Newspaper Page Text
THE YALE EXPOSITOR, FRIDAY. SEPT. 24, 1909.
THE LAW MID THE
SALE OF "BOOZE"
1F YOU HAVE A LOCKER AT THE
CLUB YOU CAN DRINK
THE DRUG STORE SALES
Farmer May Make and Sell Cider or
Wine The Delivery in the Local
Inquiries have poured into the attorney-general's
repartment In a flood
regarding certain phases of the new
Waraer-Cramton general liquor law
and the "search and seizure" law, and
the department is sending out letters
to many prosecuting attorneys and
municipal officers regarding various
points of the two acts.
A summary of the opinions given
by Attorney-General Bird on the points
of most widespread Interest has been
given out. Regarding the "search and
seizure" law, which applies only to
local option counties, he says that a
.mere order on a druggist signed by a
.physician to deliver a certain quan
tity of liquor to a certaia person is
not a prescription. The prescription
should be in the form In which pre
scriptions are regularly and common
ly written and should specify the man
ner of uBlng the liquor prescribed.
Two Important questions were, first:
Can a club have it so arranged that
each member can have a locker In
the club rooms and each one have his
Jiey to that locker and own the con
tents and when all the members or
a part gather together, each go and
take his own liquor and drink it him
self? Second, would It be a violation
for a' hotel keeper at a banquet to
serve liquor brought by the parties
being banqueted and owned by them,
and only served by the hotelkeeper?
The attorney-general says be regards
Jt as doubtful whether the act would
prohibit ia club permitting Its indi
vidual members keeping liquor in a
locker, accessible only to the indi
vidual member and for his own per
sonal use. It is added that it Is doubt
ful whether the courts would hold a
hotelkeeper to be a violator who
serves guests their own liquor.
From Livingston county came the
question as to whether a railway com
pany may deliver liquor from any
point in the state to a point in a local
option county, and whether a drayman
delivering liquor to private houses vio
lates the local option law. It Is not
thought either the railway or the
drayman can be said to be "lurnlshlng
liquor" within the meaning of the
Regarding cider, the attorney-general
says unfermented cider does not
come within the statute and may be
manufactured and sold in any quan
tity. Fermented cider. If made from
fruit grown within the county, may
be sold in quantities not less than five
Kallons, and wine may be manufac
tured in any quautity from fruit grown
" Cannot Marry Affinity.
The proposed wedding of Frank
Ilallick, 58, and Mary Dubay, 53, of
Saginaw, has been delayed by circum
stances over which the pair have no
control. Chief obstacle is Josephine
Jlalllck, for 33 years the common law
wife of Halllek and mother of his 11
children. She declines to give way
for her husband's iew affinity. Thrj
local priests, preachers and justices
liave refused to perform the ceremony.-
Hallick wrote to Bishop
Richter for a special dispensation, but
was refused. His marriage license
was taken out Sept. 7.
High County Taxes.
Auditor-General Fuller has complet
ed the apportionment of state taxes
for the several counties. The total
.amount Is $5,929,719.74, as compared
Kith $4,193,422.93 last year.
The amounts charged against some
f the counties paying the largest
proportion of the tax are as follows:
Hay, $109,423.35: Calhoun, $140,198.67;
Jenesee, $10C.C03.87; Ingham. $109,
423.45; Jackson. $120,520.75; Kalama
ioo, $119.C81.79: Kent. $37C.142.77;
Saginaw, $147,037.63; Wayne, $1,217,
234.77. The Local Option Law.
W. P. Dodds, of Detroit, and James
1U11, of Toledo, were arrested in
Howell on a charge of violating the
local option law. They are attaches
of the Pere Marquette and Ann Arbor
Tiillroads, respectively, and it is
claimed that they sold liquor to pas
sengers on their trains while they
mere within the limits of Livingston
county, which is "dry." The arrests
"were made by the sheriff, who de
rlaros his intention to enforce the
law and prevent the sale of liquor on
trains in this county.
Poison In the Well.
