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The New Railroads of Central America
(CoprriBht, 1912, bj- Frank 0. Carpenter.)
.I'ATEMAUA CITY-The Pan-
American railway will oon bo
connected with tho Guatemala
system. It already comes to the
boundary of the republic and
only twenty-five or thirty
miles of track are yet to be laid to con
nect with tho Guatemala Central, which
comprises the lines running from hero tj
the port of San Jose, on tho l'aclflc, and
those, which cover the western slope of
this countr. indeed, travelers can now
Ko to MujeIo. City by rail, piecing out
the short distance of a day's rldo on
mules. Moreover, oxtenslve plans ore
luide'r way to extend the-luntemalan rail
ways Into Salvador and Costa fllcq, and
within a comparatively short tlmo we
shall bo ablo to reach tho Panama canal
By Trnlu to (iu'nteninln.
In this way Guatemala City is only
within about four days from Mexico City.
When the break Is complpted it will be
only three days, - and the time to St.
I.ouls will be' less than six days, whlio
that to New York will bo Just about one
week. From Guatemala City to St. Louis
the distance Is 2.S24 miles. To New York
it Is 9,(8i miles, or about "Op miles less
than from Jew York to San Francisco.
It needs only an extension of a llttl
more than fifty miles to connect tho roods
hero with those of Salvador, and ,tho
day sesms to bo fast coming when 'the
Pan-American railway from New York
to Buenos Aires will bo In operation.
The distance between these two points by
rail will bo only a little over 10,00 miles.
, and of this between 6,000 and 7,000 miles
have already been built. Add to that an
extension equal to tho distance between
here and Now York, and we shall havo
this great Intercontinental railway with
several hundred miles to spare'
JTerr Railroads of Central America.
. Everywhere I go in Central America I
hear the people talking of new railroads.
Ono of the projects of Panama Is to build
lino from Panama. City jto'tho town of
David, the largest place In the northern
part of that republic Costa, Rica will
eventually be connected with Panama,
i Nicaragua and Honduras, and the conces
sions for the extension of the roods here
have already been granted. Both tho old
and new lines are practically owned by
1 Americans, and from New York to
Panama the indications are that the lhs
will be under American control. Tho
president of the Pan-American extension
to Guatemala Is D. O. Thompson; who
' was formerly'our minister toyoxlpo. The J
railroads of Costa luca are ownea uy
the Keith syndicate, and tho .same Is
true of tho railroads of Guatemala. All
of the lines have been planned by Ameri
cans and built by Americans, and there
will probably be one American company
operating the whole.
Prom Ooenn to Ocean.
Guatemala has now m Intercontinental
line from the Caribbean sea to the Pa
cific. This Is, with tho exception of the
Panama railroad, which Is about forty
miles long, and the Tehuautepcc lino
whlth Is 1S mile long, the shortest of
all the roads which connect the Atlantic
and Pacific oceans. Its total mlleago Is
less Than 170 and it runs from Puerto
Unrrlos on the Caribbean sea to Guate
mala City on tho top. of the pass, thence
on over tho mountains and thence to
San Jose d Guatemaln, tho -port on tho
Pacific. Tho distance from Barrios to
the capital Is 195 miles, and from hero
to San Jose it is Just under seventy-five
Resilar trains are. ..running over both
tlieso roads, and" when Secretary ICnox
was here ho crossed tho continent that
. way. Ho was taken from one ocean to
li nihxr nn srxrlnl earn with nllot en-
nines running along In front t foreetuTf
any danger of accident, and the unkind
say to bo suro that no dynamite mines
hml been planted to blow up the train.
Tl road was decorated for the occasion
n ml was lined wUh palm branches, flags
and school children processions-from , ono
end to the other. There weroTTands at all
of the stutlons. nnd when the cars passed
nliiiig the shores pf Iakq Amttltlan a fleet
of canoes manned liy Indians went
through certain maneuvers In his honor.
