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Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, February 27, 1898, Editorial Sheet, Image 13

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THE OMAHA BEE : SUNDAY , FEBBUATIY 27 > 1803V
BENEFITS OF WOMEN'S ' CLUBS
Po trfnl Influence Exerted for the
Betterment of Womankind ,
RELAXATION FROM DAILY ROUTINE
The ttmtit Pur Oulii clili ( lie KnnltN
lft rlopiniTit of Cliilin Do
'Jilt' } t nilcrlnlii- no Mm'lit
\iiiunlnK IV-iiturcM.
Dr. Johnson defined a club as "an assembly
of. Rood fcllon * meeting under corlftln
cnndlllons. " Prom his phraseology It la
evident that the gallant doctor novef even
Imagined the possibility ot such n combina
tion of women. How lie would have bom
ntnarcd could ho have looked foiwarJ 100
jcars or mote !
A club , -nlclilcd ( by the gentle hand of
Ionian , may bo a powerful weapon of
offcnuo and defense , writes Jean Ncal in the
St. I-ouls Globe-Democrat , fiho may lay
about with It In an aggressive manner and
shatter established social contentions and
smash cherished Ideals ; or she may wisely
use It merely as a new means whereby to
Btrcngthon nnd defend herself against the as
saults ot the world and the Impositions ot
Btreiigor men. 'Hut under certain or
uncertain conditions , the now woman will
"asiemble. "
"Women's clubs have sprung up only within
comparatively few jiars , but nov all
over the country their name Is legion. It
< watt like thi > cue of ( hit flrsf rabbit brought
Into Australia , which Island Is now overtun
with the bobtallcd pests , except that In this
Instance the woman's club Is not a ptst ,
Blru. JulK Ward Howe , I believe , Is re
sponsible for this similar dissemination of
clubs from Mie first asoclatlon which she
[ founded in Hoston tweiitj-llvo jcars ago.
vAnd just at present there seems to bo an
epidemic of clubs among the women of
America. Perhaps somu scientist will jet
discover the 'bacillus ' of the club mania , just
as In Atlanta they are now looking for the
Idas microbe , and threatening Its auulhlla-
tlon.
tlon.Of
Of course jou belong to a club. This Is
no longer the nutation , for. in fact. It goes
nlthout sajlng. Cre might na well be dead
jiowailavH no not belong to iomo club The
present ciuorj Is To how manj clubs < * o
jou belong ? Tor she is regarded aa the
best woman who is on the lists of the great.
.st number of clukn and who holds olllct
In circles of wldist diverging i'ltercota. I
knew of ono vvuniun who had a rccoid of
pay'ng dues In. twenty-live different clubs ,
but that was beveral jiarn ago , and doubt-
leu" ) there are now others who cast her far
lei the shade. For the lost two jeaia
the mania lies broken out with redoublrd
furor In every remote com r of the nation ,
and there la now hardl > an army pojt 01
n mlniig village which has not Its advanced
band of solf-culturlsts and social enllghtm-
ors. I have not heard thu latest bulletin
from the Klondike , but I have no doubt that
there la alreadj a band ot "Daughters of the
Tick Ax" form g there.
A LOVER OP CLUtS. )
I mjBclf am very unfaahlcaablo I boaat
of membership In but three clubs , though
thej are t > plcal , and I must ccjifesti that I
do not sco how an ) mortal woman of average
strength ot mind and ph > aluo | can dcvoto
herself to more. Ono of these three Is
a largo patriotic society , whose meetings
are usually held upon dates of natltnal 1m-
liortance. Wo celebrated Washington's birth
day Tuesday. These increasingly popular
patriotic oig.inlzations are often criticised
for spending so much time In , genealogies
and tracing of family descents , riid arc ac
cused of bo'cigof no practical advantage to
the members ot the society at large. Hut they
lo Indeed sUnd for something more than the
potty snobbery of birth and family tradi
tion. They etnnd for the recording of all
lilstoilo data , however slight , which may
go to make up a whole ot vast value to the
lutuc-o historian and antlquirlan. rrhoy
Bland for the prcacrvntlon ot old landmarks
and places ot historic association ; for the
observance of historic dates and mcmorlaln
to patriotic men ; for the Inculcation of the
spirit of patriotism ! In the children who are
to be our next generation of citizens and
to carry on the history of tlio nation. I
must speak this word for the patriotic so-
clutloa , though these are not the great , tjpl-
cal woman's clubs that have thu ivldcstJu-
Uucnce.
My second club la a private and personal
nflnlr ot eight ex-collego girls , all seriously
affected with the literary measles , which in
several cas s struck In and developed alarm
ing sjmptoms ot Inciirnblcness The Scrib
blers meet at my den oveiy fortnight , and
oaeh maid Is pledged to read aloud some
tale of her own devising , for the unbiased
Judgment and critical comments of the
circle Ah , but > ou should hem same of the
astounding Inventions and experimental
revelations which emanate from the brains
ot these very modern maidens' Hut , after
nil , this Is not tlio typical lln do aioclo wo
man's club which Is now supplying thu comlo
papem with a now and much needed subject
tor cartoons. In place ot the long-abuaed
anothcrlIaw and the omnivorous goat
This club Is too modest In Its methods and
too concrete In Its alms for a typical wo
man's club ; though I assure you It does not
appropriate the smallest third ot my tlmo
devoted to the three.
IMy third clue Is ono ot the general class
of solf-culturo associations ; n band of bright
AS omen who meet every other week to
wrllo and discuss papers upon topics of the
day , ethical , literary and political , and wmi
listen every alternate week to como vvell-
Icnown lecturer or public speaker. It ro-
< wlroj much tlmo to keep In touch with the
rather scattered selection of topics , and to
( keep abreast of the unusually bright wo
men who discuss them ; anil the result Is a
ntlmulua and a valuable Incitement to study ,
rrhls club Is , I think , a good specimen of
thu common or garden variety which Is at
jirescnt springing up llko the national flower
over all the country , doing Incalculable good
to the women thereof
SIGN OK WOMAN'S AWAKENING.
