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THE OMAtTA St'XDAY BEE: DECEMBER 13. 1008.
j A Big Market Which Could Be Supplied with American Made Goods
f 'z if urn ' mt
. Lai.. . -r MA i I I
and tbo Vnitol Bliton oug!t ti futTlai
them. During my tay In I'ga d.i 1 wrnt
ovpr the twent -irvc n li g via -jcta which
we Fliipmd tliir ami put up. They r.'
aa aoliil its when .they wire tn.ilt. and
Atiicr.c: inl.rCKl unite I.iIh nd brl'!ge
haw thereby acquired a a'd reputation.
In the Sudan I mw Paklwi.i loromollven
carrying the trHffic on the new roMd from
the. Red Fea to tl'.e Rudail, and there are
aoirie Atnertcnn rats In nr in Bo-.ith Af lea.
Tha piejudluii la otrongly In favor of Eng
1 ah-hu It loeoniotlvea. but the ctulrkiii-sa
wllh whxh rupi Ilea van te turniaheU from
f e I'nlled St.t a In a great point In favor
of American order. As to lumber for th
reads In the way i f tlef, rt, niu h of that
la now ahlpp?J horn tho L'nlled Elites. In
and almiit the K!mber,ey mines t'.e e are
V mlU a f track laid wllh Anient an rulls
and tho ties arc of Call.'crnia red wo t ex
ported from Ban Franc io, A gieat doil
of Orrgrn pine tomti to South Africa. . nd
all tho watr .used In Cape Town flows
through Iron pipes made In the United
Vacle Pam on the Karma.
I find t'nele Sa mln evidence on the
African farms. His agricultural Imple
ments are In use from the Zambesi to
Cape Agulhas, and his farm wagons axe
to be teen on tho highlands of British
Bast Africa and Uganda. Tho first wag
ons were brought Into that region from
Wisconsin by an American .millionaire
named McMillan, who haa a 20,000-aore
ranch near Nairobi. They worked , so
well that other planters tiave Imported
them, and they are now tho most com
mon wagon of that part of the world.
In Rhodesia many Illinois plows are
t I' il B?J f a
TfiHI I t '1
; , J 'fill'-
(Copyright, 191-8, by Frank O. Carpenter.)
TEAMSHIP 8AXON, Union Cas
tle Line, En Route Cape Town
to Southampton.) Special Corre
spondence of The Bee.) The
and avt fc 1
United States congress has re-
est' flea r.,r,,.,A tn .i.Ii.miia a. steamship line
' X" w York to Cape Town, and Uncle
When wens asleep to the possibilities of
will WTltevfrcan trade. During the last ten
JiXoiTyfis I have been traveling through the
vai'ious colonies. The people are alive to
' the value of American goods. A big wedge
S has already been inserted and a few sledge-
' . . . ... ... .. I . . 1. 1
i.ammer diows win aimi uui wajr imu .ma
i pnrt of the continent.
S .Few people realize the enormous wealth
ihat Is bottled up In the Transvaal and
t Cnpe Colony. This steamship on which I
am going from Cape Town to England Is
one of 12.000 tons, and It belongs to a
fleet of 'twenty or more. There are several
large Oerman lines which send regular
steamers around Africa, and there are
many vessels from Scotland and England.
whi4h ply regularly up and down the east
and west coasts.
The Saxon Is one of the fast mall ships
t n.4 It Is now loaded with treasures.
own In Its vaults there are packages of
rough diamonds worth Jo.OOO.OOO. Great, yel-
low gold bricks whose value Is 25.000,000
t n n . 1 Tn lw.1,1 K ., n natplnfl
. wu muic, iii mo Hum "' me American managers snowed me an en
t 'feathers marked for London worth over sine uaerl for nnmnin. .hiM, i..i . j be built to Lake Tanganytki. The Loblto used, and in Cape Colony I saw
11.000.000 and we have In addition a cargo
of sheep's wool, Angora mohair and great
bales of cowaklns and goatskins.