The fjiintemnln Hnlltvny.
Tho road froni Guatemala City to the
Atlantic Is now largily'eownrd by Minor
t. Keith Wild jthcr cnnJtollstN, supposed
to' bo ufflodarvd with the Vnltcd Fruit
company, and I nm told I hat thoy Iiumi
made arrangements to' acquire the other
roads' Of Gutemala. This is tJicSGuatf.
tnilu ioa"d which was formerly callcd',lho
Northern tall way. Its first sectton was
luia out alid' hullt Uy an American engi
neer named Miller. It was begun ill 18S1
ns a government project, and It was -then
were some hours passing through tho
Leaving Port Barrios, tho cars Ed right
Into the Jungle. They wind' their WHy
through the Montagua valley, whero Ui
soil Is a rich, sandy loam abput fifteen
feet deep. Here tho rainfall Is abun
dant, and nature has on her seven-leogue
boots. Palm trees a hundred feet high
wall the railway, and the vegetation la
the most luxuriant to be found In the
tropics. After a few miles of much
scenery you enter tho great banana
estates, and tho cars fan tho leaves of
banana plants from thirty to forty feet
high, many of them being loaded wlfli
fruit There Is perhaps forty7 miles of
such riding, and then you come to the
mountains, where tho vegetation is dryer
and with mariyherda of cattle are feeding
The scenery now suddenly ' changes. It
Is almost like crossing ' from "the valley
of the Nile Into tho desert. In tho valley,
tho rainfall Is over 100 Inches per ycar.J
On tho highlands there 1b alnist no rain.
and ns you ascend the mountains you pass
tnrough a region Ilka the desert lands
of NoiMexlco or Arizona. The ground
so1 dry 'and cacti abound. Tho trees or
sliver gray. -There docs not seem to jse
enough moisture to color tho leaves. Tho
oniy green Spots anor along the beds if
the streams. We can still see tho Mota
gua river, hut beyond Its banks Is tho
desert. In Its upper course the river looks
not urhlke tho Jordan, and tho vegeta
tion, is 'no more luxuriant than that which
lines' the famed river of Palestine.
Stilt farther Inland tho mountains malto
ono think .of- the Rockies. They nro bare,
ragged and torn by ravines and -canons.
There aro thirsty trees upon which hang
thirsty air plants, the-orchlds of the des
ert, Now and then .you pass llttlo vol
leys vylth Irrigated patches along the
stream running through It. lilcro are
thatched' KutB, the homes of the In
dians. Such "valleys are but a few hun
dred feet wide and the population :s
, A Ten-Dollnr Ilrrnkfnnt.
My train stopped for breakfast at
Zacapa, and my meal cost mo, $10. When
I left I look a bottlo of appollonarls with
me, for which, I was charged Jl, and
also a package of cigarettes which cost
me $5. I gave a fee to the parlor car
rortor at tho close of tho trip, and- once
luiu it uuy u. uuiiur iu ui ms mo u- uriiin
All of these flguri':i however, rcpromint
Guatemalan money, of which It takes
seventeen dollars -to inako ono of ours,
so that a to bill equals Just about SO cents,
Zacapn,'-la tho biggest city between the
Carrlbbcan and the capital. It Is 100 miles
Inland, lying at the foot of tho mountains
nnd only 000 feet abovo tho sea. During
the next ninety miles wo went upwnrd
over 4,000 foot, and hero nt Guatemala
City wo nro Jijst about a mllo high.
