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THE YALE EXPOSITOR. FRIDAY. SEPT. 9. 1910.
DR. BCNJ. CLYNE
PBYtttCUN. 8UROKON AND ACCOU
CliEK. Office on Main street flrat door
south of iio. fciclutyre'a lmi'l'uiont Ware-rooms-
Oiltoo hours from litoa:u. Tues
days and Saturdays all day.
W. G. WIGHT,
MD. C. M. TUINITY UNIVKRSITT, M.
C. M. Victoria Uulvtrsltv, Toronto,
Ont Offloe and residence ou Main street.
Oftloe hours: 7 to 0 a.m., 12:00 m to 1:30 p.m.
aua auor :w p.m.
A. POLLOCK, M. D.
OTFICK Orer NEWELL & PONSFORD'S
store. Office hours: 8:no to 10:30 a. m.,
1:00 to 4:0J p.m. Tuesdays and Saturdays.
WILLIAM R. YUILL, M. D.
Office In Holden's Drug Store. Entrance
front and side doors. 'I'hone loo. Ketldence
ou Hrockway rosd. 'I'lione 0 L 2 r. Omee
days Wednesday and baturUny.
DR. P. G. LATHROP,
DENTIST, has had no Tears experlenoe In
Mechanical lentlstry. Us-s the latest
mothods of extracting testti. OUtce on Main
street, up.talr over T. J. Minnie's meat
J. . STEVENS,
fTETERINARY SU1UJEON Graduate
V otTorouto Veterinary College. Mem
ber State Veterinary Association. falls
promptly attended day or uljht. Office in
building opposite The rainley hotel.
mnNtrtRTir. iHTIST If vnii wnt a
X first-class hatr cut, share, shampoo or
ra-ionni. uiuyiu. r. toi uiimk ucm, unu
Unt door south 1'armloe's Furniture Store.
FOR FOREIGN on DOMESTIC MARBLE
AND GRANITES of Best Material cor
JOHN A. HICKEY,
1019 Boers St., Port Huron, Mloh.
n will save you fifteen per cent.
J, A. RAPLEY.
i QCNCRAL LAW PRACTICE, MONEY
1 TO LOAN AND INSURANCE WRITTEN
IN FIR9T-CLAS3 COMPANIES,
pedal Attention Given to Collections an4
RapleyBlock. Yale, Mloh.
Will Surely SI03 That Cough.
rut Up at the
Union Hotel I
PHIL EICHHORN. JR.. PROP.
This house is furnished throughout
rrith Electric Call Hells, Electric Eani
and every other convenience for the
comfort of guests.
ALL THE LEADING
in the large cities are uning Platl
cum paper on their best work.
' Biddlecomb's Studio is the only plact
In the city to get photos on this paper.
We use the Platinum paper and give
you no substitute, and call it Platinum.
We also hare exclusive sale for the
finest line of Photo Mounts and Fold
era manufactured in the United States.
Biddlecomb Art Studio.
Mslssl Blook, Port Huron.
T Mttmrte lwern Hittlnf nrt Mlufnf l.lhfdlf.
frrwm . bf-M .n Arcunte .ni .n ln- tint Arm,
( hooM wl;r ill., Hmin.i.l f.rt fcri VKNs)
Forty mr. of .tpwi.Bctl. bbin4 uf trud and
mrLr.s. rrsTors. sttotguns
Itrt Tlnfop, Y.te.
Atk jroiirdraltrtniilnalM j irn I 4 t tini-t I ii-
ontl.ITVm. If you r f "!'"'
... , , ,. I ' m're M rvN linn
..nr.MoU.lo.w.ll.lpdl- ,,r,fl,y, 1,, ,,,,,,,
feet, twfrtureaU.V I tonum. pilnl. on f-hoot
rrfpttfftulnf prt . line, A mmun'tmn. I V.
beautiful thM-rolif Aluminum llin.rr will Lx (of
w.nl.d (a is tent, in ttauit.
J. 8T2VXN3 AUM3 AND TOOL CO.,
CKiforn Fah v Mim., U.S.A.
OF A j
! WEEK'S EVENTS i
Latest News of Interest
Boiled Down for the
I Busy Man.
The body of Frank T. Tucker, sec
ond assistant attorney general of Wis
consin, was taken from the river at
Oshkosh, Wis. That Mr. Tucker com
mitted suicide while insane, Is the be
lief because of the circumstances sur
rounding the case. Mr. Tucker was a
candidate on the Republican ticket for
attorney general of Wisconsin.