Sontn Africa's Bis Trade.
& this ,. only one ship and other.
are leaving every few days. The exports
of South Africa are now running at some-
thing like 1376,000.000 a year, and the im-
ports are over 1250,000,000, making a total
oarcylng trade. . ol ' rooso than 1626,000,000.
All of this goes in European YCels s.nd
the greater part of the freight Is paid to
the Germans and British. The goods are
sent to Europe, and many are then trans-
shipped to the United States. We are the
best customers for the diamonds and the
ostrich feathers, and many of the skins
find their way to our tanneries.
We should have steamships and banks
of our own through which to do our bust-
DSas without paying toll to London. As
it is now the banks of South Africa are
onerated with British capital, and they
are all yielding big dividends. The Stand-
and Bank of South Africa pays 17 per
cent and the Natal bank made a clear
profit of $500,000 last year on a capital
of $2,600,000. About the lowest Interest
in Johannesburg is 8 per cent, and one-
eighth of 1 per cent and more Is charged
on remittances abroad. There are several
thousand American citizens living and
doing business In South Africa, and an
American Bank of Johannesburg with
i.uoo,ouo capital ought to be able to pay
a dividend the first year.
Onr Trade with Dostth Africa.
I believe that our trade with South Af-
rlca could be greatly Increased. At the
time or the war it ran up as high as
$$$,000,000 per annum, and is now some-
thing like $18,000,000 or more. In 10 It
was almost $20,000,000, and there Is a
prospect of a considerable Increase. The
country Is now having hard times, but
there are signs of improvement, and at
present the various colonies are purchas-
lng $?0,000,000 worth of foreign goods
every year. The Transvaal la taking al-
most $90,000,000, Natal buys $40,000,000,
Orange River Colonies $18,000,000 und
Cape Colony $90,000,000 and more.
Amerlcan goods are popular In South
Africa. Our foodstuffs are found eery-
where. I saw California fruit. Alaska
salmon and Ohio oatmeal on sale In Sal-
- " -
E. CLYDE ROBBIN8, OEORQB A. Tl'XFORO.
Csdar Rapids. Harlan (leader).
THIS TRIO DEBATED WITH WISCONSIN AT IOWA CITY
f I fwl " '- -
CHICAGO BTHI.T ENOINB AT RAND GOLD
lebury, Rhodesia. I ate Chicago cannod
beef: at Victoria Falls on the Zambesi and
rode In an American buggy about Kim
berley. During my stay at the diamond mines
Mr. Alpheus Williams, the manager of
the De Beers syndicate, showed me a tel
egram stating that 150 brood mares and
four asses had Just been shipped to him
from the United States. He says the
American mule Is largely used In South
Africa, and that he has now about li.OOO
of them, which came from Missouri, em-
ployed In the mines. American mules are
used In Johannesburg. I -saw them In
V .1 r. w i , .. nnil ,)..,.. OHA ...... ..,.. 1 1 ..
a........ , anU a,, biuu.n; MKiiif
lng their way into Rhodesia. A great
many were brought here at the time of
the war, and they proved so good that
more are wanted. Mr. Williams expects
to breed mules on the diamond company
farms near Klmberley. His asses, by the
V " ul'D "
iicau .,uv niuc-i-i-, uuu 1UU uruuu
mares will cost altogether about $40,000.
I find American machinery used In
nearly all the South American mines. Baldwin-Westlnghouse
electric locomotives drag
the blue ground containing the diamonds
out of the great pipes at Klmberley, and
American pumps keep the mines dry.
While walking through the works one of
. 1 . .
wheM thlrtv ff.B in
"That engine," said he,
"has the blg-
Kesi wneei or tne itinri in h w.u t.
was designed by a well known Amor'i,,
engineer named Seymour, when he was
In Africa, and the plans and specification.
were sent to Simpson & Co., the celebrated
engine builders of England. They thought
the Job too big for them, and we then for-
warded the plans to Frazer & Chalmers
of the United States. They made the wheel
tor us and It works like a charm."
