Newspaper Page Text
m FIELD OF ELECTRICITY
Tilephono Ocmpaniei Call Up & Victory fa
CONGRESS CANNOT REDUCE CHARGES
Effect of Men in nn.l Trolley Uno loin
lirlltlon Limit tHntnncr Tr.ni.
in Oilier Line.
The right of congref to regulate tele
phone charges In the District of Columbia
as Judicially determined In the negative
let week. Tbo laat congress pawl a bill
making $60 the maximum charge for tele
phone service in the District. The telephone
company resisted enforcement of the law
by appealing to the court. The' District
commissioner!) and pa.rons of the company
also appealed to the courts. After much
wrangling an agreed case was submitted to
an equity court and a decision rendered in
favor of the company. In nubstance the court
holds that the art of congress is unconsti
tutional, and that It the complainants have
any remedy against tbo action of the com
pany in removing 'phones of persona who
refused to pay tho company rate of f TO
per month, it is ut law instead of in equity.
Coiiiix-t itloii Im-renm- Truffle.
The competition of fleam and trolley lines
for local trafflo materially increases the
bURlncss both struggle for. AVheu trolley
lines htretched out beyond the old horse car
limit and came Into nharp competition with
the railroads, it was predicted that the
division of the traffic would not pay, and
that one of the two would be forced from the
field. Kxpcrlcnco proves tho contrary. Im
proved facilities, prompt service, low rates
and better accommodations have so Increased
the trafnc between given points as to yield
satisfactory returns to the competitors. An
Illustration of this fart is furnished by tbo
Hartford Courant. "We take no stock," says
tho Courant, "in the notion that trolley lines
are Injurious to the steam rendu. They are
great builders of trade centers. They relieve
the steam road of some, local travel, but
they bring enough more to more than make
good the loss, and the growth of cities and
towns by their agencies means a largo in
crease of freight to be carried. A few figures
will support tills notion. Lonk at them. Here
aro the comparisons between 1810 and 1&9D
on steam roads:
rassengtrs carried 5.l.iv3.;rt2 f2tM!S
I'afsenger receipts tl5.4ji),335 JID.syC.'.'t
The actual number of parsengers did de
creawo about 3,000,000, but the Income from
pautcngers increased about $450,000. And
meanwhile tbo tonnage Increased from
about 14.500,000 to nearly 16,000.000, or over
1,400,000 tons, and the receipts from freight
increased about $2,300,000. Here's a general
increase of Hbout $2,750,000.
"While the steam business has been In
creasing In this fashion, the trolley Interest
has become Ittelf great. Last year the pas
sengers carried by trolley were fi9.0S4.70;.
This la actually a greater number than were
carried by steam. The revenue of the trol
ley lines was $3,010,000. No one can my
exactly how these two interests are related
to each other, but the evidence Is pretty
strong that they help each other more than
they hurt, and that the increased earnings
of tho steam roads are duo In part to the
development of the trolley lines. Evidently
there is at present room enough for both in
Illectrnlj ln nnil Steel llllll.llnua.
Is electrolysis endnngcrlng the foundations
of steel and iron-framed buildings-? This is
h question that has been causing some dis
cussion of late. About a year and n half ngo
this OucsftWn wrts brought up In relation to
tbo high buildings In Chicago, resulting In
an unofficial Investigation being made. This
examination is said to have shown that al
though stray electric currents were at work
at the foundations of some of the structutes,
the rate at which electrolytic action was
KOlng on was so slow that no drastic meas
ures were deemed necessary. In Cleveland
this Important qucBt'on has been discussed
theoretically by architects, engineers and
electricians, but no definite conclusion has
boon arrived at. One well known architect
discussing the matter recently is reported
as saying: "I havo been unable to find in
any buildings any effect frc-m electrolysis
There are several things which would pre
vent this. Tho first Is that In all of the large
buildings the Insurance underwriters de
mand the most careful kind of Insulating
on all electric wires, and a careful exam
ination Is made before they aro covered.
This prevents tho electric current from get
ting Into the structural work. If in some
a wire should become bare and form
a short circuit, the point of the wire
at which it touched the beam would bo t-o
much smaller than the beam Itself that there
is good rcaron to believe that tho wire
would be consumed long before the beam
or truss would bo affected to any great ex
tent. It might be possible, although I have
never heard of a case, for tho pipes in a
building where there Ih a large amount of
electricity to bo affected by electrolysis, but
as far as I can learn there has been no
effpet discovered In tbo steel structural
buildings." That the hulls nf steel esscls
aro not affected by electrolytic action In the
samo way that burled water pipes are Is no
sign that the foundations of steel buildings
would not dcterlcrato through the action of
stray currents, owing to the very different
conditions existing. In the case of a vessel
the area of contact between the hull and the
grounding medium or the salt water is to
grat as to causp practically no resistance
to tho patsago of a current, whereas In
high metal structures the grounding modlum
Is cement, which, owing to the presence of
unpacked lime, i neither a good conductor
of an electric current or a perfect insulator.
In Chicago electrolytic action was attributed
In part to stray trolley currents, which it
wnr claimed passed from the clay 60ll to tho
ttlcel beams or rails in tho foundation piers,
and thenco to the supporting columns of
th buildings. In cities such as Chicago
and Cleveland, where the overhead trolley
U extensively made uso of. stray currents
might possibly affect the foundations or
steel-framed buildings in the way inen-
Sufferers from Indigestion,
Insomnia or Kindred Troubles.
taken with meals
and at bed time
will assist the dieestive functions
and thorouchly tonr up the whole
system. This liquid malt extract
appeals particularly to the nurs
ing mother it possesses the
properties most essential.
