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THE OMAHA SUNDAY BEE: DECEMBER 13, 1903.
MYSTIC RITES AND CUSTOMS
Curiosities from the Folklore of the
QUAINT BELIEFS AND PRACTICES
Modfrn Adaptation of the Aarleat
arrlflrea to tar (! fr'alta
Moves Simple People te
Do Odd Thlasrs.
name at the last sheaf. Blind man' buff
la essentially a Christmas game; we hare
already f n that the sacrifices of the
winter solstice are highly Important; the
distribution and wide popularity of blind
man's buff bf-sr further testimony to this.
Wi may Infer that the Christmas Mum-
mera originally officiated at a sacrifice
at this season. We know from Strutt and
other authorities that the Mummers fre
quently wore animal masks. We may fur
ther conjecture that the animals paraded
at this season ofthe year were not tree
or corn spirits, appearing "after their win
ter sleep was over; they were simply vic
tims, like the wren and the squirrel."
Around the feast af the nativity folk
lore and superstition' have woven garlands
of Imagery tht stretch from the cradle
of Bethlhem td the- present time. No other
errch In the world's history has given rise
to such an abundance of curious customs
and strange beliefs. Linking the visible
here with the Invisible hereafter, the bound
less void between the two lures unques
tioning faith to tho uttermost limit of
credulity. Stskespeare was Impressed with
the prevailing beliefs of the Christmas sea
son when he penned the lines:
Some say that ever 'gainst that season
Wherein our BavVir's birth Is celebrated,
The hlrd of dawning slngeth all night long;
And then they say, no spirit can walk
The nlfehts are wholesome, then no planets
No fairy takes, nor witch hath power to
Bo hallowed and so gracious Is the time.
Though the warp and woof of Christmas
superstitions and customs runs the thread
of faith In the good will of the ruler of
our destinies. The Incredulous may scoff
.at what In this cnmmcroiallxed ago ap
pears to bo mental delusions, yet the fact
remains that most of them are wholesome
In thought and purpose.
Apple Orrhai-d Incantation.
Some of the customs, many of them ob
solete, may be traced back to pre-Chrls
tain times, when the sacrifices to the gods
of the fields and the trees were Important
celebrations In the . middle of the winter
solstice. One of these survivals Is the
quaint custom of greeting apples trees,
which used to be regularly observed In
the west of England. Indeed, It Is quite
possible that the custom may even still
exist, for, according to a writer In the
Western Antiquary, In some places
the parishioners walk in procession visiting
the principal orchards of the parish. In
each orchard one ' tree Is selected as the
representative of the rest. This Is saluted
with a certain form of words which have
In them the form of Incantation. They
then sprinkle the tree with elder or dash
a bowl of cider agatnttt It to Insure Its
bearing plentifully the next year. In other
places the farmers and their servants only
assemble on the occasion, and after 1m
merslng apples In cider hang them on tho
apple tree. The trees having been sprinkled
with cider, a formal Incantation Is uttered,
and after a dance around the tree the com
pany returns to the farm house to conclude
these solemn rites with copious draughts
of elder. Borne times In Cornwall a few
of the household took out a Jar of elder.
a bottle and a gun to the nrchard and put
small bough Into the bottle. Tbey then
Here's to thee, old annle tree!
Hats full, packs full, great bushel bags
Hurrah! and fire off the gun.
A Birthday Hoodoo.
Births on Christmas day have not always
been reckoned to be of advantage to those
children who enter the world on that date;
In fact. In the Island of Cos. such children
are held to be accursed, because they thus
Impiously mlmlo the beginning of our
Lord's life on earth, and when born become
what the Green Islanders call Kallzasarl,
which are curious monsters, believed In all
over ths Greek world.
They are not pleasant creatures, accord
ing to all accounts, combining the worst
features and characteristics of were
wolves, vampires, satyrs, and such like
undesirables. According to this writer.
SAich Christmas children are not born as
Infants but. by the power of Beeliebub
they become full-grown men and women,
or take upon - them some other shape.
They remain on earth for twelve days
until the Epiphany, for on thati day by
baptism the whole earth was made holy,
and all demons are forced to depart from
It. The Kalikaiarl Tee away, crying out:
Flee away, that we may flee!