Lord Kilmarnock, second secretary
in the Ilritish diplomatic service, was
slightly wounded by the accidental dis
charge of a gun at King George's
shooting party at lialmoral.
Glenn II. Curtlss, the aviator, flew
from Euclid beach, near Cleveland,
O., over the water of Lake Erie to
Cedar Point, a distance of CO miles, In
1:13. This Is a new record for a
flight over water.
Former Vice-President Charles W.
Fairbanks has purchased p. site for a
residence at Indianapolis and work on
an imposing home to cost not less
than $2SO.O0O will be begun in a short
Col. Theodore Roosevelt was an nll-
nlght guest of Governor Stubbs at the
latter's home in Lawrence, Kan.
F. Augustus Heinze, the Montana
copper magnate, and Mrs. I5ernico
Golden Henderson, the actress, were
married in the apartments of Rev. Dr.
Handel of the Protestant Episcopal
Samuel D. Cronk, whose wife and
son Abner committed suicide in Chica
go, Identified the body of the young
woman who took her life in Detroit as
his daughter Alice.
Miss Rose Buckingham of San Fran
cisco was killed and her companion,
Miss Agnes Roos of the same city, se
verely injured in Munich, Germany, by
being run down by a runaway auto.
New York, metropolis of the west
ern hemisphere, financial capital and
F.econd largest city in the world, has
a population of 4,T66,SS3, as compared
with 3,437,202 in 1900, and 2,504,414 in
1S90, according to the official count of
the returns of the thirteenth census.
The executor of the estate of Grovcr
Cleveland, estimated at $200,000, re
fused to make public the exact valua
tion of the holdings in New Jersey
and paid a tax of five per cent, in
stead of one per cent., which other
wise would have been charged.
Novelty, with Schilling up, won tho
Futurity classic at Saratoga in
1:12 1-5, distance six furlongs. Bashti
was second and Love Not third. The
race netted $23,800 to the winner.
Glenn II. Curtiss established a new
world's record for aeroplane flying,
when he flew CO miles along the
shores of Lake Erie in one hour and
The Farmers' and Merchants' bank
of Mount Pleasant, Mich., is closed,
Cashier E. C. Vermillion is missing,
the vault is locked, with no means of
opening unless experts can solve the
combination and tho officers believe it
conceals a shortage.
Colorado E. established a new
world's record for three-year-old trot
ters at Readvllle, Mass., for a single
heat and for two successive heats, by
going the first in 2:06V6 and tho sec
ond In 2:0794.
Naming of Edward Hull of Peoria in
connection with an alleged request
telegraphed from Springfield, for $60,
000, two days before the election of
Senator William Lorimer, caused a
sensation at the trial of Lee O'Neil
Rrowno at Chicago. Charles A. White,
recalled by the state in rebuttal,
made the statement concerning Hull
and the $G0.000 fund.
Savannah, Ga., in two days has ex
perienced the heaviest rainfall In Its
history. The precipitation for one day
was S.57 inches. One death has been
Detectives Tobln and McGrath of the
Chicago police force were threatened
by a mob on the Iowa state fair
grounds at Des Moines, after the for
mer had fractured the skull of joceph
Nite, whom he was trymg to arrest.
At the meeting of the American Par
association George W. Chamlee, coun
sel for James R. Watts of New York,
brought charges against Joseph II.
Choate, former ambassador to Eng
land, and asked for hla expulsion from
the American Bar association. He is
charged with unethical conduct.
Thirty witnesses were subpoenaed
to appear before the coroner's Jury,
which began taking testimony at Du
rand, Mich., relative to the Grand
Trunk wreck last Wednesday.
The school board of Decatur, 111.,
has decided to exclude the New Testa
ment from the public school libraries
A toy baby was torn to Mrs. Ben
nett Clark Hyde, but died four hours
after its birth. Doctor Hyde, con
victed slayer of Colonel Thoma3 II
Swope, wa taken, surrounded by
marshals, in a cflrrlng? from the jn
to his horr.e. He was there when th
Illinois coal operators have decided
to yield to the demands of the miners
and a settlement of tho strike inaugur
ated on April I last and which still In
volves 40,000 men. An agreement
baseij cn the Peoria contract was prac
tically reached at a conference held
in Chicago between committees of the
Illinois 'Coal Operators' association
and the United Mines Workers of
Ten Brooklyn (N. Y.) firemen and
policemen almost lost their lives be
cause of the prank of children, who
said one of their numbe, a little girl,
had fallen into a sewer. The men
went into the big pipe and were over
come by gas.