TRY BLATZ MALT-VIVINE.-
PEEP'O BY VAL BLATZ BBEWIN0 CO.MILWAUIEF
1412 PougUs St.
tloned. but in New York City little danger
Ij apprehended by properly owners on thU
score, as the electrical survey that hava
been made from time to time in the Borough
of Manhattan have shown that there are I
but few sts on the island where strsv 1
trolley currents exist. I
I.onn Dlotiincc Trim mill union of I'oHrr
It is proposed by a Michigan company to
carry u current of 40.000 volts ninety miles,
viz.: to Allega. Kalamazoo, Battle Creek
and Jackson, the last named being ninety
miles from the dam. Some two years ago
the Kalamazoo company was formed for
tho purpose of converting the power of the
Kalamazoo river Into electrical energy and
transmitting it to the surrounding towns.
A dam has beta built that will give a head
of thirty-two feel and the lines to Kala
irazoo, twenty miles away, and to Allogan,
some five miles from the dam, are In opera
tion at n pressure of 25,300 votls, the volt
age to be iucreaied to 40,000 on the com-1
plctlon of the lino-to Jackson. The dam has '
all modern Improvements. There arc eight
turbines of the Leffel horizontal pattern,
aggregating 3,000 horse-power; the generator
Is a throc-phase alternating current dynamo
of an Improved type; Its voltage co full load '
Is 2.300. with a rated capacity In amperei
on each phase of S77. and a horse-power of i
2,500 to 2,700. There arc three mammoth '
transformers, four feet In diameter and nine
feet high; the current enters them at a
pressure of 2,300 volts, and leaves them at
a pressure of 2fi,3W volts, and while the
pressuie of this secondary current Is eleven
times at great as that of the current en
tering the transformers tho quantity of cur
tent or number of amperes is only one
eleventh as great. Dr. Louis Dell, lit Cas
sler's Magazine, gives an able summary of
the practice and possibilities of the trans
mission of electric power. He points out
tha' at the present time 10,000 volts may
be considered as the standard working pres
sure for most distances, that there arc no
difficulties encountered in raising the volt
age to 20,000, and there is at present one
largo transmission system which is lu prac
tical operation Ht 40,000 volts. Deyond this
limit, however, tho difficulties of further In
creasing the pressure appear to bo insur
mountable, as the medium In which tho
transmission is conducted, tho air, breaks
down about that point and no longer acts
as an insulator, so that a large amount of
energy leaks oft from the line, and the high
pressure- in tullkltntly powerful to puncture
almost any Insulating medium of the size
that could bo utilized practically for the
insulation of the transmitting circuit line.
Tho insulation of euch lines in oil tubes
either underground or supported overhead
offers little hope, as tho difficulty Is not only
to find a cheap non-conductor that will hold
oil successfully, but the effects of resonance
are a serious matter and theory offers no
practical method of preventing them. Then,
too, the protection cf such lines from light
ning is another serious and important prob
lem, as the arresters usually employed
for that purpose have to be set with con
siderable air gar to prevent the working
pressure from constantly striking across. As
regard the. distance of electrical transmis
sion, that is merely one of commercial limi
tations to transmissions up to eighty or 100
miles, several large plants being in success
ful operation at thoe distances. Experience
and commercial limitations have demon
strated that the transmission of from 400 to
1,200 horse-power at distances from fifteen
to twenty-six miles will pay under usual
circumstances. From twenty-five to fifty
miles many plants will pay where the cir
cumstances are particularly favorable, and
In a few exceptional cases, where hydraulic
power rights are particularly cheap and
fuel at tho point of delivery exceptionally
high, will pay in distances up to 100 miles.
Tho transmitting lines for such plants are
particularly reliable, the wire being very
heavy and tho poles necost-arlly strong to
carry It. so that weather ha practically no
effect whatever upon such a line. The great-
os. damage has resulted from smaller wires
falling across the high voltagti lines.
KlretrlcHv on Modern CminU.
The. opening of the Chicago drainage
canal lends special interest to the part which
electricity is playing in the operation of
the great modern canals of modern Eu
rope. One of the most interesting of the
many ways In which electricity is utilized
on the new German canal from Dortmund
to the Ems is as a means of propelling the
heavy towboats. A trolley has been built
along one bank of the waterway, from
which a motor engine gets its power. This
engine travels along a track, closely fol
lowing the windings of the canal and pulls
it-, fleet of loaded towboats after It. lc
this way tho damage which would bo done
to tho earthworks on either hide of the ca
nal by the undulating motions -of a steamer
is entirely avoided. Experiments have
proved that this meanB of transportation
is from "0 to 40 per cent cheaper than
steam with an annual traffic of 3,500,000
tons. At the same tlmo tho plant which
furnUhes power for the towing engines sup
plies all necessary lights for tho canal, as
well as tho power for operating the lock3.
On many of tho canals of rrance a similar
scheme is used, though in that country tb
traction engine used In towing travels along
an ordinary road, no rails being laid. On
other French canals power taken from the
trolley wire along the banks is utilized by
fastening a moveable motor and revolving
screw to the stern of each towboat.
iKIrctrlolf ' nt the lluffnlo Show.