Priest, with pot-belly, here is he.
With his holy-water brush.
With the sprinkler, too, for us;
lie will sprinkle us about.
And defile us without doubt.
In a most Interesting paper communi
cated by Mr. J. B. Andrews to "Folk Lore"
(March Is a very complete account
of a neapolitan witchcraft, and from that
It appears that
Among witches by birth are women
born on Christmas eve or at the feast of
the convention of St. Paul. Whoever In
vokes ths devil on Christmas eve before a
mirror may become a witch.
In Russia this time, I. e., Christmas
eve. Is considered to be must particularly
favorable to divination, and there Is no
doubt but that the date for the birth of
our Lord has Infused a vast quantity of
mystical power Into old customs, invest
Ing them with a great Importance for
good or evil, according to the manner in
which it was desired thst they should be
regarded. In this country the popular
superstition Is quite In favor of the child
born on th midnight which links to
gether'Chrlatinas eve and Christmas day.
Manilas the Wren.
Another old custom, formerly held In
great repute by our ancestors, was that
known as the "Hunting of the Wren," and
that this should bear trie closest possible
relatton to the old Christmas game ot
blind man's buff would seem to be almost
Incredible; nevertheless their close and In
timate relationship has been most ably
shown by N. W. Thomas In his learned
disquisition on "Animal Superstitions and
Totemlsm" ("Folklore," volume XI, ll00
wherein he clearly demonstrates them to be
tribal sacrifices of the Toiem tribe. The
"Hunting of the Wren" has been often
described, and was pretty general through
out Orcat Britain. Borne :sru of the
country bunted other animals for Totem
reasons at different periods of the year, but
It was reserved for "Silly Suffolk" to hunt
the owl and the squirrel at Christmas
time. According to Mr. Thomas, blind
man's buff corresponds In form to the
"llahnenschlag." which is the sacrifice of
a oock. also for Totem reasons. In various
cruel ways ths English association with
this custom remaining In the word
'cockshy." Mr. Thomas points out that
the game is known nearly all over Europe
by names derived from animals, such as
blind sow, blind mouse, blind he-goat, she
goat, hen, cat, fly, owl and wolf, in
ancient Greece it was known as the
Brsien-fly, In Iceland as the Fox-game,
and In Lithuania "Hare-catching" is a
similar game. Mr. Thomas' remarks are
so Interesting that they are well worth
quoting. He says:
"The explanation of these names is that
the players originally wore masks; ths
game Is known in some cases as the
'Bllnde Mumm.' or blind mask; this Is, per
haps, why la the Hahnenschlag ths person
whs tries to kill the cock is frequently
blindfolded; this custom points to a prac
tice of wearing masks at the sacrifice.
The player who Is H" seems to be the
sacriflcer; be bears the same name as the
vlotlm. just as In agricultural customs
the reaper of ths last corn bears ths same
Passing; ot the Teddy Bear.
"Thank heaven, children seem to be
growing orthodox once again," was the
opening sentence of the letter, with a west
ern postmark, sent by a woman at a far
away army post to a sister who had stayed
In New York. "Little Nan wants 'big
Auntie Nan' to please send her a doll for
Christmas a doll, mind you, and not a
Teddy bear. I could have hugged her the
other day when she hunted up the old one
you sent her when she was X discarded
for months for that Idiotic brown beast
Tom gave her last Christmas. When I re
membered, Kan, how you and I treasured
our dollies, I wondered what was the mat
ter with my baby girl."
And then the letter trailed off Into para
graphs of doll-day reminiscences. How
many dollies they had owned! There was
the big rag baby, an heirloom In the family.
so huge that she wore real Infant clothes,
and had to be held with two arms. There
was the wax doll from Philadelphia,
mourned over for days when brother Tom
left her out on the fence all afternoon 1n
ths hot midsummer sun, and her face ran
Into a mass of shapelessness. There was
the grand bisque Jointed doll, with a trunk
full of clothes, the wooden boy doll, the
black mammy doll, the twins, china, with
shiny, painted black hair and blue eyes
and a wonderful legacy of six tiny babies
that mother had once owned, with minute
but complete wardrobes In bewitching civil
These had been their treasures, but the
youngest girl In the family had trans
ferred her affections to Teddy bears, a
serious grief to the mother and auntie,
who had looked forward to renewing their
own youthful pleasure In that of small
So It was with genuine delight that big
Nan started out on receipt of the letter to
purchase the dolly, whose wardrobe would
need to be made before sending It away,
relates the New York Post "Those who
want dolls had better be buying them
soon," said the clerk, as she tied up the
bisque beauty In her bed of cotton. "I
never knew so many people wanting dolls
since I've been In the toy department. Last
year we had plenty to spare, but I miss
my guess If we have enough to go 'round
this Christmas. Dolls? Yes, madame.