The grand Jury investigating the
charges of perjury in connection with
tho trial of Lee O'Neil Browne for
bribery at Chicago voted a second In
dictment against George F. Gloss, one
of the witnesses for the defense.
During tho preliminary hearing of
the three former officials of tho Illi
nois Central railroad charged with car
repair frauds at Chicago, a letter writ
ten by Henry C. Ostermann to Clar
ence II. Polley, formerly chief clerk
of the Ostermann Manufacturing com
pany, warning him to keep quiet about
billing methods, was introduced and
caused a decided sensation.
Charges of defalcations aggregating
$434,800 were made against the late
Edward C. Ritsher. who died last
lune, and it was discovered that the
lawyer had barely escaped Indictment
and prosecution as tho brains of the
gigantic swindles which landed his
client, Banker John R. Walsh, in the
federal prison at Fort Leavenworth.
A crusade against tho hobble skirt
lias been started by Rev. Peter Henry,
paftor of the First Reformed church
of Grovevllle, N. J. He has issued an
edict that no woman wearing such a
dress bhall be admitted to his church.
According to Consul General J. A.
Smith of Genoa, government owner
ship of the telegraph in Italy has re
duced charges to 19 cents for a 15
word message. Further reductions are
The Kansas Insurgent Republicans
had a good working majority In the
party council at Topeka and carried
everything by storm. The standpat
ters, realizing the overwhelming voto
of the primary, decided not to make
any effort to oppose the insurgents.
Senator Curtis was the only one who
even made an attempt to stem the
tide. He tried to get an unqualified
Indorsement of President Taft into
the platform, but failed.
At New York the bull leaders In
the cotton market have issued a state
ment predicting the greatest cotton
famine the country has known since
the Civil war, a crop of not more than
12,000.000 bales, and 20-cent cotton.
August cotton 6old at 20 cents a
pound on the New York cotton ex
change, establishing a new high record
for the staple, not only for this move
ment, but also marking the highest
price at which cotton has been sold
A mob of 2.000 people battled with
tho Columbus, O., police and militia
when street car rioting broke out with
fresh fury. Struck down by the clubs
of policemen, four were seriously in
jured, one, a deputy sheriff, mistaken
for a rioter, may die. Fifty rioters
were arrested and locked in tho city
Vice-President James S. Sherman,
in an address at Decatur, III., on "The
Gospel of Republicanism." failed to
follow the lead of President Taft in
advocating a gradual revision of th
tariff in accordance with recommenda
tions of the tariff commission.
Salt Palace, a structure built on
salt, and one of the scenic features of
Salt Lake City, Utah, was destroyed
by fire, entailing an uninsured loss of
$23,000. Defectlvo wiring was tho
causo of the blaze.
With three companies of state mi
litia under personal command of AdjL
Gen. Eliott on guard and a machine
gun in front of the county Jail at
Huntington, W. Va., no further rioting
is anticipated by the mobs which for
two successive nights stormed tho
Jail in an effort to lynch John Wayne
and Charles Clyburn, alleged negro
A letter from Godhaven, Greenland,
received at Copenhagen, says it is
certain that Dr. Frederick A. Cook is
on his way to find the records which
he claims to have left near the North
Tole. Tho letter says everybody in
Greenland still believes that Dr. Cook
reached the North Tole and that some
day he will return with the proofs.
Hawley II. Crlppen, the American
dentist, and Ethel Clare Leneve, his
typist, were accused of the murder of
Belle Elmore, the former's wife, In the
formal charge read to them in the
Bow etreet police court, London. After
the introduction of some evidence
they were remanded until September
6, without having pleaded.
Neighbors discovered that burglars
bad ransacked the home of Harry
Morris, in Putnam aveno, Brooklyn,
while he was on vacation. One of tho
thieves wore a silk hat and frock coat.
The police weri notified.
The audit of the $42,500 election ex
pense account of Joseph C. Sibley, Re
publican nominee for congress from
Pennsylvania, has been postponed un
til September 13.
