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Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, July 11, 1894, Image 1

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Took the Matter Ooolly and Started a
Hustle for Bail ,
Gave it Eeadily and Was Released in a
Few Hours.
All Qavo Pcnd in the Snrao Amount as
Their Leader ,
District Attorney SIIJ-H UN Prlvuto Letter *
Will IIn Kotiirneil Unopened but the
A. It. V. I'liper * Will Ito Ito-
talniit In IJvldi'iicc.
Sovereign's order to the Knights of Labor
lo strike at 7 o'clock this morning was Issued
late last night. U Is the Intention of the
general master workman that all knights
shall go out. He hopes to thus add 1,000,000
men to the army now unemployed.
Yesterday Judge Grcsscup charged the fed
eral grand Jury at Chicago. Promptly an
Indictment against Debs was returned and
ho was arrested , charged with conspiracy.
Other leaders were arrested under similar
'Indictments. All of DebV letters and papers
wore seized. He was released on $10,000 bail.
Sacramento will probably bo the scene of a
battle today. United States troops are to
nttemp't the movement ot trains. The
strikers are armed and say they will resist
to the death. Marines from vessels at Marc
Island have been landed to aid the land
During the day there were no disturb
ances at Chicago. In the coal fields there
were several collisions , and at one place the
rioters defied the federal troops and were
fired on , two men being killed.
Generally speaking the movement of trains
was accomplished much more easily than at
any time since the boycott was declared.
Locally there Is little of Interest. Some
of the more enthusiastic of the leaders say
that Sovereign's order will be promptly
obeyed by the Omaha knights , but the more
conservative are Inclined to the opinion that
there will bo no strike here.
Federal annul Jury at Chicago Promptly
I'liitlu u Trim Hill Asiilnit Mini.
CHICAGO , July 10. The federal grand
Jury , after receiving , the Instructions of
United States Judge .Grosscup this after
noon , returned Indictments against Eugene
V. Debs , president of the American Railway
union ; George \V. Howard , Its vice presi
dent ; Sylvestre Keliher , secretary , and L.
\V. Rogers , ons of Its directors , and shortly
thereafter the men were arrested. They
are charged with conspiracy to commit an
unlawful act that Is , to block the passage
ot the United States mails. Joined In the
Indictment with the four leaders of the rail
way union was James Murwln , the Rock
Island striker who threw the switch which
derailed u mall .train at Dlue Island on the
night of June 30. Debs , Howard , Keliher and
Ilogers were taken Into the ofllce of District
AttorneyMllchrlst Immediately after their
arrest and after a few hours' detention were
released on ball by Judge Grosscup , their
bonds being $10,000 each.
The federal grand Jury spent but a short
time on the case of Debs and the other
leaders of the strike. The case against them
for conspiracy had been prepared some days
ago by Attorneys Mllchrlst and Walker
and the grand Jurors had not been
at work two hours when the Indictment was
ready to be presented In court. It was based
o'n some of the public utterances , and this
was clinched by the original orders In writ
ing sent out by Debs directing men on the
different railways to quit work , and this
stopped the running of mall trains. A largo
number of telegrams sent by Debs from his
headquarters , giving directions which ex
tended the blockade of trains.were submit
ted to the grand Jury by E. M. Mulford ,
manager of the Western Union Telegraph
company , under a subpoena Issued by the
United States court , Judge Grosscup over
ruling the telegraph company's protest that
the messages were privileged documents and
exempt from seizure. Mr. Mulford had left
the grand Jury room but a few minutes
when the grand Jury filed out and walked
Into Judge Grosscup's court. Foreman San-
born handed to the court the Indictment ,
which was at once taken to the olllce of
the district attorney. Marshal Arnold and
a deputy were sent out with the warrants.
Shortly before 5 o'clock Marshal Arnold
returned with President Debs us a prisoner.
Debs was taken Into Mr. Mllchrlst's private
ofllce. He was accompanied by Theodore
Debs , his brother , who was with him when
the arrest was made. There were In the
ofllco when the head of A. R. U. arrived as
a prisoner , Edwin Walker and Mr. Mil-
Christ , and these were soon Joined by Judge
Grosscup , who had been summoned to take
ball. Deba sent his brother out to look for
bondsmen , and while waiting for his friends
to appear sat with the judge , the two at
torneys for the government and the mar
shal who had arrested him , while the
door of the olllcoVas locked to all comers ,
It was not long until Deputy Logan appeared
with Keliher , the secretary. In a short
time Theodore Debs rnturncd with Attorney
L. W. lllsbcc. who had been retained to < l .
fend the prisoners. At 6 o'clock Deputy
Logan appeared with Rogers and Vice Prest-
dent Howard. The latter was the only one
of the four whoso face bore traces of anger
or resentment as ho was taken Into the
back room. The others took their arrest
calmly. It was 7:30 : before Clerk Uurnham
ppcarcd ami the ball bond was legally ac
The bondsmen are Aldermen William Fitz
gerald , who qualified to the sum of J2iO.OOO ! ,
and William Skukel , who qualined for $30-
(00 , the bonds being In the sum of $10.000
each. It was some time later when the
formality of signing wan completed and the
Indicted ones left the building In company
Kvlth their bondsmen. Marshal Arnold found
Debs In his apartments at the I.eland when
Jie took.him Into custody. The strike leader
jwas sitting lit an outer room , which he used
kis an ofllco , when the marshal appeared , and
( there were several persons with him. When
the marshal Introduced lilnuelf Ibs
stepped Into an Inner room , asking HID mar-
ehal to go with him , and then the marshal
allowed his warrant.