What kind do you wish?" and the brisk lit
tle saleswoman turned away to settle the
destiny of another blue-eyed beauty.
"Other 'little Nans' must be growing
orthodox," mused auntie, hurrying off to
another department after lace and fine
lawn for the little garments. "After all,
children, like grown-ups, may stray from
the beaten track once in a while, but
Nature calls them back every time."
Make Christmas Easy.
Christmas Is likely to be made a trying
time by some folks. That Is a fact that
the publishers of Everybody's realize, for
In the December number they give a few
hints, homely and useful, designed to make
Christmas of 190S a little easier for ail the
members of the family.
1. Let the children, and make father.
help. Your children will know whet your
brother's children want.
2. Make a list ot all the folks to be re
membered. Do It now. Divide the list
among the members of the family, and let
the ones whose judgment you doubt report
plans before making purchases.
3. If you have a tree, make a lark In
stead of a labor of decorating. Let all the
adults help, and neighbors who have no
4. A gift Is supposed to represent your
wealth of affection, not your bank ac
S. You will give more pleasure with a
thoughtful gift than with an expensive
. Getting a big show for the money may
do for some wedding, but never for any
7. If the panic or any. other upset has
made it impossible tor you to give as
usual, write letters Instead. Your friends
will like you all the better, sure.
8. Don't leave letters and cards until the
last moment. Write them at your conveni
ence and hold them until the proper time.
. Mall everything to reach your friends
before Christmas, and mark the packages
"Open Christmas." Late guests and late
Christmas packages ars of a class.
10. Do your shipping early; you avoid the
crowd; you help the merchant and sales
people, and you get a larger selection.
11. Wrap your gifts carefully and daintily.
They give so much more pleasure than
a sloppy package, evidently rushed a if
you begrudged the time.
11. If yo'i send cigars, discover his brand
and don't send worse.
13. Remember the people who have served
14. Any poor near you?
CAPTIME OF SANTA CLAVS.
Oh, little boys and little girls
Have watched the cbunney-place
On many a Christmas eva, to see
Old Sajity'e smiling face.
But never did they catch a glimpse
Of e en his furry clothes,
"Till ho was r&ptured, lack and all,
By Willie, Bob. and Kose.
Tbey wheeled the sofa to the fire
And made believe, all three,
To cuddle in the pillows soft,
And slumber dreamleaaly ;
And whn, at midnight's solemn hour,
Acroaa tht roof they heard
The stamp of reindeer's tiny hoofs.
They neither spoke nor stirred.
Then came a sound of falling soot.
Their hearts began to Jump,
And on the hearth a little man
All snow cani down ker-plump.
And Hose and Bob and Will sprang up.
"At last." they cried, "at last!"
And selk-d him by the arms and legs
And held him hard and fast.
"Now, children." said the startled saint.
"belect your toys, and pray
I have to Journey round the world
Before the dawn of day."
But no, they clung about Ills neck
With ajeriy laugh and shout.
Till both their ptrvius came to see
What It was all abuut.
So mamma got her silver out.
And linen of the beet.
And cut the frosted Christmas oaks)
For their distinguished guest.
And Willie poured the elder sweet.
And papa brought cigars.
And thoutrh Saint Nick protested, still
His eyes outshone the stars.
I wish that I might tell you all
Kris Kringle said and did.
The youngsters perched uimn bis, knees.
But tinw and space forbid.
Suffice to ssy be gavs them half
His dolls and tops and drums.
While nothing of the oake was left
But just some scattered crumbs.
At last a faithful chanticleer
In friendly warning crew.
And Ilka a flash the saint arose
And bounded up the flue.
The children ever since have watched
bach Christmas eve In vala.
