Indian country by the acts of pn-
Nor can a man go'there' and hold his
for tho . saiiTe "reason. These law s arid
many others involv ing similar principles, are di
rected against no section, aiid jmpair ihe rights
of no State in the Union. They- are laws
against the introduction, sale, and use of specific
kinds of propertv-T'Avhetlier-Jirought from tho
North or the South, or fro'm'foreign'countries."
THE IMMENSE PHOFITS OP THE SLAVE
A correspondent nf the New York Times,
writing from on board U. S.' Frigate Niagara;
gives some important information concerning
the slave trade, based upon reliable information
received at Loando. Speaking of the immense
profits of the trade, he sajs :
The price now paid by the regular Cuban
trade on the coast is from $00 to $80 per negro,
which being paid for in barter reduces the cost
fully oO per cent. ; and I was assured by a man
in the business ut Loando that the blacks would
sell on an average, irrespective of age and sex,
for $1000 apiece the day they were landed in
Cuba. Deduct expenses of every description,
and thero remains at least 800 per cent, clear
profit, while sugar and tobacco are still going
up in the market, and tho demand for slave la
bor constantly increasing. In fact the only way
to check or stifle this infernal, inhuman traffic
is to apply the moral garrotte to the throat of
Spain, or'clse keep a cordon of lively steam
gun-boats around the islands w hero the markets
There is now on board this frigate a man
shipped in London, who was the steward of tho
slave ship Erie, recently captured by the steam
er Mohican. From this individual, who is a
Dutchman, I have gathered the following par
ticulars: The Erie was built ot Southport,
Conn., for a Swedish skipper named Knutzen,
who after devoting three years in trading voy
ages, finally carried n cargo of coals to Havana,
from Shields, when he sold his vessel to ono
Walh for $14,000. Most of the crew remained
on beard. The slave furniture was shipped at
night nnd stood in boxes in the lower hold, and
tho ship sailed on the 11th of last April, under
the command of a man calling himself Capt.
Gordeon, of Portland, and n Spanish skipper,
the latter of whom died in Africa. On reach
ing tho Congo, thev possed up one hundred and
eighty miles from the mouth, where, after lying
61 days, they receiv ed on board their black car-
My informant further declares that there was
$40,000 in doubloons, secreted in h false bot
tom of the supercargo's trunk ; which escaped
tho search which was mndo by tho officers of
tho Mohican, amongst the personal effects, and
which trunk nnd money were afterwards landed
at London, on the an'ival of tho prisoners at
that place. This money was taken in before
leaving Havana, and was intended to pay off
tlie ollicers nnd crew of the Erie, as soon as
they sighted the island of Cuba on the return
voyage this being tho contract made with
the owners at Havana. The steward's share
was to have been $3 a head for every slave alive
in tho vessel when in tight of Cuba, and be
fore landing, while the remuneration to the crew
was fixed nt $3.
At this figure, tho steward would have pock
eted about $2i()0, and tho sailors $1500, to say
nothing of n small venture tho former had no
hand in, or to use his own words, "four as likely
nigs as ever was clapped eyes on, and all pur
chased with on obi silver watch with rusty
wheels. The vessel and cargo valued at a mil
lion of dollars I that !, by the sanguine ow ners
on board, beforo tho Mohican desired them,
through tho medium of a round shot, to heave
Kishi-v bit not Seductive. Wo received
n packngo of tho 7Yi last night, with this in
dorsement: "Returned from Columbus, Georgia, where
the proprietors would bo hung were they to
show their heads."
Wo shall not "show," under such circum
stances. We would not go half that distance
for the promised reward. A'. 1'. IVmcJ.