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8 THE OMAHA DAILY dBEEi FRIDAY , JULY 0 , 1804.
Mr. Boeewator Shows Why Free Silver
Democrat and Populists Are in Error ,
THEORY OF 10 TO J NOT PRACTICABLE
Itenl Kclntlve Vnlua Mint Ilo Considered In
Order to Maintain I'lirlty Ilotwcrn til *
Two Dollnm Interniitlotml Agree
Mr. Edward noscwater addressed the
members of the Hamilton club In the Pat
terson block last evening upon the subject
" 10 to 1 , " his address covering the silver
question , with especial reference to Its bear
ing upon the commercial Interests of the
nation , Ho proved to the evident satis
faction of his hearers that many of the
theories advanced by the free silver
democrats who recently visited Omaha ore
mere fallacies when subjected to analysis.
Ho proved that the populist Idea that prices
advanced with the Increase In the volume
of currency was a mistaken Idea. Not
only that , but he proved by official figures
that the oft repeated assertion that the
prices of farm products depanded upon the
prices of silver In the markets of the world
was false. The figures he quoted showed
that when the prlco of sliver went up the
price of pork and corn went down , end
that during the pant year and at the present
time , with silver at the lowest prlco In Its
history as a money metal , the prlco of corn ,
which , according to the populist tU'ory ,
thould bo less than 10 cents per bushel , ob
stinately refuses to bo governed by the
free silver schedule and Is mounting up to
40 and 45 cents per bushel. In discussing
the silver question , Mr. Uosewater said :
It Is eminently proper that n club founded
by republicans and named after Alexander
Hamilton , the first secretary of the treasury
and the originator of our financial system ,
should , If possible , endeavor to enlighten
Itself with regard to one of the great
Issues of the present campaign , Our friends ,
the enemy , thp populists and. a great body
of the democrats , are aboutto perpetuate
B fusion on the one Binglo Issue that con
gress shall enact a law providing for the
free and unrestricted coinage of all silver
brought to the United States mints at a
ratio of 16 to 1. Before I attempt to discuss
this issue I want to call your attention to the
declaration of the republican party In Its
platform adopted at Minneapolis In June ,
1892. That declaration was as follows :
"The American people from tradition and
Interest favor bimetallism , and the republican
party demands the use of both gold and silver
as standard money with such restrictions
and under such provisions , to bo deter
mined by legislation , as will secure the
maintenance of the parity of values of the
two metals so that the purchasing and debt
paying power of the dollar , whether of sil
ver , gold or paper , shall bo at all times
equal. The Interests of the producers of
the country , Its farmers and Its worklngmen ,
demand that every dollar , paper or coin ,
Issued by the government , shall bo as good
as any other. Wo commend the wise and
patriotic steps already taken by our govern
ment to secure an International conference
to Adopt such measures as will Insure n
parity cf value between gold and silver for
use as money throughout the world. "
In Interpreting the platform adopted at
Minneapolis , President Harrlcon gave a fur
ther expression of his views In the following
"I am thoroughly convinced that the free
coinage of silver at such a ratio to gold as
will maintain their equality In the commer
cial uses of the two coined dollars would
conduce to the prosperity of all the great
producing and commercial nations of the
world. The one essential condition Is that
these dollars shall have and retain an equal
acceptability and value In all commercial
transactions. They arc not only a medium
Of exchange , but a' measure of values , and
Mien unequal measures are called In law
by the same name , commerce Is 'unsettled
J * nnd confused and the unwary and the Ig
norant are cheated. Dollars of unequal com
mercial value will not circulate together.
The better dollars are withdrawn and become -
como merchandise. The true Interests of
our people , and especially of the farmers
and the working people , who cannot closely
observe the money market , Is that every
dollar , paper or coin , Issued or authorized
by the government , shall at all times and
In all Its uses bo the equivalent , not only In
debt paying , but In purchasing power , of
any" other dollar. "
The republican candidate for vice presi
dent , Mr. Whltelaw Reid , stated the ques
tion even more clearly and more concisely
when ho said :
"We demand that every dollar , paper , sil
ver or gold , shall be made and kept as good
as any other dollar. "
Now , those who have given the subject
close attention and are familiar with the
history of the financial affairs of our na
tion will bo compelled to agree with me
that any attempt to couple together gold
and silver at a ratio that does not represent
their true value will bo a failure , and will
have the effect of driving out the better
dollar and of making the cheaper dollar
the money of the people. Value Is that
quality of money or thing that will Induce
a person to give for It In exchange any
article or commodity or labor. When two
articles or , commodities require a different
amount of labor In their production It natur
ally follows that they cannot and will not
bo freely exchanged upon an equal basis.
Going back to the old days when commerce
consisted only of barter and exchange , there
might have been a time when a keg of nails
was equal In value to a sack of flour. But
an Inventive ago has reduced the cost of
labor In the manufacture of nails. The time
came when the same labor that produced a
keg of nails In six days produced the same
keg In'three days , so that two kegs could bo
made In the same length of time by the same
labor that formerly produced but one keg.
