r "V -
JIE OMAHA SUNDAY BEE: DECEMBER 13, iy08.
Sfe GOEKT IS MMG
Chrislmas prcserils witii character-Long remembered kind
An ever welcome present
) -". X' ' '''
A present deeply appreciated
Our letters are in great favor
with the subjects oj the king.
M tT,' ....
-! J". ... . .!" - .
rsfs Process" tette
Height to nhade, 12 inches. Ex-,
treme. length. 22 inches, 16 inch
Murano shade. Green and opal,
tt's Keasonssie As tns rrtea.
Ask about this It's a llg bargain.
Height to shade 12 inches. Colo
nial brass with 10 inch opal dec
Ileal present very low priced.
Time i dpcis not fado the boauty of tho conceptions in our stock
Long association brings a fuller appreciation of their perfection
In giving Christmas presents the cost of the article giren la
secondary conskWut Ion- choice conies first. One article may
involve an expenditure of only $5.00 while another, costing 160
will not receive, even as much appreciation, as the cheaper on.
This is strange, but true. For this reason the Christmas problem
demands your most thorough consideration. Useful articles ad
mired and commended by friends of the recipient are the ones
which place the. donor in the highest regard. Have this in mind
when you make your selections. '" . ' t ' '
A man 18 best at his own" trade or vocation. The Jack of all
trades" is master of nonethe reason is obvious. The fixture
businesses ouf. business all our time Is given, earing for It,
keeping Always abreast of the tiroes and pleading our cutomers.
' This Is the reason we are now in a position to offer you such help
ful suKfiMons in choosing your ChrlBtmaa presents.
..The time is not too soon to make your selections, for' now
Otfr stock affords the widest variety of choice and at this date cmr
courteous trained salesmen will be pleased to offer you special at
tion in showing our wares.
Tou will not be nrged to bny e welcome you as a visitor.
The Den, Desk, Library, Dining room, Drawing room; Recep
tion hall. Newel Post, nook or corner Is beautified by an appro
priate lamp bearing the a tamp of individuality Our display In
cludes designs ranging in price from $6.00 to $160.00.'
Our Christmas importations, now oh display, represent the -highest
artistic achievement Ja practical light combinations and '
Include a wonderful assortment of unusual and novel forms with
delicately colored shades to harmonise-) when the question of
practicability arises, a suggestion for the home naturally presents
itself. The sentiment of an evening lamp will make its donor ap
. The great care exercised In the selection of our Immense dis
play of lamps, canopies, drop lights and odd lamps Is characterized
by tho diHtinctlveness of each design every one is a realisation
in metal of an artistic life thought, and the story is told but once
there are no duplicates.
It will be our pleasure to reserve any selection you choose
and it will be delivered at your owa option.
Wholesale and retail gas and electric
.-j' . fixtures. '
1511 Howard Street
Next door to gas office
If you will select a Xm&i gift Which
will be admired, appreciated, remem
bered and useful examine our stock.
Burgess. Granden Co.
Wholesale and retail gas And electrlo
1511 Howard Street
Next door to gas office.
Open Evenings Until Christmas,
NECESSITY OF GOOD ROADS
History, at Well at Erery-Day v0b
; " serration. Teach; Their Value.'.
GREAT POWERS ROAD BUILDERS
Economic Wiitt'la United States
" by Knioi of Had Roads la So
Large an to Be Alraoit Be
yond Compotntloa. "
(From a Btaff Correspondent.)
WASHINGTON, Dec. U (Special.) Be
cause the assertion cam by-able from
France that the percentage of Improved
roads in the United States was but Itt of
the total mileage, or that approximately
only 160.000 miles of the total mileage ot
M60.000 has been In any. degree Improved,
a wave of comment was ., created, and
learned editors and students of economics
wonderful why this nation waa so far
behind the nations of the old world In
thia xnrl Important of all clauses of pub
llo work. '
When, during the sosslona of the Interna
tional Good Roads congreaa at" Vaiia, ' Di
rector Logan Waller Fage ot the efflce of
public roada of the United Btatea Depart
ment of Agriculture, quoted those far from
encouraging figures, the correspondents
Immediately seised upon them and aent
them rushing under the Atlantlo to this
aide; here to create discussion In various
newspaper and niagaslne sanctums and by
millions of readers.
And there wran't anything new about It
Tho offlclala of the office ot public roads
In many bulletins, farmers' reports;
. through the medium of public addresses,
and In many other wuya, have taken de
linquent state and county officials to task
on Innumerable occasions, . because road
building In the United States Is an In
cident, rather than a great universal im
proving function. There are scores of rea
sons why the United States should lead the
world. In good roads many of them are
economic, while cne is sentimental.