The scenes on tho Gautcmalan railroad
arc Interesting. Tho passengers cpn
slst of Indians, half-breeds, or ludlnos,
'and whites, who aro fow and fur be
tween. Tho cars nro flrwt and second
clans, and wo hod at tho end of the
train a llttlo parlor cur, tho cxtru charge
for which wOH iabout $08 por duy. I
spent part of tho Journey In tho second
class car. The seats woro much like
provided uiai every uunicin.imu bjiuwu those of n rtroet car. consisting or long
pay $1 a year to old In Its building. Tho ! ocnci,cs running under tno windows and
work was started, but a wnr broke out j a back-to-back bench In the center. Hero
and tho funds for tho tallroad had to be.ni0fit of tll0 pagacngcrs were Indians or
me! to support the president. negroes. They wcro dressed In 'cottoiv
The year following anotner couirnci was , the Im,,ung iaa high straw hats
made, nnd along In 1S93 the work was '., ,. s.in.fK.i in,- . mnr innf
again under way. At that tlmo 10 P",Th0 wftr0 na,y bare-headed IndlanJ
cent os tnosaiarics oi me puouo "-" Women. Both men and women were
and 0 per cent of all tho town revenues' . f ciKar.ltp ThelP baK.
were ordered to bo set asldo for railroad
construction. The contracts wero let. and 1 . "
- x .(,. .cm -I. -.a i neau.
aiOng aOOUl JOVO OF Wl UVO Piiwun
been built.' extending from the seacoast
130 miles up ihe mountains.
At that place tho road stopped. It be
gan at the ocean and Its terminus, was a
Jungle. Many of the ties rotted ond tho
rails ruBted, until 1901, when Sir William
Van Home, Minor C. Keith and General
Tom Hubbard got a now
gago was hung up "on hooks over their
n. An Indian newsboy In his shirt
sleeves passed through tho car selling
candy and beer.
At one of tho stations a company of
soldiers camo In. They were barefooted
and their uniform was of calico, while
their hats woro of straw. Each rrlun
carried-a gun, but this Was the only sign
'concession for r warfare about him. I am told they
It and pushed It on to its completion.
It was finished in January, 1908, and It
Is now ono of the best roads in Central
This Northern railway Is well built.
The gauge la three feot, and, with the ex
ception of one 'place, the greatest grade Is
3vjw cent. For a short distance It Is
more, than i per cent. Tho road has over
300 stoel bridges, one of which Is more
than 000 feet long, and another U3 feet
Jong. Tho latter bridge Is 229 feet high.
This road has a guaranteed Income of
$200,000 a year, the concession providing
that the government will Insure the E
per cent dividend on the $4,000,000 Invested
In It In adMltlpn to this, last year- It
made more than $100,000, and the traffic
is, steadily growlnr,
l'ort Barrloa to Guatemala City.
It was over this road that I came Into
Guatemala. I landed at Port Barrios oa
one of the regular steamers which coll
there on their way from Panama to New
Orleans. The port has a wide and deep
harbor and vessels of the heaviest draft
ran come to Its docks. The railroad
pass for thirty or forty mJJ ca through the
rich banana plantations of the United
Fruit company and carry their freight
right to the steamers. While I stayed at
X'ort Barrloa about 13,060,090 benanis were
loaded, ana en my war over the rot w
receive, from 10 to -15 cents dally and that
the government is always behind In Its
pay. The most of the-'soldlers aro In
diana who are forced Into tho army.
American Rnllvrnr Mt-n.
The train had an American engineer
This Institution Is the only one
In the central west with separate
buildings situated In their own
ample grounds, yet entirely dis
tinct, and rendering It possible to
cllsslf cases. The ono building
being fitted for and deroted to the
treatment of non-contagious and
non-mental diseases, no others be
ing admitted; the other Rest Cot
tage being detlgaed for and do
Yoted to the caelBatTd trettaeat
of select mental cases requiring
for a time watefeful ear and spe
and an American conductor, nnd this Is
tho" case with the other railways of
Gautemala, Tho natives havo no expert
ence and they cannot lie trusted to han
dle the trains. The conductors receive
$100 gold per month, and tho engineers
hnve similar salaries. Tho conductors
tell me that the Giiitcmalans .ore great
travelers and that both tho first nnd
second-class passenger traffic Is good.