In the Transvaal gold mines a great
Part of the machinery comes from the
United States. The Rand bought 15,000,COO
worth of new engines, drills and other
machines In 1905, and a great deal of it
wa nt 'rom New York to Southampton
nd thence down to Cape Town. All of tha
diamond drills used are made in America,
No mlnH started until the ground has
been tested by a "bore-hole," drilled
through 1,000 feet or more of rock. This
drilling is done with a disk studded with
ough diamonds which cuts Its way down-
ward with a rotary motion carrying Uie
c 'n Its interior. The drill is rained
from time to time and the core is exam-
'or indications of gold. So far there
sre no British drills, which cost from
$5,000 to $25,000, are all bought from us.
It used to be that we sold great uu.antltl.is
of picks, shovels and underground rails to
the miners. .This market has been largely
captured by Sheffield and Birmingham,
as has also that of the compressed air drills
used to make holes for the blasting.
Of late years the Germans have been
gradually working their mining machinery
Into the Rand. They have their agents at
Johannesburg, and they are even investing
in milling stock, hoping to be able to in-
fluence the various companies In favor of
German machinery. We still have the
lead In rock drills and rock breakers, and
as a rule our engines seem best fitted to
get out gold.
Within the next few years there prom-
"s to be a big opening here for railroad
materials. New lines have been projected
er.d are lullding In many parts of the con-
tlnent. The Cape to Culro road, which has
already been extended to more than 2,(0)
nilUs north of Capu Town, is now to ba
pushed on to the topper mines of the Bel-
glan Kongo, and another branch will soon
State University of Iowa
wk . J
Bay road, which la building from Angola,
on the Atla.ntlc, to the Kongo Free State,
will be about 1,200 miles long, and so far
only &but 0 miles of It have beon com-
. mi I. .wl K.llln In
VTl'"?' V?"' S'
t0ard Lake TanKtt7'ka- A
Brl6eB are need:d tor a" theM roads.
Small Boy Hoots Senator.
1LLIAM S. COWHERD, demo-
cratic nominee for governor of
MlRSourl at the late election,
has a fund of good stories, but
none better than this one, which
he credits to the late Senator
George Graham Vest, Missouri's "Little
"Senator Vest was making a buggy cam
palgn In southeast Missouri some years
?n Mr. Cowherd. "His driver was
a small boy, who was duly Impressed wrth
the importance of his distinguished pas-
"At each town visited by Vest the boy
hurried his team to a convenient livery
barn and then raced to thfc court lit use,
or wherever the 'speakin' ' was to take
place, and perched himself with painful
regularity on the front seat. He Invarla-
bly turned his eyes on the senator and
took In every word of the speech, aa if his
very life depended on it.
"Finally the lad's continued conspicuous
presence among his auditors annoyed the
senator, and lie kindly but rirmiy reminded
t,,e boV that It was not necessary for him
to attend every meeting.
" 1 t"ake the same speech each time;
'ou have heard It often enough to know it
by rote, so Just put in your time In th
future looking after the team,' he ad-
monished his youthful driver.
"Despite the senator's objection, the boy
was again at the front seat the next day
and the following day. This enraged Vest
and he thundered
" -Whv do vou nerslst in alwavs occudv-
Imr that front seat: didn't I tell vou I
make the same speech every day? It's as
old and stale to 'you as It is to me. Why
Insist on hearing It again and again?'
CLARENCE) T. COULTEH.