When that time came the parity of the nails
and flour ceased. The man who produced
the sack of flour would not exchange It for
one. keg of nails. Ho demanded two kegs
of nails , because his sack of flour repre
sented six days of labor , while the one keg
of nails represented but three days of labor.
The Illustration Is a simple and homely one ,
but It proves Indisputably that law cannot
maintain the parity of two articles of un
equal valuo. It also proves that although
the owner of the sack of flour might stamp
I It " 100 pounds , " and put but eighty pounds
of flour on tbo Insldo , he could
still BO ! ! It for eighty pounds
I and no more. His eighty-pound suck
would not pass current for 100 pounds of
flour , for the value Is not there. So It Is
with gold and silver. It Is true that for
eighty odd years In the history of this gov
ernment a silver dollar of 412H groins could
be exchanged for a gold dollar In the great
commercial marts of the world. Hut the
time en mo when a change In the relative
value of the two metals took place. As the
production of silver Increased the cost of
the production decreased , In due course of
time , according to they well recognized laws
of commerce , gold brought more on the mar
kets of the world than silver. But so long
as the government or the people were willIng -
Ing to barter gold for silver on an equal
basis a silver dollar was worth as much
as a gold dollar. It IB BO today. Our sil
ver dollar Is as good as a gold dollar , but
only because the government has said that
It will exchange a gold dollar for a silver
dollar at the pleasure of the man who holds
tbo silver dollar and because the people
itlll have confidence In the ability of the
government to so redeem Its silver dollars.
BHUOR OP THE POP.ULISTS.
Our populist friends Insist that this state
cf things shall continue forever. They say :
"This law Is like the law of the Modes end
tha Persians. AVe demand that the government -
mont shall continue to exchange one ounce
of cold for sixteen ounces of silver , regard-
leiq ot the value of the silver In tha great
markets of the world. "
Now , the demands of the populists and
the democrats ot the Bryan school depend
entirely upon the ability of the government
to maintain this artificial parity of the two
mctali. The Government's ability to do this
will depend entirely upon the amount ot
gold It can keep on hand.
Let us look backward a little Into the
financial history ot this Government. The
( nttemen who recently visited Omaha for
tha purpose of holding a "tree sliver con-
< re jolufcU la Uwlr talk a jout
the unfriendliness of the government to sil
ver. They talked a great deal about the
Great "crime' " of 1873 , when the silver dollar
lar was itrlcken from our list of coins.
These men Insist that by reason of that one
single act all the calamities which have
beset the country are to bo accounted for.
They assert that the silver Industry has
been ruined , the debtor class Increased , the
manufacturer and the farmer crushed. What
basts have these Men for such declarations ?
In It true that the government has been
"unfriendly" to silver ? Let us see.
In the first sixty-five years In the history
of our government our silver mines produced
.about $1,000,000 worth of sliver. From 1792
until 1873 the cnllro coinage of silver dollars
lars by the Government amounted to only
$8,250,000. Those of us who remember the
times "prior to the war know that In those
days we had no sliver dollars In circulation.
They existed merely as curiosities. All our
silver coin consisted of Mexican quarters
end halves , and , very rarely , of Mexican del
lars. Now , what happened when sliver
was "struck down ? " 1'r.lor to 1873
silver was a scarce commodity. H sold at n
premium of 1 per cent. Nobody was foolish
enough to take silver to the mints , where he
could get but 90 cents for a dollar's worth.
In 1878 the llland act was passed , and on
March 1 , 1870 , list than eighteen months
after the passage of that act , the govern
ment had coined 30,000,000 silver dollars.
This coinage was continued until 1891 , at
which time the government had coined about
$400,000,060 In sliver dollars and subsidiary
coin. This certainly docs not look as If
the government ot the United State ; had
been unfriendly to silver. And yet , of this
Immense mount of silver coined , only about
$ CO,009,000 has been thrown Into circulation.
The secretaries ot the treasury have used
every effort to get this money out among the
pesple. They have offered to pay the coit
of transporting It to the large manufactories
of the country If the manufacturers would
take It nnd pay It out to their working men.
In tome Instances this was actually done
and the silver dollars found their way back
to the United States treasury In a week
after they had been paid out.
Then , hero Is cnother point which possibly
Mr. Dryan has "never thought of. The
director of the mint has computed that the
cost of minting a coin of any value , whether
It be $1 or a 120 piece , Is 2 certs. On that
bnsla It co ts the government $1,000 to coin
CO,000 $20 gold pieces with a total value
value of $1,000,000 , while It costs $20,000.
to coin 1,000,000 sliver dollars. It cost the
government $410,000 to coin the $110,000,000 In
double eagles turned out since 1873. The
cost of the same amount of money coined
in silver would have been $8,200,000 , leaving
the exccts of the cost of coining the silver
remaining al $7.800.000. And yet the
populists , with Mr. Bryan , want the govern
ment to continue this enormous and use
less expense. It would bo far better to
pile silver In the treasury vaults In the
shape of silver bricks.