But gaol CI a us Is much too wis
To er be caught again.
CALENDARS AND XMAS CARDS
A special department devoted to these
goods in Arcade. Xmas Kstcards, 2ic
to 10c. Holly cards lc to 2c. Holly tasrs,
seals, stickers, labels, etc.
OMAHA'S BEST BOOK STORE
Our enlarged book department covers
a space over 150 feet loti and is the big
gest showing of books in Omaha. A con
venient place to buy your Xmas books.
ALL THE NEWEST
OUR PRICE $1.1
Trail of ths Lontsoms Pins John
Togsthsr Robt. Herrick.
Ply oa ths Wheal Cecil Thurston.
Heartbreak Sill Vlele.
feed City Mitchell.
Ths Spitfire Pcple.
Hsart of a Child Danby.
Ths Barrlsr Beach.
Xisavsa of tore Burnham
Prima Donna Crawford
Holy Ordsr Corelll.
Onset of Qnesaay Turklngton.
Great Kiss Drivsr Hope.
Silver Butterfly Woodrow.
Ths Car and ths Lady Megargel.
Mousy Changers Sinclair.
Long Arm of Kaanlster Oppen
heim. Koand ths Plrs Btoriss Doyle.
Lewis. Hand Johnston.
Idttla Brown Jug- of Xildare
Witching Hoar Thomas.
Circular Staircase RlneharL
Shadow World Garland.
Sunnyslds of the Kill Cary.
The Big Fallow Palmer.
Binding of ths Strong Mason.
B. J.'s Mother De land.
Mr. Crewe's Carssr Churchill.
Tssting-ef Diana Mallory Ward. ,
Qnest Ztsrnal LUUbrldge. (
Plrlng Line Chambers.
Enchanted Hat MacGrath.
Xdttls Brother of ths Blch Pat-
By Bight of Purchase Bindloss.
Mascot of Sweetbrisr Gulch
The Orphan Mul ford.
Lady of ths Mount I sham.
Gantoa k Co. Eddy.
Wroth A. and K. Castle.
Colonel Greathsart Bally.
Original1 1.50 Editions of
Recent Copyright Novels
These are regular J1.50
editions, not reprints....
BBASS BOWL Lewis Vance.
X.IOH'8 SHAKE Octave Thanet.
PIGHTXHO CHAWCE Robert W.
BCUTKXX Louis Tracy.
PHODGAX, SON Hall Cain.
KATOB'B WIT!! Anna K. Green.
And many other titles of which
we have only two or three copies
and cannot give list here.
Victor Hugo's greatest novel, com
plete In one volume. Good, read
able type, good paper and neat
ly and strongly AO.
Best American Poets
75 Cents Each
editions o f
A m e r 1 ca n
on fine pnper
somely bound In dark,
I mmy E
i I cewvunt jl
mJ AKDinr If
1 .1 apnrll B f
Special values, at
Our great Holiday Sale and Display of Books. Come and look over
this immense stock. It comprises the best books of the leading pub
lishers for the season of 1908, and is conveniently arranged for easy
choosing. Gift Books together. New Books together. The Chil
dren's Books together, and so on.
J THP. rS
OWMtD CHANDLER CHRISTY
K. C. CKHXSTT'S STJFEBB
(3.00 GIFT BOOK
The Christy Girl
Beautifully Illustrated in
Also his other volume,
The American Girl
A IJ.50 gift book, DGr
Illustrated In colors. ..
These two books are made
up In the finest styles of ths
printer's art. beautifully Illus
trated In colors and handsome
ly bound. Nothing better could
be selected for gifts.
Beautiful Gift Books
l Book of Sweethearts
Beautifully Illustrated in
colors by Christy, Grefe,
Fisher and others, tl 0.
Our Girls II. C.
book, f 2.50.
The Henry Kntt
trated In colors,
Whea ' Good Fel
lows Get Togeth
er, (juoiaii ins
express Ive of
Cloth, Rc; leath
er, $1 98.
Bongs of Summer.
Illustrate. 1. Ri
ley's new book.
Flowsr of ths
Dusk. By Myrtle
My Lady of the
Pog. By nalpli
Baohslor Belles The new
Harrison Fisher book.
