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The ecg jne Magazine f)a
IT WOflRIP MF .Pj
T'Sfet Yov Smokiug
WHY DokjY You
SXE.iAR. oip Forz.
Telescope Only Artificial
More Light Than
"How far. can you see with this telo
scope?" Is a question that the astronomer
hears over and over again, and In order
to answer It he Is obliged to1 enter Into a
Ionic explanation of the. nature of vision.
Many people seem to think that thcro
Is a magic power In a telcscop; -which
liable It to render distant things visible
by mime principle quite independent of the
natural operation of the human eye. As
h matter of fact, a telescope Is only n
kind of mechanical eye of comparatively
gigantic Blze, and It holps the natural eye
principally by gathering more light. The
forty-Inch telescope of the Ycrkes ob
Rervatory theoretically collects at Its
focus about 10,000 times as much light ns
the ordinary eye collects, and It docs this
simply because Its object glass is about
M0 times as broad as tho pupil of the eye,
and the amount of light that can pass
through It Is proportioned to the square
of Its diameter, I. c., 200x200, equals 40,000:
The sixty-Inch .telescope on Mount Wll
non collects theoretically, PO.00O times ns
much light as the natural eye does.
Having this vast quality of .light gath
ered In a little Imago of the object looked
at that Image can be enormously magni
fied by a kind of microscope, called the
eve-piece, without losing so much bright
ness as to become Invisible, and thus tho
eye Is enabled to see the object as If It
had been brought ns many times Jiearer
as tho magnification, amounts to.
Thhs If a telescope image ot the planet
Mars Is magnified 1,000 times when the
Planet Is 36,000,000 miles from the earth,
tho eye will seo the planet ns If Its dis
tance had been reducer, to only 36,000
miles, which Is less than one-seventh of
the actual distance of the moon. If the
same magnification Is applied to an
Image of the moon In the telescope the
moon Is seen an If It were only H) miles
away; that Is to say, as If It were resting
on Mount Mnrcy In the Adirondack moun
tains while the observer Is In New York
The ability of a great telescope to bring
into view millions of stars which the.
natural eye cannot see at all Is due en
tirely to Its Immense power of collecting
the rays of light. If the pupil of your
ey! wre six or eight feet In diameter yon
would be able -to see. without any arti
ficial aid, hundreds of times more stars
than the mightiest telescope can reveal.
A slant with eyes of that size would be
Able to see the bottom of the universe as'
easily as you can see' the bottom, of a
sandy broolf. To him the splendor of the
starry heavens 'would be almost unbear
blf. The dog star, Aldus, would blaze.
An American Hero
Seven miles to the east, where I was
born. In McLean county. Illinois, Is the
classic district known as Hell's Bend.
And there was born Buffalo Jones, tho
best man who ever
put his log over a
Buffalo Jones is
getting along to
ward 70 years of age,
but time has treated
him gently-- He la
lithe,- lanky. Hglle
ind loves a horse.
' Buffalo Jones has
preserved the buf
falo from extlnc
lioh", Through his
energy, In catching
the young buffalo
on the plains and
we how have herds,
,ir fine specimens at
east, In a great
number ot parks and zoological gardens
ill over the world.
. Jones took two cowboys and ten Colo--ado
horses and went to Africa, with the
"ntent of rounding up those savage things
which are supposed to claw, choV,
dtstroy and consume everything that
omwi in their pathway.
Here, In America, he had captured
nountaln lions, dozens of them, full
rrown, by lassoing them,- hog-tlelng
hem, placing a bag over their mouths
hen putting the boast on a horso and
carrying the nnlmal triumphantly Inti
amp. eventually selling him to some
Buffalo Jones Is not afraid of anything
hat has claws or teeth. He hod cap
ured dozens of mountain lion, and this
Died him with a desire to go across tha
a and do In Africa, In n bigger way.
what he had done In America. Ills tour
a the triumph of the American uow
i).;tanU the American horse.
