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THE BENNINlGTON BMDER, TUSDAY,,"A"D"G. W iS9&:;
EANOTE OF TH
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TUESDAY AL'GUST18, 1891.
Bntered at the Bennington P.O.asecond-class
matter by.C. A. PIERCE, Publlsher.
Ex-Governor Hiland Hall's Description.
The Most Accurate Accnunt of the
.Ex-Gov. llall wroto in 1877, for tho
Bannek, rin account of tho Bnttlo of Ben
nington. It is by all odds' tho most com
tirehbnsivo' 'skotch of that ovcnt, in
cxistenco, and has been tho foundation
of all the arficlcs writtan this year on
this subject. Wo mako no apology in
giving it again to our rcadors, now that
tho monument oroctcd to commemorato
tho valor ofthe patriots on tlio fleld of
Bennington, is to bo unvcilcd tho 10th of
this month, as follows:
tm nkmx or denninoton acoust 16, 1777.
BY nU-kXD IIALL.
Inthe followlng acconnt of the Battle' of Ben
nington only the leadlng facta ara attempted to
be given, nnmeroui lnteresting and excitlng In
cidcnts belng necesarily omlttea
In order to hare a just appreciatlon of the bat
tle and lti consequences, lt la necessary to call to
mlnd the .conditlon or tbe country and of tho
State at tbe time of lta occurrcnce.
The campaign of 177B ln the northern depart'
ment had bcen dlsastroui to the Amerlcan
arms. After sufTerfng seTere losscs our forces
hid been drlyen from Canada ln great dlstress,
and the enemy, by the dcstructlon of the Amerl
can flotllla, had obtolned fUU command of the
waters of . Lake Champlain. Great numbers of
troops were SrriTlng atQuebec from Europe, and
a fearful lnvaslon was expected at the openlng of
the lake In the apring. To meet such lnvaslon
eatensive works had been erected atTlconderoga,
on whlch great rellance was placed. But they
were def ective In nrrangement and but partlally
manned, and on the approach of Gen. Burgoyne.
wlthapowerfularmy.0en.8t. Clalr founS they
would be wbolly untenahle. and he feltconipelled
to abandonthem. The rear guard pf his retreatlng
army. under the command of Coh Setb Wanier,
was orertaken the next day, July 7. 1777, at Hub
barton, by a large body of the enemy. and. after
a brave reslstence, daring whlch many were
kllled nd wounded on both aldes, was OTerpow
cred by numbers nnd obllged to gWe way. The
greatcBt portlon of8t Clair's force incceeded In
fonnlngojuncllon wlth Oen. Schnjler at Fort
Edward. whlle the remnant of CoL Warner's
reglment, about 140 strong, took post at Manches
ter. Burgoyne'sf army, numberlng abontDOOO men,
was cqnfppcd and furnlshcd with erery warllke
rnatcrkl thatwealth and skill could supply, and
conslited mostly of Brltlsh and German vcteians,
wlth bodles of Canadlans and Tories, anda for
midable horde of Indlans. Its commandcr ex
pectedtomake a triumphal march to Albany,
tbcre to be mct by an army from Ntw York, and
thu, by obtalning the control of the Hudson
rlvert and cuttlng ofl" New England from the
other States, to completo tho conquest of tlie
country for the klng, He had already issucd a
Hamlng proclaniation, tbreatenlng destruction to
the llves and property of all who should oppose
hlm, but promislng protectlon and securfty to
those who thould glre hlm their ndbcslon. and
onering payment "in solld coin" for all provlslons
that stiould bo brought to his camp. On te 10th
of July. havlng rcached Skenesborough, noiv
'Whlteball, he issued another prodamatlon ln
.whlch he directcd "the inhabltants of Castleton,
Hubbardton, Hutland, Tinmouth. Pawlet, Wells,
and Granville, with the nelghboring dfstrlcts ;
alo the distrlcts bordeiing on White Crerk
(Salem), t'amdcn, Cambridge, ctc. etc,'' to eend
ten persons or more from each township, to meet
Colonel Skene 'at Castleton on thelSth, who
would "commnnlcate conditlons upon whlch the
tiersons and propertles of the disobedlent mlght
yet be spared." The proclamailon ' concluded
wlth the iollowlng barbarous threat : "This fall
Uot under paln of mlUtarr executlon."
To a large proportlon of the frontier Inhabl
tants. Burgorne'a army appeared irreslstlble.
Ifho ihonld let loose hfs horde of savagesupon
them, whlch ln his first proclamatlon be sald.