"I am ready to go with you , " said Debs
iwltli apparent cheerfulness , as ho walked
Into the outer room and reached for his hat
and walking stick. "I have been Indicted
and arrested , " ho said to those who were In
Itls olllco , and without any further remark
Jie hurried nway with the marshal. While
the ball was being arranged Attorney John
l'Geetlng Joined the party In the district
attorney's olllco. Ho was retained by the
'A. ' R , U. olllcers on Monday evening to ua-
flct In their defense In case of their being
nrrested ,
he defense of the men will bo directed by
Clarence F. Darrow , who la the attorney of
the union. The indictment against Deb * ,
Keliher , Howard , Rogtrs and Murwln U
founded on sections 550 $ , G509 , 5330 and
6536 of the federal statutes.
While waiting tor ball to be arranged ,
Debs , In an Interview , said : "We have
been placed under arrest , to answer to an
Indictment found against us by the federal
grand Jury , In which we are accused of cnn *
splracy to commit and of committing of
fenses against tre United States by obstruct
ing and Interrupting the malls of the coun
try. Our ball has been fixed at $10,000.
Since I have been brought hero I have been
Informed officers of the court have gone to
out headquarters In the Ashland block and
taken my personal correspondence and come
of the reports of the A. H. U. It do not
know by what right this act has been com
mitted. It poems to mo to be an Infamous
outrage. Not only did they take iny persona )
effects and papers , but carried with them my
unopened mall. I have never heard of that
before In this country. In Russia and not
out of that country have such things been
done , U Feems like the act of the czar of
Russia Instead of the act of a free country.
The seizure was made by an oGlcsr of the
Court and a postofilco official. I am not
running a lottery and cannot understand by
what laws the postoince authorities are a
party to UK- seizure of my private mall. It
Is an outrace and you call this a free coun
try. It seems to me not to be compatible
with the stars and stripes. It Is no longer
a question of right In this country , but a
question of force and absolute force at that. "
District Attorney Mllchrlst , when
quest , oned about the seizure of the
effects of Mr. Deb3 , said : "These men were
arrested on asubpoena duces tecum , a per
fectly legal operation , whereby they are
commanded to bring with them everything
pertaining to their business. In this case
we have a corporation to deal with the A.
R. U.--The effects of that corporation can
be brought to the court under a warrant of
the kind Issued today. The records of the
corporation are subject to the orders of the
court. It Is not an unusual procedure In
thiscourt. . Only recently "when we were
trying the railroads for violation of the In
terstate commerce laws we Issued the same
process. I will say , however' that If the
officers of the court took any of Mr. Debs'
personal mall It will bo returned to him un
opened. Letters addressed to him aa presi
dent of the American Railway union , how
ever , will not be returned to Mr. Debs.
The grand Jury , In addition to the Indict
ments against Deb3 and his associates , re
turned indictments against a number cf
men who have been arrested during the past
two weeks and bound over to the court by
Commissioner Hoyne on charges of viola
tions of federal laws ( n connection with the
Ilapo of tlio Str. Itors Appears to Ito In To-
ilny's Walkout.
CHICAGO , July 10. Slowly but steadily ,
calmly and certainly as death , the supreme
power of a great nation throughout all that
wide stretch of Its domain where evil dis
posed people are taking advantage Of an
exceptional Industrial condition to Incite violence
lence and bloodshed , the federal government
Is moving to the accomplishment of that for
Which powers were delegated to It by the
people , the preservation of order and the
safety of life and property. At Chicago , In
conjunction with the state and the munici
pality , It has already brought peace out of
the condition which prevailed last weak. At
San Francisco , Sacramento , Los Angeles and
various points In Colorado and Washington ,
where the unruly are crying havoc. It has let
loose the dogs of war In token of Its Inten
tion to have pence , even If It has to flght
for it. In this city , the military arm having
accomplished Its purpose , the Judicial arm
took up the orderly course of Its duties ,
which Include the fixing upon the guilty par
ties the measure of their crime and adinlstor-
tng to them fitting punishments thereto.
The first step In this procedure was the
assembling of the federal granu Jury and the
delivery of the charge by Judge Groascup , as
set forth In extenso elsewhere in these
dispatches. That it Is the Intention of the
national authorities not to be turned aside
from an exhaustive Inquiry Intp the ques
tions which It has undertaken to pass upon
by mere technicalities was evinced at the
outset by the brusqueness oy which It swept
aside the plea of privacy and privilege which
the Western Union -Telegraph company , with
a due regard for the privacy of the mes
sages ot Its clients , was forced to put In
when the Jury called for the messages from
President Debs to the- members of his order
which had been transmitted over Its lines.
The court held that public safety was para
mount to private right and so ordered that
the dispatches be produced. That It Is the
Intention of the government not to be too
long about the work In hand was'shown from
the fact that the footstep of the telegraph
official who brought the dispatches had
scarcely ceased to re-echo along the corridor
leading to the grand Jury room when that
body filed Into Judge Grosscup's court and
announced that It had found a true bill of
Indictment. Pending the arrest of the per
son thus put under Indictment his name re
mained locked In the breast of the lord high
executioner and the public was allowed to
draw all Its conclusions from the premises
and such preliminary data as It had at
hand. That President Debs was the man
none doubted , and subsequent developments
Justified the surmise.
Touching the outlook for the future out
side of Chicago , It may be said that today's
dispatches were almost uniform In tenor to
the effect that normal conditions had already
been restored or that they were rapidly approaching
preaching that state , and there seems no rea
son at this writing to suppose that the
progress toward a complete resumption of
trade and trafllc will meet with any serious
check as the coming days shall succeed each
other. In other words. It does not seem pos
sible , with all thu forces of law and order as
now arrayed , with their leader put to his
own defense at the bar of Justice , with their
ranks beginning to bo depleted by desertion
and with the strain which they have already
endured , that the A. R. U. can rally Its
forces for a struggle which mustneeds be
long and discouraging at best. Apparently ,
therefore , their only hope of final triumph
lies In the aid which they hope tj got from
union labur outside of their organization.
