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dallies , inornliipr and evening , nolil hy
ilcaliTM and i
Wlmt's the innltor with Ilnuim ? lie's
The republicans ot Ohio arc to bo
Ohio has also vindicated the right of
The voice of the people Is still a potent
force in every state of the union , Includ-
liif ; Ohio.
Mayor McKIsson of Cleveland prob
ably now wishes he had not pledged
himself to the Chicago platform.
An organization of McVlcar colored
republicans has been formed In DCJ
Molne.s. Isn't this a new color of poll-
Kobcrt K. Lee Ilerdman Is beginning
lo see a large area of low barometer
ahead , with the prospect that he will
have to work for a living.
As If in fear that Canada might be
tipped up when the rush to the Klon
dike placers begins , the story has been
started In Toronto that Labrador
abounds In gold.
The annexation enthusiasts should not
forget that it takes a two-thirds ma
jority of the United States senate to
ratify a treaty between this country
ami : i foreign nation.
Debate for the benefit of the pie
counter brigade has at last been closed
nnd the strain on the galleries of the
national house of representatives will
be temporarily relieved.
Senator Ilanna made a reputation for
political innovations as manager of tlics
presidential campaign. Ills senatorial
campaign , too , marks a few new de
partures In political skirmishing.
It Is to be hoped that every national
bank director just elected will appreci
ate the responsibilities devolving upon
the position as emphasl/.ed by the Judi
cial decisions of the past fow. ytnrs.
The report of the adjutant general of
Iowa shows that Iowa- has U)5,0U ! ; men
Kiibjeet to military duty , while the or
ganized mllltla numbers t--li > .S enlisted
men and olllccrs. Iowa could put u
iiuarter million soldiers Into the Held
for defense of Jho nation and still have
men and boys left to till ' .his farms and
feed the live stock.
Among other "big guns" to bo seen
next summer at the exposition will bo
one sent by the United States govern
ment lo show the landsmen from the
farms and llelds of the Interior what
manner of Instrument the government
provides for the marines who might
Homo day be called upon to protect the
American Hag and American commerce
on the hlglr seas.
The people of .Montana are proud of
fhe record of their state In 1807 , whan
more than $70,000,0 < iO worth of products
, were sold from the ranches , ranges ,
farms and mines. When they ilgun-d up
for the year they were pleased to learn
that the loss by reason of the decline
In the price of silver was more than
made up by the value added to wool
und lead through the operation of the
new tariff law , and the natural mlvnncn
lu value of the numerous other products
of the state makes a good showing of
prosperity In the llrst year of th ; Me-
Kin Icy administration. Montana Is not
merely u "uiluluj ; ca
lion. M. A. Ilanna will continue to
represent Ohio In the United States
ncnatc , having been elected for both the
short nnd long terms. This outcome of
one of the bitterest and most Indefensi
ble senatorial contests ever known a
contest waged on the part of the re
publican opponents of Mr. Hnnna from
personal motives will be exceedingly
gratifying to republicans everywhere
who respect political honor and party
loyalt . Mr. Ilanna will remain In the
senate a the choice of a very largo ma
jority of Ohio republicans , who declared
for him through their representatives In
state convention and at the polls. The
plurality of 30,000 by which the repub
licans won the Jeglslaturo was given for
Mr. Ilanna and was a mandate to every
republican in that body to support him.
Had all of them recognized their duty
and at the outset manfully declared
their purpose to discharge It the fac
tional light on Mr. Ilanna would have
been averted , greatly to the advantage
of republicanism In Ohio. As It Is , the
party Is to be congratulated upon the
failure of the conspirators to defeat Its
Senator Ilanna has boon the object of
a vast amount of wholly unwarranted
abuse and vlllllcatlon , but he has routed
his enemies and ho will justify the con-
lldonee of his friends * That he Is a
political manager of extraordinary tact
and skill everybody admits and that he
will prove to be a useful man In the
senate can be contldently predicted. A
highly successful business man , his
Judgment in regard to practical affairs
will have great weight In that body ,
wliile his sterling republicanism assures
his earnest support of all party policies.
Ohio will bo worthily and creditably
represented In the national senate by
Hon. M. A. Iluuua.
SPANISH 1A TULKKAACE.
It appears that the Spaniards In Cuba ,
who If possible are more Intolerant
than tlio.se lu Spain , are incensed at the
llstrlbutlon of relief by American con
suls , regarding It as u pretext for Inter
ference lu Cuban affairs. Of course
these people deny that there is any such
suffering In the island as reported , but
this is too well attested to admit of
my doubt. Indeed it is probable Unit
the newspaper correspondents , instead
of exaggerating , have told very much
ess than the facts would justify. The
statement of Mr. Itussell of the depart-
nent of justice at Washington , who has
lust returned from Cuba , shows that
there is a most deplorable condition of
affairs there. Mr. Russell's Investiga
tions in the island covered two weeks
and his account of the distress and suf
fering lie saw is pathetically impressive.
Such testimony is not to be doubted and
certainly no one will be disposed to ac
cept Spanish statements In contradiction
of it. So far as the Spaniards in Cuba
are concerned it is not probable that
any attention , will be paid to their In
dignation by the Imperial government ,
which knows that if they could have
their way Weyler would be returned to
Cuba and his policy renewed , perhaps
with added features of cruelty and bru
tality. These Cuban Spaniards have not
'the slightest sympathy with the policy
of the Sagasta government and would
heartily welcome a restoration of Wey-
A3fElllCAN CUM'RTITIUN WITH ENG
British alarm at the growing competi
tion of the United Slates with England
in the world's markets , as voiced by
I'rof. ISryco , Is well founded. This
country has made notable progress lu
the last two or three years in the exports -
ports of manufactures , especially the
products of Iron , American manufac
turers having : even invaded the English
market and undersold the domestic man
ufacturers. Prof. Uryce spoke of large
orders coming from England to the
United States for electrical plants and
for steel pipes and he might have told
his audience also that American steel
rails had been sold In England.