Huperbly Illustrated in
(f irimMe A
edition of a rat
tling good ro
mance ot love end
lustrated in col
ors and Hand
put up In box
for a gift. A 11.26
, book for 13c.
The Chariot Baee.
From "Hen llur."
Illustrated. $1 IS.
Lots's T o n n g
ed by C. F. t'n
Bride's Cook Book.
A besutifully de
signed book of
rerlpes for two.
Homo Agala With
Me. liy James
Illustrated by II.
C. Christy. $1.5S.
Comin' Thro' the
Bys. By C. F.
and The Run
away Boy. Illus
trated by Miss
Belts. Each, $1.18
Record Books for All Occasions
Forgst-Me-Hota, A book for
everybody to make all
kinds of memoranda in.
Cloth, $1.18. Leather, $1.8
Plays and Players. A theater-goer's
$1.25. Leather, $2.50.
Card Clnb Hecord. Blank
pages for recording Inci
dents of parties. etc.
Cloth, 95c. Leather. $1.75.
BECXPXS My Friends' snd
My Owa. Blank pagvs tor
entering recipes. Clotli,
$1.25. Leather, $.50.
IKmOTHY AXI THE WIZ
ARD OF OZ Baum'a new
"Oz" book for this year.
Beautiful colored Illustra
WHILE THE HEART
BEATS TOUHO By
Jas. Whitcomb Riley.
The regular $2.50
edition for 91-38
49c Handsome Editions of Popular Novels 49c
Many of these books have cover designs and illustrations by Harri
son Fisher, Christy and others, and are beautiful looking books.
Whispering Smith Spear
man. CoL Carter of Cartersvllls
Garden of Allah Hlchens.
Brass Bowl Vance.
Little Cltlssns Kelly.
Belda Dameroa Nicholson.
Battle of ths Strong
Fifth String Sousa.
Amsthyst Boa Green.
Bed Saunders Phillips.
Hearts and Masks Mac-
Double Trouble Quick.
Half a Bogus Ma cti rath.
Princess Maritsa Krehner.
Pam and Past Deoidsa
Port of Missing Msn
St rollsr s I s h am.
Bsverly of Grauatark Mc-
Satan Sandsrson Rlvos.
Fair God Wallace.
House of Mirth Wharton.
At Mercy of Tiberius Wil
son. Emmy Lou Martin.
Many Inventions Kipling.
Fur&acs of Earth Hivch.
Whsn Fatty Wsnt to Col
JOft fMU MtrM
Special Bargains in Expensive Editions
An Attractively Hound Edition of f m
Standard Works, Suitable for Gifts, I S O
amped In white on darner
well printed ana Douna.
Shadow of Sin Clay.
Scottish Chief Porter.
Sketch Book Irving.
Lorna Loone Black
more. Little Minister Barrle
Locksley Hall Tunny
son. Maggie Miller Holmes
Marlon Gray Holmes.
Plain Tales from Hills.
Scalp Hunters Reld.
True and Beautiful
Under Two Flags
Wlfe In Name Only
Clay. Vicar of Wakefield.
These volumes are st
colored cloth and are
Admirals Ward Alex
ander. Anderson's Fairy -Tales.
Boat Club Optic
lieu lull Evans.
Black Rock Connor.
Bride of Lamniermoor.
Barrack Room Ballads.
Courtship of Miles
Stand I all.
Children of the Abbey.
East Lynne Ward.
Guy Mannerlng Scott.
Gold Elsie Mailltt.
Golden Heart Clay.
Homestead on the Hill
side. In Memoriam Tenny
son. Ishmael South worth.
$1.23 and $1.50
We've picked up s lot
of high grade books
from leading eastern
publishers, such as
Century Co., Lane,
man's, Little, Brown
& Co., McClurg and
Evans' famous novel
that has been a great
favorite for over 40
years and sold " C
at 60c to $1.60.
Attractively bound in cloth with special de
signs stamped on cover.
The Little Minister
Last Days of Poinpell.
Aunt Diana Carsy.
Black Rock Connor.
The Spy Cooper.
Not Like Other Girls
Tale of Two Cities
Silas Marner Eliot
Prince of the House of
Wide, Wide World
Warner. Treasure Island.
Tales from Shake
Samantha at Saratoga
Gold Elsie Marlltt.