As this Is being written the order for all
classes of labor In Chicago to go on a strike
tomorrow morning Is being promulgated and
that of Grand Master Workman Sovereign of
the Knights of Labor , calling on all members
to strike and all who sympathize with the
Pullman strikers all over the country to
come out with. U.em. Is expected to follow
quickly. Haw- generally the orders will be
obeyed Is problematical. To a great .extent
their effect has been already discounted by
the stagnation of business * and It Is known
that scmo of the longest headed of the labor
leaders themselves believe that action has
been postponed too long to be fully effective.
At sunset tomorrow this nation will probably
know whether the situation Is one of crisis
or collapse.
II.SU.MIM. ; :
Freight Tralm MoUni ; on All lEo.idn l.ru < t
IIIK Out of Omaliii.
There Was brightening of railroad skies In
this vicinity yesterday and the movement
of trains In and out of the depots and the
Increase- freight traffic , showed better than
anything else that the railroads were sue-
ce sfully lifting the blockade.
Homo little difficulty was experienced .Mon
day by the Union Pacific at Rawllns and
for a time serious results were anticipated ,
but the more conservative of the strikers
managed to hold the crowd In check and the
day ended with only loud talk.
Freight Tratllc Manager Monroe sent out
to all agents and connecting lines the fol
lowing telegram yesterday : "Our train
service having been resumed we ore now
prepared to receive and promptly handle
freight of ill kinds Including live stock and
perishable for all points located on the Union
Pacific system except points on the Pacific
division west of Umatllla . "
General Manager Dlckltuon announced that
freight was moving south and east of Poca-
tella and that passenger trains were running
over the entire mountain division except
from Pocatello to Silver IJow. He stated
that the situation In'-Montana according to
Superintendent E. E. Colvln was very bad.
Mr. Buckingham Is authority for the statement -
ment that No. 1 , the "overland flyer , " will
not bo unit out fpr a week yet , until the
Central Pacific wai omncd through to the
General Freight Agent Snydcr of the Rock
Island announced that his line had resumed
taking alt classes of freight west of Illue
Island and various Junction points as Jollct ,
and Seneca , Trains N'os. 4 and 2 arrived
on time and N'os. 1 and 3 were sent
General Manager Holdregc of the Burling
ton dinted that everything was quiet about
the Chicago yards , trains running with
regularity and with full equipment. That
the Ilurllngton switch engines In the Chicago
cage yard began work at 3 a. m. He also
read from a telegram that the Union stock
yards were also ready for business , the
wreckage having been cleared away and the
tracks opened.
A telegram received at the Union Pacific
Indicated that the Oregon company would
commence business today via Spokane for
N'othlng new was developed at the Mis
souri Pacific headquarters except the con
firmation that the night switchmen In the
Kansas City yards are out , but the day
men arc on duty , although they have asked
for protection. Mr. Phllllppl stated he would
continue to take freight for that point with
the cxcc-ptlonvof packing house product.
The other lines are all open and doing
business as usual.
lYdrrattMl Itmiril Confers with "Mr. Dlckln-
niin Other Matter *
Considerable Interest was manifested at
Union Pacific headquarters yesterday over the
presence Of the Federated board of the sys
tem In conference with General Manager
While the board at Its Cheyenne meeting
passed resolutions opposing the strike , and
which has done so much to allay public feelIng -
Ing that the Union Pacific might be com
pletely tied up , there were rumors afloat
that the board was not entirely harmonious
regarding the Pullman boycott , and that con
ditions had materially changed which war
ranted the" board In holding a conference
with the general manager.
The conference was of a very peaceful
character. General Manager Dickinson and
Superintendent of Motive Power McConnell
being present on behalf of the company ,
Messrs. Gllllland , Vroman , Klsslck , Clark ,
Pctrie , Corbln and Fonda representing the
federated board.
The conference developed that when In
Cheyenne the members of the board had a
talk with Judge Rlner as to the standing the
strikers on the system would have with the
officials upon the termination ot the boycott.
Judge Rlner told the members of the board
that lie knew little about the practical man
agement of a railroad , and referred the
members of the board to General Minagsr
Dickinson , whose recommendations for the
reln-tatement of the men would have con
siderable weight with him.
At 10 o'clock the mcmbars of the board
were accorded a hearing with the general
manager , who inaugurated the conference
by a general question as to the situation In
the west. After the little pleasantries were
exchanged which usually character ze meet
ings of this kind the chairman of the Feder
ated board Inquired of Mr. Dickinson what
was to become of the men on strike after
the settlement of all difficulties.
It was the general manager's opportunity
to place himself squarely on the question ,
and Mr. Dickinson remarked , that where
men could show that they hafl been Intim
idated , threatened with bodily Injury and
were afraid of going to work without pro
tection , such men he would recommend to
Judge Rlner for reinstatement.
"But. " remarked the general manager ,
"no omnibus or blanket plea will be enter
tained. The men desiring reinstatement
must show that they were ready to go to
work If called upon , and that they did not
conspire with strikers to Injure the property
or participate In riotous assemblies. An
for the men who havq threatened employes
In the discharge ot their duties , who have
been posing as leaders of mobs , and who
have been active In handicapping the road ,
these men could hardly be expected to be
reinstated. At least. I will- not recommend
their reinstatement. "
While the position of the general managers
was pronounced the members of the board
agreed that H was a very fair and Impartial
view to take of a situation , which they much
The question of what really constitutes a
"scab" then came up and the officials of the
company sprung a mild sensation on the
members of the board by Introducing the
definition of "scab" as outlined In a Denver
circular which was freely circulated In the
Denver capital during the Rio Grande dif
flcultles last week. I
Mr. Corbln of the Union Pacific Employes'
association , and secretary of district assembly
82 of the Knights of Labor , stated that the
circular had wide distribution In Denver , but
the definition of "scab" did not cccord with
the constitutions of many of the older Union
Pacific organizations. He repudiated the cir
cular and stated that it was Issued by some
irresponsible person.