GROWING MARKET FOR AMERICAN FOODSTUFFS.
threshing- machines and mowers
reapers. The Canadians are
with tit as to harvesting machinery, and
small farm tools are boing now shipped
Iiiiih IMm hum Pnrl.nJ nA flur-
" " ' " ""
m8t he re. The most of southern
Africa Is high and dry, and pumps are
from the Story Teller's Pack
'I want to see what you're going to do
Beating the Muse.,
The Hon. Joseph Sibley, who la ono of
Pennsylvania's richest men, and who has
the proud record of being elected to ono
congress as a democrat and to the succeed-
ln congi.-ss as a republican, has a fine
b1 sumnwr place, up on Lake Champlaln.-
aeiignts to rtaKe representatives up to
this house and entertain them. One summer
John Sharp Williams was in a party.
Williams had a fine time.
That winter, when thlnes were dull In tho
house, Williams wrote a poem about Sib-
ley's place. It was a tender little ballad.
describing a love sick couple who sat on
tho fence and spooned at the moon, while
the silvery waters or unamplain Deat witn
fairy . fingers on 'the shimmering shore or
words to that effect.
He took it over to Sibley. "See here,
Joe," ho said, "I've written a fine poeni
about, your place up on Lake ChamplaJn.
Sibley read It and handed It back without
"Whut do you think of It?" asked the
"Rotten," said Sibley.
"Why so?" flared Williams. "It's a good
poem, snd that's a fine touch about those
pnopln slntiing on the fence In the moon-
"Fine touch," snorted Sibley. "I should
think It was. All the fences on my place
are made of barbed wire." Saturday Even-
The Aruie of Wealth.
Lucas Clew, the novelist, told tills story.
An old nurse had a very pretty daughter.
The girl met a millionaire broker at Broad
stairs one week end. The man proposed
and they were married. An excellent
Lucas Cleve raw the mother a short time
after the wedding.
"Molly has done well, hasn't she?" she
"She bas that, ma'am," said the old
"Her husband Is very rich, Isn't he?"
"Rich! Save us, yes. Ye should see,
ma'am, Moll's brougham, her ouchman
and footman, her motor car. and her
diamonds snd pearls. Oh. she lives high.
Quite like the nobility and gentry, ma'am.
Why. she strips for dlnner!"-Nsw York
A Trial. Anyway.
A Scotchman stood beside ttie bed of his
dying wife, anil In tearful accents asked
was there anything ho could do for her.
"Yes, Candle," she said, ."I am hoping
you'll bury me In Cresburn klrkyard."
"Hut, my lass." he cried, "only think of
tho awful exjitnee! Would ye no be com-
Xortable here In Aberdeen?"
"No Handle; I'd no rest In my grave
unless I were buried In Craeburn."
"It's too much you're ackln'." said the
lm-liig husband, "snd I cannot promise ye
ony such thing."
"Then Sandle, I'll no give you ony peace
until my bones are at rest In my native
"Ah, weel. Maggie." said he, "I'll Just
rle ye a three-month trial in Aberdeen an'
See how ye get along." Philadelphia
RoatMvelt and Urania.
"Roosevelt has a fine sense of humor,"
said an old timer In New York. "When
he was police commissioner, he used to go
axouiid and keep tabs on Uie police Dim-
needed for irrigation and other things.
Many of the mills come from Chicago,
but asme are from Indiana and else
where. Cape Colony Is rapidly becoming a
fnill..tl.. ..,1 I,
enough to have narrow-gauge electric
lines in them, and on many the fruit is
self. He came upon one standing a. a
bar one night before a large, full grown
glass of whisky which he was about to
consume. Roosevelt touched him on the
" 'What is your name?' he asked.
" 'What business Is that of yours?' the
cop demanded. 'What's your name?'
" 'My name Is Roosevelt,' answered the
"The cop drank the liquor set down the
glass, wjped his lips with the back of his
nana anu men lurnea on me commissioner,
" 'If your name is Roosevelt.' said he,
My name Is Dennis.'
"It I remember, Roosevelt let him off
with a reprimand after that."
