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TIIE OMAHA DAILY BEE: SATURDAY, DECEMBER 12, 1908.
BILLS TO Fir YOUR INCOME
Physicians' Services Bated on "What
the Traffio Will Bear."
CUBES COME HIGH FOB WEALTHY
Better Deri re the Surgeon If Yoa're
rhedeled sit m MlUloa - ,
Charity Praetiee Mast
-un w . nrfc js
i kmM if?
r ' h ssssiss -w,
I! 1 I
Apples, peaches, plums, apricots and all small fruits
grow well in Washington and bring excellent returns.
Eastern Washington alone produces over 20,000,000
bushels of wheat annually. . Oats, rye, barley, alfalfa
and timothy hay are also produced in abundance.
Splendid opportunities are also offered in Washing
ton for the dairyman and the poultry raiser. There
is a large demand for their products.
Descriptive books free at the exhibit car or from the undersigned
F. A. NASH, General Western Agent,
1524 Farnam Street, Omaha.
' f ' ' '
Tloaderoa;a of Revolntlonarv Mem
mrr to Be Restored ud
Old Fort Tlconderoga, famous for lu his
toric associations of the colonial and revo
lutionary wars, is to rise again from the
ruin Into which It has been allowed to
lapse during the century and a quarter
since It was last occupied. The plans are
to have the restoration of the famous place
coirpleted by July, when the tercentenary
of the discovery, by Samuel de Champlaln,
of the lake which bears his name, la to
be celebrated on the site of the ancient
The old fort, together with the 700 acres
that surround It, has been owned by the
Pel,l family "since 1818, and Is now the prop-,
erty of Mrs; S. H. P. Pell, whose father,
Colonel Robert M. Thompson, hns commis
sioned Architect- Alfred C. Bossom. to
Spare ho expense In restoring "Fort Tl"
as nearly as possible to its original ap
pearance in accordance with plans and
documents of which the French and Brit
ain governments have furnished coplea.
Host of the original stone of which 'the
fort was constructed is still scattered abrnn
the place, although a considerable portion
ef It was carried away In the early part n!
the last century by farmers In the vicinity.
Who took. It to build foundations for thrl;
houses. Generations of rello hunters also
have left their Imprints upon Tlconderoga
Held In turn by the mound builders, va
rtous Indian tribes, the French, the Ens
A COMPLETE FOOD
C A Highest Award in
JJ Europe and America
TJ. S. Pal. Office
A medical writer iayj:
Baker's pure cocoa acts as
a gentle stimulant, invigorat
ing and correcting the action
of the digestive organs, fur
mshing the body with some
of the purest elements of
Viller Mil & Co., Ltd.
Eburf4 i78o. BCRCHESTEt, KA&
Ofritat u4. kMonflM tlx hate.
h,w Vails to kHUn Or
u t iu TNUiful Color.
1fi- ftmly 4 Ull tanuip
This car contains exhibits of fruits and farm
products from eastern "Washington and other
sections of the new country along the PACIFIC
COAST EXTENSION of the
St. Paul Railway
llsh, and at last by the Americans, when
the war of the revolution had been won,
the memories of centuries cluster about
the promontory overlooking Lake Cham
plaln. Tl was the key to the Hudson val
ley and the gateway between this country
and Canada. The fortification overlooked
the lower end of Lake Champlaln and the
river connecting Champlaln with Lake
George. There was an easy portage from
Lake George to the head waters of the
Hudson, at the foot of which lies the
present city of New York.
It was In 1609 that Champlaln, with an
expedition of Huron and Algonquin In
dians against the Iroquois, first set eyes
upon the lake named after him and on or
near the present site of .Tlconderoga, de
cisively defeated a band of Mohawks. The
Indians retreated southward and allied
themselves with the British, 'while the
French proceeded to erect Ftrt Carillon,
afterward Tlconderoga, and make It the
headquarters for the occupancy and de
fense of that country. Carillon signifies
"chime of bells," which designation came
from the musical sound of the falls In the
river a mile distant. Tlconderoga Is an
Indian appellation, which means "brawling
water." also referring to the falls.