VOLUME OF CURRENCY.
Again , the populists tell us that the people
ple have not enough money. They say the
volume of currency Is not largo enough to
enable the people of this country to trans
act business. It occurs to me that the
country has been transacting business for
the past twenty-five or thirty years. Wo
must have had the volume of currency nec
essary to transact this business. It must
be remembered that 93 per cent of the busi
ness of the country Is transacted with check's
and drafts. So In addition to the $23 per
capita of actual money In circulation this
country has had the benefit of billions and
billions of dollars' worth of credit checks ,
Just as good for the purposes of commerce
as If stamped by UncleSam , , for after all
paper money Is simply 'l 0 Us evidences
of debt. But a silver dollar Is not an I O
U. It Is money , and It circulates only be
cause the government stands ready to ex
change a gold dollar for It. The moment
that the government Is unable to pay gold
for silver Just that moment will silver re
turn to Its place as a metal and a com
modity. The stamp of the government cuts
no figure. Gold passes In the great mone
tary centers of the world by weight. When
wo export gold we rarely export gold coin.
Exporters prefer gold bars , and for their
purpose they are willing to pay a slight
premium over coin.
Replying to a question from the audi
ence , Mr. Rosewater stated that the republi
can pary was for honest money. It was In
favor of a financial policy by which every
laboring man would get his money In cur
rency that would not shrink In value In a
night , that would bo just as good In Florida
as In New York , and In Oregon as In Ne
braska , that could bo placed In a bank and
kept there a day , a week or a year , and still
retain Its full value. "Suppose , " said he ,
"the government would follow the advice
of Bryan and. his followers and open the
gates and permit all the silver of the world
to be dumped here and coined at a ratio of
10 to 1. The gold would bo drained out of
the treasury In forty-eight hours and the
country be reduced to a silver basis. What
would follow ? The laboring man who had
a small deposit In the bank 'would be paid
In silver and be robbed of 30 cents on the
dollar by the banker , who would buy silver
with gold. The price of labor would bo
the first to go down and the last to come up.
Creditors would call In loans and Increase
the rate of Intercut. The country would be-
reduced to the condition of silver imtlons
like China , where labor commands the
smallest price In the world.
"Tho populists point to France as the
country where the blessing of prosperity
Is enjoyed to a greater degree than In any
country on the globe. And yet you will
find that France Is the greatest debtor na
tion In the world , and her people the
heaviest taxed. Her wages are lovser than
In England , In spite of the fact that she
has a per capita circulation of $44 , while
In England the per capita circulation Is
but $22. In addition to this fact , It can
bo proved that the United States has taken
fewer precautions In the way of protecting
her currency Issues by a gold coinage than
life three great commercial nations of
Europe combined. Franco circulates $21
per capita In paper and silver covered by
$23,50 In gold per capita. England circu
lates $4.25 per capita In silver and paper
covered by $11.40 In gold. In Germany the
proportion of silver ahd 'paper to gold Is
$7.40 to $10,12 per capita , while the United
States protects Its silver and paper Issues
of $14 per capita by $11 In gold per capita.
The United States circulates $432,700,000 In
paper uncovered liy gold , while France ,
England and Germany combined circulate
but $314,000,000. France , with all of her
alleged prosperity , according to the theories
ot our populist friends , still remains the
leading gold country of the globe , she
circulates $900,000,000 In gold , England
$550,000,000 , Germany $500,000,000 and the
United States $089,000,000. ,
CANNOT DO IT ALONE.
"U has been claimed by the gentlemen
who met In Omaha the other day that the
United ( States could alone maintain the
parity ot gold and sliver by legislation which
would exclude foreign silver , thus enhancing
the value of our own. This , In my Judge
ment , would bo Inpractlcable. In
the last three years , according to
the ofllclal statistics , this country
Imported from $25,000,000 to $35-
000,000 In sliver. It would be almost
Impossible to exclude foreign coin sent hero
In payment of debts. U would be mixed
with American silver and deposited with the
mint by American silver producers In spite
ot any precaution tlint might be taken.