As to American competition with Eng
land in foreign markets It promises to
become quite as serious for lirltlsh
manufacturers as I'rof. Uryce fears.
Tills Is particularly true of the Iron and
steel Industry , In which the United
States lias distinct advantages over
England. An English newspaper n
short time ago said that "everything
points to the United States remaining
the cheapest steel producing country in
the -world and of this there can l > o no
doubt. " It is not so much a question
of wages here , nor of the superior en
ergy and .skill of American workmen ,
as of the greater abundance of accessi
ble coal and Iron ore. While British
mining goes deeper and grows more ex
pensive , In this country new surface
mines are being constantly opened , like
those at ! the head of Lnko Superior and
In the southern mountains. Great
Britain secured the control she long
held of the Iron and steel market of
tlie world because with an abundant
and accessible supply of coal and Iron ,
cheap labor and superior transportation
facilities she could produce and deliver
goods more cheaply than any other coun
try. These advantages she no longer
possesses and her Iron and steel Indus
try Is menaced on every side. It Is
confronted with German as well as
American coinpetltlon and this Is cer
tain to grow. American manufacturers ,
recognl/.lng their opportunity , will con
tinue to press forward and there can
lie no question that lu time this country
will outstrip England In the Iron ami
steel trade of the world. The causen
which are leading to this are Irresistible.
In view of what is being accomplished
In tills direction the observation of Prof.
Bryce , who Is of course a five trader ,
that "America is seriously lmndcapp.l ! (
by a high protective tariff , " Is not par
ticularly forceful , The development of
the Iron and steel Industry In this coun
try Is due to the policy of protection
and whatever may be thought of the
wisdom or necessity of continuing that
policy so far as this Industry Is concerned -
cerned , nobody , we presume , will seri
ously contend that our great Iron and
steel Industry could have been built up
without It. Protection has placed us in
a position to compete with England In
foreign markets and It Is hardly logical ,
lu view of tlia ducllulug export trade
of that country under free trade , to
any that America Is handicapped by a
high protective tariff. The practlca
results certainly contradict this view
and It Is by these that the merits o
our economic policy must be J ml Red
Protection created the Iron and steel In
dustry as It has the tlnplate Industry
now supplying three-fourths of the home
demand nnd which In a few years wll
compete In the foreign markets will
the Welsh Industry.
THK votiicK nuAitn
The decision rendered by the equity
division of the district court In declar
ing unconstitutional the provision of the
charter for cities of the metropolitan
class which vests the appointment of
the members of the Board of I'Ire nnd
Police Commissioners In tin ; governor
will attract attention not only In
Omaha , but In nil parts of the country.
While It affects primarily the control
of two of the most Important depart
ments of our municipal government , It
enunciates principles that go to Hie
bedrock of our entire system of self-
government , i
In reaching the conclusion that n com
mission appointed by the governor con
travenes the letter and spirit of the
Declaration of Independence , the bill
of rights nnd the constitution of Ne
braska , Judge Scott reafllrms the doc
trine of home rule In Us broadest sense.
The position taken by the court Is that
towns nnd cities were organic units of
the state before It had a written con
stitution , and their right to govern
themselves under proper legislative
limitations can not be abridged or de
nied by any act that deprives tiiem of
the choice of local otllcers or Imposes
upon them taxes for the support of mu
nicipal government through state-ap
pointed olllcers. In n nutshell , Judge
Scott holds that If the members of the
Board of Kire and Police Commissioners
are municipal olllcers , to be paid sala
ries out of the city treasury , their
titles must be derived from the people
of the city through their duly elected
olllcers. If they are not municipal olll
cers , but state olllcers , their appoint
ment by the governor Is void because it
not only violates the principle of home
rule , but Is also In conflict with the
constitution Itself. The constitution of
Nebraska prohibits the legislature from
creating any new state olllces and the
appointments of all olllccrs provided for
by the constitution must bo subject to
confirmation by the state senate.
This would seem to be gooil law and
sound reasoning. The voluminous cita
tions in support of the. right of local
self-government can not readily be
brushed nslde. But even If the homo
rule doctrine did not apply to the case ,
the constitutional prohibitions arc not
only in point , but conclusive.
From the political standpoint. Judge
Scott's position Is In accord with .Teller-
sonlan democracy , which opposes all
centralizing tendencies and upholds lo
cal self-government as the safeguard of
popular sovereignty. In snulting out
Governor llolcomb's reform pollce.com.
mission Judge Scott may have smashed
a political machine , but It is Joub'tful
whether even Governor Holcqhib wpuld
take issue with him on the question of
constitutional law and the principle of
President Angell , United States min
ister to Turkey , finds that the job of
collecting the claims of Americans on
account of burned mission buildings In
Asia Minor is not an easy one , and haii
asked his government for instructions
about applying greater pressure lo the
Porte. The pretense of the Turkish
government that the damage was done
by rioters when the government way
doing all lu its power to prevent such
damage will hardly bear investigation ,
for the belief Is general that the riot
ing was Instigated by the agents of the
Turkish government , and that it might
have been prevented easily had the gov
ernment really desired to save life and
property. But there are things easier
said than proved , and Minister Angell
will have to make his case on tlie rec
Congress is to be asked to enact addi
tional legislation to regulate the prac
tice of patent attorneys. The need of
such legislation was emphasized by the
recent disbarment of the firm of Weil-
derburn & Co. for BWlndling operations
after a searching Investigation , reveal
ing systematic Imposture iiml extensive
crooked work. , Credulous Inventors are
entitled to protection from sharks who
prey upon their Ignorance under pre
tense of government sanction , and It
should be made obligatory on the com
missioner of patents to shut the door.- *
against every attorney caught In ques
tionable patent business.