In 1757 General Montcalm had assembled
4,500 mert at Fort Carillon, and It was the
bas of an expedition which captured Fnrt
William Henry from the British. The fol
lowing year General Abercromble, with a
orce of 15,000, composed cf British regu
'ars, American colonists and Indian allies,
ltd siege to the tort) but suffered most
Msastrous defeat. Lord Howe was among
'.he slain, and the famous Forty-second
Highlanders, known as the Black Watch,
'ost 68 per cent of its men. The total
Britlnh loss was 1.000. A year later Gen
eral Amherst, with a force of 12,000
men, Invested the fort while Its garrison
had been depleted) and captured the strong
" Vast sums were spent In strengthening
the "American Gibraltar." Limestone was
quarried in the neighborhood and piers
were built in the river. Amherst also con
structed at this time the first fleet of
British war vessels which went Into action
In this country. The fort remained in the
peaceable possession of the British until
May JO, 1776, when, by the coup of Colonel
Ethan Allen, it was surprised and cap
tured by the Americans, this event being,
next to the attack of the minute men at
Concord and the sklrnlsh at Lexington,
the third event of Importance in the war
of the American revolution.
The Americans held the fort until July,
1777, when Burgoyne with a force of Prtt
Ish placed a battery cn Mount Defiance, 3
higher point, then known asv Sugar Losf
hill, and captured the fort. A few months
lattr the Americans, under General Lin
coln, recaptured Mount Defiance, released
100 American prisoners, and took
293 British, but failed to retake the fort,
which remained In possess'on of the British
until the end of the war, the last British
garrison leaving It in 1780 .
The fort and the property surrsundlng It
was given to Columbia and Union colleges
after the return of peace, and In lK it wis
leased by F. Fell as a summer home and
purchased by him outright in ISIS. For
many years his heirs leased It to market
gardeners and farmers, but the original
landmarks, earthworks and redoubts have
remained practically undisturbed.
What remains of the old wist barracks
or officers' quarters Is to be restored and
occupied as a museum, while some of the
other buildings within the fcrt Inclosur
proper will be fitted for residential pur
poses. The museum Is to be supplied from
relics in the possession of the I'ell funUly
and the Tlconderoga Historical society and
will be open to visitors on certain days.
The WOMti at the Wire.
One afternoon a young woman stepped
up to ths telegraph counter In a local
department store and in a trembling voice
asked for a supply of blanks. She wrote a
message on one blank, which she ImmedJ
atsly tore in halves; then a eaeood nut
Mil was wrttua out. taat wag trea
Before leaving Omaha visitors
to the National Corn Exposition
are invited to visit the exhibit car
of the St. Paul road at
13th and 'Jones St s., Omaha.
The car will be open from 9 a.
m. to 6 p. m. every day except
Sunday during the Exposition.
Admission is free.
In the same way; finally ft third was fin
ished, and this one she handed to the
operator with a feverish request that It be
"rushed." When the message had gone
on the wire and the sender had departed,
the operator read the other two for her
own amusement. The first ran: "All at an
end. Have no wish to see you again."
"Do not write or try to see me any more,"
was the tenor of the second message. The
third was to this effect: "Come at once.
Take next train is possible. Answer."
LUSCIOUS TURK PASSED UP
What MlRht Happen' Should Dlettao;
Faddist Sarronnd the Festive
It was the family Christmas dinner, Peo
ple had come from all over to attend.
The host a genial, hearty looking soul
flourished, the huge carving knife over the
"Cousin Jane," he asked, "what part of
the turkey do you prefer?"
Cousin Jane smiled a superior smile.
"None, thank you. I am a vegetarian
Haven't eaten a bit of meat for one year,
and look at me."
"I'm," said the host, passing on to Uncle
Jake. "Uncle Jako, what part ."
"I'm on the buttermilk diet," replied
Uncle Jake. "Greatest thing ycu ever saw.
No Impurities In the system. Don't bother
about me. I don't even have to drink but
termilk any more, I Just swallow every
day a tablet containing two billion lactic
acid bacteria, and make It myself inside."
The host passed on to the next.
"Well, Cous'h Adelaide," he said, "what
can I help you toT"
Cousin Adelaide moved away slightly and
scornfully from Uncle Jake.
"If yot please, cne ounce of turkey. I'm
a Fletcherite. Half an ounce would be my
usual portion, but this is Christmas, and
I'm going to be real reckless. Oh, if you
only knew how It makes me feel."
The host turned to brother Sam.
"Well, Sam, what can I do for you?"
