Newspaper Page Text
THE YALE EXPOSITOR, FRIDAY. MARCH 4. 1910.
GIRl WITH A PISTOL
KILLS A GRIZZLY BEAR
v clamor of nearly 3.00C jvi X - i"
Jewish children gath- v 5f '"' "fl'"' Ll I
J erlng In Public School i jes" - f ' f'' ' -ill t
131, New York, had- ftf f II I
ill. died down. All were rWl Cv ., II
H assembled In neat lU' ? f.; ' - 111
franks on the four f S? I . s 'J V?VV " TX II
Jliffliiii!l!!lllrf Aoorsofthe splendid ll f 'o'sWA) V r Y 111
tiW stone bulldlng.PIn the 1 I f MY 1 V' f 'M
streets, with their 111 f H j.V' I "r 1 41 V-'V"' V - W
ihawled mothers and push-cart ped- 111 & Y'''J "- ""j 'Is ; ylfV
fliers, were picturesque huddles of tod- L- - V' J - X ' LtJ t ' 1 1
dlers waiting for a chance to enter r ly 1 " P ll
the crowded place. lit j W f II
A fair haired young teacher sitting 111 ff& :y 1(q l II
4it the piano on the top floor bent her IH C ''"" 'SL'J . . 'll
head and struck a long, deep chord. Il y ( v' Cvf -.i - - N :l I
Instantly 600 dark-eyed boys and III f ' i" , J p jl
girls arose from their desks and a l! ' K" ' ' 7 N . 1 ilTll
stately psalm filled the great sunlit llr ' ' , ( - cS c " -""'' ' ' JrV-rHv
room. Presently the fresh young lit i J'' ' 4 5 " . ,y y.' , . ' - L V
voices swung Into "Who Is Sylvia?" lll , , "v v ' SJr i - j -S
Sand "Where the Uce Sucks." Against '''Jzsr'' -
.! . t ... I'.' - .imx? '' ' ' -21
I . 4
t - 4 , H srvv CS v 1 - j f - i: rr -
s v ' , f ' ' " . '1 accusations of an education of WMJ --'V't V-'f "' v; '"C';V;
I Is ' "l ' ' r American tax- the emotions, a tsfjpgS Vvi'' iV;.. i:-:'
7L ,""-. v'" v ' 1 - SS Payers against cultivation of JNVfV,S ? ' ' ' - "-V'.s 7'
J. 4., ,A.xw-to. the so-called the mystic ele- Kfvw ' - - 'l ' - - , ,r$xi ;
. riKJT Alp TO THF JKJtiRZP frivolous and ments of patri- 3w5& T- ' '''".''' '-'O' -- '
demor a 1 i z n g otlsm. II !;V- v- : ' . -vL'-sJ - :; - W-
sijHHUAi. twm" In uisuc y CfOOJ.
CayPCHT BY PEAKS CV JO&. CO.l
through every grade, up to the sewing
dressmaking and cooking classes fol
girls, and the technical drawing and cap
penter classes for boys with a simpU
grounding in art, science and commercial
methods to increase the economic pow
er of the population.
In spite of the genera! complaints ol
Easiness men agafast the public schools,
which were the text of the article I in
tended to write, simple honesty compel!
me to confess that the average penman
ship, spelling, arithmetic and original
English composition worked oat before
my very eyes in New York public
schools, risked at random and usually
without notice, seems better, moch bet
ter, than the average of the public
schools of IS, 20 or 25 7ears ago,
A comparatively nev idea f the
"study perlbdy in which pupils, with
their text boisftj before tlrem, are taught
how to study. The teaclier explains to
the class Just what it is expected ttf get
out of the booHr
In the public school attached to the
Training School' for Teachers in Brook
lyn I saw a good Illustration of how mod
ern pedagogy strives to make children
think, instead of merely training thenr
the ugly noises of the crowded, sordid
metropolis they sang the fairest, tendercst
fancies of Shakespeare.