A largo quantity of Paris green,
discovered in the well of Joseph !.io
laski, a Taymouth township farmer,
la held by the authorities, who are
investigating the case, to be a de
liberate attempt to murder the entire
lolaskl family. Molaskl'a wife and
ono child were made desperately 111
by the poisoned water. Molaskl ha3
told of an old grudge hell by a neigh
bor, and the suspected persons will
probably be arrested.
The pafe in the Graham & Morton
Loat line at Holland was blown open
rarly Tursday morning at the dock of
the transportation company. Between
13.000 and $3,000 in cash was taken.
The police have no clue to the rob
bers. Nearly 100 representative citizens
met the members of the Saginaw
trade extension excursion In tho Odd
Fellows' hall at Caro M-onday night
and discussed the proposed railroad
Iretween Caro and Saginaw. The
road, which has teen talked of for 20
yar3 in this section, received a good
lio??:t as a result of the conference.
Monroe will establish a paid fire de
partment. Mrs. T. J. Church, of Flint, having
lost faith in banks, hid $120 In the
stove. It's missing.
Mrs. Bertha Haker will be (arraigned
In St. Johns for the murder of her
husband at Victor.
Eight cars were wrecked and a
mogul engine ditched when two
freight trains on. the Pere Marquette
road collided at Salem. Nobody was
John Bagley, who died at Grand
Rapids at the age of 68, from heart
failure, was one of the' founders of
the National Biscuit Co.
Pontlac's council will order a spe
cial election to vote on the issuance
of $125,000 bonds lor a new water
supply system and reservoir.
Demented through loss of her lover,
who died several months ago in the
old country, Mary Staltsack, a Polish
girl, was taken from the home of J. J.
McTavish, of Saginaw, where Bhe was
employed, a raving maniac.
J. T. Owen, of Flint, reported to the
police that a strange man gave his
1-year-old girl candy on the street. A
few minutes after eating the candy
the child was taken with convulsions
and she is now In a serious condition.
Sheriff Schultz's Investigation has
convinced him that the half-witted
son of Joseph Malowskl, a farmer
living near Saginaw, put poison In
the' family well, and he will try to
have the lad sent to a state Institu
tion. It is said the boy poisoned a
neighbor's well and has been putting
poison in his father's well for several
Despondent because the wife from
whom he had been estranged refused
to give him an Interview or to ac
cept overtures for a reconciliation.
Patrick Kerin, of Arenac county, at
tempted to end his life by cutting
veins in his wrist. He was taken to
Standish for treatment and Is In the
county jail, but it is believed that his
recovery is impossible.
Mrs. Edwin Dickson, of Chief Lake,
Manistee county, was removed dying
from a Pere Marquette train at Hart
Saturday morning and died two hours
later. She had been taken suddenly
ill In the cars while on the way to
visit relatives and grew worse rapid
ly. The physicians called to attend
her state that the woman was poison
ed by food eaten on the train.
For a week or so John M. Cody, the
mentally unbalanced Detroit man who
"arrested" Dr. Fritch and gave him
a merry chase a few nights ago, had
Pontlac excited by his plans for a
big auto plant, the lifting of the debt
on the city hospital, the boosting of
a local bank by a million-dollar de
posit, and other stunts of like magni
tude. Then Pontiac found out.
One full week's operation of ' the
amended local option law In Van
Buren county shows two drug stores
closed up and out of business. In
five of 22 remaining places no liquor
sales are reported. The total num
ber of sales in the entire county was
97, considerably less than one sale
per day for each drug store, as
against an average of 24 sales per
day for each store under the old law.
George O. Scott, of Port Orange,
Fla., and William Rogers, of Albion,
veterans of the Eighth Michigan
cavalry, met at Traverse City Thurs-,
day at the reunion of the Grand
Traverse Soldiers and Sailors' associ
ation, for the first time since 18C5.
The two parted at the door of Ander
sonvllle prison, where they were fel
low prisoners for seven months,
Feb. 2S. 1865. Scott to go to Annapolis
hospital in feeble health, ,nd Rogers
to rejoin his regiment.