"No proteld today, thank you, I eat noth
ing but vegetables that grow underground.
Roots if you you have a few of them they
will be all I want or possible a little bran.
You tee the primitive man lived on roota
Our cliTf trouble toduy la that we do not
get back to a state of nature."
"Pass him the celery," said the host "I
guess that is the best we can do. Bertha,
what can I do for you?"
i Cousin Bertha, a wan little thing, smiled
"Nothing, thank you. I'm living on hot
water. But I had my glass at eleven."
appeal to the Well-Informed la TrJ
walk of life and are essential to permanent
success and creditable staiuL'ag. Aocor
rngly, it is not claimed that Syrup of Flgg
ajid Elixir of Senna is the only remedy of
Known value, but one of many reaaoMc
why it is the best of personal and family
laxatives is the fact that it cleanses,
sweetens and relieves the internal organs
on which i' arts without any debilitating
after effects and without having to increaas
the quantity from time to time.
, It acts . pleasantly and naturally and
truly as a laxative, and its component
parts are known to and approved by
physicians, as it is free from all objection
able substances. To get its beneficial
effects always purchase the genuine-
manufactured by the California Fig byruf
., only, and far sale by all leading drug
"How much do I owe you, doctor?"
"Really, my dear sir, I haven't had time
to Investigate your income and look up
your rating in Bradstreet's"
"Thunder! What a my Income got to do
with your bill for services? When I buy ft
thing I want to pay the market price, which
Is ultimately based on the cost of produc
tion. You evidently want to reverse the
economic law and charge all the traffio
will bear, like the big monopolies. Why,
man, that's unnatural; It's like those oti
"Gently, my friend. You don't under
stand the ethics of the medical profession.
We physicians are not to be classed with
manufacturers or traders. Do they ever
give anything away? A large part of our
practice Is charity. Our prices justifiably
range from nothing up to several thousand
dollars. Our services are humanitarian,
like those of the clergy; they are often
priceless, and Cannot be balanced on a
scale of dollars and cents." v
"That sounds sort of reasonable,' doc. I
feel like apologising. Only It must be hard
for you professionals to figure out the de
tails of a bill, making It match with the
patient's necktie and his diamonds, and all
that. Maybe, the patient's wearing a
'phony' stone, or he's dressed 'way beyond
his means, ' or he's a " rich man dressed
cheap. You must be Sherlock Holmes to
know the right price to charge when you
haven't time to investigate and want cash
on the spot." -
"It is an art," admitted the physician.
"In the words of an eminent surgeon In the
North American Review by tr. A. C. Hef
fenger, 'The fixing of a fee correctly is a
talent which is either born In a man or
only learned after long experience. The
1 physician should endeavor to ascertain the
' patient's circumstances. He can thus be
I in a position, knowing as he does the
gravity of the operation or Its trlvallty, to
, say what theN operation is worth to the
patient. The physician is necessarily the
better judge of the two "
The possession of great wealth carries
with It heavy obligations, it Is stated, and
these obligations are rightfully cashed by
the practitioner. Borne wealthy men don't
have the Instinct of distribution, like col
lege builders and library givers, and these
need encouragement. Legal fees are no
more invariable than medical fees; they
depend on the amount of money Involved
In a lawsuit or the wealth of the client and
the jeopardy of his position.
American fees are not worse than Eng
lish. A city specialist charges from 16 to
20 for an office visit and ask about $160
for half a day's trip Out of town. A day or
two spent away from the office is worth
between tSOO and 11.000. There was a rail
road owner who hired an obstetrical spe
cialist to remain with his daughter during
a critical period which lasted for two
months. The service was successfully per
formed and It was well worth a . fee of
17.000, being at the rate of $100 a day and a
bonus of $1,000.
"That's a beautiful theory; I'll sure
read that article," said the patient.
hastily scribbling a check of sufficient
proportions to avert an Inquiry at his
bank. "Still, you can always argue on
the other side, and I know some men
who'd rather judge for themselves what
an operation was worth, to save their
lives or otherwise. A man who isn't par
ticular about living wouldn't like to pay
a fancy price. An operation may seem
elegant to the operator, like a painting
does to the painter, but that doesn't take
account of the customer."
Standard Charge Impossible.
No standard price for medical services
is possible, according to the argument of
Dr. Heffenger. The fee evolves with the
evolution of the pocketbook. It Is claimed
that one-third of New York City practice
la charity, and much of that illegitimate.