Then there was silence. A pale, flat-chested
Jewish boy lifted a large silk American flag
from its place against the wall, bore it with
solemn step and reverent face to the head of
the middlfi nlslo riinnprl It slnwlv and then
raised it high with a gesture of simple pride.
There was something inspiring as well as
pathetic In the young eyes in which the op
pressed blood of European ghettos looked
through Its emancipated heirs upon that sacred
symbol of equity and liberty. The room was
.as still as death. Every face was earnest.
The young teacher struck another deep
chord from the piano.
At this every right hand was lifted in salute
to the brow and then stretched out toward the
flag, while the boys and girls chanted:
"We salute thee! We, the children of many
lands, who find rest under thy folds, do pledge
our lives and our hearts to love and protect
thee our country and the liberty of the
American people forever.".
I have seen the American flag saluted in
many lands and on many seas, but never have
I witnessed a greeting that meant so much as
that childish pledge In which one civilization
Jovlngiy surrendered to another.
Eltter complaints against the public schools
of the country spurred me out to learn some
thing of the present training of our nearly 17,
000,000 school children.
I went honestly to condemn; I came back to
explain and praise.
1 Nor is there a more misrepresented' or mis
understood subject In America than this ques
tion of the public schools; and he is a lucky
man who can make the American mothers and
'fathers of to-day realize what Is being done to
the American mothers and fathers of to
The business man loudly insists that the
public schools are not what they are intended
to be and are not what they used to be; that
the interest anJl enthusiasm of both teachers
;and pupils are wasted on nature studies, paper
cutting and folding, straw plaiting, art work,
'folk dancing, music, cooking, sewing, and all
tmanner of fads and frills, while the essentials
.of education, the old fashioned school subjects
grouped together as the "three Rs," are dellb
. erately neglected; and that this Is an outrage
upon the children and a defiance to the tax-'
! The Immensity of the subject may be Judged
by the new report of the United States com
mlfsloner of education, which shows that a
'year ago there were 1G.S20.3SG pupils enrolled
in the 259,115 common schools of the nation,
with 473,238 teachers.
The yearly expenditure on schools Is $330,-CSigOl-i-oqual
to about a third of the whole
'expenditures of the national governmentand
the value of the school properties reaches the
stapgoring total of 5843,309,410. , v
! The enrolled school children of the United
States almost equal the combined populations
of Holland, Sweden, Portugal and Greece.
It will bo seen that if the education of the
children of the country is drifting Into the
hands of doctrinaires and experlmentlsts, and
the practical elements of school training aro
being neglected in order that modern peuagogy
may exploit unsound scientific theories, the
matter concerns not only fathers and mothers,
but touches the character of the nation as a
whole. , '
,r - V,n f.ttiirn nf fho frrAAt rPDUOlIC
rests upon Its school children. Never has such
d weight of responsibility been thrown upon
the school house as fday.
New York, the second city of the world, Is
a p-onri flold In which to investigate the .angry
tendency of public school education.
The metropolis has. Including high schools,
631,325 children enrolled In its 514 school
houses, which cost 199,133.000, and has a teach
ing and supervising force of 16.489 PerB0DS'
whose combined talarles amount to $17,581,000
For weeks I went from school to school,
from class room to class room, from teacher to
teacher, from principal to professor, observ
ing, questioning, comparing, analyzing the old
Idea of the common school with the new, par
ticularly looking to see how theory consisted
with practice and results.
