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Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, February 27, 1898, Part I, Image 1

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THE OMAHA SUNDAY BEE.
ESTABLLSILED JUNE 10 , 1871. OMAHA , SUNDAY MORNING- , FEBRUARY 27 , 1 SOS-TWENTY PAGES. SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS.
THAT CHINESE LOAN
Bonn Burpriaj Oansodby England Dotting
Half of It
CZAR'S BULLDOZING TACTICS DO NOT WIN
Rmsia Trius to Oompol China to Favor
Germany ,
ENGLAND GETS A QUIET TIP FROM PEKIN
Ealhbnry Then Triea Hia Hand at the
Negotiations ,
PUTS UP A BIG BLUFF AND IT GDES
Cllnilm Down nnil the
Amount IK Kiillllllj DUIileil III
11 IT n l.oiuliiii nnil llerlln
llnitkliiK HOIIHCH.
t , U9S by T'rciw Puhlltlilnp Company )
LONDON , Feb. 2C. . ( New York World CM-
Wegram Special Tele-gram ) That German
capltsl should have submitted to England
taking $8,000,000 of the $16,000,000 of the new
Chinese loan came aa complete hiirprlsu
to the governments of both countries. Lord
Salisbury had from the beginning of the
present lean negotiations sought to cncour-
ngo English bankers to advance the money
required by China , going even so far us to
offer asiumnccB that the British government
mould be rcpponn'lilc for the fulfillment of
nny promUes made In connection with the
loan by China. This would have been all
that WBB necessary had not the news of this
negotiation been betrayed' ' to a London paper ,
and thus to the Russian foreign office. At
' commenced to
once the crnr's representative
liully the weak Chinese government , declar
ing thnt If China dared to accept an English
loan guaranteed by thai government , llus-3'a
would henceforth bo to China an enemy nt
her gates. This made the tsung 11 > amcn
tremble , and long cipher dispatches ticked
Into the Chlncpo embassy nt London , Haying
In substance that though China sorolv noetic 1
the money , yet such wio her dread ot Rus
sia that nhe could not accept the offered
money unless England at the same time
offered to shield her In case of Russian ag
gression.
ADVICD ON THE SIDE.
The Chinese ambassador In London has no
discretion allowed him by his government ;
In fact , China regards nil her diplomatic
ngcnt as useful only Irpofar as they hand
In the- respective foreign office letters sent
to them from Pekln. In this case the Chi
nese ambassador was empowered to eay to
Lord Salisbury :
J'Dcar .Mandarin Salisbury : I cannot take
your money because the Russians are bully
ing my emperor. Let mo whisper this In
your ear. Do jou , too , go and bully my
emperor ; then my emperor will say to RUB-
Bla that he must make the loan In England
because John Hull Is so strong. "
At this point , however , SalUbuiy shrank
back from the eamo ganeroua motives that
made O'adat-'ne hind back the Transvaal to
the Doeis He declined to compeio with
Russia In any ouch manner and Insisted that
the position of England and China must re
main based uocti moan prestige and not upon
bribery by violence.
Meanwhile , however , what the govcrntnenls
and their diplomatic agents had failed IP.
doing wa being quietly accomplished by
private enterprises In ( lie shape ot the lloug
Kong and Shanginl bank , which In China
count amta respect like the Hank of England
The ) tnlled In the soivlcca of thu man of
nil others most familiar with the Internal
economy of the county , and he It was who
dlrcovcred that there were other BOUTCM of
revenue he-sides the maritime customs that
could bo made piollluble In the- way of
guarantee for the sixteen millions. This
gentleman I am not at liberty to designate
meteclrcclv at piCBcnt , but ho will soon ap
pear buforn the public as a public benefactor.
GERMANY ACQUIESCES
When all the details were ariangpd between
this English bank and the Chinese govern
ment so that RtiBsla could have no excuse
tot Interfering openly , then and not till then
was a cnblrgiam s-ent to the Dcutsch Ontasl-
ntlscho bank offering IU Gerunn colleague
tlio option of taking one-half their answer
to bo " $ m" or " io" wl'hlu twentfouc
hours. This was not dona for fear there
should not be inonnv enough In England , but
from an understamV'ug ' between theno tvvc
corporations dating back to the tlmo of a
previous lean floated Jointly , at which time
It wps agreed that henceforth each should
help the other In this m.umer.
Whim the pab'o offer reached Herlln , a spe
cial L.ih'iu't meeting was Immediately held
and thru and there It was decided to accept ,
that IH to Hjy. the Get man part of the loan
has been made with the consent and pre-
BUinnbly with thu encouragement of the
kaiser's tovprnme'iit ,
How far England hat ) committed hprsolf lu
the matter dors not jet appear , but my
private opinion IB that whatever cautious
ness Lord Sal ) > buiy may have shown , and he
Is a cautious man , English public sentiment
will never allow that the German govern-
input should be able to furnish bettor
guaranties In the far east than that of the
quern.
RUSSIANS SINT : TO J\IL.
Last week two Hiifulan subjects weio sen
tenced to English prisons for having pub
lished a pica for the killing of the czar.
Far bo It from mo to advocate murder In the
abs'ract ' , but I have known several Nlhlllnts
in my life and I have usually found that
they compared favorably with those who pro-
mi mo to sit In judgment upon them.