The Interstate Commerce commission
lias once more found a southern railroad
guilty of violating the long and short
haul clause of the interstate law. So
far so good. But when It comes to
putting Its decree into force , the rail
road will point to the last report of tliu
commission In which it declare * Itself
powerless to compel obedience to Its
orders In any case In which thu railroad
11 refers to defy or ignore them.
i A DflnyiMl "War. " '
N w York JInll ami Hxprass ,
As yet tfco terrible war between Secretary
Gase nnil certain western senator * Is confined
entirely to > tlio minds of Imaginative corre
spondents. The hostilities 'haven't ' even
reached the typewriter stage.
M ld < n of Mt > rlt.
The Buffalo Kxpresa says : "A Chicago
court has just sent a'nxn to the peniten
tiary for eighty years fcr bigamy. " Non
sense ; the charge was burgliry. If a Chicago
cage man were to commit eighty years' worth
cf bigamy ho probably would bo sent io con-
Oriental Coiuiit'lltlnii a Myth ,
India's competition was a bugbear which
frightened some tlmlJ Americans fifteen or
twcuty years ago , but nobody thinks of It
low , The Chinese menace will vanish In the
saiuo war. What British enterprise and capi
tal have failed to accomplish In India will
not bo achieved by Germany , Franco and
ItUEflla In China , The Chinese , like the na
tives of England's big Asiatic province , be
long to an Inferior race. In fact , the former
ire lower In the scale of Intelligence than the
latter.Vben a verson of an Inferior race
geU ( lie education and the skill which' would
make him a dangerous rival of the Caucasian
oa a producer be begins to feel the 'needs ami
acquire the habits which make him , like the
white man , a latlett consumer. Kvcn It China
Is opened up 'lu'btvlllxatlwi ' by Kuropo the
United States WllVoot bo forced out of busi
ness. ' .
An AM to Surgery.
The eart ilealh"bf n eminent clergyman
In Now York ' feW months ago , caused a
by the Mlppln ? : t > r a cork Into his larnyx
and then Into bla Jung elves special Blgnlfl-
crnce to the operation performed last week
on a child In Obarlottc , N. C. , for a similar
trouble. The foreign substance , n thlmblo ,
was readily locqiod by means of the Hocnt-
Ken rays and removed by a surgical opera
tion , It WAS aimAfkctl Instance of the value
of I'rof. Kocutgdn's discovery to meillca
science and to human , life ,
1'n- 1 n HT for HIP Union I'nclllc.
Springfield , l lnrx. ) Ucpubllcnn.
The last payment In settlement of the
Union Pacific debt to the government was
concluded Krld-iy. Within leas than two
months $58,000,000 has been passed over to
the government on this account , and with
little or no disturbing effect on the monej
market. Uut this was made possible only
through the employment of depository banks
to receive- the money and thus keep II
largely within the call of the market. Il
the subtrcaaury system of the Rovcirimenl
had been strictly adhered to , such a trans
action could not have been effected without
causing a disastrous squeeze In money.
An lCyi-Oirnrr | for AtiK
Kansas 'City Slnr ,
Bishop Potter of Now York Is not the only
American nho or late has Indulged In public
praise of tbo superiority of the British gov-
Drnmcnt aver our awn , and has held up Groa
Britain as politically considered a land o
iniro delight. Yet In Dublin , It reccat re-
rwrls may be licllovej , election frauds have
been committed and by the govornmcnl
party which wcro > as tad as any ever hescc'
3t In Now York or elsewhere lu this country.
The particular style of fraud perpetrated was
the stuffing of the registration lists \vllh
iogus names find the amount of square pcr-
[ ury Involved was something enormous. Here-
iftcr Bishop Potter and the rest would better
eave off singing "God Save the Queen" ami
: IMIO their notes to "Hall Columbia. "
STAT13 Illiirt' OP iSOLTH DAKOTA.
How the IlondM Have Ilccii IMaovd
nnd for What I'lirpoxi- .
The total debt of the state of South Dakota
consists of coupon and registered bonds In
the sum of $1,011,600 oa follows :
fi per cent Agricultural college bonds. ? 2 , ( ' 03
116 Agricultural COMORO bonds 01,500
Mi Agricultural college bonds r.0.0) )
i Hi'form School bonds IW.COJ
"i Deaf Mute bonds 23,000
i School of mines bonds. , . . 2.1,000
V University bonds Jio.OOO
University bonds 15,000
\/j \ 'Penitentiary ' bonds 11,300
: ' Penitentiary bonds HO.OO )
: Insane Asylum bonds 77,500
IV4 Insane Asylum bands ! KJ.f > 00
Vi JIadIon Normal bonds. . . Xi.EOJ
Soldiers' Homo -lo.COO
Territorial Debt bonds. . . Dj.COO
3V. Terrltorlnl Debt bonds U'l.OOO
' /i Taylor bonds lis.OOO
Total $ l,011flOO
Of thwc , says the Yunkton Gazette , It will
be scc5i ? 99,000 draw 5 per cent , $322,100 draw
1 % per cent. $362MO draw 4 per ccot , cud
; 227,50 draw 3& per cent , the total annual of
nterest charge being $49,375.
Three hundred -and twecty-threc thousand
Ix hundred dollars' of the same Is now paya-
ile at the optional Hie state and there was
Jrnuary 1 ( reported unofficially ) , $157,000 la
ho state treasury applicable to the pay-
nent of bonded IlfiJpDIedsess. The remainder
alls due at Intervals until ( November 1 , 1912 ,
and there Is every rjcaaoa to hope tLat the
entire state debc. wlrl bo wiped out at ma-
urity. " " .