At 12:30 : the conference adjourned.
At 1:30 : p , m. the Federated board held a
meeting on the call of Chairman Gilllland , at
the Arcailo hotel , to take up some matters of
pure detail connected with the business of
the board , but In no wise connected with the
tie-up on the Union Pacific.
At 3 o'clock Mr. Clark , on behalf of the
Brotherhood of Railway Trainmen , had a ses
sion with General Manager Dickinson , which
must have been a very dramatic scene , Judg
ing from descriptions of. the meeting which
got beyond the headquarters shortly after
the termination of the conference. Mr. Clark
called upon the general manager for the
purpose of having an understanding as to the i ,
question of "overtime , " which thu receivers |
are paying according to the order made by i ,
Judge Caldwell , but the manner of computa- j .
tlon seems to be misunderstood by the of- '
flcials and the men. Mr. Clark was In the
midst of a warm discussion of the question
when Judge Kelly of the law department was
called In to Interpret the order of Judge
Caldwell. At first , so Mr. Clark pays , the
limb of the law was Inclined to side with
htm as to his view of the order , but Mr.
Dickinson Interfered and had to set Judge
Kelly right , to the profound disgust of Mr.
Clark , who emphatically stated that he would
ask Judge Sanborn to rule on the proper
construction of the-order.
The differences grow out of the rule which
was substituted for Art. IV ( engineers old
rules ) , reading : "No overtime shall be al
lowed unless the time on duty has averaged
less than ten miles per hour , time to be
computed from the time first named to
leave. "
This , Mr. Clark Insisted , meant card time ,
and overtime .should bo allowed on that
basin , but Mr. Dickinson thought differ
ently , and the conference ended without re In
On coming out of the conference Mr. Clark
met Mr. Vroman , to whom ho remarked that
the general manager had brought In on him ,
not a cold deck , but a d d lawyer , whom
he would have rattled had not Mr. Dickinson
came to the rescue. Then the two chiefs
of labor on the Union Pacific fell to discuss
ing the "delayed time" feature , when Mr.
Vroman remarked that the Brotherhood of
Engineers had made concessions as to that
clause. "Well , the trainmen didn't , " said
Mr. Clark , "and anything the order of the
court says goes with me. If the court made
a mistake In quoting the agree
ment that's the court's lookout , not
mine. I shall ask Maater In Chan
cery Cornish to pass on the matter , and If
I can't get justice there I will take It still
higher. "
Mr. Clark was hot xnd ho didn't heslt'ato
In showing It. i
j (
Mr. Vroman , too , had a seance with the na
general manager on a question of computing nJ
overtime , but received little .encouragement b
looking to a settlement of difficulties beyond A
the remark from the general manager that w
ho had better go to Judge Sanborn for In li
terpretation. lia lin
Chairman Petrlo ot the firemen had "a talk n
ivlth President Clark upon the question of
Interpretation of the schedule as ratified by P
the court , General Manager Robinson of the as :
St. Joseph & Grand Island Interpreting the Vi
schedule one way , while some of th" re- Via
celvcrs held directly tothe opposite view.
Mr. Clark took the matter under advisement.
Having terminated thblr business with the
officials a number of the members ot the
Federated board left for their homes last
night , the others to follow today.
Talking to Mr. O. D. Clnrk of the Brother
hood of Railway1 Trainmen as to the
Cheyenne meeting , he said that the mem
bcrs had acted conscientiously In the matter
because the rank , nnd file of labor on the
Union Pacific system had been placed In
a very peculiar position by the action of
the United States - court. He stated that
the different organizations constituting the
Federated Board had given pledges to Judge
Caldwell and Rlner to abide by the action
of the court. That they had received from
the court more , really , than they had asked
and therefore were bound to their pledges.
"This case Is without a parallel In the
history of railroads , " said Air. Clark , "and
there was nothing left for us to do at
Cheyenne other than we did do. While we
are In hearty sympathy with labor every
where we are not In accord with the A. R.
U. In this fight , although as Indlvldulas wo
would like to see the cause of labor
triumph. Having pledged the Federated
Board to oppose the strike if our action Is
not sustained by the members of the brother
hood why there \r \ nothing left for us butte
to resign. I am , however , fully convinced
that the great majority of the employes of
the Union Pacific will endorse our course ,
for we did nothing' hastily at our meetings
In Cheyenne. Every - point was carefully
weighed and Ilia rcsplutlons , while not
countenancing the strike , permit the mem
bers of the various orders to go out on n
strike as Individuals. But we have no
trouble with the Union Pacific management.
They have lived up to the schedules ratified
by Judge Caldwell and It would be the
height of foolishness for us to run counter
to the court after tlie solemn pledges we
made. So far aa I know I believe the
Union Pacific has seen the worst of the
strike and If we can get the men back who
went out , I believe under a misapprehension ,
our duty to our constituents will be done.
