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Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, November 07, 1900, Image 7

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THE OMAHA DAILY BEE: "WEDNESDAY, ISOYEMBEIt 7, 1900,
BOLO Of THE BROWN PEOPLE
Put the Hitloaal Weapon PUji in tie Life
of Filipinos.
VARIETIES AND USES OF THE BLADE
L'loaely Connected with the Social and
Hellaslou Life of the Islander
Other Weaponi and Their
t'glr Look.
While much li beard of the bolo men In
the Philippic islands, little li ktown of
the bolo Itself and" the Important part It
plays la the Filipino clvilliatloa. Every
llllplno aud Mcro has his bolo. He does
not necessarily carry It at a war weapon.
It esters lato his home life and marks his
social and professional rank by lti shape
nd ornamentation. A Filipino who has Im
proved his opportunities and risen from the
laboring class to the rank of an oScer In
Is terriblr effective. The average Filipino
la as dexterous In handling the auadaag
as a fearing master is with the rapier.
Camptlana, Dald and Hirsute.
The camrllan Is the regular arm of the
Mcro private soldier. It is about four fee',
long aad Terr ibarp. Its scabbard consists
of two pieces of wood loosely tied to
gether with a single plee of bamboo
thread. It Is carried over the shoulder
and Is never unsheathed for the first
stroke. When necessity for iu use arises
It Is brought do a on the head with the
scabbard on It. The blade cuts through
the thread, thus uasbea thing Itself. Tbis
Is a derice used to disarm the enemy" of
tuspieloa. There Is a regular drill thai
the Moros go through with this weapon, cut
ting and chopping with extraordinary
swlftnes? while continuously leaping hither
and thl'.hrr to avoid the return of the
enemy. An Individual encounter between
two eathea armed with the caasplltn pre
sents a cur.ous and startling spectacle.
One sees the sudden stroke, hears the cla;
and rattle of the wooden scabbard us it
lands tnd watches It fall to the ground
In halver. e If the tlow bed been effective
uiy in creaking me weapon. it seems
the Filipino army preserves carefully the hideously trronrruous that the recipient of
poios wnicn cave followed him in ms up- the stroke should go dowi
ward career. At home the bolo Is kept In
a place, tiered to Itself, usually over the door
of the main room. Sometimes one will ie
In a wealthy Filipino or Mcro home as
many as four or five of these blades ranging
from the sucdang to the ornate krls (pro
nounced creee.) These will Indicate that
the owner haa risen In life from the laboring
class to tho land owning class or thai he
has held oOee. possibly reaching the
helghth of a general In the native army.
Mindanao Is" the home of the bolo.
Nearly every bolo of any value at all coxes
from this lslsnd, which Is next In die to
Luton. So far as the, social and proles
atonal significance of the arm Is concerned
the classification of the Moroa of Mindanao
la taeltly accepted all over the Philippine!
aa official. The officers and men of Import
ance In the Filipino army and goverament
have adopted the classification along with
tho wapon Itself
now the Weapon I Made.
All these Instruments are made by hand.
There are several bolo. factories In Min
danao, mostly located la Interior and
mountain towns. There are alio some fac
tories of importance :n Samar and Leyte,
two other large Islands. Criminals are
usually made to work In the bolo factories,
though there ate special experts paid by
tho towns to superlntead the labor. A
factory or "fabrka de bolo" consists gen
erally of a large nlpa shed with hue pieces
of iron and steel lying about to be beaten
Into shape. Some of this work Is so ornate
ad beautiful that one might easily imagine
that It is the product of skilled mechanics.
A criminal can secure his liberty very
go down with his skull
split at the same moment. But the sheath .-1
steel does Its work so swiftly and au'-h
duels are over with the first awing that
rta'-hee the mark. The handle of the
campllan la always of hard wood; usually
t oy cr mjhegany.
The hairy campllan Is the mark of the
OUAIXT CHINESE NICKNAMES
1 father what a quiet, gentle, attractive boy
I Wei Fan was, and he. poor maa. hadn t
1 the least Idea of whom I was speaking un: 1
Odd Meaning of Manj cf tie Illustrious 1 t0 h,. w," Lm
nc 1 son, when the face of the old man lighted
00gnome2 Of UllCa. UP( nd he said:
ju, you meaa uti
That was the boy s milk came. The
n
GROW IN NUMBER WITH THE YEARS
Milk amet, School 'atne. Life
.Name and Sobriquet Heal
.nuri More Heron ruBble Than
Those !len In Snort.
(Coprrlght, lyo. by L T. Headland.)
Someone has said that If ycu wish to put
a maa to sleep or destroy all his Interest la
hat you have to say, jou cevd only re;eat
a few Chinese names to htm. Whether Chi
nese nanus are interesting cr not depends,
however, upon one's understanding of them
as wtil as whvm the name represents.
