Newspaper Page Text
The Omaha Sunday Bee
PAGES ONE TO TWELVE
'Vol. xuit no. 47.
OMAHA, SUNDAY MORNING, MAY 10, 1914 - SIX SECTIONS- FIFTV TWO PAGES.
SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS.
L S1LLWIAM IS
REPORTED SAFE AND
French Embassy in City of Mexico
Given Assurances that Man Ar-
. rested is All Right,
ORDERLY PARKS GOES INSANE
Private at Vera Cruz Rides Into
,' Lines of Federals.
HIS FATE IS NOT KNOWN
Rumored American Civilian Was
Executed Two Says Aero.
FEDERALS LEAVING MAZATLAN
City on Wnt Const Probably Will
Fall Into Hands of Hcbela In
Few Hours Manxanlllo
Pier Dlown Up.
WASHINGTON. May 0.-Amorlcnn Vice
.Consul Sllllman, reported Imprisoned by
Mexican federals at Saltillo, la safe and
'well, according to assurances made to the
French legation in Mexico City by the
Mexican war minister, transmitted to the
State department today.
Secretary of War Gorrlson reasserted
today that as yet no additional troops
had been ordered to Mexico. When akd
whether orders had been Issued for the
Fourth and Sixth brigades at Texas City
to make ready to embark, he replied:
"They are supposed to be ready to cm
bark at a moment's notice."
The Parks incident was summarized in
this statement by Secretary Garrison:
"General Kunston reported that on
May 6 Private Samuel Parks, belonging
to tho regimental detachment of the
Twenty-eighth Infantry, apparently went
Insane. Ho took two horses, the property
of Lieutenant Colonel Taggart of the
Twenty-eighth Infantry and rode Into the
Mexican lines. It has been reported to
General Funston that the horses were
seen in the possession of Mexican troops.
There is also a rumor that an unknown
.American civilian in the Mexican llnea
was executed two days ago. Parks' fate
Is not known. Mexican troops were last
heard of in tho neighborhood of Tejerlo,
where tho tracks of the Mexican Na
tional railway have been torn up."
Reports that Mazatlan7 on tho west
coast of Mexico had fallen Into the hands
of the constitutionalists were denied today-In
a message received at the Navy
department from Admiral Howard. Ad
miral Howard's reply read:
' "Mazatlan not .fallen. Fighting still con
tinues between federalists and constitu
tionalists. Will keep you fully Informed."
Federals Leaving Moaatlan.
ON BOARD U.. S. S. CALIFORNIA.
MAZATLAN, Mexico,. May 8. (By wire
less to Ban Diego, May 8.) The fall of
Mazatlan' seoma to be Imminent. The
city officials embarked last night on the
federal gunboat Guerrero and the steamer
Llmantqur, both of which are ready to
sail for Ballna Cruz.
The federals have abandoned the gun
boat Morelos. A wild shot from the Guer
rero today passed through a street of the
city, creating a panic. As a result of a
thre.e days' battle the townspeople are
in a state of terror and hundreds are
It is reported that C B. Helley, an
American, and G. H. Williams, an Eng.
llshman, were killed and two other
Americans, Walter Neal and Patrick
Balrd, wosmded near El Favor mine in
the vicinity of Hostatlpqulllo.
Refugees from Manzanlllo told stories
of narrow escapes when they arrived here
on the British steamer Cetriano, which
Was made Into a refuge ship at the in
stance of the commander of the German
cruiser Nurenburg. Tho Ostriano came
up the coast from Manzanlllo, and sailed
today for San Francisco with 100 refu
gees, including American Consul Ed
While the Cetriano was at the dock in
Manzanlllo harbor, according to Captain
Minister, the vessel's commander, and
Consul Edwards, the Mexican federals set
fire to the pier with oil and resorted to
dynamite to make the destruction more
certati. Some of the last refugees to
reach tho vessel made their way to safety
only at Immliibnt risk.
Tho Cetriano got clear of the burning
pier with much difficulty, aud as it was
swinging out into the stream a number
of shots were fired across its decks from
the shore. No body was hit. The timely
arrival of the cruiser Raleigh put an end
ulalned. seldom extend far beyond the
locality In which they originate.