Attorneys for F. C. Hook, of Adrian,
father of Wallace Hook, the boy who
refused to sign an "anti-fraternity"
pledge, and was "denied tho right to
enter the local high .school, were
granted a mandamus by the circuit
court Monday to compel the school
board to show cause why young Hook
should not Ire allowed to enter. The
action Is the first result of a rule
adopted by the school board several
weeks ago, whereby all students were
to pledge themselves not to Join a
fraternity or society considered per
nicious by the board.
The Lepers of the World.
Virtually admitting the incurability
of leprosy, declaring that the disease
is contagious from person to person,
that every country should isolate
those suffering from the disease, that
children of lepros . parents , should be
separated from .theiji at th..;earliegt.
possible moment and i lepeisehould not
be allowed in certain trades or occu
pations, resolutions were adopted by
tho second International conference on
leprosy held In Bergen, Norway.
A report of the conference was pre
pared by Dr. Donald H. Currie, of the
marine hospital service, one of the
official delegates from the United
The resolutions express the desira
bility of continuing search for a spe
cific remedy with the greatest zeal.
' Every country," the resolutions con
tinue, "in within the range of possi
ble infection." .
' A somewhat startling distribution of
leprosy Is Indicated by statistics fur
nished to the conference, there being
approximately 200,000 cases through
out the world, while concealment of
cases probably exists to a greater or
loss extent in every country. India
holds the record with 97,310 cases;
Japan follows with 40,000, with 14C
cases in the United States.
When Tena Decker and 1 Dirk
Wolfis, prominent Hollanders, reached
the church where they were to be
married Thursday evening, the groom
discovered that he had lost the mar
rlago license, and the ceremony war,
postponed until the county clerk
could be routed out of bed and a new
Angry because Michigan money
goes over the state line to be spent
In Hurley, a wide-open Wisconsin
town, the salooniats of Ironwood.
Wakefield and Bessemer will raise
monev to contest the lerallfv nf the
::ew Warncr-Cramton law.
THE POLE QUEST
DR. COOK CLAIMS A COMPLETE
ANSWER TO ALL PEARY'S
LED A STRENUOUS LIFE.
Returned to the Primitive, and Sacri
ficed All the White Man's Comforts
to Win the Goal.
Dr. Frederick A. Cook evinces the
strongest desire to arrive in New
York as-quickly as possible. He is
anxious to prove to America the ve
racity of his claims, although the
charges brought against him by Com
mander Peary and others do not cause
him the slightest concern. He has a
complete answer, he says, for every
In reply to a question as to what
answer he would make these charges
Dr. Cook said:
"I will not enter Into any controver
sy until I know definitely what has
been brought against me and whence
It emanated. Commander Peary's gen
eral charges do not call for any re
sponse from me until he gives to the
public as much as I have. He has
given few details of his journey.
Claiming that he reached the pole on
a certain date, without much else.
"His accusations are founded pure
ly on statements given him by an
ignorant man, whom I purposely kept
from learning the facts. When I land
I will examine the charges and reply
when the proper time comes. Peary's
declaration that he is the only man
who has been to the pole, still awaits
proof. As to the affirmation that
Peary has evidence to refute my story,
that evidence is based on the word of
Murphy, that boatswain, who Is un
able to read or write.
"I have already expressed my readi
ness to place my observations before
a committee from scientific bodies,
and the verdict of that committee will
justify my story.
"I have a record of observations
that will prove my claim that I went
to the pole."
This is Dr. Cook's message to the
American people, as he nears the
shores of America on the steamship
Oscar II. "The reason for my sue
cess.V said Dr. Gook, "is that I re
turned to the primitive life." In ex
plaining how he sacrificed all the
comforts of the white man. Dr. Cook
said that on one occasion he and his
Eskimo companions, having no thread
to sew the skins of their clothing to
gether, unraveled their stockings.
This was after their clothing had
been worn to rags In the march, and
It was necessary to provide new cloth
ing. The party had no eating utensils
and obtained light only from musk
ox fat in a lamp with a wick of dried
moss. Only two matches a day were
burned, so precious were they.