The first woman's club was contemporary
with the now Interest In the higher educa
tion ofvomen. \ . It was a sign of woman's
awakening deslro for self-Improvement , for
intellectual equality with man , tor a social
broadening of Ideas and resources. Since
then women hava become emancipated
from certain absurd conventionalities which
* > rf-v vito4 t"t.'r ! ' adopting the learned pro
fessions or business careers ot their own
{ And a grow \femlnlno restlessness has
finally resulted In that modern , inuch-
ubuscd word Incarnation , the now woman
I doubt If thn now woman , In the popular
sense , as Illustrated In Llfo and the nows-
jinpers and on the contomporor ) ntago. rwlly
does exist. Hut thu nun woman In tlio
lest senno the renewed , made-over , over
joung modern woman surely has como to
etnj. And she Is first of all a club woman.
Now , the expression , "club woman. " de
flates a very different creature from the
brother phrase , "club man " It bears no
derogatory significance. Hut long usage of
itho latter term , long- experience ot Us bear
crs , has freighted It with disapproval and
disparagement , not incompatible , however ,
< vvlth a'curtain ' distinction , Quo Instinctively
thinks of a club man as a rich ) oung
fellow about town , a rathur fast swe > ll , a
man of the world The comlo papers , whlcl
are responsible for deeper Impressions ni !
moro lasting prejudices than they sepm
aware , have so continually pictured tile
club man reeling homo to a scolding wlfu
ivvlth Homo absurd and Incoherent excuse or
Ills lips , that this also has liucomo a pan
of the vision evoked by thu phrase O ,
couue , all men belonging to clubs arc not
of this typo , Abaurdl No ono In so foolish
or purltanto as to bellovo that because
a man supports several clubs ho must be
a hot or a gambler. Doubtless It Is as
valuable for a man to to a member of a
good club of congenial and Inspiring as
sociates as for a woman to enjoy thu game
JiilvIlcEO. Hut a club man , a man Ideutllled
. with ami alwajs to be found at one
or another of the typical men's clubs , vvhlcn
are usually purely social or epicurean , w It )
jio object ot Improvement or mental ant
moral advantage , the fashionable habitue
of the faalilonaulo clubs , Is not au admirable
creation.
Nobody has any such Idea ot the clul
woman. Evou the cartoonists who dollgh
ID caricaturing pa , who Is rocking the babj
( jvlill * tua at tiur club descants ou Drowuluj
or Ib n even these sarcastic alarmists lm
pate to the attending female no wors * crlrn *
nan thta , or faddish enthusiasm , or unparlia
mentary etiquette.
DUTDftDNT FROM MEN'S CLUB9.
The woman's club ta very different In purpose -
pose and Ideal from the man's. It Is seldom
> urely social women have enough of society
n Its ordinary garb without Inventing la
Is name new taxes upon their tlmo. Their
club usually hac a dignified and plausible
purpose at least for charily , for self-lm-
irovement , for social reform , or some local
nd Individual Interest , like my own modest
Scribblers ' " The vast majority ot large
woman's clubs throughout the country are
usually bands of earnest , enthusiastic vvo-
ncn , who have discovered that the stimulus
of co-operation Is the chief Incentive to
the pursuit of any object. Any ono can
study at homo by herself. Out how long will
she keeping It up , faithfully , nlthout some
thing to make necessary the application and
sacrifice and concentration T Probably three-
ourths ot the women stud ) Ing or working
n women's clubs today have never been to
college ; but they have seen that the chief
value of college work In gained by the girls
vvoiklng together , and thus they seek to at
tain In a measure the same result It Is the
spirit of the university extension Idea , thu
value of homo study In co-operation with
others , the stimulus ot a group ot minds
focused upon a common object.
This direct Improvement of herself , this
broadening of her understanding and sup
plementing of her academic knowledge Is
not the greatest benefit of the woman's clubs.
There Is also the relaxation from her dally
routine of society and household cares , a
stepping nsldo from the rut Into which there
s danger of her life's running under the old
order of things. Our grandmothers had no
clubs. No ; but perhaps they would have
Ived longer and happier If they had. Surely
: ho moro resources a woman has within
iierself when ago makes action Impossible
the happier will her old ago bo , the raoro
full of Interest. Moreover , variety and
change and the friction of bright Intellects
scop a woman joung and fresh and good
looking no light consideration to any ono.
The average woman of today Is far younger
and healthier and fairer than her grand-
mothei woe at her age.
GOOD INFLUENCES.
The good Influences of the club extends to
the homo Hfo also. A man Inn his dally
business , In which ho meets other men upon
a common level of Interest Ho , goes among
them and Is stimulated by contact with
men of equal and superior Intelligence , all
upon their mettle lest they bo taken. at a
disadvantage. This wan what women needed
when they formed tbo woman's clubs. In
ordinary cocicty there in little stimulus ,
llttlo overllow ot Ideas , llttlo Interchange
of Intelligence Hut at her club her mind
Is nlred and acted upon by friction with
others , keen to make the most of thenibelv eo ,
and shu returns home , flesh and animated ,
llko her husband , or father , or brother , ready
to react again with her Intellect upon his ,
to the pi oil t and pleasure ot both.
Many club women are bachelor maids , re
sponsible to no one but themselves , with no
heavy homo duties or binding tics ot fam
ily. To such the club Is a welcome diversion
nnd Interest from the wearisome loutlno of
society without an object. It Is a prolltablo
investment ot tlmo which would otherwise
bo frivolously lost. Hut the mat ion does not
neglect her homo nnd famllj for her club.
