BRATTLEBORO, VT., FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 7, 1884.
ftjjc if txmwt fjljame
(lad TKHMO.NT UKCOItll AND KAltHKR, null 1
rDBLliniD ETXBT TBtDAY BT
FHENOH & STEDMAN,
Titnua In adrince, per year, fl.COj If not paid
IMtcs or ADTtRTismo farnlabed'on application
lilrtli. Death! and Marrlaaea Dublithed nt-sUls Obit
uary Notices, Carde of Tbauka, etc., 78o per loch of
12 lines or has.
tiMtrtd at tht Dratttehoro Pott OJlce as 9econdctant
O. L. FEtWCH. D. H. 8ltDM.11,
(leneral Inturanee and Ileal BttaU Agent.
ltspreeentlng uompanlea whoae Aaaett areover
TENEMENT!) TO LET.
Agent, for IliBoooK Flat Exiinuuishkks.
Office In Starr h Eatey's New li.tik Block, cor. Malt
tuu x.uiot atreeta,
WillLtou Block, Brattleboro, Vt.,
i'rartlcee In all the court., makes collections promptly,
ami iuibih luuucj uu wriieru mortgage..
If 1. IIOLTUX, M. I
LJL. 1'UYSICIAN AND SU 110 EON,
Offlce and residence comer Jltln anil Walnut Bt,.
At uome irom 1 to u ana from 0 to 7 o'clock r.u.
K. ALLE A CO..
. DEALEllS IN LUMHElt OF ALL KINDS,
11)1 flat street, llratlleboro, Vt.
TAME CO.WjhANU, 91.
PHYSICIAN AND HUltllKON.
Umce In Crosby block, over Vermont NatlonalBank.
Office hours 8 to 9 A.M., 1 to 3 l'.H.
llcstdence 19 Main at BuiTTLlBoBo.Vl.
. Offlce and residence 37 Elliot St., Brattleboro,
unice nours oetores a. at.; t to? and o too f.u.
BURGEON AND HOMCEorATHIBT.
Offlcotn Leonsrd'a Block, Elliot Btreet. Omcehours,
1 :30 lo"3 :oo and 7 :00 to 9 :oo p. at. Special attention
given to cnronic nitrates.
TTAflKlHH A lllniinAlllI,
EL ATTOilNEYS AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW
and Bollcltora of Patents, Bbattlkbpho, vt.
Ttr L, IlKttI. Hoaie ami Bleu Painter. Or
aomining, raper Hanging, etc.
ITU Qrtcn street, BratUeboro, Vt .
IT C. nOLNTEIl.
fj FIUE IJiHOKANCE AGENT,
T71 sX. OAltPE3ITKn, Market Block, Elliot
hi. Dealer in mya, rancy uoode, uoots, ia
tlonerv. Newananera. Manazlnea k. Periodical. Bob.
crlptiona received for the principal newspapers and
magazines, aoa lorwaraea py man or omerwise.
BIlOOKft IIOL'NK IIA1II nEM.
XtOOTI. Mb. JAM EH G. COOK, for
tnerlyof the Parber Uouse, lloaton. Firat-cUeewora:.
Itoom in rear or note, oince.
STEAM FITTER AND PLUMBER,
Brittli boho, Vt.
Steam Pipe and Fittings aad Steam Heating appa
ratus famished and pnt in. Steam boilera and en-
oiapm rtnstr.l. All lobbing ID tola 1 06 promptly It-
tended to. Water piping and Flomblng done in the
C. EMTAHIIOOK. JK.(
Honae Tainting, draining, Taper Hanging, Hard-
wooa x lntinitig. wo
J. II. MERUIF1ELD,
It. M. SHERMAN,
Vermont loan & Trust Company
OnA!CD FORKS, DAKOTA,
Red River Valley Farm Loans,
Searing 8 to 9 per cent, interest, net.
Foil particulars, wltb references, furnished on .im
plication, uorreeponaence soucucu. .a
171 1. WHITE,
1J. SIOUX FALLS. DAKOTA,
Heal Estato and Loan Agent.
East.rn parties dcalrlng to loan money or Inrest in
! In IhA ornwlnir ett of RlonZ FsllS. Cannot
do better tbtn deal with me. I shall endeavor to deal
honestly and fairly with all who may do bntlneea wltn
me. and at a fair rate of commlailon. Address E. P.
WHITE, Blont Falls, Dsk., Dox 1177.
Refer h nermiatlon to editors of this paper, to S.
W. Kimball of Brattleboro, and to either Dr. drey or
Dr. Tntts or Bioot t ana.
IT MAY CONCERN.
And It concerns all Intending to
Tho following Letters wcro rutllshed In
The Christian at Work, tho leading religious
pnper ot How xork, Bomo months since
That they attracted great attention is proved
ly tho following editorial notico which Boon
after appeared in that paper:
"Tho publisher of Tho Chr 1st an at Work
has been asked If tho letters published in this
paper, by Dr. J. H. Schenck, of Philadel
phia, wero genuine In reply lio says, that
his representative has Been tho originals of
every letter at tho office of Dr. Schenck, In
FROM P. TURNEFI, Jr., BINQHAMPTON, N.V.
Messrs, J, II. SciiENCK&SoN.rhtladelphla.
Gentlemen! I havn r-nncluilixi that It t
my duty to writo you in regard to tho groat
benefit I havo received by tho uso of Dr.
Schenck's lncdlclnca. Ono and n-half yean
ago 1 wai very sick with what my fricmii
tho Lungs. The disease began with a heavy
cold, im worst symptom being a dry, hacking
cough, which was almost continuous night
and day. Soon after this I began raising a
thick yellow matter. Being exposed to all
kinds of weather, by working at my trade, I
caught additional cold and grew worse, until
I was obliged to glvo up all work. I at this
tlmo had tcrriblo pains in my lungi, and was
noon attacked with severo ntght-sweab. I
men nn ino cougn remedies nuvcrtiscu, 1 be
lieve, before I heard of your remedies. They
wero first brought to my notico by reading
your book on "Consumption and Its Cure."
I used all your medicines; that Is, tho Man
draks Fills, Beawcod Tonio and Falmonio
Byrap. I lelt their beneficial effects from tho
first. They gave mo strength and they gavo
rno omictlte. and in a vcrv short lima mv
cough was looker, nnd soon after disappeared
nitogcincr. i uegau to gain iiesn, too, and in
tho courso of two montlu from beginning
their uso, I was very near well. I am now
entirely well, and, bellevo mo, very thankful
that I found your medicines and took them
in lima to savu my me. i snail lw pleased to
havo any ona call ou mo in regard to my case.
Yours truly, P. TUKNEIt, Jr.,
Cor. Henry and Liberty Sts.,
Oct. t3. 1SS1. Bingbanipton, N. Y.
CURED OF CONSUMPTION.
rillLADnLPHIA, Jult 10, 1882.
Dr. J. II. Sciiknck.
Dear Sir: I have been verr sick, and was
told by several of tho In-st physicians of this
city that I had Consumption, and could live
i.... -t . ,i.nn t : i t.t i
uubuBtiuii. iimu, i wus uuvim.'U uy u irionii
to consult you, which I did. Under your
treatment I improved rapidly, nnd am now
enjoying perfect health. I expected to die,
my symptoms being all very bod ; had hemor
rhages, night-sweats, and n hacking cough.
I believe vour treatment saved mv life. I'lcase
accept my sincere thanks for all you have
done for me. Shall recommend your remedies
whenever I meet any one aOlicted as I was.
I remain ever gratefully and respectfully,
ANNIE W. KITTENIIOUSE,
043 Kurtz Street, Philadelphia.
FROM MR. HARLEY P. HOPKINS, PROVI
DENCE, R. I.
JTefo Cured of ConMumplton by Tr. SeUenek'l
Jledleinea, nflcr being given up to dta by
tome of Uto belt lhyician of the City,
Dr. J. II. Scdesce.