Mr. Gllllland , chairman of the board , re
marked that while he was In hearty sym
pathy with the men of Pullman In their de
mand for arbitration , and while he would
personally like to take a shy at Pullman car
just to show where he stood on the question ,
he and his associates had been In court and
had been accorded a respectful hearing ,
winning a notable victory and their position
In consequence being' unique cue , he voted
In favor of the resolutions frowning upon the
Clmrge.il with Interfering with Interstate
< .onimcreu ami Hindering the
CHICAGO , July 10. John J. Hannahan.
vice grand master of the Brotherhood of Lo
comotive Firemen , was a prisoner In Com
missioner Hoyne's ofiice this morning. " 1
was taken out of myj house at midnight- , "
said he after he was released , "and was
compelled to leave the-bedside of my sick
wife. I have done nou .of the things charged
against me. .On the , contrary , I haw done
all I could to preserve the peace and end the
strike. I boarded no .engine to Induce the
engineer and fireman to quit , but I suppose
In times like these-here is no use in com
plaining. "
Hannahan Is a candidate for congress in
the Second or Stockyards- district , and In the
firemen's brotherhood ; Is second to Master
Attorney Mllchrlst paid the government had
a good ' case against Hannahan. He was ar-
reste'd-Jast night-athis'-home 5539
, - , Princeton
street , in Englewoda toii . , a Warrant sworn ,
out before Commissioned Hoyno by E. C.
Gregory , who has aiirqlBce lnroon.52 , ( atthe.
Dearborn station. The warrant charged , the-
vice grand master w'ith > , ln < erferlng , wlth In
terstate commerce nnd th ? . passage' the
malls. The arrest .was made" by D PUty Mar
shal Frank Joy , the cx-PIukerton detective
who took part _ in the stock yards riot of 1887
and has beeri'-chnrged with firing the shot
on that occasion which killed Terrcnco Beg-
ley. '
After he had been arrested Hannahan was
taken to the Hotel Normandle and was kept
there until this morning by two deputy mar
shals. This morning the commissioner fixed
his ball at $3,000 and the bond was signed
by John Berg , a maker of firemen's appara
tus , and Fred Kcrle. The complaint on
which thef warrant was Issued charges that
on July 7 Hannaban boarded an engine on
the Western Indiana and Induced the engi
neer , George Brady , and the fireman , J. C.
Trail , to leave the engine , thereby stopping
the train.
Hannahan was Indignant when he was be
fore the commissioner and protested against
being compelled to , give $3/000 bond. "I
don't care for myself , " -said he , "for I can
give that amount , but don't establish such a
precedent , "
When he was told' that $3,000 was the usual
ball , he said no more.
There Is little doubt that Eugene V. ' Debs
will be arrested within the ' next twenty-four
Scheme of Corporation Attorneys at Denver
to Jail the A."It. U. Leader.
DENVER. July 10 , If the- grand Jury
which will meet In Chicago tomorrow should
not Indict Eugene V/'Debs , president of the
A. R. U. , a warrant ( will 'be Issued from the
federal court In this district for his arrest
on a charge of violating section 10 , article 1 ,
of the constitution at- the United States ,
which provides that , no , state or territory
will make any law /'which will Impair the
obligation of contracts. " Attorneys here
deduce that Debs Jn ordering the strike
attempted to force the Impairment of cer
tain contracts made between the Pullman
company and the railroads and that he
therefore violated the "constitution of the
United States.
A bill has been prepared by a firm of
corporation lawyers which will be placed In
the hands of United Slates Attorney John
son In case Deba IS ) no _ arrested within a
few days aU Chicago. The fact that Debs
has called out the Union Pacific and Denver .
& Rte Grande railroads here brings him
within the pale of this district , although heat
at the time may be In another state.
If ho be brought here for trial the Western
Union company will be compelled to produce
all dispatches sent by Debs \ vlla \ view to
showing that he called upon the men to
quit work. Judge , Hallett does not think
there Is any necessity to bring Debs here ,
as he Is confident the Illinois court will want
" '
him. .
MILWAUKEE. July , 10. Four more men
have ben added to : tlic company of railroad
men held by the United States authorities
for Interfering with ) the mails or violating
the Interstate commereo act , making eight
all. President nu\\i \ \ A. Archibald of the
local branch , 134 Of .the A. R. U. , for whom
the marshal baa been" looking for several
days , was arrested Ja&t evening on his re
turn from Kaukaunai Walter "Dunn. William
Crlmmlns and William Horn weru arrested
this morning.
Iteconl ot Frank Joy .Dock Who Is Now a
Chlctiiro .identity.
CHICAGO , July XO , ( Special Telegram to
The Bee , ) When Frank Joy Dock was released -
leased from the Nebraska penitentiary on
Sunday , May 13 , after Jervlpg a term of
three years for utteHng forgery , he waa
welcomed at the gate -by a United S'ates '
marshal and baled away to Chicago post ' '
hast to be arraigned , before Commissioner
Coyne for crimes committed against the
laws of the United States , especially with
reference to malls , pock has not yet had
trial , but now , under hla alias of Frank
Joy , he Is serving the processes of the court
before which he Is yet to appear as a felon.
Acting as a deputy marshal he served the
warrant Issued by Commissioner Coyne callIng -
Ing for the arrest'of Vlco President Han-
ahan of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Fire
men.When Dock was relea-ed from Lincoln
penitentiary there wai considerable rivalry
to which officer should have him. He
was wanted by the Cook county , Illinois ,
authorities for the murder of Terrenes Beg-
Icy during the stock yards riots In 1SS7.
At that time Dock stood on the rear plat
form ot a train loaded with Plnkerton spe
cials , and as It pulled out front a , station he
fired Into the crowd of women and children
that had congregated on the platform , and
killed Tcrrence Begley , a 12-year-old boy.
Ho was alto wanted In Denver , where he
was once arrested for obtaining money under
false pretenses In connection with a telegraph
school , but escaped from the ofilcers by
jumping from a second-story window and
running. He was also wanted for stealing
money from the Plnkerton Detective agency
while acting as an employe of that Institu
tion , The explicit charge against him In
connection with the United States inallj was
stealing money orders.