Each long winter night was utilized
by Cook in writing. He used a primi
tive stone desk and lay prone while
at work on his manuscript.
Polar bears made exits from Cook
igloos or shelters dangerous at all
Once the Eskimos, going In search
of game, left Dr. Cook weaponless,
with the shoulder of a seal, food he
was keeping for emergency. Asleep
In his canvas boat with this meat,
the explorer was awakened by a bear,
but seizing the runner of a sled, beat
the bear off. It came back again, but
finally fled. I
f aft in Minnesota.
The president, arriving In Minne
apolis shortly before 8 a. m., Satur
day, began his day with a breakfast
at the Minneapolis club, where he was
quartered as the guest of the recep
tion committee- of the Twin Cities.
Next there was an automobile ride
through the business and residence
rectlons of Minneapolis, around the
lake shore drives, to the soldiers'
home, where the president reviewed a
double line of blue uniformed veter
ans and then proceeded to Fort Snell
Ing, where there was a review of the
regular troops stationed there and a
brief reception at the officers' club.
As the president's party entered the
military reservation the chief execu
tive was met by a troop of cavalry
and a salute of 21 guns was fired.
The president's red flag was borne by
a trooper at the president's side
throughout his stay on the reserva
tion. In his auditorium speech In St.
Paul the president called out pro
longed applause and cheering when
he declared of Gov, Johnson:
"I unite with you in a fervent pray
er to God that he may be spared to
you and to the country. With his
ability, his courage, his great common
sense, he cannot be spared. He is
too valuable, not alone to the people
of this state, but to the1 people of the
nation, who doubtless will Insist In
time that he shall serve them."
The jury In the case or Harper C.
Bennett, on trial in Los Angeles for
the alleged poisoning of his wife In
June last, reported a disagreement
after being out about 26 hours and
was discharged. The district attorney
has announced that steps will be tak
en at once for another trial.
Gov. Harmon, of Ohio, has invited
the governors of all the states and
territories of the United States to at
tend with delegations the national
good roads congress to be held in
Columbus, October 26 to 29.
William Buckley, convicted of the
murder of George W. Rice In San
Francisco during the machinists'
strike. In October, 1901, was sentenced
by Jadge Trawler to be hanged at San
Quentin on November 19. Buckley
was sentenced to death twice pre
vlously for the same crimp, but each
Mme the execution was delayed by
appeals, all of which were overruled.
Peary and Cook Reach the Wild Scrap
visited by the newspaper
correspondents at Battle Harbor,
Labrador, Sunday, one of them asked
Peary if it could have been possible
for Cook to have faked a set of ob
servations without himself going to
"In the opinion of Rear Admiral
Melville, Admiral Sir George Nares
.and myself, it would have been pos
sible," said the commander, and then,
explicitly, he put restrictions on fur
ther Inquiry along this line. He
quoted a statement he had sent
through the air on Sept. 16, which
was to the effect that he would pay
no attention to "fake stories or side
issues of any kind" until the main
question of whether or not Cook had
been to the Pole had been' settled.
After that be would be willing to
take up any matter he deemed worthy
of his attention.
"This statement shows my posi
tion," he said, "and it must remain
until a definite and detailed state
ment by Cook is out over his own
Dr. Coolo has this to say: "Why
should Peary be allowed to make
himself a self-appointed dictator of
my affairs? In Justice to himself. In
justice to the world and' to guard the
honor of national prestige, he should
be compelled to prove his own case;
he should publish at once a prelimi
nary narrative, to be compared with
mine, and let fair-minded people
ponder over the matter.
"I know Peary, the explorer. As
such he is a hero In Arctic annals and
deserves the credit of a long and hard
record. To Peary, the explorer, I am
still willing to tip my hat, but Peary's
unfounded accusations have disclosed
another side to his - character which
will never be forgotten.