EG INNING with the first Sun-
day of the new year. The Bee
will publish some striking
revelations of the mighty
changes which are now taking
place In the far eust. Since
Russlus defeat by Japan, the other fildo
of the globe has become the world s chief
news renter. All Asia Is now In a tur-
moll of unrest and the air ' la full of
'""'"i u war.
Alive to what the Jananese have done,
the 4G0,Ou0,Ono Chinese are crying out for a
constitutional government. They are es-
tabllshlng schools, opening factories and
organizing armies. They ere wiping out
the opium evil, tearing the bandages fror.i
their daughters' feet, and Introducing the
elements of our civilization. The empress
dowager was in line with this movement,
and the greatest of the Chinese officials
are aiding It. Indeed a new China has
sprung Into existence within the last two
years, and the Yellow Giant Is slowly, but
surely girding his hins for a fight with
The revolution is now extending through
out the remainder of Asia. Little Slam has
already put on the seven-league boots of
modern progress. Malaysia and Burmah
are building railroads, and the 3u0,000,0uo of
East Indians are discussing the breaking
away from England.
A little farther west, the Persians are
making the land of the shah a hotbed of
rebellion, and the Mohammedans of Tur-
Key, In their strife toward a democracy,
are on tho verge of a holy war.
,At the same time, the Japanese are ad
vancing as never before. They are In
creasing their army and navy, are build
ing foundries and factories, and by their
merchant marine are fast making t lie Pa
cific a Japanese ocean. Within the last
few months they have taken hold of C'r.rea
and are exploiting it, and their plans look
toward the control of the great trade of
China. Under tliem Manchuria lias al-
ready become the great commercial battle-
field of the nations, and the md Is not
Indeed, the material and political changes
no ng cn in eastern Asia are such that our
fctato department has recently established
a bureau devoted to the far east. Our
War ami Navy departments are alive to
the new conditions, and It Is sn open secret
that ojt big fleet was sent to girdle the
Pacific as an object lessen.
All these things are but straws which
show how the International winds are blow-
lng. They relate to a situation which Is
not known nor appreciated by the Ameri-
can people, to a mighty revolution, now In
embryo, which In the Industrial and mlll-
Ury complications which It Is tiound t
lT.,,, . ,
1 If ,
!-i Sai'A: I .
-i " f
DURBAN LOCOMOTIVE) WORKS DRIVEN BY ELECTRICITY.
moved to the stations by means of cars
drawn by mules.
Bicycles and Automobiles.
Bouth Africa Is a land of the bicycle,
and it is fast becoming a land of auto
mobiles. Every town of Rhodesia, and
central Africa which I have visited has
its bicycle Tlders. I saw women on bi
cycles In Kampala, above Victoria Ny
ansa; the government clerks uso them In
Nairobi, and they are to be seen every
where In and about Zanzibar and Dnr es
Salaam. There are S.O0O bicycles In Klm
berley and several times that number In
Johannesburg. Many of the machines are
American. They sell for about the samo
price as In the United States, with the
freight and duty added.
As to automobiles, th?re are quite a
rumber In Bulawayo, Klnihei ley,' Johannes
burg, Durban, Cape. Town and Lourenco
Marques. The French have Imported them
into Madagascar and you can get public
automobiles there to take you over the new
roads which have been cut thrrugh Into
the interior. There Is a great demand for
them In and about Johannesburg. The gold
mines run for about sixty miles east and
west of that city and the managers need
cars to give quick access to the various
properties. Among the machines usrd are
some from England, Germany. France and
Italy, anda very few from the United
The most common automobile is a run
about suitable for climbing heavy hills.