Scene of Many Catastrophes,
The vicinity of Catania, the scene of
last night's earthquake, has probably suf.
ferod more than any other section In the
world from volcanic eruptions and earth'
quakes. Catania Itself Is built on a bed
of lava at the foot of the volcano of
(Continued on Page Two.)
Forecast till 7 n. m. Bunday:
For Omaha, CuncllBluffs und Vicinity
Temperature' nt" Oninliu Yesterday.
v Hours. De.
5 u. m.
6 a. in.
7 a. in.
8 a. m.
9 a. in.
10 a. in.
11 a, ni.
1 p. m.
2 p. m 78
z p. m
4 p. in.....
5 p. m
i p. in
7 p. ni
Comparative Local Record.
1914. 1913. 1912. 1911.
Highest yesterday SO II w .?s
lowest yesterday 4$ 47 60 fi
Mean temperature 64 60 71 77
Precipitation 00 .34 .00 T
Temperature and precipitation depar
tures from the normal:
Normal temperature CO
Kxcoss for the day 4
Total ex cess since March 1 TO
Normal precipitation li Inch
lie ricleney for the day , .14 Inch
votal ralnlall slnre March 1....1.W Inches
Ileflclency since March 1 71 Inch
Excess for cor. period. 1913 2.32 Inches
Pcflciency for cor. period, 1912.. 1.31 Iches
BREAKERS SENT INTO ZONE
Colorado Labor Federation Asserts
Operators Shipping Men In
DEMAND MADE UPON GOVERNOR
ltntlan Consul Annonnrrn He "Will
Seek Dntnasres In llehnlt of
Countrymen Losing Lives
DENVER, Colo., May 9. Dr. Oresto Je
Vella, Italian consul hero announced to
day that he would mako a formal demand
upon Governor Ammons for damages In
behalf of Italian subjects who lost rela
tives or property In the Ludlow tent col
ony fire, April 20. If Uie state refuses
to settle tho consul said he would appoal
to the Italian ambassador at Washington.
The consul stated Se had not deter
mined upon the exact amount of damages.
He estimated that from ZOO to 300 Italians
lived in tho Ludlow colony.
AVI re Sent to Kcutlnir.
Tho Colorado State Federation of Labor
today sent a telegram to Edward Keat
ing, representative from Colorado, com
plaining of alleged importation of strike
breakers into the coal fields.
The telegram said:
"Operators shipping men to Donver and
then to the mines. Federal troops giving
them protection and keeping our people
from establishing tent colony on our
In reply to Governor Ammons' request
to tho War department that federal troops
bo sent to tho Oak Creek and Crested
liutte coal mining districts In Colorado
tho following telegram was received frvm
"Your telegram of May 8th received. I
have ordered a report made to mo on
conditions at Crested Butte nnd Oak
"Will act when I get tho facts."
More Arms Surrendered.
TRINIDAD, Colo., May 9. One hun
dred and seventy-eight arms of all classes
have been surrendered to tho United
States army officers here today after
throe hours' work as the direct result
of tho proclamation Issued yesterday by
Colonel James Lockett, commanding. Tho
proclamation called upon all persons,
without reservation, to sui render all fire
arms. Of the total number, strikers had turned
in thirty-seven guns of varieties ranging
from 22-collbro rifles and pistols to rifles
of tho 1894 model. The remainder are
weapons belonging to citizens and peace
Coroner Slpe delivered many guns which
ha had been holding as evidenco, and so
did the United States commissioner and
the police department, all of those were
Included in tho total of liS.
German Boys Who
Fail m Studies
BERLIN, May 9 The recent examina
tions at the German- schools aro again
as last year, accompanied With numerous
Instances of boys killing themselves.
either through fear that they would not
pass or because of mortification at fail
ure. On a single day three suicides of
students, all less than 18 years old, were
reported, and the body of one who had
drowned himself some days earlier was
recovered. These Instances were In
Greater Berlin alone.
One of the boys threw himself In front
of a train because he had not been pro
moted to a higher class.. A suicide by
drowning waa that of a 17-year-old boy
who was shortly to try for examination
entitling him to discharge nls mllltarj
duties with one year's service. Accord
ins to his teachers thero was no doubt
that ho would have passed, as ho was
unusually capable and Intelligent.