In 1S52 , when Europe In general was being
ruled much as Russia Is today , the great
Italian patriot , Mazzlnl , wrote these lines t
the German revolutionary exile , Huge ;
"Against this unexampled universal display
of brutal force there ls only one appeal left
the appeal to rational force against savage
violence , the sword In ono hand , the gospel
of liberty In the other. " Mazzlnl wrote In
England and all the world honors him for
saving that which today has sent two Rus
' V sian patriots to jail
Last week I saw Carl Peters on the street
looking ten > ears older than before his
trial. He gave his country an African em
pire and a few months ago was the pet ot
German court society. Ho arsurcd inn that
be was the victim of a conspiracy organized
lu the colonial department ,
British reverses In India and South Africa
have not freshened too laurels of the reg
ulars , least of nil has It a Wed to tbo credit
of generalship or war office management ,
Now , however. West Africa Is to be man-
seed In matters military by Colonel Lugard ,
goes out At the licad of force * mainly
of his own selection and on a mission of the
highest Importance to European commerce
and the white man's prestige. We should
have some ono In the wake of his expedition
to report upon the opportunities offered for
American trade , especially regarding new
openings for agricultural Implements , canned
provisions and Yankee notions generally.
LITTLB DANGER OF WAR.
I do not believe In a war between France
and England at thla time. England has
Oono so much backing down latterly and has
so many discouraging wars on hand that
Franco thinks It a good time to play a game
of bluff. But for my personal confidence In
Colonel Lugard I should have misgivings
about the coming campaign on the Nljcr.
Thu French know well that Lugard Is sent
to fight and that he known how. Besides ,
the DrejfiiB case has ended in victory for
the government and Parts wants her coming
exposition to be a success , so why tall ; ot
war ?
Americans arc the chief sufferers by the
recent Transvaal law compelling all mining
engine-era to pass examinations In this I
trace the finger of the Germans and Hol
landers , who can pass examinations to any
extent , yet would not bo trusted with a
tionkey engine. When I was In Johannes
burg nine-tenths of the mines were man
aged by Americans because they knew their
business , although under the new regulation
they will be ousted.
Judge Kotzc has taken a bold stand In the
Transvaal , defying President Kruger and his
medieval government at a moment when the
elections appear to make inch defiance most
darhig. Shortly after the Jameson raid I
had several talks with the chief justice and
ho then clearly foretold th'e mischief that
must ensue If the executive were allowed
to dominate the Judicial branch of the gov
ernment. Judge Kot/e warmly appreciates
the supreme court feature of the American
constitution and he does his duty as n
patriot in sacrificing official emoluments to
the preservation of constitutional safeguards.
Our admiration for Krugcr as a "gra-.id old
cowboy1' and patriarch must not blind us
to the fact that he represents a rotten sys
tem of administration akin to vhat prevailed
in Texas when the Lone Star claimed admis
sion to the American union.
BLACKS ARE ORGANIZING.
The African blacks art- organizing their
people at home and also In the West Indies
and North America. At least this was told
mo by a London philanthropist who Is a
leading spirit In the Aborigines Protection
fccciety , which spends much time and money
In assisting native races to secure their
lights Last week on enthusiastic meeting
ot Africans and white philanthropists was
held lu London , of which the future of this
meeting was foreseen so clearly that one
speaker , a ncgio , declared that now that
Europe was degenerating eo rapidly it
could bo but a matter of time whew from
Darkest Africa would come the Christianity
and civlllzatlton that would be then required
In order to prevent the white race from
sinking out of sight. I had a talk with the
leading African In this movement , but
could gather nothing more practical < han
that U was an excellent scheme for giving
sentimental humanitarians an easy ineanD
of spending their surplus money. It will at
least provide work for several young bUicks
who will Jrnw pay as fecretarlcs , mission
aries and the likes
CAMPAIGN 0'F ' EXCLUSION.
The German government organs , more par
ticularly the so-called agrarians , blindly
carry on a campaign of exclusion against
Importations of all kinds fro.n America ,
notablv food. The government experts pc- )
tcnd to have proved that American fruit U
a menace to the fatherland , but experts not
In government pay ridicule the tactics of
the government c" a mere cloik for a pro
tectionist measure For Instance , Paul
Snrnncr , an authority , has just concluded a
scries of three serious articles , In which he
derronatrates that whatever tl.e German
government maj prove against the I'an Jose
Insect may with at least equal force be
adduced against Insects of European , It not
Gorman , origin which have been a serious
Injury to American fruit. The expert re-
pott concludes by advising Germans to de
sist from futile attempts to stamp out this
vermin at the custom house , and Instead to
follow the excellent example set by Amvrlca ,
namely , to study the subject at experimental
stations and then tilstrlbuto the Information
among the people Interested , that the mis
chief may in time abate , If not cntliely dis
appear. I fear , however , that these who are
making the present crusade against Amor-
lean products are animated less by thirst
for scientific knowledge than by the < leslro
for protection at the expense of the people.
POULTNEY HIGBLOW.
ASS VSSIV FAILS OP HIS AMI.
I'liNiieeeHNfiil Uliileninr on life of
Ivlni ; (
ATHENS , Feb. 20 An unsuccessful at
tempt was made today to assassinate King
George of Greece
The king wis returning horn Ifjalerum at
! > o'clock In the nvenlng In a landau , accom
panied by the Princess Maria , when two
men , who wcro hidden In a ditch alongside
the road , opened fire with guna upon the
occupants of the carriage. The first shot
misled , but the second wounded a footman
In the arm. Thu coachman whipped up his
horses and the roval party daffic.1 away nt
a gallop. The miscreants fired seven more
allots after them , tuna of which took effect ,
and thn king and the princess returned to thu
palace unhurt.
The king statea that ono of the asflasalms
wan dreesed In gray clothes , and his majesty
declares that he could easllv Identify him
When the second tnot whizzed past the
carriage the king rcso and stood In treat
of his daughter In order to chlcld her. Ono
of the horses was slightly wounded.