To start with, I had the fact that there Is
general complaint that the boys and girls who
come from American public schools write bad
ly, spell badly, and aro weak In grammar and
Hut facts are hard things to overcome, and
the more I searched for evidence with which
to shame and confound modern pedagogy and
its methods, the less was I disposed to con
demn, until finally it became plain that I, in
common with the general public, was mistaken,
and that an attack upon what is known as the
"new education" could not bo Justified. That
there is some waste and much that is experi
mental in it cannot be denied. But the great
groundwork of It seems to be sound and prac
tical. It Is claimed that the old system of teach
ing children in the schools was based on an
Ignorant theory of the human brain. The idea
was that a etern, high drill in a few subjects
developed mental power that could be used
In all subjects. Teachers have assumed that
the mind was a group of general powers or
faculties, such as observation, comparison, at
tention, logic, memory, language, and so on,
and that an intensive 6tudy along the line of
any mind faculty would develop that faculty
as a whole and practically for all purposes.
It Is now held by leading educational au
thorities that the brain, instead of being a col
lection of a few general faculties, divides Itself
on Investigation into countless speclllzatlons,
and that mental power developed in one func
tion of the brain cannot as a rule bo trans
ferred to another function.
That discovery upsets the foundations on
which education has been based for centuries
and, together with the modern demand for
technical and manual training to meet indus
trial problems, accounts for the sweeping
changes observable In tho public schools.
To-day the teaching profession has grown
to enormous proportions. There are in the
United States alone more than half a million
teachers and college professors. That is more
than a third of the membership of all the pro
fessions combined. The teachers of the coun
try outnumber the lawyers or physicians moro
than four to one.
Pedagogy has suddenly become a conscious
profession which seeks to establish Itself upon
a firm scientific basis.
The new idea is that a broad curriculum,
'embracing,' In addition to tho three Its, man
ual training, art, science and nature studies,
touches all the latent possibilities, tastes and
ambitions of tho child; arouses, Interests and
develops its capacities; and, so, prepares it for
self-realization in its life vocation.
Such investigators as Prof. Edward L.
Thorndlke, professor of educational psychology
In the Teachers college, ColumLIa university,
declare that actual scientific tests show that
tho specialization of the human mind is "even
greater than ordinary observation leads one to
That thrllllngly beautiful ceremony In which
600,000 New York school children and their
16,000 teachers begin each morning's work by
stretching out their hands to the American
flag and solemnly pledging allegiance to it Is
an education of
the emotions, a
cultivation o f
the mystic ele
ments of patri
otism. Who can
doubt that the
daily salute to
tho symbol of
American 1 1 b-
e r t y, equality
and justice as something high and Bacred stirs
in the childhood of the restless, changing, pro
fane metropolis those fine, almost unspeakable
feelings to which the national flag may appeal
when even the study of American history falls
to arouse the imagination?
But it Is not wholly on psychology that the
modern public school and its methods depend
The old style public schools, aside from drill
ing spelling, arithmetic, grammar, geography
and history Into the minds of children, princi
pally by stern memorizing of the words of text
books, were conducted on the theory of prepar
ation for high schools. The truth is that not
one public school pupil out of ten In the coun-.
try enters a high school. The high schools
were largely a preparation for college. But not
more than one high school pupil out of ten
completes a college course, even in New York,
where collegiate education Is free.
It will be seen that only ono out of a hun
dred of the entire school population, In New
York, for Instance, has the means. Inclination
or ability to pursue the academic course even
at the public expense.
If only one child out of a hundred can take
advantage of collegiate education, are the re
maining 99 to be left to face the struggle for
life with only the three Rs, or perhaps a smat
tering of Latin and the higher mathematics?
Germany has risen to power and riches
among the Industrial nations through her tech
nical and trade schools.
In the development of mechanical Invention
we have forgotten that the machine is not
everything. Already the labor unions have re
stricted tho apprentice system until American
industry is put to Its wits' ends to find substi
tutes for highly skilled artisans.
The public sc'aool teachers of the country
and those who train and direct them are ap
parently fully awake to the magnitude of the
new task which changing industrial conditions
have thrown upon them. Teachers, principals
and professors alike talked to me of Germany's
great success through her technical and Indus
This keen consciousness of the modern
school problem, 6hown alike by slender young
misses and by gray and wrinkled veterans, was
one of tho most significant and Impressive
thlng3 I encountered in tho public schools.