The fixed bureaucratic scneme of life
for the average German, while not ex
plaining such suicides, throws some light
on the youtns action f ailure to ne
graduated from school is a very serious
thing. To become a "beamter," that Is,
a public official, Is the goat of a great
percentage of young Germans, for the
official enjoys many privileges not
granted to the nonofflclal German. He
has a certain tenure, a retiring pension
and other material advantages, and enjoys
special protection under the law of in
sults, It being a much graver crime to
Insult an official than a private citizen.
But for those who have failed In their
school worlfc thero is no chance to become
state officials. Even In private life they
find it almost impossible to secure respon
sible positions with mercantile firms, and
they are, of course, debarred from en
tering the learned professions. It Is not
altogether strange that the German youth
is disposed to take a grave view of his
It Is not only students in the schools
who kill themselves before or after ex
aminations. A man of 23, who had been
studying legal procedure, reached the
point where he was to tako his examina
tion for advancement to court clerk. He
repeatedly told his friends that he was
sure he should not pass tha examination.
The night before the examination he
threw himself from the window of his
third-story room and was crushed to
Engineer is Shotj
CHICAGO , May 9. Sowall Truax,
mining engineer and son of Colonel Sow
all Truax of Tacoina. Wash., lies at the
point of death in his home In Highland
Park, a northern suburb, suffering from
a bullet wound In his head.
Mr. Truax, for nearly two years has
suffered from a severe attack of rheu
matism, from which physicians gave him
little hope of relief.
Recently Mr. Truax bold one of his re
volvers and Thursday called for another
revolver which he said he Intended to
clean before disposing of it.
No one was in the room tfith him
when the injury was Inflicted. There were
no powder marks visible and member
of tho family Insist the weapon waa acci
Tho Herman Aviators Killed,
STETTIN. Germany. May 9. Lieuten
ants Faber and Kurtx, German army
aviators, were killed today while at
tempting to make a landing here. They
were on a flight from Bchwerln to Posea
BRITISH SUBJECTS IN
MEXICO CITY ADVISED
TO LEAVE BY GARDEN
English Minister A;
HUERTA DELEGATES START
Begin Journey to Scene of Media-1
a: n r i n...j. N
kiuu vuiucicjiuc in uttuuun.
TWO BRIGADES READY TO
Reinforcements Awaiting to Sail
from Galveston for Vera Cruz.
NEW SCHEME TO PROTECT OIL
Drynu Instructs Consul nt Tnmplcn
to Investigate Reports Amer
lenn Property Transferred
MEXICO CITT, May 9. Senator Emlllo
Rabosa, Augiibtln Rodriguez and Luis El
gucro, the three delegates who are to
represent Provisional President Huerta nt
the mediation conference at Niagara
Fnlls, left here today to travel to their
destination bj way of Vera Cruz.
Sir IJonol Garden, tho British minister,
today again advised British subjects to
leavo tho capital.
There aro nbout 60) American citizens
left In Mexico City.
Two llrlgndcs Henilv to (lo,
WASHINGTON. May 9. Reiterating to
day his declaration of last night that
there was nothing "Imminent" in the
Moxlcan situation, and that no "aggres
sive" move was In contemplation by this
government, Secretary' of War Garrison
continued supervision of preparations to
send the balabc.e?o"f the second division
of tho army to Vera Cruz as a precau
Orders have gone to the Fourth and
Sixth brigades at Texas City to bo ready
to reinforce General Funston. When tha
forward movement would bo ordered Btlll
Is undecided. Throughout the day War
department officials were engaged !n
gathering transports and up to noon ar
rangements had been made for cloven
ships, Including the four regular urmy
transports now at Galveston.
President Wilson had under consldera
tlon again today the proposed personnel
of American delegates to participate In
the forthcoming mediation conferenqe at
Niagara Falls, In that connection he con
ferred with Frederick W. Lehman, for.
mer solicitor general, who arrived from
St. Louis. No selections have yet been I
announced by the president, however.,!
Tho South American mediation envoys,!
held another conference "during the day,
but tnado no announcements.
Sehor Pullo Maq'uorla arrived today to
act as second secretary of tho Chilean
legation and wprd was received that Man
uel Salinas, now first secrotary at ,Vlenn.
had been appointed first secretary herd.