First-class fares are In the neighborhood
of 3 cents gold per mile nnd the second
class are about half the ftrst-cthss. Tho
Indians patronize the roads and the con
ductors say that they havo to watch
them carefully lo collect all the fares.
They arc smart and , will try to cheat
their way from station to station. A man
will buy n ttckct for a short distance and
then 1 change his ticket whllo en route,
(taking thnt of a passenger who has a
tlckot for a longer ride, slipping the
tlcketa back and forth, so that he gets
a good part of hts rldo without pay.
Many men buy ticket short of tho sta
tion where they expect to get off, trust
ing that tho conductor will forget them.
I wonder If this Is not sometimes the
same In our country.
The Guatemala Cputrnl Itnllnay.
The mJtrnAil from nnntnmnln r-l- n
the Pacific ocean Is known as the Guate
mala Central, and connected with It are
the extensions which run northward
almost to the boundnry of Mexico. This
syatHtn has thiro or four porta on the
Pacific, tho most of which aro open
roadtteadii, o that paaoeugers havo to be
frequently lanilod In baskets. It oa at
ssnn Joso that Secretary Knox was let
clown out of 'our war vessel, aa St. I'aul
was let down from the walla of Damaa
iiis. In a basket. Thla la the only alml
l.irlty I have evr observed between 8t.
Paul and tho secretary.
The Guatemala Central uaa the first
railroad built In Guatemala. It was be
gun about 1S77. when nn American, Wil
liam Nanne, who had been general man
njjer of the Costa Rica n rail way. cant"
litre nnd built the lino front the eAcont
ns far as tho town of TCaqulntla. This
was comnleted about 1SS0 and a llttlo
later ho received a concession to extend
It to the capital. Thla mad Is well built
and well ballasted. I took a run down
over It a 'few daya ago. Ha steepest
grade Is about 3U per cent, but the aver
age grade la not more than IH. Never
theless, n going from hero to Ksqulntla,
n distance at twenty-jevrn miles, the fall
la nearly, 4,000 feet.
The rldo down to tho coast abound In
flue scenery. There are numerous horse
ahoo curvca which equal those of the
Pennsylvania railroad, and you faro al
ways In sight of voleanlij mountains.
Yon wind your way out of eftte valley Into
another, through hills covered with cattle,
now and then seeing coffeo plantations
nnd In the low lands great fields of
About an hour or so from Guatemala
City you rpach Lake Amttltlan. above
which tho towering volcanoes of Agua
and Fuego look down and the scene re
mlnda ymi of Switzerland. Lake Amt
tltlan la five miles In length and not inoro
than two miles 'in width. Its water ia
beautifully clear and here and there are
hot springs which bubbte up and breathe
forth ateam from tho surface. The rail
road runs In and out along the shores of
thla lake, and In one place It. crosses it
At the time this section was built, C, P.
Huntington was furnishing tho capital
ond he was surprised nt the money It
took. The story Is that he sent word that
If the engineers could not find enough
rock they had better wire New York
and he would send down allver dollars
enough to make tho fill.
The West Const.
Tho western coast li by far tho rich
est part of Guatemala. It has many large
coffee plantations and the coffo trafflo'
forms a big Item of frleght This will
fbo Increased when the Panama canal la
completed. Recently many cacao or
chards have been set out nnd thin Indus
try la reviving. About fifty yrnra ago
tho cacao waa carried northward to Mex
ico on mules, nnd In some years tho
amount sent was millions of pounds. An
other export waa rnchlnrnl, a dye made
from a bug which covered the caetua
about1 l4ke Amltltlan. That dye br.Migh
In something like $l.0CV,C00 a year.
