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The umaha Daily Ber
12 IlOBliWATUlt, Editor.
PUBLISHED EVKIIY MOItNlNU.
TBKM3 OF BUUSOmiTION.
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ally Deo and Hunduy, Uno Year 8. 04
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State of Nebraska. Doug.as Countv.
George II. Tzschuck, secretary of The liee
Publishing Company, being duly sworn,
says that tho actual number 01 full jinl
eomploto copies of The Dally. Mornins,
Evening and Sunday Ilea rrintod (luring the
montn of October, iv.v, was as iouuwb;
2 27,11 tft
9 27,ft0 25.
10 27,480 21.
11 27.r20 27
12 V7,:i70 2
13 27,120 23
14 211,720 l
IS 27, HIO 31
I -oss unsold und returned copies..
Not total sales 870.S7S
Net dally averngo 2N.0H2
ukorqh ii. Tzscnt'cic.
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
i)croro mo tills lirsi uuy 01 norrmiKr. .v.
. 1 1 UUH I lJ.
After today you can say "I told
"McKlnley and Prosperity" Is the
K1 HowvU'h election fraud howl Is
simply the cry of "stop tlilef."
Vote early to avoid being crowded out
In the closing hours of the polls.
"Last call for dinner." Do you want
free soup or a full dinner pall?
It looks as If the weather man were
also on the side of McKlnley anil pros
perity. Thu sum of all Uryan's paramount
Issues Is that ho wunts to be elected
nansom's ranting against Kosewatcr
does not cover up Hansom's rascality In
Tho campaign managers have had
their say about majorities. Today the
voters will do the talking.
The managers of the democratic cam
paign profess to be full of hope and
contldcucc. The reaction when the re
turns como In Is liable to cause a con
It Is a long ballot, but no voter should
stop marking It until he has gone down
both columns and expressed his choice
on every olllce. Do not vote a half
Watch for The Bee's election returns.
Tho Uee, as usual, will have the only re
liable, prompt and complete election
news service. If you want the news
correct, read The Uee.
If a man client you once you are not
to blame, but If he cheat you n second
time It Is your own fault. Do not let
Frank Hansom go to thu state senate to
sell out the people again.
W'q do not believe the reputable, hon
est mass of voters will cudor.e the cam
paign of brazen falsehood, slander nnd
defamation waged In Nebraska in be
half of thu fusion candidates.
If It Is worth $'-',500 to kill one bill In
thu legislature, how much will It be
worth to compromise a claim of ?7."0,000
against tho state? Candidate Itausom
will please answer that conundrum.
In tho language of the turf, Uryan
nhot his bolt In the llrst few furlongs
of the race and, rouudlug Into the
stretch, dropped back Into tho ruck.
The best his backers can expect Is to
save his distance.
When tho supporters of tho present
stato administration say It has saved
the state ?.'00,0OO they mean they might
have squandered $300,000 more of the
statd's money than they have by work
tug full tlmu ut the Job.
Evidence la accumulating that tho
Cubans arc progressing. In a game
of baso ball at Santiago a nine of na
tives gave an American nine, In which
thcro were three cx-Natloual league
players, u hard run for u victory.
When It comes to concocting roor-'
backs thu popocrutle Imagination Is
without a peer. Some of tho wild and
weird stories which they have circu
lated during tho closing days of the
campaign could have originated no
where clso outside of thu Insane
What tho republican tariff Is worth to
tho wool grower can be figured .out by
referenco to a telegram from ouo of
tho great wool-producing couutrles of
South America. It says the warehouses
are tilled with wool for which there Is
no demand, much of It tho clip of the
previous Benson. With a protective
tariff, Insuring n home market for nil
tho wool produced In tho United States,
American wool brings good prices.
Advices received tit Washington from
Minister Conger statu that satisfactory
progress Is being made by the minister
ial corps In thu work of arranging a
busts for negotiations with the Chinese
government. Several Important points
have been agreed upon, among them
that of punishments. It Is expected
that when the ministers have come to
an understanding there will be no se
rious objection on the part of the Chi
nese government, which Is In no po
sition to resist the milted demands or
thu iiowers. Indeed, It has been ap
parent nil along that thu Imperial
authorities are willing to accept tiuy
thing that may be proposed short of
their own nbdlcatlon or thu dismember
meut of the empire. They are ready to
pay any money Indemnity that may be
demanded, on whatever practicable
terms thu powers shall dcelde upon,
and also to make whatever concessions
may be required of them for thu se
curity of peace.
It will bu expedient for the powers,
when they have settled upon a basin for
negdtlatlons, to llrmly adhere to It, but
their demands should not be so extrav
agant as to practically amount to the
spoliation of China. At thu best It Is
au enormous obligation which that
country must assume one which will
heavily tax Its financial resources for
many years but It would not bo wise
to make the burden so great as to
halt the development of thu empire and
lessen the ability of the peoplu to trade
with the outside world. To do that
would be damaging to the interests of
tho powers In the long run. China
should bu made to pay a substantial
Indemnity one that shu will remember
for generations but It should not be
so extortloualu us to bu ruinous. She
must also bu required to give ample and
satisfactory guarantees for thu fulfill
ment of her intcrmuloual obligations,
but It ought to bu possible to secure
such guarantees without disturbing the
reigning dynasty, as has been threat
ened, or requiring of it sacrifices that
would degrade It in popular opinion.