The 'Wild boar chares Buffalo Jones.
nd IovrJace the i-owbov chases th
-uar They bring h) plgahlp down close
ro Hit i-u-nria The rope hln throw
tum nn ovtfi end in ihr. d"M tie him
- -:- She Knows What is Good
I . ,lr f i nl - - l l
Eye Which Gathers
before him like a veritable sun.
Thero am many Interesting things con
cerning ordinary vision that most people
know nothing about, simply because they
do not take the trouble to Inform them
selves. How far can you seo with n
telescope? It depends upon both the sice
and distance of nn object, as well as upon
Its brightness. The head of a pin Is
usually about onp-slxteenth of an Inch In
diameter, looked .at from above. Hold It
seven Inches from the eye and It- will Just
(cover the full moon, which Is 2,10) miles
in dumeter and :o,vw miles away
An ordinary lead pencil Is a quarter of
an Inch In diameter. Hold It endwise be
fore tho eye nt a distance of twenty
eight Inches and It will look Just as largo
as the pin's head at seven Inches, and,
like that, will cover the face of the moon.
Stand a piece of lead pencil one Inch
long at a distance of fifty feet from the
eye and It will look ns large as a man at
a distance of two-thirds of a mile.
Everybody ought to be able to Judge
distances by this means. But to do so
you must know something about nngul.ir
measurement. Roughly speaking, any
object which Is about - fifty-seven "times
Its own diameter away from the eye sub
tends an angle of one degree. The moon,
being about 114 times It own dlamster
away, silbtends an angle ot about one
half p. degree, wjjtch .Is., the. same angle
that the height of a six-foot man would
supbtend at a -distance of fiS4 feet. Seen
against a bright background man would
be visible and recognizable as a humui
being by the naked eye at a distance of
1.&00 yards. At that distance his height
would subtend an angle of about one
fifteenth of ja degree, or four minutes
of angular measure. Projected against
the full moon at tliat distance he would
look like a blnok ant, whose lengtn
would be one-eighth of the moon's dia
If you simply keep these relations In,
mind you can make the most useful esti
mates of distance In everyday life. For
Instance, vou stand on the, shore, of n
broad river, and ?ee trees on the oth-fr
side. If ypu ckn make a fairly accurate
guess at Bio height of those trees, n
one generally can, and If. with any sim
ple device, you can estimate the angle
between Imaginary lines drawn frdm vo ir
eye to the foot and the top of a' tree,
you lja-ve at once the means of calculat
ing the width of the river.
The facts that you should write down
In your note book are these: '
and play horse with him to their hearts'
content. Then they simply unrope him,
give him a kick, and off he gqes Into
tho deserj to find his family and tell
about being chased by a so-devll a-horse-back.
Bo they catch giraffes- and zebras.
Tho zebra, we are told, is never sub
dued when caught full-grown; but tho
camera shows us Buffalo Jones throwing
his rope over a wild zebra. Jerking him
endwise and tying him fast.
The cowboy Jumps off his horse, rushes
up to the zebra, unties the ropes, and
as the zebra gets up on his feet, the man
leaps to his hack, without saddle or
bridle, and away goeH the zebra kicking
up the yejlow dust of Africa, and all
the tlm the cowboy Is basting him over
the head with a Stetson, his shrill kl-yls
filling $he clrcuinambfpnt ether.
The next thing Is to catch n lioness,
full-grown, wild. and. the most terrlbte
"anlmUs"- on earth. The lion Is king of
the beastt-but Mr. Uon' always gets out
of the way When Mrs, Uon talks piccolo.
ETuffalo Jones shows us pictures of
how he chased the Hopes through (h
tall grass, how sh hides, then turns
about, J taps after her nursururs, ttk
lows them, changes her mind and starts
to run away.
The Americans Hre,rlght after Ii.t.
Jones flings a rope, culclies hr b- th
hind foot. Ivelace throws and lands
the lady by her front i.. ut-s,-
tand stjff. .holding th beaut oaptlve.