In tbo Tan-American exposition to bo
held at Buffalo f?cxt year it is proposed to
give the most brilliant electrical display
ever attempted. The main buildings will
be grouped around a court of fountains,
bunken gardens of tropical flowers and an
eFplanade. This inclosure of SjO.ooO ?ejuai
feet will be lighted by over 100.000 incan
descent lamps. At ono end of tbo court
an electrical tower will rise 300 feet. From
the tower, at the height of seventy feet, a
cataract thirty feet wide will fall, the water
breaking up as it descends under the play
of prismatic lights. Surrounding the tower
Is to bo a water basin with nn area of 80,000
square fert, and into thlt, adorned with
foi'ntalna and statuary, will now a cascade.
The electric illumination will extend to a
large park lake surrounded by rising lawns
and to tho "grand canal" encircling a large
pcrtlon of tho grounds.
I'nk. Hill Acnlul Mliit.
AI.PANV. N. Y , Feb 15 -Tho bill le
pcallns tho so-culled Uorton law, which
permits boxing mutches In the state, was
(assed In the nmumbly ti-dav. the vote
standing 9." yens to 36 nays The bill hns
r.ow con- to ihe senate, where it will be
. . nt-ldcred by the codes committer
.Vno:irl mill .VIINinirlniit,
Tour t f tho newspaper In Andrew counv
n edited ey preacher' front.
t.ninshtone county Is ayuln agitating the
tJuti..n if building a new court houi-e.
'hllt'i ottm preachers have caust1 the city
ia&s to sunprch the blot machines th' iv
Platte 'ltv want strt-ot livhtb. It is
modfbt in it demandk and asks for only
A Hopkins girl recently btought h-r diffi
dent liner to tlmo by prerntlng him wl h
The citizens of Clay county will soon de
cide by election whether they will incur i.n
Indebtedness of $20,000 by building a new
Jail. While removing the rocks fi-"m nn aban
doned well at Cameron uho other day nine
snakes of different variety made their ap
pearance Fillmore claims the distinction of produc-l-g
the largest hog tn that part of the
cour.tr The porker when alive weighed
The president of the Woman's Christian
Tempcran. union of Bethany it offrring f6
f r evidence to swure the conviction of ai.y
person selling liquor.
Ore ' f BrooktUild's lawyers has in his pos
wrslon an nstract of 160 acres nf land in
hurlt n rounty that was owned by Ik -ir
l la Tile consideration was & hMllnc
On Oi titx-r 14. HS. the land was deeded by
Henry Clay and wife to another pem the
rurrhaeo money amounting th a time u
THE OMAHA DAILY BEE: FRIDAY. FEDUUAHY 10, 1900.
; 1 MAJOR MCLFORD'S VALENTINE
r. . . n. ...... i . ,
is 1 DlTorce Dtcrfis nd 11,9(3 at tte
Court Houss After Long Dslij.
DASHING OFFICER PAYS COSTS AT LAST
rom rnr-Aniij Mniilln Major Slul
foril Mnko Arriiiiur.iiriitn to
trleatc llluinelf from Mnt
Late in the afternoon on St, Valentine's
day there wag filed in the ofllco of District
Clerk Broadwell a decree of divorce sepa
rating Anna Belle Pope Mulford from Major
Harry U. Mulford. A bystander remarked
that the document was a valentine for the
Although this decreo of divorce was not
filed until Wednesday evening. It was
granted by Judge Fawcctt of equity court
November 20, of last year. The Cling was
delayed pending payment of court co.te an
obligation which devolved upon Major Mul
ford. Meanwhile, ho was In a somewhat un
enviable predicament, for within a few hours
of the divorce trial In Judge Fawcett'a
court Major Mulford married a California
woman. It was the opinion of competent
lawyers that in doing so ho had taken a
plurality of wives, for a divorce decree Is
not effectle, so lawyers say, until It has
been properly filed In the office of the dis
trict clerk, and It would not be accepted for
filing until costs were paid.
The divorce proceedings were Instituted
by Mrs. Mulford. and the major allowed the
case to go by default, he being In California
at that time. Two days after his marriage
to the California woman, whom he met In a
romantic manner, he sailed for tho Philio-
pints. His bride followed him a few weeks
Miiii'ki .Neiv Mrs. Mulford.
Before the new Mrs. Mulford left for the
Philippines she was apprised by newspaper
dispatches of the status of her husband's
matrimonial affairs in Omaha. This did
not however, deter her-from following him
to is new field of operation, but In the
meantime communication was opened with
interested parties at this end of the Hue
7 ho major's second wife was Miss Nellie
Markland, said to bo the daughter of a
highly rcspectablo San Francltco family.
Her mother became Interested In Major Mul
ford's affairs. Just what kind of a lecture.
If any, the major received from his wife
and mothcr-ln-law, is not on record, but
something must have been done to incite
him to action, for ho exhibited indifference
Prominent attorneys are authority for the
statement that had Mrs. Mulford, the first
wife, been so Inclined, she could havo had
tho divorce decree set aside, Immediately
after the major's second marriage. Then
ho would have found himself in a most em
barrassing dilemma. But Mrs. Mulford de
clined to take such action. As soon as
the divorce was granted by Judge Fawcctt
she left for Washington City, her former
home, where she Is living with relathcs.