There are Influences In China working
for thu overthrow of the dynasty, but
It Is not npparcnt that the civilized
world would galu anything from the
success of tho elements hostile to the
Imperial authorities, therefore there is
ho reason why the powers should do
aught to promotu the wishes or plans
of thoxo elements. There is probably
no foundation for the report of a move
ment to drive from power the dowager
empress, for although there Is little
doubt that she Is largely responsible
for thu antl-forelgu uprising there Is
every indication that at present no ono
is more anxious than she1 to meet the
demands of the powers for Indemnity
China should be den 11 with llrmly but
at thu same time fairly and Justly. It
Is in the Interest of tho rest of the
world that, her punishment shall not
lie so severe us to be destructive.
ixatKJSixa run xavi
Thu program of nuvul Increase, as
agreed upon by the construction board,
contemplates thu bullillng of thirty-two
vessels of 151,000 tons, or more than
double that laid down In auy preceding
year. Congress Is to bu usked to
authorize tho following: Three l.'.OOO
ton battleships, two jri,000-ton armored
cruisers, six 'J.OOO-ton gunboats, sis 000
ton gunboats, ten 200-ton gunboats,
three 15,000-ton colliers, one 7,000
ton repair ship, onu 7,000-ton
marine transport. The board of con
struction decided to omit the torpedo
bouts, hoih surface nnd submarine,
recommended by thu policy board, of
which Admiral Dewey Is chairman, but
thu program lu all other particulars con
forms closely to the Initial project, to
which referenco has been made In
Thu program divides Itself naturally
Into three parts, according to the uses
for which the navy Is today regarded
us most lu need of augmented streugth,
thu era of building general utility ships
of largo slzo and devoid of pro
tection, Intended solely for round
the world cruising to display thu
flag, having passed so far as the
United States Is concerned, that class
of which thu Haltlmoru and Chicago
aru types being already looked upon
us sulllcleutly numerous. Therefore
tho program makers have conllned their"
project to ships of offense, for pollcu
und for naval auxiliary purposes re
quired by thu new conditions Imposed
upon the navy by the Increasing im
portance of American Interests In the'
far east. The live lighting ships pro
posed are more formidable than uny of
the samu category yet designed. With
the seventeen now building or author
ized, and with the six battleships and
two armored cruisers already lu com
mission, they will glvo tin offensive
force of thirty ships. The eight now In
uctlvu servlcu average 10,000 tons, tho
six building average lli.000 tons, those
Just designed and to be contracted for
next month the Pennsylvania, tho New
.lersey, the Ueorgla, tho Virginia, the
Hhode Island, thu West Virginia, thu
Nebraska, thu California, thu Maryland,
tho Colorado and thu South Dakota
average 14,000 tons, while the 1001 de
signs will form a new 15,000-tou class
It Is stated that naval olllcers ex
pect little opposition to the adoption
of this program at the next session of
congress, ns every vessel asked for Is
urgently needed, they say, If American
luterests In the Pacific ocean aru not
to bu, abandoned. It Is highly probable,
however, that the program will be
somewhat reduced by congress. While
tho naval power of the United Stutcs
Is not yet at a point where It would bo
safo to halt, It may fairly bo questioned
whether there Is tho urgent demand
that tho nnvnl authorities appear to
believe there Is for tho addition to tho
navy which they propose. Half the
number of gunboats called for In the
program for 1001 would, it would seem,
bo sutllcient to order at present, and It
Is very likely this will bo tho View of
congress. We shall go on Increasing
the strength of the navy, hut expendi
tures for this purpose should be ex
tended over n considerable tlme so ns
to be as little burdensome as possible.
iuxsvm tx rut fKX.irt:.
Omaha lost ?S5,OQ0 by the compromise
with the bondsmen of a defaulting city
treasurer. That loss placed a burden
upon the shoulders of already over
burdened taxpayers nnd deprived hun
dreds of worklngmen who might havo
been employed on public Improvements
of nu opportunity to earn au honest liv
ing. It Is a matter of notoriety that Ne
braska lost over $000,000 through the
einbezzlemeiit of ex-State Treasurer
Hartley, which amount, with Interest,
has grown to over $7fi0,0)0. It Is an
open secret that the sureties of Hartley
proposu to have that claim compromised
through the legislature at from 10 to
IK) cents on the dollar. With this end
In view they foisted Frank Hnnsoin,
their chief attorney, on the fusion
Tho question which confronts thu
taxpayers of Douglas county Is whether
they will willingly saddlu upou them
selves the pro rata of this county, which
would he a state tax of ?7fi,000 or
?SO,000. Will they deliberately vote to
put Frank Hansom In po.'ltlon to earn
a $."0,000 feu? Suppose the Hartley
bondsmen should compromise for $100,
000; to accomplish that result they
could well afford to pay Hansom
$o0,000 and beat thu statu out of $000,
000. That enormous sum would pay
the running expenses of the state gov
ernment, Including all the state Institu
tions, for nearly nine months. Six hun
dred thousand dollars would erect
twelve $.10,000 buildings for the state
Institutions If they were needed; $000,
1)00 would almost pay the entire debt of
In view of these facts will the tax
payers of this county vote to put Frank
Hansom In thu statu senate?
rut: YKiiv hATt'.sr Donunit.