The roads are rough, but few hlsh speed
''" " " liH-U. 1 f"'-'
cars are used. The prices average seme-
. . ranlinK
ward. I anTto.d thaf th,
from $1,500 up-
there nre about 800
cars Is and about Johannesburg, and that
something like $l,000,yo north of auto
blles are operated In the' city alone. There
are over 200 cars In Cape Town. The gov
ernor of Cape Colony owns a White
steamer and several light makes of Ameri
can cars are well known. Tnere are many
English and French machines In use. L
found a public garage at Bulawayo, which
wos equipped with French vehicles, and
during my tour through Algeria was able
to hire such automobiles for , nil sorts of
excursions. The average price per day of
fered was VX, but I found that the rate
could be greatly reduced by Judicious bar-
One of the big demands here in the near
future is to be in electrical machinery.
The Zambesi Falls, with Its 35.000,000 horse
power. Is to be utilized, and the London
syndicate formed to take the power to the
Rand has floated enough stock to begin
work. Within a short time there will be
COO miles of aluminum cable as big as your
wrist running from Zambesi river ti Johan
nesburg, end all tho gold mines will be
The Awakening of Asiatic
bring, Is sure to affect us, not only as a
nation, but as Individuals.
It la to give our readers the truth as to
tilt se matters that we, In combination with
several other leading newspapers, have sent
Mr. Frank G. Carpenter to Investigate and
report upon them. Mr. Carpenter has al-
ready left the United States and Is now
traveling in Japan. From there he will
make his way northward Into Cores and
mence overland tnrouan Manrnuria into
China. He will spenU some time In Beoul
snI Mukden, and going on by rail to Pe-
1 x -..
using the power. This means electrical
cars underground and all sorts of electric!
attachments. If the lino is successful the
power will be sent out to the different
parts of South Africa within the above
radius, and the electrical market will bo
enormous. At present our trade In such
goods Is Increasing. There are now elec
tric tramways In many of the cities of
Algeria and Egypt, and an extensive sys
tem Is about to be put into Khartum. Pre
toria wants electric car lines, and It In
tends to lay fifteen miles of track In the
town and Its suburbs. In Johannesburg
there Is a good street car system operated
by electricity, and the same Is true of
Cape Town. Nearly all the deep gold
mines have electric machinery for raising
the ore, and there are electrical elevators
In the big business buildings of Johannes
burg. American goods of this kind are con
sidered the best, and our leading Ameri
can firms have their agents on the ground
looking up the trade.
Large Amount for Foodstuffs.
South Africa is generally considered an
agricultural country. There are millions
of acres In Rhodesia, the Transvaal and
Cnpe Colony which will raise hogs and
ho:iilny, but so far the country does not
begin to feed Itself. In 1908 more than
HCOoo.ooo worth of foodstuffs were Im
ported, und this included more than $1,000,
000 worth of butter and more than $2,000,000
worlh of condensed milk. The most of the
meat still comes from the United States,
although our packing house products were
greatly Injured by the lying book, known
as "The Jungle" and the wide publication
which our government gave one of the
packing house investigations.
During my stay In British Central Af
rica I stopped with the manager of one
of the mines there. As we sat at dinner
one night a dish of Chicago canned beef,
cooked in a stew, was brought In. As it
was served the "Jungle" was referred to
and I was asked whether the stories in it
were true. I replied they 'were not, where
upon a Britisher at the table answered:
"I don't know. 1 can see that this dish
of canned beef Is all right, but the cook
tells me he found a man's thumb In the
one he opened up yesterday."
This man afterward said he was Joking,
and he spoke very highly of American
meats, saying that the men In the wilds
of Africa could not get along without
them. Everywhere I go, however, I meet
with slurs on our packing house products,
notwithstanding that the men who do tha
slurring are, the while, eating these meats
with great gusto,
FRANK O. CARPENTER.
king will traverse a great part of the Chl-
nese empire. Later on he may make his
way through Slam, Burmah, Hindustan,
Palestine and Turkey.
The results org his Investigations Will ba
forwarded to us from wb in .,,
they will appear as Illustrated letters In
this Journal from Sunday to Sunday
throughout the year. No one who hopes
to keep abreast with the times and the
live ranvemonta a-hih ....
world today can afford to miss tliu. i,u
I .Mi J:IV, i