Good loads and National Greatness.
It Is especially worthy of note at this
time that from the very dawn of civiliza
tion the nations which havo ruled the world
have led all others In road building and
road maintenance. If the links in this his
toric chain are to'' bind the United States
to - Egypt, aVrWnVaKhe-i' 'Aorn and
France, a few hundred thousand miles ' of
perfect highways must be laid without
delay. , ' ' i
Of the five first nation Just mentioned,
each has In "turn held supremacy both as a
world -power and as a- road builder, i In
ancient Egypt Is found the first authentic
record of a permanent road. '- StlsThtly to
the east of the Greet Pyramid of Cheops
at Glseh haa been discovered the remains
of a stone causeway. It la about one mils
In longth and archeokwrlets believe it to
have been a portion of a road built from
the Arabian mountains io the Bite of the
Great Pyramid. Its purpose being to make
easier the transporting of the material used
In rearing that vast tomb. Inasmuch as
historians date the construction of ' this
pyramid to the fourth dynasty, there Is re-T
son to believe that this road Was In per
fect condition 4,000 years before Christ was
born. ' "
It was long been believed, principally be
cauae of the writings of Herodotus, that
King Cheops employed 100,009 men for a
period of ten years on the greatest of the
Egyptian roadS, the one which led from
Memphis to the Pyramid, and which has
been described as a superb boulevard,
flanked on either side with temples, mauso.
learns, statues, perfolaS and porticos, and
having magnificent , hard.VsnWoth-Surfaced
driveways. . '
With the downfall of Egypt and the rise
of Babylon, that city f beauty reigned
over by Bemlramaris, who caused to be
built the wonderful hanging gardens, came
another era of road building, for the Baby
lonians reulized that the construction of
roads and bridges waa absolutely essen
tial to a military and commercial suprem
acy. Splendid roada radiating from the
groat city were laid' at least 2.000 years
befbre Christ; reaching to Memphis, Suae,
Eebatana and Sardla. The "great royal
road," written of by Herodotus, extended
from Suza to Surdls, a distance of S12 miles.
At Intervals of from eighteen to twenty
five miles, stations . were established at
which carriers could be supplied with fresh
horses. Inasmuch as the distance covered
by these carriers was from sixty to 120
miles a day, the proof la convincing that
that ancient road was as good as Is any
In the United States today.
t'arthaara and Route,
After Babyton came Carthage, and the
glory of Carthage was between 1234 B. C.
and 835 B. C. Perfect roads made com-
Tho proper coat for these cold,
blustry days is one of our
Military Collar Ulsters
Single or Double Dreosted
Dressy In Appearance
Snappy In Style
RlOht In Rrlce 313.00 to 823. OO
WOMEN'S SILK COATS
and Heavy Weight Ulsters or Auto
Ceats for Winter Driving
J57.450 to $25.00
.... Step In and See Ttiem..'..
Omaha Rubber Go.
- 1608 Harney Street
jj lusit Around me Corner'
muhlcatlon possible between every portion
of tills great domain, and ts a large ex
tent gave it the power to withstand for
ten ' years the' onslaughts made by relent
less Home before falling victim to the
Roman edict "Carthage delenda est."
When Carthage had been wiped outi Its
conquerors became Its most ardent Imi
tators In road building, and wlthlrt a' few
decades had laid the moat remarkable sys
tem of roads the world has ever known.
The despotic sway of Rome over the then
known civilised world was dye as much
to this comprehensive network of atone
surfaced highways aa to the might of its
legions. Hills were cut through, ravtnea
filled In and rock mountains leveled, both
to aecure material and to avoid grades and
circuitous routes. These great military
thoroughfares, crossing the Alps, extended
to Spain, Austria and the regions of the
Danube. Africa and even Asia were in
cluded In this great system.
60 massive waa the construction of the
Roman roads' that the Appian Way, built
by Appius Claudius, still lives, and 800
years after it waa laid down. It was In per
fect condition. N6 such roads would be
laid today. They were heavy, cumbersome,
and though effective, not at all to be de
sired. In fact, It' Is estimated that under
present conditions a road such as Is the
Apptan Way would cost at least $200,000 a
mile to build. After the fall of Rome
road building became a lost art In "Merry
England" It Is true authorities, had passed
laws that along certain highways "hedges
In which wicked men might lurk" were or
dered cut, but that was about all the con
sideration given to the roads.
France Taken Vp Task.