Llttlo Trotiblo Uclng Expcrluurrd on the
Llm-i * OiitprliiB There *
TOLEDO , July 10. The situation here this
morning Is better than yesterday. The
Michigan Central str.kers held a meeting at
midnight and decided to go to work. The
Pennsylvania u moving all trains without
trouble , and the strike on the Hocking Val
ley Is over at this point. The Ann Arbor
officials have Issued an order dlscontlnu ng
all scheduled freights , following the exam
ple of the Clover Leaf. The latter Is mov
ing as few trains as possible , and Its yards
here are perfectly quiet. The Lake Shore
Is the only po nt of trouble. A few freights
are getting through , having to run the gaunt
let of petty annoyances , sujh as having
coupling pins drawn and the crew assailed
with verbal abuse from spectator. ' . AH
efforts to Involve other roads or to cause a .
general strike of all labor organizations have j
so far failed. Public opinion here Is strongly
against such a strike and the general feel
ing Is that the worst of the trouble hero Is
over.A special to the Blade from A-hley , Ind , ,
on the Wabash road , says thai the blockade
Is raided there , sixty nonunion men being at
work. Hiram Agler , president of the local
American Railway union , was arrested by
United States deputy marshals last night for
Interfering with Interstate trafllc and taken
to Indianapolis.
Receiver Callaway of the Clover Leaf
states that the engineers on the western di
vision of that road at Frankfort , Ind. , are
applying for reinstatement and are being
taken on as new men at the rate the road
chooses to pay them. The yard men of
this road , who were forced to quit work by
the str.kers yesterday , were all ordered to
report for duty today.
I.ako Shorn Trying to .Movo Trains \rlth
( ircrn Ilaiiili at C'li-f i-liiml.
CLEVELAND , July 10. The railway mana
gers are today making an organized effort
to raise the freight blockade. Another large
batch of nonunion men were brought Into
the city from the east about midnight last
night. These , with a number of others who
arrived yesterday , were put to work In the
Lake Shore yards this morning. The com
pany says these men are experienced hands ,
and that If no resistance Is offered by the
old men , and If they are afforded ample pro
tection , the blockade on that road will be
quickly raised.
One hundred and fifty policemen are
massed at Hhc down town stations , and
United States Marshal Haskell has 350 depu
ties In readiness < for a call.
At the Big Four yards an attempt was
made early today to get out a freight train ,
but n conductor cpuid not be found to take
charge of It , and , the train still remains on
a Eldlns- '
The Nickel Plate succeeded In-getting a
mall train and one. freight started for 'the
west this morning. It Isr'h. question , however -
over , " whether ithese , trains will go farther
than Bellevue , as tho.-rpafl Is reported to be
completely tied Up at that point and west of
there. The other roads have so far made
but slight efforts to resume work , apparently
awaiting the outcome of the proposed break
on the Vanderbilt lines , where It seems to
be agreed that the strike shall be broken
first , if possible.
Passenger trains are running as usual on
the Big Four , Lake Shore , Baltimore &
Ohio , C. & P. , Erie and other lines.
Northern I'uclfln Trains I'axB Through 1111-
. lings mill Livingston , Mont.
ST. PAUL , July 10. All day passengers
are running on schedule time. No night
trains are being run on the Duluth branch
of the Omaha until that road Is sure of the
protection of the Wisconsin authorities at
Spooner. All wires have been cut or are
down ut that place , and no direct word has
been received from there since yesterday ,
and the situation is thought very grave. In ,
this city an Increased amount of freight
Is being handled dally. The advices from the
Northern Pacific coast train today are that
It passed Billings , Mont. , safely , early today.
The mayor of Livingston telegraphed Gen
eral Manager Kendrlck : "Don't let your
train pass Livingston. If It does , not a brick
will bo 'left standing here. " Mr. Kendrlck
. eplled : "The train will go by. If Inter
fered with , not another brick will bs laid
In Livingston. " The train passed Llvlag-
ston without molestation.
Freight U'liroliouiiw Reopened anil Trains .
IletiiR DlNpatchefl More Frctily *
ST. LOUIS , July 10. The condition of traf-
flc at this point Is reaching a normal condi- '
tlon. On the west side of the river and on
the transfer systems the yards and engines
are fully manned. On the east side the
freight warehouses this morning reopened
for business , and the volume of trafllc hand
led Is sho\ylng an Increase , the forces of .men
at present at work being large enough to
handle more than now conies to themj A
large percentage of new men arc handling
the switch targets , though there Is more than
a . sprinkling of old men on that side of the
river. So far as the divisions terminating at
St. Louis on all the roads are concerned ,
there Is no trouble with road crews now except -
cept on the Louisville & Nashville and Mobile
& Ohio. The strike last night on the Clover '
Leaf has not had any appreciable effect hero
beyond the capacity of the Joint employment s
bureau here to take care of.
Proclamation of the President Will Emlthe
Strike In Colorado. ,
DENVER. July 10. "That's all "I want , "
said General McCoolc , 'after reading the > ,
president's proclamation ordering all unlaw
ful assemblages In Colorado and other wes
tern states and territories to disperse bei i >
tore 4 p , m. today.
"What will you do under the proclama
tion , general ? " was asked.
"If the dispatch Is given obedience It
saves me the trouble of doing anything , "
was the response. "The president's procla
mation settles the strike. "
"Will you permit meetings. In the Interest
of the strikers ? " 1
"If the meetings are of a seditious charac I
ter I will certainly not permit them , " said ll
the general. | _ _ | c
Took Oft the Piillnmin.