That Is , I bellovo that the woman who does
Is an alwajs possible but rcnnrKable excep
tion , dragged Into prominence by carping
critics Eveiy woman's club that I ever
heard ot Is so arranged that the hours ot
'meeting como at n time least likely to In
terfere with household affairs , with the
eulsino or the nursery , never at times when
the men ot the family would miss the at
tentions ot the-lr mlnlsteriug angel. Who
ever heard of a woman's club meeting at
night ? No ; that privilege rests with the
men still ,
Ihg chief fault of women's clubs Is the
lack of serene calmness and dignity ot
method. It Is stilt to new a thing for women
to venture forth from homo on their own
responsibility , It seems so daring , so pre
sumptuous , so delightfully Independent , that
they have almost lost their heads and are
a llttlo Intoxicated iby the novel experience.
Thu Inevitable tendency of women to mag
nify the Importance of everything personal
to themselves , their unquenchable enthusi
asm nnd lack of humor which makes them
tnko themselves and everything else too se
riously , tends to make the modern club
woman flaunt her new dignities and self-
importance somewhat ridiculously In thee
o > es ot men , whose clubs have been estab
lished and taken for granted for centuries
Wo may say that we don't care -what men
thing about our doings I3ut wo ought to
care. Wo are only half the world , after all ,
wo women , and the opinion of the other halt
in worth considering.
OND OP THE FAULTS.
One fault of the woman's clue li that It
usually tries to do too much. Seeing the
whole wide world of laro open for her to
choose , the club -\voman wants to grasp It
all at once ; she Is not content to accom
plish Uttlo toy llttlo sjstcmatlcally , building
up year by year on a solid foundation. Scl-
euce , ethics , politics , literature , art , econom
ics these are a few of the subjects wh/ch /
she feels dbllged to Include In her jeai's
program for weekly meetings of ono hour
each ; when each of these requires a life
time of special study ; nnd ono branch of
ono ot them furnishes sufficient food for
the average lirtellect In a jear of Satur
days. J have known a club giavely to de-
cldo the Alaskan boundary question after
forty-five minutes f argument on ono side
alone ; devote the next meeting to the con
sideration of "Sudermann's Realism" ( seven-
eighths of them don't rend German ) , and
the folios-Ing week discuss the sweating sys
tem , summed up from hearsay and maga
zine articles. Yet even such desultory wrk /
as this Is far better than no work at all
Hut when the possibilities of a vvoman'b
club are fully realized , and when the womin
herself has exhausted the pleasant novelty
of meroiy trying her newfound wings , she
will settle down to a better directed and
moro level flight.
The earnest striving of the woman's clubs
for parliamentary correctness of proceed
ings Is often laughable or would bo It the
dreadful seriousness of the occasion , the
absolute lack of humor shown , did not pre
clude the enjoyment of even a surreptitious
smile. It Is a strange thing that women at
other times so quiet. Inoffensive and digni
fied ahoulifcbo affected by the rules of Cush-
Ing's Manual as the Lnill la by scarlet
rags. Graclousncss , politeness , self-re
straint. friendship , even , go by the board
when a discussion Involving the minute In
consequences of parliamentary usage is In
question. Some few women there are capa
ble of mastering tlio technicalities of this
science If science It bo ; but to most It
seems a dead language. It they could only
learn to appreciate better thu relative value
of things , they would waste lent tlmo and
pcaco ot mind over what Is , after all , of
secondary Importance to any serious busi
ness whluh they may have on hand. Hut ,
oh ! they are so serious about it , and , oh !
they make such a muddle of "by-laws" and
"articles" and "resolutions. "
Mr. Melvll Dewey , secretary of the Uni
versity of Now York , ea > s there Is one
thing , the hoodoo of every club Into which
It Is Introduced. This dangerous element Is
no other thing than food , Yrs ; ho as
serts that no sooner does a club woman
yield to her hospitable Instinct and mal.o
refreshment of any kind a feature of the
club meetings than the death-knell of en
deavor and result Is sounded for that club.
For , once Introduced , grown familiar with
its face , wo II ret endure , then pit ) , then
embrace or devour , rather. And once pro-
vldod by ono member , no succeeding hcstcss
Is going to have her hcepltallt ) Impeached
by falluro to bo as provident. Thus the spirit
of hospitable emulation , a feminine weak
ness , Is Introduced , and the serpent enters
Eden.
Since hearing this , I have resolutely re
slated the temptation even to make tea for
thu Scribblers when they meet hero In my
den. Hut , alas ! At our last meeting oiu
of the maids fortified our spirits for listen-
lug to her very harrowing ghost story by
the distribution of certain globules ot gum
my jujube. Do > ou suppose that this Is the
death-warrant of our octagonal meetings ?
1 should be desolate to believe so And yet ,
If ' .Mr. Dewey Is right , 1 fear that nothing
can savu us.
Avert the omcnt
Arnlcn atilv .
The best salvo In the world tor Cuts ,
Hrulics , Sores , Ulcers , Salt Rbeum , Tevcr
Bores , Totter , Chapped Hands , Chllblalus ,
Corns and all Skin Eruptions , cod positively
cures I'llcs ir no [ My required. It is guar
anteed to give perfect satisfaction or money
refunded. 1'rlco 23 cenU per box. for alia
by Kubq & Co ,
LEAVES FROM EARLY HISTORY
J , Sterling Morton's ' Recollections of a
Financial Debate afc Omaha in 1855.
CHEAP MONEY AND WILDCAT BANKS
1'Ionecr ro * < ninMer Jonpn nnrt JndRe
llrndforiL DUciinn tlic ( lueMlcm
In the l'iu > r lloiiie of the
'crrltorlitt Council.
The building waa ot poorly burned brick
and Its dimensions vvcro about forty-eight
Icct by twenty-four feet and two stories In
height."it stood on * lie prairie which had
been staked out on the west bank ot the
Missouri river , opposite Council iBIuffa , la. ,
and christened "Omaha City , " aud In the
winter of 1853 It vvas occupied by the legis
lative assembly of the Territory ot Nebraska
and dignified as the capltol , It stood about
two blocks northwest from where the pres
ent Union Pacific railroad headquarters are
located. Thlo primitive temple of lawmaking
ing had been planned and constructed dur
ing the summer and autumn ot 1854 by the
Nebraska & Iowa Terry Co , ot which Dr.