"When Peary wired that he had
nailed the stars and stripes to the
Pole, I Immediately sent congratula
tions. I then believed, as I do now,
that his work over a new route far
east of my line of travel, was a new
conquest of great Importance, and. of
course, that his position at the Pole
would supplement my work with
valuable data. There is room enough
and honor enough for two American
flags at the Pole."
The total cash receipts of the gen
eral land office for the .fiscal year
ended June 30 last were $11,627,688,
which Is a decrease of about $1,000,
000 compared with the previous year,
according to a statement Issued by
Detroit. Cattle Dry-fed steers. &
T..25: steers and heifers. 1.000 to 1.200
$4.7Sfc 5; steers and heifers, 800 to 1.00.
$444.25; frrasa steers and heifers that
are fat, M)0 to J.000. $4 4. -Ti; (trass
steers and heifers that are fat. BOO to
"00. $5.25fi3.50; choice fat cows. $4;
frood fat cows. $3. BO; common ' cows,
$2.508 3: cannerfl. $1.75&'2: choice heavy
hulls. $3.50; fair to Rood bolognas,
bulls. $3iS.25; stock bulls. $2.75 U 3 50:
choice feedlnjr steers. hOO to 1,000. $4&
4.25; fair ffedinff steers. 800 to 1.000,
$3.50 H 4: choice stockers. 500 to 700
$3.50; fair stockers. 500 to 700. $3.25$j
3.50; stock heifers, $2.75; milkers, large,
young, medium age, $4050; common
milkers, $ 25(35.
Vfal calves Market opened steady
with Inst week, closing r.0 lower:
best. $8.50519.50; others, $4 fi 7.C0 ; milch
cows and springers. $3 to $5 lower.
Sheep and lambs Market quality
common, prices average about steady
with last week: will close lower: best
lambs. $6.25 ((I 6.50; fair to good lambs,
$fi(ri6; light to common lambs. $3.50tf
4.5o; yearlinirs, $4.50i": fair to gooil
sheep, $3.504; culls and common, $2 Of
Hogs Market very dull, 10c to 15fl
lower; quality common. Ranre of
prices: Light to good butchers. $s.l5Ci
K.25; pigs. $7 57.50; light yorkers, $7.59
ft 8; stags, 1-3 off.
Kast Buffalo Cattle Common and
medium. 10c lower: best feeders, 155?
25c lower; little stockers sold about
steady; fresh cows and springers. $3i
5 ppr head lower: best export steers,
$6.50?6.S(0; best 1.200 to l.SOO-lh ship
ping steers, $66.23; best 1.100 t
1,200-lb shipping steers. $22.214.171.124;
medium 1.050 to 1,150-lb steers. $5J
5.25; light butcher steers, $4.505t4.75;
best fat cows. $4.25f; 4.75: fair to rood
cows, $3.60i'4: light cows. $2 tfj 3 2"i
trimmers. $23 2.2.'; best fat heifers, $5ff?
5 25; fair to good fat heifers, $4.25
4.50; common fat heifers, $3.r05j 8. 7o;
host feeding steers. $4 (ft 4.25 Blockers,
$3.40fii3.85; little common stockers,
$3.25((3.50: best bulls, $4t4l50; bologna
bulls, $3.25 3.50; 'stock bulls. $2.753;
best fresh cows and snrlngers. $45W55;
fair to good cowg and springers, $305$
40; common cows and springers, 20HP
25. Hogs Strong; heavy. $8.70(f S.;
mixed, $S.60r8..5; yorkers, $s.40 iff 8.75;
pigs, $858.10; roughs. $7.4051)7.50.
.Sheep Active: best lambs. $7.70; 7.80;
fair to good. $6.50 5? 7.60; culls. $5.25(J
5.75: vearlings. $5.255i5.75: wethers.
$4,755? 5.25; ewes. $4.50(04.75. Calves
Steadv: best. $3.75; lair to gooa, y
7.25; heavy, $45.