Twenty-eight new cases of AsSitle
cholera, or of suspected cholera, wero
reported In Berlin and Spandau, a
suburb of some 70,000 people, nine
miles west of Berlin. Tho health au
thorities state that. In all. only three
cases have been definitely established
to be true Asiatic cholera: of these,
ono died in Berlin and one died In
Judge William McSarcly and otier
2hicagoans narrowly escaped death In
i hotel fire in Muskegon. Mich.
Marie Colcmbier, an actress, who ae
ompr.nicd Sara Bernhardt to America
tipfl In rcri3. ,
THEODORE ROOSEVELT ON
OUR NATIONAL EFFICIENCY
In Address Before the Conservation Congress
at St. Paul He Says New Methods of De
veloping and Using Natural Resources
of Country Are Needed.
St. Paul, Minn., Sept. 6. Speaking
on "National Efficiency" before the
conservation congress today, former
President Roosevelt impressed on
his hearers the fact that conservation
has become a national duty and must
be looked at from a new point of
view and accomplished by new meth
ods of developing and using the nat
ural resources of the country. His
address was the feature of the day's
program and was listened to by a
throng that tested the capacity of the
: hall and that frequently applauded
the colonel's vigorous language. Tho
address in full was as follows:
America' reputation for efficiency
stands deservedy hlsrh throughout the
world. We are efllHent probably to the
full-limit that any nation ran attain by
the methods hitherto used. Thfre la jfreat
reason to be proud of our achievements,
and yet no reason to believe that we can
not excel our past. Throuph a practically
unrestrained Indlvlduallum, we have
reached a pitch of literary unexampled
material prosperity; although the distri
bution of this prosperity leaves much to
lie desired from the standpoint of Justice
and fair deallnc. Put we have not only
allowed the Individual a free hand, which
was In the main rlpht: we have also al
lowed Kreat corporations to act as thoush
they were Individuals, and to exercise tho
rights of Individuals. In addition to uslni?
the vast combined power of hlth organi
zation and enormous wealth for their own
advantage. This development of corpo
rate action. It is true. Is doubtless In
larso part responsible for the RlRantio de
velopment of our natural resources, but It
Is not l-ps responsible for waste, destruc
tion, and monopoly on an equally gigantic
The method of reckless and uncon
trolled private use and waste has dune
for us all the good It ever can. and It Is
time to put an end to It before It does all
the evil It easily ma v. AVe have pnssed
the time when heedless waste and de
struction, anil amir-ant monopoly, are
any longer permissible. Henceforth we
must seek National efficiency by a new
and a better way. by the way of the or
derly development and use. coupled with
the preservation, of our natural resources
by making the most of what we have for
the benefit of all of us. instead of leaving
the sources of material prosperity opn
to Indiscriminate exploitation. These are
some of the reasons why It Is wise that
we should abandon the old point of view,
snd why conservation has beeoms a pa
One of the greatest of our conservation
problems Is the wise and prompt develop,
ment and use of the waterways of this
Nation. The Twin Cities, lylnr as they
do at the headwaters of the Mississippi,
are rot upon the direct line of the pro
posed lakes to the gulf deep waterway.
Yet they are deeply Interested In Its
prompt completion, as well as In the
deepening arjd regulation of the Missis
sippi to the mouth of the Missouri and to
the gulf. The project for a great trunk
waterway, an arm of the pea. extending
from the Gulf of Mexico to the Grat
Lakes, should not he abandoned. The
lflkes to the gulf deep waterway, and
the development of the rivers which flnw
Into It. should tie pushed to completion
vigorously and without delay.
In narlv every river city from St. rul
to the gulf tho water-front Is controlled
hy the railways. Nearly every artificial
waterway In the Vnited States, either 01
rectly or Indirectly. Is under the same
control. It gDs without sayln that fun
less the peonle prevent It in advance) the
railways will attempt to take control of
our waterways as fast as thev nr Im
proved and completed; nor would I blame
them. If we, the people, are supine In the
matter. We must see to It that adequate
terminals are provided in every city and
town on every Improved waterway, termi
nals open under reasonable conditions to
the use of every citizen, and rigidly pro
tected against monopoly; and we must
compel the railways to co-operate with
the waterways continuously, effectively,
tnd under reasonable conditions. Unless
we do so the railway lines will refuse to
deliver freight to the boat lines, either
openly or bv Imposing prohibitory condi
tions, and the waterways once Improved
wilt do comparatively little for the bene
fit of the people who pay the till.