Director Leach has stated that during the
past few yearn so much foreign silver has
b en mixed with American illver that It
haa ben extremely difficult to arrive at the
true figures covering the production of
"Notwithstanding all that has been said
about the great crime ot 1S73 , the pro
duction ot silver has made enormous In
creases. In 1870 the production amounted
to $10,000,000. In 1893 It had Increased to
$85,039,000. Tha position ot the populists In
claiming that the prices of commodities
depend largely upon the price of silver Is
equally fallacious. Figures covering a great
many years reveal the fact that
In 1S72 , one year before the
Infamous conspiracy so frequently alluded to ,
the price ot mess pork ranged from $11 to
$16 per barrel. In 1879 , after the Bland act
had so greatly stimulated the price ot silver ,
mess pork went down to tram $7.70 to $13,75
per barrel. In 1882 the prices soared up to
from $16 to $24 , without any appreciable
Increase In the prlco ot silver , while In 1891 ,
when silver brought the high prlco of $1.21
per ounce , the foolish farmers of this coun
try wcro selling mess pork for as low as $7.iB
per barrel. In 1893. after congress had re
pealed the silver purchasing act and thc
price ot silver went to the lowest point In 1U
history , pork sailed up to from $10.28 to
$31.SO per barrel. " The speaker wai at a loss
to understand thise flcurea when applied to
the popullit theory. He could only explaJn
them by the application ot the law ot
and demand , which regulates price * all over
the world. It was the name way with lard
and It l tha came with corn , In the daya
when silver was -bringing fancy prices farm
ers were burning their corn because It was
worth so little. And at the present time , '
with silver almost worthless as * com
modity , corn was mean and obstinate
enough to ask 40 and 45 cents a bushel for
In conclusion Mr. Rosewater alluded to
the labor disturbances of the past year1 , nnd
showed that they wcro In no wise connected c
with the prlco of silver. The legislation ot
last year had not even affected the silver In
dustry except In the cases of a few low
grade mines In the west. The labor troubles ,
having no relation to silver , would adjust
themselves In time. England , Germany nnd
Russia had experienced serious trouble In
labor circles and yet they had no silver
mines. It must be remembered that all ot
the gold nnd silver mines In the United
States did not employ as many men ns were
engaged In farming In the state of Nebraska.
The production of silver was Insignificant
when compared with the productions of
many of the great states of the union. Penn
sylvania alone produced $150,000,000 worth
of Iron products , Including coal ,
The Injection ot $70,000,000 or $80,000,000
of silver Into the circulating medium annu
ally would not and could not benefit the
worklngmon. Until the laboring man could
got his wages raised to the new basis he
would be the loner In every way. After his
wages had been Increased to the new stand-
nrd ho would bo no better off than he Is
today. The true policy nnd the only safe
policy for the United States was to continue
the efforts of the past to secure through co
operation with all the great commercial na
tions of the world a standard by which gold
nnd silver might be maintained upon n
parity acceptable to oil alike.
wu DON'T IMIASI : : THEM.
It Appcnrs tlmt Sonic of Our Competitors
Don't l.llto U .
The following circular was sent out by
some one who Is Intercitcd In somebody
else's welfare :
"Hoyden Bros , handle penitentiary made
goods , also nothing but unfair nnd scab
made goods. All organized labor Is re
quested not to patronize Hayden Bros. We
also ask organized and unorganized labor
to assist In this boycott.
COMMITTEE OF ORGANIZED LABOR.
Don't patronize Hayden Bros. "
The above Is the latest we have seen of
the many circulars distributed during the
last two years. While we have no reason
to believe the1 public Is Interested In this
style of petty spite work , many people may
not know the charges made are absolutely
Wo do not sell penitentiary made goods
and will forfeit $100 for every dollar's worth
found In our store. We have no quarrel
with organized labor and never discharged
or employed any one on that account.
We do know that some of our competi
tors are very unfriendly , nnd wo have
reason to bellevo they are Interested In cir
culating these reports.
The plain truth Is , our competitors don't
like our way of selling goods , and any one
who will compare prices nnd quality can
easily see why they are not suited.
It Is so utterly Impossible to please all
that we will bo well satisfied If wo please
our customers and leave the boycotting to
The picnic to be given at Courtland Beach
by Mars lodge , No. 130 , K. of P. , on the 6th
Inst , on account of recent orders from the
army , Is postponed Indefinitely. Notice will
be given hereafter.
All tickets dated July G will bo honored
then , or can be turned Into the clmmlttee.
COODY , WOOD , LEFFLER , Com. .
THE SCHOOL CENSUS.
Returns Show n Slight Increase Over the
1'lgurcs Koportod Last Year.
The report of the canvassers who have
been engaged In taking the school census for
several weeks past has been revised by the
committee on boundaries of the Board of
Education , and Is now supposed to bo as
nearly correct as possible. The totals show
a alight Increase In the number of children
ot school ago since last year , but this Is.not
In proportion to the Increased number of
pupils who have registered as pupils at the
various schools. The conclusion Is that dur
ing the year a greater number of children
have been attending school than usual on
account ot the hard times. Many boys and
girls who have usually been at work hove
been thrown out of employment , and have
consequently put In their time at school.
The distribution of pupils nmoiigtho , wards
la considerably changed from a year ago.
The change In the ward boundaries last
spring Is largely responsible for this , as
some of the territory that belonged In one
ward when the last census was taken has
now been transferred to another. The en
tire cost of taking the 1894 census at the
usual prlco of 3 cents a name Is $899.22.