Dear Sir: I bavo been cored of whatthroa
of the be?t physicians of this city told roe wu
Consumption of tho Lungs, by the use of your
medicines. I was first attacked with tho disease
in October, 18S0, and although I wu from that
tlmo continually under tho care of a pbyricisn,
l grew worse sou worse, umu at i x wu con.
fined to my bod. I can hardly say that I was
first attacked with tho diteasu In 18S0. for my
lungs had been weak for many years previous to
tris, and 1 would quito oitcn nave severo pain
in my breast, if I took tho least cold or exerted
myself too much in any wny. I grew worse, my
cough bocame very bad; I had night-sweats so
severo that my bed, through tho night, would
be as wet as though water had been thrown over
me. I was continually raising blood and large
quantities of oScnsivo matter from my lungs,
ana ai ia.-i uau au ino wcu-anown svcipioms ui
Consumption in its last stages.
At tho request of my family, my physician called la
two other doctors of this city, and thry, after an ex
amination, agreed that my cats was hopeless. They
Informed my wire that 1 liau Defter ue lou mat icouiti
not live, as my time would be very short for arranelng
my woiidly alTalrs. They also said that no medicine
would I of any use to me. The next day my friend,
Mr. II. 1. Leith, hearing of my condition, sent me a
bottlo of your Pulmonic Syrup, thinking It might
relieve my cough, and make my expectoraUon easier.
1 began Ming it, never even hoping that It would car.
me, but finding great relief from 1U uie. Vtben the
nrtt tiottie wat gone, i sent sou got more; so t con
tinued It until I had used seven or eight bottles. All
till, time 1 was In bed and was to weak that I had to
be lined. Ihla was not a difficult thing to do, however,
as I onlv welched about ninety pounds. As 1 have
Mid, 1 commenced the ute of the medieln. with no
CHEAP FOR CASH,
To call at South Main street Store,
Piper's old stand.
And all kinds of Goods
usually kept in a first-
class Grocery Store.
Having had some experience in
nuking i snau mane
G. B. DICKINSON.
thought of ita curing me, tut after taking the eighth
KOttia 1 wouiu onieumei leei a iiiiio uunerj, m luiog
I liacl not Ixfore done for many months. I omitted to
TO CASH BUYERS OF
DRY GOODS !
We know that many of the advertisements of the
day are put forth In glowing colors and that when
nn on tn e the cnoils im find that thev are far dif
ferent from what yon were led to expect. Wo ahall
Iry and make a change In this. On all of the gooas
we advertise we shall try and give yon Jntt the whole
truth, so that when we hsve any apcclal thing cheap
and tell you so through the psper, you can believe It.
Just com. In and see for youraelvea on the .specials
we advertise this wees.
We have a ladlea' Merino Vest at 39 cents, the same
thing thst we sold last season for 00. We shall have
. onH.m.ni thlrt tntt aa chean In a few days. Also
a full Hue of the celebrated Bennington Underwear
In both ladlea' and gentlemen-, up to tne oest ocerict
Also Children's goods. Coup 1
We !,. r,itl Krmftf both Ladies' and Children's
Cloaks aud Dolmans, and you may be aure the prices
will be so low that yon wiu Deaurprisea.
The biggest bargain yet In White Blankets. 10-s
S J.IO, Jl-a SJ.OU. los at mem I, JUl uuu . neu.
Choice Prints, S cents, all good styles.
Scarlet, Orey and Check ahlrting flannels from 13
U Oil C.Utl.
9 Kew Pieces Carpet at the tarns low price.
A few remnants Oil Cloth, Just the thing for stoves.
Alto Oil Cloth Mats, all tires.
On the oounter you will find box ailed with odd
tltaa Hnlh T.ilU.en1 rihlMpen'. IIOtA at 1 0.12 Vf and
19 esnta per pair, Also box of Bordered Towels thst
are marked In plain figures. Cheap to close out the
More Hamburg Edges at from 10 to 38 cents.
Also full lines of Dress goods tod Shawls.
(Jcods will ho cheerfully shown and
you will not uo urgeu
to liny !
Thli powder nerer Tirlei. A marre! of purity
treniith tod vholenomeneee. More economical tban
the ordinary iloda, and cannot be aold io competition
with the maim tide of low teat, ahort weight, alam or
phoiphate towdera. Sold onlv in ean.
3T-32 HotaL BiitNfl I'owdib Co., 104 Wallet., it. Y
mention that after taking four or fire bottle of the
Pulmonic syrup, I aiao ignn un-nfc ine aeaeea
Tonic, and IiIm took aome of the Mandrake Pills.'
It is needlcu for me to giro you an account of all
my feelingadurIngmyrecoery. Of couraeitwiwalow,
but it waa alio turn. I gradually galoed atrength, tho
character of what I reived from aty luoga waa changed
not being ao oenme ana at im 1 aoie 10 get
up and walk about my room. From thia time my re
covery waa rapid. I gained fleati tut and aoon went
out door, and now I am entirely welt, a wonder to all
my acquaintance who aaw me when I waa ao low. Z
BalrrK nr.. tinnir(xl ftnit atTiV.lwn TVllinitsl. anrtt-tltsl
Rood, and lean truly aay that I netar felt better In my
life. I conilder your medicine h wonderful In their
effects. They hare eared my life, and I feel ao thankful
to you that I am anzioua that all who axe anfferlng
wltn lung troubles inoniu mow uuw guw tuaj tuo.
It isntirsin T ran eiwa A better account of CIV CkMO in
telling of It than Tn w tit log, and If any who read tbli
are iatercited, they are welcome to call on ma at my
re.ut-oce. Yonra truly.
1IAHLEY P. HOPKINS,
No. 2 Uowell St. ProrlJence. XL X.
my 27t 1331.
ir nitirr P. HomiNi. who writea the foreirolna.
letter to Dr. Schenck, of Philadelphia, la an old widen I
of Itvnr.ilpnr i,an Known I11U1 writ iur ma hi
fifteen year, and I can aaiture the public that all ha
ha written in regard to his sickness and recorery la
strictly true. He was considered a ConsumptlTe, lu
friondt. sud I believe that his recovery ia entirely doa
to the use of Dr. Scbeuck medicine.
H. I. LEITH, Druggist,
No. 282 N. Main St, Providence, B. I.
May U, IS3U
FROM TO WAN DA, PA.
Dr. J. n. Sqiexck, PhllaJelphla, Pa,
Dear Sir :- was taken sick In the Kail or 1869,
but managed to keep up and at xaj business for
two years. Finally I had to ccaso work altogether
for over a year. Ibadanackingcougn amnoume,
and when the weather wu damp I could scarcely
pet my breath. Hearing of your medicines, I
Sctermlned to glvo them a trial. I used tho pul
monic Syrup. Seaweed Tonic and Mandrake PUts for
some time, until they cured me, and (since then
have had gooil health all tho limo.roy lunga being
apparently sound. I llleve that I had Coniump
tlon. I have great faith In your medicines, aud
would urge anwno uxe buhchhs
plaiuta to use them. Yours truly,
an. 13, 1BS2. Or McIntvbe & Spencer,
Carriago Manufacturers, Towanda, Ta,
DR. SCHENCK' S MEDICINES:
f3 PULMONIC SYRUP,
Are sold by all Drogtrlats, and 'full directions for their
oaa are printed on the wrappers of ejery package.
ts sent free to all, wt-pald. Auarvsa,
im, i it.
lilt lioolc on Gonsumntloo,
llw.nar.ala 1 KB tit frsW tit All. tMI
Ur, J, ii tichenclc A Hon. FbUadelpbl
FLOUR, GRAIN, FEED,
BALED HAY, AND SALT.
Wa .mm nn extra harcain in
sacked FINE MIDDLINGS to oifer
for a low days, we consiuor mis
tho cheapest feed wo have at tho
nrif n wn nrn scllinc for.
inrirn ini, til nuukuu iiiivxxjsi
WHEAT IJItAN duo tho last of
this month ; anu as moro is more
flinii ivn rnn Rtnro. WOWiil COlltraCt
to deliver on arrival at extremely
low prices. HAY
delivered to any part of tho village.