The latest and most contemptible
dodger issued by the political bush
whackers. Is onu thnt seeks to Impress
upon the opponents of department
sjoros, the Idea that thu republican can
didates on tho legislative ticket are
committed, to thu department stores, by
citing from the liltchcock-Hosewater
In this debate Mr. Hosewnter cited de
partment stores as a class of largo con
cerns that partake of the nature of a
trust and yet nro not within tho reach
of the law which puulshes combina
tions entered Into for the purpose of
raising prices or cornering some par
ticular commodity. He said the depart
ment stores did not raise prices, but the
opposition to them Is based upon the fact
that they can reduce prices nnd are en
abled to undersell small dealers, be
cause they buy for cash In enormous
quantities and also sell for cash nnd
thus avoid the loss of thu credit sys
tem. The scurvy part of tiding to mnke
capital on these lines Is that Mr. Hitch
cock himself Is the Instigator of the de
partment store dodger and lie knew ns
well as anybody that tho newspapers
would bo better off If they had to tleal
with 100 small merchants Instead of
with two or three largo ones, who, In a
measure, control advertising rates. This
was shown two years ago In Denver,
when they withdrew their patronage in
a body and made a big holo In tho ad
vertising pages of the newspapers,
whereas the stoppage of ono or two or
even half a dozen small concerns would
not affect tho newspapers.
Mr. Bryan must quoto something
more rellubiu than Labor Commis
sioner Kent's figures to convlnco the
Nebrnsku farmers that they aro not
prosperous. When uny one usserts that
Nebraska farmers have gone Into debt
Instead of 'getting out of debt In the
past four years he Is tslmply asserting
that they are Improvident, lacking In
business capacity or dishonest and tin
willing to pay. None of these three
propositions is true. Tho farmers of
Nebraska have had good crops which
have brought good prices. . They have
taken tho money like prudent and hon
est business men to pay their debts
and stop the drain of Interest. The
records show It nnd nil of Kent's nnd
Hryuu's squirming will not controvert
what every man In Nebraska knows to
It is only fair to Judgo Fawcett of
the district court for Tho Uee to say
that the nddrcss printed over his name
to the republicans wus not Bigued by
him In his ofllclnl capacity and was not
printed In Tho Heo with tho Intention of
making It appear that ho had signed It
as Judgo of tho district court. As
printed originally It was without nuy
distinguishing mark to Indicate thu posi
tion of tho author, because the heading
written for the printer, reading, "Judge
Fawcett to the Hepubllcuns," was, by
reason of Its length, cut down by the
typesetter by omitting the word
"Judge." Tho explanatory Hue 'was
therefore n'dded in tho last edition of
thu paper to show thut Mr. Fawcett Is
judge of the district court.
Tho circular gotten up by officers of
tho Omaha Medical society requesting
their members to work against Fred M
Youngs for the legislature Is nu outrage
perpetrated without cause. Mr. Youngs
Is not a faith curlst, although a member
of his family may be, but It is not his
province to order them to subject them
selves to treatment by medical pructl
tlouers. Mr. Youngs may bu depended
upon to deal fairly with every Interest,
Including the medical fraternity, when
ho Is elected to tho legislature.
That nntl;Kosowuter Jekyll and Hyde
(lodger, which was so industriously clr
culated a few days ago, was gotten up
by a brace of patriots of whom George
W. Covell and Dr. Savllle aro tho head
J and tall. Covell is the brothor-In-law
To the Voters of Nebraska :
For more than a quarter of a century I have nd.'oc.ated the election
of United States senators by direct vote of the peoplu. All efforts to
secure this right for the people by nnietidmeut of the constitution of the
United States, however, have lulled up to this time. The nearest ap
proach to popular selection of United States senatots has been mude lit
this stale, where the peoplu have a right under tho stnte constitu
tion to Instruct their representative!! in the legislature by an expres
sion of prefcreucu at the ballot bos.
In proof of my sincerity ns an advocate of the direct populnr election
of senators I have appealed for nn expression of public sentiment
under tho- constitutional provision by having my name placed on tho
ofllclnl ballot nt the coming election. While standing upon thu declara
tions of the republican party In its national platform. I am committed
also to certain reforms which In my Judgment nre demanded In tho In
terest of the American people.
I am In favor of the establishment of postnl savings bauks In
which the earnings of the people will bo safely guarded through panic
I nm lu favor of the postal telegraph and the widest extension of
postnl facilities to the people.