The above discloses a condition of which
every citizen ma'j-'Te-proud. ' ! The entire ma-
hinery of the sbatohas been set up. A full
Ine of state Institutions has been maln-
alned , the state , debt Inherited from the
crritory has beeii protected , ' all without
jurdcnsomo taxation'ami at the end or eight
ears of statehood 'during which a neason
f exceptionally "Hard times has been passed ,
, he state finds th"e'orlglpil debt reduced and
10 now obligations Incurred. South Dakota
s nil'right ; In the management of hDr state
nances as she fsHh iho.other conditions.
1MIOKITS I.V i.MKAT \CICI.VR. .
Development of DresMeil .Heat mill
ICi---.s Clly Star.
The business of t'jo next to the latest
acklng and dresssd meat concern In the
world amounted to $121,000,000 last year , am1
a quarterly dividend of 1 % per ccat has jus
been de3lared on the company's $15,000,001
capital stock. That Is at the rate of G pec
cent a year , and Is equal to net returns ct
$900,000 to the stockholders. The sum look- !
very largo , but it U leas than 1 per cent ol
the company's gross business for the year ,
and therefore Is really a very small proportion
tion of profits. The fact that 1 per cent of
the company's aggregate sales Is sufficient to
pay a reasonable dividend on lt big capital
Illustrates the ( possibilities of small profits on
an Immenr.o volume of business , and explains
why the big concerns can drive the small
ones out of business. A country butcher
could not do business without many times
that percentage of profits , and that Is why
there are so few country butchers left ,
whereas , a few years ago , there was ono or
more In nearly every country town.
It explains , also , why cattle and hogs ore
shipped to the cities for slaughter , and the
meats from them sent back over the same
road to the country towns from which the
stock Is chipped.
The enormous dovelcomcot of tfie dressed
ireat and packing Industries in the control
of a few men Is due almost wholly to the Im
mense saving cf labor and material , resultIng -
Ing from doing1 business on a large scale.
The great packers make such a small net
profit cti each animal slaughtered that they
arc able to overcome the cost of transporta
tion from country to city and hack to the
country and yet do the business cheaper than
the country butcher can do It ,
What Is true of tfoo business of preparing
meats for the use of nrti is true also of every
other great Industry that has been developed
by a few master organizers in this ago of
trusts and combinations.
< < f " ' ' 'I'lirchaxe of the
Union I'm- lie.
Nov.- York TiniCK.
Wo pointed out on Friday that tiio money
with w'lilch the Unlcn Pacific railroad wcs
bought , with Iho exception of about $5,000,000
of European subscrlpUcns to the syndicate ,
wia American capital. It was subscribed and
paid in by members of the reorganization
committee and by bankers and individual
capitalists , chiefly In New York , who tavo
confldeaco In the future of the property. It
was a big tranoictjon , hut It was not Impor.
tent for Its blgneaj so much as for its ex
ample. ' "
What right ravu.wa to complain of Rng-
llsh capitalists who are afraid to Invest their
mcboy In American securities fie long us wo
plainly show tfcaU.vvo.tavo not very muclh
conlldcaco In thonijqurSelvea ? Wo tcok ocoi-
Elon the other day" to demonstrate that the
fact that we- are leaning millions of dollar *
In Europe at from 8 to 4Vj per cent gives
us no cccEslon for boasting. Wo ought to
use all the mono/.wo.can raise at homo and
abroad In American enterprises creative ,
constructive , and productive. The country
Is still now and i'o'de < clopod. Wo ought to
make 8 per cent ont-our own money and bor
row largo fums In-Kunopo at 4 or D per coat
and make 8 per cent ) QIIJ that , too.
Hut Eurtpo will jiot lend us much money
until wo make It perfectly clear that we In
tend to pay It back : dollar for dollar , not In
silver , but In gold. The best pmslblo evl-
dcnco wo can give1 Her of our full Intention
and ability to r/iy dollar for dollar Is the
'fee investment of American capital In Ameri
can enterprises. Tfcat shows that wo have no
lack of confidence , It will Inspire Europe
with confidence. The lending out of Ameri
can money at low rates In London coil Berlin
Inspires Europe with a lack of confidence ,
The investment of more than $50,000,000 of
fresh American capital In the Union Pacific
reorganization Indicates confidence at home.
It proves that confidence exists. Of course It
proves also that-we have a good deal of ( pare
capital , That Inspires sarao financiers with
a deslro to call the United States a creditor
nation that la , a money lending nation. We
ought not to bo a uionoy leading nation that
Is , not yet. Wo can use our money to better
advantage at home If we have the confidence
and ability to develop our.national resources.
I SAI.H OP stxnniiTiusrosTroxun. .
irnnpciirpil Creditor * of the 1'iilim I'a-
clllo vMnlic Intervention ,
NHW YOIIK , Jan. 12. The Intervention of
unsecured cralltorn of tlio Union Pacific at
the last moment has prevented the sale ot
$15,000,000 of accurltlcu set for today. The
sale hos been postponed to January 25 , but
there U a po.islblllty that on account ot tbo
IntorverUIco made today In the United States
court It will not bo taken then.
The securities arc a part of the $5,000,000
Involved In the suit brought by J , P. Morgan
& Co. and others to foroclnso under the col
lateral trust deed Issued by the Union Pacific
company In 1SS1 , and were to bo sold under
Judge L > icombo's authorization to redeem } 3-
1 87,000 outstanding collateral notes.
Some time ago the court signed a decree
giving the Union Pacific Railroad company
five ( My.i to redeem the notes in question.
This was not done , and the trustees , of whom
J. P. Morgan is the special master , were
directed to dispose of the securities at auction
or private silo , whichever they deemed best.