Ono of the aebollants knelt In the middle
of the road and aimed straight at the king ,
who noticed that the man's hind was rhaK-
Ing , The Uiot ml&sed and the king had a
clear view of this man , who , his majesty
saya , was barely 0 years old , Ho continued
to fire after the carriage ) until It was out
of range. His companion did not leave the
ditch.
Aa soon as the news became known all
the leading politicians hastened to the palace
to cxprecs their congratulations over the
csipe ot King George and Prlncees Maria.
The action of tils majesty In shielding the
prlnceba at the risk ot his own life' has
aroused great enthusiasm.
SIOII IT \MVMU DUUIMKS UOIIIC
Aiitliiirltlm I'riiiuUo Ilollcf it nil Molt
SALAMANCA , Spain , Feb. 26 , A crowd of
ab3ut 3,000 workmen , accompanied by groups
of women carry Ing flags , paraded the streetn
today shouting for work and bread. Many
houses were stoned and the railroad station
vva t'tormed and considerable wheat was
stolen , Thc > authorities promised to And
work for the unemployed , end as this dis
patch was icnt thcx were restoring order.
SYMPATHY FOR ZOLA
Eminent Literary Men Talk of Their
Brother Author ,
APPLAUD HIM FOR HIS MANLY COURSE
Regret that He Was Not Qivan a Fair ,
Open Tr'al ,
SHAKES FOUNDATIONS CF THE REPUBLIC
Saddest Blow Evar Inflicted on Justice
in France.
MILITARY DE PJTISM RULES THZ PEOPLE
\Vlllliini T. Stnul ThlnUN ImiirlMOii-
iiii-lit Will Kimlilf.oln to MnKc
HIM Next IliioU the Itfvt
He MIIHViltteli. .
( Cop > rlKht , US' , by l'rc ii I'ubllflilngCompany )
LONDON , Feb. 26 ( New York World Ca
blegram Special Telegram. ) I have been
favored by some ot England's incot rcpro-
scntutlvo author. ' with their vlovvs on Zola's
action and sentence , especially as they bear
on the question of the Interposlt'on ' of men
ef letters In affairs of state. They fol ow
"I honor Zo'a and I think that every lit
erary man ought to honor him for the manly ,
patriotic courage which he has shown In his
recent action. I have no meins of forming
any opinion as to the giiilt or Inccencc of
Drcjfus , but I know that Zoia only de
manded a fair , open trial for an accused man ,
In t'cflance ol nil the clamor of perverted
public opinion. I honor the great writer
who comes out from the quietude of his
study to stand up at any risk for a great
public principle. The sentence of the Paris
court has sent him to a prison. The whole
literary world Indeed the whole civilize !
world decrees to him the palm of victory
In his prison. JUSTIN M'CAKTIIY. "
"I regard the action of Zola with acdont
admiration and cerpcct and deplete the sen
tence pronounced as the caddebt blow ever
suffered by justice In Fiance.
"EDWIN ARNOLD. "
rnAiis FOR FRANCE.
"For love of Fiacce , whose guest I am , I
deeply regret the sentence of ZoM. I hope
that this great , chivalrous natlca will jet
leant that her best national defense Is to oee
that the vety foundation of Justice and cltl-
punttilp are not sapncd In her midst. I am
ready to Join any cxprcsilon of sjmpathy
with Zo'a. Whj nliould not Kapllsh cud
American mtei of Icttcra lave the honor of
defraying some , at leant , of the expenses of
his trial ? I will gladly subscribe to my ut-
mcst ability. HKNRY ARTHUR JONGS "
"Zola's action springs manifestly from deep
feeling and Inncst conviction and every lover
of the frank aod open administration of
Justice must sjmpathlzc with him dceplj
Hut the Intel position In public affairs of men
of letters or of artl Is of en > order Is not to
be advocated. As a rule they do best to light
only with the proper weapons of their craft.
"ARTHUR W. PINERO "
"My opinion Is very simple. It is that
Zola did well to srcak up for the man who
Is now proved bejond question to have been
tried and condemned in n manner which , ac
cording to nngllsh or American Ideas of
Justice , was Illegal. How far the Trench
regard the trill as illegal Isa different mat
ter. The Innocence cf Dre > fus haa not bean
established ; only the injustice of his trial
Let UB remember tint for men of letters test
st p forward and speak out manfu'.ly In the
cause of Justice Is to fulfill the hignest func
tion o' their calling. Let us remember Lowell
In the CD's ; IJjron In Greece ; Southty In the
French revolution and many other Instances
AH for the sentence , I think It Is Ir.iquUous.
If Zola has committed a breach of livv the
manner , motive and character of the man
should have been remembered and taken Into
account. If these opinions of an humble
man of letters who Is no polltlclsn are C'f '
least consequence you urc welcome to them.
"WALTDR BKSANT. "
DESISRVINO OF CONGRATULATION.
"Zola deserves our congratulation Eng
land our condolences and , the French repub
lic our silence. 'De mortuus n'l ' nisi bonum'
and the French republic has virtually per
ished. The trial , conviction cod sentence * rf
Zola prove that Franco Is no longer under
the regime of law. She Is subject to mili
tary despotism , masked by republican fouc
This revelation Is a source of uneasiness to
her neighbors , especially England. The
military Junta knows too well the Impossi
bility of attacking Germany before the
French army Is furnished with quick-firing
guns. If , therefore , thej have to create a
diversion they will bo surely tempted to
try It on at the expense of England In West
Africa. The situation U dangerous and any
moment might become alarming. u\a for
Zola , the world will bo the gainer by his
Incarceration , having mvsolf enjoyed the
privilege of Imprisonment under conditions
which permit study I congratulate Zola
and lib millions of Tenders over a period of
enforced seclusion which will enable him
to make his next Look thu best ho l.us over
written. W. T. STEAD"
"With sympathy for Zola , I hold that
our present course should be to wait.