The challenge of Industrial Germany 13 to
be answered by American pedagogy.
Dr. Thurston of Cornell university, has de
clared that In order to bring the American peo
ple up to technical and Industrial equality with
Germany, this country needed at present "1,100
university professors and Instructors and 11,000
students studying tho highest branches of tech
nical work; there should be 1,000 college pro
fessors and 15,000 students In technical s'.bools
studying for superior positions In the arts; and
20,000 teachers engaged In trade and manual
training schools, Instructing pupils, 400,000 in
number, preparing to become skilled workmen."
There are more than three femalo teachers
to every one male teacher In the public schools
of the United States, and yet I found In all
schools the same virile thought, that, aside
frcm writing, spelling, arithmetic, grammar,
geography and the rudiments of history, the
first great duty of the teaching profession in
America was, by manual training and other cul
ture outside of the three Rs, to develop the
whole Intelligence of children, to accustom
their bodies and minds to work together, to as
sist them In gradually discovering what their
true vocation in after life ought to be, to fit
them for It, and. from the kindergartens
MAID OF THE MOUNTAINS RISKS
HZR OWN LIFE TO SAVE PER
Columbus, Mont. Alone, and armed
only with a small revolver, Ellen Mc
Goorty, 17 years old and pretty, saved
the life of John French, a surveyor, by
killing a grizzly bear wlrkh had at
In order to kill the animal, which
was a giant of Its species, th? girl had
to step close to the side of the In
furiated monster, which was crushing
the life out of French, and prws her
pistol against Its head. In its4 dying
to repeat and memorize the words, of the text
A girls' class in history was asked to choose
a subject for dramatization. The girls chose
"The Boston Tea Party." Then they selected
who should be King George, the speaker of the
house of commons, the captain of the teashlp,
the leader of the .American patriots,. and so on.
Presently the little ones their ages aver
ageI 11 or 12 years acted out the historical
Incident which precipitated the American) rev
olution. They used their own language; anil
not tho language of the books.
The object of all this was, of course, to sup
plement the memorizing of books by persuad
ing children to realize history through the ex
ercise of reason and imagination ln the at
tempt to reproduce persons and events.
There is just now great conflict on the sub
ject of American public schools. Here and
there are educators who believe that there Is
too much experiment In the new system. How
ever, the dominant thought Is generally ac
cepted. This striving toward Industrial training re
lates to cities and towns. It Is well under
stood that a country boy or girl receives man
ual training and acquires a practical knowl
edge of things in his or her ordinary life in
a farm district.
It is the children growing up in centers of
population, where everything is specialized,
and almost everything reduced to machinery,
who need vocational development in school.
The confessed general object of the average
American school teacher to-day is to so de
velop the natural Industrial ami artistic capac
ities of children, in addition to a good com
mand of the three Rs, that when they reach
the ordinary ago for leaving the elementary
schools, say from 14 to 16 years, they will have
distinctly shown their various mental and
manual aptitudes. With technical and Indus
trial chools in place of the academic high
schools, hard-pressed parents will make an
effort to keep their children In training longer
for the sake of higher wages and greater op
portunities for promotion Insured by vocation
al education. Of course the academic high
school will continue to exist for that compara
tively small number whose means and ambi
tions destine them to a classical or profes
The growth of cities and towns, tho concen
tration and specialization of Industries and the
Inundations of immigration have thrown other
new burdens on the public schools. Tho old
American home training, with its Ideals of
conduct, helpfulness, patriotism and morals,
can no longer be depended upon as before In
centers of population. The old American home
life, and Its standards, are rapidly disappear
ing, and at a time when the church, too, Is los
ing authorlty"and Influence.
In this confusing era of loosening social
bonds, of drifting Ideal3 and of fierce, sordid
competition still moro confounded by the never-ceasing
flow of mixed blood3 from alien civi
lizations the American school house stands as
the one universal Instrument left to society.