The following table shows the school popu
lation of the various wards as compared
with a year ago :
First ward 3.4S2 2,850
Second ward. 4,203 4,741
Third ward. . . 3.123 4.4M
Fourth ward. 2.331 2,205
Fifth wnrd. . . 3.973 S.728
Sixth ward , . . 4,520 4KO
Seventh ward 2,454 2,374
Eighth ward. 8,437 2.045
Ninth ward. . 2.1S9 2.418
Totals 29,742 29,974
JOINED HIS SON IN JAIL.
Major Wllcor Tlncd for Hofnslnc to Answer
Questions In Court.
Major Jeremiah C. WIlcox was compelled
to join his son , Sherman G. WIlcox , In the
county jail yesterday on a charge ot con
tempt similar to that on which the son was
Jailed by Judge Blair Tuesday afternoon.
The contempt grew out ot an old suit
against the major on account of a promis
sory note given by him nearly two years
ago. The note was never satisfied , and
the holder , Harry Cartan , secured a Judg
ment In Judge Scott's court for the amount.
An execution was Issued to satisfy the Judg
ment , but the officer found It dlfllcult to
ascertain just what property was owned
by the father and which had been trans
ferred by the son. Sherman was brought
Into court on a capias , but refused to
answer any Interrogations of the judge In
regard to the status of the property on
which he was committed until ho should
bo more tractable.
Yesterday Judge Blair attempted to
obtain the same Information from Major
WIlcox , with the same result , and the major
waa fined $100 and costs and committed to
the county jail until such time as he should
bo ready to answer the questions ot the
Notice of five lints or lets under this head. fUtj-
cents ; each additional line , ten ccnti.
BPRAQUE Emma J. , Infant daughter of
Mr. and Mrs. Frederick Bprague , Thurs
day , July 6. 1891. 1'unenu from family
residence , 2326 North Twenty-seventh
treet , July 6 , at 2:80 : p. m.
IS IN AN Hi PREDICAMENT
Dissensions in Health Board Prevent it from
Court's Order ,
IT IS ALL ABOUT LOCATION OF DUMP
"llalf the Member * Wnnt It Uutiltla the City'
Riicl Unit lu lilo AlMvnco of Uiio
The present status of the Board of Health
In Its relations to Juclgo Kcrguson's court
Is somewhat peculiar. The board Is under
positive Instructions from the court to ttx
a dumping ground for garbage , but cannot
obey because Us membership Is equally di
vided on the location of the proposed dump
and cannot get together. Several futile ef
forts Imvo been made to agree on a location
to bo submitted to tha court , but the mem
bers are apparently no closer to an agree
ment than they were when the controversy
was first started.
The matter all hinges on the Interests of
the garbage contractors. McAndrews , Dlu-
mcr and Duncan want a dumping place lo
cated out In the country somewhere not less
than two and three-quarters miles from the
city limits. Mayor Bemls , Chief Seavey and
Commissioner Savlllo are equally deter
mined to Imvo a dumping ground located at
some point on the river within the city lim
its. The foot of Lcavenworth street Is the
location most favored by the latter faction ,
but this Is warmly opposed by the garbage
contractors , who expect that If a dumping
ground should bo established at a consider
able distance from the city limits It would
freeze out most of the smaller fry and give
them almost ns much of a monopoly as the
contract that was knocked out by Judge
Fei'guson'n original decision.
A meeting of the board was called at 3
o'clock yesterday afternoon to decide on a
dumping ground , In accordance with the
mandate of the court. Neither McAndrews
nor Bruner put In an appearance , and Dun
can looked In long enough to say that ho
had Important business and could not at
tend the meeting. After some discussion
between the three members present , Acting
Assistant City Attorney Maccomber was
called In for advice. The mayor wanted to
know whether there was any legal means
by which the board could compel the absent
members to attend. Judge Maccomber de
cided that nothing could bo done In that
direction more than to see that the mem
bers had ample notice of the meeting.
The question was raised whether the
board would not be liable for contempt In
falling to act on the order of the court , as
with only three members present It was Im
possible to take any official action , and
every effort had been made to obtain the
presence of the other members without suc
cess. Acting on the advice of the attorney ,
the board adjourned until Monday , after
preparing a statement for the benefit of the
court to the effect that the three members
named had appeared as directed , but that
the board had been unable to take action
on account of the delinquency of the three
members. This , the city attorney advised ,
would protect tlionnembors who were present
and lay the burden of the failure to act on
the members who had refused to attend.
RAlfJlOADS O.V TUB HACK.
Intcrntato Commerce ComniUMnn After
Them foHVlolatloiiM of I.iuv.
WASHINGTON , July G.-A big gathering'
of representatives of railroad and steam
ship companies engaged In the Atlantic
coast trade Is expected nt the rooms of
the Interstate Commerce commission on
Friday , when they will conduct an Inquiry
Into certain alleged discriminations In rates.