The name of LI Hung Chang ia no better
sounding than any othir Ch.cese name, aad
ytt it attracts attention and is lull of mean
ing. U is the family name, and Is said to
indtca e its owner's .e cent f.om the rounder
of laolim. This ola man, torn nearly too
years B. C., was said to have been born un
der a plum tree which Is called LI, and to he
was cailed Flum. The given name of a Chi
nese boy Is supposed to Indicate h.s disposi
tion, character, prospects or the desires of
his parents. And so the given name cf the
school name hadn't been rivn until the
boy left home, and so the father did not
recognize It as applied to his eon. Another
man whom I knew called his first boy Got
a Mountain, blsvsecond Got a Garden and
his third Got a Man.
Those who have been following the con
duct of affairs In China aad reading the
pi pen without any thougat cf th . geograph
ical names, except their difficulty of pro
nunciation, would have found pleasure and
Instruction In knowing the meaning of these
almost unpronounceable, but often pcetle.
characters. For instance, when we read
about Shan Hal Kuan we wculd be much
more appreciative If we understood that
shan means mountain, Sal means sea and
kuan the official residence wh h control,
the whole meaning "The City Which Guards
the Narrow Gap Between the Muuntalns and
the Sea Tlea Tsln Is the Heavenly Place,
Pekin the North Capital. Pel Ho the North
River, Hua Ho the Muddy River. Vang Tsua
the Village of the Yang family. Ho Hsl Wu
t the Piece on the West of the River. Chi-
i ncse names also preserve mu;h of the his- ,
tory c. tho past and explain tbe reasons lor
the.r existence. The Grand Canal Is called i
ale and Hearty at 97
: ,1 i i ,1 W
officer below the rank of major. It differs , Krt Chinese diplomat. Hung Chang, may for TnknipcrliBg Grain. The name of Che 1
from the ordinary campllan oalr In the eaa ,,uu wis Bira - Cr "Ue&rnea Treat- i Vnn v.n t.i nA moans Rotkr Terr.ee.
ditall of the carving of the handle and In I " H1 brother, who was also a viceroy, Afiajni uk, nLaM 0f the streets oa
tho fact that a long tuft of hair Is at- known as "Bottomless Bag." perhaps In 1 whlch th, vart0Ui piaCes which have been
taehed to the handle. This hair is dred i reference to the depth of his diplomacy. i- p.vin are situated. The Meth-
k... i in I.I HUnr rrianr tfeA mi.mi "111. ... ... .
, UUb W .
with vegetable dye, usually a deep red.
icrretlmes bright jellcw or green. In
former times the hair ornamentation a
from the head of a slain enemy. It is eald
that even now the scalp of the dead foe
1 In some of the Islands a source of supply
Weapon of the Staff Otltcer,
"Illus
trious Bird" In Chins, Is Viceroy Chang
Chih Tung, the famous author of "China's
Only Hope." His family name, Chang,
means "to open out" while Chlh Tung sig
nifies "hla a cave," the whole name sign!-
j fy:cg, apparently, one who opens himself
... . ..... 1. . i L .
Among the staff officers the kris Is the I" Vtl .IV ...J 'J 1 -
favorite w.Mn. If I. f iw . .Sr..""" y -s-vu -ivn taaag imn iuna
feet long. One
It Is from two to three
third of the way down
from the tip it ripples In little wavelets
of steel. It is said that the small twordt
InSlct a ghastly wound, and from the ap
pearance one wculd choose It last of any
to be perforated with. The approved krls
stroke Is for the body with a peculiar
weaving motion of the wrist, supposed to
send the blade home and spread the wound.
Artistically, jhe krls Is one of the most
beautiful weapons In the world. The blade
Is often magnificently Inlaid with gold, aad
and LI Hung Chang as peace commissioner
Is Liu Kun Yl, and his name and surname
taken together Indicate that he win "put
the earth in order." It Is to be hoped that
he wlil fulfill the mission of his nomencla
ture, as ieace commissioner
Misfit .Vatne.
The governor of Shan Tung, who has made
himself ti useful the past few months In
the transmission of telegrams from the
government (?) at Pekin to Che Foo and
Shanghai, la Yuan Shih Kal, whose name
inaicates seal ce is tne "nrsi" o: a "gen-
sometimes with Ptarla and other (ewel
in tneory this Is to make It Cash in the ' cration of victors."
light as It ia brandished above the head Prince Chtng'a name Is Yl Kaag, and
of the chargine leader, a beacon of victory. . proclaims him an "assistant generation.
The krls is the insignia of leadership, t whatever that may mean. As a matter of
Every hlrh officer wears one strapped o! ! fact, Prince Chlag's character Is as
often by turning out some special piece of; 'led to hla belt. Indefinite as his name. He Is one of those
work. Many of tho men become expert In I Very similar la design to the krls Is the nondescripts who never makes any serious
wood and Ivory carving, as the handles of j terclada. It is by no meaas so ornamental, errors and yet never takes a stand which
the bolos plainly indicate. tns blade being straight and the Inlaying, 1 indicates a etroag character.