Hmnomhor that wo keep all
rerniins of FLOUR, and you save
S5c a oarroi uy geuiug jour uum
hero tor casn.
VALLEY MILL CO.,
Jfemr Xlrpal II. XI. !roislr.
BE8T THING KNOWN
IK HARD OR SOFT, HOT OR COLD WATER.
BATES IABOll, TIME .nil BOAl' AMAZ
1NOLT, and jtros unt.ersiil iatlsfactlon.
Ko famllr. rich or poor should bo without It.
Soldbr all Grown. BJSWAltEof Imitations
well deslpied to mltlesd. PEAHLINE is the
ONLY SAPH labor.tSTlns; compound, ani
sltrsri brl th abovo symbol, and namo of
JAMf.a PYtX. NEW YORK.
An Old Soldier's
Hay 3, 1SS2.
" I Tish to express mj appreciation ot the
Tftluitblo qtulltles of
Ayer's Cherry Pectoral
as a cough remedy.
While with Churchill's army, just before
the battle of Vlcluburg, 1 contracted a se
vere cold, which terminated In a dangerous
cough. I found no relief till on our inarch
wo came to a country store, where, on asking
for some remedy, 1 was urged to try Avcu's
I did so, and was rapidly cured. Since
then I hare kept the Pectoral constantly by
me, for family use, and I hare found it to be
an Invaluable rvmtyfor ttiroat and lung
disease. J. W. WUITLEY."
Thousand of testimonials certify to the
prompt cure of all lronclilal and lung
affections, by the use of AVER'S CilEltnv
Pcctok il. llelng very palatable, the young
est children take it re.idily.
Dr. J. C.Ayer&Co., Lowell, Mass.
Sold by all Druggists.
Think, jut lwtiife joit
' hire ben xuScrlng terrlblr
Nl T with Hhetuuaasin or Neil.
nlgla. tlat you masmlwajs
I continue to Buffer.
Xor think just because nobody lint licen
able to cure you or your friends, that Neuralgia
and Hheumatbinare incurable.
Think that a euro is ini-
Tpoeelble Just brcauso tho
physicians harp been unable
to accomplish It.
Kor think that because ATHLorilonos
has not been known ever sinco the foundjtlnn
of tho world. It will not cure Itheumatlsin and
, Xeplect the testimony of
are now Kound un l hearty
J-r think that l.o-aiic ynu hate triil
fifty other things that falUl, that ATUicruo
ros ts like them.
Don't be discouraged I Tra i,y
ihin that vill cum Rheumatism ar.d
Neuralgia is ATHL0PU0R0S.
Don't be Skeptical I AJHLOFHORQi
has cured others. It will Cure )'0U.
If rouc-annotm-t ATULorHOaoi.if mr dnlnrt't,
. will Mid It ii rvN llu. tu r-.vli t i.l t-rfilsr
prlc-oe dolUr i-frU-ttl-, Mel nfrrUin)i i l.ny
It from inur drnsV.i't. but If h. bwi't I'.ilo ut t u
Jieriiuadl-d t trr Hnmctljtnrf i bw, Imt ordur at i .v
rom u as dirtK.u.d.
ATHLOPH0R0S CO.. 112 VJAU ST., KEW T03K.
Tlsou.aaiila Hastened to their Graves,
Dr relilns on testlmonlala written In vlrld glowing
lamraage of soma remarkable curea mad. by aome
largely puffed up doctor or pstent tnedtcln. baa has
tened thonssnds to their grsrrs; in. readers nating
almost tnssne faith that the aame miracle will be per
formed on them, that the., testimonials mention
while the so called medicine 1. all the time hastening
them to their grares. although we have
Th.n.uatd. uiion Thouataaul.! 1 !
of testimonials of th, most wonderful enres, volants.
rlly sent ns, we do not publish them, aa tbey do not
make the cares. It Is our medicine, Hop Blttere,tbst
makes the cares. It his never failed and never can,
We will rtve reference to anyone for any disease slm
liar to their own If desired, or will refer to soy neigh.
bor, as there Is not a neighborhood In the known
world bat can show Its cares ny uop timers.
A Losing- JfoLei.
A prominent pbyslclsn ot Pittsburg said to a lady
patient who was complaining of her continued 111
health, and of hit Inability to cure her, jotiogiy aaia
Trr nop Blttersr The lady tool II In earnest ana
used the Bitters, from which she obtained permanent
health. She now Isughs at the doctor lor his jote,
but he Is not so well plested with It, aa It coat him
Fee. of Doctor..
The feet of doctors at 13.00 a visit would tai a man
for a rear, and in need of a dally visit, over 11,000
year for medical attendance alone 1 And one alngle
bottle of Hop Blttera taken In time would aave the
fl.OOO and all the year's sickness.
Olyen op by the lloctora.
"It It possible that Mr, Ordfrey Is up and at work,
and cored by so simple a remeay T
"I assure yon It Is true that he la entirely cured.and
with nothing bnt Uop Bitters, snd only ten dsys ago
ala doctors asve blm up and Mid he must die, from
Kidney and IJver tronblel"
tVNon. genuine without a bunch of green Uope
on the white label. Shun all the vile, poisonous stun
with "Hop"or "Hops" In their name.
Security 3 io
T P ft E R 1
30( year ot residence, and lltbot business.
No I are tor rer bad to pay taxes, costs of
foreclosure, wait 'or interest or take
land. BEST of Re'eronce. Write
ir von h,va moner to loan. Address
D. 8. D. JOHNSTON & SON,
sjffAtiBtGrai of Morta.KO Loana
M.nUen this paper, ST. PAUL, MINN.
HOYS AND J100K8.
BOMB RL'aciESIlONB J'Ott TEACIIE1IB OH THE
use or tue ruM.io i.iinunr ion nots and
(IIHI.S IN CONNECTION Willi T1IEIB BCUOOI.
Ilev. IttitBT A. Btimsoi of Worcester, Msss., In the
Worcester rejoices in it public library nnd
librarian, whose work deserves to be widely
known. Wben a high eobool teacher, at the
close ot the school year, can look baok upon
200 scholars, who, besides their miscellaneous
so of the public library, have been system
atically at work there for an hour each week,
eagerly (lorlng over standard historical books,
something has happened ot great concern to
all parents. When, day alter day, during
school hours, cquads ot fifteen to twenty rol
licking hoys and girls, relieving each other
every hour, may be Been hard at work In the
general reading room of a public library, dis
turbing no one, wholly absorbed in pursuing
Interested historical research under the guid
ance of the library staff, there may be Bald to
be a aocial phenomenon worthy ot attention.
When ono half ot all tlio teachers in a city,
public and private, some '."!) in nunibjr, are
In the habit ot drawing from the publlo libra
ry large numbers ot books, bearing upon the
particular subjocta they may at tho time be
teaching, for the purpose of patting them in
tho hands of their pupils, and, on an average,
no less tban 700 volumes are to be found dai
ly in the Gcbool building in such use, in ad
dition to tho much larger number at the
homes of teachers and pupils, drawn on their
crsonal cards l wben. after school hours.
crowds of boys and girls are to be seen hur
rying to the library, and there, In a room ar
ranged for the purpose, teachers are constant
ly to bo found, surrounded by croups of their
scholars, examining together great piles of
valuable illustrated books, it need not be said
that there is one publlo library that has be
conio au Important factor in the educational
life of the community.
It cannot but be ot Interest to It am bow
this state of things has been brought about.