'amounted to thousands," tliere would eem to
be no escapefor them. Great numbers from
those towns, and some from towns still further to
the south, repaln d to Col. Skene, and taking the
oatU. of alleglance to tbe crowo, some from
chotce, and some from supposed neresslty, re
celred writtenprotectlons for thelr security. Of
theie some took up arms agalnst thelr country,
andjolned tbe Invadlng armr. But the more
patriotlc and courageous portlon ofthe inhabl.
lants, scornlng submisslon to the Inraders, aban
doned thelr homes to tbe mercy ofthe enemy,
nnd taklDff wlth them such ef thelr cffects as they
were able to transport, fled to the south, some
stopplng In Bennington, bnt most of them golng
onto tbeir frlcnc'.s In Berkshire county and
Connecticut. Berkshire county, in the languagn
of a cotemporary, wai "burdened wlth thcse
fugHlvci." Nearlyall ofthe territory bctwccn
Bennington and the routesof Burgoyne towards
the Uudjon and Albany was thus mado, ln efleet,
nn encmy' country, and Bennington bccama a
frontier town. . , ,
Prlor to the rcvolnllon the territory of ver
mnnt was known by the name of the New Hamp
shire Grants, over whlch tbe government of Isow
TotU clolmed jurisdlctlon, and also the tltle to lts
Isnds. This clalm was dlsputed bylts Inhabl
tants, who after a longand sovere controvcrsy
had, by a conventlon of thelr delegatcs held ln
Westminster on the 17th of January, 1777, de
clared the territory an lndependent State. At
the tlmeof tho evacuatlon of Tlconderoga bvSt.
Clair, asubequentconvention of the new State
waslnsesslon at Windsor, engagcd Inthe work
offramlnglts constltutlon or goYernment, ond'
the abandonment of that post left the famlltes of
many of its mctnbcrs in immcdiate peril. A' the
news of this alarming ovent tlie constltutton was
somcwhat hurriedly udopted, and havlng ap.
pointcd a conncll of safety to manage the affairs
of the Btate until the regular gorernment could
boput ln opcrauon, tho conventlon adjoarned.
The council of safety thus constituted mct at
Manchester, but soon adjourned to Bennington,
where it contlnued in permnncnt scsslonthrough
outthe year, adoptlng and carrylng into efTcct
tbe most enerpetic nicasures for protecilng the
State againstitsfarelgu as well oslts domeslic
enemles. Presslng messages havlng becn scnt
to New Hampshire and Massachusetts for ald,
such of the mllltla as could be gathcrcd wcre
colled out to strengthcn the force of Coloncl
Warser at Manchester, where an attack vras ap
prehended. A permanent force to patrol the
irontlers. and to guard agnlnst any corert out
brealr of the Tnriis ln thelr mldst wna lndlspensl
ble, and to provlde means for raalntalnlng such a
force, and to inect their other ezpenses In de
fcndlng the State, the council ordcred tbe
property of those of their lnbabltanu that had
joined the cnemy to be scfiuestercd add old. A
proper fund befng thus recured. a-rcglmcnt of
rangers was organized under the corumand of
Col. tjamuel Herrick, which dld efflcient and val
uable serrlce to the Htatc and country.
Hevr Uampshlre responded nobly to the call of
the Vermont council. The asscmbly at once
ordered a large portlon of their mllltla lo bo or
ganized Into a brlgade and placed under tho
command of General John Stark; Ile had Reryed
with credlt and honor ln tbe prenous Freneh
war, and as colonel at Bunker II11I, and ln
Cacada, and under Washington at Trenton and
Frinceton, bnt Congress hadpromoted junlor
ofticera over hlm. and he had reslgned his cora
mlsslon and retired from tbe serrio:, tbongh he
retalned the tame patriotlc ardor as before. He
was reluctant to be placed under ofTlcers hehad
formerly outranked. andtbere was also.at the
tlme, a very general dlstrust in New England of
Uen. Schuyler. who was in command of the north,
era department; for whtcb reasona Gon. Stark'a
wrltten lnstructlons wero,of a discretlonarr char
acter. He was directcd to "repalr to Charles
town. No. 4," and whfn the troops wcre collected
thete " to takc the coumiand of them and march
Into the State of Vermont, and ther act Incon
Junction with the troops of the State, or any
otber ofthe States, or of the United States, or
separately, as It shnuld appear expedlent to him,
for the protectlon of the people, or the annoy
ance of the enemy.
Crosslngthe Green Mountalns from Charles
town wlth the greaterpart of his command, Stark
reached Manchester on the 7th ofAugnst where
bemetGen. Lincoln, who had been sent from
Stillwater by Gen. Schuyler to conduct his
mllltla to the west bank of the Uudson. Stark
communlcaled Uls lnstructlons, and decllncd
obedlence on the ground of the dangerous condi
tlon In whlch lt would leave the people of Ver
mont, and becanse he belleved Hargoyne wonld
be more rmbarrassed In his operatlona by his
remainlng on his left than by Joinlng tbe army
ln front. But for this ref usal of Stark. whlch was
founded on the snundest mllltary vlew of the state
of affairs, Bennington would doubtless have
fallen a prey to the enemy.