Detroit. Wheat Cash No. 2 red, 1
car at $1.10i. cloalnar at $1.11: Sep
tember opened nt $1.10 and advanced
to $1.1 December opened unchanged
nt $1.114. advanced to $1.12i. declined
to $1.12',4 and closed at $1.12ft: May
opened at $1.12, moved up to $1.13.
dropped to $1.13'i and closed at $1.134;
No 1 white. 1 car at $1.09. closing at
Corn Cash No. 2. 70'4c; No. 3 yel
low. 1 car at 72',fce; No. 3 yellow. 1 car
Oats Standard, 3 ears at 41 Vic; No.
3 white, 1 car at 4014c, closing at
Kve Cash No. 1. 70Hc bid.
lenns Cash. $2.20; October, $2.0;
Cloverseed Prime spot old. 100 bags
at $8; snmnle, 20 bags at $8. 32 at $7.50.
12 t $7. 5 nt $6.50: October, 100 bags
at $8.70; March. 200 bags at $S.70:
prime alfike. $7.85; sample al?lke. 25
bags at Ji.ou. zo at . u at jtj.it), 9
Feed In 100-lb sacks, lobbing lots:
Hr.m. $25; coirso middlings, $26; An
middlings. $30: cracked corn. $30:
coarse cornmeal. $30; corn and ont
clion. $28 per ton.
Klour nest Mfchlsran patent. $.".S5;
ordlnarv patent. $5.50: Btralsrht. $.Yi!:
clear. $5.25: pure rye, $4.2.".; soring
patent, $5.25 per bbl Ir. wood. Jobbing
The Newport News Shipbuilding
Co., building the battleship Delaware,
has asked tho navy department for a
trial trip Oct. 20. The probability Is
that the ship will be delivered somo
months ahpad of contract time. The
battleship North Dakota Is in a liko
stage of completion.
Mora than ten miles above tho
earth's surface I3 tho hight attained
by a registering balloon which was
sent up by Prof. Ilergppell from
Prince of Monaco's yacht on Sept: 7,
190C, near Tromsoe, Norway. This
beats nil records
HEWS OF A WEEK IN
HECORD OF MOST IMPORTANT
EVENTS TOLD IN BRIEFEST
AT HOME AND ABROAD
Happenings That Are Making History
Information Gathered from All
Quarters, of the Globe and
Given in a Few Lines.
TOUR OF THE PRESIDENT.
President Taft met 50 members of
the Japanese commercial mission to
the United States at Minneapolis and
bade them a hearty welcome to this
President Taft, in the most Import
ant speech he has delivered since his
election, told an audlencevat Winona,
Minn., that the new tariff law is the
best revenue measure the Republicans
ever passed and denounced the Insur
gents who voted against it.
In a speech In Chicago President
Taft renewed his promises to labor
to obtain legislation against injunc
tions in strike cases.
Marvin Hughltt, president of the
Chicago & Northwestern Railway
Company, in an Interview In New
York, predicted an era of great in
dustrial activity and record crops.
J. P. Morgan, Jr., was elected a di
rector of the National City bank in
New York, to fill the place caused by
the death of E. II. llarrlman.
W. W. Rockhill, the newly-appointed
American ambassador to Russia, ar
rived in St. Petersburg from Berlin.
Gov. John A. Johnson of Minnesota
was operated on for an Intestinal ab
scess at Rochester, Minn., and his
condition was reported as critical. lie
was on the operating table nearly
Eight men were killed In a wreck
of passenger and freight trains on the
Nashville, Chattanooga and St. Louis
railroad near Pegram Station In Ten
nesee. Miss Gerda Sebbelov, a Danish girl,
who is attending college In New York,
claims to have received letters from
Eskimos In Greenland, where she
spent three years, saying Dr. Cook did
discover the north pole.
President Taft decided in favor of
Secretary Ballinger in the controversy
with Glfford Pinchot and ordered the
discharge of L. II. Glavis, chief of tho
field division of the general land of
fices. The convention of the Yeomen of
America rescinded at Springfield, 111.,
Its action making the temporary or
ganization of the convention perma
nent. Commercial fishermen along the Illi
nois river in central Illinois are fav
ored by a decision of Circuit Judge
Hlgbee In refusing to grant an injunc
tion asked by wealthy members of
Chicago, St. Louis and Indianapolis
clubs controlling lands in that section.