NEW ALBANY , Ind. , July 10. The L. E ,
& St. L. ( air line ) railway passenger train
for St. Louis was attacked by the atrlkers
at Hoffman's switch about one mile outside
the city. The Pullman cars were unhitched ,
and after hitching the mall car to the engine ,
the train wai ordered to proceed , leaving the
Pullman cam behind , which was done. The
passengers returned to the depot on foot and
demanded their money , which was refunded. ,
< lrncril Muiiugrr'H Stutoinont , c
CHICAGO , July 10. The following state ci1
ment was received by Mr. Egan of the Gen i1t i1t
eral Managers association : "Today , Tues t
day , the railways out oChlcago handled "
their usual number ot through trains ; many
ot them have resumed suburban service. The
number ot freight trains , both In and out
ot tli city , ou all lines , hu largely In-
creased since yesterday. The backbone of
the strike was broken yesterday. Nearly all
of the requests for men by the different
railroads have been filled. The railroad com
panles have nothing to say as to the prose
cution of Individuals who violated the laws.
That matter Is left In the hands cf thu gov
ernment. "
o.v THI : viit : < ; i : or KIIUI.IION. : :
Striken * ut Sacramento Are lleiully Armed
mill Miy They Will Tight
SAN FRANCISCO. July 10. There are
many conservative men of affairs here who
fear and believe that tomorrow will develop
a desperate conlllot between federal soldiers
and the striking American Railway union
men and their allies. Sacramento Is the
threatening point. The seriousness of the
situation Is shown In the warlike precautions
that the army authorities have taken. Up
to 11 o'clock this morning the federal all
thorltlcs have made every move In secret.
At about that hour the big ferry steamer
Alameda steamed out from the Oakland mole
and steered directly across the bay to the
Presidio wharf. At 11:10 : the stunner had
effected the landing and there was all the
noise and bustle of a hasty embarkation of
horse and Infantry. Two troops of Infantry
and a battery of artillery were rushed on
board. Gatllng guns and Hctchklss can
non were In evidence and Commandant Gra
ham at the Presidio was In command of the
expedition. The Alameda with her formid
able looking cargo steamed across the mouth
of the Sacramento river , but so guarded
had been the army authorities that nothing
was known until the ship started whether
her destination was the state capital or
Oakland. It la not probable that the troops
can be landed at Sacramento before mid
The publication of President Cleveland's
proclamation extending the conditions of
martial law to California caused Intense
excitement In Sacramento , but this after
noon when It became positively known Hint
Colonel Graham and his soldiers to the
number of over 300 were already cnroute
to reinforce the state troops at the state cap
ital the excitement there became wild and om
inous. The strikers grew louder In their
threats to resist any further attempt ot the
troops to clear the railroad yards and depot
and their leaders loudly proclaimed that the
Southern Pacific company would not be per
mitted to move Its trains.
Nor wore the hostile demonstrations con
fined to talk alone. Armed men soon ap.
peared In the streets. As If In preparation
for battle , they transferred their guns and
ammunition from their storehouse on J
street to their headquarters nearer the rail
road yards. No attempt at concealment was
made , The strikers marched boldly through
the streets bearing their weapons on their
shoulders and they were loudly cheered by
hundreds of sympathizers. It Is claimed the
A. R. U. arsenal holds at least l.GOO rifles
and shotguns and quantities of ammunition.
The strikers who came In on the train seized
at Dunsmulr brought in over COO rifles , which
they had collected at Dunsmulr , Red Bluff
and Slssons. Another train from Truckee
also brought in guns and ammunition.
This afternoon "a number of strikers were
practicing with their rifles on the Yolo sldo
of the rlrcrt" There arS now over 3,000 of
these strikers In Sacramunto , to. resist the
federal and state troops. Flushed with their
victory over the United States marshals and
police on Tuesday last and a complete vic
tory over more than a thousand state militia
men on the followlpg , day , they are In Just
the mood to resist .the United States regulars
" " *
The steamer Alameda , with 300 soldiers
from the Presidio , arrived at Mare Island
this afternoon and took out 300 marines.
Then the Alameda steamed around the point
and the me'n were transferred to two Sacra
mento river steamers , which had been lying
In wait. One troop of cavalry was landed
on each bank and will march to Sacramento
along the river as an advance guard to the
boats. General Graham , while at Mare
Island , received orders from Washington di
recting him to proceed to Sacramento and
leaving the conduct of the whole campaign
to his discretion. It Is anticipated that the
strikers will attempt to Interfere with the
progress of the troops , but as each boat
carries Catling and Hotchklss guns an at
tack from the strikers on the river Is not
feared and the guard on shore will prevent .
offensive operations there. There was some .
Idea of transporting troops from Vallejo by
train , but as soon as the strikers at South
Vallejo heard they were coming they killed
all engines , ditching one , and spiked the I
switches , thus effectually blocking the track. |
This afternoon the crews from the Charleston ,
Monterey , Thetis , Marion and Independence
wore landed at Mare Island for riot drill. '
They comprise about COO men and will leave
for Oakland tonight.
In the face of the general preparations of
the strikers for resistance the attitude of I
the locomotive engineers Is attracting atten- '
tlon. Representatives ot the brotherhood
waited upon General Superintendent Flllmoie
at Sacramento this morning and announced
that they were ready to return to work at
a moment's notice. Superintendent Flllmoro
promised to notify them If ho decided to
accept their services.
At all points In the state save Sacramento
and possibly Oakland the events ot today
have turned In favor of the railroad company.
At Oakland no trains were moved. The
strikers and railroad officials there are
anxiously awaiting the appearance ot the
United States marines that have been or
dered to that point. In this city and at San
Jose passenger train service was resumed
today over the coa.'t division. Railroad offi
cials say freight trains will bo moved to- *
morrow. At uo point on the coast division
was violence offered by the strikers.
In southern California the blockade-
broken. Local trains are running on both
the Santa Fo and Southern Pacific. The
Santa Fa dispatched an eastern overland
yesterday ar.d this morning and the Southern
Pacific dispatched Its New Orleans special
from Los Angeles.