At Manchester Stark found that a conslderable
large body of the enemy, whlch for some tlmo
had been at Castleton, threatenlng Manchester
andtocrossoverto Connecticut had marched to
the Hudson, he. wlth his force, passed on to
Bennington where he arrlred ,on the 8th. He
was accompanled by Col. Warncr, whose contl
nental reglment was left at Manchester, under
commandofLieut-Col.SamuelSairord. At nen
nington Gen. Stark encamped fora fowdays,
collectinglnformatlon ln regard to tho posltion
and deslgnsof th enemy, and consultlng wlth
th-j council of safety aud wtth Colonel Warncr
relative to future operations.
The progrese of liurgoyne towards Albany had
been so retarded by the natural difflcnltles ofthe
route. and the obstructlons thrown In hlt way by
the Amcricaus, that it was nearly a month after
his departure fiom Tlcondcroga. .before ho
reached the Uudson river. Here ho found hlm
self so deflclent In provlslons. and also In cattle
and carriaf.es for transportatlon that he wai
much embarraased about tho means of advancing
further. I.earnlug that the artlcles he most
nceded had been collecfd in conslderable (juan
tltles at Bennington, asa ronvcnlent deput to
supply tlie Amerlcan forccs, he resolvod to sclze
them for tbe use of his own arm.
For tbls f errlce Lieut.-Col. Baum was telected.
Burgoyne, ln his letter to the Knghsh minlstry,
states the force under his cpmmand to havo con
sisted of 00 mounted dragoons, "Capt. Frazlei's
marksmen (called also rangers), whlch were the
Only Brltlsh, all the Canadlan volunteera. a party
of. Provlnclals, (Col. l'eter' corps of Tories). 1U0
Indlans, and two Ught pleces of cannon, the wbole
detachment amounticg to about 00 men."
There Is no doubt this number Is too smnll by
severalhundreds. Tho Uermaa ofllcial accounts
glvethe number ottbs troops of Baum at 374
fnsteadof 200; and of tbe Brltlsh Canadlans and
Tories, the prisoners taken in the aetlon
amounted to 230, as wlll he seen hereafter, whlch
would swell Baum'a force to over 000. wlthout
reckoning those who were kllled In battle and
the many who eacaped by ftlght. There can be
little doubt that ihe number of men brought Into
action bv Baura exceeded 700, besldes his 1U0
Indlans. Col. Skene, at tbe rcnuest of Burgoyne,
had accompanled tle expedltfon, that the Ger
man commander migl-t have the benefit of bls
betterknowledgo ofthe country, andof hlssup
posed Influenoe with tbe people.
rnirAniKO ron the nirru!,
Baum set ofl wlth his force on the 13th ol
August, and arrlvedthe same dayat Cambridge,
slxteen milei from Bennington. Early tbe next
mornlng be reached Sancolck, a small settlement
near tho mouth of tho White Crcek branch of the
Walloomsae river, about half a mtle below the
present villago of North Uooslck, Hcro he foun d
nparty of Amerlcans ln possesslon ofa mlll
which they abaudoned pn his approach, andin
the mlll, on tbe hcad of a barrel, lie wrote Hur
goyne an sceount of his progress, Informlng hlm
that by "flve prisoners taken here they agree
that VW to 1890 men areat Bennington, but are
supposed to leave ato jr approach." They dld
leave on his npproAch, but not ln the dlrectlon he
had antlclpnteH. ' ' '
inp old mlll nt sancolck Is still standlng . and In
use by John nBurke. tho present owner, and Is
abnut eight miles from Bennington.
Gen. Stark, on the 13th, Jiad recelml Informv
tion from rcouts thatu papyot Indlans was at
Cambridge, nnd he sent Lieut. Col -Gregg, of hs
brlgade, wlth 200 men to stop thelr progress, but
during tho nlght h wan advlsed tbnt a largo liody
of troops, wlth artlllery, were inthe rear ofthe
Indlans. and that they wcre advanclng towards
Bennington. Ho Immedlatcly nent to .Manches
ter for Col. Warner's contlnental reglment, and
also for nclghboriug mllltla to rally to his sup-
Eort. On Ihe mornlng of tho 14th he nsembled
Is brlgade. and ln conipanv wlth Coloncls
Wamer, Williams, Herrick aud Bush, went out
to meet the enemy. Ho had marched about flve
mlles when he met Gregg, ira- his retreat from
Sancolck, and thn enemy ln close pursuit. Stark
drew up his men In order of battle, but Baum
halted ln a commandlng portlon. and the ground
vccupled bv Stark bcltigunfavorablo for a general
attack-, he fcll back about a mile and encamped
Uls enctmpment was lu the northwest part of
Bennington, oif tlie farra formerly owncdjiy
Paul M. Henry, on the hill. Upon whlch a new
dwelllng. hltn.' latoly ieen rected by Lewis
Northoufc. tho prexent ptopr(etor.