Dozens of animals they ropedohe talu,
lldcats, leopards, warthogs, v.vbran-and
.never a weapon used. Xot an animal
injured or hurt. Pome ot them, no doubt.
Were badly scared and have had nervous
prostration since, for fear Buffalo .lone
would coma back.
Nothing more romantic, nothing morw
pottle, nothing more courageous' was ever
lecn in forum or colosrcum. on- field or
flood, than these ft o Buffalo Jone
and hls'oi.wbpy friends. ,Vltb!n two t
Linds of disaster thev stood fit their Htir.
rups and flunr. their ropes Into the fare
of danger, laughing at Death
International News Smi o
THto W.VA OMAHA,
German Baroness Hits at Our Idle Rich
By MARGARET HUBBARD AVEIt.
"Why Is It thai the American woman
seems to have so much time?"
"Where tho Genrfan woman In the same
station of life has a hundred duties to
attend to. the American woman seems to
havo absolutely nothing to do,"
This Is thq question which tho Barones
Anna von Strantz hua been asking at
frequent lntorvnls since she arrived from
Oermany about a week ago.
The Baroness Is a magnificent, Juno
eiqu' personage, with n beautiful face,
blond hair and hazel eyes, which have
looked with Increasing nstonlshment upon
tho American woman as she is to bo seen
In public places. In tcaropnis and hotels.
Seated In one of our most glided hotels
during tho 5 o'clock tea hour, with palms
waving above her and waiters floating
about, the Baroness talked to hio about
the progress of the 3erman woman at
such times as the Hungarian band did not
The Little Girl's Company
Klalne Is deud-Klalno the fair, Klaltie,
the lovable. The little girl httB Just been
reading about her, and she was very
"She was so
sweet." sobbed the
little girl, "so
beautiful, so uAiod.
why did she have
to die7" And then
we sat down to
gether and read
again tho pfory of
the lily maid ot
Astalot, and ns we
read tho eyes of
the little' Klri
grow soft and
mist.,' ud sh
looked from the
window - with a
look that caw not
the streets of the plum American city,
hut a lone, winding road with h lastln
und a st'-rplcd church In the distance
and U tin load a fair knight in Kilt-
lerlng arinoi who rode the rl-er nmd to
Whii fflor'o' f l M ' 'i! tlf I
'ittlc ji, hud tof fair (la.K of hcjs I
SA'I'l UDAV, JANUARY
DAItONESS ANNA VON STflAXTK,
completely drown her mimical (Iceman
"This Is really wonderful to mo so
many women with nothing to s1il And
thoy come hero' every day, I am. told.
Have they no homes to look nfter?"
I tried to explain that,. tho American
woman of a certain type was suffering
from too much leisure. But she of the
classic face nt onco wanted to kjiow If
they all lived In "the hotols, did not
Veep house, and had no children. 8o I
explained that this afternoon tea habit
was one of the many forms of nmuso
mnnt which helped to fill up the Amorl
can woman's spare time,
"I nm mom and moro astonished." ex
claimed the bnroness, who, under the
numo of Anna' Fuhrlng, Is the foremost
impersonator of Germany's classic drama
and the especial favorite of the emperor
nnd empress, whoso gnust sho has been bn
frequent occasions, .
"Wfi havo- -no class of women lii Ger
many who correspond to the women of
complotc leisure, .such as J am told these
Lancelot, Kluuie, King Arthur., and nil
his court. She walks with folk of high
degree. aliU when he speufts of bile hrr
words alpnost tall Into poetry, nvnli when
bhe nsks for bread and buttor.
Last night, when the first .soft snow
patted on the window uj us with Us
myriad soft Jmnds, wo got out tlie Whit
tier and read togother tho 'story of the
Winter thralled farm, and In no time at
all wo were fur, fur up In the cold Now
Kngluntl hills with the furrner folk that
She Iovom the snow, does .the little girl,
and the wind," too, she love, for It calls
to her and crle sometimes, und some
times sho hays It shouts like some rough
comrade full of boisterous play. And ahe
loves the rain, too, und the bright sun
shlno and the 'green tros, ahd the brown
boughs when the leaves have gone.