Commonest of the forms of the national If there is any, of some cheap metal. It, ; Ta president of Pekin Imperial unlver
weapon is the bolo proper which gives the 1 too, signifies leadership in the field and Is. I eltjr. who Is, by the way, one of China's
generic name to all this class of weapons. I aa a rule, the mark of the noscommisstoned creat liberal leaders. Is Sun Chla Nat. His
Simple la design, and without ornamenta
tion. It Is primarily a weapon of war
OSlclally, the carrying of the bolo proper
Indicates rank or position. Its handle Is
cut from carafcao horn and its blade Is
hammered out of a piece of steel. The
bolo o( the Filipino does not enter Into
the religious life of the owner as does that
of the Mora and the native of the southern
Islands of the group, in some Islands It Is
the center of etraage and secret rites. Men
and women perform Intricate and pictur
esque bolo dances, the signification of which
they canaot bo prevslled upon to reveal.
Often a native will dance with the bolo
until he or she falls from exhaustion.
During the mystic dance always performed
prior to a- marriage the bolo plays a most
Important part, all members of the family
or clan finally prostrating themselves bi
fore It and swearing allegiance to It should
the marriage contract ever be violated.
In the north of the archipelago a form
of bolo Is used as an agricultural Instru
ment for the gathering and harvesting of
crops. Of late years these Implements have
become weapons of war and as agencies
of death are far more effective than the
Cuban nlachete- This particular weapon Is
known as the sundang, which when car
ried, places the owner In the laboring class.
It Is now the reguluar weapon of the
oldler In the Filipino army la Luxoo and
the northern Islands. It Is hammered out pf
an old piece of Iron or steel, while the
handle Is usually of wood or horn. The
scabbard is cut roughly out of two pieces
of wood tied together by strips of bamboo.
The weapon is curiously shaped and cun
ningly balanced so as to throw the weight
toward the sulking end. Even a light blow
A LAW UNIO HIMSELF,
Kvery Man Mnut Be That, to Hetaln
Hla Health aad Digestion.
Tcere are thousands of people la this
world who eat no meat from one year's end
to another, and certain savaxe tribes In
Africa and Polynoala are almost exclusively
meat eaters, but while there are thousands
of these, there are millions who live upon
mixed diet of meat, vegetable and grain
and it number Is a critarlon It would seem
that a mixed diet Is the beat for the human
family.
The fact that you wllhfind manr veretnr-
lans who appear healthy and rigorous and
meat eaters equally so, and any number
of robust specimens who eat both meat had
vegetables and anything elce that comes
their way, all goes to show that the old saw
is the true one, that every man must be a
law to himself as to what he shall eat
and drink.
To repair the waste of tissue In brain
workers aa well as to replace the muscle
and sinew of the laborer, can only be done
through the process of digestion.
Every nerve, muscle, sinew, every drop
of blood Is extracted from the food we eat
and digest.
In these days of hustle and worry, and
artificial habits of life, scarcely one person
In a thousand can lay claim to a perfect
digestion, dyspepsia Is a national affliction
aad Stuart's Dyspepsia Tablets a national
blessing.
Most cases of poor digestion are caused by
failure of the stomach to secrete sufficient
gastric Juice, or too little Hydrochloric acid
and lack of peptones and all of these Impor
tant essentials to perfect digestion are
found In Stuart'k Dyrpepila Tablets In con
venient palatable form.
One or two of these tablets taken after.
meals Insures perfect digestion and as
elmllatton of the food.
Cathartic pills and laxative medicines
have no effect whatever In digesting food
and to call such medicines a cure for dys
pepsia. Is far fetched and absurd.
Stuart's Dyspepsia Tablets contain peptln
tree from animal matter, diastase and other
digestives, and not only digest all wholesome
food but tend to Increase the Cow of gastrio
Juices and by giving the weak stomach a
much needed reit bring about a healthy con
dition of the digestive organs and a normal
appetite.
Nervous, thin blooded, run-down people
should bear In mind that drugs and sttml
tanta cannot furnish good blcod, strong mus
cles and steady nerves; these come only
from wholesome food, thoroughly digested?
a fifty cent box of Stuart's Tablets taken
after meals for a few aetks will do you
rcore real rood than dmgs, stimulants and
dletlnr combined,
Stuart's Dyspepsia Tablets Is probably
the safest, most popular and succestful di
gestive oa the market and sold by druggists
everywhere la the United States, Canada
sxd Oreat Britain.
Like the krls, the borong of tho Moro
Indicates ranV and leadership, but rather
the leadership of the forua and the council
than of the field. Holders of political offiue
carry the borong; so does the class which I
we would call "leading citizens" In the
United States. This arm has a broad axe
like .blade and Is rather clumsy to handle.
It Is not for use and Its original purpsse
has been forgotten. The Moro sultans
carry It. Mahogany and Ivory, Inlaid with
gold, silver and Jewelt, form the handles
of these arms. Some of them undoubtedly
are worth a king's ranscm, but these are
kept carefully hidden and are worn only
on state occasstons.
Deadly and Beaatlfol.
Women and children carry the Dunal de
krls. One hardly ever finds a Moro child
with any pretension to family and breed
ing who Isn't the proud possessor of one
of these diminutive but deadly weapons.