Worcester has a large vatiety of technical in
dustries, as well as a number of diverse edu
cational institutions. A dozen years ago it
had a tine reference library, which like many
tuers was little used. At that time a simple
but important change wat Introduced. Kvery
body, no matter who. child or man, scholar
or mtchanic, who had a tpjestion, was Invited
to come to the library at any time and havo it
answered. It was made manifest that this
was regarded as part of the business of the
library, and that all necessary time and pains
would be freely and cheerfully bestowed o'n
every question. The boast of the library for
some tlmo has been that questions are almost
iuvariably answered. Iudeed, it has come to
be a serious matter to propound tue most
trivial question within the library walls, such
a world of information is piled at once upon
you. Should a visitor casually express the
wonder whether riebacnadnezzar used a tooth
brush or Aleiauiler the Great parted his hair
lu the middle, it would go well with him if he
did not quickly find the whole library force
lu a commotion like a disturbed ant hill.
Should he slip out with the problem unsolved,
he will Invariably receive a communication
next day, full of the most erudite and minute
Information. Ho vlJe-reacbing Is tbls sys,
tern that it is not unheard of for ministers to
net letters from their parishioners venturing.
on the authority of an Inquiry addressed to
tho public library, to correct statements that
havo been made in the pulpit, me state
ment of the librarian will readily be believed
that upwards ot 50,000 volumes are each year
put into the nanus ot inquirers.
liul tbls waa only a beginning. ine next
step was to secure the active corporation of
the school teachers. After a conferenoe witb
superintendent and principals, a meeting of
the teachers of the seventh, eighth and ninth
erades was arranged lu the library building.
The librarian proposed to assist thorn in
teaching geography, and exhibited to them
perhaps a hundred volumes which be had
previously selected to illustrate the oountry
under consideration. The teachers were in
vited to keep tho librarian informed as to
what countries the children were studying
about, from time to time, that books might
be selected for their special use. ine teach
ers were supplied with books for their own
Information upon tue topio in nana, anu oiu
er books, adapted to the ago of the scholars
and likely to interest tnem, were onerea lor
use by the children in place ot reading-books,
Special cards wero issued, on wntcn teacn
crs might draw six books at a time for them
selves, and twelve for their scholars whose
reading tbey had undertaken to supervise.
The older scholars, haviug a right to cards ot
their own, placo them also in the bands of
their teacher, so that not infrequently a class
has in use nfty volumes bearing on one sub
ject. The teachers were also invited to bring
their classes to the library and inspect coiiec
tions of ubotourapha and eneraviugs illustra
live of tho scenery, animals aud vegetation of
different countries, and of street views lu ci
Tho testimony ct teachers that lessons are
much better learned than heretofore will be
readily believed, as will the declaration that
bovs and cirls who read utile out or scnooi
except story papers have largely forsaken
these for tbe better class of books oi travel
and the like.
Two years ago another important step was
taken. The teacher ot history in the high
school waa Invited to send her pupils to tbe
library daring school hours In parties ot III'
teen, changed hourly. They come without
their teacber. and scatter among tne unocou
Died seats like any other roadera. It Is known
in tbe library that tbeir class is at tbe time
etudvini! Ureek or lloaian history, tor exam
pie. Piles of suitable books, such as Falke's
Greece and Home, Stuart and Kevett a An
tinuit es of Athens, rarker's ArchtooiORy o
Home. Mahafly's Old Greek Life, Wilkin's
Life of the Homans, and tbe standard histo
ries and encyclopedias, have been puttogeth'
er within reach. Tbe scholars are soon bus!
ly employed. They have special topics to
look up, and must all report in full to their
teacher tbe results ot their investigation.
Tbe librarian passes around among them.
here changing a book, there pointing out how
to use an index or table of oontents to get
needed information, evetywhere making Bure
that right methods are pursusd and keen In
terest awakened. A minute or two Is usually
enough for each pupil, many need no aid, and
soon all are busily at work. Trouble and dis
turbance are unknown, for all are Interested
in what tbey have to do.
l'erhaps It Is the history 01 tue middle ages
on which they are engaged. Tneir teacher
renulres each of them to write a story or ea,
say on some topio conuected with the general
subject, ordinarily selected uy tnemseives,
Here are a few mat nave oetn presented
Tournaments, Ths Art of becoming a Knight,
Tbe Position ot Woman, Storming a Castle,
A Hunting Soeno, Secret Tribunals, Eluca
tion of tbe Sons of Nobles, Ourrenoy of tbe
Middle Aces. A ( arm Scene. The l'repara
tion of Food. Descriptions were given of
Kenllwortb, Heidelberg, uoiyrood and wind
sor Uastle and selections read Irom aiartnlon
The Legend of tne uuine, ivanuoe, etc
A pupil told her teacher that she waa dis
oouraged by bar library work, because she
found that historians make connicung state.
ments. It was a dUcovory that opened the
way for the Independence of thought which
It 19 tue aim oi an true teaoning to produce,
and an etuphatio testimony that the method
here pursued is widely seouring it. These
children are rapidly learning to think, and, it
need not be said, aro keenly Inteiested in
Similar work U also done In English litera,
ture. A class whose ttudies are Boon to end
have plaoed lu their hands copies of the little
volumes in the series ot Ancient Classics for
English readers, and are thus led, step by step,
into Borne knowledge of such stories us the
Iliad aud the Odyssey, which otherwise they
would never get. Wben the literature classes
are to study Longfellow or Irving, for exam,
Die. the scholars are put in tbe way of secur.
Ing for themselves copies at low price, and
the library puts extra copies in the bands of
the teacher, besides calling attention to the
supply in Its circulating department, as
consequence, fourteen scholars are reported
as reading through Tbe House of the Seven
Gables: ten. Mosses Irom an Uld alanse
aud fifteen, The Marble Faun, In connection
with their recitations on Hawthorne. In the
same connection, tbe pupils are induced also
to look up for themselves many collateral
facta bearing upon the author or tha subject
matter of his works.
With Anthony Comstock warning us that
lust now there is no greater evil abroad 1
the land thau the flood of pernicious litera,
ture tn the hands of boys and gills, and with
library oommittees on all sides struggling
with tbe problem how to keep down the dt
maud for worthless fiction, this record, not
of theory, but of results, ought to be sug
Where libraries do not exist, parents can
do a great deal with a little pains. I know a
group of lads of all grades, from bootblacks
to tlch men's sons, from ten to fourteen years
of age, who, beginning with books of travel
like those ot Sir Hamuel Maker, Livingstone
and Vambdry, were led, with occasional halt
hours from Gulliver and Shakespeare's come
dies, through Paradise Lost, Dante's Inferno,
and all ot Bryant's translation of Homer.
Many other books of value were read, In
whole or In part, meanwhile. Only an hour
and a half a week was given to It. They lis
tened while they were read to, with occasion
al explanatcry comment. They came eager
ly and regularly, and, I have reason to be
lieve, acquired a taste for good literature they
ill never lose.
Nora Since tbls article waa written the foltowlng
lncldeuta come to my knowledge. Tbe class In Eng
lish history, In the high school, nhen on th. subject
of India, spent a week on Msoaulsy's Essay on War
ren Hastings, une oi id. noys, not a scuoiar iuu ui
narrow views, stopped after school one day to say to
hla teacher. "If borsconli b. shown wbst Intereatins
books there are, tbey would never care to read bad
noose." inessme ciss. was ira to uur iur tusui
selre. copies of Henry Esmond, prepsrstory to the
nay or tneretguortjaeenAunn. inej prononnc.u
"too drv" st nrtt. bnt sfter their historical study
sld that It was "better than Ivanhoe."
Mtiartei! JLondoa AchooI.Chllilren.