She has a family of frlpmls who live
In a Jut of the roof.' Little brown, chat"
lerlng fplk, they are busy, gossiping,
meddlesome, pert, yet quite neighborly,
and she his names for them all, the
brown sparrows that chatter and chirp
when shu opens the '"Uh window each
d and' irattcis to them their llttlrt
n imony of rumbs
Mar Mm), Qulic Comr.il, uik .s
ludles represent," continued Madame von
"The German women, even of the most
advanced typo still continue ,to rpgard
their homes as their main field of action,
"You know, the German .women are
doing- a tremendous amount lot study
ing, hut even after they hnvo taken de
grees' nt the university jthoy continue to
rely for tliclr grent Influence nnd their
best work on tho emphaHls of tho femjn
Ino character In the home.
"No matter how much the German
woman studies or how progri!tslvc she Is,
there Is olio thing al'ove all others she
wishes to ivold, and that Is antagonizing
tho masculine sex.
"Tho Intelligent Gorman woman, no
matter hat her occupation may' be, re
alizes that her main strength, her chief
Influence, lies In her capacity ns home
maker. Krom her homo renter her In
fluoiiCQ. pullates according to her mental
ablllty-'and her .spiritual poww. If 'she
can't 'reguhitu nnd rule liar homi" proi'nirly,
sho hasn't flemonxtruted much ability."
named, for she la a perverse little spar
row nnd a quarrelsome one, too, "Boh,
Ifvu or JJuttW th little girl calls her
! "My Pretty. June," the UUd in th comb
' of the roof Is culled, and "ltobln Adulr."
i hor mute,. for once ltobln wuh uilvflug a
whole twenty-four hours, and tho "I'retly
Juno" Kcetncd 'roitjly to mourn for htm.
aim calls tliein ouch by nam, docs'tho
! llttlo girl, and they come, nt the sound
of hor volco and twitter and cock their
little 'pparkljng ye t her us If to say:
"Well, woll. If we iiiniic you, so much
the batter." They would never he over
grateful, those Utile brown follows; that
In. not In their bleed.
But thy Pigeons. tli are different.
Ihtre ar. three of then,. Mery Uy
they foinu from some neighbor i barn,
,o doubt. Like human brothers, I sup-
po,. they llko the ndvcnluro of knowing
people In all walks f lf and society.
"Poo-ioo. poo.roo." croon the plgenos.
unit their purple feet xtretch and open
like tho soft claws of u kitten. "Poo-roo,
poo-roo." nnd then tho little girl runi
und gets their grain for them and opens
the window again.
"Here, John nidd," she onlls. and al -
most black, except for his white breast
and the dirh of snow on his wing. Sturdy
Is John Illdd. and nolf-respeotlng. and
not to be hustled off tho window sill by
hiiv a 'grow, r. Jiowevcr bold.
"Poo-roo. poo.-roo." miv8 John ltldd. the
dark njgeon of extra. lzc. nnd he clucks
Ulinllj ut the little gn and iuts giuU-
for The Bee by
Should Others Be More Discreet
By DOHOTHY DIX.
An Indiana woman, with a bedraggled
post, was going to b married" to it nice
youiiR man. Sho heard that some of the
episodes of her unsavory life had been
. discussed by a
uud so she went
to this other wom
an's housti and
shot hor down be
fore her llttlH chil
i lias been sentenced
to prison for life
I und from her cell
I she nxclnlnis: "Oh,
what n terrible
thing Is gossip!
j L,et this be u
I wnrnlng to all
women to refrain
fioiu talking aboilf.
other wutnen who
have things In their
lives that they arc trying to- forget, and
have other people forget."