Occasionally they come Into play In ch:ld-
un quarrels and the disadvantage of arm
ing an Irresponsible human with a lethal
implement is sufficiently attested in the
subsequent funeral, not to mention the
feud that may result. The woman of the
better classes takes the same pride la her
pusal de krls aa does her more civilized
sister In stylish apparel. Seldom Is this
weapon more than a foot long and usually
It Is not more than seven or eight la?hes,
but the blade Is well pointed aad sharp
ened. In shape It Is an exact replica of
the krls on a small Scale: sometimes even
more ornate In Inlaid device. A punal de
krls beaten blade, handle and scabbard
from solid silver Is no uncommon th;n?
and I have heard of punals beaten from
gold.
The qulnabasl 4s the knife of the private
soldier. He carries it very much as the
Amerlcaa private does his bayonet. It s
his general utility blade and not used much
In actual warfare. His whittling, brush
cutting and foraging bring It lato play and
It Is his tableknife when he feels the need
oi aoy. oeneraiiy speaning. It is a uten
sil rather than a weapon, though by no
means to be despised at close Quarters.
Oae of the most Interesting weapons of
the Moro la the tallbong, a sort of heads-
b ex. ii is irom tour to ave feet ong
ana weigns anywhere from four to eight
pounds. In time of war certain companies
are equipped with these arms excluslvel)
acu are used as an advance guard. They
ere also used by the official headmen la
uecapnattng criminals. The chief use et
tae tallbong. frcm which It got Its came
was to sever the head of the victim fallen
In battle. The Meres r.en warring with
otter tribes oi even among themselves
never too prisoners After a battle men
armed with the tallbong were pent amoa
tne nam to finish the work. The weanoa
has now no significance, but Is held sacred
In the families of those who were onee
rommlaslored to use it. While there are
other special designs of the bolo among
tne natives of the Philippines the Imnle-
ments herein described constitute the con
ventional types of the bolo aa officially
recognizee ey tne Moros.
In Great Demand. ,
The distinctions between the different
types of weapon drawn so close among the
Moros of Mindanao hare lost mueh of their
force In Luton and the section Immediately
under the Influence of Manila. SUll even
here the old families keep racred their
tclos, though the weapons do not enter
Into the religious life of the people as they
do further south. But even In Luzon the
native without his bolo stands as a man
without a trade. Every cahdrlver has cae
uader his clothes or concealed among, his
worldly goods.
During the continuous warfare between
tne Mores and the Spaniards the Moro
army was armed almost exclusively with
bolos. There Is peace between the Moros
and the Americans and the greatest good
feeling exists between them. In Zamboanjea.
Illgan and Parang. Parang the chief Moro
cites In Mindanao It Is as safe for an Amer
lcaa soldier to go about unarmed at night
as It Is in an American city. The Moro
Is not deprived of his bolo, but since peaee
has been established many have given their
bolos as presents to the officers. The ma
jority of natives, however, have sold them
as souvenirs. They are In great demand
and th various ships tnd transports enter
ing these southern ports hava ruu the price
up to an abnormal point.
CAPTAIN ARCHIBALD W. BUTT.
They Work While Yoi Sleep,
While your mind and body rest, Cascareta
Candy Cathartics repair your digestion, your
liver, ycur bowels put them la perfect
order. All druulm. J0e, :, 50c.
given name. Sun, means "grandson." and
Chla Nal means a "house rase " "Grand
son of a House Vase," a title which ta
America rnJjht be tegarded as open to the
suspicion of ridicule. The Taotal at
Shanghai, who Is In charge of the tele
graph communications and has scat so
many telegrams the last few months. Is
Sheng Hsuan Hal. His name, Sheng,
means "abundant," and bis given name,
Hsuan Hal, means to "reveal thoughts."
If be revealed all the abundant thoughts
that passed over his wires since the pres.
ent outbreak he would be liable to have
his own thinking apparatus removed with
the sword.
Jung Lu, the, man who was objected to
on the peace commission, has a name
which, means "glorious salary" or "happi
ness," which may be regarded by many as
a fair equivalent, The man who was ap
pointed governor at Tien Tsln when LI
Hung Chang was removed was Wang V.'eu
Shea. His came, Wang, Is the same as
our name king, while Wea Shea means
classical music." He Is not, however.
known aa a composer. General Nleh Shin
Ch'eng, who was In commaad of the troops
which attacked and killed S00 of the Box
ers between Pekin and Tien Tsln; who
was then rebuked by the empress dowaget
in aa edict, aad who was afterward killed,
had a surname which means "hard" and a
then name which means "successful stu
dent.' Here the name fitted, as the road
to military glory ta China Is through hard
and successful study. General Ma Yu
K'un's family name means "horse" and
bis given name a "Jade mountain." Any
American who can make anything out of
this combination Is welcome to the result.
Appropriate and Inappropriate.
The Chinese minister at Washington, one
of the most popular who has ever been
In this country, Mr. Wu Ting Fang, has a
name which signifies "fragrant palace."
The name of the minister to England, Mr.
Lo Feng Lu, means "a rich harvest," while
the name of the minister to France, Mr.
Yu Keng, signifies "much gold," a very
appropriate name for any Chinese wbu
obtains aa official position.
Now let us turn to some of the antl
forelga ccnscrvatlves who have made them
selves prominent and obnoxious in the past
few meaths. Prince Tuan's name Is T'sat
Yl aad means a "clear year." No name
even given to a man was more Incongruous.