It Is said she Is heartbroken. Her allega
tions upon which she secured divorce were
extremu cruelty and desertion.
When Judge Fawcett, the trial court, heard
that Major Mulford bad married before the
divorce decree had been recorded, bo taid:
"If Mrs. Mulford makes application to me
to have that decreo set aside I will grant her
request in two minutes."
MrN. Mulford Ik I'opulnr.
Mrs. Mulford is well known in Omaha is
a most estimable woman, who shrinks from
such notoriety as would have resulted had
she caused the decree to be nullified. She
has many Influential friends in this city.
Just where the money for costs came from
and bow Major Mulford was induced to make
payment is not clearly established. He may
have sent the money from tho Philippines,
or friends in this country may havo ad
vanced it for him. All that is knor.-n is that
a friend of Major Mulford, living in Lincoln,
brought the required amount to Omaha and
settled the issue.
By the termE of divorce Major Mulford
must pay to his divorced wife $K.OOO ali
mony. It is payable in Installments of
$1,000 por j ear. The Mulfords have a son,
the cubtody of whom was awarded to the
mother. Before Harry Mulford entered
army bervlre he was a bank clerk in South
Omaha and was so popular that his prospects
appeared to be of the brightest. Ho mar
ried his first wife in Washington City in Oc
tober. 1RSS. For heveral joars they were
prominent In Omaha social affairs.
COl'NTY ATTOIIMiVS HA I) AVOItIC,
-Kl'Cto to ArrnlKii n 1'rUouer nnd
Cne i Thrown Out.
Tbe first thing Judge Baker did when he
opened court yctterduy was to dismiss th
easo of tho State againtt George McClure,
who stood charged with attempting a crim
Tho county attorney had neglected to ar
raign the priboner for pleading and the op
posing counsel took advantage of that tech
nl .thsy to set his client free. When the
mai.er was called to Judge Baker's attention
lengthy argument resulted. Tho deputy
county attorney in charge of the cabc wanted
to explain. Judge Baker gave him ample
opportunity. Page after page was read from
a ponderous array of law books and at the
adjournment of court Wednesday cvcnlnc
tho matter was btill unsettled. The author
ities cited r.ecmcd to agree that a prisoner
cannot be plnccd In Jeopardy for the aamt
crime but once and it was held that when
ever a Jury 1b sworn to try a case the de
fendant l ia jeopaidy. It was further held
that until a defendant makes a plea there
is no issue before the court.
Judge Baker instructed the Jury to find
a verdict for the defendant and MsClure
walked away from the court house In great
glee. Laura Birch was the complaining wit
ness. This l only ono of many instances
where defendants have been set free with
out trial, becaube of some blunder on tb(
part of the county attorney. One of tht
roost recent cases is that cf James Crandall
charged with burslary. After tbo Jury haa
been sworn It developed that the prcsecu
lion bad omitted to summon the most im
portant witnesses, so thero was no alterna
live but to dismiss tho case.
To llrciii it lliuiWriiit' AkxelK.
Thursday afternoon Robert E. Lee Herd
man, trustee of the estate of L. L. Thotna
and L- L. Thomas & Co., bankrupts, filf
a bill In equity against Huyden Bros.. Med
& Olmstead and the Commercial Nations
bank, the suit growing out of the failure o
L. L. Thomas & Co.
The bill recites that the bankrupt com
pany was tbe proprietor of tbe shoe depart
roent of Hayden Bros', department store an ,
that ahortly before they filed their petltlot
In bankruptcy, and while that act wjs con
template. It told, or protended to brll, tij
ono Arthur Hazcltcn tho Hock of boots an !
shoes, which was worth $25,000 or JS0.0O
for tbe sum of $S.5fti: that the money to
tho purchase was furnished by Hayden Dror
and that when the stock was paid for the
sum of $1,200. owed by tbe bankrupt ecu
pany to the Haydens, was retained by tia
firm, together with $2,500, which was pal
to the Commercial National bank on a dtt
owed by Thoma & Co.. but not then due
that of tbe proceeds $500 was paid to McCo
& Oltnttcad em n prc-cxUtIng debt and u
attornejs fees In the bankruptcy proceed
lags; that $250 was spent by the member
of the firm in a trip to Colorado and tha
the remaining $4,000 was paid into the hand
of tho trustee after he bad qualified.
The trustee now asks the court to declar
the sale to Hazelton to bo null and void, a
also the bUbseaurcit transfer tn Hov,
I further, that the payments to Hayden, t
M'Coy Olmstead and to the bank be de
dared to be a preference of tlaims as for
bidden by law and to issue au order loa
the money be rU ln;o the band cf the
trustee. The case comes up at the May
slim; tiii: wiihc-kim; compam.
Kmployo Injured Willie Dciiiol lull I ti k
II ii I ltl I tin Wnnl l)iimnsc.
Three suits, Instituted against the Chi
cago Wrecking company In the Douglas
county district court, have been transferred,
upon the application of the defendant, to
the I'nlted States circuit court. The first
case is that of Edward Cramton. a former
employe of the company, who wants J25.0O0
damages for Injuries received by reason of
a timber falling upon him while be was
helping to demolish the mining building at
the exposition grounds, which resulted In
the dislocation of his right arm and the
breaking of five ribs.
August Neck, a former employe of the
company, wants $5,000 damages for Injuries
received by falling from a timber upon
which he was standing while wrecking the
liberal arts building. As the remit of this
fall his hand and wrist were so lacerated
that ho'has never recovered the use of them.