RIO VISTA , Cal. , July 10. The Acme left
at ! 10:30. : She travels about seven miles an
hour. She took about one-third ot the sol
diers , the balance arid the cavalry remaining
on the Alameda , which left at 10:35 : , fol
lowing the Acme. It Is not known where
the cavalry will get off.
bloux City Youngntcm Itnfiino to Hell Morn
ing I'll per * ut the 1'renent Scnlo.
SIOUX CITY , July 10. ( Special Telegram
to The Bee. ) The newsboys went on a
strike today against the morning papers , de- v
mandlng three Instead of two papers for 5 c
cents. They refuse In handle the papers c
until they get their demand. Nearly all ]
the boys In the city are In the union formed
to make the strike , and refuse to let the ,
"scabs" sell papers. About 100 ot them
made a demonstration In front of the Jour
nal ofllce tonight , throning stick * , can. * , j
etc. , Into the counting roam , and the p lieu i
had to be called to dr ve them away. I
Grand Master Workman Sovoroisn Issues i
Manifesto to His Followers ,
C'ourso ofSirGeorgo Pullman and the Rail
way Managers Reviewed ,
Pullman Doggedly Says Ho Has Nothing U
Arbitrate , However.
So\erelgn Cninp.irr * the .MitrrinU in III !
Summer Home to Nero , \Vlio I.iuilieU :
While .Murljrn llnriiccl Mnml
I'lrtiliind Keep the I'eiicu.
CHICAGO , July 10. Knights of Laboi
throughout the country , numbering nearly
1,000,000 men , have been called upon to
strike for the cause of organized labor.
General Master Workman Sovereign Issued
-in order late this evening to all members
of the organization to cease work until the
conflict originating In the strike of the Pull
man employes shall have been settled. Fol
lowing Is thu text of the order :
CHICAGO , July 10. To the Knights of
Labor of America , Greeting : A crisis hai
been reached in the affairs of this nation
that endangers the peace of the republic.
Every liber in our civil structure Is strained
to the breaking point. The shadows of fac
tional hatred hover over our fair land with
terrible forebodings. The arrogant lash of
superiority Is being applied by the corpora
tions with relentless fury , and the chasm
between the masses and the classes Is grow
ing deeper and wider with each succeeding
day. If peace Is restored and this nation
saved from acts repulsive to the conscience
of all Christian people there must he wlso
action , and that ejulckly. Sincerely believ
ing that .the flames of discord are belns
purposely fanned by the railway corpora
tions at the risk of the life of. the govern
ment I take the liberty to appeal to you
and through you to the conscience of the
whole people , imploring you to lay down the
Implements of toll for a short season , and
under the banner qftpeacs ; end with a pa ? "
trlotlc desire to promote the public welfare ,
use the power of your aggregated num
bers through peaceful assemblages to create
a healthy public EQntlrnen'l 'In 'favor , ot. an
amicable settlement ofthe issues growing
out of the recent strike of the Pullman em
ployes , and you arc further requested not to
return to your usual avocations until t
settlement of the pending trouble is made
known to you through some authentic source.
In the present strained relations between
corporations and their , employes Is Involved
a principle near aqd dear to all American
citizens , the right of labor to present Ita
grievances to the owners and representative !
of corporate capital. The Pullman Palacs
Car company refused to arbitrate the differ-
encesx-between Itself and Its employes on
the ground that cars were built below cost ,
and therefore there was nothing to arbi
trate. i But the conclusion of every un
i prejudiced mind must be that If such worn
the i true facts It could have nothing to fear
at the hands of an arbitration committee.
But i the Pullman company , goes further in
Its I autocratic policy than a refusal to arbi
trate. i It has refused to Join vyltli the busi
ness men and the board of aldermen of
Chicago ' to discuss the question as to whether
there Is anything to arbitrate or not ,
and : behind tills autocratic policy stand *
tha | managers' association ot the railway
corporations , backed by the United State *
army ' as the alders and Abettors of this
social crime.
Suppose the Pullman company had Invited
organized labor to arbitrate and organized la
bor had declined the Invitation and refused to
discuss the question as to whether there was.
anything to arbitrate or not. It Is needless-
to say a wave of popular Indignation would
obliterate every labor organization from tha
face of .this country and no moro could be
formed for the next ilfty years. The stigma
ot such a position would follow every name
connected with organized labor to the grave.
But In the present crisis the corporations ,
whose wealth has been created by labor , take ,
the position that they have prior rights and
choke their creator like the brigands of olden ,
time , rob the laboring masses and employ tha
sword and the bludgeon and set up a throne
on the bones ot the vanquished and declare
their divine right to rule over the balanco.
of mankind. . *
The Pullman company claims , notwith
standing the wages of their employes were
reduced to the starvation point , there U'
nothing to arbitrate , because cars have been
built ut a loss , yet It neglects to state that
the stock of the company has been watered
three times over and that the company has
been able to pay Its regular dividend ! ) on
water and all , and that Its stocks have long
been and are at the present time at a pre
mium on the stock markets , Mr , Pullman
cries poverty to his starving employes and
then retreats to his princely summer man
sion on Pullman's Island In the St. Lawrenca
river and wires the business men of Chicago
ho has nothing to arbitrate , Like a Nero be
laughs In luxury while devoted martyrs burn.
If the present strikeIs lost to labor U
will retard the progress ot civilization anil
reduce the possibility of labor to ever cmau-
clpate Itself from the thralldom of greed.
The dignity of labor and all tlie victories
won lu the past ( ire at ( stake In this con
flict , i beseech you to bo true to your obli
gations in this hour of trial. Court the co
operation ot the generous public. Stand
firm and united In our common cause and

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