He has been largely lastrumenui In mak
ing his first year ta public life' cae of the
darktst la the whole history of his coun
try. The name of Tung Fush Slang, the
Macchu general wr-o has been In charge of
the troops In Pekin and who fled with the
empress as her bodyguard, means "happi
ness and auspicious oiaeas." To whom be
has brought happiness and what auspicious
omens ptecede his ccmlsg it would be
difficult Indeed to point out. Nothlag
U-t fear precedes his coming, nothing but
walling follows in his tracks, and the em
press dowager will discover before sha
is through with him that neither Joy cor
fortuno goes with him whom she selected
as her bodyguard and protector.
Again, take the name of the man who
was governor cf Shantung when the German
snatched away the port cf Ch.a Chou.
His name Is LI Ping Hcag. He Is the ' plum'
who "holds the scales," but as a Chinese
gentleman with whom I was talking a few
days ago remarked: "The scales which
he holds would never weigh out Justice
either to his friends or to his enemies.
The man who was governor of Shantung
when the Boxer trouble began, aad who is
mere than any other persoa respoas.ble
for the whole unfortunate disturbance, as
well as the murder of all the foreigners.
both at Pao Ting Fu and Tal Yuan Fu, Is
Yu Hslen. His came means to "nurture
virtue." He was about as much a patron
of virtue as was Nero la his most fiend.sh
freaks.
Two men among this anti-foreign group
are true to the cames they bear. One Is
K'acg Yl, the principal advisor of her
majesty, whose name signifies a "strong
determination," an "unbending will;" the
other Is Hsu Tung, the tutor to the heir
apparent, who Is SO years old, constitution
ally antl-fereign, and above bribe takiag
His family name signifies "slow" and his
given came a "varnish tree." "Slow as a
Varnish Tree" he is, and as steadfaet and
stubborn. '
Changluar of autrn.
The Chinaman has almost any cumber of
names. As a baby he receives his "milk
cane," when he eaters school, his "school
name:" when he enter life, a title or "life
name." Aa old friend of the writer bad la
the Pekin ualverstty a s,on whom, he had
not seen since the lad left home to en er
upon his studies. I bad cever known this
studeat by anything but his school name.
i odlst mlision ta on Hsaio Shua Hu Tung or
"Filial Piety urtot." the American Baard
of Foreign Missions at Teng Shlh K'ou're,
or the "Mouth of the Lamp Market," the
school fcr the blind on Kaa Yu Hu Tung, or
"Dried Flih street," the Presbyterian mis
sion oa Ya'rh Hu Tung, or "Duck street,"
which runs off Yea Tal Chlch. or "Pipe
street," and the London mission oh Lu Jou
Hu Tung or 'Donkey Meat street, while
the Society for the Propagation of the Gos
pel Is oa Juag Hslea Hu Tung, or " Silk
Thread street-"
Some Hiahlj Decrlptle Titles.
The names which the Chinese give to all
kinds of foreign Inventions, machinery and
Importations are not without interest. The
ear Is called a "fine wheel cart." the en
gine a "fire cart head," and the railroad an
"Iron read;" The steamer Is called a "fire
wheel boa't" and the man-of-war only a
"soldier beat." The bicycle is called a
"self-moving cart," cr a "cart that one can
himself move." The phonograph Is called
a "talk-box," the telegraph an "electric
wire," the telegram an "electric letter.'
and the telephone a "talk wire." "Coal
gas lamps" and "electric gas lamps" are
sufficiently clear not to need explanation.
A fountain pea Is a "water pen." a desk
Is a "book table" and a washstand Is a
"wash face table."
Xo Csqape from Mcknatulnc.
That rule which cautions us against talk
ing about feet In the presence of a club
footed man does cot apply In China. Every
peculiarity, particularly If It be physical
and obvious. Is eagerly and promptly seized
upon as a basis for the almost universal
habit oi nicknaming.
The founder of the Taolst sect goes by
the came of "Old Boy," Lao Tzu. This Is
cot applied to him In any sportive sense,
but because It Is said he looked old when
he was born. It great officials and found
ers of religious systems are not free from
being nicknamed, it cannot be expected
that the people will spare the common
herd, or the forelga devil.
The members of our tnlsslaa, la traveling
through the country aad talking with the
people, were commonly addressed, though
not in a spirit of rudeness, as Mr. "Foreign
Devil," Kuel Tzu Lao Yeh. And the doctor,
when he visits a patient. Is frequently an
nounced in a manner which Is hardly cal
culated to prove cheering to the sick one
"the Devil Doctor has come."
An Individual Is nlckcamed usually from
some physical deformity or shortcoming,
or mental or moral characteristic. A man
wbese face Is pitted deeply with smallpox
gees by the name of pock-marked Ma, Ma
Tzu. The ordinary Chinese method of ad-
dresslag a child Is to call him "Baldy"
either because of his shared head or his
scant hair. A little girl Is called "slave."
Ya T'ou.
A cross-eyed maa. If his came is Wang.
is always "crossed-eyed Wang." Hsteh Yen.