It ha3 largely taken the placo of the home
as a guardian of the health of children. That
is one of Its most significant developments. It
has also accepted sociological duties through
Its kindergartens in keeping mere Infants out
of the BtreetB. It teaches sewing, cooking, and
other household things that were once taught
at home. It maintains recreation grounds,
where children are trained to play.
Shtf Rushed1 Forvward at the Risk of
struggles the bear scratched Miss Mc
Goorty severely about the nnns.
French la a member of a party that
has been at wotIc fa the Stillwater
canyon, above Nye, 23 miles from
here, for several weeks. While alone
a mile from camp, fire came upon the
grizzly and" slightly wounded it.
The animal, maddened by pain,
dashed' at hinr, and before French
could save himself he was clasped In
the bear's paws, where- hl3 life was be
ing crushed out.
Miss McGoorty, who1 lives with hei
aged aunt in a small cabin in the can
yon, where she has a copper mine,
had heard the shot and had gone to
Investigate-. Seeing the bear seize the
man, she rushed forward and, at the
rfslt of her life; placed the muzzle of
her .3 revolver agarnst the bear's
head' and fired. The bear released
the man, and after a few struggles
sank down dead.
French, who was badly torn and
crushed, was 'taken to Nye, where he
Is being cared for. He will recover.
This is not the first time the girl
has had use for a "gun. She has for
several years Iired In a cabin near
her copper claim, which several per
sons hare tried to "jump." Ellen has
had several fights with them, and a
few months ago stood off and put to
flight a party of five, which had tried
to make her vacate. The mine was
left her. by her father who was killed
In Cooke, Mont., several years ago.
BOUGHT BABY; BURIED IT
Strange Charge Against Montana
Woman Who Does Not Deny
Purchasing the Child.
Butte, Mont. Having purchased a
four-mouths-old baby for $23, and then
having buried it under six inches of
sand on an island in Yellowstone
river. Is the charge against Mrs.
George Thompson, under arrest in
Chief of Police Donahue of Living
ston is investigating.
Last October Mrs. Thompson took
the child from this city to Livingston,
where she carried It into a store
wrapped In a silk skirt. There she
bought clothes .for It.
Iater sh was Feen to cross the
bridge to the Island and return with
out the baby.
The child's body was afterwards
found burled under the sand.
Mrs. Thompson does not deny buy
ing the baby, ncr does she deny buy
ing clothing for It
Marietta Wolff, once the cook In the
home of Mue. Stelnhell, whose acquit
tal on the charge of murder was. In a
great measure, due to Mrs. Wolff's tes
timony, has found a new occupation.
She his become a professional bill
poster In Taris. On one of the recent
"notable people" postcards published
In that city she Is shown as a smiling,
lderiy, plump woman carrying a lad
der. A cap Is set Jauntily over one ear
and the poster bag hangs at one side,
held by a broad strap over the shoul
der. The fact that she goes about her
buslncs unnoticed, says a Paris letter,
shows that people have forgotten an
other celebrated case.
Youthful Army Chief.
Gen. Leonard Wood, now chief of
staff. Is the youngest American gen
eral officer, with the exception of Gen.
Funston. He still has 13 years of
active service before him. Only two
general officers of 1906, Miles and Mer
rltt, are living, and they are both on
the rtUred list
Li nil i wi ijt i
Lydia E. Pinkham's
Chicago, KL ff-jvas trembled with
falling and lnflanrmavton. and the doc-
xorasaia i eonia not
get well unless X
had van operation.
I knew I could not
stand be strain of
one, so i wrote to
you sonvetlme ago
About ttkv health
and you tori mo
taat to ao. Alter
taking LydU EL
ble ComDonnd and.