From a Snpprcssed Report of Dr. Crlchton Browne
to tne .uucai!onai uepartmeDi.j
la one school visited, tbe head mistress ai-
sured me that to her certain knowledge as
many aa B per cent of tbe girls came to school
without breakfast In tbe depth of winter : In
anolher school I conversed with six boys in a
tandard of 00. witb 14 boys in a standard ot
80, and with six in a standard of CO, who bad
bad no breakfast that morning, and there was
dreadful monotony in tbe way in which, in
reply to my queries as to the cause of tbeir
abstinence, tbe changes were rung on these
answers I "Father out of work" ; "Father in
the hospital"; "No bread in the bouse;"
"Mother lays abed." The last of these an.
swers I came to understand waa often a child
Ish eupbonism for drunkenness, or for the
morning stupor that follows a night's de
bauch. In still another school In which star
vation abounded, I learned that it was no
uncommon thing for a poverty-stricken
mother, perhaps a charwoman or a nower.
seller who had to send her child to school
without food, because there was neither food,
money, nor money's worth In the house, to
arrive at tho school bouBe in tbe forenoon, at-
er she bad been out and bad earned a few
pence, and ask to be allowed to band in a
piece of bread to her starving child. Many
children in London who are never actually
without food are etill partially starved, fqr
what they get is InuutriUous, or insutilcieot
n amount. The loaf is sometimes tne utmost
that tbe family recources can compass, and
where there are a number of mouths there
s bnt a small bit for each, liread and weak
tea form the sole sustenance of many child
ren for prolonged periods. Other children
are left wholly unprovided by tbeir parents.
and have to forage as best as tbey can for
themselves. I found one lad Immersed lu
geography who had had no breakfast, and
whose dinner had consisted of two rotten
oraDges thrown away from a huckster's stall.
In all tbls there Is an aggravation of the
unoTing and risks, itey are listless and
drowsy, as all teachers know, and their drow.
siness is a protective measure taken by tbe
conservative instinct. The blood is impov.
erished, and has enough to do to keep the
essential vital processes going ; it can spare
nothing for reconstruction, and so the less
wear and tear and tissue waste there are, the
better. Tbe best thing they can do Is tn
Bleep or remain torpid, for In such Btates all
the functions proceed mor: siowiy and less
wastefully, and tbe worst tiling they oan do
Is to work. To rouse them out of their con
servative drowsiness, and insist on tbeir using
tbeir brains, is to enhance tbeir wretchedness
by tearing away nature's ahrsstbetic, and to
place them in fresh peril by stimulating an
organ that can only perform ita highest func
tions safely wben it is well no-irisnea.
ltCNSiNO to A Fire at Ska. The Dutch
steamer Maasdam from llotterdam for New
York was burned at sea on Oct. -'1st. Tbe
fire caught from the explosion of a tank of
kerosene oil in the engine room which sprung
a leak tn a severe storm two days previous.
The fire In the engine room was subdued af
ter an all-day's fight, but shortly after it was
found that the cargo bad taken fire from the
red-hot plates of the oil room. Holes were
cut through tbe deck and tbe steam pump set
at work pouring water Into the bold, but to
no effect. Tbe smoke poured out in a dense
volume, and in a few hours names Degan to
appear. Tbe boats were then lowered and
all on board placed in them, the captain be
ing the last to leave the ship. The boats
were rowed round and round me uurning
ship In bones of rescue by some ship which
should see the fire and come to give help.
This help finally came from tha steamer
Pbein, wbose first mate discovered tbe fire
when lt miles away. Tbe steamer reached
the scene at 9:30 at night, lu a short time
one of the six boats came alongside to lee
ward. It was bait full of water, and those
of the men in it who were not rowing were
busy bailing. The boat leaked. The women
were huddled in tbe stern of tbe boat, three
of them having small children wltb them
All of them were drenched. The boat pulled
ud close to tbe ship and then rose up on
wave almost level with ber deck. As it rose
the women stood op. holding tbeir children
in their arms tor the sailors to take, but that
isn t tbe way to board a steamer In mid-ocean
and just before they were within reach the
wave dropped tnem nueen leei uown again.
and tbe women fell on the bottom of the boat
screaming and walling that tbey were lost,
Then the sailors brought a number of large
baskets and lowered them overboard, and tne
second officer slid down a rope into tbe boat.
He auick v bundled the children into tbe bas
kets, made fast the ends of ropes to the wo
men, and men. as tney were drawn up on
deck, helped tbe men In like manner. Many
ot tbe rescued were so weak that tbey had to
be carried below. Tbe boat sunk to tbe rati
in fifteen minutes after it was abandoned.
From the tlx boats were taken 18C souls, of
whom many were women, twenty-four were
children, and ten were babies, and altogether
tbey were all of the passengers and crew of
tbe burning vessel, witb not one missing. A
heavy storm oame up at midnight, and it tbe
rescuers bad come two hours later every
soul in the boats would have been lost. The
captain of the Maasdam found something lu
dicrous even in the distressing position of
the people in the boats. lie Bays: "We had
a pair of lovers In our boat, and ths man
could not be Induced to tako bis arm from bis
sweetheart s waist to stand bis turn at tbe
oar." The Pnein reaohed New York safely
Two lMPOaTANT QoxsriOMS. When the tide Is at
th. full. It turns. Oar educational metboda bar.
been growing in system and aeverity, If not In per
fection, for many years ; and the demands upon the
pupil have constantly locreaaed, until the neceasltles
for grading have become imperative ana the pecuuar-
Idea of tbe Individual are almost entirety ignored. It
would seem impossible to carry tbit further, and any
change now must be tn some other direction. At this
crisis one of tbe brightest snd most feallesa of Amer
lean wrltera cornea forward with a atrong argument
affilnsl tha whole srstera. a nrotest asalost the Krsd-
Ing and cramming ihattskaao much of tbe vltaUty
nntm in. .unction w. sr. ci-ioie lu ills iiiuh kcu-
-.ration. Edward Everett Hale. In the November
number of tbe North American Review, makes a plea
for "Half-Tim. In Schools," which .very parent and
every .cbnol.bnard ought to consider seriously, Th.
old question, "Where are we, and where are w. drift
inn V was never more forcibly sus2.sted tbsn by sn
other article In the same number, In which Prof, au
tism discusses "The African Problem," Tbe facta he
give, as to tha tncreas. of the negroes In the United
Ststes, their peculiar altuatlon and disposition, and
the nroblem tbev will force udoo ua in the near fu
ture, cat! for the gravest consideration. The other
artlclea In thla number are of ususl Interest and value.
A daring yooog dad. in Bombelgb
Esisyrd on tbe cornet to plclgh.
11. msde sacb a din
That tb. neighbor, dropped In,
And tbe dude clum the golden atarwelsh.
A London au.'geon says that only one fashionable
womsn in 600 csn drsw a full bresth witb all her
clothes on, and that all women should give up tight
lacing, aud take Dr, Hull's Ooagh Syrup to strengthen
Hundreds of letters from those using Ayer's Uslr
Vigor attest lit value at a reatorer of gray hair to Ita
natural color. As a stimnlant and tonic, preventing
and often caring baldness, and cleansing and sooth
Ing th. scalp, Its use cannot be too attongly recom
X suffered from acute inflammation In my noae
and head for a week at a time i couia not see. i as.
ed Ely's Cream Balm and In a few dtya I wat cured
It la wonderful how quick It helped me. Mrs, Qeor
gle s. saasou, usrtiora, vi.
lton't JFrowro, If yon cub help It,
Tint dan't smile mora than vou are ohllsed to. If you
have a mouthful of dlaooloreal teeth. If each lath.
mm nrnrnr. and use at least one. .v.rv dsv. dellilbt.
ful 8OZ0DONT, which will remove tbe unbecoming
spots and .pecks that dlaflgure your teeth 1 render
them pearly white, make tbe gums hard and rosy, and
Impart fragrance to your breath. BOZODONT, more
over, contains no oorroalre acids or gritty particles,
-.hfh (.Hi pas. with soma dentifrices, but it sml.
nently safe at well as thoroughly effective. Bold by
O, do yoa remember to-dsy, ray dear,
When we wandered the wild fields over,
And eagerly sought good lack, my desr,
In shspeof a four-leaved clover T
Your cheeks were red aa the clover heads,
Yonr eyes as bright as the dew,
And you were Intent on tbe clover leaves,
nbile I waa Intent on you.