Thn Wallooinsac nvef U branch of thn
awestcrly counc, butwhfch.after passing Stark'
encampment. runiln a northern dlrectlon f.ir
half a mile, then westerly fora mlle anda half.
where It turnn suddenly tothe south and pursues
that conrse for three-quarterx ofa mile or more.
Here, on th west side ofthe river, Baum halted
and made hlt arrangemenu for defense, On the
top of a thlckly wooded hlll, whlch rlse abruptly
three or fuur hundred fet from the west bar.k of
thestream, ho posted the gieitcr part of his
Gennans. under his own iinmediate command.
The posltion was west of the sudden bend In tlio
tream.and Baum's front tothe east waswell
secured agalnst an a'tack by the preclpltous
ascent of the hlll ou tbat side, whlch Impractlca
ble ascent exrended from his camp for half a mile
along the bank of the river to tbe bridge at the
southern foot of the hlll, over which the J-oad
from Bennington to Sancolck and Cambridge
passed. On the top of this hlll Baum prcpared
entrenclimenta of eartli and logs to reslst attacks
from the west and on his flanks.
For the defense of the Important pass at the
bridge Baum caused a strong breastwork to be
thrown up on the blgh bank ofthe rlrer, on whlch
was mounted one of his cannons, In cbarge bf a
body of German Grenadlers. Two small breaat
works were also erected on opposlte sldes ol the
road near the west end ofthe bridge, whlch were
manned bv Frazer's marksmen; and tbe posltion
was atllt further strengthened by posting all the
Canadlans In log huts whlch were standlng near
tlie bridge on both sides of tbe river. Tbls point
is where the river Is now crossed by the covered
rallroad bridge. about three mllcs from North
Bennington, on the route to Tmy.
Baum on his way from the Hudson, and at his
encampment, had beeu jolnrd by a conslderable
number of Tories. inany of them under the lead of
Colonel Francls Pfhter, a half-pay Biltish offlcer
of wealth and extenslve Inflnencp, who occupled
an imposingresidcnce erected bv hlm on the west
bank ofthe Uoosick, near what Is now known as
Uooslck Corncrs. Thesc witli most of Peters
corps of loyalists were posted on a hill east of the
stream, 40 or 60 rods to the sontheast of the
bridge. Here strong works of defense were
erected. known as the "Tory Brcastworks.'l'and
of which CjU Pflster I s understood to have been
placed In command On lt right was a sharp
ravlne, and both flanks would have the protectlon
of balt and grape from tbe cannon at the bridge.
The other cannon. ln cbarge of German Grena
dlers, supported by some Tories, appeari to have
been placed further to the west in a cloared .field
near the road. It wa on a hlll side whlch ver
looked and commanded the approaches tothe
bridge, and to the Tory encampment. and also
the south flankof Baum's encampment. Ittaay
have been mored nearer to Baum's poslttonjdur.
Ingthe engagement. (The several posltloiis In
Baum's forces are ahown by tbe planofjBur
goyne'A account; of bls expedltlon, In wflch a
copy on a reductd ncale, (s glren ln the "llhnor
lafs of a Centurr," by ihe Ilev. Isaac Jf FiInTfS;
and another atlll smallor la found In Loving's
Fleld bok pf tbe Revolutlon. The top of tbelnap
Is west, and upon lt the Tories are deslgnatfu as
"Amerlcan Voliinteers," Ihe Brltlsh marximen
as "Ilangers," th Amerlcans as "llodtes oi tha
Enemy." AUo'hers, cxcept thn "Canadlfns,"
ara Germans. the "Chasures." bclng Oeman,
marksmen. On Burgoyne'a map Ihe Wallooinsac
is called the Hooslc.) The encampmenta f the
two hostile bodles, though little overto jnlles
npart were entlrely hld from the slght nfeach
other by a iicavily w ooded lntervenlng hlll.
The force under General Stark was comiosed
ofthe greater part of his brlgade of New uamp
shlre t&tlilla, a small number of Vermont ritilltia
from the east alde of tho mounlatn, under Colonel
WillUms, who had been stationed at Manchester,
CoL Ilenick's corps of rangers then forming, the
State mllltla from Bennington nnd lts vldni tr under
Col. Nat'ian Bush. and on the mornlng of the 16th
Stark was jolned by Col. Simonds and sotne
mllltla frdra Berkshire county. His whole force
mlght perbaps have numbercd 1,600.
On ihe nlght of the 14th, after ascortalning the
potltlonj ofthe enemy, Stark called a council.
conslstlngof the leadlng members of the council
of safi-'y, as well as Colnnels WarnernndUerrlck,
and other mllltary officers, In whlch a plan for
attacklng tbe enemy wns dlscussed and arlopted,
and it was agrced that the attack should be
made thn next mornlng; but the 15th was so
exccsslvely ralny as to prereit any attempt at a
general action. Scouts were however sent out,
some of whlch were engaged in succewful klr
nilshcs. Tlie BXTTIJC.