Thomas Barlow, who asks $5,000 damages,
has besn unable to uso one of his feet since
It was struck by n board thrown from a
high place while be was employed In wreck
ing the auditorium. Thise three cases will
come up at the May term of court.
Autt'B of tile Court.
The tedious and many-aided Dodd hlldren
case Is still holding the attcnt; in of Judae
Kstelle. The point at Issue row Is applica
tion to havo set aside the habta? corpus
Judgment rendered by the late Judge Scott.
Some tlmo during this week. It is ex
pected that Judge Kstelle will hnnd down
his decision tn the mandamus action of tho
county commissioners against Arbn Frank
ex-clerk of the district court, ine decision
will be written.
W. S. Babcock, the South Omaha police
Judge whote seat Is being or, tested by Pat
rick King, and against whom Judge Kev
sor has rendered a decision, wants a new
trial. Application was filed In the district
clerk's office this morning The usual al
legations i-f error arc set forth.
John XI. Sloan, who claims to be a llneai
descendant of .Michael Darnda. who married
the IndUn woman, Taeglaha lladinJu cf
the Omaha tribe, has instituted suit ugainst
the United States government to compel the
secretary of the interior to recocnlzo his
right to enter land under the ad of i.oir.-''ss
setting aside lands to be entered in sever
alty by members of the Omaha tribe.
AVVO.MI.Mi' ritKllls TOItlf MIM
umber of Vnlunlilc Dlsrut eric Are
Mnilr of Ancient ltiic-.
CHEYENNE, Wyo.. Fob. 10 (Special )
Prehistoric mines of greater extent than
aro known to exist ilsewhero in America
havo been found near Hartvlllc. Joseph L.
Stein, a mine operator, who Is probably bet
ter acquainted with this field than any
other man, was In Cheyenne today on his
way cast and urged the desirability of hav
ing an investigation made by the government
or some of the larger universities.
All the evidence, says Mr. Stein, seems to
point to the existence In Wyoming previous
to the coming of tbo Indians of a people
differing from them in many essential re
spects. Thirty miles north of Hartvlllc are
ancient mine workings, shafts and tunnels
more than one square mile In extent. Noth
ing hat. been found to show tho methods by
which tho mines were worked. No tradltlots
acnong the Indians tell of the people whom
they supplanted and the Indians themselves
resorted to the mines only for a supply of
ochre which they used as paint. This was
perhaps the object of tha older miners.
Knives, spearheads and axes found there
are all of the rude workmanship of the stone
age, and although copper and Iron ores were
taken out, no implements made from these
metals have been found.
Of the age of the mines there seems to be
no doubt. Paint mills, hammers and neck
laces were found by Mr. Stein at depths of
from sixteen to twenty feet under a solid
formation, the making of which must have
required many centuries.
Nearer Hartvllle are caves onco used for
human habitation. One of the skulls found
there has been sent to tbe Smithsonian In
stitution, but its classification is not yet
Lund Hill In Minth Dnkotn.
PIERHE. S. D., Feb. 13. (Special.) The
holders of siuill bunches of cattlo on the
rango are strosuly opposed to the leasing
bill now before congress, which pro
vides for lousing government lands west
of the ninety-ninth meridian in large tracts
for grazing purposes. The small holders
take tho position that if such a bill should
become a law they would be crowded off the
rango by the men or corporations who are
financially able to lease any amount of land
they want and cut tbe cnan with a ".v bead
of cattle out of any range privilege. The
holder of large bunches of cattle say it will
work Just la tbo opposite direction. That
they will lease definite locations of several
townships and by fencing hold their cattle
in a mailer space than they now occupy by
allowing their stock to range without re
straint, and tbo small holder can cosily
lease a tract large enough to provldo hay
and grazing for his cattlo at a less expense
per year than he now pays for round-up
New I'mkIim-a lu Wyo m Int.
CHEYENNE, Wyo.. Feb. IS. (Special.)
Twenty new engines for the Union Pacific
are now being conbtructcd at the Taunton
locomotive works In the cast. These en
gines will be very similar to the recently
purchased 1,500 and 1.T0O classes, which are
among the largest freight engines in tbe
woild. Tbe new engines will be numbered
1,900 and will take the place of the 1,700'6
between Laramie and Rawlins. The 1.700's
will then be sent back to tbo Nebraska
Tmo Conl llnrpren founder.
NEW YORK, Feb. 15.-The coal barges
Blossom and Alice Tryon foundered oft
Port Chester, N. Y.. Tuesday morning with
six personr, all .f whom were probably
lost. On the Tryon were the captain, his
wife and two children. Their names iij-e
not known. On the Illuvsom were the cup
tain') brother. Charles 11. Lacey, and Aaron
Wiener, a deck hand.
Kr-. n.-. NoIi-h r.uil Com in cut.
It Is estlmuted that every graduate of the
Atchison High school costs the people $;no.
Tho great excitement over the discovery
of zinc has worked nruund to Nemaha
co u ntv.
The farmer of Dickinson county have
contributed three carload? .jf porn and over
$Su0 In cash '.o the famine ufferern In India.