The unsecured creditors filed a motion to
rfiow caueo why the ealo of the securities
should not bo stopped. Argument en the Ap
plication took place yesterday and at Its close
Judge Ij.icombo announced that ho would
meat likely render a decision on the motlcti
next Saturday , which It Is believed will
amend the bill of sale In several Important
Moriinu 'jiuunmis STUPU.VUHHTKU.
Her to IiiNpiiNlhlllt } ' nnd Then
Shoot * Her.
ALGONQUIN , 111. , Jan. 12. Mrs. Chris-
tophcr Wollertt last night confessed that slit1
had killed Louise Wollertt , her 13-year-old
stepdaughter , who was at first thought to
have been murdered by a tramp. Yesterday
morning Mrs. Wollerttvtto lives on a farm
near this place , reported to her neighbors
that a tramp had killed her stepdaughter.
Investigation by the Chicago police later In
the day upset the tramp theory and the
woman was arrested nnd confessed. She
choked the child Into Insensibility with her
apron strings and then fired several shots
from a revolver Into Uio girl's body. The
killing resulted from rt quarrel. The police
feared a lynching and took the woman to
J'UXSIOXS VOll AVUSTKIUN VKTI3HAXS.
Survivors of I.alo War llemcinl > ereil
liy ( lie ( ieiieral ( iiivrrniiii-at.
WASHINGTON , Jan. 12.-Speclal.-Pen- ( )
slons have been Issued as follo.vs :
Issue of December 21. 1S97 :
Nebraska Increase : Isaac Xlon , Stnnton ,
$ G to $8.
Town Original : Charley 13. Adams , Cnr-
roll , $ ; John L. Olasener , Gutbrle Center ,
JS. Original widows , etc. , restoration nnd
reissue : Minors of John Urbaln , Pekay ,
iMontnnn Original , special December 31 :
Jnmes Wilson , Marlinsilalc , $ S.
Colorado Original : David C. Trevett ,
Cheyenne , $ S.
Issue of December 23 :
Iowa-Original : Illelinnl II Warden , Ot-
tuimvn , $ S. Hclssue : Milton H. Itoss ,
Hampton , $17.
Endorse Fusion In .Mltim-Niita.
MINNEAPOLIS , Jan. 12. Fusion of all
silver elements In Minnesota Is officially en
dorsed by the state central committee.
Chairman Messing made the announcement
emphatically at the Jackson banquet early
this morning. William J. Bryan In his
speech concluded nt 2 a. m. , devoted con
siderable tlmu to endorsing the fusion Idea
and Illustrating Its efficacy hy the results In
Nebraska. This Is regarded as a decisive !
blow to the adoption of the Ohio plan In
IMCHHS OF THIS WEST.
ICcntitoUy Semis Creeling to 17 : e
KnvorltcN of I'roNiierlty.
* LoulRvllo ! Courier-Journal.
The mcst casual newspaper readers have
> bserved that the northwest has come most
nto .prominence . In the agricultural revival ,
\'hich ' is turning the great panic Into pros-
icrlty. Wall street was the first to take
cognizance of the changed order of things
vhcn two years ami more ago speculation
jecame so active In the stocks of that group
of rallroa-is known as "Grangers , " and which
now supplant all others In the favor iboth
of Investors and professional operators. The
next to realize what was transpiring were
the merchants and manufacturers , who saw
that the'people of the northwest were be
ginning to have a great deal to spend.
However , they wore still tampered hy the
debts which had Involved them since the
bursting of the great real cstato speculation ,
and though there were very distant evidences
of revival In 1S9C the real movement did not
begin until In 1S97 , when it became certain
that it was to be a good crop year. Then
t'ho ' change for the better was marvelous.
Speculation and Investment advanced the
value of railway stocks 25 to 50 per cent In
the "Grangers , " and the Increase In bank
clearings became enormous. Deposits began
to grow with marvelous rapidity , and with
the wheat harvest and the high
prices that followed farmers found
themselves comparatively rich. Even
despised Kanijas , the vagarlea < ci whose poli
ticians bad made It the laughing stock of
the nation and which was looked , upon as
bankrupt , sprang Into a position of case and
afllucnce which made It possible to discharge
a great proportion of Its mortgages and heap
up millions of money In its country .banks. .
The value of the Kansas wheat crop wca over
$50.000,000 , but the corn crop was worth
vastly more , though there was no such re
vival lu Its price. Hogs and cattle were In
equal abuadaaco , and the supplies were so
enormous that the whole state was soon In
commercial activity. Tfio experience of Kan.
saa was duplicated In Nebraska , and tlirao
two crates , of whose future the unthinking
remainder of the country had despaired , socn
led every other In point of business revival.
It was the same though In a less degree
with the three states that now cocstltuto
the heart of the new northwest the two
Dakotas and Minnesota , According to care
ful estimates , the market value of crops
harvested on their ample pralrlos last year
woj $105,000,000 for Minnesota , $00,000,000
for North Dakota and $40,000,000 for South
Dakota. The grand total of $203.000,000 for
their wheat , their corn and their potatoca
alone means an average of $900 for each
farmer In these states , to Bay nothing of
their returns from hogs , cattle , ahoep , butter ,
milk , eggs , etc , The gold p'roductlon'of the
niack Hills mines of South Dakota wail
$7,000,000 last year.