If he Is the unfortunate possessor of an un-
thatched roof be gees by the came of
"Baldy" Hsla Yen; If It Is his hearing he is
"deafy" Lung Tzu; If he la lame he loses
all other personality and answers perforce
to "lamey" Ch'ueh Tzu.
There Is an old woman la the Presby
terian mission in Pekin who Is affiicted
with a birth mark, which almost covers her
face. She goes by co other Lame than
Black-face Wang." HerLlen Wang. Any
peculiarity about the nose, eyes, hair,
beard, feet, mouth or figure may attach to
Its possessor some such rhyme as the fol
lowing' The blg-bet'.led merchant.
He opened up a stall.
But had to sell his trousers
To get the capital.
What pertalcs to physical deformities 1:
true also of mental characterltslcs. I knew
a young man who went by the came of
JOHK W. ATTRIDOE, P7 Years Old.
Duffy's Pure Malt Whiskey
A Form of Food Already Digested.
IS THE TRUE ELIXIR OF LIFE.
It Aids DIcestJon.StlmuLat&s and Enriches the Blood.lnvlg-orates the Brain,
Builds Nerve TLssue, Tones Up the Heart and Prolongs Life.
If you are III write u it will cost you nothing lor advice.
vn. WILLARO II. MOHSE,r .c..Aaerlcan Director of theBureauof Materia Medica, says:
"Dcflv'i Pure Mn'.t WHjiey U the only relltble and absolutely sure cure fcr the Grip,
Pneutaoals, BronchitU, Consumption and wasting diiestes, from whatever caue."
OVER. 7,000 DOCTORS WHO THINK AS DR. XOK8B
DOES, PRESCRIBE DUFFY'S PURE MAIrT WHI8KEY.
Du2y Pure Malt Vuiiiey and Dufiy's formula will cure Ccntnmptlon. Take a teaspoon
(ul in a glau r.I wau-r every two hours. It w Id also prevent Conturaptloa, as it kill! the gera.
It hat flood fevere tests fcr over fr rty year, aad hu always baca found eUalvldf pvt. All
drurcisu and grocer, or direct- ILCO a tottle. Book st free-
To any reader of this pafr who will write us we will send free one of cor
patent Game Counter, for Euchre, Whist, etc. They are unique and CMrcL
DUFFY MALT WHISKEY CO., Rochester, N. Y.
Though ncaring the century
mark, Mr. John W. Attridge
preserves health and vigor by
using DUFFY'S PURE
MALT WHISKEY. The
standard of purity and excel
lencc for nearly half a centurv.
"Three or four tablcspoon
fuls each day" keeps him
well and strong. Read what
he has to say of the world's
greatest medicine:
Rochester, N. Y., Aug. 24, 1900.
DUFFY MALT WHISKEY CO.,
Gtnttemcnt It gives mepleasure to
Trite and tell you that at theigeof ninety,
seven I can see to read and write without
the aid of elasses and (eel xj bale And
bcirty as I did fifty years ago.
I have been taking Duffy's Pure Malt
Whiskey regularly for several years, a
tablespoonfui In a vine glass of vster,
three or four times a day, and I know
that it has prolonged my life and kept me
strong and vigorous. I never was a drink
ing man, and I regard your valuable
vbiskey as a medicine of the best kind.
I have not taken a dose of medicine out
side of Duffy's Pure Malt Whiskey for
rwenty-flve years, and may it do for
other old people what it is doing tor me.
Gratefully yours,
JOHN W. ATTRIDGE.
NO FUSC OIL
a characterise which I had never
noticed until after I heard his nickname.
X center of another mission In PeVIn'
was known as the "Buddhist Priest," Wen
Ho Shan?, because his baldness gave hia
more or less the appearance of having had
his head thaved. Another member of the
same mission had an immense beard and
was always lenown among the Chinese as
"Ml Big Whiskers," Ml Ta Hu Tru.
Two other members of one of the mis
sions In Pekin seem to have been nick
named without any particular reason, one
of them was called the "Old Felow," Lao
T'ou Tiu, and the other "Old Pao," Lao
Pao. A youn; man. a member of this same
mission, was called "My Elder Drothcr
Sea," Hal Ta Ke. while I myself went as
"Uncle Ho" Ho Ta Sbu.
I know another gentleman nho, while in
charge of a school, had the reputation of
keeping order amccg the boys by frequent
use of a ruler, and they dubbed him
"Board." Chla Pan Tiu. A teacher who
kept rigid account of everything was called
"Contractor LI." LI Chang Kuel Tl, or, as
we would say. "Overeer Li."
Oftea nicknames are extremely pat and
hit the mark with such effect that they
characterise for life. One's only hope of
avoiding some humiliating or sardonic
sobriquet from his Chinese friends is to
keep himself pure, geatle. kind, considerate
and Juet, and then If he Is given a nick
name It will be one which reflects credit
upon him. I. T. HEADLAND.
Frofessor, Pekin University.
cupylnc respectively fiats 1, I and S. Mrs
r Insists) on doing her washing; on Tu
day to the great annoyance of Mrs B.,
who Is entitled to that day by flat eustott.