Adequate terminals properly controlled
and open through lines by rail .md boat
are two absolutely essential conditions to
the usefulness of Inland waterway devel
opment. I believe furthermore that the
railways should be prohibited from own
ing, controlling, or carrying any Interest
!n the boat lines on our rivers, unless
under the strlctert regulation and control
of the Inter-State Commerce Commission,
so that the shippers' Interests may be
The National Forests.
If any proof were needed that forest
protection Is a National duty, the recent
destruction of forests In the west by fire
would supply it. Even with the aid of
the armv added to that of the forest
service the loss has been severe. With
out either it would have been vastly
Put tho forest 'service does more than
protect th National forests against fire.
It makes them prsctlally and increasing
ly useful as well. During the last year
for which I have the figures the National
forests were used bv 22.000 cattlemen
with their herds, n.000 fheepmen with
their flocks, r.A0 tlmbermen with their
crews, and 4.00fl miner. More than
R.flftO persons used them for other special
Industries." Nearly SlOW settlers had
the free use of wood. The total resident
population of the National forests is
about a quarter of a million, which Is
larger than the population of certain
states. More than 700.000 acres of ag
ricultural land have been patented or
listed for patent within the forests, and
the reports of the forest officers show
that more than 400,000 people a year use
the forests for recreation, camping, hunt
ing, fishing, and similar mirpos. All
this Is done, nf course, without injury to
the tmlr. which has a value of at least
a thousand mtlllon dollars. Moreover,
the National forests protect the water
supply of n thousand clflei and towns,
about "0 Irr'gatlon projects, and mtr
than 300 power protects, nt counting
tlie use of water for thes and other pur
poses by Individual "ottWs.
Country Life Institute.
Th Invertlgatlons of th Country T.lfe
Comm'ssion hsve led the firmers of tMs
country to real'se that thev have not ben
getting their fa'r shore of p-cress nl
all that It brings. Pnm of our firrrln
rommiinl'Vi in the M'sls'pr: v.iKcy nnl
In the m'd'l! wert b.iv" nv' - mirvelo:is
proffrcFS, yet even the Lett rf them. !!!:
communities of every other kind, arc not
beyond Improvement, while much needs
to be done in some other sections to Im
prove country life. As yet we know com
paratively littlt! of the basic facts of rural
civilization. The means for better farm
ing we have studied with care, but to bet
ter living on the furm and to better busi
ness on the farm the farmers themselves
have given scant attention. One of the
most urgent needs of our civilization is
that the farmers the-riselves should un
dertake to get for themselves a better
knowledge nlong these lines, and then to
opply it. Sir Horace Plunkett, for many
years a Wyoming cattleman, and now de
voting himself In Ireland to the country
life problem there, Iihs suggested In Ms
recent book on the "Country Llfo Prob
lem In America" the creation of a Coun
try IJfe Institute o a center where the
,work and knowledge of the whole world
concerning country life may be brought
trether tor the use of every nation. I
am strongly in sympathy with this idea,
nnd I hope to see It carried out with the
eo-op-ration and assistance of our own
people. I,tist spring, while visiting the
capital of Hungary. Pluda-Pesth, I was
immensely Impressed by the Museum of
Country Life, contaln'ng an extraordinary
scries of studies In agriculture. In stock
raising, in forestry. In mining; the ex
hibits vcre of the utmost pructlcal !m
poitnnce nnl -were nlso intensely inter
esting and Instructive.
As a pecpb we have not yet learned to
economize. One of the virtues we Ameri
cans most peed Is thrift. It Is a mero
truism to say that hiMiry and exfrava
Ff.iice are not good for a Nation. So far
ns they affect character, the loss they
ca;i?e may b' hey or. J computation. T.ut
in tie ru'.trrlal sense tin re l:t n loss
gro.ifcr than Is caused hy both extravagant-"
find luxury put together. I mean
tho iie.-dlt'fs. useless, and excessive loss
to our people from premature death and
.avoidable dlpeases. Wholly apart from
tin prWf. the nifTerlng. and the wretched
ness whicb they cause, the material loss
each yrnr l..is been rnlculated at nearly
twice what It costs to run the Federal
government. In addition to the state and
city health officers and organizations,
thera Is urgently needed a Federal bu
reau of lietlih, to act. so fur ns the Na
tional frovei tunent properly mav. to re
l'eve our people from this dreadful bur
den. National Conservation Commission.