Your laugh rang out on the golden air
As we wsded Into tbe green,
And sbamrd the songs of the merry birds
Who wstched to see you pses.
Yon found the prise for which you aonght
The coveted fwur-lesved clover
Which you doclsred would bring good lack
And reveal your futuro lover.
And I I found I had lost my heart
In the held where the clovers grew,
And I believed It to be a case of theft,
Aud laid the charge to you.
And as we walked through the ahsdy lsne
W hlch led f rom the field of .lover,
I fouDd a heart In eichange for my own,
Aud you you found your lover.
A 1.0V 13 MATCH.
It was a chilly November night when the
train got into Hampden.
uampden was one oi those new unnnlsbed
places.whlcb require the brightest of sun
light, and tbe greenest frame of quivering
leaves to make them presentable. And In
the gray, uncompromising medium of tne
November dusk Hampden looked dreary
enough, witb the dark chimney of the new
silk mill risiug out of tbe hemlock woods,
tbe staring (jueeu Anne depot, tbe church,
which bore a strong family resemblance to a
child's wooden toy, and the stone quarry to
tbe left, which reminded the thoughtful
looker-on of a gigantio fortification in an un
"Humph 1" said Mrs. Nedley. as she look
ed around ber. "A queer place."
Her niece Phebe waa there to meet her
ith a box wagon and a white-nosed old
"Folks can't always choose where tbey are
to live," Bald Pbebe, who was always in a
state of antagonism to Mrs. Nedley, "and
Hampden is good enough for me."
'How is i'uilip t said Mrs. Medley.
'Philip is well, said Phebe, as the helped
the depot boy to hoist Aunt Nedley's trunk
into the wagun.
Philip Harrow was Mrs. Nedley's favorite
nephew. She had paid bis bills at school.
superintended his fortunes, and finally pur
chased for him a share In the new Bilk mills.
He's all I've got," Bald Mrs. Nedley, "ex
cept Phebe, and Phebe and I never did hitch
horses together. Aud I want him to succeed
liul within a few days a new claimant bad
arisen to Aunt Nedley's protection and tender
To be sure, she s no relation to me," said
Mrs. Nedley. "But her mother was my dear
est friend, and I think I will adopt ber 'for
And it was scarcely an hour irom me time
n which sho learned that Silvia Gray was an
orphan that she wrote a kind letter to tbe
girl, Inviting ber to come bast for a visit.
"If you liko it, my dear, there need be no
occasion for your going back," she wrote.
"We are both alone. Let us bo companions
to one another."
She bad waited and waited, and no reply
bad arrived ; and while she waited a plan had
developed itself to ber mind.
"If she is her mother's daughter she can't
help being pretty," said Mrs. Nedley. "Phil
s a handsome lad. She shall marry run 1
And this explains Mrs. Nedley's presence
"1 suppose you are still keeping nouse
for Philip ?" said she to Pbebe. as they drove
along in the chill twilight.
"No," said Pbebe, skillfully guiding the
old horse down a steep place in tbe road.
"He boards, eh t said Mrs. Medley.
"No, he don't board," answered Pbebe ;
'his wife keeps bouse tor blm."
"What?" said Mrs. Nedley.
"He Is married," anuoonced Pbebe, very
much in tho tone in which she night have
said "It is a cold evening," or "tbe train is
"rhillp married I" repeated the old lady
married! Stop, Phebe; don't drive a
step further I Turn around at once. Take
me back to tbe station. I'll return to Concord."
Ain't you going on to see Philip?" asked
"Not If be e married,' answered Mrs. Ned
ley, in a cboked voice.
"He's got a proper nice wife," pleaded
Phebe. "You'll like ber."
"No. I shan't 1" eald Mrs. Nedley. "Phil-
ip married. Pbebe, if you don't turn around
I'll get out aud walk 1"
Mrs. Nedley's will was like adamant, and
Phebe Harrow was forced to succumb to it.
And bo it happened that Pbebe and the
white-nosed pony arrived, solitary and alone,
at tho little cottage of tbe mill superintend
ent half an boor afterward.
Phil came out into the porch, carrying a
lamp in hia band.
Mrs. Phil ran after bim with a pink apron
tied around her trim waist, and ber brown
fringe of bair blowing back from her forehead.
Where's my aunt ?" said Fhll, as Phebe
jumped out, "Didn't she come ?"
sue came, said rneDecuruy ; "Dutsne s
gone back again."
(lone back again I
Yes. She didn't tike It because you've
got msrried, bo Bhe a gone back by tbe tf:0b
"Oh. Phil!" cried Mrs. Barlow, wbo was a
round, cherry-cheeked little woman, with
soft hazel eyes and a mouth like a red rose.
bud, "What shall we do? Why didn't you
consult ber before you married me?"
Pbil Harrow broke into a great laugh.
"My dear," said he, It wasn't ber consent I
wanted ; it was yours."
Oh ! Hut Phil, she has done bo much for
"She's a good soul, but abb's ecoentrio,"
said th mill superintendent. "Go in, Pbe
be. and get your tea."
"I'm sure 1 can t eat a montniui," said
Mrs. Phil despairingly, "And the biscuit I
mixed myself ; and the fried chicken and the
White Mountain cake oh, Phil! oh, Phill"
"Don't fret, dear," said Phil! "my Aunt
Nedley has missed a very good supper ; that I
can tell her."
"Hut I've blighted your future 1" said Mrs.
Harrow, tragically seizing the sugar tongs.
"W-a'll go to Concord to-morrow and see
the old lady," soothed Phil. "She must sur
render if ebe sees you, wifey 1"
Phebe chuckled grimly.
"That's all very well," said the, "but you
forget that an old lady and a young man don't
look at a girl witb tbe same eyes."
"Hold your tongue, Pbebe," said tbe mill
superintendent. "Where's the usejot always
And then Mrs. Pbil began to laugb, and
Pbebe, wbo, after ber crabbed fashion, was
fond of her pretty young sister-in-law, laughed
also ; and, after all, tbe dainty little supper
was eaten and enjoyed, even though Aunt
Nedley's faoe was steadfastly turned toward
Her own fireside had never seemed so soli,
tary and dreary as it did upon that Novem
Tbe maids, gossiping in tbe kitchen, were
called upon to rekindle tbe dead fire. Tbe
tea, smoky and half-cold, was served, and
Mrs. Nedley was just resolving to go to bed,
wben Betsey brought a letter.
"Postman, mum, he left It a week ago,"
said she. "It bad fell down behind tbe letter-box."
"Ah"' said Mrs. Nedley, fitting on her
spectacles and scrutinizing the seal and direc
tions, "from Silvia Gray ! Now I shall have
some one to love In Philip's plaoe 1"
But she hsd not read three lines before she
flung the letter Indignantly on the sulking
"Married I" she exclaimed. "That child I
Is everybody crazy to get married, I wonder?
And Bhe hopes I'll excuse ber, but her hus
band thinks Folly and nousenset What is
ber husband to mel Betsy, my chamber
"Bless me, ma'am 1" said Betsey, "What
has happened ?"
"Everything!" said Mrs. Nedley, "Don't
let me be called before 8 o'olock to morrow
morning. I almost wish that I could go to
sleep and sleep forever 1"
Aud Mrs. Nedley, In tho silence and soli
tude of her own room, fell to thinking to
what charitable institution she could leave
Witb tbe Psalmist of old she could earnest
ly have cried t "Vanity of vanities, all Is van
"I loved Philip," she Bald, "and I bad set
my heart on Silvia Gray aud such a match
as it would have been I"
Bhe was sitting at ber luucheon the next
day, with the cockatoo on one side of ber and
ths poodle on tbe ollitr, when Betsey opened
"Please, ma am," said Betsey, "company."
"Betsey," said Mrs. Nedley. severely. "I
told you that I was not at home to anybody
"Please. ma'am. "giggled Beteay."he would
come In I"
"Who would oome in? said Mrs. Nedley.