Emos Low was the president. It had been
regarded by the larger stockholders nrd
chief manipulators ot that organization for
city bulldlug and fortune malting as a sort
of hive where the first swarm ot law-givers
might collect and distill the honey ot op
portunity In behalf ot tbo proprietors of
I'rnlrle townsltes nnd prairie plowmen all
along the Nebraska bank ofthe - 'MUsourl. '
The territorial council , vhlch was parallel
aad equivalent to the state senate , was
metaphorically , and likewise literally , the
upper house of the territorial legislative as
sembly , for It held Us sessions In the second
end story of the dlmlnutlvo capltol. The
hall of the council was about twenty-tour
feet by sixteen feet , and eight feet of Its
length was cut off by a railing and devoted
to the standing use ot the general public ns
a lobby. The thirteen members ot the coun
cil occupied the remainder. Joseph L
Sharp , aged CO > cars , and a native ot Ten
nessee , was the presiding olllcer ot this
pioneer body ot legislators. Tradition had
It that Sharp Hrst served ns a law-giver In
the state assembly ot Illinois , ami sub-
scqucntb In the legislature of Iowa , whence
liu had naturally enoiign drifted over Into
Richardson countj , Nebraska , for the pur-
liopso of temporarily noting as a leading
lawmaker In the new teriltory.
SHAIU' IN NAME AND FEATURES.
In person Colonel Sharp was tall , slnewj ,
straight , lean and lank Ho had a largo
and well-shaped head and an expression of
alertness end vigilance waa alwa > s
present In his features. In earlier Hfo
Colonel Sharp had been a profound sufferer
from an attack of smallpox. The disease
had extinguished the light and vision of
one e > e , had twisted his nose a little
awry , skewed up his mouth at ono corner
and deeply Indented his face all over with
pox marks from point of the chin to top of
the forehead. And jet , with all his un
mitigated homeliness , Colonel Sharp , In con
versation , In social lite and with his educa
tional acquirements even on the rostrum ,
as a speaker , was one of the most attractive
and entertaining of men Ills knowledge of
paillanientarj tactics was , co-cxtcnslvc with
Jeflcrson'a Manual and all other standard
rules and regulations for the government
and orderly direction of deliberative bodies
His colleagues In the council were : II.
Hradford , II. P. Bennett and C. H. Coles ot
Nebraska City ; Richard Brown ot Nemaha
county , Dr. M. H. Clark ot Fontanelle ,
Dodge county ; Benjamin It. Folsom of
Tekamah ; T. G. Goodwell , A. D. Jones , S.
n Itogers and Oregon D. Richardson ( a
former lieutenant governor of Michigan ) of
Oniaha ; Lafayette Nuokolls of 1'lattsmouth ;
J. C. Mitchell of Florence. Lafajetto
Nuckolls , Samuel E. Rogers , Presiding Oin-
cer Sharp and Richard Brown were the only
members ot that body who were bom In
southern states. All the others were natives
ot Maine , Now York , Vermont , Connecticut
aud Pennsjlvanla.
THE PARAMOUNT QUESTION.
Trom tlmo to tlmo It Is Intended to give
sketches of Individual members of this
pioneer body , and also to shadow forth
trom memory some of the dlscusilons in
which It Indulged. And , as the money
question Is at present paramount In this
and all other states of the American
union , It may not bo uninteresting to re1-
call a debate carried on iby some of those
frontier financiers in the council at Its second
end session , during the -winter of 1833-C ,
relative to money , banking nnd financiering
generally. The Immediate subject ot dis
cussion was the propriety ot eharterlng
several banks of issue In the territory
These ibanks were to utter their promises
to pay gold to the holders ot their notes on
demand , but the charters purposely and
shrewdly avoided all penalties for Individual
stockholders except such as could not > bo
enforced. Those possible profits of this sys
tem of ibanklng. which wore regarded with
the most favorable and acquisitive cje ,
seemed to tie concealed In the ability to Is
sue the greatest number of promlses-to-pay
and In redeeming the fewest.
Then as now , It was declared with great
apparent wisdom that the poor , plain people
ot Nebtaska were toeing ground into the
earth because of the "money power. " That
ildeous hobgoblin was constantly lying
awake nights devising means of making all
ts subjects too poor to ever pay an > thing
which they might owe to It. The rates or
ntercst In the territory were extortionate
ip to 3 and 5 per cent a month and the
advance advocates ot "moro money and
cheaper money" In that early day ( just as
lo their prototypes In the year 1898) ) declared
Jiat to make discounts easy for all sorts of
> eoplo money must be plentler. Then , as
low , these fallacious flnanUcrs asserted that
uoney could and should bo made so plentl-
'ul ' that men having no credit -with money
scarce would have great credit with money
abundant.