The mining slates , which. Senator Teller
proclaimed , would bo hopelessly bankrupt
ivhon the government qult'l'tylng thole silver ,
liave done as well. Colorado led with a total
of $92,000,000 from her underground treasury
In addition to the value of her wheat and
other farm products. Montana surpassed
Colorado on account of her immense copper
output , besides which vast sums came from
lier great heeds of cattle and sheep , Idaho ,
Oregon nnd Wat'.ilngton Increased their agri
cultural products and also the yield of their
When wo contoirplato such facts as thcso
wo eeo how the west , which suffered the most
end the longest from the panic , Is the first
: o show complete revival. At present the
tldo of prosperity Is beginning to run high ,
but there Is no Indication that It IB yet at the
101x1 in tnc great agricultural ami mining soc-
.lon. Tiio northwest has richer agricultural
ands than any other sectlcci of the union
oven than Illinois or Iowa. The fertility of
Dakota farms Is marvelous , but It can bo
understood by any one who sees the Inky
blackness of the freshly furrowed soil. Thcso
lorthwostern states have another advantage
n that singular natural law which makes
cultivated placts reach the perfection of food
tualltles only nearer the northernmost llmltn
of their growth , This 1s why. the finest wheat
s grown In the Dakotas and Minnesota ; the
) &U potatoes , melons , strawberries and other
lelil c < nd garden products. The short seasons
give them barely time to mature , but dm
levfectlon of their ulzo and flavor Is astonlsh-
ng.The opening up of Jcian anil China Is
lound to Increase the commercial In'portanco
of the northwest by affording now markets
for its grain and Us manufactures. U be
came known only a few months ago that
lapan was taking largely our wheat and
lour , and an order has come for 500,000 bar
rels of flour from Hong Kong. As tbo ncrth-
wcst Is so much nearer Asia than any other
; rcat agricultural reglcn It would seem that
ho substitution of wheat for rtce , which
nust come with the development of China
and Japan , solves the future of Its grain
grower * .
The west and northwest are now leading
every other part of the United States In real
irosperlty , end there Is no ono to erudite
hem their good fortuce.
JIIIYAMSMS AM ) ST. JAUKSOX.
llrlllllliiK IIIn Own Country.
ChlMEO TlmfK-llcralil ( rep. )
And yet In > the f co of unlmpp.ichAulo
statistics Mr. Hryan has the effrontery to
stand before nn American audience and de
clare that times have grown worse Instead
of better. What sort of n man Is It who can
thtki bcllttlo the achievements of his own
countrymen ? Has he gone Mind , deaf and
A Iilidlcroiift Colrhrallon.
rhllndclphU Times ( item. )
Dut even more ludicrous than the omlnslon
to celebrate the 8th of January In Phila
delphia was the celebration of It In Chicago ,
with William J. Dryan and men of his
political stripe making speeches laudatory
of Jackson , who would have hung n re-
piHllatlonlst almost n.i quickly as he would
have hung a secessionist -when South
Carolina Attempted to nullify the laws of the
A Cheap llnltilozer.
Knnsna Oily Joiirnnl ( rep. )
Ever slnco Mr. William J. Ilryan first became -
came n conspicuous political figure lie has
rhownA marked Incapacity for discussing ,
In a broad and logical way , great public
questions. Through this Incapacity , or , what
la worse , a deliberate purpose to deceive
rather than Instruct , ho IMS chosen excep
tional or Isolated phases of prevailing con
ditions and dwelt upon them with his
barbecue eloquence without analyzing their
relations to the 'whole ntobtcms , or series of
I.roblel.la. In this rcspeet ho has followcv.l
the example ot the cheap ward bulldozer who
presumes upon the Ignorance of his audience
and relies upon his powers of misrepresenta
tion to make Ills words convincing ,
Poiioerney nnd ( > ri > onhai < UN.
ChlcflRn Tribune ( rep. )
Dryan alleged In his Saturday night cpccch
that the C.BOO.OOO men who voted for him In
1S9G voted against the retirement of the
greenbacks. Not at All. This retirement
was not ono of the ktsuos ot the campaign.
Whit the Dryanltcs voted for Incidentally
wna the redemption of the greenbacks If
redeemed at all In cheap silver dollars. In
stead of gold dollars. The $340,000,000 of
greenbacks being redeemed In gold are worth
$346.000.000. If redeemed In Dryanlte doll.ua
they would bo worth only $138,500,000. Slnco
the nryanltcs want to deprive the green
backs of at least 'throe-fifths ot their value ,
it Is evident they cannot Ji.ivo much real
love for that currency. The less Hryan haste
to say about Ma affection for the greenbacks
Iteftileit. hy History.
St. l.DUls Cllolin-DniTiocrat.
"Secrcary Gage knows that the gold
standard was adopted In the United States
without any party ever asking for It. " This
Is one of Uryan's assertions In his Chicago
address. Let us show how history demolishes
his statement. In a spocch In the senate In
favor of the bill which became the gold re
storation act of 1834 , a well-known states
man declared that the object of that measure
was "to enable the friends of gold to go to
work at the right place to effect the recov
ery of that precious metal which their
fathers once possessed , which the subjects
of European kings now possess , which .the .
citizens of the young republics now possess ,
but 'which ' the yeomanry of this America
have been deprived of for more than twenty
years , and 'will bo deprived of forever un
less they discover the cause of the evil , and
apply the Temedy to Its root. " The author
of these worJs was an abler and hotter demo
crat than iDryan , and was the leader of
Jackson's forces In the senate. His name
was Thomas II. Bentoil.
Mexican l.nlior and Silver.
Mr. Bryan docs not claim that the wages
of common laborers are higher In Mexico
than In the United States , but he says the
working people are more prosperous because
they can live cheaper. This hardly bears out
the contention that the 'Ilryan ' silver plan
would give us an era of 'rising prices.
Mexico has had an 'exclusive silver and paper
currency for many years , and yet cMr. Uryan
tells us that clothing and food arc cheaper
there than In the United States under the
goll standard. How Is this ? Cheap clothIng -
Ing and food Is of course good for the con
sumer , 'but Is It good for the farmer and
manufacturer ? The doctrine 'taught us by
the .silver orators In the last campaign was
that free silver would give us an era of
rising prices , better wages fcr the work
man , better prices for the farmer and manu
facturer , and that thus all would bo able lo
live more comfortably. 'lint ' now iMr. Ilryan
cnmcs back from 'Mexico with .the . message
that the 'Mexican ' laborer Is prosperous
because prices are lower there with a silver
currency and ho can live more cheaply. Is
this consistent ?