Rlo.1 Pnrinr T am
to-day a well woman." Mrs. Willi ax :
Aureus, 088 w. 21st St- Chicago lit
Lydla E. Pwkham's Vegetable Con
pound; made from, native roots andtf
herbs contains no narcotics or barm"
fill dniffSy and to-day holdi the record?
fbr theiarpest number of actual cures
of female diseases of any similar medi
cine in, the' country, ana thsusands of
voluntary testimonials are1 n file in
the llnfchaja lahor.it.nrv at T
Mass,, from women who bare been
cureu iron almost every form or
female- complaints, inflammation, nl-
jrrefrularitiea; periodic pains, backache.
Indigestion antl nervous prostration.
c,eiy Bucu-Biiuennpr woman owes it to
herself to- pivo Lydia E. riniham's
Vegetable Compound a trial.
If youTTonlif Ilko special nulvico
about your case Trrito a confiden
tial letter to- BIrs. IMnkharn, at
Lynn, Mass. Her advico is free, .
and always helpful.
A Pause. In. Devotions.
"Mabel," called her father, outside
her bedroom door. There was n- an
swer, so ho called again. Still nt re
ply. Ho pushed open the door, w hich,
was not completely shut, and reach
ing for the button, turned on the lights.
Then he saw Mabel. She wa3 kneel
ing at the sldo of her bed in her night
gown, In the attitude of prayer the
attitude, that l&t aa to kneeling. But
she had raised her head at the Inter
ruption and paused la her devotions
to blaze at him with a face flushed
"Gee whiz, daddy T Can't a woman
Bay her prayers?"
Then she bowed) her head again,
piously, and daddy, properly rebuked,
slipped noiselessly away.
Sunday School Want Ad.
There is a church in Brooklyn that
has adopted a novel scheme for en
larging Its Sunday school. It adver
tises for boys and girls to come to It.
In the shop windows in the neighbor
hood of the church one may see pla
cards, such as aro used for advertis
ing entertalnmenid of various kinds,
that bear the legend!:
"Wanted Boys and girls to Join our
Sunday school." Below this are set
forth the advantages that will com
to the young folic who attend tho-classes.
The Appetite of Kings.
The king of Spain makes up for tils-
dally expenditure of activity by a tre
mendous appetite. I have observed.
for that matter, that the majority of
sovereigns are valiant trenchermen.
Every morning of his life Alfonso XI1L
has a good rump steak and potatoes
for his first breakfast, often preceded
by eggs and sometimes followed by
salad and fruit. From Recollections
of M. Taoli ht MeClure's.
A GOOD CHANGE
A Chanae of Food Works Wonders.
The wrong food and drink causes a
lot of trouble in this world. To
change thu food is the first duty of
every person that is ill, particularly
from stomach and nervous troubles.
As an illustration: A lady in Mo. has.
with her husband, been brought around
to health again, by leaving off coffee
and some articles of food that did
not agre with them. They began us
ing Postum and Grape-Nuts food. She
"For a number of years li suffered
with stomach and bowel: trouble
which kept getting worse unutll I was
very 111 most of the time. About f ;ir
years ago I left off coffee and began
taking Postum. My stomach and
bowels Improved right along, but I was
so reduced in flesh and so nervous that
the least thing would overcome me.
"Then I changed my food and be
gan U3lng Grape-Nuts ia addition to
rostum. I lived on these two prin
cipally v for about four months. Day
by day I gained in flesh and strength
until now the nervous trouble has en
tirely disappeared and I feel that I
owe my life and health to Postum and
"Husband is 73 years old and he was
troubled for a long time with occar
clonal cramps, and slept badly. Finally
I prevailed upon him to leave off coffee
and take Postum. Ho had stood out
for a long time, but after he tried
Postum for a few days he found that
he could sleep and that his cramps
disappeared. He was satisfied and has
never gone back to coffee.
"I have a brother in California who
has been using Postum for several
years; his whole family use It also be
cause they have had such good results
Look in pkgs. for the little book, "The
Itoad to Wellvllle." "There's a Reason."
Krrr rrad thm kor lettert A
appear (ram tint o tlan. TfcT
ara vraalae. true, aad fall !