The most aggressive promoter of the new
flat banking scheme by which everyone In
the territory was to bo made rich vvas
Judge Allen A. Bradford of Otoo county. Ho
was about CO years of age , short of stature
and very broad of girth. iHo had a fat ,
double-chin and was ot a generally roily-
poly make-up. In short , he looked like some
cherub escaped In Infancy from celestial
domains aifd grown up In a very un
systematic and Intensely porcine part of the
earth Ills head was not remarkable for
size or symmetry and lie had a most surprls-
hg voice. From out of such n tremendous
chest , from such a powerful pair of lungs ,
ono expected to hear tones of strength
vibrant with virility Hut Bradford's voice
was the very antithesis of what ono looked
for. H was squeaky , shrill , querulous , feeble ,
wiry and exasperating
WILDCAT HANKING ,
Against the banking scheme and all the
vagaries of making cheap monoj no man
took a moro prominent or useful part than
Hon A. D. Jones of Omaha. He denounced
all attempts at making something out of
nothing Ho ridiculed the possibility of
promoting prosperity In the territory by
means of an Irredeemable , wildcat banking
eurrenc ) Every argument in favm of honest
currency , honest finance and the Inviolability
of existing contracts was forcefully , Intel-
llgontly and efficiently set forth bj Mr Jones
He denounced the proposed banks as rascally
and rotten Ho proclaimed that no man
who loved truth , honesty and fair-dealing
could support the measure before the council
Ho declared that ho preferred to die a poor
man rather than to be enriched by support
ing such legislation , and In closing his
remarks said that hU highest ambition -was
after he should have passed away from the
turmoils ot this life to have for an epitaph
upon his tombstone the simple encomium
"Hero lies an honest man "
BRADFORD'S ELOQUENT BLAST ,
Immediately upca the cloo ng of Mr. Jonos'
speech Hradford struggllngly waddled to hla
foot , SecurVg the attention of the chair ,
ho said la a squealing , squeaking sort of a
wall ( referring to Mr , Joncj oa "the gentle
man from Park Wild" ) :
"Mr. Preildcnt The distinguished member
ot this honorable council who h a juat cat
down declares that ha U an honest man ,
and , Air. President , I don't BUPPOIO he'd
toll a He about a matter of so little con.iu-
tjuence In a tien country ; but It lio'o as good
1414-16-18
& Co
Douglas St.
Just a few hints to give you an idea of the many
trade inducers we are showing the early spring buyers
Carpets
Oriental Dagdad Curtains Fringed atjop Alexander Smith Sons' Tapestry Brussels A corduroy or velour covered CflllCll
nnd bottom n. decided novelty and In nil the now and popular 2Mn ( vvltlc-0 foot long fringed nil
shown for lltst tlmo a pair , , , . . < > . 65c and 75c around full xprlng cdgo
A full Til ft Couch made in good conlu-
Same Bagdad Curtains Only plain. The all wool 2-ply Ingrains are still roy or velour best stuol springs sprlnjr 075
edge nicely fringed great value at JAn
top and bottom ti pall1. , . soiling nt Coc , 55c
aud An extra bargain in a CoilCll made in
Tcporc India Drapes A real oriental Thrcivplyat DUo. extra quality corduroy full slzo tufted JT > 25
novelty 30 Inches wide 8 yards long- A few patterns of Axmlnstcr bought audfringcdat ttm
each diapu novelty by itself much below price will bo sold at much l Full si'/.o Rokoko frame nicely tufted
cncli . ' value wo cnuld't soil these Axmlnjtcrs
and llnlshod \olour
extra
qualityolour 1ROO
in our regular lines for less than 81. 2,1) aillstio IcP
very paltorn
or$1.3o long as these last at . i. . .
Java Curtains In a great variety Q > 00 Also a complete line of finer Conches
of patterns and colors each made of special coverings IftSO Hfl
ranging in prices from IU UJJ
Bagdad Tapestry Couch Covers Now this
Many of these coverings are our own
seasontho Hrst tlmo shown In Otua-
season- ever
importations and cannot bo duplicated olse-
litt 08 inches wide 111 yards long whcro.
nothing like them over bhowu A new shipment of wool Smyrna rugs
hoforo lotnurknble f51) ) made in Philadelphia no kind of a nig will Our special is a full Turkish uphol-
values at \vc-ir as we'll c.scopt the Tuikish these ate lu stoicd Couch-all moss and hair filling o\tia
the largo toom. sizes aud vvu'vo marked the largo si/o quarter btnved oak or mahog
Rope Portieres For single doors con- prices lower than good Smyrna rugs have over any value Hnish i tm initbt frame too to it appreciate the
sidcicd good \alne nt $3. 5 been sold at bcfoio
this week only 0x9. . $12.50 0x10. . $20.00
7AxlU ( . . $20.00 9x12. . $24.00
Heavy French Tapestry Curtains in Louis
XV styles all thr now shades
n pair
A full weight ' 10-pound Mattress -nil
Aii Extra Quality Tapestry In empire , curled hair in No. 1 ticking full bl/o a special
gtcon , Pom pel ion led , oriental blue * AVo've more of those opaque JJxG foot iniido up lot that are above I'J'SO '
heavy valaneo fungo at top 7 oxtia values I
'
'b toady to hang at the awfully
and bottom low price of A J'nll siy.e extension foot Iron Bed
brass head and foot rail bi ass
DcnimcttS Light weight art denims trimmed throughout
ncnv uit pattei us choicest , colot inga All Brass Tulic Beds-
the liu gest assortment over full
bl/O
show n in Omaha A few of the 20 inch
more ex 07C Green enamel fine swell foot 550
tension i ods at
extension bi.iss tiinuncd bjd
Down Sofa Pillows 3c Full si'/.o white enamel Ued
Another lot of the 20-inch si/.e at. biabs t-inuned 250
Traveling Men's wimples of fine drapery Dressers suitable for iron beds
samples of silk < uiul tatin Damask heavy A few of the pample pieces left over polid onk swell front tolid brass han
tapestiy , hiiitablw for bofii pillows aud from our < iilo lust week all huvo boon put to dles ยง 12.50 wash stands to match
upholatci inches tquaid in < r i in u.il crape value size 27 gether on the fourth floor and the prices have 85.50.
fjom 82.50 to $7 per been mudc so low that it's useless to quote them
yaid these ' again will simply say they are all odd piece1- , Antique finish 2-piece suit dresser
samples at 73c , ( He , 50c. 3oc and price s at from i to i former prices many of tao and vvaahstand ono full car load to beheld
mobt desirable pieces yet remain. hold nt for the two pieces
and honest as he sajs he Is , ho needn't
talk about tombstones. IIo Is not of the
kind of folks that dlu'Tcud me burled anu
have mciiiimiiits ptijt ijp to them here on the
earth. He's too good and too honest for
itliat. He's so vlrtuoua ind pious that I think
lie's liable to bo translated any time , like
Elijah nnd thtyn other fello.vs . vvl-o wont up
by chariots of fire , lumber wagons and all
kincle of vehicles to glorj nnd the aires !