Charles Price, nn Atchison boy who went
to South Africa before the war, has Joined
the British army and bus been mude a
Fifty per cpnt of tho broomcorn raised
wen of the Mississippi in istu'wnx raised
In three Kunsaj counties lteno, MePhcrson
Senator Baker, on tho authority of
Colonel D. It. Anthony, will not i h can
didate, for rr-election if Charley Curtis la
renominated for congrebs.
It looks a little as though the lioont in
favor of Eood rouds had mare than wlndv
tnlk In It. Many meetings are Iwlng In Id
throughout th- state In the interubt of
All the borBliu:-i seed purchased by the
government for distribution 450 bushels a
your, or twenty-live quarts to each con
uretaman ootntJ f'om tne furni of a Kan
hhs girl, a Mlb 1 of Medicine LodKe.
Miss Best is paid $1 n bushel for tho aod.
Chancellor Snow of the Stato university
has been asked to write an article on Kan
bas for the supplenunt to the Encyclopedia
UrlUnnlca. The nrtlcle In th encyclopedia
was written In ISM, and the chancellors
urilclo will bring it up to date. The ar
rangement arc under the mnnasrmnt of
tho London Times.
A. E. McKensle, stnte, grain inspector,
says: "1 havo been traveling over the state
lately and I observe that the uc-reujv uf
wheat is apparently as largo as It was last
your, but the prospect at this time Is much
better than It was then. The wheat look
letter, has a botier start, U btronger and
healthier than it was a year uko. There
huve been numerous rains latelv and the
wheat crop Is 1n tine condition This sno.v
is ceneral over the Mate and It will prove
to be a very ImiHirtait U'tieflt to the grow.
Ing crop. Good luck for a few mcnths
means an enormous wheat yield this year '
CULLED IN POLITICAL FIELD
Gossip of the Preliminary Operation! of
DEMOCRATS TO APPOINT STATE DELEGATES
I'eiul IletMceii the JncUkonlnn nntl
County tlr crncc Mnj- lie Ile
um rd for tiiv Control of
The democratic county committee will
meet Saturday to take steps for the naming
of a delegation to the state convention for
the selection of delegates to the national
convention. It Is probable the contest be
tween the two club factions of local democ
racy will be milder than It was during the
recent primaries. Both sides claim control
of the county committee. The committee
will prwbably decide to hold no primaries,
but will resort to the decidedly undemo
cratic method of appointing delegates to
he stato convention under pretense of econ
omy. A member of the Jacksonlan club de
clares that there will be no coated over the
state delegation, as "no one rares who goes
to that convention, and no one In Douglas
county cares much who goes to the national
"The county domocracj-. however, does not
appear to bo so apathetic on the subject, for
It has declared Its preference for R. L.
Metcalfe for delegate-at-large. Although. the
course of Editor Metcalfe in the re:ent fight
was such as to exasperate the Jacksonlan
leaders and to leavo rancorous memories
threatening future controversies of the
Bort, It Is probablo that even If the Jack
sonlans dominate the county committee
meeting, Mctcalfo's pretensions will be rec
ognized as a peace policy. A conviction Is
current among democrats, however, that
nothing which the Hcrdman boys and their
friends can ever do will square them with
Metcalfe, who is said to bo decidedly sore
over the publication of tho Molso gift enter
prise letter, which ho has charged up
against the Hcrdinans.
Councilman Stuht Is bound to run as tbo
candldato of the populist party for council
man from tho First ward, and now presents
the following letter as a certificate of his
"HEADQUARTERS PEOPLE'S INDE
PENDENT PARTY. LINCOLN. Neb.. Feb. C.
Hon. Ernest Stuht, Omaha My Dear Sir:
Information having como to me recently that
you have seen fit to sever your connection
with the republican party and to havo
allied your Interests with that of the popu
list party, as chairman of the state com
mittee of said party, permit mo to con
gratulate you on tbls magnificent adventure
of your life. I have always regarded you
as a gentleman of courage in your official
actions I have noticed that you have guarded
well the interests of tbe taxpayers of the
city of Omaha.
"Now, believing that you arc seeking tho
opportunity to assist in the promotion o:
tho cause which you have espoused, 1 am
pleased to state to you that at tbe last
meeting of tho state committee of the peo
ple's party I was empowered and authorized '
to appoint a committee of flvo from each
nationality, whose duty it should be to as- I
slst in the organization and promotion of
the principles of our party within the state. ,
"I. therefore. In compliance with this
resolution, take great pleasure In asking
you to accept the appointment as thus out
lined and trust that it will meet with your
approval and that you will be pleased to
engage In the work which lies before you,
and that you may thus be able to materially
assUt in thn advancement of this work
among the German-Americans in Nebraska.
1 am, with great respect, yours,
"J. H. ED.MISTEN.
' Chairman of the Committee."
Referring to the strained situation be
tween tbo populists and the democrats, Mr.
Stuht says: "We populists have got th"
democrats in a corner. They have got to
nominate me and pull Mr. Drexel off If they
want to have tho populists Indorse any of
their other candidates. The populists have
not nominated any democrats except the
candidate for mayor so far, and they will
not budge until after the democrats accept
tbe three populist nominees, of which I am
one. That is whero they have the best o:
the democrats, you see. I am elmply run
ning on my record and that Is as good as
any democrat can want. I challenge com
parison with tho record of Mr. Drexel as
sheriff. He has a suit for $6,000 pending
against him now in the district court for
fees which he has failed to turn over to
the county. If tho democrats prefer such
a man to me 1 will show them that I can
win without their nomination."