"It's me. Aunt Nedley," said Philip Bar.
row, "and my wife. Don't be vexed I"
T he tan young mill superintendent came in,
with his pretty wife leaning on his arm.
"Won't you kiss me. Aunt Nedley," said
Mrs. Pbil, putting up tbe rosebud lips "for
my mother's sake 1"
"b ?" said Mrs. Nedley.
"Didn't you get my letter?" said Philip's
Mrs. Nedley was more convinced tban ever
now that Bhe was asleep and dreaming.
"I wrote you all about It," Bald Mrs. 1'hll.
"Don't yon know ? I am Silvia Gray. I met
Philip when he oame out to Denver to look
at the new mill machinery, and be would be
married immediately. He said he was sure
you would forgive him. Will yoa forgive
blm, Aunt Nedley?"
"Yes, my dear, I will," said Mrs. Nedley,
her face brightening up like the full moon
oeenlrjff through mist wreaths. "But why
didn't tbey tell me you were Silvia Gray ?"
"I'Dlllp wanted to surprise you," Bald Mil.
via, hanging down her head.
"Well, he has surprised me," said Mrs.
She went back to Hampden with the mill
superintendent and his wife, and slept in the
pretty pink and white bedroom which Silvia
tiad fri. lift. attli an tnnnlt nalna .
uau J 1 o .'. I via a u a uvt niiu ou wiuu - 1, t aa o .
and she praised Silvia's chicken Balad and
prune pies, and she even condescended to ap
prove of Pbebe'a half completed silk counter,
pane ; for life was all couleur de rose for ber
It is a great thing for a woman of Mrs.
Nedley's age to have her own way.
Tre.ch Canadian Cams JLIfe.
"I can always tell without a guide-board
when we come to Canada." This sentence I
have heard over and 07er again from persons
coming into this province, and have been
obliged to admit the humiliating fact for fact
it is that tbe difference in bouses and tbeir
surroundings, In methods of culture and ap
pearance of tbe people, is so pronounced that
there is no need of being told, "Tbls Is Can
ada" or "This is the United States." It is
true that along the borders, influenced by
their neighbors, there Is more ot thrift and
energy ; but along the St. Lawrence, and In
all French Canadian settlements, there is a
contented apathy so long as "fetes" abound,
and tbe church is there a never-failing recre
ation ; so long as there are fish In tbe rivers
and a little corn. patch to bo., tbe happy
"Baptiste" requires no more. "I should like
to be a little Canadian girl," said my young
daughter, and wben asked tbe reason of this
unusual ambition, she replied, "Because they
have nothing to do but fish and dance and go
to church tbey have lota of fun." The state
ment was childlike, but covered the whole
situation. It is an idle, desultory life, though
many earn their living by the rod, and it Is a
common thing on the market boats to see tbe
front ot tbe deck covered with fish for the
city markets from the fresh-water lakes. The
farms of these French Canadians were once
large homesteads, but they have been divided
and redivided, giving each member of each
succeeding family a lot fronting on their be
loved river ; the result is a collection of smaU
whitewashed huts, anything but agreeable to
the eye, except that tbey are as clean as it is
possible for lime and scrubbing to make them.
Tbe meadow and pasture fields are Btony and
rough, the gardens and corn plot are worked
witb tbe "piocbe" or hoe, and these are tbe
chief agricultural possessions of tbe people.
Nowhere else is ignorance such "bliss." But,
worst of all, this apathetic contentment pre
vents any advancement in any locality where
they are in tbe majority. Always polite to
his neighbors, urbane and hospitable to all,
there is simply no use talking to the French
Canadian of improved roads, or improved
methods of farming, or of assisting in the
county shows. Tbe antiquated ideas of the
people, and their utter ignorance of even the
elements of education, are an armor against
which no neighbor can prevail. Yet tbeir
lives are pure and simple ; quarrels are rare ;
there la no element of rowdyism in their com
position unless when tbey imbibe too much
"fire-water," and even then they are more or
derly than any other drunken men.
Here and there, among these happy-go-lucky
people, are tbe thrifty and hard-working
farmers who have taken up land and paid for
it under tbe various msgnates wbo owned
large tracts under the old rifgime. To them
there is still paid tithes in some localities 10
cents on every acre, and in others, as in onr
own, it is a bushel and a quarter of wheat,
paid to the seignoress, who is the superior of
the gray nuns. The land was bought on these
terms. To me this seems a curious custom,
and I always feel like rebellion wben the
nuns' man of business presents his little bill,
for tbe English-speaking people prefer pay.
ing the tithe in cash. So particular are they
in regard to their rights that a house and lot
belonging to the sjignory has not been sold.
and is falling into decay, because the nuns
would reserve the right to use the water-power.
and no one would buy tbe property with tbe
cnances oi a mill being bunt, whether it in
terfered with the purchaser or not. The
English-speaking farmer is alive to all the
modern improvements. He plants orchards
and vineyards ; he tills his land with a. view
to the rotation of crops, and prides himself
on having good horses and good Implements.
Working early and late, daring the short sea
son, he acquires a hurried manner, in marked
contrast to tbe repose of bis French neigh
bor ; but he keeps his fences In repair and
bis roadway passable. Tbe bishop makes the
round of tne diocese every three or four years.
and before his visit every stone is removed.
every hole in the road la filled np, and the
paths are made straight. Ho wben the French,
men's roads are particularly bad, we pray for
ine visitation oi tne Disnop.
The thrifty countryman tolerates his thrift,
less, happy neighbor, and blames his super
stition instead of himself for bis want of suc
cess : but It is a drawback to social and agri
cultural advancement. Like many other
things, both would be better it their charac
teristics were more evenly divided. If the
overworked English farmer would take a lit
tle more ease, and tbe lazy, indolent French
fisherman bad a little more energy, the coun
try would be better and so would the people.
Cor. llural New-Yorker.
From my bill-circled home, this eve, I beard
Tbe tempest singing on the windy height
The first wild storm of winter In Its flight
Beawsrd ss though soma mighty Arctic bird
Had left Ita anowy neat, and on tbe firred.
Steep mouotaln anmmlt pauaed one boisterous
To fill tbe valleys wltb Its flirce delight.
Ah me, I thought, how every pine is stirred,
Till all Its deep atorm-muslc Is unbound ;
How every wsvlog bough gives forth Its roar,
And the firs about ae though aome harper hoar
Laid bis great band upon tbe hille around,
And drew a load hymn forth, a voice to aouod
Ear, far away, beyond tbe world'a doll ahore.
H". I'. Foster in the Century.
Tbe mosquitoes' motto "God blets our
num. r riMaaetpMa uecora.
The horse of a Russian peasant ts first In
his estimation ; then comes his oow : then
his dog ; then his pig ; and If be has any left
it is pestoweo upon his wife ana children.
Parents do very wrong who Interfere with
the religious tendencies ot their children. A
Florida oolored girl reoently killed her father
Because ho wouldn't let her go to church.
Arnold, Constable t Co., tbe New York
merchants, did not know that anvthlnir unus.
nal was going on until tbe stealings of their
confidential clerk amounted to S2.000.000.
It Is very dlflloult for large advertiser! to
keep track of all their profits. Philadelphia
Masonlo customs. "So the Arabians go to
lodges and oome noma late just as you do,
said Mrs. Mannerly to her husband, who was
of a convivial turn ot mind. "I don't know."
be ttammered. "But I know they do, for I
read in a paper that wben an Arabian enters
bis bouse be removes bis shoes and keens on
his hat. That's what you do wben you oome
borne late from the lodge." lews aifttngi,
Tbey were alone. He was stretched on the
sofa looking into tbe grate, wondering why
coal was not sold for s a ton Instead of B. 50,
She was reading the morning paper. A con,
versation a dialogue ocourred. "Hubby,
dearl" "What Is it, pet?" "You needn't
buy me that jtrsey wa were looking at.
wouldn't wear one for the world. Here Is an
artiole that says the pleuro-pneumonia has
broken out among the Jerseys and many have
died." He took the longs and pulled down
tbe motto, "What is Home without a Moth,
er ?" from tbe wall and stuck it in the tire,
It was tbe last pleasant evening of their lives.
fan from JFrestch l'uprr..