Louis XIV awakened to road necessities,
and demanded that the roads of France
be bettered, and, under the administra
tion of Colbert, the famous comptroller of
France, 19,000 miles ot hard roads were con
structed, this movement beginning In 165L
A most brutal and unjust burden was
placed upon the . peasantry of France to
bring about this improvement, for it waa
done under the feudal corvee, or forced
labor system, the poor people simply being
driven to the roada and made to do the
work without pay. , ..-
To one of the greatest men' of history,
the first Napoleon, credit must really go
t t-r the present wonderful system of French
roads In fact, for the roads of civilisation,
for to a great extent those of, Germany
Krgland and other countries are copied
after the French system. It was Na
poleon's Idea that no nation could take
rank as a great rrJlltary power without
reads over which annlea could be quickly
moved from point to point. With the.t in
view, he built roada through the empire,
the great one over the Blmploa pass, which
waa begun In 100 and flnlnhed , In J,
being atlll considered one of the greatest
of all feata In road building. . It was at
this time that Tresauget came to. the fora
Future generations will give credit to
Tresauget as the real originator of the mod
ern rock surfaced highway. His first trea
tise on broken stone roads brought superb
resulta In that he set forth the marvelous
system which maintains In Fiance today
That system Involves daily reports by in
spectors of every yard of national road
throughout the country. This wh le sys
tem Is under the supervision of an in
spector general of bridges and highways,
who Is responsible for every mile. lis
army of assistants see to It that ditches
are kept open, holes . and ruts are filled,
sand and earth removed after rains, that
the trees and bushes are trimmed, and that
the surface of the road so maintained that
a single horse may at any time cover
eighteen miles ot road, dragging behind
him with ease a weight which, a dosen
yoke of oxen could not haul through many
miles of the boggy quagmire which In the
south and southwestern portions of our
country are called public highways.
Work for Americans.
If America is to maintain rank as the
Wading nation of the world, there is work
for highway engineers,' and the time Is
short' - "
' But It is not' only sontlment that should
promote' the construction and the mainten
ance of public highways throughout the
length and breadth' ot this country; there
are coltt dollar reasons.' . Poor roads Im
pose an 'Unnecessary financial burden, not
enly Upon those who most constantly use
them, but upon the men and women who
consume the products grown In the rural
Sections and brought to cities and towns
No more convincing study can be had
than that of the' economic waste placed
upon the sh6ulders of the 85,000,000 people
of this land from the almost eriminelly
shameful condition or 2,000,000 miles of rad.
Every pound of farm products brought
from rural sections to thickly populated
centers has placed upon It a fictitious
value, because it costs the farmer more to
transport ' it than it would coot him were
the roads In passable condition.
Everybody who thinks must concede the
evident fact that If a farmer with two
horsea can draw but 600 pounds to mar
ket In five hours, he would save money If
with one horse he conld 'haul 1,800 pounds
In two hours. Were the reeds In good con
dition he could do that and more. Any
saving In hauling a ton of farm product
would bring a benefit not alone to the
farmer, but to the consumer, and if the
product hauled each year was large. It is
not hard to figure that the saving would
be large. Figures have been assembled to
prove that owing to the frightful condi
tion of almost all American roads, it cost
26 cents a ton a mile to haul. The superb
roads of the old countries of Europe make
possible the hauling of farm products at
12 cents a ton a mile. Therefore, every
ton hauled coeta the American farmer IS
cents more per mile than the farmers of
the old country are forced to pay. The
average length of haul of -farm products
In the United States Is 1.4 miles; thereor,
were our roads aa good as those of France,
the farmers' gain would be I.I times U
cents, or approximately $1.21.
What Bad Roads Cut.
Let us see- what that amounts to In a
year In hauling but a portion of the pro
ducts which traverse the country roada In
wanns. The United States Department of
Agriculture, through Its office of roads,
has collected the figures and they may be
accepted as aproxlmately accurate. During
the crop year of 1906-6. 86,487.000.000 pounds
of farm products, consisting of barley,
corn, cotton, flaxseed, hemp, hops, oats,
beans, rice, tobacco, wheat and wool
were hauled from the places where they
originated to shipping points. This vaat
weight did not. by any means, include
all of the crops produced, the most notable
exceptions being truck products and
orchard products, the tonnage of those
two amounting hlg-h In the mllllone. Neither
did it Include any tlgures for forest or
mine products, nor for those things which
go In wagons from ths cities back to the
country districts. Were all those included,
one may easily see what a vaat annual
aavlng would be made. As It la, however,
of the figures quoted above at a saving of
IS centa per ton a mile, the cash benefit
to the farmers would be $08,u0,0uai
Beyond "that, homever, the Interstate
Commerce commission has assembled other
freight figures, a most conservative esti
mate and most liberal deductions from
their figures tending to prove that 260,000.000
pounds ere annually hauled. By the same
method of figuring as that adopted above
the hauling of this would result in a
saving of about $306,000,000 a year. It would
appear that so vast a sum should not be
annually thrown away, simply because
those responsible for appropriations of
money to construct roads cannot be brought
to a realisation of their tremendous Im
portance. The time f6r aa awakening Is
hers, and the quicker the awakening
occurs, the greater the benefit the farmer
THERE'S A REASON
1 hey re better than the average
and they look like real typewriting.