Under Two Flag.
Cloister and Hearth
Scarlet Letter Hawthorne.
Billy Whisker's station Tho new
volume for 1S In this popular
series Full pige Illustratl'Mis in
colors, bright cover design. '
Cats and Kltts. Dogs and Puppies,
Chickens and Chicks Hy Nln.
Francis Trego Mont soniery. Three
new books of animal stories by
the suthor of the -Hilly Whisk
ers" series. Each, 4 Sc.
Beam's American Fairy Tales A new
volume by Frank L. Batim, HSc.
Browuls Clown of Brownie Town Hy
Palmer Cox. Printed In colors. 7Nc.
Orphant Annls Book Hy James
Whitcomb Kllev. Illustrated by
Ethel Franklin Bctts. $1.1 s.
Ths Flaming Sword A beautiful vol
ume by Mrs. Carter H. Harrison.
Court Karmaa Girls Bv L. T. Meade.
Borer Boys on ths Farm (New) By
Wlnflfld; also the other volumes
of the Rover It iys series. 4S.
Motor Boys oa ths Atlantic (New)
Also the other Motor Hoys Locks.
Minute Boys on Long Island 111
Mary Ware, or The Little Colonel's
Chum The new volume In the
"Colonel" scries. $1.1 a.
Ths Tale Cup Rv Dudley. e.
Frontier Boys Series Four bovks,
Dorothy Dainty's Gay Times By
Amy Bnwks. 7 Sc.
Ths Forward Pass By Ralph Henry
Dsts Porter ia ths Par Worth 9Sc.
Ths Spring Clsaning Hy Mrs. Bur
Harry's Island By Ralph Henry
Xing' Time, or ths Mystical Land of
ths Hour lllus. by L. J. Brldg-
Bstty Wales, B. A. The new volume.
Ths Live Doll's Play Days New vol
Boy Fortune Kanters Ssrits Three
books. 4c each.
SPECIAL TWO FORMER
$1.50 BOOKS, 49c
Emmy Lou Little Citizens
LITTLE WOMB W Th e former $5 Il
lustrated edition of this "Jr
famous book; special
Boys' and Girls' Books
Alger Series for Boys over 60 titles.
G. A. llcnty's Books for Hoys over
15 titles Boat Club Optic. Sailor
Boy Optic. Soldier Boy optic.
Young Lieutenant Optic. Boy Trap
pers Custleman. Frank on a Gunboat
Castlenian. Frank, the Young Nat
uralist Castleman. Cudjo's Cavo
Trowbrldga. Drummer Boy Trow
bridge. Following the Flag Coffin.
My Days and Nights on the Battle
field Coffin. Winning His Way
Coffin. Camping Out Stephens. Fox
Hunting Mepnens. Three Scouts
Trowbridge. Coupon Bonds Trow
bridge. Frank on the Prairie Castle
man. Fighting Joe Optic. Poor and
Proud Optic. Work and Win Optic,
Try Again Optic. Five Little Pep
pers Sidney. Moods Alcott. Faith
Gartney's Girlhood Whitney. Gay
worthys Whitney. Aunt Diana
Carey. Esther Carey. Merle's Cru
sade Carey. Not Like Other Gins
Carey. Our Bessie Carey. Daddy's
Girl Meade. Gay Charmer Me in.
Girl of the People Meade. Honorable
Miss Meade. MIms Nonentity
Meade. Palace Beautiful Meade.
World of Girls Meade. Wild Kitty
Meade. Very Naughty Olrl Me.ide.
Sweet Olrl Graduate Meade. Rebels
of the School
M R i e Owl's f- i .Jfirai
Princess of the
Series for Girls
6 books, nnd
lots of other.
Helen's Bal lss
BTT 1 I i 1 1 i I I I 1
BIBLES and EPISCOPAL
PRAYER BOOKS and
A LARGE VARIETY
BOOKS and RELIG
We've a special department
devoted to religious articles,
such as Rosaries, Fonts, Cruci
fixes, Statues, etc., and offer
many great bargains.