Those short-sighted persons who object
to a sliding scale do not realise lh na
ture of professional services. There was
a mother who objected to a metropolitan
surgeon's charge of $1,000 for removing
her son's appendix, and wanted to pay
only $(00, but the surgeon had witnesses
to prove that the filial appendix was
worth the price, and he received the full
amount. The mother, perhaps with char
acteristic feminine lack of logic, failed
to see the connection between a fat bank
account and plethoric appendix, and that
the removal of one should naturally re
sult In the reduction of the other. From
another point of view, this appendix had
been distended with Rial to lobsters and
other costly foods, instead of corned beef
and cabbage, and It was worth something
to restore the young man to an exalted
Examples of Big Fees.
An ordinary man with a fractured finger
going to an ordinary surgeon might pay a
trifling fee, but when a rich' polo player
had his broken finger attended by an emi
nent New York surgeon it cost him $1,000.
The finger was worth that in polo play
ing for that particular polo player. Again,
there was a person of means who had an
appendix removed from the left side and
paid $ IS, 000 for the job. He was perhaps
thankful that the appendix was not on
some other side. Laparotomy, which is
a more unpleasant operation than it sounds,
was executed on the wife of a wealthy
Bostonlan, and the grateful husband
guessed about right when he sent a check
for $10,009 to the surgeon.
Borne bills are necessarily rendered to
the estates of the deceased person. In
one such case $3,000 was netted by a
physician for a week's final services. A
week still better paid was that of
family phytsldan "who attended a patient
in a yacht from New York to a port In
one of our southern states." The patient
died from tuberculosis as they arrived In
port and the doctor earned $00,000. Dr.
Adolf Lorena, the Austrian surgeon, re
ceived $78,000 for going to Chicago and
treating Loll t a Armour.
The average yearly income of the SOO.OOO
medical practitioners In the United States is
said to be $750. If the exceptionally big fees
were excluded from the calculation, the
average remuneration would probably
amount to that of the low-paid. clergy
There is sometimes complaint of col
lusion between family physicians ind spe
cialists, the former referring cases to the
latter in consideration of a share of the
big fee. Dr. Robert T. Morris thinks j
that the division of the fee between ex
pert and assistants Is Justifiable If the pa
tient is frankly informed of the fact. All
who assist in a esse, before and after
operation, should "share In receiving dig
nified compensation for their services."
New York Tribune.
Moat Foo Is Poleom
to the dyspeptic. Elwtrlc Bttters curs dy
spepsia, liver and klJney complaints and
debility. Price 60c. Kor tale by Beaton
Bat Want Ada. 4jt Buslasss Boosters,
Just Tell the Sales Per
son to Charge It
Big Sale in
Tomorrow we intend to
sacrifice all our hats
which we still have
on hand. Many new
numbers never shown
before, go on sale
Saturday, Values up
to $12.60, at the sac
rificed price of
In other parts of this paper will be found ad
vertisements of the different retail merchants
of the city, urging shoppers to do their Christ
mas shopping early.
Wp also would urge the public to take time
by the forelock and shop in comfort by shopping
In a short while, when there is but little time
left before Christmas, everybody will hurry down
town and return on the cars loaded down witli
packages and bundles; and although wo will
make every effort to provide adequate facilities
to carry the crowds, we know there is bound to
bo severe congestion. Therefore, take advantage
of this splendid weather, the unbroken stocks of
merchandise at the stores and tho opportunity
to travel in safety and comfort before tho rush
BIG COAL VEIN UNDEVELOPED
Extends froaa Donates, Wye., North
ward to the Cm4I
According; to a report recently submitted
to the secretary of the Interior, the largest
eoal field In the United States Is that
which extends from Casper and Douglas,
Wyo., northward to the Canadian boun
dary. All of western North Dakota and
eastern Montana and that part of Wyom
ing lying between the Bells Fourche and
the Bighorns Is an unbroken field of low
grade bituminous eoal and lignite.