Th agent of the bul.dicg was appealed to
and he sustained Mrs. C. Then the aid'
of the law was Invoked and the rnnorab.9
court enjoined Mrs. C. against trying to
use the laundry on Tueeoay. Thu. one
by one, customs are crystallized Into law.
OCT OK TIIU OHDI VIUV.
Twenty-tiro crematories are In operation
In the Urited States.
A Providence pothunter has Just rud
5.C as the penalty for killlnir one rc-bln,
which birds row are prnlected the year
round by the Rhode Island game law.
A Chicago police captain of a more In
quiring turn of mind than mot of his fel
lows has discovered that the city has tin
ordinance prohibiting the erection of f n"ei
tipped with spike, nails, or other pointed
Instruments under pena'ty of fine ranrlni;
from E5 to VA. The law has Ion; been a
dead letfer. and even the city owns many
such proscribed fences
Prom the outbreak of the corte?t with
the Boers up to the er.d of September the
actual war exoendltureo of the Br.tlth cov.
LAB OH AAD IMDCSTRY.
The United States has sixty-five co-epera-tlve
colonies.
It will bi hown by the new United States
census that fully 1.W9.W3 married women
are employed, factories.
Such a scarcity of sailors exist on the
Pacific coa.t that vesiels cannot leave
port. Vessels lour deep are tied up to the
docks awaiting men.
Common laborers In Spain get from !
to 40 cents per day in the larger towns
and from ?) to 39 cents In the rural dis
tricts. The only factory In the country that turns
cut glass marbles ha just been built at
Ptuben1He, O., and the production will be
1M.:0 per day
Milwaukee's great crane, operated by
electric power, coit iKVO. and can lift 30
tons. It has a alxty-flve-foot span, and will
be operated on a track fifty-six feel from
the floor.
At New-port News. Va., durlnr the time
constituting a. working day, U.57J f'ns of
coal were dumped from the Chesapeake and
Ohio coal piers Into the vesels waiting to
receive It.
Perry made the first steel pens at Blrm
Irgham In 1524, selling them at SO cents
apiece. The weklv output of that city
just now Is 3'.0.03, and some are sold
for 6 cents a grot.
On? of the Chicago bulldlwr contractors
er.gatred In the fight against organised labo.
In that city has lost twelve Jobs In St.
Louie, the men refusing to work on the
buildings so lene aa he Is In any way
connected with the work.
Two hundred unions connected with the
New Tork Workingraen'a Educational and
Homo association have decided to erect a
labor temple. The sum of tM.MO has been
collected to pay for the grcund. which will
cost mini, me new tempie win nave a
roof pardon, a gymnasium ar.d club rooms.
Typographical union No. S of New York
was asked by Comptroller Co!er recently to
submit to him an estimate of tha cost of
a municipal printing plant. The anlon an
nounced yesterday that the plicit would
cost 1$6..iQ. and the building for the plant
about $20.w. or ISOO.CW for building and
p.ant together.
The estimated f.ee.1 rail equipment for
3J Is I.lCO.OuO tons, and the orders for this
combined, five other nations excel us In
exports to Brazilian markets.
South Carolina negroes have surted a.
new Industry by the hand-plctlrg of phos
phate rock. During the iammr they an
chor boats on the Coo? aw river, which fs
from seventeen to twenty-five feet deep,
and dive for the fertilizing rock, ftometlnv
bringing up a fragment w ighlng iai pound.
Trie pnospnate irom tne river uea ts tae
most valuable known.
At Chlcaco Judse OroMCun has- derided
an Interesting case as arblttr for the Brick
layers' union ana Ai&on -r.a uuuaers- as
sociation. When the lockout was declared,
lti February, an apprentice Indentured by
the union haj only served four years an!
two months of his five years' term. TM
boy was thrown out of wtrk acd hU em
ployer refused to pay him wages, although
he was under obligations to furnWh steadr
employment or do o. The controversy
waa referred to Andrew Llnqulst for th
employer. Thomaa Preece fcr the union, and
Judge Grosicup. The latter dc.ded In
favor of the boy and the employer mutt
pay all back wages.
Hla Illce Company Organised.
CROWLEY. La., Nov. . The American
Rice Growers' Distribution company, lim
ited, has been Incorporated here with a
aplul of Jtf.OCO.0.0. half of which is paid.
The officers nre aa follows: William K
Vanderbllt of New York, president: Wil
liam Duson of Crowley, vice president and
general manager; Alex W. Ilallberg of
New York, treasurer; James V. McGovern
of New York, secretary'.