In the order summoning the appearance of
the railroad people the commission says :
"It appears fiorn an Inspection of the Joint
tariffs of ratesvupon interstate trafllc to
points In Georgia , Tennessee , Alabama and
other southern territory cast of the Mis
sissippi river and south of the Ohio and
Potomac rivers that carriers in many
cases make a greater charge for the trans
portation of such traffic for a shorter than
a longer distance , and that by reason of
recent changes in these tariffs the num
ber of these departures from the rule of
the state hus been greatly increased and
the disparity between the rate for longer
nnd shorter distances has In many cases
been greatly enlarged , and also that there
Is reason to believe that notice of the
changes In rates has not been given to the
commission nor to the public , ns required
by law. " The carriers embraced In the
scope of the order Include the Pennsylvania
road , the Cumberland Valley , the Norfolk
& western , the Kast Tennessee , Virginia &
Georgia , the New York , Philadelphia &
Norfolk , the Richmond & Danville , the
Richmond , Frederlcksburg & Potomac , the
Atlantic Coast llnu and other southern
roads ; the Old Dominion. Clyde. Ocean
and Merchants nnd Miners Steamship com
panies , the Nashville & Chattanooga road ,
the Cincinnati , New Orleans & Texas Pa
cific , the Illinois Central and other west
ern companies. The discriminations com
plained of are a result of the late rate war ,
which was started by a combination of the
steamship nnd railroad lines. Only com
petitive points , however , profited by tne
cut , and the rates to noncompetltlvc polntu
were unchanged. For Instance , the rate
from New York to Atlanta was reduced
from $1.46 per 100. pounds to 95 cents , but
the Intermediate points continued to pay
the old rates. These cuts In the east were
felt by the lines running- between the Ohio
line and the Atlantic , where there was a
big- reduction In the rates to competitive
points , but none to Intermediate points.
Closed by Creditors.
I. Obcrfeldcr & Co. , wholesale millinery ,
were closed up late yesterday afternoon by
creditors. Notice was posted on the door
of their business house nt the corner of
Eleventh nnd Douglas streets to the effect
that the house was closed and In the pos
session of the Flint National bank of
Omaha. At the court house claims aggre
gating $27,900 were Hied as follows : Two
claims of JIL',000 each In favor of the First
National bank of Omaha. $2,900 In favor of
Dallemnnd & Co. of Chicago and $1,000 In
favor of Maria Hellman.
Dunn & Co , stated that the firm had
been heavily In debt for some time , and n.s
buslneis had been dull In Its line It had
been Impossible to pull through. Under
fuvoiuble circumstances It would have been
possible for the firm to have wiped out HH
Indebtedness nnd escaped Its present trou
bles. The llrm failed a year ago and set
tled with Its creditors for 20 cents on the
District Court Notes.
Louis D. Loevy has brought suit In dis
trict court to recover } 2COO from Earnest
Broquet for services rendered. The plain
tiff says that two years ago Broquet hired
him to assist him with expert advlco in
the purchase of a largo consignment of
merchandise , with the understanding that
be should be paid in proportion to the value
of his services. Ho has not received a cent
and considers his assistance worth tut-
amount for which bo has sued.
The Byron Heed company has sued
Charles \V. White nnd others to obtain
judgment on three promissory notes of J.JOO ,
each of which wera given by the dcfumlunt
In 1683. _
Wants Her Son IColeugctl.
Shortly before noon yesterday an aged
colored woman > appeared before Judge
Dundy and prayed for the release of her
son , who Is one of the Commonwealers
under arrest at tills point. The old lady
stated that her eon , who Is a brother of
Sam Payne , now under arrest for the mur
der of Maud Rubcl , was her only support
nnd that he had left Omaha only five days
before beingarrested. . Judge Dundy has
the matter under advisement.
Open Door OUiuon.
The ofllcers for the Open Door for the
coming year are : W. J. Uroatch , president ;
awarded Highest Hor.ors-World s Fair.
The only Pure Cream of Tartar Powder. No Ammonia ; No Alutn.
Jsed in Millions of Homes do Years the Staudarc-
Mrs. Joseph Duryen , vice president ; Mr ?
n. II , Penttle , secretary , J. A. Sundorlnml
trenmlrerj Mrs. O. W. Olnrk. lu-v. W. P
IIclllnjTH , Ilnbbl Leo M , Franklin , Mrs. F
A. Tuok r. Mrs. Watson B. Smith , Mayo
OeorRe P. llenild , Mrs. Cnrl Hcrrlnp , Mrs
E. U Wood , Mr. IxuilS Llghton , Mr. Jay
Burns , trustee ! ) ,
Miss Julia. Mnhoney , sister of Deputy
Sheriff John J. Mnhoney , wns united in
marriage yesterday morning to Mr. Thomas
Douglass of thin city. The ceremony wns
performed InSt. . Patrick' * Catholic churcl
by Hev. Father Jennnotte , nfter which the
wedding party sat down to n plensan
wedding breakfast. At the end of the fes
tivities the bridal couple took tilt- train for
a two weeks' wedding trip to the Pnclllc
A noteworthy , feature of the nffnlr wan
the fact that the bride wns the fifth o
ten children to 1m mart led In Omaha. Al
ten of the children have remained In Omaha
and they were nil present at the wedding ,
Senator Warren of Wyoming Is at the Mil
J. W. Simpson of Salt Lake Is at the
B. U. Sadler of Lincoln IB nt the Mer
W. L. Sephons and wife of Fullerlon wcro
at the Merchants last evening.