The gentleman from I'aik Wild , Mr. Prer.l-
dent , Is liable to be o.atclieJ from our midst
at any moment by some cherubim or sera
phim sent especially after him on account
of hla honesty nnd jnnkcd straight up to
the pearly gates of Paradise , when Peter
will ew'cig ' the doors wide open and Jerk
him right In and give him a scat amriig the
saved saints of heaven where ho can foievei
sing the glories of hla owr. honesty nnd
eternally dwell among the redeemed In Para
dise. And , Mr. President , -with my feelings
of recpect and regard for Mr. Jcats , I czn
but sny with the profoundest emotion that
I wish he was there now ! "
The foregoing Is very nearly -verbatim the
reply of IJradford to Jonra , but no mar. can
portray the portly , short and stubbed figuto
of Hradford. No i > wer of delineation can
depict his gesture with a lead pencil In his
right liEinl violently and spitefully tapping
a piece of white paper held between the
thumb and forefinger of the left hand. No
phonograph , with all its perfection of repro
duction of the Inflection , ! and Intonations
of the human voice , could represent justly
and completely the peculiarly btrldrmt tcuos
of Hradford , which were a t ort of cross or
h > brldlzatlon of the squeal of a pig or the
quack of a duck , delivered In a shrieking
soprano as the peroration of his staccato
eloquence.
In 1SGO Judge Bradford moved Into the
territory ot Colorado Ho Im-rpftlately became -
came a central figure In its -ja.ly pol.tlre.
He represented tbac territory in conguw.
IIo served Colorado also ns chief justlso of
Its supreme court , and , finally , some jcars
since , "passed over the rango" Into the mjs-
terics bojotid. His antagonist in that early
monetary debate , Hon. A. D. Jones , Is ttlll
with us , full of years and honors , tespscted
nnd beloved by all vho know him
J. STERLING MORTON.
Arbor Lodge , February 22.
CO.N.M III VMTIUS.
Mr. Gladstone ! Is ono of the greatest oppo
nents of divorce fn the nngl111 speaking
world , Ho believes that marriage Is a con
tract for Hfo.
It Is expected that the emperor of Austria
will soon announce ofilclally the betrothal
of the Archduchess IJIlzaborh. daughter of
the late Archduke Rudolf , with the joung
king of Spain , who was born In ISSfi , and \a \ ,
therefore , In his 12th yi < ar. The archduchess
is three years older.
Miss Nelllo I. Tavlcr nnd Paul D Qulggs
of Pargo were engaged on1 Nelllo was out of
town for a fuw dajs They exchanged the
following telegrams ami thoughtless ! ) signed
them by their Inltlalslfliily "Dear Nelllo :
Como homo to me Pap. Q. " "Hear Paul :
Am coming , my love "TV. I. T , "
Mlfis Charlotte Cranb , who was recently
snubbed by the Charleston society women.
Is In Missouri and Ifriilay sent the following
telegium "Roy Sallls , Tort Worth , Tex.
At last , jfs Now are you happy' " And pio-
sumably lto > Is , for , llko Mr. rinchliiK , ac
cording to Miss Crane , id has pioposed bin en
times .
Laura A Daly of tircenup , 111 , and Ed-
waid Cromctto vvero nurrled at that place
a fen ilavs ago. They.had novcr met until
the gloom en mo to claim Ida bilde. Miss
Daly was cmplojed'as'correspondent ' ' for a
rr-lijjlous publication , and her work attracted
Mr. Crometto's attrition. This led to a
courtship b > letter and an engagement to
mat ry. >
Ignatius Donnelly vfts married In Min
neapolis last Tucsdaj ( o Marlon Ollvo Hansen -
sen , a young woman of Scandinavian birth
and 22 jcaru of age 'Mr. ' Donnelly evinced
a dcslro to put as much fientlment Into hli
wedding as posrlblo , aim his nurrlago II-
cenao was taken out on St. Valentino H day ,
with the wedding sot for the an.ilversary of
the birth , of "Washington. Thu wedding waa
an elaborate function , over 100 Invitations
being Issued , besldeu a general Invitation
through the newspapers to any ono who had
been overlooked ' .Mr. and Mrs Donnelly
left Tuesday evening for an extended east
ern trip. They will re-eldo at Nlnlnger ,
Minn , where Mr Donnelly wrote all of his i
lltcrar ) productions , and where three jeura >
ago lie begged his constituents not to uend I
him back to the legislature , a ho was grow
ing HO old that hi ] ugejulncia vvas Impaired ,
and ho could not bear and understand what
vvas being done.
CARP TO WRITE FOR THE BEE
Famous Correspondent on His Way to
South America ,
A TWENTY-FiVE-THOUSAND-MILE J3URNEY
Si-rlcs of ] Jc'irrliU | ' 7i'H TH li } Thin
I'onulnrVillcr mill " \\Vll KIHM > II
Lecturer Soon to He < ; i\ou
< o HcnilurN of The lice.
WIthlti the next few weeks The Ueo will
begin the publication of the most remarkable
scrlcfl of letters ever published In n no\vo-
paper. This series will describe the South
American continent as It Is In 1S9S. It
will bo the result of a tour which will cost
thousands' ' of dollars and which will fiiclud"
travels of moro than 25,000 in lira for up-to-
date Information.