During my stay hero tn Guatemala I
have talked with tho chief -railroad men
of the country, Including F. G. William
son, manager of tho Guatemala rondsi
U. U. Mogadon, manager of the Central,
and V. IC, Josaiip, the superintendent
of the Central lines. They all speak en
thusiastically of the prospects pf Gunte
mnlan development. Mr. Jessup estl-.
mates that there are 2,0)0 square leagues
of land In thla country, which will grow
sugnr cane, and that the coffeo planta
tions might be enormously Increased,
lie tella mc that there arc large forests
In tho mountains and extensive tracts
which wilt grow grain. There are nlso
cotton lands and tobacco lands and Urge
tracts for. the grazing of cattle.
FRANK G. CARPKNTISR.
I KANSAS BEER WITS IN ACTION
, Liquor Joint In Iloonm with Fnlse
I Clilmnry nnd Hcoret Trap
A hollow sound that followed the rap
of a billy club on Iho side of a struc
ture, which to all outward appearances
was a chimney corner, led to tho dis
covery In Topeka, of what tho local
police term as one of tho most clever
ruses for concealing beer nnd whiskey
that they hava ever met.
The chimney wna In reality a closet
for booze and aa a reault of the dis
covery. Charles F. Hecht, Who runs a
poolroom In tho biilldlng whero the false
chimney wns found, haa had two war
rants served on him.
Tho chimney contained seventy-four
quart bottles of beer nnd On quart of
hlskcy, when It wns found by detec
tives. To glvo the chimney a bona fide
oppearanco a gas stove was placed lit
front of It False plumbing came up
through the floor below the stove and a
regulation size stove pipe connected the
heater with tho chimney closet. One aide
of tho structure waa hinged and served
t)a a door opening Into a recess about
eighteen Inches squnro and fitted with
flvo shelves on which the beer wna
placed. A strip of moulding such aa wna
used In other porta of the room was
nailed over the corner and top of tho
chimney so aa to hide tho ends and sides
of tho door. A small keyholo In the door
was concealed bj a picture postcard,
which was tacked over It so that It could
bo swung to one side.
The room wns fitted up with a bed.
a stand, a water pitcher and chairs.
An Ico chest waa kept In tho room,
but was nways empty when the placo
wna visited by pollen offlccra. Tho closet
wa but a part of the 'equipment that
tetaled to keep In the dark what hap
penod on the second floor of tho build
ing. The halt door leading to thla and
other looms wns securely nalltd ami
liarred, o that admission to the second
floor vus possibly only from the pool
hall below, In- tho rear of which was a
concealed ladder Reading to the room
In tho event of the discovery of this
ladder the perSona who frequented the
rooms of the second floor did not ex
pect to be caught nnpijlng and a system
of electric bells waa arranged so that
notice of tho arrival of officers below
could be algnnllcd to the rooms above
On tho night the raid waa mado the
electric bella wcro i used. The officers
broko open the street entrance door and
reached the room whero the beer was
kept only In time to see three men raako
their exit on the roof through tho sky
light by meana of a folding ladder, con
cealed when not In use.-Tbpeka Capital.
Wanted Kf flelencjr.
"I shall never forget." "VanSinU
stnjcsmon. "the crowd of lV01,pI',?oP,o
who meerod mo for one solid hour.
"Havo you over thought of your terrtWo
respc nslhllltyr' naked the mntomntlctnn.
hour each for 10.000 poop e repre
sents 10.0C0 houra, or nearly a year and
two n ontha. devoted to the exhaustive
and unproduollvo occupation of cheer
ing!" Washington Star.
it" 1 ' 1 ' ill' '"s? ' 11 " ' "" - "" . "ft
BIG JANUARY SPECIAL SALE
ITEM NO. 1 liookor
Chair; regular prico $18.00-
Made by Stickley Bros. Co., who began the
manufacture of quaint and unusual furniture several years ao in a
very small way. They have grown to be ono of the largest manufacturing con
cer'nsn Grand Rapids, the great manufacturing center; thoy have become the
leaders in style as well as quality; ljave been the greatest forco in developing quaint
furniture, and leaders in tho fumed oak finish.