l > nisl < ilii > * nt tlir IliitoU ,
At the Paxton H. A. lilcnklnson , Has
At the Mercer F. K. Burnhnm , Madison
J. H. Chambers , Herman.
At the Merchunts-L. C. Landls , William
Stewart , Hastings ; Henry M. Wlnslow , Co
lumbus ; C. E. Holmes , Hastings.
BABY'S LIFE IN THE BALANCE
The Simple Preventive of Oholera In-
fantura that is Woith More Than nl !
the Medicines in the World Lactatet
Now Infant , lives
tremble In the balance.
Heat , and food that
falls to nourish , cause
cholera Infantum ami
the exhausting diar
rhoea that carries ofl
so many babies In
July and August. Other
deaths shrink to Insig
nificance nt this season
beside the fearful re
turns of Infant mortal
ity under C years.
Where mother's milk
, Is defective or Insuffi
cient In nourishing quality , lactatcd food
best supplies the need ; for Inctatcd
food most close ! > resembles mother's milk.
The basts Is sugar of milk In both cases.
Whenever baby's weight falls to show a
steady Increase the nutrition Is for some
reason Imperfect. Lnctated food at these
times should be used cither altogether or to
supplement the natural milk. In nil such
cases there results a rapid gain In weight
and indications on every hand of a health
ier , livelier , more- hearty existence.
The efficacy and nutritive quality of lactated -
ted food is today acknowledged by everyone.
As a preventive of cholera Infantum .It Is
worth more than all the medicines In the
As a strength-giver to growing Infants
nothing can compare with It. As a food
that is easy to procure and prepare , nnd Is
liked by the little ones themselves , too much
cannot be said for It.
It has saved the lives of thousands of In
fants within the last few years. It has
been the food of hundreds of babies who
have never been sick. Above Is the pic
ture of the one-year-old child of Mrs. Ed
ward Newcom of Logansport , Ind. , which
was received the other day. accompanied
by the following letter from Mrs. Newcom :
"Our baby hadto , use artificial food on ac
count of no nurse. Wo tried several differ
ent kinds ol Infant foods , but none agreed
with him until wo commenced the use of
lactated food. Now he Is perfectly healthy.
We are still using the food and recommend
It to all our friends. "
This Is the experience of hundreds of
mothers In this vicinity and will bo the ex
perience of hundreds more.
IN 4 TO 10 WEEKS
Pay until Curod.
A NEW DISCOVERY.
NO PAiN OR TRUSS.
NO OPERATION OR DANGER ,
NO DETENTION FROM BUSINESS.
Send for our New Book.
NATIONAL RUPTURE CO.
119 S. 14th St , Omaha , Neb.
Etc , , Etc ,
Now styles for 1804
An Immense variety o
pieces now on exhibi
tion. Wo soil nothing
but the finest quality of
rattan and willow poods
each piece guar
Remember that our
prices are just a trillo
lower than the figures
charged in all other
Wo exhibit all the
varieties and styles of
Btaln and finish Imita
tion Oak , Mahogany ,
white and gold , otc.
Everything for sum
mer comfort. Select
ions should bo made
now , \yhllo our stock Is
lareo , and before the
most attractive pieces
CHARLES SHIVERICK & GO , ,
rurnlturo of Every Description ,
Temporary Location ,
Ji'CO uinl I'-'OH JJniKr/uaStroot.
UILLAHD HOTEL ULOQX
Business of the
Will be Closed July 23.
Meantime to quickly dispose of the balance of the stock , such
prices have been put on the goods as will
SELL ON SIGHT.
But Little Money
will buy a great deal. You never saw the like and all are
seasonable goods , such as you want right now.
Cool Things for hot weather
Thin coatand vest for 5oc , formerly sold at Si.
Elegant alpaca and mohair coats , black and colored , at $ r ,
Fine black and colored coats and " vests , 3 shades , at $2 , for
merly $3.50. " * *
F.ne black fancy stripes and plaids , mohiir and alpaca lus
tre coats and vests at $2.50 , formerly $4.25.
Fine black tete a tete coats and vests , extra long cut for $5 ,
formerly were $8.50.
All the men's spring and summer suits that we have on
hand , cut one half.
3,000 boys' and children's suits at half price.
At 5oc , $1.00 and $1.50. Odd sze ; pants at $ i , $1.50 and $2.
IB Wilson Bros1 Negligee SliirtJSc
* i * >
of imported Scotch gingham and cheviot , collars attached also
collars detached (2) ( ) and cuffs , and sell at 750.