I believe that corporations nre creatures of the state nnd should be
regulated and controlled by the stnte. While -I favor public supervi
sion of corporations. 1 nm by no means In favor of confiscating their
property, either by prescribing ruinous rates or excessive taxation. In
other words, 1 favor such legislation ns will protect the people ngnlnst
extortion nnd discrimination by corporate monopolies, but at tho fiiiuo
time nm opposed to nny legislation thnt would prevent them from earn
ing fair Interest on honest Investment.
My career In Nebraska, which covers a period of thirty-seven years.
Is a sulllelcnt guaranty that If elected to the United States senate I
Miall labor with nil my ability nnd energy to promote the welfare nnd
material prosperity of the state nnd nation and shall nlwnys hold my
self accessible to every citizen of Nebraska who has a claim upon my
services or time, no matter how humble or poor.
of Frank Hansom, mid that explains thu
milk lu the cocoauut. Frank Is the
Jekyll In the play and Covell tho Hyde.
Of course, If the unities of these two
eminent statesmen had been appended
nobody would have been puzzled as to
the whys and wherefores.
Thu plan decided on by the desperate
fusionlsts for today's election Is to
obstruct the voting lu many districts by
challenging every voter, with or with
out cause. Thesu tactics nre the tactics
of the bulldozer and ruffian nnd will not
work. The law provides penalties
against peoplu who obstruct the elec
tions nnd members of every election
board should see to It that no inter
ference with the performance of their
duties is tolerated.
There Arc Oilier.
Civil war has been racing In tho Co
lombian republic for over a year. The
Doors nro not' tho only ones that under
stand the art of holding out.
I.enNou of (lie llnxer ltcbellliin.
It Is snld tho amount of Indemnity which
the United States will demand from China
Is $50,000,000. Tho only real atonement
China cau make, however, will he to re
form her government lu sucli a manner us
to make tho lives of foreigners safo here-
A 'I'ltriiitt nt (li .ludlelnr -.
A v'crmont legislator has introduced a
bill prohibiting railroads from furnishing
treo transportation to Judges. Tho bill not
only forbids the granting of passes to
Judges, but proscribes a tine of from J10U
to $500 for any corporation or ofllccr offer
ing sunh transportation. What's "agley"
with tho Judges of tho green mountain
I'littliiff Up, for Slob Jlule.
If tho demand of tho United States for
$3,000 Indemnity for tho murder of an
Americcn citizen In Morocco Is not
nrnmtitlv met. a war shlu will bo sent to
cuforco It. Tho United States has set so
good an example? In paying .promptly for
Europeans wha are lynched by Louisiana
mobs that it can consistently insist on
slmlllar treatment for Itself.
Xeir York's Cnlnmlty llreord.
Cleveland lialn Dealer.
Now York's three great horrors of Iho
decade, tho Vludsor hotel fire, tho Hobo-
ken docks llro and tho recent Tarrant ex
plosion and lire, wcro all disasters of an
unusual character, and tho emergencies
they presented wero so unexpected and so
tcrrlblo that thoy fairly Doomed to bafflo
human courago and Ingenuity. In short,
you nover know what to expect when theso
great calamities aro due,
The Tie that Hindu.
An Iowa man addicted to ths morphine
habit deliberately received stolen goods In
order to be sent to tho penltctitlary, whero
bo hoped to bo cured of tho vice. When ho
as sentenced to a term of only eighteen
months, ho begged tho Judgo to mako It
two years. Tho gentleman has been In
prison before, but not long enough at any
time to effect a euro. Ills motive .seems
to bo all right, but hl3 method may provo
cxponslve to people ho own portable
Co nan in rri !' the I'lner.
The consumers, being at tho mercy of
tho coal companies, must pay the cost of
the strlkp. and somothlng over. Tho labor
cost of a ton of coal haa been Increased
about 10 cents by the 10 per cent advance
to tho miners, but tho companies, it la an-
nouueud, bavo advanced the prlco 50 centB
per ton beyond July prices. A part of this
advance. Is normal to tho season of tho
year, bat it la safo to say tho companies
will collect 25 cents per ton from the publlo
for every 10 cents advance they glvo the
miners. It la said that tho operators hopo
In this way to recover tholr lost profits,
but It la aulto probablo they havo alread
made themselves wholo by the fancy prices
charged while tho strlko lasted for the coal
they had on hand. At ull events, the con
suraer Is made to pay for tho atrlko, and la
apparently the only sufferer therefrom.
Haiurilea of ClrHIutlaii In China.
Sprlngflold (Mass.) llepub'.lcau.
Some pleasant Christian reading dribbles
in from "tho front" In China day by day.