Resides electing James Sweeney of
the Chicago and Eastern Illinois rail
road as president, the Roadmasters
and Maintenance of Way association,
in session at Washington, picked Chi
cago for the meeting place in 1910.
By an agreement between the attor
ney general and counsel at Union,
Tenn., In the indictments against 100
men as night riders, the cases are
continued until November and bonds
of $25,000 are allowed.
The twenty-third annual convention
of the Association of American Ceme
tery Superintendents is In session, at
New York. Their hosts are enter
taining them with trips to the metro
Virginia has obtained from tho fed
eral government the large figure-head
which formerly adorned the prow of
the battleship Virginia, but the stato
officers are at a loss to make proper
use of the ornament now that they
Mrs. Will Nowling was slain near
Pollard, Ala., by Mrs. Henry Nowling,
her nephew's wife, who used a shot
gun. The women had quarreled about
the use of a storehouse. The victim
Gov. Haskell of Oklahoma has ten
tative plans looking to the calling of a
special .session of the legislature to
ask for an appropriation for installing
a state oil pipe line to the gulf.
John E. Gibson, who killed a fellow
soldier at Fort Brady, has been sen
tenced at Marquette, Mich., to a life
term In the federal prison at Leaven
Lord Tweedmouth, former first lord
of the admiralty in England and
whose correspondence with the kaiser
caused a sensation in 1908, is dead.
- J. C. Harbert was shot and killed on
the street at Frankfort, Kan., by C. W.
Humberd. Roth were railroad con
tractors. The controversy over the boundary
line between Bolivia and Peru, which
has threatened to cause war, has
been settled by the signing of a pro
tocol. Teru and Bolivia will gfffn a proto
col for the settlement of their dif
ferences. Count Leo Tolstoy, whoso eighty
first birthday recently was celebrated,
Is visiting Moscow for the first
time In several years.
Governors and merchants of four
states will attend the convention o'
the Ohio Valley Improvement associa
lion at Cincinnati October 14 and if.
During the early days In the pe
rlod of the growth of the grain crop In
Western Canada, as well as throughout
the ripening and garnering period,
there is yearly growing an increasing
interest throughout the United States,
as to the results when harvest is com
pleted. These mean much to the thou
sands of Americans who have made
their homes in some of the three Prov
inces that form that vast agricultural
domain, and are of considerable Interest
to the friends they have left behind.
The year 1909 is no disappointment
The crops of wheat, oats and barley
have been harvested and it Is now
safe to speak of results. Careful es
timates place the yield of spring wheat
A Central Canada Farmer Finishing
at 30 bushels per acre, winter wheat at
over 40 bushels, and oats exceed 50
bushels per acre. Barley also has
proved an abundant yield. What will
attract the reading public more than
volumes of figures will be the fact that
those whohave been Induced through
the influence of the Government to ac
cept of ICO acres of free grant land;
or, by the persuasion of friends to
leave their home State of Dakota, Min
nesota, Iowa, Illinois, Michigan, In
diana, Ohio, Nebraska or the other
States from which people have gone,
havo done well. Financially, they are
in a better position than many of them
ever expected to be, and in the mat
ter of health, in social conditions, they
have lost nothing.
One person who has Just returned
from a trip through
the Lethbridge Dis
trict, where winter
wheat has a strong
hold with farmers,
"We saw some mag
nificent sights. The
crops were, In fact, all
that could be desired."
In a few years from
now these great plains
over whose breadth for
hundreds of Town
thousands of School
herds of cat- House
tie, following the millions of buffalo
that once grazed their grasses, will
be a solid grain field covering a
territory of over 30.000 square miles,
and very little of it but what will yet
bo worth from $40 to $C0 per acre. Al
ready the homestead and pre-emption
lands are being well filled.
' In the district of Calgary, south, east
and north, which comprises Nanton,
High River and other equally Impor
tant districts, a correspondent of the
Winnipeg (Manitoba) Free Press
says: (Aug. 21) "The grain in this
district Is going to make some money
for the farmers this year. All the
crop is now crowding along and is good
on both irrigated and unirrlgated lands."