"GEORGEMnRUDITII. . "
iuiuvis : ins C.YIJM : is JUST.
/.oil ! ThluKx. I'm HIM- Will Vet Srcnnil
llrpi'iit ItH Krriir.
( CVipyrlslit , U9S , by 1'repu I'ulillslilnR Company )
PARIS , Fob , 20 , ( Now York World Ca-
blcgram Special Telegram , ) The stone
which the builders rejected becomes the
chief cornerstone of that edifice. Zola
jeered at , spurned at , hated , Insulted , de
spised. Is the man who In solitary greatness
redeems France In the eyes of her foreign
well-wishers. Today France Is seized with
a fit of her old distemper love of militarism ,
complicated by the cruel , debasing passion
of anti-Semitism. When I saw Zola In his
Parla residence today , bo was calm and sub
dued , but of unabated courage In the des
perate struggle on which ho baa risked
everything ,
"If I consulted my own Interest , " ho said ,
"I bt-g you to allow mo to say nothing , as
I have not seen a single French reporter
and whatever I say will bo misrepresented
and used against me. nut the French na
tion 1 enlightened and Just at heart , and
my trust In It U as strong as over. I know
they will eventually recognize ( he Innocence
ot Dreyfus and my singleness of purpose.
To explain the crlils would bo a long story ,
going over the history of the last thirty
years and even history Itself will not ac
count for everything. There are racial
peculiarities the love ot glory for example
bound up with the anny to bo taken Into
consideration In reviewing ijhat has hap
pened. Nor doea It belong 'to ' mo In the
thick of the fray and under sentence ot
Imprisonment to sit aS'crltl ' on my sen
tence. The French pcoplo 4re not them
selves at this juncturc mid this Is all the
more reason why lovcrs ot liberty and Jus
tice like mvself shouTd not feel faint
hearted. For my part Ifjxra n | > t dismayed In
the least , though- profoundly Impressed by
the lamentablenesD of th"fe present sltuAtlon.
I cannot say morr- except to thank my friends
In America. " EMILY CRAW-FORD.
IM'HlllinU' WITH 31MK. UKliYKtS.
Ulfc nf the Cotulrmiiril Olltecr I.IIJB
Her Ili-nrt Hare.
( CopjrlRht , 1SS8 , by l'rcsIhibllclitng Company.
PARIS , Feb. 20. ( New York World Ca
blegram Special Telegrntn. ) I wns re
ceived by Mmc. Dreyfus at her father's house
today , She bears traces on her beautiful
Madonna-llKf face of the recent heavy anx
ieties. Mmc. Dreyfus willingly spoke for
the World readers , saying :
"I may tell vou now that I have not seen
my husband's handwriting tor a year and
a half. I get only copies ot his letters from
the minister for the colonies. He la not
allowed to write to me about the state ot
his health or his treatment In prison. He
speaks ot nothing but his rehabilitation be
fore he dies. That thought absorbs him even
moro than the thought of me and our chll-
dicn The last copy of a letter of his which
I received was week before last. It was all
about his rehabilitation and I cannot ray
whc.hcr he knows what Has been going on
horo. , i
"The result ot the Zola trial IB a stain
on the republic , but I still hope even against
hope that It will be wiped awaj. I havi ,
not told any Journalist before , but I never
met and.never saw M. Zola until we ex
changed looks when I was at thu bar of the
Palalso Justice. He Is a hero , exalted above
his fellows by hlu sublime unsclllshneE and
love of truth.
"We must now await the result of his ap
peal befoie taking any further step. If the
secret document had been produced wo must
have succeeded , but the government ,
whether In favor of revision or not , was
afraid to produce It lest It Incur thereuy
defeat at the general elections approaching.
"I have received hundreds of letters ,
warm , personal letters , frcm all parts of the
United S.tates since the publication of my
flibt Interview. I now at-k jou to convej
my heartfelt thanks for these , as I cau-
not. "
1IVV13 ( iHUVT PMTH iV-M'KIMjKV.
i Pr.-HH Thi ill. * HiAMU U'ltli-
Mtnnil ( lie .IltiKorx.