The tour vvas begun by Mr. Trank O. Car
penter when he sailed from New York the
other day for the Isthmus of Panama. lie
has already landed nt Colcn cm ] is now In
vestigating the condltlcm of the Panama
canal , upon which ( something llko 2,000 men
are now working. Crossing the Isthmus ,
Mr. Carpenter will travel down along the
Pacific coast of South America to the lot-
\om \ ot our hemisphere to the Strait of Magel
lan , stopping at the various ports acid mak
ing extensive expeditions Into the Interior.
Ho will stop for a whllo In Ecuador , will
travel extensively on the plateau of Dollvla
nnd will make hla way by mule and fatage
through some of the wildest parts of the
AndCrf. Howill visit Lake Tltlcaca , the
highest lake In the world which is navignted
by steam , nnd will report en the husucta
conditions of Peru and Dollvla end the
chances for American investments there.
An Interesting part of his tour will bo
a Journey from the toiw of the Andes
through the wild wilds of Bolivia dowti Into
Chill , crossing the great ralnlcaj zctio , and
spending rome tlmo In tlio nltrato fields
which have nindo eo many men rich.
He will visit the gold regions of Bolivia ,
Chill and Peru , which are enld to far sur
pass the Klondike In rlchnccs , rnd from the
southern part of Chill will mnko h'a way
on down to the bottom of thu contlapnt ,
where are other wonderful gold fields.
After extensive travels In Chill and Pata
gonia" , Including a Journey Into the Andc , *
mouritaliia to drscrlbo the work now bujig
done on the Trtasandcan road , Mr. Carpenter
will sail for Terra del Puego , and will there
vlblt a country Inhabited by bavages , Home
of whom llvo 'n hoka In the ground , nncj
will thui make his way up the Atlantic
coatit of Patagonia and on 'nto ' that wondo
ful countrj , the Argentine Republic.
In the Argentine he wtll viait llio vvhrat
fields which compcto so greatly with our
farmers , will Investigate , the cotton Indiw
to , which Is rapidly gnnv'ng , and vvll |
travel for thoujaiids of ml Ira over thin land ,
which U as large as all of the United
States east of the Mississippi river
After describing the capital of niiem/ / ?
Ares , which Is almost as large as Phila
delphia , Mr Cm pouter will make an cx-
peditlun of ( something llko 2 000 miles on
the Rio do La Plata and Parana rivers , rid
ing far up Into Parngua ) and visiting Itij
capital. Ho will nleo travel uxUialvuly III
Urugna ) aud bouthern Brazil.
In Hrodl ho will vis.t the great coffea
region of the world , will make a trip In
thu diamond nilncu , epcnd some time at Rio
Janeiro , cad among other expeditions , wlj |
travel moro than 2,000 miles on the Amazon
river , exploring some of tlio wildest aii ( |
least IIIOYUI parts of our homlL'phcre ,
OOOD THINQS IN STOIU3.
Mr Carpenter's newspaper expedition It
taken at the cxpci so of The Iloo and BOIIIL.
of tbo other leading newspapers of ( lip
United State * , who wish to glvo to tliQlf.
readers a plain , practical , common-tenqp
description of what Is going on In Souh |
America , Ho liaw Instructions to Invcalf-
gate the rcfcourcfn of the various coueitrlcq
to describe In detail vvhnt Americana afp
doing there and to look up the i > o > ilbllltl ( , ?
In the dlffunat countries for American trau | ]
and American manufactured Ho la Inapt
a commUslocer forJau American pooplu jo
describe for th m Just the thlnga they vv-i't
to Kciow about this comparatively unknown
continent. He will also describe how the
people of the various countries act an 1
jive , how our sister republics mani-go their
bualnecs and the other curious features or
life above nnd below the equator.
There are few travelers who start out on
such an expedition so well equipped for good
work as does Mr. Carpontrr He will 'iave
w Ith him during the most of his Journeys ex
cellent photographers and his le'iers will
h < > accompanied by Illiibtrattoiib and photo
graphs made upon the ground His oxtc'iMvo
tiavels covering nearly every part of the
world and his long residence nt Washington
invo given him a wide acquaintance and he
< vill also have the assistance of our dlplo
mats nnd consuls In carrying out his plans
He Is well equipped with Ictteis from the
State department at Washington , with In
troductions from the chief of the Iturcaii of
American Republics , and In connection with
faimlng mattcis ho goes 1)j thu appointment
of Secretary Wilson as a honoiary commh-
sloncr of the Department of Agriculture
This expedition cannot but be of enormous
value to our readers. It will bring forth
Information that cannot bo found In the
libraries , which vvlll bo full of suggcstloni
and Information for the business men and
at the simo time < bo interesting to nil. It
Is , In fact , the exploration of a comparatively
unknown land by a trained observer and a
well equipped newspaper man.
Speaking of our business Interests abroad ,
the tour vvas planned because It is l > ? llevcd
that South America Is destined to bo ono of
the thief news center. ? for the pcoplo of the
United States. The day Is past when
America can rely upon her homo trade to
feed her factories Prom now on , our busi
ness is to cover the world Wo are already
reaching out toward Huropo. England
trembles 'when she views the increase of
American products Into her home markets.
Our machinery Is now 'being ' Introduced Into
most every city of Uurope and wo nro making
heavy shipments to Asia.
South America naturally belongs to us , and
our trade t litre Is steadily Increasing It Is
nothing to what It will bo and Mr. Car-
I'uuicr uciicvcs umi no is in ino auvance
guard of a movement which will result In
opening the greatest Held for commerce and
money making that the United States nas jet
had. He nays that wo are Junt on the edge
of another era In our national life , the com
mercial era , and that wo are to look , not
at home , but to the world , for our trade ,
rhtro mo today ncores of inir ueoplu who.
are scattered over South America Some
have concessions for gold and silver mines.