A report from General Funston today
said seveal sacks of mall sent from Vera
Cruz addressed to foreign business men
at Mexico City were seized and burned
before reaching their destination.
New Scheme' to Protect Oil.
Secretary Bryan announced late today
that ho liad Instructed the American
consul at Tamplco to investigate reports
that title to American owned oil wolls in
the Tamplco district had been transferred
to British owners for the purpose of so
cUrlng protection from the British gov
ernment. Admiral Badger also reported that W.
H. Lyon, representing a Texas company
with large oil properties at Panuco. nesr
Tamplco, had declared that all Americans
had abandoned their1 oil property In tho
vicinity of the Texas company's wells,
leaving Mexicans in charge.
Preparing to Send Fifty Thousand.
GALVESTON, Tex., May 9. The con
version of chartered steamships Into army
transports and supply carriers moved
rapidly forward at the, army pier here
nnd the quartermaster's department Is
under orders to be prepared to move
troops In large numbers and vast quan
tities of supplies to Vera Cruz. The in
formation hero Is that 60,000 troops may
be sent to Mexico at any time.
Army officers expect to make a time
record In converting tho freight ship Col- j
orado Into a floating stable to carry
horses to Mexico. The Colorado was un
loaded last night and within thirty min
utes was swung alongside tho army pier.
The newly chartered steamship Denver
was unloading freight today, but will be
turned over to the government tonight.
Two Detectives Cited
for Contempt in the
Leo M. Frank Casei
ATLANTA, Ga., May ".-Solicitor Gen
eral Hugh M. Dorsey, when the motion
to annul the verdict which found Leo M.
Frank guilty of the murder of Mary
Phtigon was presented to Judge Ben M,
Hill of the superior court today, asked
for a nnsioonment of the hearlnir until
next week. It waa granted. The court
has ordered a rule nisi against W. J.
Burns, the detective and Dan Lchon, one
of the employe, to appear before him.
next Tuesday and show cause why they
should not be held In contempt for hav
ing sent thn Carter woman outside the
Jurisdiction of the court,
Ordered to Suspend
Liquor Traffic in
WASHINGTON. May 9. Secretary Gar
rison today instructed Major Symonds,
commanding one of the military detach
ments In Colorado, to suspend liquor traf
fic. In the Louisville-Boulder strike dis
tricts pending the 'restoration of normal
Major Symonds reported to the War de
partment today that during the twenty
four hours ending at S o'clock last night,
161 Prearms wero surrendered at Ixuli
vllle, Erie, Lafayette and Frederick.
Mother's Day Reverie
: - '
iJrmfcl&mF ' " P"JCTf?4' v I W ( W ill' "VMM I
mr mJj rfeo in., wmu m a
i Mill" ' X 4... viMiP' I
Drawn for The Bes by Powell.
LOSS IN WORE FIRE
Three Buildings Destroyed and En
tire Business Section Threat
ened for Time.
AID IS ,SENT FROM BEATRICE
Tito Men Sustain Ilrokeu Limbs In
Flttlitlnfr Flames -Four Thou
sand Loss In Totrti of
WYMORE. Neb., May 9.-(Spcclal Tele
gram.) Wymoro suffered a fire loss
amounting to nbout SO,00O today, when
three buildings were burned in tho center
of the business section.
Tho fire originated from the burning of
trash In the rear of Dawson's furniture
store, and before It was dtscovored the
heurt of the chief business section was
in danger. Tho first started durlnc the
noon hour, when few pcoplo wure nr.out,
and gained rapid headway driven by the
high wind. Tho flames quickly spicad to
tho general store of C. W. Robertson &
Co., the largest dry goods store In town,
and completely gutted It.
The Robertson Btoro Is In hiv. L-sh.ipcd
room fronting on two streets, lli corner
being occupied by the First National
bank. Tho papers and books of tho bunk
were saved, but the fixtures were ruined
by flro and water. In this building also
wero the mllltla nrmory, which In also
used as a lodge room, and tho law office
of Adam McMullen. Everything there
North or the Dawson store are two
brick and stone buildings which wore un
injured, but beyond this Interval was tho
Cutshall building, a frame structure,
which was set afire by flying embers
and completely destroyed.