The mornlng of the 16th was brlght aridclear,
and Siark prepared for the attack in accordance
wlth the iilan prcviously aureed upon' Col.
Nichols, wlth two hundred of tho New Hampshire
troops, :o whom a relnforcement nt.one hundred
was afterward added, was drtnched to make a
wlde clrcult to the north of Baum'a post and
eome round upon thn rear of his left, and f-olonel
Herrick wlth three hundred men, composed of
his rangeri and Col.Biish's mllltla, was to raakea
llke wlde southern clrcult to th rear of bts right,
tho twopartlea to meet and make ajolnt attack
upon his entrenchments, Cols. lfubbard and
Silckney wlth three hundred men of Stark'a
brlgade,' were ordered, to tho enemy's jextreme
right. Whlle these three detachments were giln
Ing thelr asslgned positlons, the cnemy was
amused by a tbrestened attack on thelr front.
About 3 o'clnck in the afternoon' flring was rom
menced by the party under Nichols, whtcb was a
slgnal for a general auiault. It was Immedlately
rollowea oy tne uetacnment unacr jierncn.uuu
hvthxtnr itiihhnrd and Stlcknev. whlle Stark
hlmself, wlth his reserve of New Uampshlre
mllltla, In tbe face of tbe enemy's cannon, as
aallnd thnTnrv hrpastwork and the nassat the
bridge ln front The engagement thus became
general. and "lasted," sars Stark ln his report to
Gates. "two hours and was the hottest I ever
sw, It roprftsented one contlnued nlapofthun
der." The Indlans, alarmed at tho prospect of
belng cnclosed between tlie partlet of Nichols
and Herrick, fled at the bcgtnnlng ot tbe flght.
but Baum, wlth his Germans iiad allotbers under
his command. havlng the adrantage of thelr
posltion behlnd entrtucbments which the raln of
tne iotn nau given ineni ampje umv to crcv auu
make stronir, fougLt wlth great resohitlon and
' brnvery. but tbey Were overpowered by thelr
mllltla assailants and elther lled or surrendercd
prisoners of war. ,
i The battle belng endod and tlie prisoners sent
ofl to Bennington under a proper gusrd, the
mllltla dlsperaed to look over tho fleld and col.
leyt plunder. But very soon Intelllgence was
bfoughtthat a large addltlonal foro from the
jiusn array ws approaening, ana witnin tne
sstanoe ot two muos. xiih opjy ot uicu was
nder the command ot CoL Breyman, and con-
i f i nt saiTB ai 1hi i mjTii ... w uxaj. ' -jsl m m - mit i r
slstd, beside 22 officers, of 620 rank and and flle
all Germans with two pleces of cannon. whlch
Burgoyne, on hearing that tho force at Benning
ton was greater llian had been expected, had dl
patchod to relnforce Baum, The raln ot the
preceding day and the hcavlncsi of the rnads had
delayed Breyman's arrlval until the victory over
the men he had been sent to ald had becn ac
complishcd. The vlctors were, however. In great
conlusion, and lt appeared difflcult-to stop the
Jirogress of the new enemy, Ilappfly at tbls
uncture Warner's reglment of about 140 men,
whlch had becn delayed by the raln In lts march
from Manchester, came up' fresh under Lieut.
Col. 8alford, and took lts posltion in front, eervlng
asa rallying polnt for the scattered mllltla,
Breyman advanced wlth his two brass fleld pleces
up the road, wlth wlngs of Infantry on each sldc
ol lt, occasionally flring his cannon to clear tbe
way. tha Amerlcans slowly retlrlng before him.
When a conslderable body ofthe mllltla had bcen
collected, a stand was made (about 41 or 60 rods
east of the present Walloomsae depot), and
B reyman'a force brought to a halt. Here liewas
attacked lu frontar.d flank". a most deadly flre
belng poured Into his runkHfromawoodcd hlll on
his leit The action was very severe, and con
tluued tlU After -1111 jet, wheu tnany of Breyman's
men belng. kllle.'l'und woandnd, and his, attlllery
hnrses shotdown. habiu,loned his cannon and
lled. Gn. Stirk pursued his ilvlng forces tlll
the approachlng darknejwrendereditneccssary to
drawou his mntopreveut thelr flrlntr upon each
other. "Wlth one more hour of dayllght," says
Stark In his oITlcliil report, "wo should have cap
turcd the whole body."
KFTECTg Or THK BATTX.K.
Among the trophles of this day's vlctorles,
were four brass fleld pleces, 12bruss drums, 250
sabres, fouramunitlonwagons, several hundred
stand of arms and 638 prisoners. and 207 were left
deadonthe fleld. Tlie whole loss of tho enemy
could uot have ben much less than 900 men.