Said a dispatch from lao Ting Fu, October
20: "Tho preparations uro complete for
destroying tho most venerated temple In
tho city on October 27." Civilized, lau't It,
to destroy a temple of worship? It Is to
China what tho destruction of Trinity
church In Uoston by an oriental Invader
would bo to us. Then there aro other epl
sodes. A Berlin paper describes this scene
near Pokln: "HUtyelr.ht captives, somo of
them not yet adults, were tied together by
their plg-talls, beaten by the flormans, com
polled to dig their own graves, and then
shot enmasse." The burning of whole
Chinese villages seems to bo a steady occu
patlon by the foreign troops. It might b
added that the occupation of l'ekln Is be
coming steady. The international forco en
tered It early In August and In tho first
week of November the great powers aro
still reassuring each other, on their honors
that not one of them would think of taking
territory from China.
o. Tin: ho mi: rumen.
Washington Star: Tho contestants for
thu presidential stake have swung Into the
homo stretch. Mr. McKlnley Is cUarly lu
tho lead, and he ought to finish first, with
plenty of duyllght showing between him and
Mr. Uryan. llut until a rnco is won until
tho wlro has actually been reached It is
never Eufo to shout. The favorite may fall
nnd break a leg within twenty feet of tho
goal nnd his rival go rast to victory. Not
luitll tho record has been mado nnd the
tlmo card hung out do experienced observ
ers Indulge In ii long breath and lower
New York Herald: It la needless to dls
rusu Mr. Drynu's other Idloaycrasles In tho
presence of tho overshadowing Importance
of this ono disastrous proposition, which,
as u result of tho educational campaign
four years, ago, Is thoroughly understood by
tho masses and should alone iusuro his de
feat. The people feel that granted tho re
election of Mr. McKlnley It will bo
pohulblo by force of publlo opinion to com
pel a withdrawal from tho dangerous paths
of militarism and Imperialism, but that
with Mr. IJryau elected there would bo
no way of uvertlng tho destruction of con
fldtnco at homo and abroad, with result
ing Industrial and business depression, if
not i.etual panic. In other words, as tho
Herald remarked at tho tlmo the two plat
tot ms wcro mado up, when confronted with
Uryan, backed by populism, tho country
bus no alternative but to voto for McKln
ley, backed by Roosevelt.
Philadelphia Ledger: The safest guldo
to probable results Is an Impartial study of
the returns of the preceding election, sup
plemented by a consideration of tho party
changes made manifest by tho press of
tho country and tho letters snd spoechc
cf public men. Such studies of the present
situation, made by Impartial observers,
lead all of them to tho conclusion that
1'iesidcnt McKlnley Is to bo re-elected
by an etectoral vote nt least as largo as
that which ho received In 1S0S. Whatever
lessen he may sustain In tho cast aro likely
to be offset by gains In tho far west. New
York la tho storm center and, although it
Is nut necessarily the pivotal state, yet
tho party which shall carry Now York
v. Ill havo tho best chauco of winning.
What are tho prospects In New York? Tho
most reliable data upon which to form a
Judgment arc to be found In tho returns
of the election of ISstMl. if Bryan should
hold his vote of that jear and gain fifteen
McKlnley voters out of every hundred he
would fall to carry the state. If ho should
gain twenty out of every hundred ho would
win by a baro plurality. Any ono who
chooEcs to do so Is ut llhorty tov believe
thnt one-fifth of tho republican party ot
Now York will go over to tho populist
candidate, who threatens to put the coun
try on a silver basis after four years of
unc?iampled prosperity, which havo dis
proved all bin arguments of 1890. Such
a political rovolution ns this Implies seems
to bo next to impossible, and yet without
euch a revolution Mr. Uryan cannot carry
Now York and cannot be elected.
rnitso.vvi, Ar otiiurwinh.
John Wi Dreldcntbal, the fusion candi
date for governor iu Kansas, was promi
nently Identified with tho Topolobampo
socialistic schemo u few years ago,
Tbo alumni of Washington and Leo uni
versity and other friends of tho lato Wil
liam I.. WIlBon proposo to raise by subscrip
tion a fund of at least $100,000 with which
to endow u professorship la tbo university.
George Dolby, tho private secretary of
Charles Dickens, died In a London Infirm
ary a few days ago, ponniless, dirty,
emaciated, unkempt and almost a tramp.
In his later yoars ho had been supported
Prof. Ilacckel has been Invited to bocomo
proaldent of tho Herman Association of
Frco Thinkers, lu placo of I'rof. Dodel,
who resigned, but haa declined the offor
as being Inconsistent with his present
placo as a profsssor at Jena.
According to the census, Clovoland is
larger than Cincinnati by 56,000, yet tho
registration of Cincinnati shows 303 more
voters than Cleveland. Either Cleveland
took too much wator In Its ccnaus or Cin
cinnati registered a sllco of Kentucky.
The lato Charles Dudley Warner, while
sitting on the balcony of a club lu Now
York threo years ago mado a prediction
about something ten years from then and
quickly continued with theso words: "Hold
on! No, I slinu't, for I shall bo dead."