One of the most Important meetings in
our recent history wps that of the gov
ernors in the white house In Mav. lWS.
to consider the conservation question. Fly
the advice of the rovernors the meeting
vns followed by the appointment of a
National conservatlo.j commission. The
meeting of the governors directed the
attention of the country to conservation
as nothing els could have done, while
the work of the commission give the
movement deflnlteness and supplied it
with a practical program. But at the
moment when the eommlsslon was ready
to beln the campaign for putting Its pro
gram Into effect an f.mendment to the
Fundry civil service Mil was introduced
by n conrressman from Minnesota with
the purposo of putting a stop to tlit worl:
so admirably begun. Congress ri-cl the
amendment. Tin o'iJ f t was to put nn
end to the work of a number of conimli
fiors. which had !.-en rpnolnted by the
president, and r his- contribution to the
nubile wclffcre hri ln simply lntnl.ni-!.-.Me.
Among iNse were the .omniission
for reorganizing tho bi-siness m.j! he ds cf
the government, the public lnn-l com
mission, the country life commission,
nnd the Nat'rtna1 con?ervatlon commis
sion itself. When I signed the Sundry
civil service bill containing this amend
ment. I transmitted with It as my last
official act a memorandum declaring that
the amendment was void, because It was
an unconstitutional Interference with the
rights of the executive, and that If I were
to remain president I would pay to It no
The National conservation commission
thereupon became dorrs fin. "he nvspen-i-frrrrof
Its work came at a most unfor
tunate time, and there was seious dan
ger that the progress already m'.d" would
be lost. At this cr'.!.il moment Na
tional conserve tloii Msoclatlcn was or
ganized. It took up ;he work whl;h oth
erwise would not h ive been dne. rnd it
o.c-r"isecl a most ysvf-il infiuenc n pre
cutlrg lad lr p'-jHtlon, in securtr. tho
lnlro''vion of bett-r conservation men-cures
at ho past session of eon":ros nr.J
In promoting the passage of wise laws. It
d.ve-ves the confidence and surpovt of
every -Mtlzen int'e.ted In the 'is de
velopment nnd preservation of our nat
ural resources, and In preventing them
from inislng Into t'- handi of utirnn-t-ollcd
monopolies. It Joins wlt l .In Na.
ll'f,al conrervntloi cenrrress lr. holding
this meeting. I am 1 xrv by the Joint In
vitation of both.
When the government of the United
Btates awoke to the Idea of conservation
nnd saw that it was good, it lost no time
In communicating the advantages of the
new point of view to its Immediate neigh
bors among the nations. A North Ameri
can conservation conference was held In
Wa.hlnglon. and the co-operation of
Carnda and Mexico In the great problem
of c".evc-loplng the resources of the conti
nent for the benefit of Its people was
nsked nnd promised. The nations uron
our I orthern and southern boundaries
wisely realized that their opportunity to
conserve the natural resources was better
than ours, because with them destruction
nnd monopolization had not gone so far
as they had with us. Fo It Is with the
republics of Central and South America.
Obviously they are on tho verge of a
period of great material progrers. The
envelopment cf their natural resourees
their forests, their mines, their water,
and their soils will create enormous
wealth. It Is to the mutual Interest of
the United States and our lister Ameri
can republics that this development
should le wisely done. Our manufactur
ing Industries offer a market for more
and more of their natural wealth and
raw material, while they will Increasingly
desire to meet that demand In commer
cial exchange. The rior we buy from
them, the more we shall sill to them.
Their prosperity is Inseparably involved
with our own. Thank heaven, we of this
ror.tlnent are now beginning to realize,
what In tho end the whole world will
rerllze, that normally It Is a good thing
for a nation to have Its neighbor nations
prosper. We of the United fi'ats are
genuinely and heartily pleased to see
growth and prosperity in Canada, . in
M-tI"o. In South America.
Unless the frovcrnmens cf all the
American repuM'cs. lirh:i-- onr own.
cnaet In time rnch litv ns will h-ith p-nL
tort thel" natural weilth f,rnrrofe
their legitimate and reimniM develop,
ment. future generation v.I'.l owe the!r
r..:;o '.uf.es to us of tcday. A creat pi-
trlotlc duty calls upon us. TVe owe It to
ourselves and to them to give the Ameri
can republics all the help we can. Tho
cases in which we have failed ehould he
no Jess Instructive than the cases in
which wo have succeeded. With prompt
action and good will the task of saving
the resources for the people is full of
hope for us 'all.