Some of the coniemporaneous acwunts make
the number still larger. Of tbe prlsonrrs, 20 of
them were officers, 87 Brltlsh soldtns, 39H Ues
slans, 3S Canadlans. and 1S5 Toriss. Col Baum
wasmortally wounded and taken prlaonor, as
was also Col. Pflster, tbe commander of tho Tory
Intrenchments. Both were taken about a mlle to
a houss In tbe town ot Shaftsbury, whlch afew
years ago was still standlng opposlte the present
papermlllof Charles E. Welling, known osthe
''Baum Uouse." In which they both died withln a
day or two afterwards. Tbe loss of the Amerl
cans ln both engagements was about thlrty
kllled and forty wounded.
The victory, ln whlch undlsclpiincd husband
men wlth thelr' huuting guiis w thout bayonets.
brarely stormed entrenchmeiits manned with
regalar troops and defended by canneo, Is jnstly
styled by Bancrort as "ono of the most bnlllant
and erentful of the war." The loss of the enemy
lu men aud lnaterlal was severoly felt. But tbe
consequences were otherwlse still more impor
tant. By Inspirlug confldence on the one side
aud depresslne tlie Bplrltsct the other, thecur
rent of success wai at once turned from tho
Brltlsh to tbe Amerlcan arms The fate of Bur
goyne and his army was. ln effcct, sealed at Ben
nington, and his flnal capture well assured. Gen.
Washington, on belng lnformed oi the event,
considered lt as declding the fate of Burgoyne,
and dismlssed his anxlety about his Invaslon. Its
effect upon tbe enemy was most dUheartening,
Madam llledsel, wifo of ttie commander ot the
German troops, who accompanled her husband
through the campaign, says In her memolrs, that
by Baum's fallure "tht army was prerented
from advanclng. whlle the enemy recoverlng
suddenly from depresslon increased thelr num
bers dally." Burgoyne blmseir, though he strug
led on for a few weeks longer, was evldcntlj
Islieartened. Four days after Baum's defeat,
after preparlng a dlspatch to the Brltlsh mlnlster
for the. puillc car, he wroto hlm another letter
marked(prtvate) dated "Camp near Saratoga,
Aug. 20th, 177,," In whlch be gave qulte a
gloomy account of his affairs, trcatlng the fall
ure ofthe exptdltionto Bennington ashls great
mlsfortune, in whlch he says of lt. that "Had 1
succceded, I should have formed a juncture wlth
St. Leger, and been now before Albany." After
speaklng dlaparagingly of the Tories, he says,
"The great bulk of the countrv Is undoubtedlr
witli tbe Congreas,"and ofthe Vermonters be b)t-'
wrrijauus, -me uampsmre urantsin panicu
lar, a country unpeopled and almost'unknown ln
tbe last war, now abounds wlth the most re
belllous race on the cnntinent, and hanga llke a
gatberlng storm on my left,"
ToGen. Btark should be asslgned thehlghest
lneed of pratse for ihe victory. But he was
nobly alded by the sklll and valor of botb his
officers and men, and thty are all wlth hlm en
titled to the lastlng gratltude of their country.
Of his ofTlcers, Col. Wamer ls undoubtedly rn
titled to special crndlt, Warner was a colonel lo
the Contlnental army, bad acqulred a hlgh repu
tatlon as a mllltary leoder by hlsservices in
Canada and at Hubbardton, and hehad long been
a reslrtent of Bennington, and was famlliarly
acqualnt-d with th ground occupled by the
posts of the enemy and their approaches. He
was Stark's cbtef adviscr In planning thn attack
on the cnemy, he went Into the action by his side,
and was his active assoclate in the first eneage
ment, as wol as in rcpelllng the attack of Brey
man's relnforcement. Dr. Thatcher In his con
temporary mllitary joarnai says: "Stark, assistcd
by Warner, maturrd his plans for the battle,"
and Stark hlmself. in his letter to Gates, after
speaking in the blghest terms of the daring
bravery of tbe ofllctrs and soldlers under his
command, says: ''Col. Warner's superlor skill in
the action was of extraordlnary aurvlco to me "
Uordon in his bistory, also speaks hlgbly of tbe
nervices of Col. Warner, and also those of Col.