"Where was If What was I saying?" eats
an egotist of the first water, who bad been In
terrupted in the course of Borne extremely un.
interesting personal reminiscences.
"You were saying 'I'," responds one of bis
At a cheap restaurant i
"Wilt you have a 2!) cent dinner, sir. or a
35 cent one?"
"What is the difference between the two ?"
"Ten cents, sir."
At a matrimonial agenoy t
"You said this lady-No. 3C,78-hd ?"
"Six hundred thousand franos and pulmo
aure of it?"
Ur. A It 9 .11 It. - 1 . , 1 1. 1-
house are guaranteed."
At tbe police court:
"I was sitting in the 'bus. and the prisoner
was beside me, wben suddenly I felt bim in
troducing bis hand Into my pocket In a clum
Prisoner, bursting into tears "Your Hon
or, I Implore the protection of tho court. I
protest sgalnst any slanders ou my profes
"Yes. brethren." Bays the clergyman, who
is preaching the funeral sermon, "our deceas
ed brother was cut down in a single night-
torn irom tne arms or his loving wife, wbo
Is thus left a disconsolate widow at the early
age of 21 years."
"Twenly-two. If you please." sobslhowld.
ow, in the front pew, emerging from her
handkerchief for an Instant.
A prince of surgical soience counsels one of
his patients to submit to an operation of the
most complicated character.
"But isn't It Isn't It dangerous?" falters
"Not to tbe operator," is the answer.
A blind man is brought up as a witness in
a police court.
"Do you knowany thingabout the prisoner?"
asks the magistrate ; "it seems that lie was
once In your service."
"Yes, your honor, I once employed him to
lead me j but I bad lost sight ot him for some
During tbe campaign on the Danube a pri.
vate soldier saved tbe life of Hkobeleff by
picking up a shell which was about to burst
and dropping it into the river.
"lou have saved my life, Bald the general ;
"how shall I reward you tor your devotion ?
Shall I give you tbe Cross of St. George for
bravery, or a hundred roubles ? Choose I"
Tbe soldier hesitated.
"What is the Cross of St. Gaorgs worth ?"
be finally asked.
"lib, it s worth very little intrinsically
say, five roubles but then it i-i au honor
"Then I'll tell yoa what I'll do. general
I'll take the cross of St. George and '.)" rou
bles in cash."
"Noblest ot heroes I" says a patriotio citi
zen to a wooden. legged soldier who has just
returned from tbe seat ot war in China, "no
blest ot heroes, thanks to your efforts France
has planted a foot in the Orient."
"la-as; my foot."
A lady is Bhowing a visitor the family por-
raits in the picture-gallery.
"That officer there, in tbe uniform," she
says, "was my great-great-grandfather. He
was as brave as a lion, but one of tbe most
unfortunate of men he never fought a bat
tle in which he did not have an arm or a leg
Then she adds, proudly : "He took part in
The Bbain or an Ant. Well may Darwin
speak of tbe brain of an ant as one of the
most wondrous particles of matter In the
world. One might naturally think that it
would be impossible for bo minute a piece of
matter to possess tbe necessary complexity
required for tbe discharge of euch elaborate
functions. Tbe microscope will no doubt
show some detsils in tbe ant's braiD, but these
fall hopelessly short of revealing the refine
ment which tbe ant's brain must really have.
Tbe microscope is not adequate to show us
tbe texture or matter. It has been one ot tbe
greatest discoveries of modern times to ena
ble us to form some numerical estimate of the
exquisite delicacy of the fabrio which we
know as inert matter. Water, or air, or iron
may be divided and subdivided, but the pro
cess cannot be carried on indefinitely. There
is a well-defined limit. We are even able to
make some approximation to the number of
molecules in a given mass of matter. Sir. W.
Thomson has estimated that the number of
atoms in a cubic inch of air is to be expressed
by the figure 3, followed by no fewer than
twenty ciphers. Tbe brain of the ant doubt
less contains more atoms than an equal vol
ume of air ; but even if we suppose them to
bo tbe Bame, and if we take the size of an
ant's brain to be a little globe one-thousandth
of an Inch In diameter, we are able to form
some estimate ot tbe number of atoms it must
contain. Tbe number is to be expressed by
writing down six and following it by eleven
ciphers. We can imagine these atoms group
ed in so many different ways that even the
complexity of the ant's brain may be intelli
gible when we have so many units to deal
with. An illustration will perhaps make the
argument clearer. Take a million and a half
ot little black marks, put them in a certain
order, and we have a wondrous result "Dar
win's Descent of Man." This book merely
consists of about 1,. TOO, 000 letters placed one
after the other in a certain order. Whatever
be the comphxlty of the ant's brain. It is still
hard to believe that it could not be fully de
scribed in 100,000 volumes, each as large as
Darwin a work, let mo number oi molecules
in tbe ant's brain is at least 400,000 times as
great as the number of letters in tbe memora
ble volume in question. Longman' Maga.
The Wonsmr or Gold. The worship of
gold can bo shown to have descended to us
from sun worship, which, in some form or
other, has been almost universal. In plain
words, men took to collecting gold and mak.
ing gold trinkets, charms aud amulets, be
cause gold was of the Bame color, and possi
bly ot the same divine material, as the Bun.
The eacredneBS of gold seems indicated by
Pindar, who, invoking Theia, tbe mythical
mother of the Bun god, exclaims, "Through
thee It is that mortals esteem mighty gold
above all things else I" Originating thus in
the most absurd superstition, tbe supposed
likeness of the yellow metal to ths color of
tbe sun god's face, the value of gold hag pre
vailed over tbe world for so many ages tbat
it has become a hereditary passion -, and be
cause of the value thus set on it, and for no
other reason, gold has long been tbe highest
metallio medium of exchange. 77k Contem
The United States raise 71 per cent ot
the corn grown in tbe world.
A 7S0-pound moose was run down and
killed by a train on the Canadian Pacifio rail
way a few miles west of Mattawa the other
day. He bad become bewildered, apparent
ly, at tbe sight of the approaching engine in
the morning mist, and was powerless to move
from the track.
A new clock has been Invented, and is
ooming into use in Europe, which is warran.
ted by tbe manufacturers to run for five years
without either winding or regulation. The
Belgian government placed one In a railway
station in 1881, sealed with the government
seal, and it has kept perfect time ever since.
Another Florida lake has disappeared
through a subterranean outlet. Peacook lake,
In Suwanee county, a favorite resort tor pic
nics and sportsmen, on aocount of its beauti
ful surroundings and the abundance ot fine
trout, has disappeared through a hole In the
ground, leaving thousands of dead fish for tbe
buzzards to prey upon and contaminate the
The ooming semi-tropical fruit is tbe Jap
anese persimmon, known as tbe Panarascbe.
It was recently Introduced into Florida, where
it flourishes finely and reaches perfection.
It Is about as large as an average Bartlett
pear, of golden color, sweet, juicy and deli
cious, and entirely unlike the native persim
mon, which is a very delusive fruit. It bears
transportation well, and tbe Florldans believe
It will, In a tew years, rival tbe Florida orange
In northern markets.
It is alleged to be a fact that America Is
indebted to Pompeii (or tbe great industry ot
canning fruit. Years ago, wben tbe excava
tions were just beginning, a party of Cinoiu
natians found In what bad been tbe pantry of
a bouse a great many jars of preserved figs.
One was opened, and tbey were found to be
fresh aud good. Investigation showed tbat
the figs bad been put into the jars in a heated
state, an aperture left for the steam to escape,
and then sealed witb wax. Tbe bint was ta
ken, and the next year tbe canning ot fruit
was introduced In the United States, tbe pro.
cess being idenical with tbat In vogue lu
Pompeii twenty centuries ago.
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