If 'you believe
in boosting your
business, send for
the letter man.
MANGUM & COMPANY
LETTER FACTO RY '
lOO SOUTH 13tl- ST.
Auto 'Phone A-1885. OMAHA
It Is aa ensr anaiLr j .
through The Bee Want Ad. eolumna
December 9-19, 1908
Do not mis the interesting and instructive
features of tb Union Pacific exhibit of Cali
fornia, Oregon, Washington, Idaho and Old
The Premium List Aggregates
To be divided among exhibitors from the differ
ent States. One prize of $240 per cars, for ten
ears, or $2,400 in all, of this class.
Coma to Omaha via
. ' EI.etrlo Block Signal Protection
THE SAFE ROAD TO TRAVEL
For beautiful Corn Exposition folder and
further information inquire
CITY TICKET OFFICE
1324 Farnam St.
Phows Bell Dong. 1828 and Ind
E. L. IXMIAX. O. P. A.,
. Omaha, Neb.
WORLD'S BEST HUNTING TRACT
Wanders ( the African Rearlon to Be
Eitrd by the Rooaevelt
.. Hnntln Fmrr . , -
The great equatorial forest . Of South
Afrloa, which the Roosevelt huntinf party
will explore, Is estenslve enough to, cover
the whole state of California. The trees
are acacias, mahogany, teak, score of
various palms, mimosas, rfottonwood, bays,
ferns, climbers, runners,' rubber vines, eon
yolvull ot such alee that they choke .to
death the forest giants around which they
ollng. There are rattans, canes, mosses,
swampy glades full of lilies and orchids;
there are the myriad Insect denlsens of the
Wood, Including the gollath beetle and the
tsetse fly; and the birds gulnaa, toucan,
groeabeak, quail, heron, flamingo, crane,
This forest, Which. Mr. Roosevelt will
penetrate, shelters the ehlmpensee, highest
of beasts In the animal world, and the
pygmies, the lowest, of men; Its fauna
feeds the elephant and trie giraffe, the
largest of the beast kind, the nightingale.
Sweetest ot song birds; the redtalled gray
parrot, best of feathered talkers; the two
horned viper, most venomous of serpen ts,
and the python,' largest of land snakes.
The gorilla la found only near the Atlan
tic, In that part of Africa to which Mr.
Roosevelt will not go. J. J. Reynard, an
engineer of the Cape to Carlo telegraph
construction staff, says that the lions are
as . common as Jackals and their roaring
around the hunter's camp at night la con
stant. Mr. Reynard says he would rather
travel by veldt than by river, because of
the prevalence of crocodiles, the most dan
gerous enemy of the traveller.
Mr. Roosevelt will probably make aide
trips along the route, such as to the base
of'Mount Kilimanjaro for elephant shooting,
within qasy distance of the Mombassa
railway; to the headwaters of the Athl
river In Kltkuyu for antelopes and other
game of the plains; to the Tanganyika
region for lions, where they have become
a pest, especially near the mouth of the
Lukuga, on the west shore; to the valley
of the Bemllkl for the okapi. This valley
lies between Lakes Albert and Edward
Nyanra, and can be visited in the return
trip from Tanganyika.
The rifles, shotguns and pistols which the
president will take with him would stock
a email armory. Some of them have been
picked out for him by Mr. Buloua, and
others have been selected by the president
iilmst if. Chief among the guns will be the
death-dealUijg automatic Remington, t&
callbre, Which van stop anything from
a tiger to an elephant. It carries five car
trlges In the magasine, which go In on
a clip, and when fired the rifle automatic
ally loads and cocks itself. The bullet
mushrooms In the animal and crumbles
any bone If may bit.
Such a rifle fired with a soft-aoaed .bullet
will penetrate ten inches of solid oak, or
five-sixteenth of an Inch of steel armor
plate, and goes through ordinary cast
steel like cheese. New York World.-
SAME NAME, SAME LIVES
Remarkable Coiartdenee In the Ex
perience of Two Ueorga W.