Calamity IN HIM IlllxlneHH.
Minneapolis Journal ( rep. )
Mr. Bryan \a \ still gloating over the trouble
In the Fall River mills and finding In that
Isolated Incident the evidence that prosperity
has not come rod la 'not coming. Ho evi
dently doesn't want U to come. If It did his
occupation as a calamity howler and his
hopes of the White House would be gone.
So he sticks to I'-ill Itlvcr business , where ,
as every ono knows , the trouble Is the re
sult of local and not general coadltlcan , the
New England mills being at a disadvantage
In competition with southern mills becauoo
of location he sticks to tbit comparatively
Insignificant affair and refuses to admit that
money Is cheap and ea y for any ono to get
who has security to give ; that hundreds of
thousands of men have been put at work by
the 'opening of the mills slnco ho was do-
fcatod , that business men are Jubilant over
Increased trade and bright prcepecta for the
futuro. Hut you mustn't blame Bryan.
Bryan's business Is politics. The- fellow who
Is to ibe blamed Is the ono who , with the
facts of the sltiy.tlon bcforo him , will alkjw
himself to be humbugged by the plausible
gentleman from the Platte who Is making
a desperate but losing struggle to keep him.
self and the old Issue to which he L ) com
mitted before the public.
Ilryna'H ' .Sloek la Trade. |
Chicago Journal ( rep. )
The colamltyj wall Is still part of Mr.
Bryan's stock In trade. Ho points to the1
ilecllno of the cotton-Bpinnlng Industry In
Now England and the consequent lowering
of tbo wages of the operatives as evidence
of his pet theory that the country Is going
to the dogs , but ho carefully avoids mention
of the rise ot the cotton-spinning Industry
In the southern states , whcro $80,000,000 ol
capital Is now Invested nnrt t-ousands of
people arc beglnnlpg to produce wealth and
earn 'wages at an employment formerly pe
culiar to New England.
Nor ot the distinct 'betterment ' of business
and of Industrial conditions during Iho last
year , of whloh 'there la ample evidence In
trade reviews and clearing house 'reports ,
does Mr. 'Bryan ' make mention. For example ,
ho omits to state anywhcro In lil.i speech
that the total number of failures In 1S97 was
only 13,351 , against 15.0SS for 1S9G ; that the
average liabilities of the falloj firms wax
only $11,559 for 1897 , against $14,992 for 189G ;
that the total liabilities of failed firms In
1897 amounted only to $154,332,071 , against
$226,09i > .83 ! in 189G ; and that In 'total amount
of liabilities the failures In 1S97 have been
less than In any year slnco 1892.
Mr , 'Bryan ' nays nothing of thcso things ,
Calamity Is the meat and drink on which
ho must feed his followers , and these things
are not calamitous ,
Independent Dem or rain.
Kl. I'aul aiube ( ilem. )
It Is this class among democratn to whom
Mr. Brjan referred when ho spoke of thcao
who had made democratic victories In 1S97
possible. Thcso ho terms "political 'prodi
gals , " grown iwcary of feeding on husks.
Their reception has depended upon the spirit
In which they came back. If milllclcntly
contrite , "acknowledging the 'binding ' force
of the Chicago platform and willing to work
harmoniously eldo by sldo with the brethren
who went not astray , " they have been fed
with fatte'l calves. If not , If they have
"swaggered" 'back ' unrepentant , neither fat
calf nor banquet has been given them. It
In ono of the Idiosyncrasies of the Independ
ent voter that lie Is quite Indifferent to the
reception accorded him , IIlo Is an unrepent
ant fellow because hn has nothing of which
to repent. Ho "belongs" to nu party , but
regards all parties an belonging to him ;
nicro Implements with which ho would ac
complish or tlrfeat something , and ho uses
them as ho would any other Implement for
some other end. Ho has vury clear Ideas
of what la and what Is not for the common
goo < ] , and ho uses any party that ho thinks
will best pramotu that. 'Ho ' never "comes
'back ' , " never Is "rouentant , " never wauti
nnr fatter calf or hannuot , li ncvor * flroJN
KM. It will bo wtso If the party which a < S
cept.i Mr. Hrynn as ltd leader recognize tlilf
peculiarity of that very obstinate nnd opln
lonatcd fellow , the Independent voter.
I'lOIlSO.VU. sAXM OTIUCIlWISi : .
It U now thought that the late Washing
ton IlrfiltiR ot Chicago left no will , oa nona
has thus far been discovered.
iAt Ilnrtlaiul , Vt. , n cat discovered n chim
ney flro am ) uwakenod her nvistcr acid mil *
tress by mewing at tholr bedside. >
It cost u man $25 , plus the lepil cost ot
prosecution , to throw a polecat through a
neighbor's window nt Wutorbury , Vt.
Kx-Unlted States uMlnlstcr llatmU Taylor
ot ' .Mjbllo Ala. , hns received the honorary
deprco of LL.U. from 1\ilano university ,
New Orleans , L\\ .
N'oboily has made the claim yet that dollar
lar whrat this yoir la duo to the flno quality
of seed suit to their cuiutltucnta by wool-
The semi-annual dividends payable hy
Hertford corporations this month aggrrgata
$1,417,150 , the flro lostiranco companies payIng -
Ing nearly one-halt the amount.
An unsuspected number of Ohio legislators
still obey their mo'iicrs. ' The band that
rocks the cradle serins lo rule that portion
ot the world rather longer than most others.
Justice Horuco dray ot Hie United St'ilni
supreme court will bo privileged lo rotlro
next March , when ho will reach the age ot
70 , but us ho is vigorous In health ho will
probably continue in actlco service.