List of Losers.
Following is a list of the losses.
Buildings Mary Greenwood, J15.C00; II.
W. Dlmmett, S,XW; I. T. Cutshall, Jl.fW.
Tenants-C. W. Robcruion & Co., J3O,0p3;
First National bank, ?2,O30; postofflco fix
tures, $1,000; James Klnley cigar store,
11,000; Swenker Bros, barber shop, $600;
W. A. Dawson, furnlturo stock, 12,000;
Stephenson & Moran, real estate oflfce,
S100; McDonald & Hickman, millinery, 1510.
The lofcses are covered by insurance
amounting to about TOW
Tito SI en Injured,
Fearing the flro would sweep the whole
(block, the Wymorc authorities sent In a
I call for heln to the Beatrice fire depart-
and two hose carts and about fifty
volunteers camo to their assistance. Many
residents from neatrlco drove to Wymore
1 nautomublles to assist In checking the
After the fire two men wore Injured
while assisting In pulling down a brink
wall, William Drake Had two legs hronen
and William Wymore one eg broken.
; Four years ago a destructive fire visited
Wymoro and at that time the Beatrice
fire department was called Into service.
Hlx frame buildings were destroyed by
fire at DuBols, Pawnee county, last
night. The cause of tho flro Is unknown.
The drug store of D- II. Cunningham was
destroyed. Other buildings consumed
were: Lucdkn Bros ' restuurant, Charles
Htansy's pool hall, postofflco, John Batrd's
novelty store and Lucdkc Bros.' muslo
store. The loss Is placed at $4,000, par
tially covered by Insuronre.
EBERLY ELECTED COLONEL
OF THE FOURTH RFfilMENT
(From a Staff Correspondent.)
LINCOLN, May 9. -(Special. )-At the
election held today for selection of
commander for the Fourth and Fifth
regiment! and a lieutenant colonel for the
Fourth, opening of the ballots disclosed
that Colonel G. A. Eberly of Stanton was
re-elected colonel of the Fourth regiment
and W. K. Ilaehr of Omaha lieutenant
colonel of the same regiment. Colonel
A. H. Holllngworth was re-elected com
mander of the Fifth regiment.
MOTHER 7ffeJSy I
Ten Army Officers
in French Colleges
PARIS, May 9. Tho mqvcinent of
American troops to Mexico brings to
notice tho fact that ten United States
army officers, reprrkentlng all brunches
of th seivlco are on duty In Frauctufpr
Instruction in .French 'military ('trarilnit.
Thoy " are "hero by permission of tho
French government, given Upbh request
of tho United tntes and aro welcome In
the friendliest spirit. It appears to be
'the Intention 6t tlie War department at
Washington to have six officers con-'
tlnuouely on service In France so that
French experience and French military
fcleneo may from year to year ho
available for tho Un ted States arm.
Occasionally an English officer or offic
ers from the Balkan and other smaller
states havo had permission to servo with,
one or another of tho French regiments
but It would eoem that no foreign army
not oven tho Russian has during this
generation had such opportunities to
know tho Fronch military system as thn
Americans now have.
Captain W. A. Castle is In an Infantry
regiment at Orleans, Captain N Mar
gettos and Lieutenant A. T. Bishop with
other regiments nt Chalons sur Marnc,
Lieutenant E. T. Boyd with tho dragoons
at Fontalnbleau, Lieutenant W. T. Martin
(it tho cavalry school at Saumur. Captnln
F. H. Pope In the French quartermaster's
EChool and Captain Frank Parker at tha
War College. Captain Morton Henry of
the1 American quartermaster's division
and Lieutenant E. S. Greblo nnd Honey
cutt of the artillery huve Just arrived to
replace thren other American officers
and three others are oxpected. The three
latter do not get Into tho French service
until October. In the meantime they are
requlrod to live In1 French families and
perfect their knowledgo of French.
Captain Parker In thO' War College, the
exclusive school of higher strutegy, has
probubly the rarest opportunity nnd ono
not shared by uny other foreign officer.