( Cepjrlrht , 1'SS. liy tliof olntul rrc-- " )
LONDON , Fcb 20 Sensational dispatches ,
purporting to icport alarmist utterances of
President McKlnley , Secretary Long and
other ofllclola , are beginning to affect public
opinion on this side of the Atlantic and to
treato the imprcbslon. tl-at possibly there
may be truth In the reports that the loss of
the Maine was not due to an accident , as at
first believed. Although war with Spain Is
believed improbable , the , Inclination Is to
consider the reports of trcnble n Cubaras
'
exaggerated. ' >
The Statist plnts out that this la a grave
mistake , "as apart frcm sjptlment the ma
terial loaies inflicted upon Americans by the
anaichy In Cuba must not bo belittled. " The
Statist believes , however , that President Mc
Klnley "Is strong enough to icalst the plea
sure , " and congratulates him upon the "firm
and statesmanlike qualities which the 1m-
nioJtatii rcsporulbllllie.1 of his position have
developed , " ted upon th honorable and noble
rlnclplco vlilch ho emunpiited at Philadel
phia when he quoted Wasnlngtan. "At tlu-
simo time , " continues the Statist , "we
realize that the president cannot afford ic
quarrel with hlo supporters If the latler picas
war. "
The Saturday Review ; Is of the opinion that
the affair Is gravely threatfulng , an , ! com
ments upon the sllc-neo of , the court of In
quiry Into the Ios3 of tJicf Maine as being
"om'noLs. " as In the 'rervous anxiety of
President McKlnley and hto inla'dteru to
avcld n rupture with Spain , tney would have
hantfoed to publl'h anything that would
help stop the moutrs ot Senators Mason and
Alien , who , with the atatstance of certain
newspapers , are yenllng for tastunt war In
the best jingo atjle. "
Proceeding , the Saturday Review rcmarkir
"Secretary Sherman having been silenced
by the fihnplo process of not olloAlng him
to know anything , the executive has lately
kept the Bccrcta admirably , hut It Is shrewdly
suspected that the pacific position of Pres
ident McKlnley la laigely owing to the re
ports of his naval advisers to the effect that
America la not In any position to go into
war with Spain without assurance of Im
mediate success. The Spanish fleet Is not to
bo despised , and South American lepubllcs
have not dlpla > ed any love for their north
ern neighbor But all thla will not prevent
the Jlngops forplug the president's hand , If
a scrap of evidence Implicating the Cuban
authorities becomes public , "
The Spectator Is cprtaln that the United
States government , ' whether moved by In
formation from Europe , or being only de
sirous for peace Is anxious for peace " Still ,
aside from the Maine , the Spectator thinks
that the harrowing' consular reports from
Cuba may so lire the Americans that they
will Insist upon thejrKQV eminent ending
such miseries wHhln'yvmerlean waters ,
The Spectator thcn roceetls to repeat the
reported war preparation * In the United
States , and concludes' : "But grave persons
everywhere * In the ijnlon nro waiting for
evidence , and am not ? Incjlned for war un
less the honor and fiollcy of the country
really require It.1 f
Advices from Madrid show- that while the
revolutionary organs such as El Pals , are
shrieking denunciations arul threats , the re
sponsible newspapers have adopted a con-
dilatory attitude. For Instance , El Liberal ,
In a leading article , made a sympathetic
reference to Washington's birthday , and ex
pressed approval of President McKlnley's
speech at Philadelphia , considering It to bo
"a rebuff for those seeking to embroil the
United States and Spain , " oud expressing the
hope "that the president's action will be In
accord with his words. "
In conclusion El Liberal eeje : "Time
will tell , but for the present we ought to
cry a truce to suspicious and animosities In
honor of the memory of the great man , who ,
In addition to layliij the foundation for the
liberty of his people , contributed as few
others have doneto the redeeming and dig
nifying of human conscience. "
The ministers declare that the peailmlstlc
views of the Spanish prtai are only the
echoes of the sensational statements made
by certain Amerlctn newspapers.
I'uMfnliitcM Hull for > \iiii-rlvii.
LIVERPOOL , Feb. 201. Sixty young Irish
women , all of whom are postulates for thu
order of St. Joseph , at St. LouU , Mo. , have
embarked on boarvl tbo lied Star line steamer
Pennlaud for Philadelphia. They are M-
by &UUr Mtry PuL
DANGER IN IIAVAM
Volunteers May Rise and Massacre the
Americans.
LIABLE TO INSTIGATE BLOODY RIOTS
Blanco Realizas the Danger but if
Helpless.
VOLUNTEERS COME FROM LOWER CLASSES
Ignorant , Bigoted and Utterly Devoid ci
Responsibility.
THIRTY THOUSAND OF THEM , ALL TCLD
Illnnen IN AhuiiliifelPnnerlenN to Hc-
xtrntii r Control Them Oorillnl
Hut roil for 1 ? er > thine
thnt U'liiierlonn.
( Copjright. IfOS. b > - Press I'nbllsliltiK Company )
HAVANA ( Via Key- West , .Kla. . ) , Fob. 2fi
( New York World Cablegram Special Tele
gram. ) An unnatural quiet prevails , but
this does not In anyway deceitc the Amer
icans as to the danger of the situation , nor
tlio Intelligent residents cf the city , nor
arc Spanish olllclals blind to the possibilities.
The great danger Is from tlio volunteers ,
who are recruited from the worst elements
of the population. The statement printed In
tlio-Amcrican newspapers that this body of
military Is composed of the omplojos of
merchants and that their officers are Junior
partners and sons of merchants Is ngt true.
The assumption Is that the merchants , from
si eer self-interest , would not permit an
outbreak of \oluntccrs. . Instigating riots
and probably the Killing of Americans. As
there arc sali to be 30,000olunteers It Is
c/bvlotis that most of them cannot be en
gaged In mercantile pursuits , which would
be ruined by war with the United States.
The file of voluntceis Is recruited among
the laboring classes , dray drivers , laborers
and the like , the most Ignoiant and bigoted
class of imon on the earth. They are abso
lutely without reasoning power and firm in
the belief that Spain lias only to declare
war on the United States to find the Amer
icans cringing and suing for peace. They
hate the Americans , despise our go\crnment
anJ on c\ery opportunity Insult the citizens
of the United States now here. They are
only waiting for an opportunity and a word
from their leaders to begin an attack on
tha American consulate and an Indiscriminate
warfare on all who may look to General Lee
for protection.
BLANCO KNOWS THD DAMGDR.
General Blanco knows the danger. He
would prevent an atta-K If ho could , but
he Is powerless , and his commands would
not be obeyed by Ills soldiers , They sym
pathize with the volunteers and could not
be Induced to fire on people of their own
blood. They , too , believe that they could
bring < ldc United States to terms in a war.