As a result of a political argument two
residents of Muskegon, Mich., mado a
wngor of $33 on tho result of the election
one day last weok, Ono of tho parties to
tho hot owed a coal bill of $21, Tho coal
dealers hoard of tho wager, garnlsheed tho
stakeholder and recovered tho amount of
Sam Duncan, democrat, and Thomas
Lyons, republican of Areola, III., huvo bet
tho clothes on their backs on their re
spective party candidates for governor, and
tho winning man is to take tho loser to a
prominent street corner and tear the
clothes Into ribbons while a baud dis
courses hot melody, A marvelous season
of prosperity Is ripening for tho fool killer.
Frcdcr'co Degetau of San Juan, chosen as
the first delegate from l'orto nlco to tho
United States, la a lawyer, having studied
In the University of Madrid, Ho la a mem
ber of several scientific and philanthropic
societies and was ono of tho founders of
the Soclete Franca Uo pour L'Arbltrago
cntre Nations. Mr. Degetau baa written
sovernl books. Ho was one of tho four
commissioners sent to Spain In 1898 to ask
VIOLHNCC IX THIS CAMI'AUl.V.
I'mlon Dr.iprrntlun Midlife! ttartf
nt Varluii I'olnts.
Brooklyn Hagle (lad. demi
Mr Hooscvelt was violently nsjnlled with
missiles nnd bad language nt Kltnlra on
Monday nnd Senator Depcw, tho most
courteous and good-natured of our public
speakers, wus silenced by ruffianly roaring
nt Coblesklll, In Schoharie county, on thr
samo day. In both places tho peculiar
form of Intolerance, ferocity, discontent
and animal manners lu politics, known
UryanUm, U btrong. In most localities
tho percentage of civilization and sanity
In ns much of tho historical democracy ai
supports Hryatilsm, without liking It, holds
the organization to civility and pcaco upon
public occasions. But la such towns as
Victor, In Colorado, and Ulmlra and Coble-
skill, In Bryan rttlcs In this slate, that
percentage of decency In democracy Is
small and tho outbrcalt nf Intending mur
der and rampant hoodlumlsm In ouch cir
cumstances Is not a surprise.
Considering tho fury, uureasonablcness
and mlstaught character of tho Bryan fac
tion, tho wholo country over, considering
thn depth of degradation to which tlui
Bryan campaign, ns an lnvoker of class
hatred, leveling discontent, agrarian ro
vongo and sans calotte appeal has de
scended, In Its Inter stages, tho woudor Is
not that hero and thcro a small degrco of
violence nud barbnrlstn prevails, but that
a larger degree In many other places has
not provalled. The country can congratu
Into ttsolt on tbo uniform and general
orderliness of Its politics this year.
As u rule tho persons who havo honestly
nuked questions of public speakers have
been civilly nnswered. No charge of in
civility nttaches to Mr. Bryan's treatment
ot any questions addressed to htm, al
though his answers have been evaolvo,
cunning, uncandld aud in not a single In-
stanco logically responsive. Still he has
been good-tempered and Ingenious, though
not Ingenuous. Mr. Itooscvclt has candidly
replied to every Inquiry mado in good faith.
but has very roughly replied to inslncorc,
vicious and Impudent questioners, whose
purposo has been to start disturbances
that might culminate In violence or In
riots, at tho meetings which ho has ad
dressed. His efficiency In routing ruffians
has bcon as marked as his patlencn In en
lightening sincere Interrogators of his mind
Tho campaign is so near its close, Its
remaining lncldonts or occasions aro so
few, tho arrangements to guard them from
disturbance aro so well taken that we may
look for few Instances of outbreak or Im
politeness in the tlmo that remains. Tho
asnnult8 on Mr. Hooscvelt, out west and In
this stato, that upon Mr. Depaw at Coblch
kill on Monday, nnd the rudeness toward
Mr. Shephard at tho Bryan mooting lu
Madison Suuaro tlardon, whero tho ad
hcrcuts of Mr. Bryan refused to listen to
him, with other like Instances, happily few
In number, carry In thera a power of rcoil
not to bo mistaken and of a largo educa
tlonat value. As tho campaign of 18S4 was
tho last one to bo contested on grounds of
defamation let us hope that tho result of
that of 1000 will so thoroughly rebuke tho
Bryantlc rccourso to closs hatreds and to
socialistic discontent as to mako It the
last ono to bo contested on such vilo
grounds in American history.
NATIONAL HO.XOlt AT STAKE.
l'ropoaril lti piidinllou nf Our ObllK.i
lion nt Home und Abroad.
Whatever its enemies mny say about tho
administration of I'recldent McKlnley, It
has never been charged with dishonoring
tho nntion. Tho name of tho United States
has bcon distinctly r.dvnnced among the
nations of the earth during tho last fo'ir
years. Not. only has It becorao more
distinguished in a military sense, but Its
good faith and honor havo been recognized
us never before. Tho United States has be
como a financial ns woll ns a commercial
power among tho great nations ot tho earth.