There are to be found those who
speak of a "pioneering" life In west
ern Canada, but as one man said, "If
A Specimen Group of Eleva
Many Towns In
this is pioneering I don't for the life
of me see what our forefathers had
to complain of." He didn't know,
though, for the pioneering of his fore
fathers was discomfort and hardship.
The opening up and development or
western Canada, with Its railroad lines
to carry one to almost the uttermost
part of It, the telegraph line to flash
the news to the outside world, tho tel
ephone to talk to one's neighbor, the
dally and weekly mall service which
brings and carries .letters to the
friends In distant parts; the schools
headed by college-bred and highly cer
tificated teachers; the churches
manned by brilliant divines; the clubs;
the social and festive life; what Is
there about any of this to give to the
man who goes there to make his home
the credit of being a pioneer? Noth
ing! He might as well be In any of
the old middle west States. Ia other
V W-XW&W age 30 to 35
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parts of the world the production of
wheat is diminishing today; but as It
diminishes Canada's will increase;
therefore, it is safe to predict that In a
few years from now a large part of the
world will be looking to western Can
ada for its wheat supply, and espe
cially will the United States. In many
parts of western Canada It is possible
to have a hundred-Mile square of
wheat; without a break. A writer says:.
"We were driven west and north of'
Moose Jaw through 20 miles of dead
ripe wheat, acres of stocks and well
worked summer-fallows. One of these
fields would yield 40 bushels to the
acre, and another man had oats that
would yield 90 or 100 bushels to the-
acre, jn this district wneat win aver-
bushels. The conditional
Cutting His 70-Acre Field of Wheat
wero never better and throughout the
district the people are assured of a.
most prosperous year."
It would be unfair to close this ar
ticle without quoting from an expert
crop-correspondent regarding the two
Battlefords in Central Saskatchewan,
on the line of the Canadian Northern
Railway. Writing on August 18th of
this year, he says:
"It Is necessary to drive about six or
seven miles out of the town of North.
Battleford In order to see the best,
crops of the district. This morning I
was driven about 20 miles to the
north and west of the town and in all
the drive did not see a poor crop. I
taw one wheat crop which the owner
estimates will yield 40 bushels per
acre, and I believe it."
He then crossed the Sas
katchewan river to the Soutlv
town, or Battleford proper,,
and continues his report:
"Conditions around the old
town are as good If not bet
ter than those to the north
ot the river. This district nas mucn.
the best wheat crop prospect of any
I have inspected this year, consid
ering sample and yield. The weath
er conditions for the whole season,
have been Ideal and the result Is what
might easily be termed a bumper crop.
A sample sheaf brought In from the
farm of George Truscott was shown
to me which spoke for itself. This
farmer Is said to have lxty acres
which will yield 45 bushels per acre.
In stating an average for the dis
trict of South Battleford I would sajr
that the wheat will yield 36 bushel,
per acre. The oats .will yield about
45 and barley 33 bushels per acre."
A correspondent summing up a trip
over the Canadian Northern Railway,,
from Dauphin to Battleford, says:
"As I Inspected the crops In the va-
tors That May Do Seen in
riouB districts I found the farmers andT
other ' citizens without exception
filled with expectant enthusiasm over
this year's prospects. No district wa3
found which could not boast of fields
of 35 bushels per acre wheat, or 50 to
CO bushels per aero oats, and of 40
bushels tier acre of barlpv.
It is not an unusual thing In many
parts of western Canada for 4 fanner
to have 10,000 to 30,000 bushels of
wheat. In the Rouleau district it Is
said that there are several farmers
who will have 20,000 bushels of oats
any many fields will return one hun
dred bushels to the acre.
It takes an army of men to handle
theWestern Canada crop, and it Is es
timated that 30,000 people have been
brought in this year to assist in the
great undertaking; there being excur
sions from the outside world nearly
every day for the past six weeks. ,
House Ik '0lJV:3!'