The only foices that could bo depended on
to protect foreigners In case of riot are thaje
of the navy and the local police. TUe men
of the na\y will obey their officers. They
have Knocked around the world enough to
know tht they will have a strong foe to
compete with z > nd ate not nearly co ignorant
as the ordinary land people. Their officers
are fine men and hate trained their crews
to such a degree of efficiency tl at their
orders will bo obeyed. The local police Is
in efficient body , but rmall In numbers. The
policemen would do wtiat they > could , but
that Is little cnoupli.
Immediately after the .Maine disaster the
population of Havana was quite more decent
than befrco In the ticatmcnt of Americans
When the Dache and the Mangrove catered
the harbor the people looked on In aotonlsl-
ment. They said"The Maine Is gone coo
there is what Is left of the great Amcrlcar
fleet wo have heard no much about. "
Ridicule or tlio United States is again
rampant a'ld Insults again prevail. They , pt !
upcn the ground when Americans go by. It
socina aa If the administration at Washing
ton has made a ml&tako In not ordering PCV-
eral of the war fleet to cruise Insight of
Moro castle. This action might have In-
ceored the Spanish government , but it would
have hid a salutary effect on tUo population
of Havana.
SIGH FOR WEYLER.
The people here sigh for the return of
Weyler and say Blanco is an old woman.
Admiration of Weyler Is so strong that the
name of Oblspo street has been changed to
Weyler.
Much uneasiness is manifested at the news
that the American fleet at Key West Is being
augmented by tihlps that lm\o been at other
pcrta. It In known hero that the Texas ,
the Nashville , the Marblehead , the .Mont
gomery and the Detroit are cither In Key
Wet > t port or on the way there The Brook
lyn Is supposed to be duo there soon. The
pica Is beginning to bo quietly expressed
by Spanish olllclals that this looks BUS-
ptclnus. When It Is explained to them that
the arrangements wcro made before the
Malno disaster they ask why It was that for
four years prevloutly the United States had
not found It necessary to send a fleet to
cruise In tlioio waters and why It was that
until the Maine came here no American
war vessel had been In Havana harbor.
They all icallzo the possibility of war with
the United States.
Havana can make no defense against en
attack. It has only one modern battery of
any strength. The BUHD are mounted on or
dinary seacoast carriages In an exposed
position. The rapid lire guns of the modern
cruiser or other war ship could drive tha
men from the land battery an coon as they
got within range. It la raid that there Is
not enough ammunition available to servo
their batlcry through one action , Then , too ,
the Spaniards have no expert gunncra nor
artillerymen , Modern war ships are built
for hard knocks and It la not likely that
the Havana battery could disable any ono of
our Ehlps before It could get Its small
caliber rapid fire battery at work , acsumlng
that not a shot hud been fired from Its
rifles. The American navy gunners are the
beet marksmen. Ono ship could stand oft
tit sea and reduce this ono battery.
It U almost Idle to discuss tbo possibility
o ! such action , for If Admiral Slcard were
to demand surrender , Havana probably would
capitulate Immediately , or he could , If ho
desired , establish a blockade of the port and
starve the city Into subjection In a week
No provlulons ha\o been accumulated and
nonu are to bo bad except as are brought In
fay whops , Mantuuzau , the only other port on
the north coast of Cuba which amounts to
much , could easily bo captured. With the
downfall of Ha\ana the Island would soon
be under subjection without more lighting.
The uewg from Madrid U jvatciica witb
THE BEE BULLETIN ! .
Wcnthfr KorcfA t for NVbraskn
Generally Fair ; Northerly Winds
V&Sf
1. Knct * About tlio Chinese Iionti ,
My in | in thy Ktprrmoil for Zoln.
Pnngrr of Ittot In lluvtum.
DC Lome tlrovrs Vrry HrUlrcnc ,
8. aicKlnlry i : < | iml to thn KiiterKrnrjr.
3 Nrlmtnkn'A MorlRnfje llcronl.
Hurtle } .Jurj Still Hung Up.
AfTrtlrs lit South Onmlm.
4 , In Onmlm'n Soilnl Vortrx.
0. Jfrw llnlii'ii ri > clly ( Depot I'lnna.
KiiilomriiiriiW iirnjor Moor on.
Jury CouvlyifQjAinl Kmtnnr.
0. Council ItlijStefful Mutters.
7 , lotvii I.rBl/RiJjfil'roccoilliiBH. /
\ VrnurujfJi' \ < 5jPbilmlulo Comilpteil. |
8 Wnlrr liyKt fiito KxnnMtlon Miilim.
10. In tlio DuH Vof Wniimn.
11 , Coninicr BOJnU rinnnclnl Non .
13. Killtorla Bn Coiniiirnt.
in. l iiiirn'it Cluhn
I.e.u cJ J KprNcl > rinlii'H ICurly History.
14 , In the DF / of Anuisriiirntfl.
Mu < lri B Br\r of the Week.
10. "In the Ciilri . "
Two of New York's "riiimt. "
17 , Kmcntlnln of Urmimtlo Surer * ! . >
QUOIT Me s BC by Telephone.
18. "iil : > n , " by Ulilcr lliiRR.ird.
tt > . With tha U hficlmcu.
"O. HportlnK Kevlow of the Work.
feverish Interest. The sailing of six torpedo
boils from Cadiz brings encouragement to
Spinlnrdy here nud the other preparations
by Spain for possible war cause wild exul
tation.
PROCTOR ARRIVES.