Herrick of the Vermont rangers Other officers
and men deserve notlce for thelr meritoriont ex
ertlonsin galnlng the victory, but tbe space
allowed for tbls nrtide will not permlt lt. There
are also numerous interestlng matters and lud
denu connected with the battle that must for the
llke reason be omltted. It has been ouly posslble
to give tba leadlng facts
Gen. Stark from his arrival ln Manchester
octed In accordance wlth the Vermont Council of
Safety, and received thelr earnest countenance
and support ln his moyementa, whlch were duly
appretiated by him, as la shown by a pablicatlon
In the Connecticut Courant over bls own aigna
ture, ln whlch he passed ou the council a hlgh
euloglum for thelr patriotlc exeitlons andser
When ths Congress at Philodelphia wasin
formed of Gen. Stark'a declining tomove his
force from Manchester to the west side of the
Uudson, as before mentloned, a resolye was
passed dlsapprorlng of lt. Hut after the wisdom
of his conduct in that respect bad been demon.
strated by his victory and Its fortunate effect on
tbe campaign, they came tardllr to the determin.
atlon to do hlm full jutttce, by approvlng his
fiairiuucBcrvicesana restonng nim toms mer
tcdrankln the armr.
To the taxpayers of tne Bennington Graded
Sehool Oistrlclt : A rate bill bas been placed ln my
hands for collectlon of 60 cents on tne dollaron
tbe Grand Llst of 1891; I hereby demand the
amount of sald taxand notlfyyon that Iwlll at
ten 1 to the receptlon of ihe same at First Natlonal
Bank of Bennington, on and after July 1st. 1891,
from 9 o'clock a. m. until 4 o'clock, p. m.
There will be a dlseount of 4 per cent, on sald
tax if pald withln 90 days.
GEO. F. GAVES,Treasnrer.
Bennington. Vt- July 1st. 189h
Wotice. , ,
To the tarpaversol the Town of Bennington:
The rate bllfof Ihe Town taxes of 1691 aronowln
my hands for collectlon; I hereby' demand tho
payment of sald taxes and notlfy you that I wlll
attend to tbe receptlon of thu same at First Na
Uonal Bank of Bennington, on and after July lst,
1891, from 0 o'clock, a. m. until 4 o'clock p. m.
There will bo a dlseount of 4 per cent. on tbe
Town tax lf pald withln 90 days.
GEO. F. GBAVES, TTcarurer.
Bennington, Vt., July lst, 1891,
" " OF TnE
BENNINGTON . BSTTLE MONUMENT,
' And Oentennlal of 'tbe '
Adrhission of Yerifiont into the Union.
f. ' AUGUST 19, 1891.
. OFFICE OF THE CHIEF MARSHAL.
Betnnington, Vt., August 10th, 1891.
OitDEits No. 2.
For the information of pfficers commanding organiziitions in
vited to participato in the parade to be held in connection with
the Dedication o the Bennington Battle Monument, and celebra
tion of tho one hundredth anniversary of the Admission of Ver
mont into the Union, on Wednesday, August 19th, 1891, the fol
lowingregulations governing the parade are announcsd:
ORDER IN COLUMN.
Platoon ol Mounted Deputios, commanded byJohn Robinson, Sheriff,
Platoon of Polico, commanded by John Nash, Chief of Police.
Brig. Gen. Wiluam L. Gbf.enleak, Chief Marshal.
, , Bvt. Lt. Col. Marcus D. Grceno, Chief ofStaff.
Bvt. Lt. Col. Wm. Smith, Chief Quartermaster, Major Robert J. Coffoyr
Perscnal Aides Capt. Ralph W. Hoyt, 11th Infantry; U.S. A.;Capt
Horbert S. Fostor, 20th Infantry, U. S. A.
Headquarters Flag Red, white and bluo.
Escort to Chief Marshal John A, Logan, Mounted Post, No.88, G. A. R
H. G. Hibbard. Commander,
FIRST DIVISION-fRed Flag.)
Col. Jolius J. Estey. lst Regt. V. N. G Asst. Marshal, commanding.
Aides Lieut. James A. Lillis, Liont. Charles H. Fuller, Lieut. J. Gray
Estoy, Lieut. Arthur G. Eaton, lst Regt. V. N. G.
Rubleo's Band, Lake Villagc, N. H.
Battalion of Amoskeag Veterans, Manchester, N. H.. (Maj'or Charles
Bartlett, commanding, as escort to the reviewing party, consisting of
tbe President ofthe United States and mombcrs of his Cabinet,
Governorsof States and thelr Adjutants General, President of
the Day, Orator of tha Day, General Officers ofthe
Army, and Vermont Senators and Rep
rcsentatives in Congress.
Detailfrom theG. A. R., as special escort to Presidont Harrison, Major
John S. Drennan, commanding.
Montpelier Mllllary Band, 40 pleces.
First Regimont Vermont National Guard, Lieut. Col. Charles C. Kins
First Regiment Band, N. H. N. G.
Battalion New Hampshire National Guards (3 corapanies), Maj.jFranci
O. Nims, commanding.
Doring's Band, Troy. N. Y.
21st Separate Company, N. G. S. N. Y., Troy, Capt. Jas. H. Lloyd, com-
32d Separate Company Band, Hoosick Falls, N. Y.
32d Separate Company N. G. S. N. Y Hoosick Falls, N. Y Capt.
' Charles W. Eddy, commanding,
Drum Corps, North Adams. Mass.