As ths federal statutes providing for the
sale of coal land by the general land office
specify only the minimum charge per acre,
the townships Included In this great coal
field were withdrawn from entry three
y.ars ago and the secretary ef the Interior
Instructed ths geological survey to classify
Wo will give away absolutely free of
cost to you a beautifully Trimmed Christ
mas Tree with each and every Cash or
Credit Sale of Ton Dollars $10.00 or over
in our Men's and Boys' Clothing Depart
ment. By parrhnMng theme trees and trimming In Mich
lanrei quantities we are enabled to (five yon A TU1.M
MED CHHISTMAS TRKK Utat would ordinarily cost
jon 93.60. An exact duplicate of the trimmed tree
we (rive awny will 'be on display la our Clothing
Our valneg are equal to any offered in the elty,
and the TRIMMKO CHRISTMAS TRKK IS A
CLEAR GAIX TO YOU OVER AM) AIM1VE THE
SPECIAL PRICES QUOTED rXJR SATURDAY'S
Special Sale of Sincerity Suits
Made up In the latest style and guaranteed wear.
Special values for Saturday a
selling, at 1
A Trimmed Christmas Tree Free
with each Gale of $10.00 or over
HerVs A List ot the Premiums;
2 pounds of eandy
1 pound mixed nuta
1 dozen of oranges
1 package of figs
1 large paper girl
1 drawing slate
1 set of blocks
1 set of games
1 large glas marble
4 candy ornaments
8 other ornament
1 fancy toy
1 toy acrobat
All of the above articles and a tree go free with all 10 on
JR MEN'S AND ROYS' CLOTHING DEPARTMENT ONLY.
rpM rraa n f rhftrff. wh.n a,.im -4 . t.
... o iiiioiictci niiu wucrtver instructed.
Handsome Furs for
In fancy neck pieces and muffs. Come in minks,
natural and blended squirrels, foxes and coneys; b1HM)
all are new and very stylish. Prices range from JS
on down to
Great Sale of Ladies'
Consjsting ,of a new and large assortment of
garments are made in the very latest style, $.
ana many are worm up to SZU.uu. All
go on sale tomorrow, cash or credit,,
at the low price of
Special Salo of
black and brown,
trimmed with satin
bands and buttons,
110.00 values, for. .
eitner riare or
$18.75 valueB. .
a FA ON AM STREETS. OMAHA.
(Tbs Peoples Furniture ana Carpet Co, Sst. 1887.)
& COUNCIL BLUFFS
snd value the land. This work was begun
In northern Wyoming last year, when a
party under J. A. Taft examined the erea
between Sheridan and Clearmont, and an
other party, under E. W. Shaw, studied the
Casper-Douglas end of ths field. The work
was contlnuped this year by H. 8. Oale,
who connected with Mr. Taff's work on the
south, classifying ths area about Buffalo
and Trablng, and by R. W. Stone, who
carried Mr. Taff's work eastward from
Clearmont to Roset.
Mr. Stone, who has Just returned to
Washington, has mads ths following state
ment of ths scope of 'ths season's work:
"All of the coal 1n this field lies nearly
flat and In what are commonly known as
"blanket seams"; that la. If coal outcrops
on one side of a hill It probably extends
through and will be found on tlie other side
o( the hill st about the same level, so that
ths geologist who can rsad ths natural
Fancy tree ornaments
1 box randies v
1 lot candle holders
00 or over purchases
1 1 ..111 Jll..A.
Xmas Presents J
In black only,
Special Sale o! Toy Trunks
Tomorrow we place on
sale 250 children's toy i
trunks. Thy ore eub-V
Manually inuile and nrp A
positively the gratt'HtT
toy thai you can Rive to
a child. Cannot he iluplt-.
cated elnewher.- I'm- Itjav
than 125 or I1.C.0.
thpm in nnr u-lndnw. I !
sale Saturday at
signs can trace a coal bed for miles, even
though no coal is seen on the surface.'
"Many ranchers appear to think that so
long as there Is no coal tn sight the land
cannot be classed as coal land. This view
la obviously erroneous, for even a twenty
foot coal bed may be completely hidden by
a grassy slope, and yet by a little digging
may become a paying mine. Therefore,
such an operation as shoveling down ths
top of a bank to conceal a coal bed at IU
base neither deceives the geologist nor
makes noncoal land out of coal land. The
fact that thers is no eoal at ths surfacs
in a whole township does not necessarily
Imply that it is noncoal land; there may be
a workable coal bed just below ths surface,
a fact to be determined by examining ths
geology of the surrounding area or by
drilling." Washington Herald.
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