THRILLS FOR SWEET TOOTH
Home Made Confections Beach the
OLD FAVOBTTES IN THE MAKING
gpeclfteatloms for Amatears and
est Ion for Kltckeat Experts,
Whiek. Execate, Will
Christmas without candy would not seem
like Christmas at all. especially In homes 1
where there are children, so It Is at this
season of the , year that the housewife
who has little ones who must be supplied
with sweets begins to make her plans for
wholesale candymaklng. for, cheap as can
dles are today, and easily as they may be
obtained, there are still many women who
prefer to supply their households with
home-made dainties Instead of buying
them at the store, even though ths latter
may be quite as pure and wholesome.
Of course, in candy making, as in every
thing else, each year brings forth new
formulas; ths old candles, ones considered
so delectable, get out of fashion, and nsw
sweets come to take their place. Thus,
for example, though taffy, fudge, cara
mels, chocolate creams, etc., are still as
palatable as ever, the mother who would
be up-to-date in ber production of Christ
mas candies must prepare some of the
In place of ths time-honored "fudge,"
she may make the new 'divinity fudge,"
a sweet that Is no mora expensive, thst
takes but Uttle more time, but that is far
mere delicious. Melt a cupful of sugar in
a saucepan; when melted, pour It Into an
other saucepan in which there is already
a cupful of cold milk. Put thla pan on
the flra and cook slowly until ths two
have blended; then add two more cupfula
of granulated sugar, and one more cup
ful of cold milk, and reheat, cooking
slowly until it is of proper consistency to
removs from the stove. At tbis time add
a heaping lesvooaXul of butter and a
cupful of finely chopped nut meats; heat
the mixture with a large spoon until al
most cold, then spread it over buttered
pans, and line for cutting, like fudge.
"Ocean foam" Is another novel candy
that Is now being widely Introduced
among 'lovers of home-made sweetmeats.
To make It, take three cupfuls of light
brown sugar and put it over the fire with
a cupful of fresh boiling water. Btir It
ceaselessly until all the sugar has dis
solved; then let it cook undisturbed until
It will spin a thread. Remove, and when
It stops bubbling pour the mixture, little
by little, over the 'stiffly breaten whites
of two eggs. Beat with a wire egg beater
until the mixture Is soft and creamy, and
while beating flavor to taste with vanilla
extract. At the last moment add a cupful
of chopped meat nuts, and drop from ths
spoon en waxed paper.
For tnoso who like cocoa nut candies ths
following recipe for what is known as
"rocoanut strips" Is productive of an
inexpensive and palatable dainty: Cook
two pounds of light brown sugar with a
cup of water and a tablespoonful of butter
until the mixture bolls. Cut the meat from
a fresh cocoanut Into shreds, and add It
to the syrup, cooking until it threads.
Whip with the egg beater until It ia
creamy; then spread it in buttered pans
and mark in strips for cutting.
Another cheap candy, called "Nut
Creams," is made by boiling three cupfuls
of granulated sugar with one cupful of
rich cream. When of proper consistency
remove from ths fire, whip briskly with
the egg beater, and add una cupful of
chopped nut meats. Spread over buttered
tins and squares. '
An excellent Imitation of one of ths
newest of store candies may be mads at
little cost. These are ths peanut creams
and chocolates that are now In such high
favor. To attain this masterpiece take
soma peanut butter, and, after salting It
slightly, shape It into the form desired.
Some of these may be rolled In fondant
and served plain; others may be covered
with chopped nut meals; some may be
dipped into melted chocolate, or they may
be treated in any manner that the in
genuity of taa amateur caadymaksr may
suggest. In any form, however, they are
quite as delicious as the candles that are
sold in stores.
A fruit and nut delicacy that cannot fall
to appeal to the housewife at Christmas time
Is made by chopping- a cup of nut meats
with two cupfuls of dates, half a cupful
of figs and half a cupful of Maraschino
cherries that have been drained froe from
liquor. When chopped, and they should not
be chopped too fine, mold Into the shapes
desired snd dip each piece Into a syrup
made by boiling half a pound of sugar with
half a pint of water until it will harden like
candy. Slices of orange or pineapple and
dates, figs or any kind of nuts may be
coated In the sxme manner.