Dili you ever hear anything to equal
tho nerve of thatV It seems to me that
Hie shoo Is on tho other foot, nnd that
the lesson li the case Is not against
gusslp, but ngalnst doing tho tilings that
Ulvo people the right to gossip. about you,
Tim men nnd women who conduct thorn-
' selves properly, nnd who live decently,
( und honestly, and cleanly, .never have
cause to complain about goisltt They
never lost any sleep, fearing whut their
friends mid acquaintances are saying
i It Is only the (icoplo who have some
, thing shameful to hide who worry nbout
tho gossiping proclivities of their neigh
bors. They are hard and bitter about
the old cut of both sexes, who talk about
Yet, when you come to think of It,
what rlglit, hnvo we- to expect that our
I neighbors will be more dltcieut Wltlv their
.tongues than wo aro In our conduct, or
I thnt our friends will enter Into a con
spiracy of silence to protect us from tho
results ot our evil deeds?
Mrs. A., for Ihstatice, Is a frivolous
' married woinnn. Who receives attcii
t tlons from other' men In her husbarid's
absence und neglects hei' home nnd her
children while she gads about. She
also lis clothes and Jewels far beyond
what hor husband's modest means
would provide. The neighbors toll:
about her goings-on. and there are
tears in hqr eyes as she telts you what
a terrlblo thing It Is to have to' llvo
Among such a lot of long-tongued gos
sips. Mr. H with a quiet little ( wife und
half ty, dozen children tucked away !n
a stiburbap hon)e, Is 'met out, time and
again, by hli neighbors at some lob
fcter palace, where he Is buying cham
pagne, for a chorus girl young enough
to be his (laughter,' und spending money
as If it grew on trees, while It's well
kndwi) that he Is In urienrs In his pay
ment to Hio butcher and baker at home.
Mr. 11. says thing" that ho respectable
newspaper would pilnt when he- hears
fragments " of thtj gosrip that floats
around among his commuting acquaint
Pretty Solly ;.. young and foolls'
nnd mid for pleasure und (he ndmira-
tlon of inon, scorns the conventions of
society, and drinks cocktalts and smokes
In public restaurants, and picks up ac
quaintances with strange . men. and
flirts with married , men, and writes
comproinbilp; love letter to Tom, lal:
mid Harry. And her little heart U
fully hla shure of the swetconu
"Poo-roo, noo-too," calls his mate, and
Loruu Uoono riles ilouu to the sill, so
soft, so pretty, so sweet, Is gentle Lornn,
nil In gruy and silver, with the soft col
or of the opal gleaming on her arched
"Poo-roo, poo-roo," says Lorn?. Uoone,
the pretty pigeon, and she bobJior head
as If she wero trying to say "Thank
you" vey prettily. "
And hero Is Carver Doone, the third
pigeon. What n swaggerer! Walt now.
Carver Uoone, Lorn ft has not had .her
fill. Will you never lenrn to 'wait?" Poo
p0on.uooh( ,ays carver Boone, the
, , , ., ,,
"?w" andjT" u , .
w ,hc, mn" K0
dan(",B c"o1 " l ow to point
ht m,l ton- ,,lst ale R tr,tle 11,50 tne
l'S'ns'. If the truth must be told, nnd
; taught about tho fashions, and what
I ,ort ''r tle ,""r curl' brow" nl"
'with, and thow to smile at those she does
' not We. and how to hurt with a cruel
j smile those who love hor. and how to
rank her way to the top of things over
the hearts and hopes pf those who stand
I In h?r way.
I Dear me. dear tne. 1 wish slm could
I stay at home and have tho pretty pigeons
'and tho busy spurrows and the lllv maid
f .MhIU nnd good Jv'lng Arthur for
bcr' cgmjpjiin a littlu Inuser
- 1 ' -1
tiYokcn when sho finds out how ,fJm
cruel world Is talking about her, fqtd
that her reputation Is IrrctrievitMv
sqlled by gossip. 3
Topi D. gets Into bud company Sid
dilnks and gambles, and loses moKcs"
ho can't afford, and robs the cjH
drawer, or falsifies, his hooks, pr hqlils
back on his collections. To Mtccp him
from going' to prison his people mort
gugo the homo and pay him out, and
the matter Is hushed up ns much ni
possible- Btit sonic Inkling of It leaks
out nnd people talk about It. nnd re
member 'It, and repent It 'ns long ns
they live. And .Torn curses the gosslns
to tho dny or his death.