On > ittirday morning a burglar was caught
In a store at Warsaw , I d. , ccid by 030 ; the
same morning ho had been tried 'and am-
tonccil to state'i * prison. Now , why cannot
that sort of Justice bo had every time.
A Crnadlan traveler who bis spent > i couple
plo of years In the far northwest , part of tiio
time along the Peace river , eiys there are
In that country at least four he rib of wild
buffalo , numbering altogether not less than
Ex-VIco President Stevenson has accepted
the Invatlon to deliver the principal address
upon the occasion of the unvcll'ag at Char
lotte , N. C. , on the 20th of May next , of the
monument to the nlgnors ot the Mecklen
burg declaration of Independence. '
Mr , Hobert Harr , the well known novcltat ,
who was recently arrested cad Imprisoned
by Turkish olllclals. Is now In London Buf
fering from a severe attack of malar'-il fever
which he contracted during his march as a
prisoner across the Syrian swamps.
In 1S2 cot on mills In North Carolhia there
are 1,023,132 spindles and 23,331 looms. South
Carolina In ubtuil , containing In eighty-one
cotton mills 1,272,301 spindles end 3C.SH5
looms. These two states iead ki the number
of cnlndlra and looms ot any of Ihe soutiiern
Senator Daniel will he the orator at the
coming celebratlcn of General Lee's birth
day In Atlanta on February 13. Senator
Daniel accepted the Invitation on HID condi
tion that an admlajlon fee would bo charged
end the proceeds given to the Confederate
The design ot Mr. William A. Oault ot
Baltimore has been accepted for the monument
ment to the signers of the Mecklenburg dee.
laratlon of Independence , and It will be set
up at Charlotte , N. C. , ccid dedicated May
20 , 1S9S. The monument Is to bo of granite ,
"tall , stately , and symmetrical , " with a
needle-pointed monolith mounted on an Inspiring -
spiring base. The height of the whole Is to
bo thlrty-niie feet ; the cost , $6,000.
Indianapolis Journal : "Why Is II , " 'asked
the cornfed philosopher , without the hope
of an answer , "why Is It that the mrmll-
bor > politician Is such a great bore othur- I
Chicago Hccord : "Somebody Is Irylngto
prove that society is responsible for mur
"Well , that's wrong ; society Is made up
of people who want to kill ono another and
never do. "
Philadelphia North American : "Extraor
dinary lire sale , " read the Advertisement.
"Customers nre Invited to call nnd examlno
goods , which will be found still warm. "
Puck : She Ho does not sccni to be a
brilliant conversationalist. '
ille No ; unfortunately , ho can't talk on
any subject unless he knows something
Boston Transcript : "Thcro Is ono thins
I like nbout volcanoes , " remarked the qulot
man ; "when they smoke they don't tiso
Sotnervllls Journal : Hicks Did you ever
live In a university town ?
Hicks 'Then you realize what a dlfferenco
there Is between a full professor nnd u full
Journal "He' sslf-
Detroit : iv thoroughly -
inndo man , and he ascribes his aucccss to
having been taught modeling la cluy whuil
lie went to school. "
'Ho ' must be a brick. "
Philadelphia Hullotln : "They say 'ona
swallow doesn't make a summer , ' " said
Slppler , as lie drained his Klns.i nt a gulp.
"That's rlRht , too , " replied Tippler , who
spoke from experience , "but I can prove
that It takes precious few of. them to maka
a fall. "
Chicago Post : They were catechising1 the
"Why Is it that you walk In your sleep ? "
"Hecauao I can't ride , " ho replied.
They held ( hat the answer WUB ftiH ant }
complete , and let It go at that. I
THE LADY AND TUB HOUP.EU.
"Your money or your life ! " he cried ,
"My quest there is no stopping.
You're richly clad , mid well I know
That you uro golngi shopping. "
She handed him her purse. Ho found - ,
Car tickets , but not nmiiy ;
floino dry goods Bamples , chewing gum ,
A hulrpln and a penny.
- - -
. . . .
Protect mo , Lord , from these Thy ualntfl ,
the sanctimonious few ;
Oh , suvo me from their clutches when my
mortgaged come duo.
Oh , put mu not into the hands of these , the
men of woe ,
Who call this earth a "valo of tears" and
Htrlvo lo make It HO.
Oh , guard nie from the blue-nosed good who
lend at ccnf l > er cent ,
And tiiko a thousand-dollar lien for ninety
Make mo. Instead , the debtor of Homo man
with human taints ;
At any rate protect me. Lord , from these ,
Thy modern saints !
Their thoughts ure far from mortal life ,
they never , never eln ;
They strive to brliiff to righteousness the
very men they skin ;
They never KO a Htep astray ; they never
deign to Hinllo ;
They sin not , and they only aim to castl-
gate the vile ,
Dut , oh ! why should limy count It best
with cold nnd lioly arts
To rivet wheel-Iron Hhlolds around tholr hard
and stony heartH ?
Tholr oar.H are deaf enough , God wet , to
pleadlngH nnd complaint * ) .
And so I pray protect me , Lord , from these ,
Thy modern saints !
Oh , save mo from the sanctified , the too
uncommon good ,
Who tell us what wo shouldn't do anil
preach us what wo Hhotild ;
These MilntH who squeeze a dollar twice and
wear cheap aureoles
Will take our children's broad and then
attempt to save our souls !
Qlvo me , Instead , a worldly man , with Homo
few liaullliy Htalns ,
That show ho has lliu common blood of
mankind In hla veins.
And heart that xwellx enough HDinetlmes to
overthrow ( -onatralntB ,
Hut , In my need , protect me , Lord , from
Hfir-uppoliUcd tmlnU !
nSea ° ttaaf wfffff
ing power ami
purity has yef to