Thero are fow who will deny that this
la n gratifying Mtuatlon; In fact, so fur
as known, there Is but ono public man In
this country who would prefer the reverse,
and that man is Mr. Bryan. Ho appears to
regard it as u great national misfortune
that this nation should be on equal terms,
financially nnd commercially, with the great
powers of the earth. Ho would havo the
country excluded, as far as possible, from
Intercourse with other great nations, He
would havo what intercourse It was 1m
possible to avoid occur under conditions
distinctly unfavorable to tho United States
In thort, ho would make this country
subservient to every great power on earth
nnd ho would do it by a deliberate act of
perfidy nnd dishonor.
Tho proposals to pay the obligations of tho
Unltod States In silver, to bo followed, as
soon as legislation can bo had, by free
stiver at 1C to 1, would bo a palpably dlo
honest repudiation of our obligations abroad
and at home. It would bo such an offense
against foreign powers as has provoked
them to dlttpatcb. their flcota bofore today to
states for tho purposo of demanding retrlbu
tlon. No power would make such a demand
In behalf of its citizens on tbo United States,
but tho American people would not be elated
to feel that only their strength as a nation
saved them from tho Just deserts of their
government's dishonesty. Under Mr,
Bryan's policy tho country would promptly
loco tho prestige galnod by more than a
century of honest and honorable odmlnlttra
A DIAGIIAM WASTKU.
One of Ilrymi'a AtiawerN llluatratra
the Artful Dodger.
Mr. Bryan dodges again on silver. Ho
has dodged co long that wo doubt It ho
can speak straight nny longer. Whero Is
tho valorous champion of four years ago?
This Is hlB Wilmington dodgo In answer
to one of Mr. Nolld's questions:
"Will ho pay tho obligations of this coun
try In silver or gold If olectod president?"
"Now, my friends, I want the republicans
who want that questioned answered to first
find out what tho law requires, und then I
wunt them to know that, If elected presi
dent, I will enforco that law."
But which law? Tho act of March 18,
1S69, makes our bonds payablo "In coin."
The act of July It, 1670, specifies coin of
tho wolght and fineness then nnthorlzed by
law, which Is Incontcstably either gold or
silver coin, Of thu existing bonded dobt
of tho Unltod States $!C0,2tS,CCO Is Issued
under that luw. By tho act of March H,
1900, gold was mado "the standard unit of
valuo" and all bonds Issued elnco then
now $335,250,600 aro clearly payablo only
But how about tho other bonds? Aro
they payablo In gold bocauso It Is the
"standard unit of value," or does the
clause In the new currency act, thut noth
ing In It "shall bo construed to affect tho
legal tender quality as now provided by
law of tho silver dollar," leave these early
bonds still payablo In silver, at tho option
of tho Treasury?
This la tho vital Issue. It la the root of
the sliver question, On these bonds hangs
tho credit of tbo United States. Its credit
U tho measure of all credits.. Today, un
der a republican administration, the holder
of the bond Is given his option. It ho
wants gold he has it. Would Mr. Bryan
continue this option? Would ho pay In
sliver or la gold? Which law would ho
He refuses to say. This 13 his ovation:
"But, my friends, If you ask me to con
strue a republican law I reply thnt I shall
not construe a Ihj until It becomes my
duty to enforce it."
But like nil evasions this evades noth
ing. It deceives bo one, It confuses no
one, With Mr. Bryan's silver record, sil
ver platform und silver declarations is (his
campaign, every otcr koons that Mr.
Bryan, If he got a ehnnce, would pay slhcr
to thn national creditor. His refusal to
tny this niters no man's belief that ho will.
No man who heard him and no man who
reuds this evi.slvo answer has tho slightest
doubt that unless Mr. Bryan lutended to
pay Id silver ho would plant himself on
the easy and unassailable ground that ex
isting luw settled tho Issue ono way or the
For his evasion there Is no excuse. A
Judge makes no decision on a mooted ques
tion until u lno brings it before him. Mr.
Bryan is not running for tho bench. He Is
runnlnc fur the presidency. Ills duties are
but Judicial. They are executive. Ho It
bound to announce his policy. His rcfurat
Is the meren trM.. It Is a patent cam
paign artifice. N )tiM, candidate for the
presidency, lau unit to It aud maintain
publlo respect for his honcr or his princi
ples, for his emirago or his candor.
Itiipi-rlnllxm In London.
Chicago inter Ocean,
('rant, In tho pretence, nt u bcutou enemy
ut Appomuttox, ttllW tho chers of his
own men. Tho pnipio of London faclnc
tho ruin, humiliation nud despair of a.
bravi people, terenmed hi wild exultation.
It wn- a plttles. spontaneous outburst ot
populai renllmctit. Yd withal tho deaoa
t Mutton was nn significant as any oont o
the last tffty yearn in London.
Xrai IIkhh of I'roaperltr.
No hotter It'ustratlon of the general pros
perity of Americans could bo found than la
the statement issued by tho comptroller
of tho currencj, showing tho aggregate de
posits In snvlncs banks and number of de
positors. In omparlson with 1S98 ther
aro now &37,&!T moro depositors and an In
creaso of $5i,253,iS la the savings bank;
Ildlannpolls Journal: "Did that din
puti) ma1;e nvjrh dlfironen In your friendly
ivhitliui'i with tlioso people ne.it door?"