Light Guard Battalion, North Adam, Mass., Major F. H. Flomming, com-
' manding. ' . f
Battery B., 4th Artillery, U. S. A. BrevofMajor Harry C. Cushing, com
. . manding.
First Light Battery, V. N. G.,T Bvt. Col. Lovl. K. Fuller. commanding-
SECOND DIVISION-(Whito Flag).
Col. Albebt W. Metcalf, 2J Rogt. N. H. N. G.J Asst Marshal, com
manding. Aides Major Charles E. Nelson, V.JN. G., Liput. Sumner Nims, N.H.
. N. G., Gen. Lovi G. Kingsley, G. A. R. , Gen. Charles F. Branch
K. T., Capt. Frank L. Grpeno , S. of V.
U. S. Military Academy Band.
Corps of Cadets, U. Si Military Academy, West Point, Lieut. Col. H-'8r
Hawkins, U. S. A, Commandant.
Rutland Cornet Band.
Department of Vermont, Grand Army oftho Ropublic, D. L. Morgao
Fairfax Drum Corps.
Willard Post G. A. R., Troy, N. Y., Charles M. Leot, Commander.
Other visiting G. A. R. Po3ts.
Vermont Veteran Association,Boston, Mass., JohnJM. Warden President,
Mount Calvary Commandery No. 1, (molmted) of Middlebury. Sir
Frank A. Goss, Eminent Commander, as special escort to tbe
St. Albans Brigade Band, (80 pieces) H. W. Hatch, leador.
Grand Commcnderyjof Vermont, Sir Kittredge Haskins, Right Eminent
Lafayette Commandery No. 8 of St. Albans, Sir George W. Bnrleson,
Burlington Commandery No. 2, of Burlington, Sir Henry H. Ross,
Meacham Drum Corps, (8 pleces) H. E. Meacham, leader.
Vermont Commandory No. 4, of Windsor, Sir Henry L. Williams,
PalestineCommandery No. 5, of St. Johnsbury, Sir Fred W. Taylor.
Killington Commtfndery ITo. 6, of Rutland, Sir Edward V. Ros3, Emi
First Regiment Band of Brattleboro, (25 pleces) Fred C. Leightsinger,
Beausoant Commandery No. 7. of Brattleboro, Sir Wllliam H. Vinton,
Mount Zion Commandory No. 9, of Montpelier, Sir N. W.Frink, Emi
Malta Commandery No. 10, of Newport, Sir Edwin B. Truo, Eminont
Taft Commandery No. 8, of Bennington, Sir Wm. Bogert Walker,
Subordinato Commanderios Knights Templar, as escort for captured
Putnam Phalanx, Hartford, Conn,, O. H. Blanchard, Major Command
ing. as Guard of Honor.
Detachment of Fullor's Battery in Continental uniform. in chargo of two
plcccs of artillery captured by General Stark at tho Battle of
EiVermont and other State Socioties Sons of tho American Rovolution,
Col. W. Soward Wobb, Presldent-Genoral.
Camp Capt. Frank Ray. Sons of Veterans , Bennington, Capt. Androw
Maurer, Commanding, as escort for Illinois Association Sons of
Vermont, and kindrcd societies'.
THIRD DIVISION-(Bluo Flag).
Col. WnxiAM M. Stbacuan, 9th Regt., M. V. M., Asst. Marshal, Com
manding. Aides-Capt. Max L. Powoll, Capt. Allen H. Sabln, V. N. G., Cher. J. I
Loomis. I. O. O. F.
Undorwood Hussars, Patriarchs Militant, Boston. Mass.,
Lieut. Gen. Jno. C. Underwood, Commandor-in-Chlef, Patriarchs Mili
tant, and Staff, mounted.
Col. N. M. Puffer, Commanding Dopartmentof Vermont, Patriarchs .
Militant. and staff.
Shornian'a Military Band.
First Rogimont, Patriarchs Militant, Dopartment of Vermont, Lt. Col.
Lowell C. Grant, Commanding.
Brig. Gen. James 0. Woodward , Commanding lst Brigade, Patriarchs
Militant, and staff.
CantonNemo, No.l, Albany, N. Y.; Canton Leo. No. 8, Troy, N. Y.;
Canton Amsterdam, Amsterdam, N. Y.
Brigadier-Genoral Goorgo H. Carpenter and staff, commanding Second
Brigade, Divlsion of tho East.
Colonel W. H. Ralph and staff, commanding Second Rogiment of
Cantons of Second Regimont of Massachusotts.
Colonol Gcorgo II. Randel, and staff, commanding Third Rogiment
Third Regiment Military Band
Third Regimont comprising all Cantons in Wcstorn Massaohusetts.
Indcpenaont Order of OddT Follows, J. W. Goodoll, Grand Mastor.
Invitcd guests in carnagoa .