State and Federal Control.
Hut while we of tho United States aro
anxious, as I bc-llcve vvo are able, to ba
of assistance to others, there are prob
lems of our own which we must not over
look. One of the most Important con
servation questions of the moment relates
to tho control of water power monopoly
In the public Interest. There Is apparent
to the Judicious observer a distinct ten
dency on the part of our opponents to
cloud tho Issue by raising the question of
stoto as against federul Jurisdiction. We
are rendy to meet that Issue If it is forced
upon us. But there Is no hope for the
plain people In such conflicts of Jurisdic
tion. The essential question Is not ono
of hair-splitting legal technicalities. It is
simply this: Who can best regulate th
speclal interests for the public good?
Most of the predatory corporations are
Interstate or have interstate -affiliations.
Therefore they are largely out of reach of
effective state control, and fall of neces
sity within the federal Jurisdiction. Ov.9
of the prime objects of those among them
that are grasping and greedy is to avoid
any effective conlrol either by state or
nation; and they advocate at thl tlmo
state control simply because they believe
It to be the least effective. In the great
fight of the people to drive the special
Interests from the domination of our gov
ernment, the nation is stronger and it
Jurisdiction Is more effective than that of
any state. The most effective weapon
against these great corporations, most of
which are financed and owned on the At
lantic coast, will be federal laws and th
federal executive. That Is why I so
i.trongly oppose the demand to turn theso
matters over to the states. It Is funda
mentally a demand aealnst the Interest
of the plain peop'e. of the people of small
means, against the Interest of our chil
dren and our children's children: nnd it
Is primarily in the Interest of the greit
corporations which desire to escr.pa all
The Conservation Fight.
On of the difficulties In putting Into
practlpe the conservation Idea Is that the
field to which It epplles Is constantly
rrrowlng In the public mind. It has teen
no slight task to bring before lOa.ono peo
ple a great conception like that of con
servation, end convince them that It Is
right. This much w have accom
plished. But there remains much to be
clearer! up. and many misunderstandings
to be removed. These misunderstandings
are due In part at least to direct mis
representation by the mn to whose
interest It Is that conservation should not
prosper. For example, we find It con
stantly seid by men who r houl 1 knovr
better that temoor-iry wthdnwls.
sueh as the w'thdrawals of coal lands,
will permanently chock dve1opmnt. Tet
the fact Is that these withdrawals have
no purpose ex cent to prevent the coal
lands from passing Into private owner
shin until eonrres can pass laws to open
them to development under conditions
Just alike to the publ'c and to the men
who will do the developing.
Abuses committed In th" name of a Just
eau" ar familiar to all of us. Manv
unwise things are done and many unwise
measures aro advocated In the name of
conservation, either through ignorance,
or bv those whose interest lies not In pro
moting the movement, but In retarding P.
For example, to stop water power devel
opment by needless refusal to Issue per
mits for water power or private irrigation
works on the public lands Inevitably leads
many men. friendly to conservation and
believers in Its general prlnclnles. to as
sume that It practical application Is nec
essarily a check upon pro-res. Nothing
could be more mistaken. The idea, widely
circulated of late, that conservation means
Jerking up of the natural resources for the
exclusive uso of future generations, la
wholly mistaken. Our purpose I to mako
full use of these resources, but to consid
er our sons and daughters a well as our
relves; Just as a farmer uses his farm
in ways to preserve its future usefulness.
Conservation Is the road to national ef
ficiency, and It stands for ample and wise
But in spite of these difficulties, most
of which are doubtless inevitable In any
movement of this kind, conservation has
made marvelous progress. I have been
astounded nnd delighted on my return
from abroad at the progress made while I
was away. We have a right to congratu
late ourselves on this marvelous progress;
but there Is no reason for believing that
the fight Is won. In the beginning the
rpeclal Interests, who are our chief oppo
nent In the conservation fight, paid little
heed to the movement, because they nei
ther understood It. nor saw that If it won
they must lose. But with the progress of
conservation In the minds of our people
the flzht is getting sharper. The nearer
we approach to victory, the bitterer the
opposition that we must meet, and the
greater th" need for caution and watch
fulner.s. Onen opposition we can over
come, but I warn you especially against
th men who come to congresses such as
this, ostensibly as disinterested citizens,
but actually as the paid agents of the
special Interests. I heartily approve the
attitud of any corporation. Interested In
the deliberations of a meeting such as
ths, which come hither to advocate, bv
Its openly accredited agent, view which
it believes the meeting should have 'n
mind. But I condemn with equal readi
ness the appearance of a corporate agent
before any convention who does not de
clare himself frankly as such.