Mail orders promptly filled , when money is sent to pay ex-
Cor.lSth and Fariiam.
For Young Lndlo * .
Sli Depirttnenti. l Officers in > l Teachers.
ArtUU. ( lymnnatuai. Art. Elocution. Modem ap
pointments throughout , afiih ycirbejit. 6th. Tor Catalogue
addreii ArctiibnU A. Jonei , I'rcU. I.rilncton. Mo.
'rebterllrt Home ScVool for Vounjj Ladles. One of the
Idestand lst in Missouri , Appointment inoilern.Urulond
Irt. TeacliersSvclalist | Illustrated Catalogue. AdJretf
IIoxO2i : Kar. T. P. Walton , 1'rc.t. Lexlncton , Mo
Don't FOD ! With Your Eyes
Headaclio Oausoil by Eye Strain.
Muny persona \\lioso licaila are constantly ch-
Inn havu no Idea what relief ucfentlllcally At'
tea elas8f3 will Klvo them. Tills theory Is not *
unlM. rialy ! cMubllslicil. "Jmi > iui > eily lltted clan * .
rs , will Invailnlly Increase ) tlio liuublo and mar
lead to TOTAL 11LINUNUS3. . Our ability to ad-
luit RlnsetH E.irely and coucctly Is beyond que * *
UOD. Consult U3. ijc' tested fica or charge.
THE ALOH & PJENFOLD CO. ,
W I. SEYMOUR GRAUUATK OPTICIAN Opposite Paxton Hotel
OPURA AND HUADINO QLASSHl LOOK VOll TI1E COLD LION.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . .
w > i. i .t..iv I. nu.ulllvrf ) .ifo .1.11 ( Klljtjll. l filllly I.Ill I FMMIS. rtfCrvOUl *
iieti.nll drain * onil limner potiurliiUciieratlvo Uremia ( if elllirr nixcnuied
broTcrciortlnn , you till ill error * , etccnglvo usool ti > 0iiccoui > lum orstlin
lilonts. wltlcli lend tu Inllrinltjr. ( iinnuiiiinlnn ur Ini-unlly. Can 1m curried In
ve iiockoi. Ul | ivrbux , < l fursn , by nutll preiKild.VltlinS5 order
elve written uiiurunteo la cure nr rrfunil the tniuu-y. Sokl by all
. 'ilriiviil'tii. ' Auk font , luku no other Wrlln for frci'Mcll ( nl llciol : tcnttenka
i Ai-11.11 ihist. . Inpliiln wratipur. AcldrosNKIlVKHKKll C1O..MusonloT < irnriir.tillCAOv :
Bold In Omulm , Neb. , by Bhermnn & McCounell. by Kulm t * Co. uiiil by Viclcciu & Mcrcliant , druj
Llko tills ploturo ,
Bip variety to
69c Each. .
"Slio who hesi
tates too long11
L'lsos n blir bar-
COR. ioTH AND FARHAM S1S.OMAHA ,
I'AXtO.N 111.DC K.
CHARLES ST. PARK
HAS El OMAHA
Oldest Military School In the Missouri River Valley.
Heitthful moral fnrtiitnce. Thorough [ nstructinv Firm but
kind discipline Appuinlmenu unexcelled Term ! to suit
Ihetlmev Illustrated catilo ua ' I I I I
Santlford Sellers , M. A..gapt.LeilngtopMo.
Jiicellent course of itvdr : Uutlc , Art , Literature , Elncu *
tlon , Businesi , Ac. l.oratio > healthful ind pleasait , Oaf ,
water , steam licit. aOth y r openu BcpU 12tll 1801.
REV. W. A. WILSON , A. M. , President.
NO PAY UNTIL CURED
WE RtfEB YOU TO 8,000 PATIEHI8.
Write for Bank References
. . . _ _ k EXAMINATION FREE.
No Operation. No Detention from Business ,
SEND FOR CIRCULAR.
THE O. E. MILLER CO. ,
3 7-308 K Y Life Elrtif. , OMAHA , NEE
U , U. Ittfiotllort/ , Omaha , ffcbraiha.
Oft kern nni Directors- : Henry W. ill * .
fircflJuit ; Jotin 8. Oilllru. vlce.pretldint ;
E. J'O'l. Caclilor. William II. B. Hugh. . , u lit-
THE IRON BANK.
of tootli without 3H ! , Tactli taken out la tb
morning unit now nt liu'irtuU same cluy.
A fiilUoum r.ililnrtO.iK ) . liastoltmlo pinto
I10.0U. Kllvor mitiui M 00. 1'uro old milnxi
13.00 and up. llusl wuik ulwuy * .
BAILEY , -DENTIST
Bril li'loor I'-m-ii HlDflc , Kitliit l I'.irn-un8U
Kn iruucu H''li .uruul luu IjmJy uttuudaal
Taleiihuuo ! Ud5 , Uvruiuu kiiulu"