HOWLS' UK! KOOII ill'I'PLY,
Olllcinl ltejiorts Show How They
rilled Their Storchounen.
Intimations and statements have not bean
wanting to 6how how thoroughly the Boers
in South Africa went to work to prepare
for the war with Great Britain. Most of
these accounts, however, have had refer
ence to tbe obtaining of munitions of war.
There Is ho doubt. reportB the New York
Times, that the burghers of the Transvaal
and the Orange Free State were Just as
thorough in providing supplies of food. .
Some Cata on the subject are contained In i
a pamphlet Just issued from tbo United
State Department of Agriculture. This
publication only brings tho matter down to
Juno 30, 1S9S. but tho figures contained In
it show tbe Boers began their preparations j
as far back as 189G. i
In the figures given showing the distribu
tion of agricultural exports from this cjun
try nothing Is reported relating directly to
the Transvaal. The exports are credited
to Britlth Africa and Portuguese Africa,
these containing the seaports through which
the stuff for the Transvaal and the Orange
Free State pawes.
Canned beef is n representative article.
The figures. In itounde, shipped to British
Africa for flvo years are as follows: 1894.
507,183: 1895. 1.371.7C4; 1896, 3.019,493; 1897,
5.319.302 and 1698, 4,122.467.
Tho shipments of the same staple to Portu- !
gucse Africa e.hows even greater disparity I
between the earlier and the later shipments, '
thus: 1894. 96; 1895, none; 189G, 457,570: 1897, j
791.230, and 189S, 838,797. '
Then salted, or pi.kled. beef may be con
slderii. To Portuguese Africa the ship
ments were bmall, but from nothing In 1894
they increased to 20.200 pounds in 1897 and ,
over 20,000 In IMS. British Africa, however.
took from us tho following quantities, in
pounds, during the five years lucluslve of
1891-9S. respectively: 202.22C, 17S.105. 113.- .
G50, 371.800 and 579.800. j
Bacon to British Africa Jumped from noth-!
ing in 1891 tn 5..477 pounds in 1897, and
hams from 11.810 In 1891 to 135,109 pounds
In 189K. Shipment to Portugueso Afil:a
of hams Jumped from nothing during the
first four years to SS.G&j pounds la 1S9S.
Salted cr pickled poll; ser.t to Brltl.h
Africa ranged from as low a 4l.5rt ia 1895
up to 11?.. 300 pounds !n 1897. Little of the
article went to or by way of Portjguese
Tho ilgures for lard are much larger, thus:
Btltlsh Africa, for flvo years, respectively:
280,021. 291,209, 41C6C3. 1.192.806 and 1.700.-
293. Portuguete Africa: 1.G00. , C1.917,
11C.750 and 189,912.
Lard oil Is another Urge itcen for Britlth
Africa. It increased from 105,113 gallons m
1891 to 300,744 gall, ns In 1897.
These are the significant figures for corn
In butbels British Africa (for five years
ri-epectlvely) 1,000, 570, 2,331,069, 1,183,897,
1 1 ' 1 Ml i I
VERY old maxim declares that it isn't econ
omy to pick up pins ; the time is worth more
than the pins. Similarly it is not true econ
omy to do without Ivory Soap: your health
requires the daily removal of the bodily excretions
which are discharged through the pores of the skin.
These tiny mouths must be kept open, and they
should be opened only with a pure soap.
IVORY SOAP 99SS. PER CENT. PURE.
rMt .... ? tm
233.274. Portuguese Africa. C2. 3, 154.032.
Cornmeal Eent to British Africa Jumped
from 25 barrels in 1S!)5 to 77.011 ia 1SHS.
No oatmeal was sent to British Africa
In 1S94 and 1805. The following years.
lSf6, 1807 and 1S9S, show the following fig
urea In pounds, respectively: SS.SOO, 403.052
Rye sent to the ports of British Africa
amounted to only 9,329 bushels In 1SDC. Tho
next year the figures v ore 03.2G4.
Then follow amarlng figures for wheat.
British Africa took only 47.794 bushels in
1S95, but tho following year she took 2.2&C
374, and tbe two succeeding yoars, respec
tively, 2,524.094 and 2.S23.S63. For Portu
guese Africa there were no shipments In
1MM-5, and only 1,971 in 1S9C. But In 1897
they amounted to 837.CG5. and in 1&9S to
Wheat flour to British Africa jumped
from 9.G74 barrels in 1895 to 195,163 barrels
in 189G and 259,305 barrels In 1S9S.
British Africa took 220 bushels of "beans
and peas in 1895. Tbe next year 19.42S
bushels were shipped, and in 1897 3G.173,
the quantity the following year being 24,
C31. Portugueso Africa, which had taken none
tho previous years, took 1.C96 bushels in
There was an Increase also In dried ap
ples. To British African ports there were
sent In 1S94 479 pounds. In 1E97 tbe quan
tity was 30,800, and in 1S9S 27.177.
Other Items show miner increases and
many kinds of exports remain about sta
tionary, the largo increases In every case
being of non-pcrlehablo foods.
ULWioiiATi: ripi: howl
Cnrvlnita llcprrnen t the I.nlmr of
Rov. Adolph Ebel of St. Michael's Roman
Catholic church, who died In Chicago last
week, was tbe maker of the famous Colum
bus pipe, once exhibited at tho World' fair.