Others are making fortunes by raising couVo
and others have vast rubber Interests on the
\mazon There ara a half dozen different
onccbslons which havoibeen rccuntlj granted
o America to build railroads on the I'uclllc
coast of South America , and It Is an Ameri
can who la hulldlng the gap which remains
In the great railroad across the continent
from the Pacific In Chili to the Atlantic at
DucnoH Ayrcs There nro American colonlei ,
In South America engaged In agriculture nnd
stock raising , anil thert > are American trad'
qrs on the upper Amazon whoso business
Is with the wild Indians of those regions
iMr Carpenter will tell Just what our pcoplo
are doing In these different countries nnd
7/111 show what chances there- are In the
different countries for American muscle ,
brains and capital.
Aside from the business Interests , Mr
Carpenter's letters will bo of groU vnluo to
all Ho has long been known an one of " 11
most careful and nccurnto of correspondent1 !
IIo li'ia the pov er of dchcrlptlon whMi
ttansports his renders to the i.cencs ho ( In
scribes. The ) teem to ho tiavollng will
him , and In this respect his letters are o
great vlauo to chlldicn an well as Kro.w
people , us they will glvo a goographlia
Knowledge of the countries ami puojilo whlcl
can bo found nowhere clso
PERSONALITY OK THi : WRITER.
It la unnecessary however , for iw to ES >
inythlng to our readerti us to the work o
Mr. I'runk Carpenter Ho has long heoi
Vnown au ono of the best of travel corrc1
rfponduntu. IIo seems to l.avo an Instinct
, \hlch tilln him whttro trouble U going to
break out nuxt , ) > o tl'at ho may got there In
Umo to tell the t.torj It vias this huLlnct
that sent him lo Russia at thu tlmo of thu
famine- , and this ir.udo him take hla tour of
25.COO mllm tlitougli China , Jju.ui
and Korea Just beforetho great
war between China nnd Jap'ti II
arrived In Itimila nt the eamu tlmo
wlih I'ralerlvk Remington and Poiiltnoy
IHgi'low , who , It will bo rornomljored , ro-
inilfod but llvo c1a ) In the lard ot the ciu *
ni.il then left In despair Mr Carpenter
jooialuc-d tlireo months anil traveled moro
than S.OOO miles In the fnmlno dim lets , flv-
Ing n wonderful plrjtino of Russln and the
Russians , , which was Illustrated hj photo
graphs nude cspechlly for the rzar , but
duplicated bv thn Russian ofilrhls for Air.
Carpcntui In his Asiatic t ur Mfaicti -
tor pave the best information that was fur-
nlshol from the far east jt that tl'nc HU
Interview n with U Hung Clung Cotat Ito
of Jap in mil the king of .Flam were cf the
srcaUrtt vnluo ontl Interest
In Ills present tourMr fnrppnti'r Oil iks
ho will bo us close to thi news as he i In
Iis9l He will have lliti ? ! vl-wg wl'h thn
= ! iD.itcst of tinpreslletlls of thn Snu'h
American ie ; iblcs. ! who , thrnitli ; him will
tell us vl .jt thc > > think of the Mi moo do -
trine , the dpstlny of Hie two continent i mil
throinli him will aid In brm lrs the t' HP I
States Into a dojor touch with thn countries
over which they i ulo.
There are fp\v hotter Intel vlcvrirs nirong
tlio journalists of todav thnn Mr Cirpou'er. '
During lib tilp around the woild eight join
ago ho Interv lowed the Icvullng monarch !
an 1 Htatcrtmen of the various countries Ho
has a wonderful power of gvttlng at people
and of o'lcltliiK Information fiom them
upon mutters of public and pei onal Interest.
Ho had n long conversation with the Ulo
khodlvo nf E > pt just before his death Ho
chattel In his palace at Athens with King
George of Greece , BIW the Bultan nt Con
stantinople and Interviewed rajihs nndi 1113-
ImraJaliH galore When ho vvas In Mexico
President Diaz give him a full page Inter
view on the things irost of Int real be
tween us and our sister republic , mid vv'ion '
ho was In Ru&ila ho had Mlk.s with the lead
ing Russian statesmen , and on hlj wny
there seemed an Intel view with Prlnco Dls-
marck at KrledrlcliHruhe.
llio first of Mr. Carpenter's South Ameri
can letters will liu published on ono of the
Sundays of March and thu series will run
through the Sunday H of the following year ,
ono letter being found In each of our Sun-
diy Isoiica during that time.
West Virginia Is now producing moro hlgli-
grade petroleum than any other Htate In tha
union.
One's physical feelings , like the faitlififl
ncttcr , Bcaich nnd point out plainly the
fact of disease or litnlth
If a nun i is not feeling well nnd vigorous
If lie n losing flesh and vitality , if lie it
listless , nervous , sleepless , he ccrtmnly it
not well. The down liill road from health
to mcl.iic'is is smooth nnd declines rnjnclly.
At the first intimation of diseasethu
VVRQ | man tnl.cs u pure , himplc vegetables
tonic. It puts Ills digestion into good ac
tive order nnd that puts thereht nf hit
body in order Ihc medicine thnt will do
this it a medicine Hint is ifood lo take in
any trouble of thu blood , the digestion , or
thu respiration , no matter liovv serious it
jnay have become.
The medicine to tal.c is Dr. Pierce1 *
Golden Medical Discovery. It is n remark
able remedy. It cures diseases in a per
fectly natural way , without the use o !
strong drugs It cnrcn by helping Nature- .
It has n peculiar tome effect on thu lining
membranes of thu Htomach and bowels.
Iy ! putting these membranes into healthy
condition , btlmulatinif the secretion of thu
vatioiis digestive juice * and furnishing to
the blood the proper purifying properties ,
it teaches out over tne whole- body and
drivei discise.Kcrius before it into the
usual rxcictory channels. It builds up
film muscular flesh , males the skin and ,
the eyes bright.
Dr. I'lercc'tf Golden Medical Discovery
has been found wonderfully efficacious in
the tleatmenl of elin diseases tczcma ,
tetter , erysipelas , salt rheum from com.
won pimples or blotctics to the worst case
of eciofulo.

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