Garland Store ana nansrea
were awarded highest prltes at Paris ex
position, 1KO.
ernraent were uwm W.'.. ar.d tne mc.ai .... .. ., Kiij.ved. will be nlaced
enimate or payments rtlil to r,e M--, gW,,,. after the election. The railroads
based on the declaration that the war Is
over Is IsO.CrO.OCW mire, maktne a total ef
BWAOW. This is nearly e-jual to the pr"
output of the South Afrlcin gMd mt-es
from their discovery to the begir.nlnp of the
"Impulsive Liu." If his tempsr Is bad ' wr- 8 f-f? ". tnd.a h.aLf VY
that gives him hi IJlCknaae. If he lS a th. Amerfr nl!n were ( frnm the
say. he Is called either a face of the earth! A recent careful cut
beokwerm, aa we
"took cover," Shu Pao Tzu,
or a "book in
sect," Sbu Ke Tru. if he is generous or
by a competent person places the whole
number of animals of the kind IlVng t iday
at only 1.0TM. Dr. William T H rr.aday
a-s In hif b-ok concrmlr? the bufTa'o that
bonevolent. ambitious or avaricious, lust
or good, his disposition gives him his namo. ) " w?uId ,hav " fy "ou,r'- ,-
A lazy or useless woman Is JuMly aad per- . th number of huffa-'oe.. living at any given
tlcectly designated as a "bread basket" time durinc the history of the species
acd a "dotheshorse." Sometimes the clck- i previous to 1570.
name hnweirer denecds uon nm rr. I John McDonald, a KanSPS newspaper
name, however, depecas upon some par-1 man wh0 u vUltJnc Sco-.Hnd. says that
tlcular action, as for Instance, I knew one i h recently went Irto a s'ore In a llt'le
of the missionaries who preached a series ' mgniana town ara insneeted tne gorii
of sermons on Galatlans and became known
to his hearers at "Galatian Liu," Chla La
T'aL Another preached a series of ser
mons oa the eight beatitudes and they
called him "Eight Beatitude." Chla Pa
Fu CfcU.
Missionaries Mcknnmed,
Another mlsslcaary, because he wore a
mouse-colored suit of clothes, vent by the
name cf "Mel Mouse," Mel Hao Tzu, aad
still another member of the same mission,
a man beloved by every Chlnamaa with
thorn he came Into contact, was known
among his Oriental friends as "Bllad Pal."
Pal Hsla Tzu, because his eyes were deep
set acd had la them a sightless appearance
played for a!e. finding among thern the f I
lowing American prfdjits: Corn IV ur,
canned beef, canned peaches, canned apri
cots, canned pears, soap, rolled oats, wash
boards, chum. cheee. hams, fiour. sal
mon, applm, forks, hoes, axes, hammers,
saws. Joiners' toils, braces and hits. "Th's
partial list of th.ngs used In a Scotch
mountain village." says Mr McDonald,
"will give r mt idea of the lrame-.se trade
between the United Slates and Great
Erltaln."
An Illinois Judge has Invested, with all
the dignity of law, the rule prevailing in
fiat bui'dinfr that where there le a c m
mon law the tenant of fiat No. 1 ahull
observe the first day of the week, i-om-monly
ca.ied Monday as washday; the
dwellere In flat No. I shall enjoy the prtvl
lege of the laundry on Tuesday, and to
on through the week. The ouesvlnn cme
up on a petition fcr an Injunction. Mrs. A..
Mrs. B and Mrs. C. are Tat dwellers oc-
AfSer All a Regina Music Box-
a Regina Music Box Is the prettiest and
most Inexpensive automatic Instrument
for a home It plnys Itself liy means of
a very jowerfuI clod; movement anil It
plays evcrythluc by means of Inter
changeable music dlscs-nnd it pltys
beautiful by means of new Improved
duplex steel combs They nre made in
this country and warranted lu every
respect They ure sold on eay pay
ments and within the reach of everyone
You are cordially Invited to call and
see and hear them play.
A. HOSPE, '
Unit all Art, 1513 IlirJiL
have more orders for steel bridges r.ow tha.i
ever before, and there are prospects that
order" w-tn crowu in ail winter
Of the total exports of the United States
In IW or.1)' tS.Ti per cent went to the coun
tries of the western heml'phere, and of that
only I.SO per cent went eouth of the ejustor.
Although we buy more of Brazil's grfa
ataples coffee and rubber than all Europe
CRUTCHES
The best
quality of
maple crutch,
per pair, $1.50.
CRUTCH TIPS 25c
A Fair, PsU,5c
The Aloe & Penfoli
Company,
eforaitr 8 ran
aUaalsctsrera,
1405 'arms
Osaka,
Dex L's Armorsd Cru'ssrs
You've heard of them bought them,
probably the shoe with the soles all
covered with miniature horse shoes of
Heel they protect the sole leather sole
so that It's well nigh Impossible for a
boy to wear them out no matter how
blK or Email the boy we can fit him
with a pair of these Armored Cruisers
and the boy Is plphty lucky that gets
a pair they're tood for all kinds of
weather wear and they're only $2.00 for
youths sizes and $1.75 for little gents'
sizes.
Drexel Shoe Co.,
Xew Calalosr-e ready Seat free for
the asking-.
Omaha's t'p-to-date Shoe Uoose.
1418 F AH. NAM STrlBBT.
About Candy.
Our candles have always been tine
candy but never before has it been so
cood as now we are proud of it and
ask you to trv a box and see if It Is
not all we claim for It Just try one box
of any of these raarsbmallows, pure
cream caramels, opera caramels, soft,
creamy and delicious, all flavors
' French honey noucets stuffed dates
angel food taffy all kinds of salted
I nuts and hundreds of others purity of
ingredient Is the first merit then
their freshness adds a further virtue
the result Is a dream of dellclousness.
W. S. Balduff,
1520 FartuuM St.

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