From early childhood; reports the Chicago
Chronicle, ho displayed a genius for sculp
ture, and whllo pursuing hie studies In
Rome for the priesthood be availed himself
of the many opportunities presented to cul
tivate b' love for sculpture. He was sent
to America in 1S75, where he camo In con
tat with many German priests who had
brought over with them a great number of
meerschaum pipes, which they gave to him.
The love of eculpture still remaining with
him he evolved the idea of producing a pipe
which should be among pipes what St.
Peter's in Rome is among churches.
It took him eighteen eais to comple'e
his tack, averaging ten hours, or, as he
computes it, G.570 days, or 7S.840 hours
Tho principal part of the work was done in
his cloister cell, but the pipe accompanied
him on his travels and the many localities
he visited afforded him a great many oppor
tunities for elaborating a number of the
An Idea may be gained by the Infinite zeal
and patience It required to complete the
pipe by a description of It. Tbe length of
the bowl Including tbe cover Is six Inches,
the circumference two Inches and the length
of the stem U twenty-one inches. Tbe sur
face of the bowl It eighteen square Inches,
on which is carved over 300 figures, and
there are nearly peventy figures on tho stem.
The figures are divided Into dlffermt
classes Flowers, lilies, rosebuds, grape
Slightly Used Pianos
are tin' kind wo art' ovornfocketl on at
proM-nt-iilnnos that must go nt once to
ninke room for tho nt'tv ntock nlromly
duo. Tlioy are all high ftradi) lnntnt
niontc, in tho very latont Htyle cases
and hIzck. A fow Mioolal prices thnt
may interest you: One upright Itof-o-wood
pluno. full size, $S.V, tormn. $10
rat-h and !t a month: one upiicht Km
erwtii piano, price $05: tonus, $15 oah
and $5 u month: ono uprlelit Kmcrxin
piano, price jjir,; tonus, Mfi cash and
a month; one upright ICrhe piano,
largest size, oak cube; price $135; terms,
ifiri cash and 7 a month. Some uow
pianos at flOO lo-s than factory prices.
All on easy terms.
Music and Art. 1513 Douglas.
Drex L, Shooman's Misses Shoes
as fitted by us plve comfort to plowing
fiit. We hare special salesmen lu that
tUpnntucnt selected fur their years ot
ijieilenee nnd ndaplaMllty at til Urn;
misses' nnd children's foot. If the feet
aro properly lit tod while rowliiR there
will be no trouble lu nfter yens. Our
missed llsht calf and heavy dcniKOla
shoes at $1.50 are made so as to aid tlit
salesmen in llttins the foot A sooel
flulm; sh e will wei.r longer aud give
more satlsfactl. n lhau auy two luixalu
counter pa!i that arc made Just to
sell. Our shoes muke friends that come
to us again nnd agalu. Same lu tho
ladle' spring heel at if'J.00.
Drexel Shoe Co.v
Ul VARNAM STkEKT.
.nrt. . tki tet ei.ri.t.fi
leaves, grapes, violets, palms. Architec
ture! Is represented by the following figures
, Ionic, Dorlr, Moorish and Roman. lso
(windows, lattice work, cupola, n rebus nnd
others. In the animal kingdom he has
I dragons, hyenas, leopards, alligators, sharks.
turtles and scrpentc. Also Mary, Chrloto-
pher Columbus. Juan Perez, St. Joseph, Co
I lossus of Rhodn. missionaries and Indium.
jAnd a grtnt many others, Including stars
keys, swtirds, Mutonlc emblem, harps and
From Its earliest Inception the pipe was
his constant companli n and had Journeyed
with him from the Atlantic to the Pacific
and from Lake Superior to the Gulf of Mex
ico. It has had its adventures also. In Oc
tober, 1884, the missionary was on a sleeper
bound for Louisville from Chicago. About
2 o'clock in tho morning tbo tralu was de
tailed. Hln car, the last one on the train
did not leave the track and fire consumed
the entire train. Notwithstanding this tb
precious plpo was raved. On another occa
sion, a Sunday in November of ;891. ho wa
conducting services in n Ft. Paul (lai
church. During the ceremony a chandelier
with twelve oil latnr. fell and exploded, in
a short time tbe entire church was In nsbes.
nnd nt tho risk of his life he saved the pipe.
The following year, while on n train on
tho way to Chicago from St. Louis, he had
a still more remarkable exper.ence. Owing
to the sultrlncs of tho June night he re
quitted that tho porter leave the window in
his berth cpen. His grip, containing the
pipe. Fjme money nnd his overcoat, was at
the foot of the bed. At midnight he fell
Into a drowsy slumber. t- awake shortly
and find tho grip had been stolen. A re
ward was offered. Ihe hawwhops of both
St. Louis nnd Chicago -were searched to no
avail. Two weeks later he received a Irtter
from tbo superintendent of police stating
that his grip together with tho contents bad
been found In a cornfield.
A number of years ago he becamn very
much attached to one of his pupils OMn
Vogelsang. The master and pupil became
very Intimate, n that ten years ago. long
boforo the finishing of tbe pipe, he wilefi tt
to his devoted young friend.
Wo carry in stock a large
line of rolling and reclin
ing chairs for the use of
invalids and cripple,
Cn or bend for lltiutrateri Catalog, irt
THt ALOE & PENfOLD CO.,
Uaformltr Brnce Manufacturers.
1408 Farntun OMAHA.
Op. Paxton Hotel.