Eighty Fronch officers are admitted
annually out of from 400 to 600 applicants
who tako the severe competitive examin
ation. Years of study aro devoted by the
French officer In preparation for this
examination because all selections for
the General Staff aro made from gradu
ates of tho War College and no French
officer need expect a high command un
less he has gono successfully through
this training In the doeper problems of
An armchair has been placed for
Captain Parker apart from the other
officers and nearest tho lecturer's plat
form so that tle American guost may
have a better chanco than anyone else
to follow the exposition of a subjeot and
sen the diagrams. The work in the War
College is severe and Is from 6 a. m. to
6 p. m, Part of It consists In hard riding
over battlefleldH of France, the lecturer
of the day explaining tho operations of
tho troops that took part.
Score Four Times
YANKTON. S. .. May S.-fSpoclal Tel
egram.) In the twelfth annual state high
school oratorical and docUmutlon con
test Yankton won four mentions.
In state oratory, Arthur Rogers, Yank
ton, won first, with Robert Lyon, Vermil
In declamation. Miss Ruth Olson, Beres
ford,' won first, with Caroline Burgess,
In he district contest for state univer
sity contest, Robert Lyons, Vermilion,
won first and Adolph Pederson, Yankton,
second. In oratory.
In declamation for sumo event, Caroline
Burgess won first place.
A beautiful May pole danee was given
as usual by the college girls on the cam
pus In perfect weather before a great audience.
C, W. POST ENDS LIFE
WITH A RIFLE BULLET
Millionaire Commits Suicide by
Shooting at His Santa Barbara
WAS IN ILL HEALTH FOR MONTHS
Ho Was One of the Founlters of the
llenltk Fond Industry tlvrner
of Factories In Ntnte of
BANTA BARHARA. Cal., May 9.-Wlh
a bullet from a rlfla he hud previously
concealed in his apartment, Charles W.
Post, millionaire manufacturer of caroal
foods and national propagandist against
union labor, killed himself at his winter
home here today. Evading a trained
nurse, who had been attending him since
he returned from the cast a few weeks
ago, ho went to his apartment, placed
thn mutzla of the rifle In his mouth nnd
pulled the trigger with n too.
Mr. Post was convalescent from an Ill
ness which necessitated a major opera
tion some months ngo at Rochester, Minn.
At that tlmo he was hurried to Rochester,
Minn., In a special train so that he might
arrive In time for surgeons to save his
Returning hura a few weeks ago he
seemed to be exceedingly nervous and
Mrs. Post, who came to their winter home
with him, engaged trained nurses to at
Mr. Post arose at his usual hour this
morning, breakfasted and lounged about
until 10 o'clock, when ho excused him
self, telling tho nurso on duty at tho
tlmo that he wished to go to his apart
mont to Ho down. What happened then
Is a matter of conjecture. A shot was
heard; Mrs. Post and a nurse rushed to
tho apartment up.itoir and found the
millionaire strctchod on the floor, dead.
Both Mrs, I'oit and the nurse said they
did not know how Mr, Post had procured
tho rifle. Its presence In tho room was
taken by them to Indicate that he had
planned his death some tlmo In advance.
Pioneer Health Food JllaUrr.
BATTLE CUE Elf. Mich., May 9.-
Charles W. Post was ono of tho founders
or tho so-called health food Industry.
Ills business Interests here for tho manu
facturing of breakfast foods represented
millions of dollars. Although Mr, Post's
office addross was In this city ho had
maintained reiildence In Washington, D.
C, for ucvorul years.
Mr. Post was bom in Springfield, III.,
in 1&4. Ho engagad In the hardware and
other lines of business there until l&M,
when his health broke down Ho traveled
extensively In search of treatment for
some time and arrived hero In 1S91. His
search for heulth was responsible, it is
said, for his Investigation into the health
food subject, and when his heulth had
heon regained ho turned all of his atten
tion to that line of endeavor.
Ifmploylng thousands of workmen, Mr.
Post took an active part In local civic
affairs. In 1968 he was made president
of the National Citizens' Industrial asso
ciation of America and for several years
ho "attracted wide attontlon beoaure of
his attucks agulnst labor unions.
Mr. Post traveled about a large art
of the time during recent years and his
art collection in this city Is regarded as
one of the most valuable in the county.
The news of his death was a great
shook to his friends and relatives here
who thought he had practically recovered
from his recent Illness.
Long Trip for Operation.