Scna'tor ' Rcdlk-ld Proctor , ox-secretary of
war , arrived on thp Mc-amer Tim this mornIng -
Ing , accompanied by Colonel Parker of
Washington , He denies thtt his visit has
any connection with the situation and fctvs
ho probably will return north nc\t Tuesday.
Ho called on General Lee today When the
decision of the naval court of Inquiry Is made
public trouble with the population here may
follow at anj moment. General Leo has not
expressed himself on the situation , but no
body acquainted with him doubts that when
the tlmo comes ho will acquit himself as
becomes a soldier of experience and a dip
lomat of ability.
The bearing of Captain Slgsbee wins the
admiration of everybody. Chaplain Chtil-
wlck has won the love of everybody who has
"
como In contact vvlth him. Ills labors ate
without cessation. He lies comforted the
wounded , burled the dead and attended to
the painful duty of Identifying the almost
unrccognlrible bodies as they came to the
i'urface. All this without seemingly an
hour's rest. No man with less of physical
strength and the Impulse of holy duty be
hind him could have stood the strain. Ho
la entitled to the love and honor of tha cntlro
American people.
General Blanco has ordered 1,700 Spanish
troops from the Interior to reinforce the
strong body of military already In Havana.
This IB done In anticipation of an attempt
by sympathizers with General Weyler to at
tack Americans.
AVBYLERITES ARE ACTIVE.
The Weylcrltcs are preparing to make a
defiant anti-American demonstration when
the battleship Vlzcaya arrives. It is counted
upon as an efficient defender of this city In
case It Is threatened with capture by the
Uiiltcd States squadron now cruising oft
Tortugas much to the discomfort of the
Spaniards T'ie ' Vl/caya was expected hero
today Streets and storen wcro gradually
decorated In token of a hearty welcome
to it It was not known hero that It did not
leave New York until yesterday afternoon
The crew of the wrecking steamer Right
i\Tin has built a platform on the wreck of
the Maine and was working vigorously today
at saving the bodies of the dead. Only ono
body was found with the head on and oven
that could not be recognized.
I have spent the most of the day along
side the Malnn studying the wreck. The
naval court of Inquiry expects to leave to
night for Key Weht.
Seaman Holzcr of New York died today
noon In San Ambrosia hospital.
La Lucha prints an open letter which the
correspondents of American newspapers sent
to the press censor , Senor Mendcz , heartily
thanking him for his valuable co-operation
In sending out by cable their dispatches
regarding the disaster to the Maine. The
letter was signed by the correspondents of
all the ncwspapcrx represented hero and of
the Press association.
SYLVESTER SCOVEL.
v ApritiiuM : > s NO TIUMHIM : .
tinI'orlfN null VMV Klee-
llnii'4 Oeenr Mm eh7. .
( C'opyrlsht. U98 , by | nf I'lilillrlilnir fonipnny )
MADRID. Fob 20 ( Now York Cablegram
Special Telegram ) The goveinmcnt now
appieheiids no Immediate complications In
Spain's relations with the United Staler
Cocscquently , It hati decided to dlrsolvo the
Sranlsh Corlcs ( paillanient ) by royal do-
crco In the Madrid Guzvtto on Sunday. That
will fix Jie date ot thu general elections In
Spain and the West Indies on Sunday ,
March 27 and the meeting of thu new Cortes
on Monday , April 25.
I liavo the most trustworthy groin Is for
stating that the Stanlsh government Is bent
upon pushing military opcra'lons and the
unolllclal negotiations of the autonomist
executive committee -with the Insurgent chiefs
as vigorously an pc slho ! before May 1 , In
order to bo In a position to otsert that the
now plan of eoknlal , home rule has made
mifllclcnt progress to justify the exper.ailon
of the early pacification of Ciuw nr.d to
Justify President McKlnley In making Iho
contemplated treaty of commerce with Hpaln ,
Cuba , Porta Rico and the Philippine Inlands
Both governments are determined , It la
said , to conduct treaty negotiations with
great rapidity , as tlioy agree In conslderlrg
such a treaty as the bcot means to strengthen
the hands of President McKlnley In hie ef
forts to avert war , oj well as to utrongthcn
the position of the Spanish government and
the new autonomist reglmo In Cuba. In
fac' , both governments are perfectly aware ,
It Is declared , how difficult the situation
would becoino If all thin nero not accom
plished before May 1 , when the tulny nnd
unhealthy season begins' In Cuba , bcfexo thu
progress of events idould then Indicate un
Indefinite prolongatlcn of the Cuban war
ARTHUR E. HOUflinON ,
Simulant Oil l iiiniiin > UuUi'M Animer.
COU'MIH'S. O. , Full , 20.-Standard Oil
company today filed In the biiprvmo court
UH answer to u ult brought to break the
trust in Onto. It Klveu the list of certifi
cate holders , but declines to name the profit
from the Uiut ,
OE LOME SNIFFS WAR
Author of the Oaualijvs Letter Assumes a
Fighting Attitude ,
WANTS TO WHIP UNCLS SAM INSTANTLY
Says the Sooner the Crisis Arrives the
'Better for Spain ,
AMERICAN NAVY NOT PREPARED FOR WAR
Spain Cannot Longer , Ho Say * , Stave
Off Hostilities.
DECLINES TO TALK TO NEWSPAPER MEN
ShlllM IlliiiNi'If lti In Uln Hold l
London nnil Nnrnt-N IllnVrnth
. \KlllllMt tillUllltfll
V
.Stnti-N.