None or these people seem to reflect
that the fault Is their own and not th
gosi'pi.' It the 'married woman had
been the right sort of wife und mother
gossip would have found nothing 'to
say nbout her that sho would object, to
hearing. If itho doesn't , chose to run
straight, what right had she to demand
that oilier people should take better
care of her nnino than she took ot it
If the mnrrled man had spnt his even
ings by his own fireside, and his money
on his family, gossip would not have
found him nn interesting subject of dis
cussion. "If ,h'i didn't want people to talk
about his taking Tottlc Coughdrop out
,to supper, why did ho do It? There' no
law to keep observers from remarking; on
what they see. 1 )
If a girl doesn't want people to com
ment on thq mud on lior shirts, nil that
Is necessary Is to keep them clean. If
u man doesn't want gossip to recall the
altis of his youth, all that he has to do
Is to hold himself above reproach. And
If wn don't caro enough about our own
honor to protect It olirsclvos, surely we
fhivff no right to look to tho general ntih
lli) to perforin .thnt scT-ylee for us.
Wo talk a 'lot aliout tho sin of gossip,
but ns a matter of fact gossip Is the
greatest mdml Influence in the world.
It's literally "the hangman's' whip that
keeps tho trembling wretclt In order
I I'll tho dread of what their neighbors
eyes will see und what tljclr tongues -will
tell that keeps ' thounnmls of weak unl
wavering brothers and slstera from stray
ing off the Ktralght and narrow path.
They have no real sense ot right Uhd
wrong, of honor or dishonor, but they
stand In terror of, being pointed out
the hero or heroine qf some, scandal,, of
being talked about, laughed at, bhruggcri
If 11 were possible to do away with
gossip and people, united to cover up the
sllpi and weaknesses of their follow
creatures, It would mean the total de
moralization of society, for It's old Dame
CIowlp, with her hundred tongues and
not high, moral principles that holds-the
curb on temptation.
Gossip Is a good thing. Thoto who
behave themselves peed not fear being
tallied about. Those who mlsbchaNo
thewrolvoR deserve all they get wHWi.
they are talked about. -i
Troubles for Campaign
Senator i'a i-'ollette. apropos of the
campaign contributions Investigation,
said to a Wellington correspondent.
"It used to be that tho party bribed the
voter. Now. It seems, tin voter brlhen
th party and not with a J5-blll or-ho.
Unit with (Hinrter millions!
I "I suppose that vicissitudes like that it
the Nola Chuckv rut no .onger happen to
"An electioneer, "you I.nuw, visited
N'!h Chiichy man to net his vote. T.
man h!uief wi out. IH his wlfo said
' "l en n't promise you nothing about
.loiMtlmn. ill'. Ho n Independent lie ''
vote as reein best 6 himself.'
"T'..e elflctlonocr, aftor being uh ngrc -ablo
us possible, rose to go. But first ho
patted a wretohed. inuhgy kitten on the
" 'I'm very- fond of cuts," he said, 't
shouldn't mind nixing jou ,15 tor that
- "The wonmn Juuiid a't tho offer. She
locked the $5 In tho drawer, sho put th
cat In a basket, and us alio ushered th"
man out with his purchase on hla afm
" Til do (he best I can for you about
that vote, sir. As I told you before, Jon'
than won't bo Influenced by anybody. Tle
gentleman that's electioneering for your
opponent spent a full hour here with pie
uselessly yesterday, nnd, by the way, no
bought the brother of that kitten-
yours for 1(V "Milwaukee- Journal.
llut'lirlor'n It'r flections,
A bargain ut 'marriage Is n barter of
A nice girl should never bet a pair ' of
stockings with a man unless they're oft
A man keeps on wondering whether 1m
will cier grow bald till the last hair uli
h( he lu ffnit