In order to control every part of the furniture t
they produce they have their own fuming plant where each article
when completed in the natural wpod is placed and by tho burning of ammonia, tlio
fumes color it to the required shade, making a finish that cannot wear off and
does not show mars or dents. They also found it necessary to-install a modern tan
nery in order to properly. treat hides to secure that soft pliable Spanish leather
used on their upholstered furniture and cushions, all of which is guaranteed for
To introduce this fumed oak furniture,
Stickley Bros., offered us three carloads last year for a
January Sale at a reduction of 25rJ with tho understanding that tho
ITEM NO. 6 Booker -mid
Chair; regular price $30.00
--January Sale 41
ITEM NO 2 Buffet; rogular prico
$00.00 January Sale
goods would ho sold exactly on thin ', . , i.s by ' us. As" soon as thobo
goods wore shown on oiir floor thoy wero snapped, up by our customers
ind their popularity enabled us to troble our businestfon Stickley Bros,
goods during the year.
From this result they have nude us tho same, offcr.agairi this year
threo carloads, up more, of their most desirable fumed oak furniture
to be sold only durifig January at just 25 reduction.
an you afford to .miss such
ITEM NO. 7 Buffot; rogular.prjoe
.$76.00-January Salo E7,flft
ITEM NO. 3-Table; regular
price $6.50 Jm- ji , nr
uary Sale Price. . . vTti 9
ITEM NO. 1 Rocker or Arm Ohair (Like illustration) Soft brown fumed -oak
with Spanish leather cu'BjiIon Beat; good, goncrouH slue. Hockrsr or chair noils regularly at $18.
January salo price 813.50
ITEM NO. 2 Buffet (Like illustration) -60 inches long, 22 inchos deep, 46 inches
high, antique copper trimmed, fumed oak. Regular soiling price, $60. January oalo price. $45
ITEM NO. 3 Table (Like illustration) Octagon shape top, 26 inchos in diameter,
i .10 inches high, fumed oak. Regular price, $0.50. January sale price $4.75
ITEM NO. 4 China Cabinet (Ljke illustration)-4.'J inches wide, 16 inches deep,
54 Inches high, fumed oak, solid beaten copper trimmings. Regular price $40. January sale
ITEM NO. 5 Davenport (Like illustration) Fumed oak, heavy design, 72 inches
long, 30 inches dcop, 3S Inches high, loose cushion seat and back, In best Spanish leather.
Regular price, $75,00. January sale prico r ..$56.00
ITEM NO. Gocker; or Arm Chair (Like illustration) Large and comfortable,
Spanish leather cushion, Beat and back; highest grade construction and finish. Regular prico
) $::0.00. Choice chair or roqker January Bale prico , ,.$22.50
ITEM NO. 7 Buffet (Like, illustration) -Solid boa ton copper trimmings, turned
oak;, has mirror back, 44x10 Indies; length 60 Inches, depth 22 inches, height C3 inches. Regu
lar price, $70.00.. January salo price..... $57.00
ITEM NO. 8 Rocker or Arm Chair Like illustration) Fumed oak, Spanish lea
ther; looso cushion seat, Substantial and comfortable. Regular prico $15.00. Choice chair or
'rocker, January salo price , l.... .. 811.00
ITEM NO. 9 Table (Like illustration) -Magazine onds, top is 40 inches by 26
inches, with under sholf; fumed oak. Regular prico $21.00, January sale price $15.75
rchard & Wilhelm Carpet 2o.
ITEM NO. 8 Bocker and
Cliiiir; regular prico $15.00
January -Sale jj
, ITEM NO. 4-China Cabi
net, regular price $40.Q0
ITEM NO. S Davenport; regular price?P AA
' $75,00'-January Salo Price i)UVP
ITEM NO. 9 Table; regular
price $21 January Sale Price. .