( CopilRhl , I"1) ) , h > l'ni i < Putilljlilnc Company )
LONDON. Feb. 2C ( Now York World Ca
blegram Special TVluKrntn. ) Seior Diifiuy
do Lome la consumed with hatreJ of thr >
United States The whole burden of Ills con-
ersatlcll , thcaovlio ha\e talked with him
eay , la that It IH utterlj usclesM for the
Spanish Kcuemment to tiy longer to stave
off war with America , and that the sooner
war comes the brttet for Spain , owing to
the unpicpared condition of the American
na\y.
I called this morning nt Hrown'a hotel ,
Albcrmarle strtcti to liiti-nlew Scnor Dupuy
do Lome , but was Informed that Spilo'a
former minister to the United States re-
sohed to receive no ncwnpapcr men I left
n note asking Senor do Lome If , In the In
terest of peace anl geol rc'atlccis betwoeit
the United States end his couitry , ho would
say whether , to his knowledge , Havana har
bor nns mined In the neighborhood of the
.Maine's anchorage , or not. No reply waa
vouchsafe ! to thltj Inquliy.
Calling later In the evening I was iiDtllled
that "Senior do Lome has DO Information on.
that point and would give none If ho had It. "
The correspondent sent n message to Seiior
do Lome asking wh.it were "tlio Infamous
lies of the New York press , " of which ho
complained In an Interview at Liverpool.
The answer came that "Soior do Lome will
make no further Matement of any kind to
any American newspaper jcporter. "
It Is expected In diplomatic circles hero , I
hear , thnt Senor dc Lome will ally himself
with the Weyler party on his return to
Spain Ho had not called upon the Spanish
ambassador to EnglanJ up to fi o'clock this
evening , but It was said ho was to dln
with him tonight.
SYMPATHY FOR UNCIJS SAM.
The nngllsh press and public are so deeply
preoccupied with their own complications ,
particularly thobu with Trance , that little
attention has been given to the threatening
America-Spanish crisis. The Indifference to
It was also due In some measure to the per
sistency with which Mr. Smallcy and other
correspondents for the London newspapers
minimize the gravity of the situation , which
they represent as being solely the cicatlon of
the sensational press. Hut even the Times
Lorrcbjiomlenl- compelled to admit now
that the accident theory nfi regards tha
Maine has been severely shaken. Among
the representative politicians of the House
of Commons the seriousness of the outlook
Is recognized , but though they admit that
If the dcbtructlon of the Maine IB not proved
to be accidental the United Slates will have
Intolerable provocation , they dicllno to say
anything which would tend to embroil the
two couutiU's. At the Kumo time sympathy
hero Is altogcthei with the United States ,
as Spain's enormities In Cuba have demon
strated Its utter unfltncbH to govern any
colony.
IMinSS COMMD.NT.
The Dally Telegriph fairly oxprenscs
Hnglloh public feeling when It says"Doubt
less if It could be shown that Spain so Jap
forgot itn Interest and KB tradltloim to say
nothing of the rudimentary laws of human
ity , a.s to aid , abet or connive at an act In
volving the blacktHt trcathcry and the foul
est crimes , hoBtllltlio would be Inevltablo
and Imminent , for the dcllburato destruction
of the Malno would In Itself constitute an
act of war of the most treacherous and un
justifiable character. Hut tbo more hldcoim
the Infamy suggmtcd , tlio lens probability la
there that It could have born oven connlvol at
and the moro cogent muit bo tha proof ad
duced In order to hi Ing homo guilt. Cer
tainly no unbiased person In iuropa will for
a moment admit that any Spanlwh statesman
or otllclal agent could luvo thus wantonly
and cruelly net at naught the lawx of hos
pitality , the dictates of Inn unity and the
most powerful promptings of patriotic and
personal self iiiteicst. "
Admiral Dn La Camann , the naval attache-
to tlio Spanish cmbiHsy huro , hafl made
within thu last foitnlght another tour ot
the gicat nngllHh and Siotch shipbuilding-
centers. The admiral was at Xowcastlc-on-
Tyno two days this week. He had a lonir
conference with the dlreiloni of the Arm
strong iibwlck works and the Yarrow Ship
building company , both of which firms have
( .overal war ships of varlouu klmln on the
stocks Hut all of tliCBu shlpy are spoken for
by other countries and milcw Spain can buy
from thcsu countries it IJBH no chance of
getting any additional bhlps huro within
clghtecr. montlia.
AKHICAN AKKAIHS.
While upon the kubject of dreat Ilrltoln'ti
foreign affaire. I may jy that I huvo n > -
celvtd the most authoritative Information
from o confidential source that after reachIng -
Ing Khartoum tbo Anglo-Hgyptlan force late
to go straight through to Uganda , and that
tlila dfto twelve months hence will eo
Fatodu a Hiltlsh pest , end thu whole of the
White Nile valley a safe route for UrltloU
commerceA now cot of negotiations , or
rather suggestions for negotiations , by Kng-
lend , U non being considered at Drutfielu
and Herlln for that famous atrip of territory
connecting Uganda with South Africa , which.
Lord Itoaeberry so fclgnally failed to secure.
The Improved elate of the Anglo-German
relations are believed to bode well for thli
enterprise.
Parliament has now fairly got Its work
before It and there IH a very generally good
disposition toward Loth of the chief meas
ure * tlio Irish loial government and the
army reform blllo. The former will get
mauled somewhat In confrnlttee , but not
enough to disfigure It. Tht uppi-al * of tbo
militant Orangemen to thu h'lsli landlords
to fight the bll | tooth and nail are meeting
with ouly tha tlundirwt tuccttd , which lit
largely owing to tbo civilizing effect * ot
Horace Plunkctt'e luduatrial projjaguxla. oad

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