"i think hi,; they won't let us their
telephone uny more.
Philadelphia Press: "What did Allca"
wi'ur to the box party. Harry?"
"She hail on a spotted silk frock, n kind
of pink velvet windmill tn her hair and a
white laco cusendo Imaging down her
Detroit Free Press: Park What did
you takn out un acident policy for? Toll
1 41 tie But my next door neighbor has Just
bought au automobile.
Chicago Tribune: "From th way thlnrs
look now," snld the doctor, "Bryan's rir
,H',l M .ll H,.'f .H'lns. In my opinion he
killed hlmpolf when ho Indorsed Tammany
nnd proelnlmed Hoi's Croker ti prophet."
"In which case." suggested the prolesuor,
"bu cun charge It up to prophet and lost.'1
Minneapolis Journal: "Tlbbs, 1 never
hour you mako nuy fun of your wife's
"Well, no; yon see, she belongs to ra
many cooking clubs that I do a. good deal
of tho homo cooking myself."
Pittsburg Chronicle. "You may say what
you please." raid Mildred, "but I for one
don't llko hornelosH carriages,"
"What Is your objection?" asked Clara.
"Well, Clarence litis one, but when we go
rldtmr It requires all IiIh attention. Ho
hasn't even ono arm free."
Detroit Journal: "I see that the Paris
police have arrested u notorious brigand
operating tit tho exposition "
"Yes, It seems he wus disguised as a
"I wonder what gave him away?"
"Something tn tho wuy ha swore at hl.s
horses, I believe."
Chicago Tribune: Mr. Oldbcau That
Quickstep girl Is getting n little too flip.
Khu told mu thu other day I was trowing
Mr. O.iyboy H'mp! I weigh 2?3 pounds.
I presume sho would city 1 was growing;
TudlnuapollA Pre.is: "What are you nos
ing urntind that Atlautla cablo for?" cald
thu lnbHli'1' to the bluetlsh.
"Oh." said thu latter, nonchalantly,
"merely picking up a few ocean currents.
Philadelphia Press: Sho (angrily) A
womun doesn't know tho valuo of an oath,
eh? Gracious! Do you mean to say a
woman's word Is not ns good as n man's?
He It may bn better, from a moral point
of view, but It Isn't e.s sutlafylng. Any
man as angry us you uro now would
choose a stronger word than "gracious."
MAN AII12AD OK THU MIOIV.
J., I. Montague In Portland Oregonlan.
Thcro nro freckles ns big ns u dollar
Bespangling his cardinal vest,
And watch chains nro luced In profusion
On tho front of his proud, swelling chest,
IIo will pull up ii chair close bcsldo you,
And on tho q. t. let you know
That nu all-star attraction In coming,
And ho Is nheud of tho show.
You may not have heurd that tho super,
Who lu "worked" at tho back of th
In tho 1'iirt of tho coachman, the waiter,
Tho butler, the,' coon und tho page,
Wan shot In a half dozen battles.
And was mixed up In nil kinds of woe,
You may not know this till It's told you
By tho man who's ahead of tlio snow.
You may not have heard that the lady
Who dies on tho stngo from r-r-romorse
Has had a wholo barrel of husbands,
And has handed euch one a divorce.
You may not havo heard that her diamond
Aro worth half a million or bo;
You cannot know this till you hear It
From tho man who's ahead of the show.
Tho loubrette nnd you mny not bellsve It -
Is only Just turned seventeen;
Bhc Is "willowy, uraceful and slender."
So pleiiNO do not vay she Is "lean.
Though sho looks forty-ftvo, do not think It,
I've told you her age, and I know;
I wus given tho tip on tho quiet
By tho man who's uhead of the show.
You may not have heard that the dram
In built 'round a marvoloua tlicm,
Which dawned on tho mind of the author
Ono moonlit Juno night In h droam.
Of course, you don't know that tho title
Was born by the lieartllflro'n glow,
But this tho truth, you can get It
From tho man who a ahead of the show.
You may not havo heard that tho bulldog
Introduced In the tramp-chasing act
Was onrn owned by William MnKlnley,
But such, bo assured, Is tho fact.
You may not havo heard that the hro
Fought duels In Franco long ago,
But If you should happen to doubt It,
Ask the man who's ahead of tha show.
Tho playnrs. from hero to super.
Have lived wondrous lives In the past;
They struggle to keep the facta quiet,
But they get to the public at Inst.
They think lliny are eofe from betrayal,
That they've covered their tecret,
Their Innermost souls are laid open
By tho man who's ahead of th show.
Wo cannot emphasize too strong
ly tho ndvuntuges you K"i y com
lag to us for Klaboce. Tho most
ccmploto and best urranped optical
storo and factory In tho state,
coupled with export optical knowl
odo assures correct flttlnR and ab
solute satisfaction to our patrons.
Besides there Is a price nvln; eco
nomic! M will no overlook.
J. C. Hutcson & Co.
1520 Douglas Street