Now thai maple sugar may be obtained
Without gTeat difficulty, an excellent candy
may be made by boiling three cupfuls with
a cupful and a halt of sweet milk and half
a tablespoonful of butter for about ten
minutes. At ths expiration of this time
beat with a spoon until the mixture is both
creamy and thick. It may then be spread
In buttered tins to cool, or, for the sake
of variety, the candy may be dlvtded into
three equal portions, one part to be served
plain, another mixed with nuts, and the
third with chopped candled cherries.
Baited nuts are now so great a favorite
that no elaborate dinner would seem com
plete without them. As ordinarily prepared,
however, the salting of nuts Is quite a
serious task, but if the cook dealres to
save time in cooking them sho may attain
the same result more easily by dropping
them Into a kettle of deep fat lard by
preference and letting them remain from
ten to fifteen minutes. Whn dona, they
must be drained thoroughly before brtng
salted to taste, and they will be found to
be just as palatable as ths nuts that have
been prepared by the far more laborious
If you are in search of a novelty. Ins Load
of salting all tbs nuts for ths Christmas
dinner, try ths experiment of "brandylug"
soma of them. To do this, soak tha nuts
for about thirty-six hours In brandy-
French brandy, peach brandy or applejack
will do than cover them with a thin
fondant, or merely roll them in powdered
sugar. Ths result will be hailed with da-
GIVING A TREE TREAT PARTY
Cards lavltins; Little Oaes to a Bis
Tree Are Attached to Lit
A delightful way to entertain the younger
element, says Woman's Home Compan
ion, is to Invite them to a "tree treat," and
as the gift which carries the most sur
prise is the most welcome, this will prove
indeed a rare treat, both to the giver j
auu njLeiver ul mv utiiqje presents. d-iiu
Invitations on plain cards attached to
tiny fir trees, naming the hour and date.
Decorate the room with holly, mistletoe
and small trees; In the center of It erect
an immense trie- on a bd of snow, made
by stretching a canvas or sheet over the
carpet and sprinkling with bits if raw cot- 1
ton glimmering with Uiumond dust. D-c-i
orate the tree with hits of the t:on, I
strings of bright be tils, tinsel, red terries,
tin horns, drums, silver stars, fancy lan
terns, papr aipl-s, oranges and pears und
illuminate with innumerable colored can
dles, or, If expense is no object, colored
electric lights. From the lower brancl.es
suspend a present for each guc-st.
Over the top of the tree hang an Im
mense bell, mudo oS paatcboard and cov
ered with mistletoe. Inside f which hang
a brass bell, and to this attach a cord,
so when ready to distribute the gifts Santa
Claus will appeur in full regalia, ring the
bell and amluMt great excitement call out
In deep, muffled tones the name of ea-h
guest. To one he will hand a small dress
suit case containing a piece of jewelry;
another will reveal a tiny dressed doll; lit
tle white muffs will contain Chr.stmas
trinkets, baskets when opened will be full
of nuts or candy; kodak boxes hold a
sewing outfit (thimble, scissors, etc.); hats
and caps will conceal bracelets, rings and
brooches, neatly tied In holly crepe paper,
and all manner and kinds of much-to-be-desired
The walls, pictures and mantel of the
dining room should be decorated to carry
out ths idea of the holiday season. There
ars offered the most pleasing possibilities
for tha tabse. Trim the sides and ends of
tha cloth with evergreens; for a center
plece use a tor Noah's ark. resting oa a
large mirror, coated with ul-im to repro
ront frost, and place a fat Santa Claus
asirMe the srk; from his puck have little
halters reaching nearly to each plate, to
which tie a toy animal, as place card and
souvenir; hang over Santa's head an lm
mense bunch of holly and mistletoe.
Pol ated Paragraphs,
Agitation Is the antidote for stagnation.
Many a man with wheels thinks ha 1
tha whole political machine.
Kver notice how much happier you are
when you render others happy?
The more money a man has the more ha
Is abused and the less he cares.
It takes a wise man to write a letter to
a woman thai doesn't mean anything.
When a woman writes a letter she puts
In all the useless words she can think of.
The average man begins to sit up and
take not.ee when he hears a Home liku a
And the world woulj be Just as well off
If some stage-struck people were hit by
It sometimes happens that a marriage
license furnishes a man with a good ex
cuse for trying to drown his troubles.
The patient seldom knows anything about
the medicine the doctor gives him and
neither does the doctor, once In a whilo.