This congress Is a direct apeal to the
patriotism of our whole people. The
ration wisely looks to such gatherings
for counsel and 1"adershlo. Lt that
leadership be sound, definite, practical,
and on the side of all the people. It
would bo no small misfortune if a meeting
such as this should ever fall into the
hands of the open enemies or false fiends
of Ihe great movement which it repre
sents. It Is oor duty and our desire to make
this land of ours a better home for the
raco. but our duty does not stop thre.
We must also work for a better nation to
live In this htter land. The development
nnd conservation of our national rharac
ncter and our free Institutions must go
hand in hand with the development am!
conservation of our natural resource,
which the governor's conference so well
called the foundation of our prosperity.
Whatever progress w may make as a
nation, whatever wealth we may accu
mulate, however far we may push me
chanlcnl development nnd production, we
shall never reach a point where cur wel
fare can depend In tho last analysis on
nnvthlng but honesty, cviraee. loyalty,
nnd good citizenship. The homely vir
tues are the lasting virtues, and the mad
which lends to them Is the road to gen
uine snd lasting success.
What this country needs I what evrr
free country rrvist set before It a the.
great goal toward which It works n
equal oportunity for life, liberty and tho
pursuit of happiness for every one of It
citizens. To achieve this end we must
put a step to the Improper political do
minion, no less than to the Improper eco.
nomlc dominion, of the great special
interests. This country. Its natural re
sources, lis natural advantages. Ita oppor
tunities and Its InsMtutons. belong to all
It citizen. They cannot be enjoyed fully
fullv nnd freely under nny govornmen In
which the pedal Interests a such have
a vuh-e. The supreme political tisk of
otir day. the Indispensable condition of
ratloral efficiency nn 1 national wdfnre i
to drive t!.e rp?e!cl ir.icncts out of our
M '.ii.V- I s-MhVr
Smudfje He calls his new invention
n "noiseless automobile."
Grudge Noiseless? It makes an in
Smudge llo claims that the loud
ness of the smell drowns out tho loud
ness of the noise, and vice versa.
HOW A DOCTOR CURED SCALP
"When I was ten or twelve years
old. I had a scalp disease, something
like scald head, though it wasn't that.
I suffered for several months, and
most of my hair came out Finally
they had a doctor to see me and ho
recommended the Cutlcura Remedies.
They cured me in a few weeks. I
have used the Cuticura Remedies, also,
for a breaking out on my hands and
was benefited a great deal. I haven't
had any more trouble with the scaln
disease. Miss Jessie , F. Buchanan,'
R. F. D. 3, Hamilton, Ga'., Jan. 7, 1D03."
Kept with Darnum's Circus.
P. T. Rarnum, the famous circus
man, once wrote: "I have had tho
Cutlcura Remedies among the con
tents of my medicine chest with ray
chows for the last three seasons, and I
can cheerfully certify that they wer
very effective in every case which
called for their use."
Opportunity cf suffragist.
Baroness Aletta Korff tells in one
of the magazines how the women of
Finland came to vote. The fact Is
that women had to show that they
could meet an emergency before tho
vote came to them. They have not
had many opportunities to take tho
initiative in the world's history and
they have not always responded when
the opportunity came, but when a
crisis, such as that in 1904, when the
strike and the( revolutionary outbreak
in Russia took place at the same time,,
occurred, they proved they could
make peace by doing it. Not until
England and the United States find
the women helping them to bear somo
great trouble will they give them the
right to vote.
Mrs. Simruonds glanced at the scare
headline: "Bank Robbed! Police at
Sea!" and laid down the sheet.
"Naow, look at that, Ez!" she ejac
ulated, repeating the headline aloud.
"Here's a big city bank broke Into by
burglars, and th city police force all
off flshin somewhere! What a scan
Very, Very, Easy.
Tatience You can't do anything
Patrice Oh, yes, you can. You can
run In debt.
iThe Army of
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