Sharing the same name, the same city
address, and In common many ' of the
most, remarkable experiences of .. their
Uvea, is the result of the discovery ot a
strange series of coincMeivres made by
George W Anthony of Burlington, N. 3.,
and Oeorge W. Anthony of Burlington,
N. C. Despite the similarity in names
and the fact that their lives have seem
ingly run in parallel channels, the two
men remained in ignorance of each
other's existence until a short time ago.
It was the mistake of a postal clerk
that finally brought the two men to
gether. Mistaking an "N. J." for an "N.
C." in the state address, the man io the
postofflce sent to the southern Anthony
a letter that should have come to Bur
lington, N. J. Explanation of thu mis
take and the rectifying of the uaine
brought out the facts of, the dual cogno
mena A short time after this the men
met at the home of Mr. Anthony in Naw
Recounting their experiences, It was
discovered that while the New Jersey
Anthony had been a drummer boy in the
northern army during the civil war, his
guest had filled a similar capacity in a
southern regiment, and that their com
mands had fared one another on more
than one battlefield. At the aame time
they had been mustered out and began
the fight for a livelihood. The upward
struggle for both was fought with much
hardship, but both won, the man in the
north to build up an immense retail trade
and his southern naineaake to own a rich
Then the two men found that even in
their bereavements their dual fate had
pursued them. Each had lost his wife
about the same time and both were wid
owers when they met.
Now, to their mutual surprise, a new
experience has been duplicated. Mr. An
thony of New Jersey recently married for
the second time. lie and his bride had
scarcely returned from their wedding
tour when he received a letter bearing
the Information that his friend of dual
name la North Carolina has also mar
ried. The two men have been unable to dis
cover the least trace of even a distant
family connection. New York Timet.
Can to Thwart Safe Blowers.
A chemical company has devised a
grenade or glass receptacle, filled with a
chemical compound, aa a means of mak
ing It, Impossible for safe blowers to rob
a safe after breaking it open. It Is an In
irffeuaiv looking article, about two inchas
m diameter and five Inches long. Inside of
the exterior tube are aeven smaller ones,
each filled with a different chemical. When
the door of the safe la blown or the safe is
Jarred heavily the grenade explodes and
ft air Is filled with the deadly fumes.
It 1s f lelmed that these fumes, which so
far as effect Is concerned, ate not unlike
the gases front the deadly Chinese "stink
pots," are powerful enough to make breath
I rig Impossible and to force all persons
rear the sate te retreat or be almost In
stantly suffocated. The grenades are made
with a lanting effect of from six to ten
hours, depending upon the slse, and are
placed juel buck ot the locking mechanism
of il.u safe d-xirs. The Pathfinder. . !
All the world loves a bargain. Yovt can
find bargains by watching the Want Ad,
rages of The Bee.
I POSITIVELY CUBE
IM A rW DAYS.
I do not use the dangerous
"One Treatment" t
PARAFFIN (WAX) INJECTION
nor any other doctor's method.'
I are the Inventor of the painless system c4
curing rupture, and tue only puyalrtan la
this country who holds from both the United
States and Cauadlan goveraments patent
trade-mark lor a Kupture t'ure, which baa.
restored to health thousands in the put
twenty years. All others era lin1tor.
product eurtt without pain or s mrgical e Mrartea
1 HthrrlKi yOMno or ttuoid. If auatlent doubts
my ability to cure, just put the money In a
bank aud pay when saUaiied. Ho other la
will do this.
I have a treatment for the cure of
Rupture that is safe; It Is convenient to
take, and no time lost. -
a raw or my cttbed rirami
Arnold Born. Norfolk, Neb.: Raymond
Leonard, llolsteln, la.: Fred Johnson.
Elk Point, S. U.; W. E. Andrews. Ponce.
Neb.; iiiiK Wilier, Akron, la ; Ja. M,
McMillan, Hoi k ltapida, la.; John M. Co.
riloux City, la.; Anion Crosier Cherokee,
la.; U l: I'iUiner. Kult Eke City. Utah;
W. H. Nolle, (Postmaster) Holslsln, la.;
W. II. Roeber. Wakttield, Neb.; CLrtS
Arduser, Bi-lden, Neb.
Whim taking my treatment patients
must come to my office, and they caa
return tbs same day. References: First
National liana, Sioux City, la., and the
I' H. National Bank, Omaha, Nab.
For further Information call or writ to
fr'ItAXK H. Wit AY, M. D
aWosa aae Bee Blag, visa Mi
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