CHICAGO, May 9.Two months ago
Mr. Post was hurried across half the
continent to Rochester, Minn., for treat
ment for an attack of appendicitis which
was believed to threaten his life. Thn
nperatlnu. which was performed March
10, was considered successful and ha de
(Continued on Paso Two.)
HUNDRED ARE KILLED
BY QUAKE AND FIRE
ON SLOPES OF ETNA
Eruption of Volcano Destroys Sev
eral Villages in Vicinity of
City of Catania.
SEVERAL HUNDRED INJURED
Full Extent of the Disaster Has Not
0ENTER OF SHOCK IS AT LINERA
Victims Here Are Nearly All Women
DISTURBANCE BEGAN LAST WEEK
Series of Unlit Shocks Lnstlnpr Sev
eral Ilnys Followed ly Heavier
Ones Friday Krenlnor Re
lief Work nmlns.
CATANIA. May 9.-Offlcla! reports late
todny placed the number of dead at 1
and the Injured at 283. These figures will
probably bo Increased by more complete
advices from the wrecked villages,
CATANIA, May 9.-Karthquake and
volcanic eruption, followed by fire, de
stroyed many villages on the slopes of
Mount Etna last night The disaster
caused the death of at least 100 persons.
Tho number of Injured will reach sev
eral hundred. Refugees declare the prop
erty loss Is as great as In the Messina
disaster of 1908.
Rnllroad tracks were torn up, ehurches
razed to the ground, houses shaken to
ruin nnd telegraph poles overturned over
a radius of severnl miles around Catania,
Terror-stricken People rtished from tho
villages intu Cntanla before daybreak
today, bringing stories of win and dis
aster. Their icports caused the authori
ties to take Immediate steps to start
measures of rollef. The army, the navy
nnd the civilian authorities received or
ders from Romo to render aid in tho
work of rescue The aid of the Red Cross
was quickly enlisted. .
Interruption of railroads and of tele
graphs made it linposslblo to obtain any
accurate details as to tho loss of life.
Hellef Work Beolns.
Prefect Mlnervlnl of Catania and all
tho officials under his superintendence
wero called together before daybreak and
received orders to do their utmost to ild
the affllotcd Inhabitants. They haVs since
been wprlUnR Indefatlguabiy.
The soldlow In the, district are aiding
In the endeavor lo resoutiyrtmUvj.
beneath tlio ruins and to extricate the
dead from Iho rtebrl.
AU available" nurses Were mobilized and
are assisting In natherlng the homeless
0,'nd tho children who havo lost their par
ent. Temporary shelter Is being pro
vided here for tha refugees.
Aldnr tho principal highways In the
stricken district the sceno of desolation
was heartrending. Groups of refugees
wera frequently encountered. Many of
thtse were burdened with improvisea in
ters, mado of branches of trees and
bushes, on which they were carrying In
jured and dying relatives to the tem
porary stations estamisnea ny um sur
geons and nurses. In the neighborhood
of Santa Venerlna the number of Injured
The authorities have commandeered
all available automobiles to assist In tho
work of rescue.
Shocks llennit Several Dnrs Aro.
For several days past earthquake shocks
had been felt at frequent Intervals, ac
companied by eruptions of Mount Ega.
No particular attention, however, was
paid to the occurrences.
The first severe shock was felt at 7
o'clock last evening. The extent ot the
catastrophe was not realized until this
morning when terror-stricken groups of
refugees began streaming Into town.
Tho center of the disturbance waa at
the village of Mnera. Here tne propor
tion of dead and Injured waa very neavy.
Tho victims were mostly women anu
Many Hundreds Injured,
IneomDlote reports from Catsnla this
morning Indicated that tho number of
dead In the earthquake disaster Is about
100 Tho total of Injured will reach sev
eral times that number,
The destruction of telegraph lines anu
railroads rendered It most difficult ior
tho authorities here to obtain accurate,
details of the catastrophe.
Disturbance Is Volcanic.
CAMBRIDGE. Mass., May 9r-8clentlats
at Harvard university earn tonay mm
the Sicilian earthquake was of volcanlo
origin, as no record of any disturbance
during the last tvyentyfour hours was
uhown by tho university seismograph.
Shocks of volcanic origin. It was ex-
(Continued on Page Two.)
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